List of convicts transported to Australia

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The following is a list of notable convicts transported to Australia. Penal transportation to Australia began with the arrival of the First Fleet in 1788 and ended in 1868. Overall, approximately 165,000 convicts were transported to Australia.

Convicts[edit]

A[edit]

B[edit]

George Barrington
William Buckley
  • Charlotte Badger (c. 1788–1816), English pirate, transported to New South Wales for theft
  • Joseph Backler (1813–1895), English artist, transported to New South Wales for forgery
  • George Barrington (1755–1804), Irish author and socialite, transported to New South Wales for pickpocketing
  • John Baughan (1754–1797), English carpenter, transported to New South Wales for theft
  • Andrew Bent (1790–1851), English printer and publisher, transported to New South Wales for burglary
  • Sarah Bellamy (1770 - 1843), English maid, servant and weaver, transported to New South Wales for theft
  • James Blackburn (1803–1854), English architect and engineer, transported to Van Diemen's Land for forgery
  • William Bland (1789–1868), English politician and inventor, transported to Van Diemen's Land for manslaughter
  • Solomon Blay (1816–1897), English hangman, transported to Van Diemen's Land for forgery
  • James Bloodsworth (1759–1804), English builder, transported to New South Wales for theft
  • Billy Blue (c. 1767–1834), Jamaican boatman, transported to New South Wales for theft
  • Thomas Bock (1790–1855), English artist, transported to Van Diemen's Land for administering drugs to a young woman
  • Ruth Bowyer (c. 1761–1788), English First Fleeter, transported to New South Wales for theft
  • Matthew Brady (1799–1826), English bushranger, transported to Van Diemen's Land
  • Richard Browne (1776–1824), Irish artist, transported to New South Wales
  • Mary Bryant (1765–), Cornish escapee, transported to New South Wales for highway robbery
  • William Bryant (c. 1757–1791), Cornish escapee, transported to New South Wales for impersonating a Royal Navy seaman
  • William Buckley (1780–1856), English escapee, transported to New South Wales for possessing a roll of stolen cloth
  • Knud Bull (1811–1889), Norwegian artist, transported to Van Diemen's Land for forgery
  • Richard Burgess (1829–1866), English bushranger, transported to New South Wales for highway robbery
  • Robert Francis Burns (1840-1883), Irish murderer, Transported to Western Australia for stealing

C[edit]

Margaret Catchpole
  • John Cadman (1772–1848), English publican, transported to New South Wales for horse theft
  • John Caesar (c. 1763–1796), Madagascan or West Indian bushranger, transported to New South Wales for theft
  • Elizabeth Callaghan (1802-1852), Irish servant, transported to New South Wales for forgery[1]
  • John Casey (–1882), Irish rebel, transported to New South Wales for insurrection
  • Martin Cash (1808–1877), Irish bushranger, transported to New South Wales for shooting at a man
  • Denis Cashman (1842–1897), Irish Fenian, transported to Western Australia for treason
  • Margaret Catchpole (1762–1819), English adventuress and chronicler, transported to New South Wales for horse theft
  • Alfred Chopin (1846–1902), English photographer, transported to Western Australia for receiving stolen goods
  • William Clackson (c. 1799–), Scottish shoemaker and activist, transported to New South Wales for his role in the Radical War
  • Daniel Cooper, English businessman, transported to New South Wales for theft
  • William Cuffay (1788–1870), English Chartist leader, transported to Van Diemen's Land for sedition and "levying war" against Queen Victoria

D[edit]

Michael Dwyer
  • David Davies (1812–1874), Welsh poet and rebel, transported to Van Diemen's Land for his role in the Rebecca Riots
  • Edward Davis (1816–1841), Jewish bushranger, transported to New South Wales for theft
  • James Davis (1808–1889), Scottish escapee, transported to New South Wales for theft
  • Jack Donahue (1804–1830), Irish bushranger, transported to New South Wales for intent to commit a felony
  • Michael Dwyer (1772–1825), Irish revolutionary, transported to New South Wales for his role in the Irish Rebellion of 1798

E[edit]

  • Edward Eagar (1787–1866), Irish lawyer and merchant, transported to New South Wales for forgery
  • Ralph Entwistle (c. 1805–1830), English bushranger, transported to New South Wales for stealing clothing
  • John Eyre (1771–), English artist, transported to New South Wales for housebreaking

F[edit]

G[edit]

William Buelow Gould
Francis Greenway
  • Joseph Gerrald (1763–1796), West Indian-born political reformer, transported to New South Wales for sedition
  • James Goodwin (c. 1800–c. 1835), English escapee and explorer, transported to Van Diemen's Land for theft
  • John Guard (c. 1791–1857), English whaler, transported to New South Wales for theft
  • William Buelow Gould (1801–1853), English artist, transported to Van Diemen's Land for theft
  • Francis Greenway (1777–1837), English architect, transported to New South Wales for forgery
  • William Henry Groom (1833–1901), English politician, transported to New South Wales for embezzlement

