List of sovereign states and dependent territories by fertility rate

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A world map showing countries by fertility rate (2016) - according to CIA World Factbook of 2016

This is a list of all countries and dependent territories by total fertility rate (TFR): the expected number of children born per woman in her child-bearing years.

Methodology[edit]

The World Bank ranking list is based on the data for the year 2014, published in 2016.[1] The World Bank is a United Nations international financial institution, a component of the World Bank Group, and a member of the United Nations Development Group, but it also collects and analyses information on demography issues based on international and national sources: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.

The Population Reference Bureau (PRB) ranking list is based on the data of the 2016 World Population Data Sheet[2] published online. The Population Reference Bureau (PRB)[3] is a private, nonprofit organization which informs people around the world about population, health and the environment for research or academic purposes. It was founded in 1929. World Population Data Sheets are double-sided wallcharts (now published online) that present detailed information on demographic, health and environment indicators for more than 200 countries.

The CIA ranking list is sourced from the CIA World Factbook[4] unless otherwise specified. Sovereign states and countries are ranked. Some countries might not be listed because they are not fully recognized as countries at the time of this census.

The Population Reference Bureau (PRB) Country ranking and comparison by TFR: 1970 and 2013 list is sourced and based on the data of the 2014 World Population Data Sheet[5] published online.[6][7]

The UN ranking list is sourced from the United Nations World Population Prospects. Figures are from the 2015 revision of the United Nations World Population Prospects report, for the period 2015-2020, using the medium assumption.[8][9] Only countries/territories with a population of 100,000 or more in 2015 are included. Rank is based on 2015-2020 figure.

Country ranking by verified TFR and estimate[edit]

