List of sovereign states and dependencies by total fertility rate

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Map of countries by total fertility rate (2020–2025), according to UNPD
Map of countries by total fertility rate (2020–2025), according to UNPD[1]

This is a list of all sovereign states and dependencies by total fertility rate (TFR): the expected number of children born per woman in her child-bearing years.

Methodology[edit]

The first lists show the most recent year where there is published total fertility rate (TFR) data ranked by sovereign states and dependencies, and are ordered by organization type - Intergovernmental, Governmental or Non-governmental organization that searched, organized and published the data.

Country ranking by most recent years lists:

Intergovernmental organizations ranking lists

The World Bank ranking list is based on the data for the year 2020 published online.[2] The World Bank is a United Nations international financial institution, a component of the World Bank Group, and a member of the United Nations Development Group, but it also collects and analyses information on demography issues based on international and national sources: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.

Note: Sometimes World Bank changes its figures of fertility rates for a certain year due to more accurate and updated information from sources. Because of that, sometimes it is necessary to update World Bank figures for fertility rates more than once for the same year.

Governmental organizations ranking lists

The CIA ranking list is sourced from the CIA World Factbook for the most recent year[3][4] unless otherwise specified. Sovereign states and countries are ranked. Some countries might not be listed because they are not fully recognized as countries at the time of this census.

The INED - Institut National d'Études Démographiques is based on the online publication Population & Sociétés - Tous les pays du monde (2019), number 569, September 2019.[5]

Non-governmental organizations ranking lists

The Population Reference Bureau (PRB) ranking list is based on the data of the 2021 World Population Data Sheet[6] published online. The PRB[7] is a private, nonprofit organization which informs people around the world about population, health and the environment for research or academic purposes. It was founded in 1929. World Population Data Sheets are double-sided wallcharts (now published online) that present detailed information on demographic, health and environment indicators for more than 200 countries.

Note: Changes in figures of fertility rates by country from one year to another do not always reflect an actual increase or decrease of fertility rates in a certain country but instead reflect a change made due to more accurate and updated information from sources.

The Our World In Data (OWID) Country ranking 2019 list is sourced and based on the OWID website (on the clickable map and quoted sources).[8][9] (OWID) is an online publication that presents empirical research and data that show how living conditions around the world are changing. The aim is to show how the world is changing and why. The publication is developed at the University of Oxford and authored by social historian and development economist Max Roser.

Comparison ranking lists:

The Our World In Data (OWID) Country ranking and comparison by TFR: 1950 and 2015 list is sourced and based on the OWID website (on the clickable map and quoted sources).[10][11] Our World In Data (OWID) is an online publication that presents empirical research and data that show how living conditions around the world are changing. The aim is to show how the world is changing and why. The publication is developed at the University of Oxford and authored by social historian and development economist Max Roser.

The World Bank Country ranking and comparison by TFR: 1960 and 2015 list is sourced and based on the online published demographic data of the World Bank website (on the clickable map and quoted sources).[12]

The Population Reference Bureau (PRB) Country ranking and comparison by TFR: 1970 and 2013 list is sourced and based on the data of the 2014 World Population Data Sheet[13] published online.[14][15]

Forecast/prediction ranking lists:

The UN ranking list is sourced from the United Nations World Population Prospects. Figures are from the 2015 revision of the United Nations World Population Prospects report, for the period 2015–2020, using the medium assumption.[16][17] and from the 2019 revision United Nations World Population Prospects report, for the period 2020–2025, using the medium assumption.[18] The United Nations Population Division (part of the DESA - Department of Economic and Social Affairs[19]) ranking list is based on the forecast/prediction for the years 2015-2020 and 2020-2025 published online.[20][21]

Only countries/territories with a population of 100 000 or more in 2019 are included. Ranks are based on the 2015–2020 and 2020-2025 figures.

Country ranking by most recent year[edit]

Country ranking by intergovernmental organizations[edit]

2020 list by the World Bank[22]
Rank Country Fertility rate
in 2020
(births/woman)
1  Niger 6.74
2  Somalia 5.88
3  DR Congo 5.72
4  Mali 5.69
5  Chad 5.55
6  Angola 5.37
7  Burundi 5.24
8  Nigeria 5.25
9  Gambia 5.09
10  Burkina Faso 5.03
11  Tanzania 4.77
12  Mozambique 4.71
13  Uganda 4.70
14  Benin 4.70
15  Central African Republic 4.57
16  Guinea 4.55
17  South Sudan 4.54
18  Ivory Coast 4.54
19  Zambia 4.50
20  Senegal 4.49
21  Mauritania 4.45
22  Cameroon 4.44
23  Equatorial Guinea 4.35
24  Guinea-Bissau 4.33
25  Congo 4.32
26  Solomon Islands 4.31
27  Sudan 4.29
28  São Tomé and Príncipe 4.21
29  Afghanistan 4.18
30  Togo 4.20
31  Liberia 4.18
32  Sierra Leone 4.08
33  Comoros 4.07
34  Ethiopia 4.05
35  Malawi 4.05
36  Madagascar 3.98
37  Eritrea 3.93
38  Rwanda 3.93
39  Gabon 3.87
40  East Timor 3.85
41  Samoa 3.79
42  Ghana 3.77
43  Vanuatu 3.71
44  Yemen 3.61
45  Iraq 3.54
46  Tajikistan 3.52
47

