List of convicts on the First Fleet

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The First Fleet convicts are named on stone tablets in the Memorial Garden, Wallabadah, New South Wales.

The First Fleet is the name given to the first group of eleven ships that carried convicts from England to Australia in 1788. Beginning in 1787 the ships departed with about 778 convicts (586 men, 192 women), provisions and agricultural implements. Seventeen convicts died and two were pardoned before departure. Another nine died before reaching Santa Cruz plus another 14 who died before arrival at Port Jackson, during the eight-month trip.

In 2005, the First Fleet Garden, a memorial to the First Fleet immigrants was created on the banks of Quirindi Creek at Wallabadah, New South Wales. Stonemason, Ray Collins, researched and then carved the names of all those who came out to Australia on the eleven ships in 1788 on tablets along the garden pathways. The stories of those who arrived on the ships, their life, and first encounters with the Australian country are presented throughout the garden.[1]

No single definitive list of people who travelled on those ships exists; however, historians have pieced together as much data about these pioneers as possible. In the late 1980s, a simple software program with a database of convicts became available for Australian school students, both as a history and an information technology learning guide. An on-line version is now hosted by the University of Wollongong.[2]

The six ships that transported the First Fleet convicts were:

The convict manifest[edit]

The following is a list of partial details of all convicts who arrived at Port Jackson in January 1788.

Note that the "from" refers to where they were tried.

A[edit]

Reference - First Fleet Database of the University of Wollongong[2]

Name Date
of
birth
Place
of
conviction
Date
of
conviction
Sentence Other information Transport ship
Mary Abel c. 1757 Worcester 5 Mar 1785 7 years Abel was convicted for stealing 3 Ells of hempen cloth, tablecloths, clothing & other items, value 31s, on 5 March 1785.[4] Abel was a servant from Hanbury.[5] On 25 November 1786, Abel was transferred from Worcester gaol to Southwark gaol in London. Abel was pregnant when she embarked and gave birth to a child, William on 13 April 1787. Mary married Thomas Tilley on 4 May 1787 at Sydney Cove. Her son died on 19 May 1788. On 21 July 1788, Abel died at Sydney Cove. Lady Penrhyn
Robert Abel c. 1772 London 15 Sep 1784 Death commuted to 7 years Abel was convicted with another man at the Old Bailey for assault and highway robbery with a pistol that occurred 4 July 1784, value 5s.[6][7][8] Abel received the King's Pardon and sentenced was commuted.[9][10] In June 1790, Abel received 200 lashes for stealing sugar from the Lady Juliana. In February 1794, Abel received a 30-acre land grant which he later sold. He left the Colony for India in 1795 on the Endeavour. The ship sank off New Zealand, and Abel was rescued and taken to Norfolk Island in January 1796. Abel did not remain on the island and there are no further records of him. Alexander
Esther Abrahams c. 1767 London 30 Aug 1786 7 years Alias Julian, Juliano. Convicted at the Old Bailey for stealing twenty-four yards of black silk lace (50s).[11] Listed as a Milliner by trade.[12] Defended by William Garrow. Esther travelled with her baby daughter Rosanna. She became wife of Lt. Col. George Johnson. Lady Penrhyn[13]
and
Prince of Wales
Henry Abrams c. 1759 Chelmsford 9 Mar 1785 Death commuted to 7 years Aka Abrahams. Convicted of Highway Robbery value 46s. Listed as a labourer and waterman by occupation.[14][15] Scarborough
Thomas Acres c. 1758 Exeter 14 Mar 1785 7 years Aka Akers. Tried at Exeter Castle in Devon for highway robbery against John Squance for 10 Shillings, and convicted and sentenced to be hanged. This sentence was later changed to 7 years transportation. He was a Catholic and his occupation was a Shoemaker. He was emancipated in 1792.[16][17] Charlotte
John Adams c. 1740 London 26 May 1784 7 years Convicted at the Old Bailey (with John Ayners) for stealing 214lbs of lead (30s).[18] Scarborough
Mary Adams c. 1758 London 13 Dec 1786 7 years Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing two cotton gowns (24s), one green sluff petticoat (3s), one white callico petticoat (12d), two shirts (5s), one shift (1s), one hat (2s), one ostrich feather (6s), one silver thimble (12d).[19] Lady Penrhyn
Charles Allen c. 1767 London 7 Jul 1784 7 years Convicted at the Old Bailey (with Peter Sampson) of burglarious breaking and entering a dwelling and stealing one linen sheet (10s), eight damask table cloths (40s), one sheet (10s), eight shirts (3s 1d) and one counterpane (10s).[20] Scarborough
John Allen c. 1742 Hertford 3 Mar 1786 7 years Allen was convicted for stealing bedding (200s). His occupation was listed as labourer or miller. He died in 1794. Alexander
Mary Allen c. 1765 London 25 Oct 1786 7 years Convicted of stealing by highway robbery a watch with a tortoise-shell case (30s), a chain (2s), four gold seals (40s), a base metal watch key (2d).[21] Lady Penrhyn
Mary Allen c. 1759 London 10 Jan 1787 7 years Alias Conner. Convicted at the Old Bailey for stealing one man's hat (12s).[22] Lady Penrhyn
Susannah Allen Unknown London 18 Apr 1787 7 years Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing one dimity gown (15s), a cotton petticoat (6s), a silk cloak (5s), a muslin apron (7s), a pair of linen pockets (12s), a silk handkerchief (3s), a pair of base metal shoe-buckles (2s), a muslin handkerchief (2s), and a pair of thread stockings (6d).[23] Prince of Wales
Tamasin Allen c. 1755 London 25 Oct 1786 7 years Aka Jamasin, alias Boddington. Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing one leather pocket-book (1s), ten grains of rose diamonds (£8), seven grains weight of other diamonds (£6), two brilliant diamonds (50s), a pearl (12s), one topaz (5s), a silver pencil-case (2s), and one promisory note called a bank note (£10).[24] Known as a prostitute,[25] described at her trial as "a lustyish woman with black hair."[26] Lady Penrhyn
William Allen c. 1763 Ormskirk 11 Apr 1785 7 years Allen, a labourer, was tried for assault and robbery (30s). Alexander
Elizabeth Anderson c. 1755 London 10 Jan 1787 7 years Convicted at the Old Bailey (with Elizabeth Bruce) of stealing three linen table-cloths (15s) and two aprons (5s).[27] Lady Penrhyn
Fanny Anderson c. 1757 Winchester 7 Mar 1786 7 years Aka Frances. Anderson, a dealer, was tried for stealing clothing and money (13s). She was described in the colony as “too fond of spirituous liquors to be very industrious”. She married Simon Burn on 10 February 1788. Charlotte
John Anderson c. 1761 London 20 Mar 1786 7 years Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing one silk handkerchief (2s).[28] Charlotte
John Anderson c. 1763 London 26 May 1784 7 years Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing three linen table cloths (20s) and three linen aprons (6s).[29] Scarborough
John Archer c. 1756 London 26 May 1784 7 years Alias Forrester. Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing two large coach glasses (40s).[30] Scarborough
John Arscott c. 1767 Bodmin 18 Aug 1783 7 years Arscott was tried for stealing tobacco (70s). Report from Dunkirk hulk was that he had behaved “tolerably well”. Married Catherine Prior on 8 December 1792. He left NSW in 1793. Scarborough
George Atkinson c. 1765 London 21 Apr 1784 7 years Aka Atkins. He was tried at Old Bailey for stealing clothing (18s). He was a night watch member and died in 1834. Scarborough
Sarah Ault Unknown London 21 Feb 1787 7 years Convicted at the Old Bailey (with Elizabeth Scott) for stealing four bridles (11s), one bradoon (2s), two strap irons (1s), and two leather straps (1s).[31] Prince of Wales
John Ayners c. 1760 London 26 May 1784 7 years Alias Agnew. Convicted at the Old Bailey (with John Adams) for stealing 214lbs of lead (30s).[18] Scarborough

B[edit]

Reference - First Fleet Database of the University of Wollongong[2]