H[edit]

  • Laurence Hynes Halloran (1765–1831), Irish poet and schoolmaster, transported to New South Wales for forgery
  • Dorothy Handland (1706–), English rag dealer, transported to New South Wales for perjury[2]
  • Henry Browne Hayes (1762–1832), Irish adventurer, transported to New South Wales for kidnapping
  • Daniel Herbert (1802–1868), English artist and stonemason, transported to Van Diemen's Land for highway robbery
  • William Horton (1817–1864), English publican, transported to New South Wales for larceny of a coat[3][4]
  • George Howe (1769–1821), English poet and printer, transported to New South Wales for shoplifting
  • Michael Howe (1787–1818), English bushranger, transported to Van Diemen's Land for highway robbery
  • Ralph Hush (1779–1860), English farmer, transported to New South Wales for theft
  • William Hutchinson (1772–1846), English businessman, transported to New South Wales for theft
  • Mary Hyde (1779–1864), English businesswoman, transported to New South Wales for theft

I[edit]

J[edit]

Jørgen Jørgensen
  • Mark Jeffrey (1825–1903), English criminal, transported to New South Wales for burglary
  • Joseph Bolitho Johns (c. 1826–1900), English bushranger, also known as Moondyne Joe, transported to Western Australia for theft
  • George Jones (c. 1815-1844), English bushranger, transported to Van Diemen's Land for theft
  • William Jones (1809–1873), Welsh Chartist, transported to Van Diemen's Land for his role in the Newport Rising
  • Jørgen Jørgensen (1780–1841), Danish adventurer, transported to Van Diemen's Land for theft

K[edit]

  • Henry Kable (1763–1846), English businessman, transported to New South Wales for theft
  • Lawrence Kavenagh (c. 1805–1846), Irish bushranger, transported to Van Diemen's Land for burglary
  • John "Red" Kelly (1820-1866), Irish farmer, transported to Van Diemen's Land for burglary.
  • John Knatchbull (c. 1791–1844), English naval captain, transported to New South Wales for theft

L[edit]

  • Solomon Levey (1794–1833), English merchant, transported to New South Wales for theft
  • Simeon Lord (1771–1840), English businessman, transported to New South Wales for theft
  • George Loveless (1797–1874), English labourer, transported to New South Wales as one of the Tolpuddle Martyrs
  • Nathaniel Lucas (1764–1818), English carpenter, transported to New South Wales for theft
  • Joseph Lycett (1774–c. 1825), English artist, transported to New South Wales for forgery
  • John Lynch (1813–1842), Irish serial killer, transported to New South Wales for false pretense
  • Samuel Lyons (1791–1851), English businessman, transported to New South Wales for theft

M[edit]

Thomas Muir
  • Francis MacNamara c. 1810–1861), Irish poet, also known as Frank the Poet, transported to Van Diemen's Land for larceny
  • John Martin (1812–1875), Irish nationalist, transported to Van Diemen's Land for sedition
  • Terence MacManus (1811–1861), Irish nationalist, transported to Van Diemen's Land for treason
  • Maurice Margarot (1745–1815), English political reformer, transported to New South Wales for sedition
  • Valentine Marshall (1814–1874), English farmer, transported to Van Diemen's Land for his role in the Reform Act Riots
  • Thomas Francis Meagher (1823–1867), Irish nationalist, transported to Van Diemen's Land for treason
  • George Mealmaker (1768–1808), Scottish political reformer, transported to New South Wales for sedition
  • John Mitchel (1815–1875), Irish nationalist and author, transported to Van Diemen's Land for treason
  • Enoch Moore (1779–1841), Canadian rebel, transported to Van Diemen's Land for his role in the Rebellions of 1837
  • Thomas Muir (1765–1799), Scottish political reformer and escapee, transported to New South Wales for sedition

N[edit]

  • Isaac Nichols (1770–1819), English businessman and postman, transported to New South Wales for theft

O[edit]

John Boyle O'Reilly
  • William Smith O'Brien (1803–1864), Irish nationalist, transported to Van Diemen's Land for treason
  • Kevin Izod O'Doherty (1823–1905), Irish nationalist, transported to Van Diemen's Land for treason
  • Patrick O'Donoghue (–1854), Irish nationalist, transported to Van Diemen's Land for treason
  • John Boyle O'Reilly (1844–1890), Irish Fenian, poet and author, transported to Western Australia for his role in the Fenian Rising
  • James Oatley (c. 1769–1839), English watchmaker, transported to New South Wales for theft

P[edit]