2016 List by the World Bank 2016 List by the Population Reference Bureau 2016 List by the CIA World Factbook
Rank Country Fertility rate
in 2014
(births/woman)
1  Niger 7.6
2  Somalia 6.5
3  Mali 6.2
4  Chad 6.2
5  Angola 6.1
6  DR Congo 6.0
7  Burundi 5.9
8  Uganda 5.8
9  Gambia, The 5.7
10  Nigeria 5.7
11  Burkina Faso 5.5
12  Mozambique 5.4
13  Zambia 5.4
14  Tanzania 5.1
15  Malawi 5.1
16  Timor-Leste 5.1
17  Senegal 5.1
18  South Sudan 5.0
19  Guinea 5.0
20  Cote d'Ivoire 5.0
21  Republic of the Congo 4.9
22  Afghanistan 4.8
23  Equatorial Guinea 4.8
24  Guinea-Bissau 4.8
25  Benin 4.8
26  Liberia 4.7
27  Cameroon 4.7
28  Sierra Leone 4.6
29  Mauritania 4.6
30  Togo 4.6
31  Sao Tome and Principe 4.6
32  Iraq 4.6
33  Comoros 4.5
34  Madagascar 4.4
35  Ethiopia 4.4
36  Sudan 4.4
37  Kenya 4.3
38  Central African Republic 4.3
39  Eritrea 4.3
40  Palestinian territories (Gaza Strip and West Bank) 4.2
41  Ghana 4.2
42  Yemen 4.2
43  Samoa 4.1
44  Solomon Islands 4.0
45  Zimbabwe 3.9
46  Gabon 3.9
47  Rwanda 3.9
48  Papua New Guinea 3.8
49  Kiribati 3.7
50  Tonga 3.7
51  Pakistan 3.6
52  Namibia 3.5
53  Tajikistan 3.5
54  Jordan 3.4
55  Vanuatu 3.3
56  Egypt 3.3
57  Swaziland 3.3
58  Federated States of Micronesia 3.2
59  Guatemala 3.2
60  Kyrgyzstan 3.2
61  Djibouti 3.2
62  Lesotho 3.2
63  Israel 3.1
64  Haiti 3.0
65  Philippines 3.0
66  Laos 3.0
67  Bolivia 3.0
68  Syria 3.0
69  Algeria 2.9
70  Botswana 2.8
71  Oman 2.8
72  Saudi Arabia 2.8
73  Kazakhstan 2.7
74  Mongolia 2.7
75  Cambodia 2.6
76  Faroe Islands (Denmark) 2.6
77  Belize 2.6
78  Fiji 2.6
79  Guyana 2.6
80  Ecuador 2.5
81  Paraguay 2.5
82  Morocco 2.5
83  Dominican Republic 2.5
84  Libya 2.5
85  Indonesia 2.5
86  Peru 2.5
  World 2.5
87  Panama 2.4
88  India 2.4
89  Guam (US) 2.4
90  Honduras 2.4
91  Venezuela 2.4
92  South Africa 2.4
93  Suriname 2.4
94  Argentina 2.3
95  Cabo Verde 2.3
96  Turkmenistan 2.3
97  Seychelles 2.3
98  Nicaragua 2.3
99  Mexico 2.2
100  New Caledonia (France) 2.2
101    Nepal 2.2
102  Myanmar (Burma) 2.2
103  Uzbekistan 2.2
104  Tunisia 2.2
105  Bangladesh 2.2
106  Grenada 2.1
107  Maldives 2.1
108  Kuwait 2.1
109  Kosovo 2.1
110  Sri Lanka 2.1
111  Antigua and Barbuda 2.1
112  Turkey 2.1
113  Bahrain 2.1
  Population Replacement 2.1
114  Jamaica 2.0
115  French Polynesia (France) 2.0
116  Greenland (Denmark) 2.0
117  Bhutan 2.0
118  Qatar 2.0
119  Uruguay 2.0
120  Curaçao (Netherlands) 2.0
121  Azerbaijan 2.0
122  France 2.0
123  North Korea 2.0
124  St. Vincent and the Grenadines 2.0
125  Vietnam 2.0
126  Ireland 2.0
127  Malaysia 1.9
128  El Salvador 1.9
129  Iceland 1.9
130  New Zealand 2.0
131  Colombia 1.9
132  St. Lucia 1.9
133  Sweden 1.9
134  Brunei 1.9
135  Bahamas, The 1.9
136  United States 1.9
137  Australia 1.9
138  United Kingdom 1.8
139  Costa Rica 1.8
140  Georgia 1.8
141  Saint Martin (France) 1.8
142  Barbados 1.8
143  Brazil 1.8
144  Albania 1.8
145  United Arab Emirates 1.8
146  Norway 1.8
147  Trinidad and Tobago 1.8
148  Chile 1.8
149  United States Virgin Islands (US) 1.8
150  Finland 1.8
151  Belgium 1.8
152  Lebanon 1.7
153  Iran 1.7
154  Russia 1.7
155  Montenegro 1.7
156  Netherlands 1.7
157  Denmark 1.7
158  Aruba (Netherlands) 1.7
159  Bermuda (UK) 1.6
160  Belarus 1.6
161  Cuba 1.6
162  Canada 1.6
163  Lithuania 1.6
164  China 1.6
165  Slovenia 1.6
166  Luxembourg 1.6
167  Armenia 1.5
168  Macedonia 1.5
169  Latvia 1.5
170   Switzerland 1.5
171  Estonia 1.5
172  Thailand 1.5
173  Ukraine 1.5
174  Bulgaria 1.5
175  Puerto Rico (US) 1.5
176 Channel Islands ( Guernsey (UK) and  Jersey) (UK) 1.5
177  Czech Republic 1.5
178  Croatia 1.5
179  Liechtenstein 1.4
180  Cyprus 1.4
181  Austria 1.4
182  Mauritius 1.4
183  Serbia 1.4
184  Japan 1.4
185  Romania 1.4
186  Germany 1.4
187  Italy 1.4
188  Malta 1.4
189  Hungary 1.4
190  Slovak Republic 1.3
191  Greece 1.3
192  Poland 1.3
193  Spain 1.3
194  Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.3
195  Moldova 1.3
196  Singapore 1.3
197  Macau (China) 1.2
198  Hong Kong (China) 1.2
199  Portugal 1.2
200  South Korea 1.2
  Major Regions
1 Sub-Saharan Africa 5.0
2 Arab World 3.4
3 Pacific island small states 3.3
4 Other small states 3.2
5 Small states 3.0
6 Middle East and North Africa 2.8
7 South Asia 2.6
8 Latin America and Caribbean 2.1
9 Caribbean small states 2.1
10 North America 1.8
11 East Asia and Pacific 1.8
12 Europe and Central Asia 1.7
13 Central Europe and the Baltics 1.4
  International Organizations
1 OECD members 1.7
2 European Union 1.5
  Security Situation
1 Fragile and conflict affected situations 4.4
  Economic Areas
1 Euro area 1.5
  Economic Situation
1 Heavily indebted poor countries 5.0
2 Least developed countries: UN classification 4.2
  Economic Income
1 Low income countries 4.8
2 Lower middle income countries 2.8
3 Low and middle income countries 2.6
4 Middle income countries 2.4
5 Upper middle income countries 1.8
6 High income countries 1.7
  Not Ranked
1  American Samoa (US) -
2  Andorra -
3  British Virgin Islands (UK) -
4  Cayman Islands (UK) -
