List of convicted war criminals

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This is a list of convicted war criminals as according to the conduct and rules of warfare as defined by the Nuremberg Trials following World War II as well as earlier agreements established by the Hague Conferences of 1899 and 1907, the Kellogg-Briand Pact of 1928, and the Geneva Conventions of 1929 and 1949.

A[edit]

  • Heinrich Otto Abetz (1903–1958), German ambassador to France, sentenced to 20 years
  • Muto Akira (1883–1948), Japanese army commander and member of the General High Staff, sentenced to death
  • Zlatko Aleksovski (born 1960), Bosnian Croat commander of a prison facility, sentenced to 7 years[1]
  • Ali Daeem Ali (born 1940), Iraqi Baathist official, sentenced to 15 years[2][3]
  • Ion Antonescu (1882–1946), Romanian marshal; found guilty by the Romanian People's Tribunals; executed;
  • Mihai Antonescu (1907–1946), Romanian government official; found guilty by the Romanian People's Tribunals; executed;
  • Andrija Artuković (1899–1988), Croatian minister of Justice and Internal Affairs, Ustasha, sentenced to death, but died before execution
  • Tariq Aziz (1936-2015), Iraqi foreign minister under Saddam Hussein, death sentence later commuted to life imprisonment where he died in custody
  • Abdul Quader Molla (1948-2013), A member of the Al-Badar militia during the liberation war, Molla was convicted of killing 344 civilians and other crimes.[4] He was the first person to have been executed for crimes committed during the Bangladesh Liberation War.[5]
  • Abul Kalam Azad (1947) is war criminal of 1971 Bangladesh Liberation War. He was the first Razakar to be convicted for crimes against humanity, including murder of unarmed civilians and rape committed during the War.[6][7] On 21 January 2013 Azad was sentenced to hanging for his crimes.[8][9][10]

B[edit]

C[edit]

  • Pietro Caruso (1899–1944), Italian police chief of Rome
  • Edith Cavell (1865–1915), abused the protection arising from medical status by helping PoWs escape, sentenced to death
  • Mario Čerkez (born 1959), Bosnian Croat sentenced to 6 years[15]
  • Ranko Česić (born 1964), Bosnian Serb sentenced to 18 years for Brčko[16]
  • Paul Chack (1876–1945), French collaborator
  • Carl Clauberg (1898–1957), medical doctor present at Auschwitz concentration camp
  • Salahuddin Quader Chowdhury (1949-2015), On 1 October 2013, International Crimes Tribunal sentenced Salahuddin Quader Chowdhury to death by hanging for war crimes including torture, murder and genocide of some 200 civilians and collaborating with Pakistan's army during the 1971 Bangladesh Liberation War.[17] On 18 November 2015, Bangladesh Supreme Court dismissed the appeal of Chowdhury, upholding the death sentence.[18] Chowdhury asked for mercy in a petition to the President of Bangladesh, but his appeal was rejected.[19] [20] On 22 November 2015, Chowdhury was executed at Dhaka Central Jail. [21] [22] [23] [24]

D[edit]

E[edit]

F[edit]

G[edit]

  • Stanislav Galić, Bosnian Serb commander in Siege of Sarajevo. Sentenced to 20 years,[36] appealed and had his sentence changed to life imprisonment[37]
  • Karl Gebhardt (died 1948), German SS chief clinician
  • Karl Genzken (1895–1957), German SS medical officer
  • Richard Glücks (1889–1945), German WVHA official
  • Hermann Wilhelm Göring (1893–1946), Commander of the German Luftwaffe
  • Amon Göth (1908–1946), Commandant at Nazi concentration camp at Płaszów, Poland
  • Ulrich Greifelt (died 1949), German Main Office official
  • Arthur Greiser (died 1946), German Gauleiter of Wartheland
  • Irma Grese (1923–1945), German administrator of the Auschwitz concentration camp
  • Oskar Gröning, accessory to mass murder (by handling victims' confiscated possessions) in the Auschwitz concentration camp, sentenced to four years imprisonment
  • Ghulam Azam (1922-2014), Ghulam Azam is the chief protagonist and to present the blueprint of the killing of the intellectuals in a meeting with Rao Forman Ali in Early September 1971. [38] He was convicted of war crimes during the Bangladesh Liberation War by the International Crimes Tribunal-1 of Bangladesh. The charges against Azam were conspiring, planning, incitement to and complicity in committing genocide, crimes against humanity, and other war crimes and torture and killing of a police officer Shiru Mia and three other civilians. He was found guilty on all five charges and sentenced to 90 years in prison. The judges unanimously agreed that Azam deserved capital punishment but was given a lenient punishment because of his age and health condition. [39] [40] [41] [42]

H[edit]

I[edit]

J[edit]

  • Andor Jarosz (died 1946), Hungarian interior minister
  • Friedrich Jeckeln (died 1946), German SS officer and Police Leader of Ostland
  • Goran Jelisić (born 1969), Bosnian Serb sentenced to 40 years for murders in Brčko. Personally killed 13 civilians[43]
  • Alfred Jodl (1890–1946), German commander of operations personnel
  • Drago Josipović (born 1955), Bosnian Croat sentenced to 15, changed to 12 years following appeal[44][45]
  • Heinz Jost (1904-1964), German Einsatzgruppe commander
  • Hans Jüttner (1894–1965) commander of German SS's Main Leadership Office and Obergruppenführer.

