List of convicted war criminals

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This is a list of convicted war criminals as according to the conduct and rules of warfare as defined by the Nuremberg Trials following World War II as well as earlier agreements established by the Hague Conferences of 1899 and 1907, the Kellogg-Briand Pact of 1928, and the Geneva Conventions of 1929 and 1949.

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  • Esad Landžo, Bosnian Muslim sentenced to 15 years for Čelebići prison camp[13]
  • Hubert Lanz (1896–1982), Nazi general, sentenced to 12 years in prison at the Nuremberg Hostages Trial, released in 1951.
  • Ernst Lautz (1887–1979), Chief Public Prosecutor of the People's Court, sentenced to 10 years in prison at the Nuremberg judges' trial, released in 1951.
  • Robert Ley (1890–1945), head of the labor force in Nazi Germany, indicted at the Nuremberg trials, committed suicide in custody.
  • Wilhelm List (1880–1971), Nazi German field marshall, sentenced to life in prison at the Nuremberg hostages' trial, released in 1952.
  • Hinrich Lohse (1896–1964), German politician
  • Alexander Löhr (1885–1947), Austrian and German Air Force (Luftwaffe) commander
  • Werner Lorenz (1891–1974), German head of Volksdeutsche Mittelstelle (Repatriation Office for Ethnic Germans) and an SS Obergruppenführer.
  • Georg Lörner (1899–1959), administrator and economist in the SS in Nazi Germany, sentenced to death, commuted and released in 1954.
  • Hans Lörner (Born 1893), senior leader of the SS in Nazi Germany, sentenced to 10 years in prison at the Nuremberg Pohl trial, released in 1951.
  • Milan Lukić (born 1967), commander of the White Eagles paramilitary group, sentenced to life in prison for his role in the Višegrad massacres during the Bosnian War.
  • Sreten Lukić (born 1955), former Chief of the Serbian Police, sentenced to 22 years in prison for war crimes committed during the Kosovo War.

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  • Mlado Radić Bosnian Serb, sentenced to 20 years for Omarska camp[27]
  • Erich Raeder (1876–1960), German grand admiral, sentenced to life imprisonment, later released
  • Friedrich Rainer (1903–1947?), German Gauleiter and an Austrian Landeshauptmann of Salzburg and Carinthia, sentenced to death
  • Ivica Rajić (born 1958), Bosnian Croat sentenced to 12 years[41]
  • Taha Yassin Ramadan (1938–2007), Iraqi Vice President, 1991–2003, sentenced to life imprisonment, appealed to death
  • Hanns Albin Rauter (died 1949), German Higher SS and Police Leader in the Netherlands, sentenced to death
  • Giovanni Ravalli (1910–1998), soldier in the Royal Italian Army during World War II, initially received a life sentence but was pardoned after serving 13 years.
  • Hermann Reinecke (1888–1973), German OKW official, sentenced to life imprisonment, later released
  • Lothar Rendulic (1887–1971), German commander of 52nd Infantry Division, sentenced to 20 years (later 10)
  • Tharcisse Renzaho (born 1944), Rwandan soldier and head of the Civil Defence Committee for Kigali, sentenced to life in prison for his role in the Rwandan genocide.
  • Joachim von Ribbentrop (1893–1946), German foreign minister, sentenced to death
  • Karl von Roques (died 1949), German Rear Area Army Group South commander
  • Gerhard Rose (1896–1992), expert on tropical disease in Nazi Germany, performed experiments in Dachau and Buchenwald concentration camp, sentenced to life in prison at the doctors' trial, released in 1955.
  • Alfred Ernst Rosenberg (1893–1946), German east minister, sentenced to death
  • Oswald Rothaug (1897–1967), Chief Justice of the special court in Nazi Germany, sentenced to Life in prison at the Nuremberg judges' Trial, released in 1956.
  • Curt Rothenberger (1896–1959), State Secretary in the Ministry of Justice in Nazi Germany, sentenced to 7 years in prison at the Nuremberg judges' Trial, released in 1950.
  • Abdullah Kadhem Ruaid (?), Iraqi Baathist official, sentenced to 15 years
  • Mizhar Abdullah Ruaid (1949–present), Iraqi Baathist official, sentenced to 15 years
  • Siegfried Ruff (1907–1989), physician who performed experiments at Dachau concentration camp, charged at the Nuremberg doctor's trial, avoided jail due to his work for the United States.
  • Georges Rutaganda (1958–2010), commander for the Interahamwe militia, sentenced to life in prison for his role in the Rwandan genocide.

