List of costly or deadly hailstorms
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2012) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
This is a list of the costliest or deadliest hailstorms on record.
|6 July 1928||Potter, Nebraska, USA||A 7 in (178 mm) hailstone weighing 1.5 lb (680 g) is believed to be the record largest known in the U.S. at the time.|
|2 September 1960||Southern California, USA||Golf ball to baseball sized hail occurred in parts of southern California, including 2.75 in (7.0 cm) (possibly larger) hail around Boulevard and in Riverside County. That is the largest hail recorded in southern California. A severe thunderstorm also struck San Bernardino.|
|December 1967||Los Angeles County, California, USA||A hailstorm hit the county, blanketing the region much like a snowstorm. The storm also produced lightning, and one bolt struck an oil tank in Manhattan Beach, causing an explosion that covered much of the South Bay with oil. The next hailstorm to hit the area was in 1979.|
|3 September 1970||Coffeyville, Kansas, USA||At the time the largest hailstone ever found in the U.S., measuring 5.7 in (140 mm) diameter, 17.5 in (440 mm) circumference, and 1.67 lb (760 g).|
|30 July 1979||Fort Collins, Colorado, USA||A violent forty-minute hailstorm bombed Fort Collins, CO, with hail up to grapefruit size. Two thousand homes and 2500 automobiles were severely damaged, and about 25 people were injured, mainly when hit on the head by the huge stones. A three-month-old baby died of a fractured skull, struck by a large hailstone while being carried by her mother, who was running with her to seek cover.|
|11 July 1990||Denver, Colorado, USA||Softball-sized hail destroyed roofs and cars, causing $625 million in total damage ($1.1 billion in damage adjusted to 2013 dollars).|
|7 September 1991||Calgary, Alberta, Canada||A Labour Day thunderstorm caused $342 million worth of insurable damage in Calgary. Thirteen additional hailstorms between 1981 and 1998 caused an estimated $600 million in damage in the Calgary area alone.|
|19 June 1992||Wichita, Kansas, USA||Two batches of severe thunderstorms, occurring within 6 hours of each other, dumped hailstones up to 4.5 in (11 cm) in diameter across Sedgwick, including the city of Wichita, and surrounding counties in south-central Kansas. Over 10,000 homes were damaged. The hail left wheat fields in a near total loss. Estimated property damage totaled $500 million with crop damage at $100 million. The thunderstorm episode ranks as one of the worst ever to hit Kansas.|
|5 May 1995||Dallas and Fort Worth, Texas, USA||The 1995 Mayfest Storm produced $1.1 billion insured losses, and total storm damage was reported at around $2 billion. The storms produced hail about the size of softballs.|
|24 July 1996||Calgary and Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada||Orange-sized hailstones caused almost $300 million worth of damage in Calgary and Winnipeg, as well as serious flooding. Notably, one-third of cars damaged by the storm were irreparable.|
|29 March 2000||Lake Worth, Texas, USA||The last known hail fatality in the United States occurred. The victim was Juan Oseguera, a nineteen-year-old man who died from head injuries after being hit by a softball sized hailstone in Lake Worth.|
|18 May 2000||Chicago area, Illinois, USA||$572 million. Golfball-, baseball-, and softball-sized hail damaged roofs, cars, patio furniture, skylights, and windows in the area's worst and most widespread hailstorm in 30 years (McHenry, Lake, northern Kane, northern Cook County). Around 100,000 homes lost power. Hail was 3 in (76 mm) deep in many areas. There were 100 canceled flights, and train service was disrupted.|
|10 April 2001||St. Louis, Missouri, USA||$2.0 billion+. The costliest hailstorm in US history struck the I-70 corridor of eastern Kansas, across Missouri, into southwestern Illinois producing many baseball-sized hail reports.|