  • Thomas Fyshe Palmer (1747–1802), English political reformer, transported to New South Wales for sedition
  • Thomas Pamphlett (c. 1788–1838), English castaway, transported to New South Wales for theft
  • Robert Pate (1819–1895), English army officer, transported to Van Diemen's Land for attacking Queen Victoria
  • Alexander Pearce (1790–1824), Irish escapee and cannibal, transported to Van Diemen's Land for theft
  • Joseph Potaski (1764–1824), Polish soldier, transported to Van Diemen's Land for theft

Q[edit]

R[edit]

Charles Rodius
  • Richard Read Sr. (ca. 1765 - ca. 1829),was a British-born artist who was sent to Australia as a convict in 1813.
  • William Redfern (1774–1833), English surgeon, transported to New South Wales for mutiny
  • Mary Reibey (1777–1855), English businesswoman, transported to New South Wales for horse theft
  • John Richardson (c. 1797–1882), English explorer and botanist, transported to New South Wales for larceny
  • Michael Massey Robinson (1744–1826), English poet, transported to New South Wales for extortion
  • Charles Rodius (1802–1860), German artist, transported to New South Wales for theft[5]
  • James Ruse (c. 1759–1837), Cornish farmer, transported to New South Wales for housebreaking

S[edit]

Ikey Solomon
Thomas Griffiths Wainewright
  • Joseph Samuel (c. 1780–1806), English escapee, transported to Van Diemen's Land for robbery
  • Henry Savery (1791–1842), English novelist, transported to Van Diemen's Land for forgery
  • Shoni Sguborfawr (1811–1858), Welsh rebel, transported to Norfolk Island for his role in the Rebecca Riots
  • Robert Sidaway (1758–1809), English philanthropist, transported to New South Wales for theft
  • William Skirving (c. 1745–1796), Scottish political reformer, transported to New South Wales for sedition
  • Emanuel Solomon (1800–1873), English businessman and politician, transported to New South Wales for larceny
  • Ikey Solomon (c. 1787–1850), English criminal, transported to Van Diemen's Land for receiving stolen goods
  • Vaiben Solomon (1798–1860), English businessman and politician, transported to New South Wales for larceny
  • James Squire (1754–1822), English brewer, transported to New South Wales for highway robbery
  • Elizabeth Steel (c. 1760–1795), English deaf person, transported to New South Wales for theft
  • Owen Suffolk (1829–), English poet and bushranger, transported to New South Wales for forgery

T[edit]

  • John Tawell (1784–1845), English chemist and murderer, transported to New South Wales for forgery
  • Robert Taylor (1792–1850), English businessman, transported to New South Wales for larceny
  • Hohepa Te Umuroa (c. 1820s–1847), Maori warrior, transported to Van Diemen's Land for his role in the New Zealand Wars
  • Samuel Terry (c. 1776–1838), English philanthropist, transported to New South Wales for theft
  • Andrew Thompson (c. 1773–1810), Scottish farmer, magistrate, transported to New South Wales for theft
  • William Tucker (c. 1784–1817), English sealer, transported to New South Wales for theft

U[edit]

V[edit]

  • James Hardy Vaux (1782–), English author and serial thief, transported to New South Wales on three separate occasions

W[edit]

William Westwood
  • Thomas Griffiths Wainewright (1794–1847), English artist, journalist and alleged serial killer, transported to Van Diemen's Land for forgery
  • James Walsh ( 1833–1871), English artist, transported to Western Australia for theft and forgery
  • Thomas Watling (1762–c. 1814), Scottish artist, transported to New South Wales for forgery
  • William Westwood (c. 1830–1846), English bushranger and leader of the Cooking Pot Uprising, transported to New South Wales for stealing a coat
  • Joseph Wild (c. 1759–1847), English explorer, transported to New South Wales for burglary
  • Henry Wildman (1838–), English explorer, transported to Western Australia for burglary
  • Zephaniah Williams (1795–1874), Welsh Chartist, transported to Van Diemen's Land for his role in the Newport Rising
  • James Wilson (1836–1921), Irish Fenian, transported to Western Australia for desertion and mutiny
  • Solomon Wiseman (1777–1838), English merchant and ferryman, transported to New South Wales for theft

X[edit]

how does this work

Y[edit]

Z[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Watson, Reg. "John Batman: A Life ..." Tasmanian Times. Retrieved 26 November 2015.
  2. ^ Hughes, Robert (1986). The Fatal Shore. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. p. 73. ISBN 0-394-75366-6.
  3. ^ "William Horton". National Trust of Australia. Retrieved 1 April 2017.
  4. ^ "Royal Bull's Head Inn (entry 600838)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
  5. ^ Gilmour, Joanna (1 June 2010). "Fine and dandy", National Portrait Gallery (Portrait 27). Retrieved 5 October 2015.

External links[edit]