Name Date
of
birth
Place
of
conviction
Date
of
conviction
Sentence Other information Transport ship
Robert Bails/Bales c. 1766 Reading 28 February 1785 Death commuted to 14 Bails was convicted of highway robbery, value 2s.[32] Originally sentenced to death, the sentence was commuted to 14 years transportation. A police report describes Bails as “near six feet high, wears his own lank hair, pitted with the smallpox, thick lips and stout made." Bails had been discharged from his regiment of guards prior to his arrest.[33] A native of Yorkshire, Bails was one of 12 prisoners who escaped from Reading Gaol on 30 November 1784. A £10 reward was offered for his capture. Bails was found hiding with another escapee in a barn near Shinfield on 6 December 1784. On 30 April 1788, Bails was charged with three others with the theft of meat and was required to pay the value of the stolen property. In October 1789, Robert was sentenced to 25 lashes for insolence to John Palmer, the purser of the Sirius. In 1801 Robert was listed as an emancipist settler at Port Jackson. By 1806 Bails was listed as a Schoolmaster and in 1820 as a teacher with 25 pupils. He died in 1808 in Sydney. Alexander
Martha Baker c. 1762 London 30 August 1786 7 Baker was convicted at the Old Bailey for highway robbery of a silver watch (40s), a watch key (1d), and a seal (2s), that occurred on 2 August 1786.[34] Martha's occupation was listed as servant.[35] Baker married Walter Batley on 21 February 1788 at Sydney Cove.[36] She had previously been married to Thomas Baker in England prior to her transportation. In November 1789, Baker was sent to Norfolk Island on board the Supply with her husband. By 5 February 1790, Baker was recorded as Off Stores and sharing a sow with Samuel Mobbs, with whom she cohabited on Norfolk Island. On 7 May 1792, Baker sold two pigs to the Government for £2 16s. On 2 November 1793, Baker left Norfolk Island on the Britannia bound for India. Lady Penrhyn
Thomas Baker c. 1764 Exeter 10 January 1786 7 Baker was convicted at Exeter for an unrecorded crime which resulted in him receiving 7 years transportation.[37] A report from the Dunkirk Hulk described Thomas as "troublesome at times."[38] Baker died between 1788 and September 1792. Charlotte
James Balding c. 1755 London 12 January 1785 Death commuted to 7 a.k.a.William and Baldwin Scarborough
Ruth Baldwin c. 1762 London 25 October 1786 7 alias Bowyer. Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing three table spoons (20s) and two silver dessert spoons (10s).[39] Prince of Wales
John Ball c. 1736 Exeter 20 March 1786 7 Charlotte
George Bannister c. 1768 London 21 April 1784 7 About 16 years old when convicted. Tried at the Old Bailey (with George Robinson and John Monroe alias Nurse) for stealing one marcella petticoat (8s), one child's dimity cloak (3s), one linen gown (1s 6d) and one pair of cotton stockings (6d) on 21 April 1784.[40] Alexander
Elizabeth Barber Became wife of Thomas Brown
Charlotte
Friendship
John Barferd c. 1767 London 14 December 1785 7 aka Barford. Convicted at the Old Bailey (with John Cropper) of stealing one hair trunk (12d), four silk gowns (40s), one silk apron (2s), six linen ruffled shirts (30s), one plain linen ditto (3s), six stocks (6s), a silk cloak trimmed with fur (5s), two linen gowns (20s), one petticoat (4s), six children's night-gowns (5s), a yard of printed cotton (12d) two linen table-cloths (10s), one child's linen clout (12d), one silk petticoat (5s), a counterpane (10s), six pillow-cases (12d), a pair of stays (4s), one box iron (12d), a pair of steel snuffers (12d), a snuffer-stand (6d), a blanket (6d), six yards of silk ribbon (12d), one gauze cap (1d).[41] Alexander
George Barland c. 1767 London 7 July 1784 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey (with James Burleigh) for stealing one cloth great coat (20s).[42] Scarborough
Stephen Barnes Unknown York 9 July 1785 7 Alexander
Henry Barnett c. 1744 Warwick 21 March 1785 Death commuted to 7 aka Barnard, alias Burton Alexander
Daniel Barret c. 1757 Winchester 29 July 1783 7 aka Barrett, Barnett, Barney Friendship
Thomas Barrett c. 1758 London 11 September 1782 Life Barrett was convicted at the Old Bailey for stealing one silver watch (£3), one steel chain (3s), one stone seal (6d), one metal watch key (1d), one hook (1d), two shirts (8s), one shift (1s).[43] His sentence was commuted from death to transportation to America for life.[44] In March 1784, Thomas was sent aboard the Mercury bound for Nova Scotia. Barrett was a ringleader in the Mercury Mutiny in April 1784. He was recaptured and sentenced to death, but since he had intervened to save the steward’s life and prevented injury to the Captain, he was reprieved and given transportation for life.[45] On the voyage to New South Wales, Barrett was involved in passing counterfeit coin made from some pewter spoons and old buttons and buckles belonging to marines at Rio de Janeiro.[46] John White asked Barrett to make a memento of the trip, and Barrett fashioned a medal out of a silver kidney dish. The Charlotte Medal (the first work of Australian Colonial art) was sold at auction to the Australian National Maritime Museum in 2008 for one million dollars. In February 1788 Barrett was hanged for stealing beef and peas. He was the first man executed by hanging in New South Wales. Charlotte
John Barry c. 1768 Bristol 23 November 1785 7 About 17-18 yrs old when convicted. Friendship
George Barsby Winchester 1 March 1785 Death commuted to life Scarborough
Samuel Barsby c. 1764 Exeter 20 March 1786 Death commuted to 7 Charlotte
James Bartlett Winchester 1 March 1785 7 Pardoned & released before 1st fleet departed
John Basely Charlotte
Elizabeth Bason c. 1757 Salisbury 24 July 1784 Death commuted to 7 Became wife of James Heatherly, crew of Sirius Charlotte
Oten Batley Exeter 7 Charlotte
Walter Batley c. 1760 London 29 October 1783 7 aka Walton. Alias John Rous/Rouse/Rowse. Became husband of Martha Baker. Friendship
James Bayley New Sarum 7 Charlotte
John Bazley Exeter 7
Ann Beardsley Derby 5 Friensdhip
then from Rio
Charlotte
Elizabeth Beckford London 7 Lady Penrhyn
William Bell London 7 Scarborough
Sarah Bellamy Worcester 9 July 1785 7 married James Bloodsworth Lady Penrhyn
Jacob Bellet London 7 Scarborough
Samuel Benear London 7
John Best London 7 Friendship
Elizabeth Bingham London alias MOORING
Elizabeth Bird Maidstone 7 alias WINIFRED
James Bird Croydon 7
Samuel Bird Croydon 7
Joseph Bishop London 10 December 1783 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing five silk handkerchiefs (12s), a cotton handkerchief (2s), one linen handkerchief (12d).[47] Friendship
John Baughan Oxford 7 aka Baughn, Bingham, Boughan, Bunham. Alias Baffen, Boffin, Buffin Friendship
William Blackhall Abingdon 7
Francis Blake London 26 May 1784 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing nine linen shirts (18s), two pair of silk stockings (4s), four handkerchiefs (2s), two pair of ruffles (12d), eight oz. weight of chocolate (2d) and six muslin neckcloths (20s).[48] Total value 39s. The prosecution was led by William Garrow.
Susannah Blanchett Kingston 7
William Blatherhorn Exeter/London 10 September 1783 Death commuted Life aka Beans, Fisher. Originally convicted in the Old Bailey for stealing six yards of printed cotton (12s), five yards of other printed cotton (14s), twelve cotton handkerchiefs (24s), he was sentenced to be transported for 7 years on 26 February 1783.[49] He was part of a group of 24 convicts lead principally by John Kellan which overthrew their transportation vessel bound for America, the Swift and returned to Britain. He was tried at the Old Bailey for returning from transportation and sentenced to death by hanging. The King, however, thought fit to extend his mercy upon them and commute their sentences to transportation for life on 10 September 1783.[50] Charlotte
James Bloodsworth 7 March 1759 Kingstone 3 October 1785 7 aka Bloedworth, Bloodworth. Bloodsworth was sentenced to 7 years for the theft of one game cock and two hens. After his sentence was served, Bloodsworth was a master bricklayer and builder responsible for the construction of most of the buildings in the colony of New South Wales between 1788 and 1800. He was offered rehabilitation to England, but he refused. In 1803 when offered a choice of employment at Port Phillip or the Derwent he again refused, preferring to remain in Sydney. He died from pneumonia in 1804. Charlotte
William Blunt London 10 December 1783 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey alongside a man named John Berryman for breaking and entering a dwelling house with intent to burglariously steal goods, chattels and monies.[51] During the trial Blunt mentions that he is a coachman by trade and his father, also named William, is among those giving him a reference to good character. Originally both were sentenced to death. However, this was later overturned to seven years transportation for both those convicted.[52]
William Boggis c. 1767 Kingston upon Thames 24 Mar 1784 7 Boggis, a fisherman, was tried on 3 February 1783 for stealing a sheet (3s), and was convicted with William Hubbard. In August 1788 he received 50 lashes for gambling, in September 1788 he received 100 lashes for attempting to rape Lydia Munro, and in July 1789 received 200 lashes for stealing a shirt. In 1789 was sentenced to wear a label with the word thief upon it, and was transferred to Norfolk Island and given a plot of land after his sentence expired. He returned to Sydney sometime between the years of 1797 and 1801, but vanishes from records after 1802. Scarborough
Mary Bolton Shrewsbury 7
Jane Bonner London 18 April 1787 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing one black silk cloak (21s).[53]
Peter Bond London 15 September 1784 7 Although a transcript of Bond's trial does not exist, the Old Bailey Punishment Summaries note that he was tried there on 15 September 1784 and sentenced to seven years transportation.[54]
William Bond Exeter 7 Charlotte
Rebecca Boulton Lincoln 7 aka Bolton. Had been in prison for 4 years before the fleet sailed. Considered both mentally ill and in poor physical condition.[55] Prince of Wales
John Boyle London 21 April 1784 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey of fraud. Boyle, a seaman of the Royal Navy adopted the name of his former fellow seaman John Frazier upon returning home in order to obtain his wages. Upon the Navy Clerk stating that Frazier was listed as dead in the Americas, Boyle persisted to adopt several other identities in order to obtain wages that were not his. His story was disproved by three of his former shipmates present at the trial. Boyle had served with Frazier on board H.M.S. Marlborough and finally on board H.M.S. L'Hector, a captured French vessel.[56] Originally sentenced to death, this sentence was commuted to seven years transportation on 23 February 1785.[57]
William Bradbury London 10 September 1783 7 Originally sentenced to 7 years transportation to America at the Old Bailey for stealing a Bank post-bill, for £20 a bank-note for £10 another note for £5 5s the said notes being the property of John Baring and Company on 3 July 1782.[58] He was part of a group of 24 convicts lead principally by John Kellan which overthrew their transportation vessel bound for America, the Swift and returned to Britain. He was tried at the Old Bailey for returning from transportation and sentenced to death by hanging. The King, however, thought fit to extend his mercy upon them and commute their sentences to transportation for life on 10 September 1783.[50]
John Bradford Exeter 7 Charlotte
James Bradley London 7
Curtis Brand Maidstone 7 alias Bryn Friendship
Lucy Brand London 19 July 1786 7 alias Wood. Previously convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing by pickpocketing one piece of silver coin, called half a crown, and five shillings and sixpence on 11 May 1785 for which she was sentenced to privately whipped and imprisoned for one year.[59] She was convicted and sentenced to seven years transportation at the Old Bailey approximately fourteen months later for stealing one gold ring (5s), three guineas (£3 3s) and two pieces of base metal (2d).[60]
Mary Branham London 23 February 1785 7 Although a transcription of Branham's trial at the Old Bailey is not listed, her sentence is listed in the Old Bailey Punishment Summaries for the 23 February 1785.[61]
James Brannegan Exeter 7 aka Branagan Charlotte
William Brewer Exeter 7 Charlotte
William Brice Bristol 7
John Brindley Warwick 7
Mary Broad Exeter 7 aka Braund or Brand. Pregnant when boarded ship and a daughter was born on voyage. Broad became the wife of William Bryant and they had a son. She and a group a convicts managed to escape the colony and returned to England. Charlotte
William Brough Stafford 7
James Brown Hertford 7
Richard Brown Reading 7
Thomas Brown London 30 April 1783 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey (with Joseph Dunnage) for stealing one chariot glass door (22s).[62]
Thomas Brown c. 1762 Exeter 29 Oct 1783 7 Became husband of Elizabeth Barber Charlotte
William Brown Southwark 7
William Brown Exeter 7 died at sea, 19 September 1787 Charlotte
Elizabeth Bruce London 10 January 1787 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey (with Elizabeth Anderson) of stealing three linen table-cloths (15s) and two aprons (5s).[27]
Robert Bruce Exeter 7 Charlotte
John Bryant Exeter 7 Charlotte
Michael Bryant London 10 December 1783 14 Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing one black cloth coat (5s), one striped silk waistcoat (2s 6d), one velvet waistcoat (2s 6d), one pair of cloth breeches (2s 6d), one pair of fustain breeches (2s 6d), one hat (1s), one handkerchief (9d), and three pair of stockings (1s 6d).[63] Friendship
Thomas Bryant Maidstone 7
William Bryant Launceston 7 Charlotte
Joseph Buckley c. 1748 Dorchester 16 March 1786 7 Convicted at Dorchester of stealing a purse containing 43s on 16 March 1786. He was described by the wardens on the Dunkirk prison hulk as "tolerably decent and orderly."[64] Buckley left the colony in 1793 on the Kitty as a servant to the surgeons Dennis Considen and Mr Cranston (HMS DiscoveryHMS Discovery (1789)) Charlotte
John Bufley
Margaret Bunn c. 1762 London 26 April 1786 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing one linen handkerchief (6d), one cotton handkerchief (2s), and twelve halfpence (6d), and one shilling in money.[65] Her occupation was listed as servant. She married Thomas M'Lean on 18 March 1788. He left her upon the completion of his sentence in 1791. Bunn died in 1825.[66] Lady Penrhyn
Sarah Burdo c. 1764 London 25 October 1786. 7 aka Burdoe/Bordeaux. Convicted at the Old Bailey (with Rebecca Davidson) of stealing three guineas (£3 3s) and one half guinea (10s 6d). Burdo was alluded to being a prostitute during the trial.[67] Her occupation was listed as dressmaker.[68] She died in 1834 in Sydney, NSW. Lady Penrhyn
Mary Burkitt c. 1757 London 30 August 1786 7 alias Martha Valentine, a.k.a.Martha/Patience/Pacence Burkitt. Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing one handkerchief (1s), one rule (6d) and six shillings in money.[69] Her occupation was listed as Servant. She married James Davis on 13 February 1788 and both were sent to Norfolk Island on 2 October 1788.[70][71] Lady Penrhyn
James Burleigh London 7 July 1784 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey (with George Barland) for stealing one cloth great coat (20s).[42]
Patrick Burn
Peter Burn London 10 September 1783 7 No mention of Peter Burn, but a Peter Bourne was tried at the Old Bailey for stealing one large wooden cask bound with iron hoops (10s), and thirty-six gallons of porter (30s).[72]
Simon Burn
James Burne London 21 April 1784 Death commuted to 7 Originally sentenced to death at the Old Bailey for assault and stealing by highway robbery one black silk bonnet (4s), and one silver hat pin (4d) on 25 February 1784.[73] His sentence was commuted to 7 years transportation on 21 April 1784.[74]
Samuel Burridge Dorchester 7 Charlotte
William Butler London 7 July 1784 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey (with Andrew Goodwin) of stealing 200lbs of lead (20s).[75] "Scarborough"

C[edit]

Reference - First Fleet Database of the University of Wollongong[2]