 Israel

3.49
48  Zimbabwe 3.46
49  Kiribati 3.49
50  Papua New Guinea 3.48
51  Tonga 3.48
52  Pakistan 3.39
53  Kenya 3.37
54  Namibia 3.29
55  Egypt 3.24
56  Kazakhstan 3.13
57  Lesotho 3.07
58  Kyrgyzstan 3.00
59  Micronesia 2.97
60  Algeria 2.94
61  Eswatini (Swaziland) 2.92
62  Israel 2.90
63  Uzbekistan 2.90
64  Haiti 2.84
65  Mongolia 2.83
66  Botswana 2.80
67  Oman 2.78
68  Guatemala 2.78
69  Syria 2.73
70  Fiji 2.73
71  Turkmenistan 2.70
72  Bolivia 2.65
73  Jordan 2.64
74  Djibouti 2.63
75  Laos 2.58
76  Philippines 2.49
77  Cambodia 2.45
78  Guyana 2.42
79  Panama 2.42
  World 2.40
80  Honduras 2.39
81  Paraguay 2.38
82  Ecuador 2.38
83  Suriname 2.37
84  South Africa 2.36
85  Morocco 2.35
86  Nicaragua 2.35
87 (1)  Faroe Islands (Denmark) 2.30
88  Dominican Republic 2.30
89  Seychelles 2.29
90 (2)  Guam (US) 2.27
91  Indonesia 2.27
92  Saudi Arabia 2.24
93  Belize 2.25
94  Venezuela 2.23
95  Argentina 2.23
96  Cape Verde 2.21
97  Peru 2.21
98  India 2.18
99  Libya 2.17
100  Sri Lanka 2.17
101  Tunisia 2.15
102  Iran 2.14
103  Myanmar (Burma) 2.12
  Population replacement 2.10
104  Mexico 2.08
105  Kuwait 2.07
106  Lebanon 2.06
107  Georgia 2.05
108  Vietnam 2.05
109  Turkey 2.04
110 (4)  U.S. Virgin Islands (US) 2.03
111 (3)  Greenland (Denmark) 2.02
112  Grenada 2.02
113  El Salvador 2.00
114  Bangladesh 1.99
115  Antigua and Barbuda 1.98
116  Malaysia 1.97
117  Kosovo 1.95
118  Jamaica 1.95
119  Uruguay 1.95
120  Bahrain 1.94
121  Bhutan 1.93
122 (5)  New Caledonia (France) 1.92
123 (6)  French Polynesia (France) 1.91
124 (7)  Aruba (Netherlands) 1.90
125  North Korea 1.89
126  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1.85
127  Nepal 1.84
128  France 1.83
129  Qatar 1.83
130  Maldives 1.81
131  Brunei 1.80
132 (8)  Saint Martin (France) (French part) 1.80
133  Colombia 1.77
134  Armenia 1.76
135  Montenegro 1.75
136  Bahamas 1.73
137 (10)  Bermuda (UK) 1.73
138  Iceland 1.72
139  Costa Rica 1.72
140  Czech Republic 1.71
141  Brazil 1.71
142  Azerbaijan 1.70
143  Trinidad and Tobago 1.70
144  China 1.70
145  Denmark 1.67
146  Sweden 1.66
147  United States 1.64
148  Ireland 1.63
149  Barbados 1.63
150  New Zealand 1.61
151  Chile 1.61
152  Romania 1.60
153  Slovenia 1.60
154 (9)  Curaçao (Netherlands) 1.60
155  Cuba 1.59
156  Estonia 1.58
157  Australia 1.58
158  Albania 1.58
159  Slovakia 1.57
160  United Kingdom 1.56
161  Bulgaria 1.56
162  Hungary 1.56
163  Latvia 1.55
164  Netherlands 1.55
165  Belgium 1.55
166  Germany 1.53
167  Thailand 1.50
168 Channel Islands - (11)  Guernsey (UK) and (12)  Jersey (UK) 1.50
