List of counties in Nevada
|Independent city and Counties of Nevada|
|Location||State of Nevada|
1 Independent city
|Populations||(Counties only):743 (Esmeralda) – 2,292,476 (Clark)|
|Areas||(Counties only):264 square miles (680 km2) (Storey) – 18,147 square miles (47,000 km2) (Nye)|
There are 16 counties and 1 independent city in the U.S. state of Nevada. On November 25, 1861, the first Nevada Territorial Legislature established 9 counties. Nevada was admitted to the Union on October 31, 1864, with 11 counties. In 1969, Ormsby County and Carson City were consolidated into a single municipal government known as Carson City.
The FIPS county code is the five-digit Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) code which uniquely identifies counties and county equivalents in the United States. The three-digit number is unique to each individual county within a state, but to be unique within the entire United States, it must be prefixed by the state code. This means that, for example, while Churchill County, Nevada is 001, Alameda County, California and Baker County, Oregon are also 001. To uniquely identify Churchill County, Nevada, one must use the state code of 32 plus the county code of 001; therefore, the unique nationwide identifier for Churchill County, Nevada is 32001. The links in the column FIPS County Code are to the Census Bureau Info page for that county.
||FIPS code||County seat||Est.||Origin||Etymology||Population||Area||Map|
|Carson City||510||(Independent city)||1969||Founded 1858, consolidated with Ormsby county in 1969.||Carson River, named in turn for Christopher Houston (Kit) Carson (1809–1868), the frontier scout and soldier.||58,993||144 sq mi
|Churchill County||001||Fallon||1861||Original||Sylvester Churchill (1783–1862), a general in the Mexican–American War.||25,723||4,929 sq mi
|Clark County||003||Las Vegas||1909||Lincoln County||William A. Clark (1839–1925), former United States Senator from Montana, and builder of a railroad line through the area.||2,292,476||7,911 sq mi
|Douglas County||005||Minden||1861||Original||Stephen Arnold Douglas (1813–1861), former United States Senator from Illinois.||49,870||710 sq mi
|Elko County||007||Elko||1869||Lander County||A Shoshoni word meaning white woman. It is said, among the very old Shoshoni, that this is where they first saw a white woman.||53,915||17,182 sq mi
|Esmeralda County||009||Goldfield||1861||Original||Esmeralda Mining District, named in turn for the legend that a massive amount of emeralds was buried in what is now Nevada. Esmeralda is the Spanish and Portuguese word for emerald.||743||3,589 sq mi
|Eureka County||011||Eureka||1873||Lander County||Greek expression Eureka, meaning I have found it!, in reference to deposits of silver found in the vicinity.||1,903||4,176 sq mi
|Humboldt County||013||Winnemucca||1861||Original||Humboldt River, named in turn for Alexander von Humboldt (1769–1859), a German naturalist and explorer.||17,648||9,658 sq mi
|Lander County||015||Battle Mountain||1862||Churchill County & Humboldt County||Frederick W. Lander (1821–1862), an American Civil War general and developer of the area.||5,734||5,798 sq mi
|Lincoln County||017||Pioche||1866||Nye County and territory ceded by Arizona.||Abraham Lincoln (1809–1865), the sixteenth President of the United States.||4,525||10,635 sq mi
|Lyon County||019||Yerington||1861||Original||General Nathaniel Lyon (1818–1861), who was killed in action at the Battle of Wilson's Creek.||60,903||1,994 sq mi
|Mineral County||021||Hawthorne||1911||Esmeralda County||Mineral deposits in the area.||4,586||3,757 sq mi
|Nye County||023||Tonopah||1864||Esmeralda County||James W. Nye (1815–1876), a governor of the Nevada Territory and U.S. senator from Nevada.||53,450||18,147 sq mi
|Pershing County||027||Lovelock||1919||Humboldt County||John Joseph (Black Jack) Pershing (1860–1948), the World War I general.||6,741||6,009 sq mi
|Storey County||029||Virginia City||1861||Original||Edward Farris Storey (1829–1860), a captain killed at Pyramid Lake in the 1860 Paiute War.||4,143||264 sq mi
|Washoe County||031||Reno||1861||Original||The Washoe, a small Indian tribe that inhabits the area.||493,392||6,342 sq mi
|White Pine County||033||Ely||1869||Lander County||Heavy growth of pine trees in the area, thought to be white pine.||9,182||8,877 sq mi
- Bullfrog County, Nevada, formed in 1987 from part of Nye county. Creation declared unconstitutional and abolished in 1989.
- Lake County, Nevada, one of the original nine counties formed in 1861. Renamed Roop County in 1862. Part became Lassen County, California in 1864. Nevada remainder annexed in 1883 to Washoe county.
- Ormsby County, Nevada, one of the original nine counties formed in 1861. Consolidated in 1969 with the county seat, Carson City, forming the independent city of that name.
- "Political History of Nevada". Nevada State Library and Archives. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-08-17.
- "EPA County FIPS Code Listing". US Environmental Protection Agency. Archived from the original on 2012-10-08. Retrieved 2007-08-18.
- "NACo – Find a county". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on July 6, 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-16.
- "Counties of Nevada". Nevada-History.org. Retrieved 2007-08-18.
- "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Nevada". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 31, 2022.
- "Nevada QuickFacts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2007-08-16. (2000 Census)