Name Date
of
birth
Place
of
conviction
Date
of
conviction
Sentence Other information Transport ship
John Caesar c. 1763 Maidstone 7 The first Australian bushranger and one of the first people of recent African descent to arrive in Australia. Alexander
James Campbell London Death commuted to 7 alias George Campbell. Convicted of highway robbery in 1784. Death sentence commuted to transportation for 7 years.[76] Scarborough
James Campbell Guildford 7
Ann Carey Taunton 7 Charlotte
Mary Carroll c. 1751 London 25 Oct 1786 7 Carroll married John Nicholls in Sydney March 1788. Lived with William Thompson on Norfolk Island. Lady Penrhyn
Richard Carter Shrewsbury alias Cartwright
John Carney Exeter 7
Francis Carty Bodmin 7
Joseph Carver Maidstone 7
James Castle London 7
William Chaaf Exeter 7 Charlotte
Thomas Chaddick London 7
Edward Chanin Exeter 7 Died at sea on 8 Jan 1788 Charlotte
William Chields
Samuel Chinery Exeter 7 Charlotte
William Church Dorchester 7 Charlotte
Elizabeth Clark
John Clark London 7 alias Hosier. Died at sea on 6 Jun 1787. Charlotte
William Clark London 7
John Clarke Exeter 7
George Clear
Mary Cleaver Bristol 7 Son, James, born on voyage in 1787. Charlotte
Thomas Clements London 7
Richard Clough Durham 7
John Coffin Exeter 7 Charlotte
Elizabeth Cole Exeter 7
Elizabeth Cole London 7
William Cole London 7
Elizabeth Colley London 14
Richard Collier Kingstone 7
Joseph Colling London 7
Ishmael Colman Dorchester 7 Died at sea on 29 May 1787 Charlotte
Ann Colpitts Durham 7
Ann Coombes c. 1760 Taunton, Somerset 30 Mar 1786 7 Became wife of John Bryant. Lived with James Bryan Cullen. Charlotte
Cornelius Conelly Exeter 7
William Connelly Bristol 7
William Connolly Bodmin 7
COOK, ? London 7
Mary Cooper Worcester 7
James Copp Exeter 7 Charlotte
James Corden Warwick 7
Edward Cormick Hertford 7
James Cox Charlotte
John Matthew Cox London 7 July 1784 7 aka Banbury Jack. Convicted at the Old Bailey (with John Pontie) of stealing thirteen yards of lace (£5).[77] He alluded to being a sailor during his trial. Originally sentenced to death, overturned to transportation for life on 23 February 1785.[78]
Taylor Crabtree New Sarum 7
John Creamer Exeter 7 Charlotte
Jane Creek London 1785 7 Worked as a butcher of birds and seller of feathers. Convicted of stealing and sentenced to seven years transportation. Worked on Norfolk Island from 1790 to 1796.[79] Lady Penrhyn
John Cropper London 14 Dec 1785 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey (with John Barferd) of stealing one hair trunk (12d), four silk gowns (40s), one silk apron (2s), six linen ruffled shirts (30s), one plain linen ditto (3s), six stocks (6s), a silk cloak trimmed with fur (5s), two linen gowns (20s), one petticoat (4s), six children's night-gowns (5s), a yard of printed cotton (12d) two linen table-cloths (10s), one child's linen clout (12d), one silk petticoat (5s), a counterpane (10s), six pillow-cases (12d) a pair of stays (4s), one box iron (12d), a pair of steel snuffers (12d) a snuffer-stand (6d), a blanket (6d), six yards of silk ribbon (12d), one gauze cap (1d).[41]
William Cross Coventry 7
Thomas Restell Crowder c. 1758 London 4 Dec 1782 Death commuted to Life aka Thomas Ristol Crowder. Became husband of Sarah Davies. Alexander
William Cuckow
Jacob Cudlip Bodmin 7 alias Norris
James Bryan Cullen c. 1742 London 6 Apr 1785 7 Lived with Ann Coombes. Scarborough
John Cullyhorn Exeter 7
Edward Cunningham London 7
John Cuss New Sarum 7 alias Hunsboy Charlotte

D[edit]

Reference - First Fleet Database of the University of Wollongong[2]

Name Date
of
birth
Place
of
conviction
Date
of
conviction
Sentence Other information Transport ship
Richard Day Reading 7
Edward Davies Stafford 7
Samuel Day Glocester
Samuel Davis Glocester 7
William Davis
James Davis London 8 Dec 1784 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing from William Farrington on 28 October 1784 one man's cloth great coat (5s), one petticoat (10s), one gown (4s), one handkerchief (3s), one silk handkerchief (2s), two other handkerchiefs (2s), one pair of sheets (7s), two shirts (4s), two shifts (4s), one apron (2s), two aprons (1s 6d), two yards of white thread lace (4s) and one yard and a half of linen cloth (12d).[80] Davis married Mary Burkitt in February 1788 and both were sent to Norfolk Island in October.[81][82] Scarborough
Daniel Daniels London 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing from Joseph Solomons on 21 May 1784 one copper pot with a copper cover (4s), one pewter dish (6d), one pewter porringer (3d), and one pair of shoes (6d).[83] Daniels received 32 lashes for theft of flour in May 1791.[84][85]
Richard Dick[citation needed] London 7
John Davidson London Death commuted to 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey of burglary from Jane Box; one black bombazeen gown and petticoat (5s), one silk cloak (6s), one shift body (3d), four pair of linen sleeves (1s), two linen aprons (2s), two check aprons (6d), three laced caps (3s), one silver tea spoon, (1s), one muslin shawl (1s), one silk handkerchief (3s), one black silk apron (1s). Stealing from James Barkley; one linen stock (6d), two linen table cloths (10s), one silver table spoon (4s), one cotton bed gown (1s), one shaul (1s), and one linen apron (1s). Stealing from Eleanor Clegg, (with Benjamin Barlow, aged ten years, and Daniel Love, both acquitted) two linen aprons (6d) on 25 February 1784.[86][87] The sentenced of death was commuted to 7 years transportation on 23 February 1785.[88] Scarborough
William Davis Brecon Life
Richard Davis
Ann Daley Nether Knutsfo 7 Mrs Gore Daley
Margaret Darnell London 7
Ann Davis London 7
Elizabeth Dalton London 7 Lady Penrhyn
Rebecca Davidson London 7 Mrs Robert Davidson was convicted at the Old Bailey (with Sarah Burdo) of stealing three guineas (£3 3s) and one half guinea (10s 6d).[67]
Margaret Dawson c. 1770 London 7 De facto relationship with William Balmain. Lady Penhryn
Frances Davis Chelmsford 14
Sarah Davies Worcester 7 aka DAVIS. Became wife of Thomas Crowder. Lady Penrhyn
Mary Davies Shrewsbury 7
Michael Dennison Poole 7
Barnaby Denison Bristol 7
Patrick Delany
Thomas Dickson Durham 7 alias Ralph RAW
Timothy Discall Bodmin 7
Mary Dixon London 7
Mary Dickenson Southwark 7 Became wife of William Eggleton Lady Penrhyn
William Douglas Lincoln 7
Ferdinand Dowland London 7
James Dodding aka DORING
William Dring Kingston upon 7
Joseph Dunnage London 7 years commuted to Life Convicted at the Old Bailey (with Thomas Brown) for stealing one chariot glass door (22s) on 30 April 1783 to seven years transportation.[62] This sentence was later commuted to transportation for life on 21 April 1784 for reasons currently undiscovered.[74]
Elizabeth Dudgens London 7 aka Dudgeon. Convicted at the Old Bailey (with Susannah Garth) for stealing by pickpocketing nine guineas, value £9 9s and one half-guinea, value 10s and 6 pence in monies on 10 September 1783. Friendship

then from Cape
Charlotte

Jane Dundass London 7
Ann Dutton London 7
Leonard Deyer Southwark 7
Mary Dykes London 7

E[edit]

Reference - First Fleet Database of the University of Wollongong[2]

Name Date
of
birth
Place
of
conviction
Date
of
conviction
Sentence Other information Transport ship
William Eggleton Kingston 7 aka Eagleton, alias Bones Alexander
William Earle New Sarum 7
Rachel Early Reading 7
Martha Eaton
Mary Eaton alias Shepherd
Thomas Eccles Guildford Life
William Edmunds Monmouth 7
William Edwards Westminster 7
George Eggleston Maidstone 7
Deborah Elam Chester 7
Peter Ellam Ormskirk 7
Joseph Elliot Croydon 7
William Elliot Croydon 7
Nicholas English London 7
Elizabeth Evans London 7
William Evans Shrewsbury 7
John Everett Hertford 7
Matthew Everingham London 7 Shortly before his conviction he was employed as a 'servant' by an attorney of the Middle Temple, hence the subsequent references to him as 'attorney's clerk'. Allegedly 'in great distress' he had obtained two books by false pretences from the servant of another attorney, and these he had offered for sale. Later married Elizabeth Rymes of London who arrived on the Neptune 1790. Scarborough

F[edit]

Reference - First Fleet Database of the University of Wollongong[2]

Name Date
of
birth
Place
of
conviction
Date
of
conviction
Sentence Other information Transport ship
William Farley Bristol 7
Ann Farmer London
Phillip Farrell London 7
Benjamin Fentum London 7
John Ferguson Exeter 7 Charlotte
Thomas Fillesey Bristol 7
Jane Fitzgerald London 7 alias Phillips Charlotte
William Field
John Finlow alias Hervey
Jane Field London
Elizabeth Fitzgerald London 7
Edward Flyn
Phebe Flarty London 7 Flarty and Ann Parsley were convicted for stealing three muslin shawls (30s) from Robert Hincksman in Holborn.
Francis Fowkes London 7
Robert Forrester London 7[89]
William Foyle New Sarum 7 Charlotte
Ann Fowles London 16 April 1785 7 Convicted for the theft of gowns and petticoats (£2 16s).[90] Transported with her four-year-old daughter Mary, who was made a ward of the state and resettled on Norfolk Island.[25][91] Lady Penrhyn
Margaret Fownes Shrewsbury 7 Lady Penrith
Ann Forbes Kingston 7
James Freeman Hertford 7
Robert Freeman London 7
William Francis London 7
George Francisco London 8 December 1784 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey for stealing three linen shirts (3s), one pair of stockings (6d), and four guineas (£4 4s). Claimed to have been formerly in a French prison for three years and that he had served in some naval capacity.[92]
George Fry 7
Catherine Fryer alias Prior
William Fraser Manchester 7 aka Frazer Charlotte
Ellen Fraser Manchester 7
John Fuller Manchester 7

G[edit]

Reference - First Fleet Database of the University of Wollongong[2]

Name Date
of
birth
Place
of
conviction
Date
of
conviction
Sentence Other information Transport ship
Francis Gardner London 7
Edward Garth London 7
Francis Garland Exeter 7 Charlotte
Susannah Garth London 10 September 1783 7 aka Grath. Convicted at the Old Bailey (with Elizabeth Dudgens) for stealing by pickpocketing nine guineas (£9 9s) and one half-guinea (10s 6d). On Friendship and from Rio on Charlotte. Friendship and Charlotte
Mary Gabel Southwark 7 Lady Penrhyn
Olive/Olivia Gascoygne Worcester 7 Lady Penrhyn
Thomas Gearing Oxford Life
George Gess Gloucester 7
Anne George London 7 Lady Penrhyn
Thomas Glenton Northallerton 7
William Gloster London 7
Daniel Gordon Winchester 7
Edward Goodwin London 7
Andrew Goodwin London 7 July 1784 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey (with William Butler) of stealing 200lbs of lead (20s).[75]
John Gould Exeter 7 Charlotte
Charles Gray Southwark 7
Samuel Griffiths Gloucester alias Briscow
Nicholas Greenwell London 7
John Green Reading 7
Thomas Griffiths London 7
Charles Granger Plymouth 7
James Grace
Hannah Green On Friendship then from Rio on board Charlotte Friendship and Charlotte
Mary Groves Lincoln 7
Mary Green London 7
GREEN, Ann Green London 7
Mary (?) Greenwood London 7
William Gunter Bristol 7

H[edit]

Reference - First Fleet Database of the University of Wollongong[2]