169  Russia 1.50
170  Lithuania 1.48
171  Norway 1.48
172  Serbia 1.48
173  Croatia 1.48
174  Switzerland 1.46
175  Liechtenstein 1.46
176  Austria 1.44
177  Mauritius 1.44
178  Saint Lucia 1.41
179  Canada 1.40
180  Portugal 1.40
181  Poland 1.38
182  Belarus 1.38
183  United Arab Emirates 1.37
184  Finland 1.37
185  Luxembourg 1.37
186  Japan 1.34
187  Greece 1.34
188  Cyprus 1.31
189  North Macedonia 1.30
190  Moldova 1.28
191  Italy 1.24
192  Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.24
193 (13)  Macau (China) 1.24
194  Spain 1.23
195  Ukraine 1.22
196  Malta 1.13
197  Singapore 1.10
198 (15)  Puerto Rico (US) 0.90
199 (14)  Hong Kong (China) 0.87
200  South Korea 0.84
  Sovereign states: 185
  Dependent territories: 15
  World 2.40
  Major regions
1 Sub-Saharan Africa (excluding high income) 4.6
2 Sub-Saharan Africa 4.6
3 Arab world 3.1
4 Middle East and North Africa (excluding high income) 2.8
5 Middle East and North Africa 2.7
6 South Asia 2.3
7 Latin America and Caribbean 2.0
8 Latin America and Caribbean (excluding high income) 2.0
9 Europe and Central Asia (excluding high income) 1.9
10 East Asia and Pacific (excluding high income) 1.9
11 East Asia and Pacific 1.8
12 Europe and Central Asia 1.7
13 North America 1.6
14 Central Europe and the Baltics 1.5
  States’ size
1 Pacific Island small states 3.5
2 Other small states 3.0
3 Small states 2.8
4 Caribbean small states 2.0
  International organizations
1 OECD members 1.6
2 European Union 1.5
  Security situation
1 Fragile and conflict affected situations 4.3
  Economic areas
1 Euro area 1.5
  Economic situation
1 Heavily indebted poor countries (HIPC) 4.5
2 Least developed countries: UN classification 3.9
  Income
1 Low income countries 4.5
2 Lower middle income countries 2.7
3 Low and middle income countries 2.5
4 Middle income countries 2.3
5 Upper middle income countries 1.8
6 High income countries 1.5
  Not ranked (no data or data from other years)
1  American Samoa (US) -
2  Andorra 1.3 (2010)
3  British Virgin Islands (UK) -
4  Cayman Islands (UK) -
5  Dominica 1.9 (2003)
6  French Guiana (France) -
7  Gibraltar (UK) -
8  Guadeloupe (France) -
9  Isle of Man (UK) 1.6 (2002)
10  Marshall Islands 4.0 (2011)
11  Mayotte (France) -
12  Monaco -
13  Nauru -
14  Northern Mariana Islands (US) -
15  Palau 2.2 (2015)
16  San Marino 1.3 (2012)
17  Sint Maarten (Netherlands) (Dutch part) 2.0 (2011)
18  Saint Kitts and Nevis 2.1 (2002)
19  Turks and Caicos Islands -
20  Tuvalu -
21  Vatican City -
22  Western Sahara -