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World War II[edit]

Yugoslav Wars[edit]

After the Yugoslav Wars, an international Court was formed to try war criminals (ICTY). However, ICTY tried only a selected number of high-ranking people (a total of 161), with local Courts (in Bosnia, Croatia and Serbia) starting trials mostly against individuals or soldiers who carried out orders of those high-ranking officers. Many of those have been convicted.

Croatia raised charges against 3666 people for war crimes, of which 1381 were dropped due to lack of evidence.[56]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Syrian Soldier is Guilty of War Crime
  2. ^ Dutch court convicts Islamic State militant of war crimes
  3. ^ ICTY: Aleksovski Judgement
  4. ^ Saddam trial: Verdicts in detail
  5. ^ Ali Daeem Ali Archived 2012-10-27 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ ICTY: Babić Judgement
  7. ^ ICTY: Blaškić appeal Judgement
  8. ^ ICTY: Bralo Judgement
  9. ^ ICTY: Brdjanin appeal Judgement
  10. ^ Abu Ghraib dog handler convicted
  11. ^ a b ICTY: Kordić and Čerkez Judgement
  12. ^ ICTY: Česić Judgement
  13. ^ a b c ICTY: Mucic and others Judgement
  14. ^ a b c ICTY Judgment document
  15. ^ ICTY: Erdemovic Judgement
  16. ^ Eight years for US soldier who abused prisoners
  17. ^ ICTY: Galić Judgement
  18. ^ ICTY: Galić appeal Judgement
  19. ^ [1]
  20. ^ TRIAL International: Alphonse Higaniro
  21. ^ a b c d Nuns convicted of mass slaughter in Rwandan convent
  22. ^ ICTY: Jelisić Judgement
  23. ^ a b ICTY: Kupreskic and others Judgment
  24. ^ a b ICTY: Kupreskic and others Appeal Judgement
  25. ^ https://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/omar-khadr-to-seek-clemency-in-hopes-of-early-release-from-gitmo/article1901038/
  26. ^ a b https://www.nytimes.com/2013/11/04/world/asia/bangladesh-sentences-2-to-death-for-war-crimes.html
  27. ^ a b c d e BBC: Bosnia concentration camp guards jailed
  28. ^ a b c ICTY: Kunarec and others Appeal Judgement
  29. ^ Krajišnik Judgement summary
  30. ^ ICTY: Krnojelac Appeal Judgement
  31. ^ ICTY: Krstic appeal Judgement
  32. ^ ICTY: Martić sentence summary Archived 2007-08-18 at the Wayback Machine
  33. ^ a b ICTY: Naletilic and Martinovic Judgement
  34. ^ http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia/2013/09/201391735611372698.html
  35. ^ a b ICTY: Judgement in Mrkšić, Šljivančanin and Radić case
  36. ^ May 5, 1994: Sister Gertrude Mukangango caused the death of Tutsi in Sovu
  37. ^ ICTY: Dragan Nikolić Judgement
  38. ^ TRIAL International: Vincent Ntezimana
  39. ^ First British soldier to be convicted of a war crime is jailed for ill-treatment of Iraqi civilians
  40. ^ ICTY: Plavsic Judgement
  41. ^ ICTY: Rajić Judgement
  42. ^ Executed Today: Shigematsu Sakaibara, "I obey with pleasure"
  43. ^ https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-21611769
  44. ^ https://www.reuters.com/article/2013/02/28/us-bangladesh-tribunal-idUSBRE91R0AN20130228
  45. ^ http://edition.cnn.com/2013/02/27/world/asia/bangladesh-protests/?hpt=wo_c2
  46. ^ Bangladesh Jamaat leader sentenced to death
  47. ^ http://bdnews24.com/bangladesh/2013/02/28/sayedee-to-hang
  48. ^ a b c ICTY: Simic and others Judgment
  49. ^ ICTY: Šimić Judgment
  50. ^ ICTY: Stakić Judgment
  51. ^ ICTY: Strugar Judgment
  52. ^ ICTY: Duško Tadić Judgement
  53. ^ ICTY: Todorović Judgement
  54. ^ ICTY: Vasiljevic appeal Judgement
  55. ^ Afghan abuse sentence "lenient"
  56. ^ (in Croatian) Jutarnji List: State Attorney says 3666 war crime cases since 1991
  • Glueck, Sheldon. War Criminals: Their Prosecution and Punishment. New York: Kraus Reprint Corporation, 1966.
  • Minear, Richard H. Victors' Justice: The Tokyo War Crimes Trial. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1971.
  • Taylor, Telford. Nuremberg and Vietnam: an American Tragedy. Chicago: Quadrangle Books, 1970.