5  Dominica -
6  French Guiana (France) -
7  Gibraltar (UK) -
8  Guadeloupe (France) -
9  Isle of Man (UK) -
10  Marshall Islands -
11  Mayotte (France) -
12  Monaco -
13  Nauru -
14  Northern Mariana Islands (US) -
15  Palau -
16  San Marino -
17  Sint Maarten (Dutch part) -
18  St. Kitts and Nevis -
19  Turks and Caicos Islands -
20  Tuvalu -
21   Vatican City -
22  Western Sahara -
Rank Country Fertility rate
in 2016
(births/woman)
1  Niger 7.6
2  South Sudan 6.7
3  Congo, Democratic Republic of the 6.5
4  Somalia 6.4
5  Chad 6.4
6  Burundi 6.1
7  Angola 6.0
8  Mali 6.0
9  Mozambique 5.9
10  Uganda 5.8
11  Burkina Faso 5.7
12  Timor-Leste 5.7
13  Gambia 5.6
14  Nigeria 5.5
15  Zambia 5.3
16  Afghanistan 5.3
17  Tanzania 5.2
18  Sudan 5.2
19  Guinea 5.1
20  Samoa 5.1
21  Senegal 5.0
22  Cameroon 4.9
23  Côte d’Ivoire 4.9
24  Guinea-Bissau 4.9
25  Sierra Leone 4.9
26  Equatorial Guinea 4.9
27  Congo 4.7
28  Benin 4.7
29  Togo 4.7
30  Liberia 4.7
31  Malawi 4.4
32  Central African Republic 4.4
33  Sao Tome and Principe 4.4
34  Madagascar 4.3
35  Comoros 4.3
36  Rwanda 4.2
37  Ghana 4.2
38  Eritrea 4.2
39  Yemen 4.2
40  Vanuatu 4.2
41  Iraq 4.2
42  Mauritania 4.2
43  Ethiopia 4.2
44  Palestinian Territory (Gaza Strip and West Bank) 4.1
45  Gabon 4.1
46  Marshall Islands 4.1
47  Tonga 4.1
48  Zimbabwe 4.0
49  Solomon Islands 4.0
50  Mayotte (France) 4.0
51  Kenya 3.9
52  Nauru 3.9
53  Kiribati 3.8
54  Kyrgyzstan 3.8
55  Pakistan 3.7
56  Papua New Guinea 3.7
57  Tajikistan 3.6
58  Namibia 3.6
59  Egypt 3.5
60  Jordan 3.5
61  French Guiana (France) 3.5
62  Djibouti 3.4
63  Micronesia, Federated States of 3.4
64  Swaziland 3.3
65  Lesotho 3.3
66  Haiti 3.2
67  Tuvalu 3.2
68  Bolivia 3.2
69  Mongolia 3.1
70  Algeria 3.1
71  Laos 3.1
72  Guatemala 3.1
73  Israel 3.1
74  Fiji 3.1
75  Guam (US) 3.0
76  Oman 2.9
77  Botswana 2.8
78  Philippines 2.8
79  Saudi Arabia 2.8
80  Syria 2.7
81  Cambodia 2.6
82  Kazakhstan 2.6
83  Paraguay 2.6
84  Guyana 2.6
85  Uzbekistan 2.5
86  Honduras 2.5
87  Ecuador 2.5
88  Peru 2.5
89  Indonesia 2.5
90  Belize 2.5
91  Maldives 2.5
92  Reunion (France) 2.5
  World 2.5
93  South Africa 2.4
94  Morocco 2.4
95  Venezuela 2.4
96  Nicaragua 2.4
97  Dominican Republic 2.4
98  Tunisia 2.4
99  Libya 2.4
100  Panama 2.4
101  Seychelles 2.4
102    Nepal 2.3
103  India 2.3
104  Cape Verde 2.3
105  Bangladesh 2.3
106  Myanmar (Burma) 2.3
107  Argentina 2.3
108  Suriname 2.3
109  New Caledonia (France) 2.3
110  Kosovo 2.3
111  Colombia 2.3
112  Turkmenistan 2.2
113  Mexico 2.2
114  Kuwait 2.2
115  Guadeloupe (France) 2.2
116  Bhutan 2.1
117  Western Sahara 2.1
118  Azerbaijan 2.1
119  Turkey 2.1
120  Grenada 2.1
121  Sri Lanka 2.1
122  Bahrain 2.1
123  Viet Nam 2.1
124  Dominica 2.1
125  Palau 2.1
126  Martinique (France) 2.1
  Population Replacement 2.1
127  El Salvador 2.0
128  Malaysia 2.0
129  French Polynesia (France) 2.0
130  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2.0
131  Korea, North 2.0
132  Jamaica 2.0
133  New Zealand 2.0
134  Qatar 2.0
135  Brunei 1.9
136  Ireland 1.9
137  Uruguay 1.9
138  France 1.9
139  Curaçao (Netherlands) 1.9
140  Iran 1.8
141  Costa Rica 1.8
142  Chile 1.8
143  Saint Kitts and Nevis 1.8
144  Bahamas 1.8
145  Brazil 1.8
146  Belarus 1.8
147  Australia 1.8
148  Russia 1.8
149  Iceland 1.8
150  Sweden 1.8
151  United Kingdom 1.8
152  United States 1.8
153  United Arab Emirates 1.8
154  Lebanon 1.7
155  Trinidad and Tobago 1.7
156  Georgia 1.7
157  Barbados 1.7
158  Norway 1.7
159  Belgium 1.7
160  Cuba 1.7
161  Albania 1.7
162  Denmark 1.7
163  Netherlands 1.7
164  Armenia 1.6
165  Montenegro 1.6
166  Thailand 1.6
167  China (mainland only) 1.6
168  Estonia 1.6
169  Czech Republic 1.6
170  Liechtenstein 1.6
171  Lithuania 1.6
172  Latvia 1.6
173  Canada 1.6
174  Finland 1.6
175  Slovenia 1.6
176 Channel Islands -  Guernsey and  Jersey (UK) 1.6
-  European Union 1.6
177  Antigua and Barbuda 1.5
178  Saint Lucia 1.5
179  Luxembourg 1.5
180  Macedonia 1.5
181  Austria 1.5
182   Switzerland 1.5
183  Ukraine 1.5
184  Germany 1.5
185  Serbia 1.5
186  Croatia 1.5
187  Bulgaria 1.5
188  Japan 1.5
189  San Marino 1.5
190  Monaco 1.5
191  Cyprus 1.4
192  Slovakia 1.4
193  Malta 1.4
194  Puerto Rico (US) 1.4
195  Mauritius 1.4
196  Hungary 1.4
197  Italy 1.4
198  Moldova 1.3
199  Poland 1.3
200  Spain 1.3
201  Portugal 1.3
202  Greece 1.3
203  Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.3
204  Korea, South 1.2
205  Andorra 1.2
206  Taiwan 1.2
207  Romania 1.2
208  Hong Kong (China) 1.2
209  Singapore 1.2
210  Macau (China) 1.1
  Not Ranked
1  Christmas Island (Australia) -
2  Cocos (Keeling) Islands (Australia) -
3  Falkland Islands (UK) -
7  Niue -
8  Norfolk Island (Australia) -
9  Pitcairn Islands (UK) -
10  Svalbard (Norway) -
11  Tokelau (New Zealand) -
12   Vatican City -
Rank Country Fertility rate
2016 est.
(births/woman)
1  Niger 6.62
2  Burundi 6.04
3  Mali 5.95
4  Somalia 5.89
5  Uganda 5.80
6  Burkina Faso 5.79
7  Zambia 5.67
8  Malawi 5.54
9  Angola 5.31
10  Afghanistan 5.22
11  South Sudan 5.19