Note: (-) Data unavailable, inapplicable, not collected, or country or dependent territory not included. Sovereign states and dependent territories listed by alphabetical order, not ranked.

Country ranking by governmental organizations[edit]

2019 list by the INED (Institut National d'Études Démographiques)[5]
Rank Country Fertility rate
in 2019
(births/woman)
1  Niger 6.8
2  Somalia 6.0
3  DR Congo 5.8
4  Mali 5.8
5  Chad 5.6
6  Angola 5.4
7  Burundi 5.3
8  Nigeria 5.3
9  Gambia 5.2
10  Burkina Faso 5.1
11  Benin 4.8
12  Mozambique 4.8
13  Tanzania 4.8
14  Uganda 4.8
15  Central African Republic 4.6
16  Ivory Coast 4.6
17  Guinea 4.6
18  Senegal 4.6
19  South Sudan 4.6
20  Zambia 4.6
21  Cameroon 4.5
22  Mauritania 4.5
23  Congo 4.4
24  Equatorial Guinea 4.4
25  Guinea-Bissau 4.4
26  Afghanistan 4.3
27  São Tomé and Príncipe 4.3
28  Sudan 4.3
29  Togo 4.3
30  Liberia 4.2
31  Sierra Leone 4.2
32  Comoros 4.1
33  Ethiopia 4.1
34  Malawi 4.1
35  Marshall Islands 4.1
36  Eritrea 4.0
37  Madagascar 4.0
38  Rwanda 4.0
39  Gabon 3.9
40  Solomon Islands 3.9
41  East Timor 3.9
42  Ghana 3.8
43  Samoa 3.8
44  Vanuatu 3.7
45  Yemen 3.7
46  Iraq 3.6
47 (1)  Mayotte (France) 3.6
48  Palestine (Gaza Strip and West Bank) 3.6
49  Tajikistan 3.6
50  Kiribati 3.5
51  Pakistan 3.5
52  Papua New Guinea 3.5
53  Tonga 3.5
54  Zimbabwe 3.5
55  Kenya 3.4
56  Egypt 3.3
57 (2)  French Guiana (France) 3.3
58  Namibia 3.3
59  Lesotho 3.1
60  Algeria 3.0
61  Israel 3.0
62  Kyrgyzstan 3.0
63  Micronesia 3.0
64  Eswatini (Swaziland) 3.0
65  Haiti 2.9
66  Mongolia 2.9
67  Botswana 2.8
68  Fiji 2.8
69  Guatemala 2.8
70  Oman 2.8
71  Syria 2.8
72  Bolivia 2.7
73  Djibouti 2.7
74  Jordan 2.7
75  Kazakhstan 2.7
76  Turkmenistan 2.7
77  Laos 2.6
78  Cambodia 2.5
79  Philippines 2.5
80  Ecuador 2.4
81  Guyana 2.4
82  Honduras 2.4
83  Morocco 2.4
84  Nicaragua 2.4
85  Panama 2.4
86  Paraguay 2.4
87  Seychelles 2.4
88  South Africa 2.4
89  Suriname 2.4
90  Uzbekistan 2.4
91  Western Sahara 2.4
  World 2.4
92  Belize 2.3
93  Dominican Republic 2.3
94 (3)  Guam (US) 2.3
95  Indonesia 2.3
96  Saudi Arabia 2.3
97  Venezuela 2.3
98  Argentina 2.2
99  Cape Verde 2.2
100  India 2.2
101  Libya 2.2
102  Peru 2.2
103 (4)  Réunion (France) 2.2
104  Sri Lanka 2.2
105  Tunisia 2.2
106  Azerbaijan 2.1
107  Georgia 2.1
108 (5)  Guadeloupe (France) 2.1
109  Iran 2.1
110  Kuwait 2.1
111  Lebanon 2.1
112  Mexico 2.1
113  Myanmar (Burma) 2.1
114  Turkey 2.1
115  Vietnam 2.1
  Population replacement 2.1
116  Antigua and Barbuda 2.0
117  Bahrain 2.0
118  Bangladesh 2.0
119  Bhutan 2.0
120  El Salvador 2.0
121  Grenada 2.0
122  Jamaica 2.0
123  Malaysia 2.0
124  Uruguay 2.0
125 (6)  U.S. Virgin Islands (US) 2.0
126 (7)  Aruba (Netherlands) 1.9
127 (8)  French Polynesia (France) 1.9
128  North Korea 1.9
129 (9)  Martinique (France) 1.9
130  Monaco 1.9
131  Nepal 1.9
132 (10)  New Caledonia (France) 1.9
133  New Zealand 1.9
134  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1.9
135  Armenia 1.8
136  Australia 1.8
137  Brunei 1.8
138  Colombia 1.8
139  Denmark 1.8
140  Dominica 1.8
141  France (Metropolitan France) 1.8
142  Ireland 1.8
143  Maldives 1.8
144  Qatar 1.8
145  Russia 1.8
146  Saint Kitts and Nevis 1.8
147  Sweden 1.8
148  United States 1.8
149  Bahamas 1.7
150  Belarus 1.7
151  Belgium 1.7
152  China (mainland only) 1.7
153  Costa Rica 1.7
154 (11)  Curaçao (Netherlands) 1.7
155  Czech Republic 1.7
156  Iceland 1.7
157  Kosovo 1.7
158  Latvia 1.7
159  Lithuania 1.7
160  Montenegro 1.7
161  Norway 1.7
162  Trinidad and Tobago 1.7
163  United Kingdom 1.7
164  Albania 1.6
165  Barbados 1.6
166  Bulgaria 1.6
167  Chile 1.6
168  Cuba 1.6
169  Brazil 1.6
170  Estonia 1.6
171  Germany 1.6
172  Romania 1.6
173  Slovenia 1.6
174  Austria 1.5
175  Canada 1.5
176  Finland 1.5
177  Hungary 1.5
178  Malta 1.5
179  North Macedonia 1.5
180  Slovakia 1.5
181  Switzerland 1.5
182  Thailand 1.5
183  Croatia 1.4
184 (12)  Hong Kong (China) 1.4
185  Japan 1.4
186  Liechtenstein 1.4
187  Luxembourg 1.4