Name Date
of
birth
Place
of
conviction
Date
of
conviction
Sentence Other information Transport ship
John Hadon c. 1756 Exeter 7 Aka Haydon, Haidon. Hadon was originally convicted with Simon Burn for highway robbery and stealing 39s on 11 August 1783.[93] Hadon was part of the Mercury Mutiny in April 1784. There is no record of Hadon's trial following the mutiny, but he was transported once again. A report from the Dunkirk hulk describes Hadon as "troublesome at times".[94] In January 1789, Hadon was ordered to receive 100 lashes for being absent from work for three days. Charlotte
Richard Hagley c. 1743 Winchester 2 March 1784 Death commuted to 7 Aka Agely. Hagley was convicted at Winchester for assault and highway robbery (2s).[95] Sentenced to death, it was commuted to 7 years transportation. Hagley married Ann Wicks in March 1792 at Port Jackson. In 1795 he was employed as a labourer in the Windsor area. In 1828 he was employed as a stock keeper in Pitt Town. Hagley died on 10 August 1841 at Windsor.[96] Scarborough
Joseph Haines Gloucester 7
Elizabeth Hall Newcastle 7
John Hall Exeter 7 Charlotte
Joseph Hall Exeter Life Charlotte
Margaret Hall
Samuel Hall London 7
Sarah Hall London 17 January 1787 7 alias Hammond. Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing two gowns (14s), a bed gown (6d) pence, a shirt (4d), a sheet (18d), two waistcoats (2s 6d), two aprons (5s), a cloak (6d), five handkerchiefs (18d), and three pair of stockings (18d). Lady Penrhyn
Maria Hamilton London 19 October 1785 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing one linen gown (21s), nine yards and a half of linen trimming (2ss 3d), one silk and cotton gown (6s), one black stuff flounced petticoat (6s), one apron (12d), one black silk bonnet (12d) and 9s 6d in money (Guilty of stealing 39s total).
William Hamlin Exeter 7 aka Hamlyn Charlotte
John Handford Winchester 7
Dorothy Handland London 22 February 1786 7 alias Gray. Convicted at the Old Bailey of perjury in her evidence given at the trial of William Till at the Old Bailey in December 1785.
Cooper Handy
Joseph Harbine London 7
Joshua Harper London 7
William Harris Maidstone 7
John Harris London Life Scarborough
Joseph Harrison London 7
Mary Harrison Lincoln 7
Mary Harrison London 19 October 1785 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey (with Charlotte Springmore) for willfully destroying and defacing one cloth cotton gown (10s) of Susannah Edhouse, and for "making an assault on her". Harrison was said to be a prostitute during the trial.
Frances Hart Friendship and Charlotte
John Hart London 12 January 1785 7 Convicted of stealing one linen cloth (1d), one rush basket (2d), 16lbs of mutton (6s), 3lbs of cheese (15d), 4lbs of butter (2s), 4oz of tea (15d), 2lbs of moist sugar (10d), 1lb of loaf sugar (8d). Hart was working as a porter at the time of his arrest and had recently been discharged as a Sergeant.[97] Hart married Flora Lara/Zarah in February 1788 in Sydney. Hart was sent to Norfolk Island in February 1789. He died there on 3 January 1795.
Catherine Hart London 8 December 1784 7 Convicted of stealing three gowns (20s), a silk petticoat (3s), a dimity petticoat (3s), five shirts (20s), four shirts (8s) and 3 bonnets (3s). The total value was 49s. The court argued that if the items stolen were above 40s then the sentence would be death. The prosecutor claimed they were worth 30s in order to save the life of Hart.
John Hart Stafford 7
John Hartley Oxford 7
Ester Harwood London 30 October 1786 7 aka Howard. Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing one silver watch (20s), two iron keys (1s), one half guinea and two shillings in money.
John Hatch Reading 7
John Hatcher Winchester 7
William Hatfield Maidstone 7
Henry Hathaway Gloucester 7
Joseph Hattom York 7 years Scarborough
Thomas Hawell Stafford 7
Dennis Hayes London 8 December 1784 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey of highway robbery with a knife.
John Hayes Guildford 7
John Haydon Charlotte
William Ha?es
William Haynes
George Hayton London 7 aka Clayton
Elizabeth Hayward London 10 January 1787 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing a linen gown (4s), a silk bonnet (2s) and a bath cloak (1s).
Richard Head Reading 7
James Heading Chelmsford Life
Thomas Headington Abingdon 7
Catherine Henry London 10 January 1787 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey for stealing three muslin shawls (50s).
Jane Herbert London 30 August 1786 7 alias Rose, also known as Jenny Russell. Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing one promisory note (£20). Prince of Wales
John Herbert London 21 April 1784 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing a silk handkerchief (1s). Charlotte
John Herbert Exeter 7
Elizabeth Hervey Friendship and Charlotte
John Hill Maidstone Life
John Hill London 26 May 1784 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing one linen handkerchief (6s).
Mary Hill London 25 October 1786 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing by highway robbery a gilt watch in an enamel case (£3), a blue watch ribbon (1d), a gold seal (20s) and a gold key (5s). Suggested to be a prostitute during her trial.
Thomas Hill London 7 July 1784 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing one pair of linen sheets (10s), one cotton gown (7s), one check linen apron (12d), one cloth cloak (6d).
Thomas Hill 7
William Hilt Exeter Life
William Hindley Ormskirk 7 alias Platt
Ottiwell Hindle Preston 7
Elizabeth Hipsley London 7
William Hogg London 21 April 1784 14 Convicted at the Old Bailey of Deception and Forgery by unlawfully stamping certain wares, with a certain mark and stamp in imitation of, and to resemble the said mark and stamp of the Lion and unlawfully, wilfully, and knowingly had, and were possessed of a certain mark and stamp, that was made to resemble the said mark and stamp (that of the Worshipful Company of Goldsmiths).
William Holland Exeter 7
Job Hollister Bristol 7
Elizabeth Hollogin London 7
James Holloway London 20 October 1784 7 Convicted of stealing at the Old Bailey a silk handkerchief (3s).
Susannah Holmes Accompanied by young son Henry. Friendship and Charlotte
William Holmes London 7 July 1784 7 Convicted of stealing at the Old Bailey one linen handkerchief (2s).
James Hortopp Exeter 7 Charlotte
John Howard London 7
Thomas Howard London 12 January 1785 7 Convicted of stealing at the Old Bailey to the value of 39s.
William Hubbard Surrey 24 March 1784 7 Convicted of theft in the Kingston Assizes Scarborough
John Hudson[98][99] 1775 London Dec 1783 7[100] Hudson was 8 yrs old when convicted in Dec 1783. He was 12 yrs old when he arrived in Jan 1788. Friendship
Susannah Huffnell Worcester 7
Frances Ann Hughes Lancaster 7
Hugh Hughes Southwark 7 "Alexander"
John Hughes Maidstone 7
Thomas Hughes
Edward Humphreys London 8 December 1784 7[101] aka Humphries. Convicted at the Old Bailey for stealing one cloth great coat (30s) and one pair of leather boots (10s). Scarborough
Henry Humphreys Exeter 7 Charlotte
Mary Humphries London
Jeremiah Hurley Exeter 7
William Husband London 7
James Hussey
Thomas Huxley Warwick 7 alias Jones
Thomas Hylids Guildford 7

I[edit]

Reference - First Fleet Database of the University of Wollongong[2]

Name Date
of
birth
Place
of
conviction
Date
of
conviction
Sentence Other information Transport ship
Ann Inett c. 1757 Worcester 11 March 1786 Death commuted to 7 Inett, a Mantua maker from Grimley, was convicted for stealing 1 petticoat (20s) with force of arms.[102] Her death sentence was commuted to 7 years.[103] In February 1788, Inett was sent to Norfolk Island where she lived with Philip Gidley King, Second Lieutenant in the Royal Marines and had two sons, Norfolk and Sydney.[104] They returned to Port Jackson in March 1790. In October King left alone for England. There he married his cousin, Anna Josepha Coombe and returned with her as Lieutenant-Governor of Norfolk Island, and later Governor of New South Wales. Probably at King's arrangement, Inett married Second Fleeter Richard John Robinson. In 1796 Inett's sons went to England with King. In 1800 Inett was given land in Parramatta where she and Robinson had an inn, the 'Yorkshire Grey'.[105] In 1820 she left on the Admiral Cockburn. Nothing further of Inett is known. Lady Penrhyn
Benjamin Ingram c. 1768 London 8 December 1784 7 aka Ingraham. A pickpocket, he was convicted for stealing one linen handkerchief (1s) on 8 November 1784.[106] Sentenced to transportation to Africa, he was ultimately sent New South Wales.[107] He was sentenced to 100 lashes for stealing 2lbs of flour, and absconding in 1789.[108] Ingram was sent to Norfolk Island in January 1790.[109] He escaped in June and received 300 lashes. In 1792 Ingram was caught stealing and was sentenced to life on the island. On 26 January 1795, Ingram ended his life by suicide. Scarborough
John Irvine c. 1761 Lincoln 6 March 1784 7 aka Irvin, Aderson, Anderson, Law. Irvine, a surgeon, was convicted for stealing a silver cup.[110] On the voyage and after arrival Irvine proved his worth as a surgeon. On 26 February 1790, his sentence was cancelled and all civil rights and privileges were restored, becoming the first convict to be emancipated. He was posted to Norfolk Island as Assistant Surgeon in March. In May 1791, Irvine returned to Port Jackson. He died in September 1795, before he received news of his formal appointment as Assistant Surgeon with a salary of £50 per year. Scarborough

J[edit]

Reference - First Fleet Database of the University of Wollongong[2]

Name Date
of
birth
Place
of
conviction
Date
of
conviction
Sentence Other information Transport ship
William Jackson Durham 7
David Jacobs London 20 October 1784 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey for stealing two livery cloth great coats (40s).
John Jacobs London 7
Hannah Jackson Bristol 7
Joseph Jaget Exeter 7
James Jameson
Jane Jackson London alias Esther Robert Lady Penrhyn
Mary Jackson London 30 August 1786 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey for stealing a total of 6 shillings. Lady Penrhyn
Robert Jeffries Devizes 7
John Jefferies Maidstone 7
Robert Jenkins Maidstone 7 alias Brown
John Jepp London 23 February 1785 7 Conviction mentioned in the Old Bailey Punishment Summary.
William Jenkins Exeter 7
Francis Jones Winchester 7
Charles Johnson Manchester 7 Alexander
Edward Jones London 15 September 1784 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey for stealing 6 watch movements (20s), 185 watch movements framed (£4), 1 brass watch cap (6d), 48 centre watch wheels and pin (12s), 76 watch barrels and harbours (15s), 66 great watch wheels and fuzees (24s), 21 cantright watch wheels (2s), 237 small watch pins (16s), 248 watch screw wheels (5s), 9 watch studs (6d), 17 watch vergers (2s), 30 watch balances (18d), 3 turnbenches (5s), a pair of men's shoes (6d), a pair of buckles (6d), a spectacle case mounted with steel (6d), and a linen sheet (3s).
Thomas Josephs London 7
William Johnson Kingston 7
Stephen Johns Launceston 7
Margaret Jones Launceston 14
Edward Johnson Dorcester 7
John Jones Exeter 14
William Jones Shewsbury 7
Richard Jones Shewsbury 7
Thomas Jones Bristol 14
Catherine Johnson London 7
Mary Johnson London 7

K[edit]

Reference - First Fleet Database of the University of Wollongong[2]

Name Date
of
birth
Place
of
conviction
Date
of
conviction
Sentence Other information Transport ship
Henry Kable c. 1767 Thetford 14 Mar 1783 Death commuted to 7 aka Cable Friendship
John Kellan c. 1765 London 10 Sep 1783 Death commuted to Life aka John Herbert Keeling. Convicted of stealing one steel hilted sword (10s) on 30 April 1783 and sentenced to 7 years transportation in America.[111] Returned from transportation with 24 other convicts after taking control of the Swift in which he was to be transported. He was apprehended peacefully in August 1783 in Sandhurst, Kent.[112] He was convicted for returning from transportation and sentenced to death,[113] later commuted to transportation for life.[50] Scarborough
Thomas Kelly c. 1764 Pontefract 13 Jan 1785 7 Alexander
Martha Kennedy c. 1756 Kingston 9 Apr 1787 7 Prince of Wales
Thomas Kidney c. 1764 Bristol 30 Oct 1782 7 aka Kidner Alexander
William Kilby c. 1737 Reading 16 Jan 1784 Death commuted to Life Alexander
John King c. 1754 London 21 Apr 1784 7 Convicted for stealing one man's box great coat (18s) and one linen towel (6d). Scarborough
David Kilpack c. 1760 London 10 Sep 1783 Death commuted to Life aka Killpack. Originally sentenced to 7 years transportation to America for theft of one live turkey cock (1s 6d), one live cock (1s), two live hens (1s), and two live ducks (1s) on 26 February 1783.[114] He was part of a group of 24 convicts lead principally by John Kellan which overthrew their transportation vessel bound for America and returned to Britain. He was tried for returning from transportation and sentenced to death, but the sentence was commuted to transportation for life.[50] Scarborough
Edward Kimberly c. 1765 Coventry 20 Mar 1783 7 aka Kimberley. Kimberly was convicted of Grand Larceny. He was a Night watch member in 1805. Described by convicts in his charge as sadistic, and "considered the convicts of Norfolk island no better than heathens," and that "women were born for the convenience of men".[115] He died in 1829. Scarborough
John Knowler c. 1762 Maidstone 16 Mar 1785 7 aka Nowland. Knowler, a labourer, was convicted of robbery of a coat, gloves and shoes (9s).[116] He died in 1822 in Van Diemans Land.[117] Alexander
Andrew Knowland c. 1755 London 10 Sep 1783 Death commuted to 7 a.k.a.Roman, Ronan, Rowland. Convicted at the Old Bailey for fraud of a shipmate onboard HMS Nemesis.[118] Originally sentenced to death, it was commuted to transportation at a later date.[119] Knowland was involved in the mutiny aboard the convict ship the Swift which set sail for the Americas in 1784. He was captured and sent to Australia.[120] During his incarceration awaiting transportation, Andrew was referred to as "troublesome" by his jailers aboard the Dunkirk prison hulk.[121] Friendship

L[edit]

Reference - First Fleet Database of the University of Wollongong[2]