|22 June 2003||Aurora, Nebraska, USA||The largest hailstone on record at the time fell on this date. It had a 7-inch (178 mm) diameter and a circumference of 18.74 inches (476 mm).|
|12 July 2004||Edmonton, Alberta Canada||Grape-golf-ball sized hail and more than 150 millimetres (5.9 in) of rain in fell in 30 minutes, leaving 6 centimetres (2.4 in) deep of hail on the ground and flash flooding, it is estimated to be a 1-in-200 year event. Over 20,000 People were evacuated from West Edmonton Mall when the weight from the hail and rain caused the glass roofs to shatter.|
|20–21 April 2006||San Marcos, Texas, USA||Hail of sizes up to 10 cm (3.9 in) results in 10,000 auto claims, 7,000 homeowner and commercial property claims ranging between $100–160 million insured losses. One woman was hospitalized. The storm was especially costly at the San Marcos Outlet Malls and a nearby Toyota dealership.|
|20 July 2009||Denver, Colorado, USA||A hailstorm in the western suburbs of Denver caused $770 million (USD) damage.|
|10 & 16 May 2010||Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, USA||Two major hailstorms separated by less than a week caused damage to large portions of the Oklahoma City metropolitan area. Damages from the first storm caused an estimated $595 million (USD) damage, and the second storm was expected to be around the same, totaling around $1 billion in damages.|
|12 July 2010||Calgary, Alberta, Canada||The hailstorm that pounded Calgary on July 12 eclipsed the record originally set in 1991, with insurable damages totaling at least $400 million, excluding agricultural crop damage. The storm brought hail as wide as 4 cm (1.6 in).|
|23 July 2010||Vivian, South Dakota, USA||The largest diameter hailstone known, measuring 7.87 in (20.0 cm) in diameter - larger than a bowling ball - and weighing 1.9375 lb (0.88 kg), fell on Vivian during an exceptional hailstorm.|
|5 October 2010||Phoenix, Arizona, USA||The Oct. 5 hailstones - some exceeding 2 inches in diameter - pounded cars, smashed windows and blasted apart roof tiles and shingles. The storm caused more than $2.7 billion in property damage, putting Arizona atop the 2010 list of states with the most insured-property losses.|
|28 April 2012||St. Louis, Missouri, USA||Series of hailstorms amount to 2nd costliest in U.S. history at estimated $1.6 billion in insured losses|
|13 June 2012||Dallas and Fort Worth, Texas, USA||Baseball to softball-sized hail pummeled DFW causing significant damage to cars, houses, and other buildings. Estimated damages were approximately $900 million.|
|12 August 2012||Calgary, Alberta, Canada||A storm, with hailstones approximately the size of golf balls, battered Calgary for 10 minutes. High winds were associated with the storm, causing $552 million in damage.|
|16 April 2016||San Antonio, Texas, USA||A storm producing hail up to the size of grapefruits pummeled the city causing extensive damage to cars, homes, windows, and roofs. It is estimated that the storm cost 1.4 billion dollars in losses (the costliest in the state's history).|
|8 May 2017||Denver, Colorado, USA||In what is now the most catastrophic storm in state history, baseball-sized stones pummeled the west Denver Metro area, resulting in extensive damage to homes, windows, vehicles (many of which were in the late day commute), and roofs. The storm would surpass the state's costliest wildfires, force the closure of the Colorado Mills Mall until the end of 2017, and caused $2.3 billion in damage.|
|9 June 2017||Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA||A storm system lasting over a week created severe hail and high wind damage, reaching from Minnesota to Texas to Virginia to New York. The Minneapolis metro area suffered especially, receiving hail damage to many buildings and vehicles. The total damage was estimated to be over $2.5 billion.|
|13 April 1360||Outskirts of Chartres, France||a freak hail storm struck and killed an estimated 1,000 English soldiers on Black Monday (1360) during the Hundred Years War|