188  Mauritius 1.4
189  Netherlands 1.4
190  Poland 1.4
191  Saint Lucia 1.4
192  Serbia 1.4
193  Ukraine 1.4
194  United Arab Emirates 1.4
195  Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.3
196  Cyprus 1.3
197  Greece 1.3
198  Italy 1.3
199  Moldova 1.3
200  Portugal 1.3
201  San Marino 1.3
202  Spain 1.3
203  Republic of China (Taiwan) 1.2
204 (13)  Macau (China) 1.2
205 (14)  Puerto Rico (US) 1.2
206  Singapore 1.2
207  Andorra 1.0
208  South Korea 0.9
  Sovereign states: 194
  Dependent territories: 14
  World
1 World 2.4
  Continents
1 Africa 4.4
2 Oceania 2.3
3 Asia 2.1
4 Americas 1.9
5 Europe 1.6
  Major regions
1 Middle Africa 5.4
2 Western Africa 5.1
3 Eastern Africa 4.3
4 Northern Africa 3.2
5 Central Asia 2.7
6 Western Asia 2.6
7 Southern Africa 2.5
8 Oceania 2.3
9 South Asia 2.3
10 Caribbean 2.2
11 Central America 2.2
12 Southeast Asia 2.2
13 South America 1.9
14 East Asia 1.7
15 Eastern Europe 1.7
16 Northern America 1.7
17 Northern Europe 1.7
18 Western Europe 1.7
19 Southern Europe 1.3
  Not ranked
1 Channel Islands - (1)  Guernsey (UK) and (2)  Jersey (UK) -
2 (3)  Christmas Island (Australia) -
3 (4)  Cocos (Keeling) Islands (Australia) -
4  European Union -
5 (5)  Falkland Islands (UK) -
6 (6)  Faroe Islands (Denmark) -
7  Nauru -
8  Niue -
9 (7)  Norfolk Island (Australia) -
10  Palau -
11 (8)  Pitcairn Islands (UK) -
12 (9)  Svalbard (Norway) -
13 (10)  Tokelau (New Zealand) -
14  Tuvalu -
15  Vatican City -
  Sovereign states: 4
  Dependent territories: 10
2022 list by the CIA World Factbook[3][4]
Rank Country Fertility rate
in 2022
(births/woman)
1  Niger 6.82
2  Angola 5.83
3  DR Congo 5.63
4  Mali 5.54
5  Chad 5.46
6  Benin 5.43
7  Uganda 5.36
8  South Sudan 5.32
9  Somalia 5.31
10  Burundi 5.03
11  Guinea 4.85
12  Mozambique 4.81
13  Liberia 4.79
14  Guinea-Bissau 4.69
15  Afghanistan 4.62
16  Nigeria 4.62
17  Sudan 4.60
18  Zambia 4.56
19  Cameroon 4.55
20  Tanzania 4.39
21  Congo 4.36
22  Burkina Faso 4.27
23  Senegal 4.27
24  Equatorial Guinea 4.26
25  Togo 4.23
26  East Timor 4.21
27  Central African Republic 4.04
28  Ethiopia 3.99
29  Papua New Guinea 3.92
30  Zimbabwe 3.89
31  Sierra Leone 3.80
32  Gambia 3.79
33  Ghana 3.66
34  Madagascar 3.62
35  Eritrea 3.58
36  São Tomé and Príncipe 3.56
37  Ivory Coast 3.53
38  Mauritania 3.53
39  Pakistan 3.46
40  Gaza Strip ( Palestine) 3.44
41  Malawi 3.40
42  Rwanda 3.33
43  Gabon 3.31
44  Kenya 3.29
45  Iraq 3.25
46  Libya 3.09
47  Yemen 3.01
48  Namibia 2.98
49  Jordan 2.96
50  West Bank ( Palestine) 2.96
51  Lesotho 2.92
52  Egypt 2.88
53  Solomon Islands 2.87
54  Tuvalu 2.83
55  Syria 2.80
56  Comoros 2.78
57 (1)  Guam (US) 2.78
58  Philippines 2.78
59  Marshall Islands 2.76
60  Tonga 2.76
61  Oman 2.70
62  Vanuatu 2.66
63 (2)  Northern Mariana Islands (US) 2.63
64  Belize 2.62
65  Guatemala 2.62
66  Nauru 2.62
67  Israel 2.56
68  Algeria 2.51
69  Kyrgyzstan 2.50
70  Tajikistan 2.45
71  Eswatini (Swaziland) 2.44
72  Haiti 2.43
73  Samoa 2.42
  World 2.42 (2020 estimate)
74  Botswana 2.39
75  Panama 2.39
76  Laos 2.35
77  Bolivia 2.33
78 (3)  Faroe Islands (Denmark) 2.29
79  Morocco 2.29
80  Fiji 2.26
81  Cambodia 2.24
82  Kuwait 2.24
83  Micronesia 2.24
84  Venezuela 2.22
85 (4)  American Samoa (US) 2.21
86  Dominican Republic 2.21
87  Kiribati 2.20
88  Peru 2.20
89  Argentina 2.18
90  South Africa 2.18
91  Djibouti 2.15
92  Cape Verde 2.13
93  Kazakhstan 2.11
94  India 2.10
  Population replacement 2.10
95  Bangladesh 2.09
96  Cook Islands (self-governing country in free association with  New Zealand) 2.07
97  Guyana 2.06
98  Jamaica 2.06
99  El Salvador 2.05
100  Vietnam 2.05
101  Ecuador 2.04
102  France 2.03
103  Turkmenistan 2.03
104  Burma (Myanmar) 2.02
105  Dominica 2.02
106  Honduras 2.01
107  Indonesia 2.01
108  Tunisia 2.00
109 (5)  U.S. Virgin Islands (US ) 2.00
110 (6)  Sint Maarten (Netherlands) 1.99
111  Bahamas 1.98
112 (7)  Curaçao (Netherlands) 1.98
113  Sri Lanka 1.98
114  Antigua and Barbuda 1.95
115  Colombia 1.95
116  Iceland 1.95