12  Mozambique 5.15
13  Nigeria 5.13
14  Ethiopia 5.07
15  Timor-Leste 4.90
16  Benin 4.86
17  Tanzania 4.83
18  Guinea 4.82
19  Sierra Leone 4.76
20  Cameroon 4.70
21  Republic of the Congo 4.63
22  Liberia 4.60
23  Congo, Democratic Republic of the 4.53
24  Equatorial Guinea 4.48
25  Rwanda 4.46
26  Chad 4.45
27  Togo 4.43
28  Gabon 4.43
29  Sao Tome and Principe 4.40
30  Senegal 4.36
31  Central African Republic 4.36
32  Gaza Strip (Palestinian Territories) 4.30
33  Guinea-Bissau 4.16
34  Madagascar 4.12
35  Eritrea 4.07
36  Iraq 4.06
37  Ghana 4.03
38  Western Sahara 3.93
39  Mauritania 3.93
40  Yemen 3.77
41  Sudan 3.68
42  Gambia, The 3.63
43  Egypt 3.53
44  Zimbabwe 3.50
45  Comoros 3.47
46  Côte d’Ivoire 3.46
47  Namibia 3.36
48  West Bank (Palestinian Territories) 3.33
49  Solomon Islands 3.22
50  Jordan 3.18
51  Tonga 3.18
52  Vanuatu 3.16
53  Kenya 3.14
54  Papua New Guinea 3.10
55  Marshall Islands 3.09
56  Philippines 3.06
57  Tuvalu 2.98
58  Belize 2.90
59  American Samoa (US) 2.87
60  Nauru 2.84
61  Oman 2.84
62  Guatemala 2.83
63  Haiti 2.79
64  Samoa 2.77
65  Laos 2.76
66  Swaziland 2.74
67  Algeria 2.74
68  Honduras 2.72
69  Bolivia 2.68
70  Lesotho 2.68
71  Pakistan 2.68
72  Tajikistan 2.67
73  Israel 2.66
74  Kyrgyzstan 2.64
75  Cambodia 2.56
76  Syria 2.55
77  Malaysia 2.53
78  India 2.45
79  Micronesia, Federated States of 2.45
80  Kuwait 2.44
81  Fiji 2.44
82  Kiribati 2.43
  World 2.42
83  Faroe Islands (Denmark) 2.36
84  Venezuela 2.35
85  Djibouti 2.35
86  United Arab Emirates 2.33
87  Panama 2.33
88  Guam (US) 2.31
89  South Africa 2.31
90  Dominican Republic 2.31
91  Botswana 2.30
92  Kazakhstan 2.28
93  Argentina 2.28
94  Cabo Verde 2.26
95  Mexico 2.25
96  Ecuador 2.22
97  Cook Islands 2.21
98  Bangladesh 2.19
99    Nepal 2.18
100  Peru 2.15
101  Burma (Myanmar) 2.15
102  Indonesia 2.13
103  Mongolia 2.13
104  Morocco 2.12
105  Saudi Arabia 2.11
  Population Replacement 2.10
106  Sri Lanka 2.09
107  Turkmenistan 2.08
108  France 2.07
109  Curacao (Netherlands) 2.06
110  Sint Maarten (Netherlands) 2.06
111  Dominica 2.04
112  Grenada 2.04
113  Guyana 2.04
114  Libya 2.04
115  Turkey 2.03
116  New Zealand 2.03
117  Colombia 2.02
118  Antigua and Barbuda 2.01
119  Iceland 2.01
120  Greenland (Denmark) 2.01
121  Jamaica 1.99
122  Ireland 1.98
123  Tunisia 1.98
124  Northern Mariana Islands (US) 1.96
125  Korea, North 1.96
126  Suriname 1.95
127  New Caledonia (France) 1.95
128  Bahamas, The 1.95
129  Bermuda (UK) 1.94
130  Bhutan 1.93
131  Isle of Man (UK) 1.93
132  Nicaragua 1.92
133  Gibraltar (UK) 1.91
134  Paraguay 1.91
135  Qatar 1.90
136  French Polynesia (France) 1.90
137  Costa Rica 1.90
138  Azerbaijan 1.90
139  United Kingdom 1.89
140  El Salvador 1.89
141  Sweden 1.88
142  United States 1.87
143  Norway 1.86
144  Seychelles 1.86
145  Cayman Islands (UK) 1.85
146  Aruba (Netherlands) 1.84
147  Iran 1.83
148  Vietnam 1.82
149  Uruguay 1.81
150  Chile 1.81
151  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1.81
152  Brunei 1.79
153  Belgium 1.78
154  Uzbekistan 1.78
155  Netherlands 1.78
156  Saint Kitts and Nevis 1.78
157  Bahrain 1.77
158  Australia 1.77
159  Georgia 1.76
160  Brazil 1.76
161  Saint Lucia 1.75
162  Finland 1.75
163  Anguilla (UK) 1.75
164  Mauritius 1.75
165  Wallis and Futuna (France) 1.74
166  Denmark 1.73
167  United States Virgin Islands (US ) 1.73
168  Maldives 1.73
169  Lebanon 1.73
170  Trinidad and Tobago 1.71
171  Palau 1.71
172  Cuba 1.71
173  Turks and Caicos Islands (UK) 1.70
174  Liechtenstein 1.69
175  Barbados 1.68
176  Jersey (UK) 1.66
177  Armenia 1.64
178  Puerto Rico (US) 1.64
179  Russia 1.61
180  Luxembourg 1.61
181  Macedonia 1.60
-  European Union 1.60
182  China 1.60
183  Canada 1.60
184  Estonia 1.60
185  Lithuania 1.59
186  Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (UK) 1.58
187  Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France) 1.56
188  Moldova 1.56
189  Guernsey (UK) 1.56
190   Switzerland 1.55
191  Malta 1.55
192  Ukraine 1.54
193  Monaco 1.53
194  Portugal 1.53
195  Latvia 1.51
196  Thailand 1.51
197  Albania 1.51
198  San Marino 1.50
199  Spain 1.49
200  Belarus 1.48
201  Cyprus 1.47
202  Austria 1.47
203  Bulgaria 1.46
204  Czech Republic 1.45
205  Germany 1.44
206  Hungary 1.44
207  Serbia 1.43
208  Italy 1.43
209  Greece 1.42
210  Japan 1.41
211  Slovakia 1.40
212  Andorra 1.39
213  Croatia 1.39
214  Slovenia 1.35
215  Poland 1.34
216  Romania 1.34
217  Montserrat (UK) 1.31
218  British Virgin Islands (UK) 1.28
219  Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.28
220  Korea, South 1.25
221  Hong Kong (China) 1.19
222  Republic of China (Taiwan) 1.12
223  Macau (China) 0.94
224  Singapore 0.82
  Not Ranked
1  Christmas Island (Australia) -
2  Cocos (Keeling) Islands (Australia) -
3  Falkland Islands (UK) -
4  French Guiana (France) -
5  Kosovo -
6  Montenegro -
7  Niue -
8  Norfolk Island (Australia) -
9  Pitcairn Islands (UK) -
10  Svalbard (Norway) -
11  Tokelau (New Zealand) -
12   Vatican City -
13  Western Sahara -