|May 1411||Wellesbourne, Warwickshire, England, UK||The first known severe hailstorm in Britain is thought to have incurred fatalities.|
|15 May 1697||Hitchin to Great Offley, Hertfordshire, England, UK||A H8 level hailstorm is the most intense on record in Britain|
|13 July 1788||France and Dutch Republic||Heavy damage to crops, leading to further economic turmoil in France and preciptating the French Revolution one year later.|
|1 July 1891||Netherlands, Germany||From Brabant and Limburg in the Netherlands, Münsterland, Weserbergland, Brandenburg.|
|9 August 1843||Midlands and East Anglia, Central and Southern England||One of Britain's worst ever hailstorms, possibly a supercell, caused massive destruction as hailstones reached up to 1.5 m (4.9 ft) deep in places. The storm is also believed to have spawned several tornadoes, and the exact size of the hail that fell within it is unknown. The overall damage was so great that an entire new insurance company, The General Hail Insurance Company, was formed to help cope with future hailstorms. This company would later be known as the Norwich Union.|
|22 September 1935||Newport, Monmouthshire to Mundesley, Norfolk, UK||A H6 level hailswath at least from points above and possibly longer is longest on record in Britain.|
|24 May 1937||Belgrade, Yugoslavia|||
|1–2 July 1968||England and Wales||Mineral dust blowing in from the Sahara met cold, moist air over the British Isles, forming unusually large hailstones (at least 75 millimetres (3.0 in) across, possibly 100 millimetres (3.9 in)) around the dust. In the thunderstorms that ensued, hail piled up to 0.45 metres (1 ft 6 in) deep and many towns flooded.|
|12 July 1984||Munich, Bavaria, Germany||Tennis ball sized hail fell on Munich and surrounding areas on this date. It was the greatest loss event in the history of the German insurance industry: 200,000 cars were damaged and the storm cost an estimated 3 billion Deutschmark. For years afterwards people jokingly referred to those cars whose bodywork was not repaired as 'Munich Design'.|
|28–29 June 2006||Villingen-Schwenningen and suburbs, Baden-Württemberg, Germany||Supercell thunderstorms, severe damage by grapefruit-sized hailstones, causing €150 million damage, more than 100 injuries.|
|27–28 July 2013||Reutlingen and Pfortzheim, Baden-Württemberg; Wolfsburg and Hanover, Lower Saxony||A series of hailstorms caused large amounts of damage in both Northern and Southern Germany. The total cost of these hailstorms has been estimated to be €3.6 billion. In Reutlingen alone around 70 people received minor injuries.|
|8 July 2014||Sofia, Bulgaria||100 million levs damage claims (~51 million euro)|
|20 June 2016||Pančevo, Belgrade, Serbia||Strong hailstorm with an occurrence of tornado in Pančevo. Baseball to softball-sized hail. Damage still unknown.|
|Circa 9th century||Roopkund, Uttarakhand, India||Several hundred pilgrims were killed by a hailstorm in Roopkund.|
|March 12 to April 19, 1490||Qingyang, China||The 1490 Ch'ing-yang event may have been due to a large comet breaking up in the atmosphere, or a hail storm. Sources generally considered reliable say more than 10,000 killed, but the official History of Ming does not give a number of casualties.|
|30 April 1888||Moradabad (Uttar Pradesh), Northern India||One of the deadliest hailstorms of all time killed at least 230 people, and over 1600 sheep and goats, in Uttar Pradesh. The hailstones were reportedly as big as oranges, and in some areas piled up to 2 ft (0.61 m) high. No warning system existed in 1888 and therefore the death toll of this event was exceptionally high.|
|14 April 1986||Gopalganj, Bangladesh||At least 92 people were killed in Gopalganj by some of the heaviest hailstones ever recorded, which were the size of grapefruits and weighed around 1.02 kg (2.25 lb) each.|
|19 July 2002||Henan Province, the People's Republic of China||25 dead and hundreds injured.|
No entries yet.