117  Grenada 1.93
118  Iran 1.93
119  Turkey 1.93
120  Ireland 1.92
121  Saudi Arabia 1.92
122  Suriname 1.92
123 (8)  Greenland (Denmark) 1.91
124  Mongolia 1.91
125 (10)  Bermuda (UK) 1.90
126 (9)  Gibraltar (UK) 1.90
127  North Korea 1.90
128  Kosovo 1.90
129  Nepal 1.90
130  Qatar 1.90
131 (11)  Isle of Man (UK) 1.89
132  Paraguay 1.89
133  Azerbaijan 1.86
134  Costa Rica 1.86
135 (12)  New Caledonia (France) 1.86
136  New Zealand 1.86
137  United States 1.84
138 (14)  Aruba (Netherlands) 1.83
139  Norway 1.83
140 (13)  Cayman Islands (UK) 1.82
141  Seychelles 1.82
142 (15)  French Polynesia (France) 1.81
143  Montenegro 1.81
144  Brazil 1.80
145  Nicaragua 1.80
146 (16)  Saint Martin (France) 1.80
147  Bhutan 1.79
148  Netherlands 1.78
149  Belgium 1.77
150  Denmark 1.77
151  Chile 1.76
152  Saint Kitts and Nevis 1.76
153  Uruguay 1.76
154  Georgia 1.75
155  Malaysia 1.75
156  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1.75
157  Brunei 1.74
158  Finland 1.74
159  Australia 1.73
160  Uzbekistan 1.73
161 (17)  Anguilla (UK) 1.72
162  Saint Lucia 1.72
163  Cuba 1.71
164  Lebanon 1.71
165  Maldives 1.71
166 (18)  Wallis and Futuna (France) 1.71
167  Barbados 1.70
168  Palau 1.70
169 (19)  Turks and Caicos Islands (UK) 1.70
170  Liechtenstein 1.69
171  Mexico 1.68
172  Bahrain 1.67
173  Sweden 1.67
174 (20)  Jersey (UK) 1.66
175  Armenia 1.65
176 (21)  Saint Barthélemy (France) 1.64
177  United Arab Emirates 1.64
178  Luxembourg 1.63
179  Romania 1.63
180  Trinidad and Tobago 1.63
181  United Kingdom 1.63
182  Estonia 1.61
183  Lithuania 1.61
184  Russia 1.60
185 (22)  Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (UK) 1.60
186  Slovenia 1.60
-  European Union 1.60
187  Moldova 1.59
188 (23)  Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France) 1.59
189 (24)  Guernsey (UK) 1.58
190  Switzerland 1.58
191  Canada 1.57
192  Germany 1.57
193  Ukraine 1.56
194  Albania 1.54
195  Latvia 1.54
196  Thailand 1.54
197  Monaco 1.53
198  San Marino 1.53
199  Austria 1.51
200  Belarus 1.51
201  North Macedonia 1.51
202  Bulgaria 1.50
203  Malta 1.50
204  Czech Republic 1.49
205  Cyprus 1.48
206  Hungary 1.48
207  Serbia 1.46
208  Slovakia 1.46
209  Andorra 1.45
210  China 1.45
211  Croatia 1.45
212  Portugal 1.43
213  Greece 1.40
214  Poland 1.40
215  Japan 1.38
216  Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.36
217 (25)  British Virgin Islands (UK) 1.35
218  Mauritius 1.35
219 (26)  Montserrat (UK) 1.32
220  Spain 1.27
221 (27)  Puerto Rico (US) 1.24
222 (28)  Hong Kong (China) 1.22
223  Italy 1.22
224 (29)  Macau (China) 1.22
225  Singapore 1.16
226  South Korea 1.10
227  Republic of China (Taiwan) 1.08
  Sovereign states: 198
  Dependent territories: 29
  World
1 World 2.42 (2020 estimate)
  Not ranked
1 (1)  Ashmore and Cartier Islands (Australia) (uninhabited) -
2 (2)  Christmas Island (Australia) -
3 (3)  Cocos (Keeling) Islands (Australia) -
4 (4)  Coral Sea Islands (Australia) -
5 (5)  Falkland Islands (UK) -
6 (6)  French Guiana (France) -
7 (7)  Guadeloupe (France) -
8 (8)  Martinique (France) -
9 (9)  Mayotte (France) -
10  Niue (self-governing state in free association with  New Zealand) -
11 (10)  Norfolk Island (Australia) -
12 (..1..) Paracel Islands (disputed territory) ( Vietnam, until 1974) (occupied by  China since 1974, also claimed by  Republic of China (Taiwan) and  Vietnam) -
13 (11)  Pitcairn Islands (UK) -
14 (12)  Réunion (France) -
15 (13)  South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (UK) -
16 (..2..) Spratly Islands (disputed territory) (partially occupied by six countries -  China;  Republic of China (Taiwan);  Philippines;  Malaysia;  Vietnam and  Brunei) -
17 (14)  Svalbard (Norway) -
18  Vatican City -
19 (..3..)  Western Sahara (disputed territory between Morocco and the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic) ("Free Zone" is a self proclaimed and de facto sovereign state) 3.65 (2020)
  Sovereign states: 2
  Dependent territories: 14
  Disputed territories: 3