Note:

(-) Data unavailable, inapplicable, not collected or country or dependent territory not included. Sovereign states and dependent territories listed by alphabetical order, not ranked.

Country ranking and comparison of TFR by year[edit]

1970 and 2014[edit]

1970 List by the Population Reference Bureau 2014 List by the Population Reference Bureau
Rank Country Fertility rate
in 1970
(births/woman)
1  Rwanda 8.2
2  Kenya 8.1
3  Côte d’Ivoire 7.9
4  Palestinian Territory (Israeli-occupied territories -> Palestinian Territories) 7.9
5  Mayotte (French Colonial Empire -> French Overseas Department) 7.9
6  Libya 7.9
7  Jordan 7.9
8  Afghanistan 7.7
9  Mongolia 7.6
10  Algeria 7.6
11  Syria 7.6
12  Yemen ( North Yemen and  South Yemen) 7.5
13  Zambia 7.4
14  Rhodesia (->  Zimbabwe) 7.4
15  Iraq 7.4
16  Niger 7.4
17  Saudi Arabia 7.3
18  Madagascar 7.3
19  Malawi 7.3
20  Burundi 7.3
21  Senegal 7.3
22  Oman 7.3
23  Angola (Portuguese Angola ->  Angola) 7.3
24  Honduras 7.3
25  Maldives 7.2
26  Somalia 7.2
27  Kuwait 7.2
28  Samoa 7.2
29  Comoros (French Colonial Empire ->  Comoros) 7.1
30  Togo 7.1
31  Uganda 7.1
32  Bangladesh (East Pakistan ->  Bangladesh) 7.0
33  Ethiopia 7.0
34  Ghana 7.0
35  Nicaragua 6.9
36  Tajik SSR ( Soviet Union ->  Tajikistan) 6.9
37  Mali 6.9
38  South Sudan ( Sudan ->  South Sudan) 6.9
39  Swaziland 6.9
40  Cape Verde (Portuguese Empire ->  Cape Verde) 6.9
41  Micronesia, Federated States of (Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands ->  Micronesia, Federated States of) 6.9
42  Qatar (British Empire ->  Qatar) 6.9
43  Sudan 6.9
44  Solomon Islands (British Empire ->  Solomon Islands) 6.9
45  Benin 6.8
46  Mauritania 6.8
47  Djibouti (French Territory of the Afars and the Issas ->  Djibouti) 6.8
48  Tanzania 6.8
49  Sierra Leone 6.7
50  Morocco 6.7
51  Liberia 6.7
52  Mexico 6.7
53  Eritrea ( Ethiopia ->  Eritrea) 6.7
54  Bhutan 6.7
55  Republic of Upper Volta (->  Burkina Faso) 6.6
56  United Arab Emirates (British Empire ->  United Arab Emirates) 6.6
57  Western Sahara (Spanish Sahara -> Moroccan Occupation) 6.6
58  Mozambique (Portuguese Mozambique ->  Mozambique) 6.6
59  Pakistan 6.6
60  Botswana 6.6
61  Bolivia 6.6
62  Cambodia 6.5
63  Sao Tome and Principe (Portuguese Empire ->  Sao Tome and Principe) 6.5
64  Vietnam ( North Vietnam and  South Vietnam) 6.5
65  Bahrain (British Empire ->  Bahrain) 6.5
66  Nigeria 6.5
67  Namibia (South-West Africa ->  Namibia) 6.5
68  Chad 6.5
69  Uzbek SSR ( Soviet Union ->  Uzbekistan) 6.5
70  Iran 6.4
71  Tunisia 6.4
72  Turkmen SSR ( Soviet Union ->  Turkmenistan) 6.3
73  Peru 6.3
74  New Hebrides (French Colonial Empire ->  Vanuatu) 6.3
75  Philippines 6.3
76  Belize (British Empire ->  Belize) 6.3
77  Republic of the Congo 6.3
78  Territory of Papua and New Guinea ( Australia ->  Papua New Guinea) 6.2
79  Cameroon 6.2
80  Dominican Republic 6.2
81  Guinea 6.2
82  El Salvador 6.2
83  Zaire (->  Congo, Democratic Republic of the) 6.2
84  Guatemala 6.2
85  Guinea-Bissau (Portuguese Guinea ->  Guinea-Bissau) 6.1
86  Ecuador 6.1
87  Saint Lucia (British Empire ->  Saint Lucia) 6.1
88  Gilbert Islands (British Empire ->  Kiribati) 6.1
89  Gambia, The 6.1
90  Central African Republic 6.0
91    Nepal 6.0
92  Burma (->  Myanmar) 6.0
93  Laos 6.0
94  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (British Empire ->  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines) 6.0
95  Egypt 5.9
96  Timor-Leste (Portuguese Timor ->  Timor-Leste) 5.9
97  Tonga 5.9
98  Seychelles (British Empire ->  Seychelles) 5.8
99  Brunei (British Empire ->  Brunei) 5.8
100  Lesotho 5.8
101  Haiti 5.8
102  Equatorial Guinea 5.7
103  Turkey 5.7
104  Paraguay 5.7
105  Suriname (Dutch Empire ->  Suriname) 5.7
106  Colombia 5.6
107  Thailand 5.6
108  South Africa 5.6
109  India 5.5
110  People's Republic of China (mainland only) 5.5
111  Indonesia 5.5
112  Jamaica 5.5
113  Venezuela 5.4