|1 February 1936||Settlers, Transvaal, South Africa||Devastating hailstorm with hailstones the size of coconuts, killed ten people and several head of cattle, in addition to nine people killed in flooding. 380 mm (15 in) of rain fell in 15 minutes. Some reports claim more than 26 killed.|
|17 November 1949||Pretoria, Transvaal, South Africa||Hailstorm struck Western Pretoria- hailstones of circumference 23 cm (9.1 in) (diameter 7 cm (2.8 in)) damaged windows or roofs on all buildings in the area, and broke 12000 large windows at the Iscor (now Mittal Steel South Africa) plant in the area, and damaged hundreds of cars at the plant.|
|1 November 1985||Pretoria, Transvaal, South Africa||Major hailstorm striking central Pretoria and surrounding areas. Damage estimated at R400m.|
|1 January 1947||Sydney, New South Wales, Australia||1947 Sydney hailstorm|
|18 January 1985||Brisbane, Queensland, Australia||Late in the afternoon, a supercell thunderstorm swept in from the west dropping hailstones as large as 6 cm (2.4 in) over parts of the city. A wind gust of over 180 km/h (110 mph) was recorded at Brisbane airport and 57 mm (2.2 in) of rain recorded in 15 minutes at the same location. The 30 minutes of destruction caused A$300 million (A$1.7 billion in 2007 adjusted dollars) damage to vehicles and buildings. This rates as the 5th most costly insured event in Australia since 1968.|
|18 March 1990||Sydney, New South Wales, Australia||Damaging hailstorm across large swaths of metropolitan Sydney.|
|14 April 1999||Sydney, New South Wales, Australia||1999 Sydney hailstorm: 20,000 properties and 40,000 vehicles were damaged during the storm with more than 25 aircraft damaged at Sydney Airport. One person was killed while fishing after getting struck by lightning and several other people were injured. At A$1.5 billion (A$3.3 billion in 2007 adjusted dollars), it was the costliest hailstorm to hit an Australian populated city. The largest stone measured was 9.5 cm (3.7 in).|
|9 December 2007||Sydney, New South Wales, Australia||Supercell thunderstorms caused immense damage in the North and Western Suburbs of Sydney. Worst hit were the suburbs of Blacktown, Castle Hill, and neighbouring Baulkham Hills. Hail stones the size of golf balls damaged cars, windows, and homes.|
|6–7 March 2010||Melbourne, Victoria, Australia||2010 Victorian storms: Heavy rain and large hail across much of Victoria lead to flash flooding in central Melbourne, roofs collapsing at Southern Cross station and Docklands Stadium, and power cuts to over 120,000 households around Victoria. 40,000 insurance claims for over $500 million were lodged.|
|22 March 2010||Perth, Western Australia, Australia||The hailstorm that struck after a long dry spell lasted only a few minutes but caused damage to many houses, a number of hospitals and schools, and an airport terminal. The storm damaged thousands of cars, cut power lines and left 150,000 houses and many traffic lights without power. The storm also caused a landslip at King's Park.|
|27 November 2014||Brisbane, Queensland, Australia||The 2014 Brisbane hailstorm caused severe damage to many buildings and cars in the city. It struck central parts of the city during the afternoon peak period. Around 40 people were injured. Three months after the event it was estimated that the storm caused $1.1 billion worth of damage.|
Largest by country
- 27 August 1973 - Cedoux, Saskatchewan, Canada, nicknamed Gawel stone at a diameter of heaviest at and 290 g (10 oz) 
- 14 April 1986 - Gopalganj District, Bangladesh (1.02 kg (2.25 lb))
- 14 April 1999 - Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
- 23 July 2010 - Vivian, South Dakota, United States (~8 in (200 mm) diameter & ~18.62 in (473 mm) circumference)
- 28 July 2013 - Reutlingen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany (14.1 cm diameter & 360-380 g weight)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hail.|
- Largest Hailstone in U.S. History Found
- "A History of Significant Weather Events in Southern California" (PDF). Retrieved 24 November 2013.
- "The Recorded Climatic History of Fort Collins, Colorado" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 April 2003.