Name Date
of
birth
Place
of
conviction
Date
of
conviction
Sentence Other information Transport ship
David Lankey c. 1760 London 26 May 1784 7 Lankey, a tailor, was convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing one silk handkerchief (2s).[122][123] Lankey was sent to Norfolk Island in March 1790.[124] In June 1790 he was sentenced to 300 lashes for absconding. Lankey returned to Port Jackson in 1791 where he worked as a tailor for many years. Scarborough
Richard Lane Winchester 2 Mar 1784 7 Aka Lyne. Lane was convicted at Winchester of stealing a watch and other goods (160s).[125] Lane was sent to Norfolk Island from Port Jackson in March 1790. He returned to Port Jackson in March 1793.[126] Scarborough
John Lawrell Bodmin 18 Aug 1783 7 Lawrell was convicted of stealing a silver table spoon (5s). He was described as "sometimes troublesome" on the Dunkirk Hulk.[127] Lawrell was sent to Norfolk Island in February 1789.[128] In August 1789, he could only receive 61 of 100 lashes ordered for gambling on Sunday. He received remaining 39 lashes in September. Lawrell returned to Port Jackson in 1791. In 1792, he established a farm at Eastern Farms. Lawrell died on 23 February 1796 at Mulgrave Place. Scarborough
William Lane c. 1756 Chelmsford 28 Jul 1784 7 Lane, a labourer. was convicted of stealing 320lbs of pickled pork, 8lbs of salted butter, 6 gallons of shrub, 6 gallons of brandy, 6 gallons of peppermint water, three 6 gallon casks and a brass cock (5s).[129][130] Lane was sentenced to transportation originally to America. In 1790 he received two thousand lashes for stealing 13lbs of biscuits. In 1796 he received a grant of 30 acres on the banks of the Hawkesbury River. In 1802, Lane conveyed his grant to John Palmer for £50. By 1806, Lane was mustered as renting five acres of land at Richmond Hill. In 1814 he mustered as a landholder in the Liverpool district. Lane died on 30 September 1815 in Airds, New South Wales. Scarborough
James Larne Exeter 12 Jul 1785 7 Aka La Rue. Larne was convicted for an unknown felony.[131] Reports from Dunkirk hulk state that Larne was "troublesome at times". In 1791, Larne was on Norfolk Island. That same year, Larne received 50 lashes for theft. In November Larne was caught robbing a house and received 546 of 800 lashes ordered and had his ration of flour limited to five pounds per week as well, he was required to work for one month in heavy irons. In February 1805, James was listed in the Norfolk Island muster as a vagrant. In 1808, Larne went to Van Diemens Land on the City of Edinburgh. He died of exposure while intoxicated on 20 July 1816. His death was reported in the "Hobart Town Gazette" as "Jemmy La Rou, a poor maniac whose death was occasioned by being exposed to the severities of the weather in a state of intoxication. He was a poor harmless being." Charlotte
John Lambeth c. April 1763[132] Bristol 29 Mar 1785 Death commuted to 7 Lambeth, a blacksmith from Fillongly, Warwickshire, was sentenced to death for stealing a promissory note and money (172s).[133] Lambeth was referred to as "tolerably decent and orderly" by his jailers aboard the Dunkirk Prison Hulk. He died on 2 July 1788. Friendship
Henry Lavell Henry London 11 Sep 1782 Death commuted to Life Aka Lovell. Lavell, an Ivory Turner and servant, was convicted for counterfeiting £10 10s.[134] He was defended by John Silvester, but was sentenced to death.[135][136] Lavell's sentence was later commuted to transportation for life.[137] Lavell was involved in the Mercury Mutiny.[120] During his incarceration in the Dunkirk hulk, Lavell's behaviour was described as "in general tolerably well behaved but troublesome at times."[138] In February 1788 Lavell stole food from public stores. Lavell was sentenced to hang for this, but the decision was changed to banishment and he was eventually confined in irons on Pinchgut Island in Sydney Harbour.[139] He was released on the King's Birthday in June 1788. In January 1790 Lavell was sent to Norfolk Island, and returned to Port Jackson in March 1793. In 1801 Lavell was listed as having returned to England after receiving a full pardon. Friendship
Flora Lara Flora London 21 Jan 1787 7 Aka Zarah. Lara was convicted for stealing a Mahogany tea chest and money (5s).[140] She was described in the court records as "an evil disposed person". Lara married John Hart in Sydney in February 1788. She was sent to Norfolk Island in November 1789, following John who had been sent in February of that year. She returned to Port Jackson some time before 1814, when she was mustered at Parramatta. Prince of Wales
Caroline Laycock London 30 Mar 1785 7 Aka Haycock. Laycock was convicted for petty larceny.[141] Laycock had a daughter by a sailor, who was baptised in September 1788. She was listed as having cohabited with a number of people in New South Wales; Robert Hosborn, Robert Bruce, Mark Turner, William Shepherd, William Smyth and Henry Heatley.[141] In July 1789 Laycock was sentenced to 50 lashes for helping William Boggis steal a shirt. Laycock had daughter by Robert Bruce in 1790. She also bore three sons to a second fleeter Mark Turner. Laycock married Henry Heatley in May 1810 but separated from him in 1814. She died in Sydney Hospital on 17 March 1830. Prince of Wales
Jane Langley 16 Sep 1761 London 29 Jul 1785 7 Langley, a tambour embroider, was convicted (with Mary Phyn) of stealing £5 9s 6d in September 1785.[142] During the trial, Langley and Phyn committed perjury with the aid of a smith who lived in their street, John Jeffery Smith.[143] Smith was later convicted on 19 October 1785 for the offence. At their trial, with the offence of perjury made clear, the Judge James Adair sentenced them to seven years transportation. She was described as tall with very curly hair, "quite a black complexioned woman, and her hair grows over her forehead all rough."[144] Langley was pregnant at the time of her transportation. She gave birth to a daughter, Henrietta, in September 1787. Philip Scriven or Thomas Gilbert, the master of the Lady Penrhyn, is suspected to be the father.[145] During the voyage her young son Philip travelled with her. She cohabited with Philip Scriven. She was sent to Norfolk Island in March 1790 with Henrietta. She later married Thomas Chipp, a marine. The couple had 7 children together and left Norfolk Island in 1794. She died on 18 February 1836. Lady Penrhyn
Mary Lawrence c. 1754 London 26 May 1784 7 Lawrence was convicted for stealing one pair of silver salt spoons (3s), five silver table spoons (30s), two silver tea spoons (2s), one pair of tea tongs (3s), a silk gown (15s), two muslin gowns (20s), one muslin petticoat (20s), one pair of stone buckles (2s), a shagreen case (2d), a gold locket (2s), two gold mourning rings (4s), two silk cloaks (5s), one camblet cloak (1s), two linen table cloths (2s, from Lillias Warden, from Elizabeth Delayne one silk gown (10s), and one muslin apron (2s), and from Ann Pearson one satin petticoat (3s), one cotton gown (3s) and one dimity petticoat (2s) on 21 April 1784.[146] She was sentenced to 7 years transportation.[147] She was married to a man named John Lawrence.[148] In New South Wales, Lawrence married William Worsdell in May 1788.[149] She died in Sydney on 17 May 1804. Lady Penrhyn
Isaac Lemon Isaac Chelmsford 7 Mar 1785 7 Lemon, a labourer, was convicted for stealing a bay gelding horse (200s).[150] Originally sentenced to death, Lemon's sentence was commuted to 7 years transportation. He died during the voyage on board the Alexander on 11 March 1787.[151] Alexander
Joseph Levy London 26 May 1784 7 Levy was convicted for stealing on 1 May 1784 one copper kettle (8s).[152] In February 1788, Levy was charged with insolence to William Parr, a convict overseer. Levy was sentenced to 100 lashes but this was later forgiven. He died on 15 April 1788 at Port Jackson, and was said to be the first Jewish person to be buried in Australia.[153][154] Scarborough
John Leary Winchester 3 Mar 1783 Death commuted to 7 Leary was convicted at Winchester of assault and robbery of 133s upon the King's highway with Joseph Morley, Francis Garland and Henry Roach.[155] Originally sentenced to death, Leary's sentence was commuted to 7 years transportation. He married Mary Jackson in February 1788 at Sydney Cove.[156] Leary was accused of beating his wife and they were ordered separated for a period of time in 1789. Leary left New South Wales in 1791. Scarborough
George Legg Dorchester 16 Mar 1786 7 Aka Legge. Legg, a shoemaker, was convicted for stealing a gold watch and other goods (140s). A report from the Dunkirk hulk described Legg as "tolerably decent and orderly".[157] In January 1789 Legg was sentenced to receive 100 lashes for illegally disposing of 2 chickens he did not own. In February 1790, he was sent to Norfolk Island. There he married Ann Armsden. Legg returned to Port Jackson with Armsden in July 1794. Legg was a Night Watch member. He died on 9 June 1807 during a storm, his remains were found in late July and buried on the 24th.[158] Charlotte
Jeremiah Leary Bristol 30 Mar 1784 Death commuted to 14 Leary was convicted with Thomas Jones for breaking, entering and stealing. He was sent to Norfolk Island in March 1790 an received the order to run "the Gauntlet among the Convicts" for theft in March 1790.[159][160] Leary died on Norfolk Island on 18 December 1807. Friendship
Stephen Legrove London 14 Jan 1784 7 Legrove, a waterman on the Thames, was convicted for stealing, on 9 December 1783, 118 Norwegian deal boards (£10).[161] Legrove was defended by John Silvester and prosecuted by William Garrow. Legrove was involved in the Mercury Mutiny in April 1784 and returned to England, landing at Torbay, where he was recaptured.[162] A report from the Dunkirk hulk describes Stephen as a "quiet" prisoner. He was later sent to New South Wales. Legrove received 50 lashes in March 1789 for being absent from work. He was a Night Watch member in August 1789. Legrove left New South Wales as a free man on 28 December 1791. His ship, the Matilda struck a shoal and sank on its way to Peru. The survivors headed for Tahiti using four of the small boats. In April 1792, William Bligh made landfall at Tahiti in the HMS Providence and rescued the survivors from the Matilda, Stephen Legrove was among those taken on board. He was offloaded at the end of the voyage at Deptford, England on 8 August 1793.[163] There is no trace of Legrove in records after this date. Friendship
Elizabeth Lee London 23 Feb 1785 7 Lee, a cook, was convicted for stealing, on 4 January 1785, 30 gallons of wine, called Red Port (£10), 12 gallons of other wine, called Malmsey Madeira (£12), 3 gallons of White Port (20s), 3 gallons of Malmsey Madeira (40s), 3 gallons of Claret (40s), 3 gallons of raisin wine (6s), 3 gallons of orange wine (6s), 3 gallons of Brandy (36s), 3 gallons of rum (36s), 3 gallons of Geneva (20s), one gallon of Arrack (16s), 424 glass bottles (£3 10s), 100 weight of tallow candles (50s), 2 linen stocks (4s), 2 pairs of stockings (5s), one gold ring with garnets (10s), and 2 crown pieces (10s).[164] Lee was defended by William Garrow at her trial.[165] Lee was transferred to Norfolk Island in February 1788.[166] She left Norfolk Island in April 1793 abord the Chesterfield, bound for Bengal via Port Jackson. Lady Penrhyn
Sophia Lewis London 25 Oct 1786 Death commuted to 7 Lewis was convicted for stealing on 22 October 1786 one cambrick handkerchief (1s), one linen ditto (1s), a coat (40s), a pen-knife (6d), a green silk purse (6d), two guineas (£2 2s), and 14s and 6d in money.[167] Lewis was alluded to being prostitute during the trial. She married James Walbourne in March 1788 at Port Jackson.[168] Walbourne and Lewis has two sons, William and James, and were sent to Norfolk Island in November 1791. Walbourne was charged with assaulting his wife in 1800, and they were ordered to divide their property and live apart, each with one child. Lewis took James, and Walbourne took William.[169] Lewis did not accompany her husband when he left the colony for Ceylon in 1814. Lewis, having previously attempted suicide, ended her life at Cockle Bay near Dawes point on 3 December 1816.[168] Lady Penrhyn
Elizabeth Leonard c. 1760 London 20 Oct 1784 7 Aka Leonell. Leonard, a servant, was convicted of assaulting and stealing 4s from another prisoner on 23 September 1784 whilst being held at New Prison, Clerkenwell.[170][171] Originally sentenced to death, Leonard's sentence was commuted to 7 years transportation.[172] She married John Cullyhorn/Callahan in February 1788 at Sydney Cove.[173] However, she left Cullyhorn to live with another man named John Curran. In January 1805, Curran charged Leonard with stripping all movable contents from their home. She was ordered to work for the Crown for two years and sent to Van Diemens Land. She died on 20 May 1807, and was buried St David's, Hobart. Lady Penrhyn
Amelia Levy Southwark 9 Jan 1787 7 Aka Mary Levy. Levy, a furrier, was convicted with Ann Martin at Southwark for stealing silk handkerchiefs.[174] She was described as Jewish. In January 1789, Levy admitted to the theft of a white linen shift and was sentenced to 50 lashes spread out over three consecutive Saturdays. In November Levy received an additional 50 lashes for abusing Marine Sergeant Clayfield. In March 1790, Levy was sent to Norfolk Island.[175] She married William Knight at Norfolk Island, and left aboard the Francis for Port Jackson in July 1794. No further record of Levy or her husband has been traced since. Lady Penrhyn
George List c. 1759 London 10 Sep 1783 Life Aka Lisk. List, a watchmaker, was convicted at the Old Bailey for assault on the King's highway (whilst aiding a robbery).[176][177] In July 1791 List established a farm on a 30-acre grant at Prospect Hill. He married Rose Burke in 1793 at Parramatta. In 1800 List was working a farm in Hawkesbury with William Butler.[178] List and Butler sold the farm in 1805 and List returned to Britain in July 1805 aboard the Ferret.[179] Scarborough
John Limeburner c. 1743 New Sarum 9 Jul 1785 7 Limeburner was convicted at Salisbury for stealing a waistcoat, linen shirt and stockings (20s).[180] Originally sentenced to death, Limeburner's sentence was commuted to seven years transportation.[181] A report from the Dunkirk hulk described John as "tolerably decent and orderly." Limeburner married Elizabeth Ireland in September 1790 at Rosehill. Limeburner died at Ashfield on 2 September 1847, aged 104. He was the oldest colonist and last first fleeter in Sydney.[182] Charlotte
Thomas Limpus 23 Jul 1760 London 10 Sep 1783 Life Limpus was previously convicted in 1777 of the theft of a handkerchief and sentenced to 3 years hard labour.[183][184] Due to the rebellion of the American colonies, the British government were unable to find a place beyond the seas to send convicts sentenced to transportation, so Limpus was returned to dry land by 1780. On 8 October 1782, Limpus was before William Mainwairing to 7 years transportation to Africa for theft of a cambrick handkerchief (10d).[185] Limpus was transported on the Benkiasa and was landed at the island of Gorée on the west coast of Africa on 3 December 1782.[186] Many convicts died in Africa, and those who survived proved too unruly for soldiery and managing the region. Subsequently, transportation to Africa became seen as little more than tantamount to a death sentence.[187] Limpus escaped on a British ship and returned to England in 1783.[188] Limpus was recaptured in London in October 1783. He was convicted for returning from transportation.[189] Limpus was found guilty of returning from transportation at his trial and sentenced to death, but was later commuted to transportation for life in America.[190] Limpus’ second transportation was bound for Nova Scotia. He was involved in the ‘’Mercury Mutiny’’ in April 1784 and returned to England. Limpus was recaptured in Devon, his trial for returning from transportation sentenced him to death once again but this was commuted to transportation for life.[191] Whilst held in the Dunkirk prison hulk, Thomas was described as a "quiet prisoner."[192] Limpus was sent to Norfolk Island in March 1790. In September 1796, Thomas received a conditional pardon. Thomas died 1801.
Samuel Lightfoot c. 1753 Exeter 14 Mar 1785 Death commuted to 7 Lightfoot was convicted at Exeter for stealing 5 linen shirts and 5 linen handkerchiefs (81s).[193] Originally sentenced to death, his sentence was commuted to 7 years transportation.[194] A report from Dunkirk hulk notes that Lightfoot had behaved "remarkably well." Lightfoot returned to England after his sentence had expired around 1792. He petitioned to return to New South Wales as a settler, with his wife. In February 1794, Samuel received a 30-acre land grant on the north side of the harbour opposite Sydney Cove. Samuel and his wife arrived in the colony in 1803 aboard the Calcutta. He went to Van Diemens Land in 1804. In April 1810, Lightfoot is recorded as an overseer in Hobart. He died there on 17 May 1818. Charlotte
Joseph Longstreet Marlborough 5 Oct 1784 7 Longstreet was convicted at Marlborough for stealing dyed Spanish wool.[195] He died at sea on 19 July 1787.[196] Alexander
Joseph Long Gloucester 23 Mar 1785 Death commuted to 14 Long was convicted at Gloucester for stealing one silver watch (40s).[197] In October 1788, Long was sent to Norfolk Island.[198] In January 1789, Long received 12 lashes for being absent from work. In October he received 100 lashes for lending shoes he was supposed to have been mending. Long died on Norfolk Island on 15 June 1793. Alexander
John Lockley London 22 Feb 1786 Death commuted to 7 Lockley, a watchmaker, was convicted for stealing 12 sets of silver watch cases (£5), and one bag (1d).[199] Lockley was originally sentenced to death but was probably granted a last-minute reprieve.[200] John was defended by William Garrow at his trial. In March 1790 he was sent to Norfolk Island.[201] In December 1807, Lockley went to Van Diemens Land. He drowned there on 16 April 1808. Alexander
Mary Love c. 1725 Maidstone 15 Mar 1785 14 Love was convicted with Elizabeth Bird for receiving stolen goods.[202] Love was a widow and about 60 at the time of her conviction.[203] Love returned to England on the Britannia, arriving in London in July 1797. Lady Penrhyn
Elizabeth Lock Gloucester 26 Mar 1783 7 Lock, a servant, was convicted for burglary of 11s.[204] Lock married Richard Morgan in March 1788 at Port Jackson.[205] Richard was sent to Norfolk Island in January 1790. Lock followed him in March. Morgan and Lock did not reunite on Norfolk Island, as he had started living with another woman there. Elizabeth began cohabiting with a marine, Thomas Scully.[206] Scully left Norfolk Island in 1795. Lock may have gone with him because the last record of her was that year. Lady Penrhyn
Nathaniel Lucas 1764 London 7 Jul 1784 7 Scarborough
Humphrey Lynch New Sarum 5 Mar 1785 7 Lynch, a tailor, was convicted for assault with a stick and highway robbery.[207] Originally sentenced to death, Lynch's sentenced was commuted to 7 years transportation. In March 1790, Lynch was sent to Norfolk Island. In June 1794, Lynch is listed as living with Second Fleeter Ann Stokes on a farm at Queenborough, Norfolk Island. In November 1807, Lynch and Stokes went to Van Diemens Land. Lynch was granted 30 acres in the Clarence Plains region. On 26 February 1816 Stokes died. A newspaper reported that Humphrey had bequeathed some sheep to a daughter. She has not been identified and may have been adopted.[208] Lynch committed suicide by hanging from a tree on 31 December 1817. Alexander
Ann Lynch 1746 Bristol 30 Mar 1786 14 Lynch was convicted for receiving stolen goods.[209] Lynch cohabited and had a son with a marine, Thomas Cotterell. In 1790, Lynch and her son were sent to Norfolk Island, after which she had no further association with Cotterell. On Norfolk Island, Lynch cohabited and married another marine, Thomas Williams. Williams received a grant of 60 acres at Creswell Bay in February 1792. In September 1793, Williams was listed as a constable in the Creswell Bay and West Point streams area and also worked as a miller. By 1814 Williams and Lynch were living together in the Sydney area, although Ann does not appear with him in the 1821 register. In September 1823, Lynch appears in the Muster but she disappears before the 1828 Muster. On 19 November 1823, a woman known as "Ann Williams" is listed in the New South Wales State Records as being admitted to hospital.[210] Charlotte
John Lloyd London 25 Feb 1784 7 Aka Loyd, Lyde. Lloyd was convicted for stealing on 21 February 1784 one wooden till (6d), one half-guinea (10s 6d), two half-crowns (5s), and 20s in money.[211] Lloyd was sentenced to 7 years transportation and placed aboard the Mercury bound for Nova Scotia and was involved in the Mercury Mutiny, in April 1784 and returned to England, landing in Torbay, where Lloyd was captured. He was later sent to New South Wales. A report from the Dunkirk Hulk describes John as "in general tolerably well behaved but troublesome at times."[212] Lloyd died on 27 September 1811 in Sydney.[213] Friendship