114  New Caledonia (French Colonial Empire -> Overseas departments and territories of France) 5.3
115  Panama 5.2
116  French Polynesia (French Colonial Empire -> French Overseas Collectivity) 5.1
116  Gabon 5.1
117  Albania 5.1
118  Guyana 5.1
119  Lebanon 5.0
120  Brazil 5.0
121  Costa Rica 4.9
122  Malaysia 4.9
123  Kirghiz SSR ( Soviet Union ->  Kyrgyzstan) 4.9
124  Guadeloupe (French Colonial Empire -> French Overseas Department) 4.9
125  Reunion (French Colonial Empire -> French Overseas Department) 4.8
126  French Guiana (French Colonial Empire -> French Overseas Department) 4.7
  World 4.7
127  Azerbaijan SSR ( Soviet Union ->  Azerbaijan) 4.6
128  Martinique (French Colonial Empire -> French Overseas Department 4.6
129  Grenada (British Empire ->  Grenada) 4.6
130  Fiji 4.5
131  Korea, South 4.5
132  Guam (US) 4.4
133  Korea, North 4.3
134  Sri Lanka 4.3
135  Chile 4.0
136  Cuba 4.0
137  Ireland 3.9
138  Republic of China (Taiwan) 3.9
139  Israel 3.8
140  Mauritius 3.8
141  Antigua and Barbuda (British Empire ->  Antigua and Barbuda) 3.7
142  Trinidad and Tobago 3.6
143  Bahamas, The (British Empire ->  Bahamas, The) 3.5
144  Kazakh SSR ( Soviet Union ->  Kazakhstan) 3.5
145  Curaçao (Dutch Empire -> Dutch Caribbean) 3.3
146  Hong Kong (British Hong Kong ->  People's Republic of China) 3.3
147  Puerto Rico (US) 3.2
148  New Zealand 3.2
149  Armenian SSR ( Soviet Union ->  Armenia) 3.2
150  Singapore 3.2
151  Argentina 3.1
152  Barbados 3.1
153  SR Macedonia ( Yugoslavia ->  Macedonia) 3.0
154  Portugal 3.0
155  Australia 2.9
156  Spain 2.9
157  Uruguay 2.9
158  Romania 2.9
159  Iceland 2.8
160  SR Montenegro ( Yugoslavia ->  Montenegro) 2.7
161  SR Bosnia and Herzegovina ( Yugoslavia ->  Bosnia and Herzegovina) 2.7
162  Netherlands 2.6
163  Moldavian SSR ( Soviet Union ->  Moldova) 2.6
164  Georgian SSR ( Soviet Union ->  Georgia) 2.6
165  Norway 2.5
166  Cyprus 2.5
167  United States 2.5
168  France 2.5
169  United Kingdom 2.4
170  Slovak Socialist Republic ( Czechoslovakia ->  Slovakia) 2.4
171  Italy 2.4
172  Lithuanian SSR ( Soviet Union ->  Lithuania) 2.4
173  SR Serbia ( Yugoslavia ->  Serbia) 2.4
174  Greece 2.4
175  Byelorussian SSR ( Soviet Union ->  Belarus) 2.3
176  Poland 2.3
177  Austria 2.3
178  Belgium 2.3
179  San Marino 2.2
180  SR Slovenia ( Yugoslavia ->  Slovenia) 2.2
181  Macau (Portuguese Macau ->  People's Republic of China) 2.2
182  Estonian SSR ( Soviet Union ->  Estonia) 2.2
183  Bulgaria 2.2
184  Canada 2.2
185  Germany ( West Germany and  East Germany) 2.1
186  Ukrainian SSR ( Soviet Union ->  Ukraine) 2.1
187 Channel Islands -  Guernsey and  Jersey (UK) 2.1
188   Switzerland 2.1
189  Japan 2.1
  Population Replacement 2.1
190  Latvian SSR ( Soviet Union ->  Latvia) 2.0
191  Denmark 2.0
192  Malta 2.0
193  Russian SFSR ( Soviet Union ->  Russia) 2.0
194  Luxembourg 2.0
195  Hungary 2.0
196  Czech Socialist Republic ( Czechoslovakia ->  Czech Republic) 1.9
197  Sweden 1.9
198  SR Croatia ( Yugoslavia ->  Croatia) 1.8
199  Finland 1.8
  Not Ranked
1  Andorra -
2  Czechoslovakia (dissolved in 1992) -
3  Dominica (British Empire ->  Dominica) -
4 Template:Country data Ellice Islands (British Empire - Ellice Islands ->  Tuvalu) -
5  Yugoslavia ( Yugoslavia ->  Serbia and Montenegro ->  Serbia ->  Kosovo) -
6  Liechtenstein -
7  Marshall Islands (Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands ->  Marshall Islands) -
8  Monaco -
9  Nauru -
10  Palau (Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands ->  Palau) -
11  Saint Kitts and Nevis (British Empire ->  Saint Kitts and Nevis) -
12  Soviet Union (dissolved in 1991) -
13   Vatican City -
14  Yugoslavia (dissolved in 1992) -
Rank Country Fertility rate
in 2013
(births/woman)
1  Niger 7.6
2  South Sudan 7.0
3  Somalia 6.6
4  Congo, Democratic Republic of the 6.6
5  Chad 6.6
6  Angola 6.2
7  Central African Republic 6.2
8  Burundi 6.1
9  Mali 6.1
10  Zambia 6.0
11  Burkina Faso 5.9
12  Uganda 5.9
13  Mozambique 5.7