Note:

(-) Data unavailable, inapplicable, not collected, or country or dependent territory not included. Sovereign states and dependent territories listed by alphabetical order, not ranked.

Country ranking by nongovernmental organizations[edit]

2021 list by the PRB (Population Reference Bureau)[6]
Rank Country Fertility rate
in 2020
(births/woman)
1  Niger 7.0
2  Somalia 6.9
3  Chad 6.4
4  Mali 6.3
5  DR Congo 6.2
6  Angola 6.0
7  Central African Republic 6.0
8  Benin 5.7
9  Burundi 5.2
10  Nigeria 5.2
11  Burkina Faso 5.0
12  Uganda 5.0
13  Mozambique 5.0
14  Cameroon 4.8
15  Senegal 4.7
16  Zambia 4.7
17  Madagascar 4.6
18  Ivory Coast 4.5
19  Guinea 4.5
20 (1)  Mayotte (France) 4.5
21  South Sudan 4.5
22  Tanzania 4.5
23  Gambia 4.4
24  Mauritania 4.4
25  Afghanistan 4.3
26  Congo 4.3
27  Equatorial Guinea 4.3
28  Guinea-Bissau 4.3
29  Sudan 4.3
30  Togo 4.3
31  Liberia 4.2
32  Sierra Leone 4.2
33  Comoros 4.1
34  Ethiopia 4.1
35  Rwanda 4.1
36  Samoa 4.1
37  Solomon Islands 4.1
38  Papua New Guinea 4.0
39  Vanuatu 4.0
40  Ghana 3.9
41  Eritrea 3.9
42  Nauru 3.9
43  Zimbabwe 3.9
44  Gabon 3.8
45  Palestine (Gaza Strip and West Bank) 3.8
46  São Tomé and Príncipe 3.8
47  Pakistan 3.7
48 (2)  French Guiana (France) 3.6
49  Iraq 3.6
50  Malawi 3.6
51  East Timor 3.6
52  Yemen 3.6
53  Tajikistan 3.5
54  Kenya 3.4
55  Kiribati 3.3
56  Namibia 3.3
57  Tuvalu 3.3
58  Tonga 3.2
59  Micronesia 3.0
60  Turkmenistan 3.0
61  Fiji 2.9
62  Israel 2.9
63  Kyrgyzstan 2.9
64  Mongolia 2.9
65  Algeria 2.8
66  Haiti 2.8
67  Uzbekistan 2.8
68  Egypt 2.7
69 (3)  Guam (US) 2.7
70  Jordan 2.7
71  Kazakhstan 2.7
72  Laos 2.7
73  Lesotho 2.7
74  Syria 2.7
75  Djibouti 2.6
76  Guatemala 2.6
77  Oman 2.6
78  Bolivia 2.5
79  Botswana 2.5
80  Honduras 2.5
81  Philippines 2.5
82  Eswatini (Swaziland) 2.5
83  Cambodia 2.4
84  Ecuador 2.4
85  Guyana 2.4
86  Nicaragua 2.4
87  Panama 2.4
88  Paraguay 2.4
89 (4)  Réunion (France) 2.4
90  Bangladesh 2.3
91 (6)  Guadeloupe (France) 2.3
92  Morocco 2.3
93  Myanmar (Burma) 2.3
94  Seychelles 2.3
95  South Africa 2.3
96  Venezuela 2.3
97  Western Sahara 2.3
  World 2.3
98  Argentina 2.2
99  Belize 2.2
100  Cape Verde 2.2
101  Dominican Republic 2.2
102  India 2.2
103  Libya 2.2
104  Palau 2.2
105  Peru 2.2
106  Suriname 2.2
107  El Salvador 2.1
108  Indonesia 2.1
109  Kuwait 2.1
110  Mexico 2.1
111  Tunisia 2.1
112  Vietnam 2.1
  Population replacement 2.1
113  Antigua and Barbuda 2.0
114  Bahamas 2.0
115  Grenada 2.0
116  Lebanon 2.0
117  Maldives 2.0
118  Nepal 2.0
119  Saudi Arabia 2.0
120  Bhutan 1.9
121  Colombia 1.9
122  Georgia 1.9
123  Iran 1.9
124 (8)  Martinique (France) 1.9
125 (5)  New Caledonia (France) 1.9
126  North Korea 1.9
127  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1.9
128  Turkey 1.9
129  Azerbaijan 1.8
130  Bahrain 1.8
131  Brunei 1.8
132  Dominica 1.8
133  France 1.8
134 (7)  French Polynesia (France) 1.8
135  Jamaica 1.8
136  Malaysia 1.8
137  Montenegro 1.8
138  Qatar 1.8
139  Saint Kitts and Nevis 1.8
140  Sri Lanka 1.8
141  Czech Republic 1.7
142  Denmark 1.7
143  Iceland 1.7
144  United States 1.7
145  Sweden 1.7
146  Armenia 1.6
147  Australia 1.6
148  Barbados 1.6
149  Belgium 1.6
150  Bulgaria 1.6
151  Chile 1.6
152  Cuba 1.6
153 (9)  Curaçao (Netherlands) 1.6
154  Estonia 1.6
155  Hungary 1.6
156  Ireland 1.6
157  Kosovo 1.6
158  Netherlands 1.6
159  New Zealand 1.6
160  Slovakia 1.6
161  Slovenia 1.6
162  United Kingdom 1.6
163  Brazil 1.6
164  Uruguay 1.6
165  Canada 1.5
166 Channel Islands(10)  Guernsey (UK) and (11)  Jersey (UK) 1.5
167  Croatia 1.5
168  Germany 1.5
169  Latvia 1.5
170  Liechtenstein 1.5
171  Mauritius 1.5
172  Monaco 1.5
173  Norway 1.5
174  Russia 1.5
175  Serbia 1.5
176  Switzerland 1.5
-  European Union 1.5
177  Austria 1.4
178  Belarus 1.4
179  Costa Rica 1.4
180  Finland 1.4
181  Lithuania 1.4
182  Luxembourg 1.4
183  Portugal 1.4
184  Thailand 1.4
185  Trinidad and Tobago 1.4