M[edit]

Reference - First Fleet Database of the University of Wollongong[2]

Name Date
of
birth
Place
of
conviction
Date
of
conviction
Sentence Other information Transport ship
James M'Donnaugh 1752 Maidstone 11 Jul 1785 7 aka McDonaugh. M'Donnaugh, a labourer, was convicted with Thomas Matson for the theft of a Leaden pipe (£2 or 40s).[214] M'Donnaugh was sentenced in September 1790 to 200 lashes and to wear an iron collar for six months. He died in 1791, possibly suicide by hanging.[215] Alexander
Charles M'Laughlin c. 1770 Durham 21 Jul 1785 7 aka McLaughlin, McLellan, McLennan, MacLaulin.[216] M'Laughlin, from Devon, was convicted at Durham for the theft of a purse (1s), containing 14s 6d. He was one of the initial settlers of Norfolk Island in February 1788. In April M'Laughlin received 36 lashes for theft of rum, in May 36 lashes for "seditious and threatening words," and in August 36 lashes for stealing eggs. M'Laughlin received a fractured skull in May 1790 and was not expected to live. He was sentenced in May 1791 to 6 weeks in irons on 2 weeks ration of corn and water for stealing potatoes, but punishment ceased on 12 June.[217] M'Laughlin is marked as having left the colony in January 1793. Alexander
Edward M'Lean c. 1731 Maidstone 15 Mar 1784 7 aka MacLean, MacClean. M'Lean, a labourer, was convicted at Maidstone for stealing many items of clothing (159s). Originally sentenced to death, this was commuted to seven years transportation.[218][219] Scarborough
Francis M'Lean 24 March 1784 Guildford 7 aka MacLean, McLean. M'Lean, a labourer, was convicted with his brother Thomas M'Lean for burglary of items (63s). Originally sentenced to death, overturned to seven years transportation to America.[220] They escaped and were tried once again together for being at large before the expiration of their sentence. In April 1788 25 lashes were ordered against M'Lean for refusing to obey an order, however, the punishment was forgiven.[221] Both brothers left the colony in 1791, their sentences having expired. Alexander
Thomas M'Lean Guildford 7 aka MacLean, McLean. M'Lean, a labourer, was convicted with his brother Francis M'Lean for burglary of items (63s). Originally sentenced to death, overturned to seven years transportation to America.[220] They escaped and were tried once again together for being at large before the expiration of their sentence. M'Lean married Margaret Bunn in March 1788. Both brothers left the colony in 1791, their sentences having expired. M'Lean left Margaret behind.[222] Alexander
John MacIntire Durham 7
John Mansfield Chelmsford 7 Years Transportation Stole 8 pigs Alexander
Betty Mason Gloucester 14
Sarah McCormick Manchester 7
Mary McCormack Liverpool 7
Richard McDeed
Redman McGrah Redman
James Mackrie James
William Mariner Oxford 7
William Marney London 7
Jane Marriott London 7
John Marrott Gloucester 7
Mary Marshall London Life
Joseph Marshall London 14
Mary Marshall London 7
Ann Martin Southwark Lady Penrhyn
Abraham Martin New Sarum 7
John Martin London 7
Stephen Martin Bristol 7
Thomas Martin Exeter 7
James Martyn Exeter 7
Susannah Mason London alias Gibbs
Ann Mather London 7
Mather MATHER London 7
Thomas Matson Maidstone 7
Richard May New Sarun 7
Eleanor McCabe London 7 alias Magee
William McNamar William
John Meynell Nottingham alias William Radford
Jacob Messiah
Jane Meech Exeter 7 Mrs. William Meech
Samuel Midgley Lancaster 7
Richard Middleton London 7
Edward Miles 7
Matthew Mills
Charles Milton Maidstone 7
Mary Mitchcraft Kingston 7
Mary Mitchell Kingston 7
Nathaniel Mitchell Dorchester 7
John Mollands Launceston 7
Samuel Mobbs London 7
Charles Mood 7
John Moorin London 7
William Moore William London 7
John Morley London 7
Richard Morgan Gloucester 7
Robert Morgan Robert London 7
William Morgan London 7
Joseph Morley
Peter Morris Bristol 7
John Morrisby London 7
John Mortimore Exeter 7
Mary Morton London 23 February 1785 7 Tried for stealing three pieces containing seventeen handkerchiefs (18s).[223]
John Mowbray Lincoln 7
William William Guildford 7
Edward Moyle Launceston 7
Hannah Mullens London 10 January 1787 Life There is no transcription of Mullens' trial. However, she is mentioned in the Old Bailey Punishment Summary as having received His Majesty's pardon after being capitally convicted at former sessions on the condition of being transported for the following terms, to the Eastern coast of New South Wales, or some one or other of the islands adjacent.[224] She became wife of Charles Peat. Lady Penrhyn
Stephen Mullis Exeter 7
Jesse Mullock New Sarum 7
Lydia Munro Kingston 14 Lady Penrhyn
John Munroe c. 1770 London 21 April 1784 7 alias Nurse. Tried at the Old Bailey, with George Robinson and George Bannister, for stealing one marcella petticoat (8s), one child's dimity cloak (3s), one linen gown (1s 6d) and one pair of cotton stockings (6d).[40]
James Murphy 7
William Murphy Liverpool 7

N[edit]