14  Timor-Leste 5.7
15  Gambia, The 5.6
16  Nigeria 5.6
17  Malawi 5.5
18  Senegal 5.3
19  Tanzania 5.3
20  Sudan 5.2
21  Guinea 5.1
22  Cameroon 5.1
23  Afghanistan 5.1
24  Republic of the Congo 5.0
25  Guinea-Bissau 5.0
26  Benin 4.9
27  Côte d’Ivoire 4.9
28  Sierra Leone 4.9
29  Equatorial Guinea 4.9
30  Eritrea 4.7
31  Liberia 4.7
32  Togo 4.7
33  Samoa 4.7
34  Vanuatu 4.4
35  Yemen 4.4
36  Madagascar 4.4
37  Kenya 4.3
38  Sao Tome and Principe 4.3
39  Ghana 4.3
40  Comoros 4.3
41  Papua New Guinea 4.3
42  Nauru 4.3
43  Mauritania 4.1
44  Solomon Islands 4.1
45  Gabon 4.1
46  Marshall Islands 4.1
47  Mayotte (France) 4.1
48  Palestinian Territory 4.1
49  Iraq 4.1
50  Ethiopia 4.1
51  Rwanda 4.0
52  Tonga 3.9
53  Kiribati 3.8
54  Tajikistan 3.8
55  Pakistan 3.8
56  Guatemala 3.8
57  Zimbabwe 3.8
58  Namibia 3.6
59  French Guiana (France) 3.5
60  Micronesia, Federated States of 3.5
61  Jordan 3.5
62  Egypt 3.5
63  Haiti 3.4
64  Swaziland 3.4
65  Djibouti 3.4
66  Lesotho 3.3
67  Bolivia 3.2
68  Laos 3.2
69  Tuvalu 3.2
70  Kyrgyzstan 3.2
71  Guam (US) 3.1
72  Israel 3.0
73  Philippines 3.0
74  Syria 3.0
75  Mongolia 2.9
76  Saudi Arabia 2.9
77  Algeria 2.9
78  Ecuador 2.8
79  Paraguay 2.8
80  Honduras 2.8
81  Cambodia 2.8
82  Oman 2.8
83  Kazakhstan 2.7
84  Morocco 2.6
85  Suriname 2.6
86  Indonesia 2.6
87  Belize 2.6
88  Botswana 2.6
89  Cape Verde 2.6
90  Fiji 2.5
91  Dominican Republic 2.5
92  Bhutan 2.5
93  Guyana 2.5
94  Panama 2.5
95  Nicaragua 2.5
  World 2.5
96  India 2.4
97  Uzbekistan 2.4
98  Libya 2.4
99  Kuwait 2.4
100    Nepal 2.4
101  Venezuela 2.4
102  Western Sahara 2.4
103  Turkmenistan 2.4
104  Seychelles 2.4
105  Reunion (France) 2.4
106  Peru 2.4
107  Maldives 2.3
108  South Africa 2.3
109  Jamaica 2.3
110  Argentina 2.3
111  Colombia 2.3
112  Curaçao (Netherlands) 2.2
113  Tunisia 2.2
114  New Caledonia (France) 2.2
115  Bangladesh 2.2
116  Mexico 2.2
117  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2.2
118  Guadeloupe (France) 2.2
119  Azerbaijan 2.2
120  El Salvador 2.2
121  Sri Lanka 2.1
122  Malaysia 2.1
123  Bahrain 2.1
124  French Polynesia (France) 2.1
125  Turkey 2.1
126  Vietnam 2.1
127  Qatar 2.1
  Population Replacement 2.1
128  New Zealand 2.0
129  Ireland 2.0
130  Myanmar (Burma) 2.0
131  Uruguay 2.0
132  Korea, North 2.0
133  Dominica 2.0
134  France 2.0
135  Bahamas, The 2.0
136  Kosovo 2.0
137  Grenada 2.0
138  Sweden 1.9
139  Martinique (France) 1.9
140  Australia 1.9
141  United Kingdom 1.9
142  Chile 1.9
143  Iceland 1.9
144  United States 1.9
145  Norway 1.8
146  Finland 1.8
147  Belgium 1.8
148  Barbados 1.8
149  Costa Rica 1.8
150  United Arab Emirates 1.8
151  Antigua and Barbuda 1.8
152  Iran 1.8
153  Thailand 1.8
154  Brazil 1.8
155  Albania 1.8
156  Montenegro 1.7
157  Netherlands 1.7
158  Georgia 1.7
159  Belarus 1.7
160  Palau 1.7
161  Denmark 1.7
162 Channel Islands -  Guernsey and  Jersey (UK) 1.7
163  Russia 1.7
164  Cuba 1.7
165  Puerto Rico (US) 1.6
166  Croatia 1.6
167  Saint Kitts and Nevis 1.6
168  Trinidad and Tobago 1.6
169  Canada 1.6
170  People's Republic of China (mainland only) 1.6
171  Brunei 1.6
172  Lithuania 1.6
173  Luxembourg 1.6
174  Armenia 1.6
-  European Union 1.6
175  Macedonia 1.5
176  San Marino 1.5
177  Slovenia 1.5
178  Ukraine 1.5
179  Latvia 1.5
180  Estonia 1.5
181  Liechtenstein 1.5
182  Bulgaria 1.5
183  Czech Republic 1.5
184   Switzerland 1.5
185  Saint Lucia 1.5
186  Lebanon 1.5
187  Cyprus 1.5
188  Mauritius 1.4
189  Japan 1.4
190  Austria 1.4
191  Germany 1.4
192  Monaco 1.4
193  Malta 1.4
194  Serbia 1.4
195  Italy 1.4
196  Slovakia 1.3
197  Greece 1.3
198  Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.3
199  Romania 1.3
200  Hungary 1.3
201  Spain 1.3
202  Portugal 1.2
203  Singapore 1.2
204  Poland 1.2
205  Macau (China) 1.2
206  Korea, South 1.2
207  Moldova 1.2
208  Hong Kong (China) 1.1
209  Andorra 1.1
210  Republic of China (Taiwan) 1.1
  Not Ranked
1   Vatican City -