K[edit]

L[edit]

M[edit]

N[edit]

O[edit]

P[edit]

R[edit]

S[edit]

T[edit]

U[edit]

V[edit]

W[edit]

Y[edit]

Z[edit]

Notes[edit]

World War II[edit]

Yugoslav Wars[edit]

After the Yugoslav Wars, an international Court was formed to try war criminals (ICTY). However, ICTY tried only a selected number of high-ranking people (a total of 161), with local Courts (in Bosnia, Croatia and Serbia) starting trials mostly against individuals or soldiers who carried out orders of those high-ranking officers. Many of those have been convicted.

Croatia raised charges against 3666 people for war crimes, of which 1381 were dropped due to lack of evidence.[67]

References[edit]

  1. ^ ICTY: Aleksovski Judgement
  2. ^ Saddam trial: Verdicts in detail
  3. ^ Ali Daeem Ali
  4. ^ http://www.thedailystar.net/newDesign/news-details.php?nid=268072
  5. ^ http://bdnews24.com/bangladesh/2013/12/12/quader-molla-hangs-finally-for-war-crimes
  6. ^ http://www.thedailystar.net/newDesign/news-details.php?nid=256293
  7. ^ http://www.banglanews24.com/English/detailsnews.php?nssl=ce49b7c62930aa818781c9ff64e5d84b&nttl=2012110457054
  8. ^ http://www.thedailystar.net/newDesign/latest_news.php?nid=44161
  9. ^ http://bdnews24.com/bangladesh/2013/01/21/icts-death-penalty-for-bachchu-razakar
  10. ^ http://www.banglanews24.com/English/detailsnews.php?nssl=59396f7414f89991d14c6fa956924bc1&nttl=2013012162452
  11. ^ ICTY: Babić Judgement
  12. ^ ICTY: Blaškić appeal Judgement
  13. ^ ICTY: Bralo Judgement
  14. ^ ICTY: Brdjanin appeal Judgement
  15. ^ a b ICTY: Kordić and Čerkez Judgement
  16. ^ ICTY: Česić Judgement
  17. ^ [1]
  18. ^ [2]
  19. ^ [3]
  20. ^ [4]
  21. ^ [5]
  22. ^ [6]
  23. ^ [7]
  24. ^ [8]
  25. ^ a b c ICTY: Mucic and others Judgement
  26. ^ a b c ICTY Judgment document
  27. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-21611769
  28. ^ http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/02/28/us-bangladesh-tribunal-idUSBRE91R0AN20130228
  29. ^ http://edition.cnn.com/2013/02/27/world/asia/bangladesh-protests/?hpt=wo_c2
  30. ^ http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia/2013/02/201322865638456746.html
  31. ^ http://bdnews24.com/bangladesh/2013/02/28/sayedee-to-hang
  32. ^ http://itvradionigeria.com/news/bangladesh-court-commits-islamist-leaders-death-sentence-life-imprisonment/
  33. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-29233639
  34. ^ http://www.thedailystar.net/newDesign/latest_news.php?nid=45073
  35. ^ ICTY: Erdemovic Judgement
  36. ^ ICTY: Galić Judgement
  37. ^ ICTY: Galić appeal Judgement
  38. ^ [9]
  39. ^ [10]
  40. ^ [11]
  41. ^ [12]
  42. ^ [13]
  43. ^ ICTY: Jelisić Judgement
  44. ^ a b ICTY: Kupreskic and others Judgment
  45. ^ a b ICTY: Kupreskic and others Appeal Judgement
  46. ^ http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/omar-khadr-to-seek-clemency-in-hopes-of-early-release-from-gitmo/article1901038/
  47. ^ a b http://www.nytimes.com/2013/11/04/world/asia/bangladesh-sentences-2-to-death-for-war-crimes.html
  48. ^ a b c d e BBC: Bosnia concentration camp guards jailed
  49. ^ a b c ICTY: Kunarec and others Appeal Judgement
  50. ^ Krajišnik Judgement summary
  51. ^ ICTY: Krnojelac Appeal Judgement
  52. ^ ICTY: Krstic appeal Judgement
  53. ^ ICTY: Martić sentence summary
  54. ^ a b c ICTY: Naletilic and Martinovic Judgement
  55. ^ http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia/2013/09/201391735611372698.html
  56. ^ a b ICTY: Judgement in Mrkšić, Šljivančanin and Radić case
  57. ^ ICTY: Dragan Nikolić Judgement
  58. ^ ICTY: Plavsic Judgement
  59. ^ ICTY: Rajić Judgement
  60. ^ a b c ICTY: Simic and others Judgment
  61. ^ ICTY: Šimić Judgment
  62. ^ ICTY: Stakić Judgment
  63. ^ ICTY: Strugar Judgment
  64. ^ ICTY: Duško Tadić Judgement
  65. ^ ICTY: Todorović Judgement
  66. ^ ICTY: Vasiljevic appeal Judgement
  67. ^ (Croatian) Jutarnji List: State Attorney says 3666 war crime cases since 1991
  • Glueck, Sheldon. War Criminals: Their Prosecution and Punishment. New York: Kraus Reprint Corporation, 1966.
  • Minear, Richard H. Victors' Justice: The Tokyo War Crimes Trial. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1971.
  • Taylor, Telford. Nuremberg and Vietnam: an American Tragedy. Chicago: Quadrangle Books, 1970.