- "Colorado hail statistics - Rocky Mountain Insurance Information Association". Rmiia.org. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
- "Calgary storm costliest in Canadian history". Torontosun.com. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
- "Urban hailstorms: a view from Alberta" (PDF). Springerlink.com. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
- "Today's Weather Trivia: Dodge City, KS". Crh.noaa.gov. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
- "National Weather Service Forecast Office - WFO, Ft. Worth, Texas". Srh.noaa.gov. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
- "Storm Encyclopedia". weather.com. Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
- "Storm Insurance".
- Fort Worth surveys tornado damage, counts the cost - March 30, 2000 - CNN.com Archived May 22, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
- "Storm Data and Unusual Weather Phenomena - National Weather Service" (PDF). Retrieved 24 November 2013.
- "NOAA's National Weather Service Weather Forecast Office - St Louis, MO". Crh.noaa.gov. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
- "Largest Hailstone in U.S. History Found". News.nationalgeographic.com. 28 October 2010. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
- St. Clair, Chris (12 April 2014). "Top Five Most Expensive Floods in Canada This Century". The Weather Network. Meteo Media. Retrieved 22 August 2016.
- April 2006 Weather Review - National Weather Service Forecast Office - WFO, Austin/San Antonio, Texas Archived July 24, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
- Preliminary Local Storm Report - National Weather Service
- "Central Texas Hailstorms were Costly - The Insurance Council of Texas". Archived from the original on 19 February 2012. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
- 2006 Year in Review - San Marcos Police Department
- "Losses from April Hailstorms in Central Texas Reach $160M". Insurance Journal. 2 June 2006. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
- News from the Planning and Development Services Department - City of San Marcos, Texas
- Storms strike again - News 8 Austin[dead link]
- "Hail Damage and Statistics". Rmiia.org. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
- Mecoy, Don (3 June 2010). "The Daily Oklahoman". Newsok.com. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
- Calgary hailstorm sets damage record
- "World Record Hail Stone Found". YouTube. 30 July 2010. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
- "April 28, 2012 Hailstorms In St. Louis Among The Most Costly In U.S. History". Crh.noaa.gov. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
- "June 13th 2012 Hailstorms - National Weather Service". Srh.noaa.gov. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
- Calgary Hail Storm Makes Environment Canada's Top 10 Extreme Weather Events
- San Antonio hail storm called costliest in Texas history with nearly $1.4 Billion in losses
- Hailstorm that hammered west metro Denver May 8 is costliest ever for Colorado
- Hail Damage and Statistics
- "Eleanor Cracknell, Assistant Archivist, cites: Barnes, J., The History of that Most Victorious Monarch Edward IIId (Cambridge, 1688), p. 583. in 'A King is Born at Windsor', Windsor Castle Chapel Archives and Chapter Library at stgeorges-windsor.org". Archived from the original on 4 June 2016. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
- "European Hailstorm Extremes". Torro.org.uk. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
- "THE GREAT HAILSTORM OF AUGUST 9, 1843". Geologywales.co.uk. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
- "Politika, May 25 1937". Archived from the original on 31 March 2012. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
- Webb, Jonathan D.C.; Elsom, Derek M. (2016). "Severe Hailstorms in the United Kingdom and Ireland: A Climatological Survey with Recent and Historical Case Studies". Extreme Weather: Forty Years of the Tornado and Storm Research Organisation (TORRO) (PDF). pp. 181–185. Retrieved 2 October 2018.
- "group history 1970–1989". Munich Re. 1 January 1974. Archived from the original on 2 December 2013. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
- sueddeutsche.de GmbH, Munich, Germany (29 June 2006). "Schweres Unwetter - ''Es sieht aus wie im Krieg'' - Panorama". sueddeutsche.de. Archived from the original on 12 February 2013. Retrieved 8 April 2010.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
- "Naturkatastrophen in Deutschland 1980-2015, April 2016" (PDF). p. 7. Retrieved 3 June 2017.