Notes:

(->) Country that changed name and flag, dependent territory that is now an independent country (sovereign state) from another current or extinct (dissolved) state or empire, former dependent territory from a sovereign state or empire that was included in another sovereign state.

(-) Data unavailable, inapplicable, not collected or country or dependent territory not included. Sovereign states and dependent territories listed by alphabetical order, not ranked.

Country ranking by TFR forecast[edit]

2015 List by the United Nations
Rank Country Fertility rate
2015-2020 (Medium Variant)
(births/woman)
1  Niger 7.46
2  Somalia 6.12
3  Mali 5.92
4  Chad 5.79
5  Angola 5.79
6  Burundi 5.66
7  DR Congo 5.66
8  Gambia 5.53
9  Uganda 5.46
10  Nigeria 5.41
11  Timor-Leste 5.33
12  Burkina Faso 5.23
13  Zambia 5.14
14  Mozambique 5.12
15  Tanzania 4.92
16  Malawi 4.88
17  Senegal 4.83
18  Côte d'Ivoire 4.77
19  South Sudan 4.73
20  Guinea 4.73
21  Republic of the Congo 4.64
22  Guinea-Bissau 4.56
23  Equatorial Guinea 4.52
24  Benin 4.50
25  Liberia 4.47
26  Cameroon 4.46
27  Mauritania 4.39
28  Sao Tome and Principe 4.36
29  Togo 4.35
30  Iraq 4.35
31  Sierra Leone 4.28
32  Afghanistan 4.25
33  Comoros 4.23
34  Madagascar 4.21
35  Sudan 4.13
36  Kenya 4.10
37  Eritrea 4.02
38  Central African Republic 4.02
39  Ethiopia 3.99
40  Palestinian territories (Gaza Strip and West Bank) 3.95
41  Ghana 3.95
42  Samoa 3.90
43  Yemen 3.79
44  Solomon Islands 3.76
45  Mayotte (France) 3.73
46  Gabon 3.68
47  Zimbabwe 3.65
48  Rwanda 3.62
49  Papua New Guinea 3.58
50  Tonga 3.58
51  Kiribati 3.58
52  Pakistan 3.38
53  Tajikistan 3.32
54  Namibia 3.31
55  Vanuatu 3.22
56  French Guiana (France) 3.28
57  Jordan 3.20
58  Egypt 3.16
59  Federated States of Micronesia 3.08
60  Swaziland 3.06
61  Guatemala 3.03
62  Lesotho 3.01
63  Djibouti 2.99
64  Kyrgyzstan 2.93
65  Israel 2.93
66  Philippines 2.87
67  Haiti 2.85
68  Bolivia 2.83
69  Laos 2.77
70  Syria 2.77
71  Botswana 2.67
72  Algeria 2.62
73  Saudi Arabia 2.59
74  Mongolia 2.54
75  Cambodia 2.53
76  Kazakhstan 2.53
77  Oman 2.51
78  Fiji 2.48
79  Guyana 2.47
  World 2.47
80  Belize 2.46
81  Paraguay 2.45
82  Ecuador 2.44
83  Morocco 2.38
84  Dominican Republic 2.38
85  Panama 2.36
86  Indonesia 2.36
87  Peru 2.35
88  India 2.34
89  Uzbekistan 2.33
90  Guam (US) 2.32
91  Libya 2.32
92  South Africa 2.28
93  Venezuela 2.28
94  Suriname 2.28
95  Argentina 2.27
96  Honduras 2.25
97  Turkmenistan 2.22
98  Azerbaijan 2.22
99  Seychelles 2.21
100  Cabo Verde 2.19
101  United States Virgin Islands (US) 2.18
102  Nicaragua 2.16
103  Mexico 2.14
104  Myanmar (Burma) 2.13
105  Réunion (France) 2.12
106  Guadeloupe (France) 2.10
  Population Replacement 2.10
107    Nepal 2.09
108  Bangladesh 2.08
109  Grenada 2.08
110  Tunisia 2.07
111  Western Sahara 2.06
112  Curaçao (Netherlands) 2.05
113  Kuwait 2.04
114  New Caledonia (France) 2.04
115  Sri Lanka 2.03
116  Antigua and Barbuda 2.03
117  Turkey 2.01
118  Ireland 2.00
119  Jamaica 1.99
120  French Polynesia (France) 1.99
121  New Zealand 1.99
122  France 1.99
123  Maldives 1.98
124  Bahrain 1.98
125  Uruguay 1.98
126  Qatar 1.95
127  Vietnam 1.95
128  North Korea 1.94
129  Bhutan 1.93
130  Sweden 1.93
131  United Kingdom 1.91
132  Iceland 1.90
133  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1.90
134  Malaysia 1.90
135  United States 1.90
136  Martinique (France) 1.88
137  El Salvador 1.87
138  Australia 1.86
139  Colombia 1.83
140  Bahamas 1.83
141  Belgium 1.83
142  Brunei 1.82
143  Saint Lucia 1.82
144  Georgia 1.82
145  Norway 1.81
146  Barbados 1.80
147  Albania 1.78
148  Finland 1.77
149  Netherlands 1.77
150  Denmark 1.76
151  Costa Rica 1.76
152  Brazil 1.74
153  Chile 1.73
154  United Arab Emirates 1.73
155  Trinidad and Tobago 1.73
156  Russia 1.72
157  Lebanon 1.71
158  Estonia 1.66
159  Montenegro 1.65
160  Slovenia 1.65
161  Belarus 1.64
162  Lithuania 1.63
163  Iran 1.62
164  Aruba (Netherlands) 1.62
165  Luxembourg 1.61
166  Bulgaria 1.60
167  China 1.59
168  Puerto Rico (US) 1.59
169  Serbia 1.59
170  Cuba 1.58
171   Switzerland 1.57
172  Canada 1.56
173  Ukraine 1.56
174  Latvia 1.55
175  Macedonia 1.55
176  Czech Republic 1.54
177  Austria 1.53
178  Romania 1.53
179  Armenia 1.51
180  Italy 1.49
181 Channel Islands -  Jersey and  Guernsey (UK) 1.49
182  Malta 1.49
183  Croatia 1.48
184  Thailand 1.46
185  Japan 1.46
186  Mauritius 1.44
187  Germany 1.44
188  Slovakia 1.44
189  Cyprus 1.42
190  Hungary 1.40
191  Spain 1.38
192  Macau (China) 1.34
193  Poland 1.33
194  South Korea 1.33
195  Greece 1.30
196  Hong Kong (China) 1.30
197  Singapore 1.26
198  Portugal 1.24
199  Moldova 1.23
200  Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.23
  Not Ranked
1  American Samoa (US) -
2  Andorra -
3  Anguilla (UK) -
4  Bermuda (UK) -
5  British Virgin Islands (UK) -
6  Cayman Islands (UK) -
7  Cook Islands -
8  Dominica -
9  Faroe Islands (Denmark) -
10  Gibraltar (UK) -
11  Greenland (Denmark) -
12  Isle of Man (UK) -
13  Kosovo -
14  Marshall Islands -
15  Monaco -
16  Montserrat (UK) -
17  Nauru -
18  Northern Mariana Islands (US) -
19  Palau -
20  Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (UK) -
21  Saint Kitts and Nevis -
22  Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France) -
23  San Marino -
24  Sint Maarten (Netherlands) -
25  Turks and Caicos Islands (UK) -
26   Vatican City -
27  Wallis and Futuna (France) -
28  Western Sahara -

Note:

(-) Data unavailable, inapplicable, not collected or country or dependent territory not included. Sovereign states and dependent territories listed by alphabetical order, not ranked.

See also[edit]

Case studies:

References[edit]