Reference - First Fleet Database of the University of Wollongong[2]

Name Date
of
birth
Place
of
conviction
Date
of
conviction
Sentence Other information Transport ship
John Newland London 7 Scarborough
Robert Nettleton Kingston upon 7 Alexander
John Neal London 7 Scarborough
James Neal Bristol 7 Friendship
Elizabeth Needham London 7 Lady Penrhyn
John Nicholls London 7 Scarborough
Phebe Norton 1761 London 25 Oct 1786 7 Alias Jones, Knight. Norton, a servant and housekeeper to James Milne, stole on 20 August 1786, a tablespoon, 3 teaspoons, a counterpane, 3 sheets, a coat, a satin waistcoat, a table cloth, 2 check curtains and a pair of leather gloves (34.5s) from Milne. As reported by Arthur Bowes Smyth, “Phebe Norton, A convict on board us fell from the head (the toilet seat at the bow of the ship), into the Sea, it was a remarkable calm day, therefore before she had time to go down, two men jump’d overboard & saved her by hauling her into the pinnace which was fasten’d at the stern.” Lady Penrhyn
Robert Nunn London 7 Scarborough

O[edit]

Name Date
of
birth
Place
of
conviction
Date
of
conviction
Sentence Other information Transport ship
John O'Craft c. 1750 Exeter 24 May 1784 Death commuted to 7 aka John Oakraft. O'Craft was convicted of stealing one pair leather breeches and money (80s) on 17 Mar 1783.[225] In March 1784 O'Craft was involved in the Mercury Mutiny, in which convicts rose up against the crew and returned to England. He escaped to Stoke, Plymouth before being recaptured. On 24 May 1784 O'Craft was sentenced to death for returning from transportation, but this was commuted to 7 years transportation on 9 June 1784. Reports from Dunkirk hulk was that he had behaved “remarkably well”.[226] In March 1791, O'Craft was appointed principal of the night watch at Parramatta. In August 1792 he established a farm on a 30-acre grant at Prospect Hill. Charlotte
James Ogden c. Feb 1769 Manchester 20 Jan 1785 7 years Ogden, a labourer born in Ashton-under-Lyne, was convicted of stealing a purse and six pieces of gold of unknown value.[227][228] Ogden married Elizabeth Kelsell in January 1800 at Parramatta and by 1806 he was a landholder at The Ponds with 50 acres. Ogden died on 19 September 1820 at St John's, Parramatta. Alexander
William Okey c. 1768 Gloucester 24 Mar 1784 Death commuted to 7 Okey, a labourer, was convicted for stealing six chines of bacon, four loaves of bread and other goods (61s).[229] Originally sentenced to death, his sentence was commuted to seven years transportation. Okey was killed by Aborigines on 30 May 1788. Alexander
Isabella Oldfield c. Sep 1764 Manchester 20 Jul 1786 7 years Oldfield, from Skipton, Yorkshire, was convicted (with her brother Thomas Oldfield) of stealing three pieces of cloth (1s)[230] In October 1787 she transferred to the Prince of Wales while anchored at the Cape of Good Hope. She died on 17 March 1789 at Sydney Cove.[231] Friendship and Prince of Wales
Thomas Oldfield c. May 1763 Manchester 20 Jul 1786 7 years Oldfield, a labourer and woolen dresser born in Skipton, was convicted (with his sister Isabella Oldfield) of stealing three pieces of cloth (1s) shilling.[232] By March 1789, Oldfield was a member of the Night Watch at Port Jackson. In October 1793, Oldfield left the colony on the Boddingtons, bound for Bengal.[233] Friendship
Peter Opley Maidstone 14 Mar 1786 7 years aka Hopley. Opley, a butcher, was convicted for stealing one woman's printed gown (9s).[234] His religion was listed as Jewish. In April 1788, Opley was sentenced to 100 lashes for theft, next January he was sentenced to 100 lashes for being absent 3 days from the camp and in March he was sentenced to 25 lashes for stealing bread. In March 1790 Opley was sent to Norfolk Island. Within a year, Opley had become self-sufficient and took himself off rations.[235] In 1793 he took out a three-year lease for land on the island and in 1796 he left for Europe.[236] Alexander
Thomas Orford London 7 Jul 1784 7 years Orford was convicted of stealing a man's hat (6d), a sheet (10s), a bed-gown (2s), three shifts (6d), ten shirts (4s), ten handkerchiefs (5s), and three children's aprons (6d).[237] Orford claimed that he came from on board a ship where "a man gave me a pint of beer to carry these to a house."' The man said the items, "were to go into the country".[238] Orford was found guilty of stealing the property, but not the burglary.[239] He was listed to be transported to Africa.[240] Orford was described as "a black" who spoke broken English.[241] He married Elizabeth Osborne in March 1788 at Port Jackson.[242] In April 1794, he received a 30-acre land grant at Bulanaming.
Thomas Osborne London 7 years Alexander
Elizabeth Osborne London 7 years alias Jones Lady Penrhyn
John Owles Croydon 7 years Alexander
John Owen London 7 years Scarborough
Joseph Owen Shewsbury 14 years Friendship

P[edit]

Reference - First Fleet Database of the University of Wollongong[2]

Name Date
of
birth
Place
of
conviction
Date
of
conviction
Sentence Other information Transport ship
Paul Paige Lincoln 7
William Pane Nottingham 7
Edward Parry Stafford 7
William Parr Liverpool 7
John Henry Palmer London 7
John Parker London 7
William Parish 1751 London 20 Oct 1784 7 William Parish, alias Potter may have been an unemployed seaman, but on 27 September 1784 he became a highwayman. Parish was tried before Mr Recorder. Parish was indicted for feloniously assaulting William Stent with a pistol on the King’s highway on 27 September 1784, with intent to steal money from Stent.
Richard Partridge London Death commuted to Life Originally sentenced to 7 years transportation to America at the Old Bailey for stealing one linen shift (3s), one linen apron (3s), one pair of cotton stockings (6d) pence, and one pair of linen cover sluts (6d) on 30 April 1783. He was part of a group of 24 convicts lead principally by John Kellan which overthrew their transportation vessel bound for America, the Swift and returned to Britain. He was tried at the Old Bailey for returning from transportation and sentenced to death. The sentence was commuted to transportation for life on 10 September 1783.
Peter Parris Exeter 7
Jane Parkinson Manchester aka Partington
Elizabeth Parker Gloucester 7 Accompanied by her daughter Ann Friendship then from Cape Charlotte
Ann Parsely London 1787 7 Sentenced to 7 years transportation for stealing. In 1791, bore a son to naval lieutenant James Furzer. Settled in Sydney on expiry of her jail term.[243] Prince of Wales
Mary Parker London 7
Sarah Partridge London 7 alias Roberts
Sarah Parry London Life
Edward Bearcro Perrot Bristol 7
John Petrie London 7
Samuel Peyton London 7
Richard Percival London 7 Jul 1784 7 Convicted of stealing one silver watch (30s), one silver milk pot (10s), one silver spoon (5s), one pair of steel scissors with silver bows (2s), one pair of leather shoes (5s), a quantity of sugar (1s), half 2 pound of tobacco (2s), one linen towel (6d) and 480 copper halfpence (20s).[244] On 23 February 1785, his sentence of seven years transportation was transferred from transportation to America to transportation to Africa.[245]
John Pettitt London 21 Apr 1784 7 Convicted of stealing one flute, called an English flute (4s), and two fifes (1s).[246]
James Peaulet London 7
Charles Peat London 23 Feb 1785 Life Originally convicted on 5 December 1781 and sentenced to death for stealing by highway robbery a silk purse (3d), and money (23s) on Finchley Common.[247][248] The sentence of death was later overturned and Peat was sentenced to transportation for life in Nova Scotia. He was involved in the Mercury Mutiny and was found "at large" in England, his return from transportation is recorded in the Old Bailey Punishment Summaries of 10 September 1783.[249] Peat was sentenced to transportation for life in 1785.[250] He became the husband of Hannah Mullens. Scarborough
Joshua Peck Exeter 7
Edward Perkins Plymouth 7
John Petherick Plymouth 7
John Penny 7
William Phillimore London 10 Dec 1783 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey. Unusually, details of Phillimore's trial is not transcribed.[251]
Richard Phillips London 10 Dec 1783 7 Convicted of stealing 16lbs of lead (4s).[252]
Mary Phillips Taunton 7
Roger Phyfield Shrewsbury aka Twyfield Friendship
Mary Phyn London 7
Samuel Pigott Exeter 7
Mary Pinder Lincoln 7
Elizabeth Pipkin London 7
Mary Piles London 6 Apr 1785 7 aka Pile. Originally convicted on 15 January 1783 to be fined 1s and to serve twelve months in a House of Correction for stealing one linen apron (5s), five caps (40s), one muslin handkerchief (3s), one metal watch (£3), one steel chain (1d) and money (16s).[253] Piles was convicted once again for stealing money (29s 6d). During the trial she was referred to as "the female highwayman."[254]
David Pope Southwark 7
John Power London 14 Dec 1785 7 Power was convicted with Charles Young of stealing 2092lb of wood, called Red Sanders wood (£20) the property of the East India.[255] The trial in question results in a verdict of not guilty. However, both Young and Power are listed in the Old Bailey Punishment Summaries as sentenced to 7 years transportation.[256] Both defended by William Garrow who said in his defence that "There is no evidence at all against Power" when cross-examining the witness Judah Bottlebold and that "what Bottlebold says against Power alone, is not evidence."
John Pontie London 7 Jul 1784 Death commuted to Life Convicted at the Old Bailey (with John Matthew Cox a.k.a.Banbury Jack) of stealing thirteen yards of lace (£5).[77] Originally sentenced to death, overturned to transportation for life on 23 February 1785.
Jane Poole Wells 7 Charlotte
William Poore Dorchester 7 Aka Power, Poor Charlotte
Elizabeth Powley
Ann Powell London 13 Dec 1786 7 Convicted of stealing one pair of stays (10s), one gown (10s), one apron (2s), and one black silk cloak (10s).[257]
James Price Gloucester 7
John Price Southwark 7
Catherine Prior Prior's son John Matthew was born at sea on 14 Nov 1787.
Thomas Prior Reading 7
Thomas Pritchard
Edward Pugh Gloucester 7
Elizabeth Pulley Norfolk 7

R[edit]

Reference - First Fleet Database of the University of Wollongong[2]

Name Date
of
birth
Place
of
conviction
Date
of
conviction
Sentence Other information Transport ship
John Randall Manchester 7 Aka Reynolds Alexander
George Reymond London 7
John Ramfey Kinston 7
Charles Repeat Warwick 7
William Read Croydon 7
Bartholomew Reardon Winchester 7
Ann Read London Life Lady Penrhyn
Thomas Risdale Bristol Life alias Crowder
James Richard East Grinstead 7
James Richardson Maidstone 7
Edward Risby Gloucester 7
William Richardson c. Feb 1761 London 10 Dec 1783 Death commuted to 7 Convicted for assault and highway robbery (27s). Married Isabella Rosson in September 1789 and had at least 2 children. Described as having a thin face, fair complexion, dark brown hair, grey eyes, and 5' 5" tall. Alexander
Hardwicke Richardson London 25 Oct 1786 7 Convicted for stealing clothing (60s). Alexander
John Richardson c. 1760 London 7 Jul 1784 7 Aka Mann. Convicted for stealing household goods (77s). Fathered two children with Mary Finn Scarborough
David Richard London 7
Samuel Richardson c. 1766 London 15 Sep 1784 7 Convicted for stealing silk (40s). Scarborough
William Rickson Chelmsford 7
John Richards Winchester 7 alias Williams
James Richard Launceston 7
John Rice Exeter 7
Anthony Rope Chelmsford 7
Daniel Rogers Croydon 7
George Robinson Lincoln 7
Isaac Rogers Gloucester 14
Thomas Robinson Kingston upon 7
John Roberts Liverpool 7
George Robinson c. 1770 London 21 April 1784 7 Tried (with George Bannister and John Monroe alias Nurse) for stealing one marcella petticoat (8s), one child's dimity cloak (3s), one linen gown (1s 6d) and one pair of cotton stockings (6d)[40]
John Romain London 11 May 1784 7 There is no transcription of Romain's trial at the Old Bailey. However, he is mentioned in the Old Bailey Punishment Summary as having his transportation location changed from America to Africa.[258]
John Rowe Launceston 7
William Rowe Launceston 7
William Roberts c. 1755 Bodmin 17 August 1786 7 Convicted for the theft of five pound and half weight of yarn (9s), property of William Moffat of Launceston [259] Scarborough
William Robinson Exeter 7
Henry Roach Exeter 7
John Robins Exeter 7 alias Major
Walton Rous alias Batley
Mary Rolt London
Isabella Rosson London 10 Jan 1787 7 Tried for stealing one tambour muslin (2s).[260]
John Russel London 7
John Ruglass London 23 Feb 1785 Life There is no transcription of Ruglass's trial. However, he is mentioned in the Old Bailey Punishment Summaries as being sentenced to be transported for life.[261]
John Russler London Life
James Ruse Bodmin 7 aka Ruce
Robert Ruth Exeter 7
John Ryan