- "Schaden beläuft sich auf 100 Millionen Euro". Schwarzwälder Bote. 29 July 2013. Retrieved 3 June 2017.
- Kunz, Michael; et al. (2018). "The severe hailstorm in southwest Germany on 28 July 2013: characteristics, impacts and meteorological conditions". Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 144 (710): 231–50. doi:10.1002/qj.3197.
- "Heavy Hailstorm Floods Parts of Bulgaria's Sofia". novinite.com. 8 July 2014.
- "Damage Claims After Heavy Hailstorm in Sofia Worth Over BGN 100M". novinite. Retrieved 27 October 2014.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 7 August 2016. Retrieved 20 June 2016.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- Orr, David (7 November 2004). "Telegraph News". London: Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
- Yau, K., Weissman, P., & Yeomans, D. Meteorite Falls In China And Some Related Human Casualty Events, Meteoritics, Vol. 29, No. 6, pp. 864–871, ISSN 0026-1114, bibliographic code: 1994Metic..29..864Y.
- Death from above in ancient China, Sky & Telescope, March 1995, Vol. 89, Iss. 3, p. 15, ISSN 0037-6604.
- Webb, Sterling K., Juhl, Robert A. Meteorite deaths in Qingyang (Ch'ing-yang) in 1490, MeteoriteCentral.com website as archived on Mail-Archive.com, January 1, 2010. Retrieved March 13, 2013.
- "Orange-sized hail reported in India — History.com This Day in History — 4/30/1888". History.com. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
- "World: Heaviest Hailstone". Arizona State University. Archived from the original on 29 June 2015.
- "More casualties from China hail storm". CNN. 23 July 2002. Archived from the original on 3 June 2017. Retrieved 3 June 2017.
- Vince, Gaia (22 July 2002). "Giant hailstones kill 25 in China". New Scientist. Archived from the original on 13 April 2016. Retrieved 3 June 2017.
- "A Framework for Modelling Losses arising from Natural Catastrophes in South Africa" (PDF). University of Pretoria. Retrieved 27 May 2013.
- "Newspaper Article - WORST HAILSTORM IN LIVING MEMORY". Newspapers.nl.sg. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
- "100, 75, 50 Years Ago". The New York Times. 3 February 2011.
- "Catastrophe Events and the Community". Insurancecouncil.com.au. Archived from the original on 7 September 2009. Retrieved 8 April 2010.
- National Climate Centre. "Australian Climate Extremes-Storm". BOM. Archived from the original on 17 March 2009. Retrieved 8 April 2010.
- "Northgate Ward". Northgate Ward. 18 January 1985. Archived from the original on 24 February 2011. Retrieved 8 April 2010.
- The Sydney Hailstorm - 18 March 1990
- "The Sydney Hailstorm - 14 April 1999". Bom.gov.au. 14 April 1999. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
- "Sydney Hailstorm 14th April 1999". Australian Severe Weather. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
- "It was raining great balls of ice - Sydney Morning Herald". Smh.com.au. 10 December 2007. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
- Torrential Rain and Hailstones Bring Chaos
- Maria Hatzakis (14 February 2015). "Brisbane super storm damage bill tops $1 billion". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
- "Hail - The Canadian Encyclopedia". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 27 August 2016.
- Burt, Christopher C. "World's Largest Hailstones". Weather Underground. The Weather Company, LLC. Retrieved 27 August 2016.
- Charlton, Robert; Kachman, Bradley; Wojtiw, Lubomir. "Atlas of the Edmonton Tornado and Hailstorm, 1987 - A Commemorative Reflection on the Edmonton Tornado and Hailstorm, 1987". University of Alberta. Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences University of Alberta. Retrieved 27 August 2016.
- "Größte Hagelkörner Deutschlands". 18 June 2014. Archived from the original on 23 June 2014. Retrieved 3 June 2017.
- Flora, Snowden D. (1956). Hailstorms of the United States. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press.