S[edit]

Reference - First Fleet Database of the University of Wollongong[2]

Name Date
of
birth
Place
of
conviction
Date
of
conviction
Sentence Other information Transport ship
William Saltmarsh c. 1770 Kingston 29 Mar 1785 7 Alexander
Thomas Sanderson Lincoln 7
William Sands Lincoln 7 Alexander
Peter Sampson London 7 Convicted (with Charles Allen) of burglarious breaking and entering a dwelling and stealing one linen sheet (10s), eight damask table cloths (40s), one sheet (10s), eight shirts (3s 1d) and one counterpane (10s).[20] Scarborough
Ann Sandlin London 7 alias Lynes Lady Penrhyn
Robert Scattergood Stafford 7 Alexander
Elizabeth Scott London 7 Convicted (with Sarah Ault) for stealing four bridles (11s), one bradoon (2s), two strap irons (1s), and two leather straps (1s).[31] Prince of Wales
Samuel Selshire London 7 Scarborough
John Seymour Sherborne 7 Scarborough
William Shearman Reading 7 Alexander
Joseph Shaw Stafford 7 Alexander
Robert Shepherd Durham 7 Alexander
George Sharp Durham 7 Alexander
William Shore Lancaster 7 Alexander
James Shiers London Life Scarborough
John Silverthorn New Sarum 7 Alexander
Robert Sidaway London Life aka Sideway, Sideaway Friendship
Sarah Slater London 7 Lady Penrhyn
John Small Exeter 7 Charlotte
Richard Smart Gloucester 7 Alexander
Daniel Smart Gloucester 7 Alexander
Thomas Smith Lancaster 7 Alexander
William Smith Liverpool 7 Alexander
Edward Smith London 7 Scarborough
William Smith London 7 Scarborough
Thomas Smith London 7 alias HAYNES Scarborough
James Smith London 7 Scarborough
John Smith Guildford 7 Scarborough
William Smith Bodmin 1 Scarborough
Ann Smith Winchester 7 Mrs John Smith was accompanied by her young daughter Ann. Charlotte
Hannah Smith Winchester 7 Charlotte
William Smith Dorchester 7 Charlotte
Edward Smith Exeter 7 Charlotte
John Smith Exeter 7 Charlotte
Ann Smith London 7 Lady Penrhyn
Catherine Smith London 7 Prince of Wales
Catherine Smith London 7 Lady Penrhyn
Mary Smith London 7 Lady Penrhyn
William Snaleham London 7 Scarborough
Henry Sparks
Daniel Spencer Dorchester 14 Charlotte
John Spencer alias Pearce
Mary Spence Wigan 5 Prince of Wales
Charlotte Springmore London 19 Oct 1785 7 Convicted (with Mary Harrison) of an assault upon Susannah Edhouse, with willfully destroying her cloth cotton gown (10s). She was said to be a prostitute during her trial.
Mary Springham 29 Feb 1768 London 25 Oct 1786 7 Springham, a hawker, was convicted for stealing cash and a snuff-box, value 51s. She gave birth to 3 children in the colony and died on Norfolk Island in 1796. Lady Penrhyn
James Squire Kingston 7 aka Squire Charlotte (Originally on the Friendship)
William Stanley New Sarum 7 Alexander
James Strong Dorchester 7 Alexander
James Stow Lincoln 7 Alexander
Charles Stone London 7 Alexander
Henry Stone London 7
Martin Stone Warwick 7 Alexander
John Stokee Durham 7
John Stogdell London 14 Alexander
James Stuart London 7 Scarborough
Thomas Stanton c. 1760 Launceston 19 Mar 1785 7 alias Abdin, Ebden, Eldon, Ibden. Stealing a horse - geldings (400s). Scarborough
John Morris Stephens Dorchester 7 Charlotte
Margaret Stewart Exeter 7 Charlotte
Thomas Strech Shrewsbury 7 aka Stretch Friendship
John Summers Gloucester 13 Jul 1784 7 Convicted for stealing a knapsack. Alexander

T[edit]

Reference - First Fleet Database of the University of Wollongong[2]

Name Date
of
birth
Place
of
conviction
Date
of
conviction
Sentence Other information Transport ship
Joshua Taylor c. 1768 Manchester 14 Oct 1784 7 Theft of handkerchief (1s) Alexander
Henry Taylor c. 1754 London 14 Jan 1784 7 Convicted for stealing iron bars and railing (15s). Involved in the Mercury Mutiny. Friendship
Sarah Taylor c. 1755 Kingston 9 Apr 1787 7 Convicted (with Mary Mitchcraft and Martha Kennedy) for assault and robbery (12s). She married William French Brown in 1788. Prince of Wales
Thomas Hilton Tenant Chelmsford alias Phillip Divine
Cornelius Teague Bodmin 7
James Tenchall aka Tenninghill
Elizabeth Thackery c. 1767 Manchester 4 May 1786 7 The last survivor of the First Fleet. Friendship then from Cape Charlotte
William Thompson Durham 7
James Thomas London 7
James Thompson London 7
James Thomas London 7
John Thomas London 7
William Thompson London 7
James Thoudy
Elizabeth Thomas Wigan 7
Ann Thornton London 7
Thomas Tunmins Warwick 7
Thomas Tilley Stafford 7
Thomas Till London 7
Nicholas Todd London 7
Joseph Trotter Maidstone 7 Alexander
John Trace Exeter 7
Susannah Trippett London 7
Ralph Turner c. 1749 Manchester 14 Apr 1785 7 Alexander
Joseph Tuso London Life
John Turner c. 1740 Maidstone 16 Apr 1783 7 Convicted for stealing a cask of beer (18s). Involved in the Mercury Mutiny. Friendship
Moses Tucker Plymouth 7
Thomas Turner c. 1740 Oxford 6 Mar 1782 Death to 7 Convicted for assault and highway robbery (52s). Involved in the Mercury Mutiny. Friendship
John Turner c. 1759 York 24 Jul 1784 Death to 7 Convicted for stealing a horse - a gelding (140s). Scarborough
Mary Turner c. 1766 Worcester 5 Mar 1785 7 Aka Wilkes. Convicted for stealing clothing (42s). Lady Penrhyn
William Twyneham Reading 7
Ann Twyfield Shrewsbury 7 aka Dawley
William Tyrrell Winchester 7

U[edit]

Reference - First Fleet Database of the University of Wollongong[2]

Name Date
of
birth
Place
of
conviction
Date
of
conviction
Sentence Other information Transport ship
James Underwood c. 1743[262] New Sarum 11 Mar 1786 Death commuted to 14 Underwood was convicted for stealing 5 sheep with intent to steal fat & kidneys (100s).[263] Underwood was described in a report from the Dunkirk Hulk as "tolerably decent and orderly." This James Underwood should not be confused with the Third Fleeter of the same name who was a shipwright and became very successful in the colony. On 4 July 1788, he was marked as "Run from the Colony'"and does not appear in later records. Charlotte
John Usher c. 1769 Maidstone 17 Mar 1785 7 Usher, a jeweller, was convicted for stealing 5 yards of linen (39s).[264] In March 1790, he was sent to Norfolk Island where he lived with Margaret Carter, a Second Fleeter. They had a son John Carter, born on Norfolk Island in 1792. Margaret died on Norfolk Island in 1796.[265] In October 1796, Usher was employed as an overseer. He returned to Port Jackson in 1801. No further records can be traced of him.[266] Alexander

V[edit]

Reference - First Fleet Database of the University of Wollongong[2]

Name Date
of
birth
Place
of
conviction
Date
of
conviction
Sentence Other information Transport ship
William Vickery c. 1762 Exeter 20 Mar 1786 7 Vickery was convicted for stealing money (120s).[267] A report from the Dunkirk hulk described Vickery as "tolerably decent and orderly". In March 1790, Vickery was sent to Norfolk Island.[268] In July 1808 Vickery left Norfolk Island as a Third Class Settler, bound for Van Diemens Land. There held 30 acres at Clarence Plains, where he died on 28 November 1828. Charlotte
Henry Vincent c. 1760 London 21 April 1784 7 Vincent was convicted with two other men of stealing on 31 March 1784 200 lb of currants (£4), and one wooden cask (1s).[269][270] Vincent died on 7 March 1788 at Port Jackson, approximately two months after the arrival of the First Fleet in New South Wales.[271] Scarborough

W[edit]

Reference - First Fleet Database of the University of Wollongong[2]

Name Date
of
birth
Place
of
conviction
Date
of
conviction
Sentence Other information Transport ship
Benjamin Wager London 7
Ellen Wainwright Preston 7 alias Esther Eccles
Mary Wade London 14 alias Cacklane
James Walbourne London 7
Richard Waddicomb Exeter 7
John Walker London 7
William Wall Oxford 7
William Walsh London 7
Ann Ward London 7
John Ward Lowth 7
Charlotte Ware Charlotte
William Waterhouse Kingston 7
Mary Watkins Friendship then from Rio Charlotte
John Watsan Maidstone 7
Thomas Watson Exeter 7
James Welch Maidstone 7
John Welch Durham 7
John Welch London Death commuted to Life Originally sentenced to 7 years transportation to America at the Old Bailey for stealing one large copper (10s), one copper saucepan (3s), and one brass boiling pot (3s) on 11 September 1782. He was part of a group of 24 convicts lead principally by John Kellan which overthrew their transportation vessel bound for America, the Swift and returned to Britain. He was tried at the Old Bailey for returning from transportation and sentenced to death by hanging. His sentence was commuted to transportation for life on 10 September 1783.
John Welsh London 7
Benjamin West London 7
John Westwood London 7
Edward Westlake Exeter 7
Samuel Wheeler Croydon 7
George Whitaker Maidstone 7
James White Maidstone 7
William Whiting Gloucester 7
Edward Whitton Maidstone Life Scarborough
Samuel Wilcocks Dorcester 7
William Wilton William Bristol 7
Charles Wilson London Death commuted to Life Originally sentenced to transportation to America, he was part of a group of 24 convicts lead principally by John Kellan which overthrew their transportation vessel bound for America, the Swift and returned to Britain. He was tried for returning from transportation and sentenced to death by hanging. His sentence was commuted to transportation for life on 10 September 1783.
Peter Wilson Manchester 7
Charles Williams London w2 7
Daniel Williams Preston 7
Frances Williams Mold 7
James Williams London 7
John Williams Bodmin 7 alias Floyd
John Williams Maidstone 7 alias Black Jack
John Williams Exeter 7
Mary Williams London 7
Peter Williams Exeter 7 alias Flaggett
Robert Williams Launceston 7
Richard Wilcocks Richard Exeter 7
Mary Wickham New Sarum 14
John Wilding Bury 7 alias Warren. Died during passage. Scarborough
John Wisehammer Bristol 7
George Wood London 7
Mark Wood
Francis Woodcock Shrewsbury 7
Peter Woodcock London 7
Samuel Woodham London Life
Jack Wolff London 7 Scarborough
John Woolcot Exeter Life
Samuel Woolley London 15 Husband of Sarah Woolley. They were sentenced together. Charlotte
Sarah Woolley London 14 Wife of Samuel Woolley. They were sentenced together. Charlotte
William Worsdell Launceston 7
Ann Wright Ann London 7
Benjamin Wright London 7
JamesWright Maidstone 7
Joseph Wright London 7 Scarborough
Thomas Wright Reading 7
William Wright London 7

Y[edit]

Reference - First Fleet Database of the University of Wollongong[2]

Name Date
of
birth
Place
of
conviction
Date
of
conviction
Sentence Other information Transport ship
Thomas Yardsley c. 1759 Shrewsbury 4 Aug 1784 7 aka Yasley Scarborough
Nancy Yates c. 1768 York 9 Jul 1785 Death to 7 aka Yeats Lady Penrhyn
John Young c. 1762 London 20 Oct 1784 7 Alexander
Simon Young c. 1762 London 21 Apr 1784 Death to 7 Scarborough
Elizabeth Youngson c. 1772 Lancaster 1 Mar 1787 Death to 7 aka Youngster Prince of Wales
George Youngson c. 1767 Lancaster 1 Mar 1787 7 Prince of Wales

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Bibliography[edit]

  • Chapman, Don (1986). 1788: The People of the First Fleet. Doubleday Australia. ISBN 0868242659. 
  • Kenneally, Thomas (2006). The Commonwealth of Thieves. Random House Australia. ISBN 9781741666137. 

External links[edit]