186  United Arab Emirates 1.4
187  Albania 1.3
188  China (mainland only) 1.3
189  Cyprus 1.3
190  Greece 1.3
191  Japan 1.3
192  North Macedonia 1.3
193  Poland 1.3
194  Romania 1.3
195  Saint Lucia 1.3
196  Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.2
197  Italy 1.2
198  Moldova 1.2
199  Spain 1.2
200  Malta 1.1
201  San Marino 1.1
202  Singapore 1.1
203  Ukraine 1.1
204  Andorra 1.0
205  Republic of China (Taiwan) 1.0
206 (13)  Puerto Rico (US) 1.0
207 (12)  Hong Kong (China) 0.9
208 (14)  Macau (China) 0.9
209  South Korea 0.8
  Sovereign states: 195
  Dependent territories: 14
  World
1 World 2.3
  Continents
1 Africa 4.3
2 Oceania 2.2
3.2 Asia 1.9
4 Americas 1.8
5 Europe 1.5
  Major regions
1 Sub-Saharan Africa 4.7
1.1 Middle Africa 5.8
1.2 Western Africa 5.1
1.3 Eastern Africa 4.3
1.4 Southern Africa 2.4
2 Northern Africa 2.9
3 Central Asia 2.9
4 Western Asia 2.5
5 South Asia 2.3
6 Oceania 2.2
7 Southeast Asia 2.1
8 Latin America and the Caribbean 2.0
8.1 Central America 2.1
8.2 Caribbean 2.1
8.3 South America 1.8
9 Northern America 1.6
10 Western Europe 1.6
11 Northern Europe 1.6
12 Eastern Europe 1.4
13 Southern Europe 1.3
14 East Asia 1.3
  Development level
1 Least developed 4.0
2 Less developed 2.4
3 More developed 1.5
  Income
1 Low income 4.7
2 Middle income 2.2
2.1 - Lower middle income 2.6
2.2 - Upper middle income 1.6
3 High income 1.5
  Not ranked
1 (1)  Christmas Island (Australia) -
2 (2)  Cocos (Keeling) Islands (Australia) -
3 (3)  Falkland Islands (UK) -
4 (4)  Faroe Islands (Denmark) -
5  Niue -
6 (5)  Norfolk Island (Australia) -
7 (6)  Pitcairn Islands (UK) -
8 (7)  Svalbard (Norway) -
9 (8)  Tokelau (New Zealand) -
10  Vatican City -
  Sovereign states: 2
  Dependent territories: 8
2019 list by the OWID (Our World In Data) - based on Gapminder estimates[8]
Rank Country Fertility rate
in 2019
(births/woman)
1  Niger 7.07
2  Somalia 5.98
3  DR Congo 5.82
4  Mali 5.79
5  Chad 5.65
6  Angola 5.48
7  Burundi 5.45
8  Nigeria 5.32
9  Uganda 5.32
10  Gambia 5.22
11  Burkina Faso 5.11
12  Mozambique 5.05
13  Tanzania 4.83
14  Zambia 4.81
15  Benin 4.77
16  Ivory Coast 4.72
17  Central African Republic 4.65
18  Guinea 4.62
19  South Sudan 4.62
20  Senegal 4.55
21  Equatorial Guinea 4.43
22  Afghanistan 4.18
23  Cameroon 4.51
24  Mauritania 4.49
25  Congo 4.48
26  Guinea-Bissau 4.41
27  Liberia 4.38
28  Malawi 4.38
29  Sudan 4.35
30  São Tomé and Príncipe 4.27
31  Sierra Leone 4.17
32  Togo 4.26
33  Iraq 4.19
34  Comoros 4.14
35  Madagascar 4.02
36  Eritrea 3.92
37  Ethiopia 3.86
38  Samoa 3.83
39  Ghana 3.81
40  Solomon Islands 3.69
41  Yemen 3.69
42  Kenya 3.68
43  Rwanda 3.67
44  Gabon 3.59
45  Kiribati 3.53
46  Zimbabwe 3.53
47  Papua New Guinea 3.52
48  Tonga 3.52
49  Pakistan 3.29
50  Namibia 3.24
51  Tajikistan 3.22
52 (1)  French Guiana (France) 3.21
53  Jordan 3.18
54  Vanuatu 3.17
55  Egypt 3.10
56  Lesotho 2.95
57  Eswatini (Swaziland) 2.94
58  Israel 2.89
59  Kyrgyzstan 2.86
60  Philippines 2.84
61  Guatemala 2.82
62  Bolivia 2.77
63  Haiti 2.77
64  Syria 2.77
65  Turkmenistan 2.74
66  Djibouti 2.67
67  Mongolia 2.63
68  Botswana 2.60
69  Algeria 2.59
70  Kazakhstan 2.54
71  Laos 2.54
72  Oman 2.46
73  Cambodia 2.47
74  Saudi Arabia 2.42
75  Belize 2.41
76  Fiji 2.45
77  Guyana 2.44
78  Panama 2.43
79  Ecuador 2.41
80  Paraguay 2.40
  World 2.40
81  Morocco 2.38
82  South Africa 2.38
83  Honduras 2.35
84  Dominican Republic 2.34
85  Peru 2.31
86  Suriname 2.30
87  Indonesia 2.29
88  Cape Verde 2.24
89  India 2.26
90  Argentina 2.25
91  Venezuela 2.25
92  Seychelles 2.23
93  Uzbekistan 2.21
94  Libya 2.16
95  Myanmar (Burma) 2.15
96  Nicaragua 2.12
97  Tunisia 2.12
98 (2)  New Caledonia (France) 2.11
  Population replacement 2.10
99  Mexico 2.09
100  Grenada 2.04
101  Antigua and Barbuda 2.02
102  Azerbaijan 2.02
103  Bangladesh 2.02
104  El Salvador 2.02
105  Nepal 2.02
106  Sri Lanka 2.01
107  Turkey 2.00
108  Ireland 1.98
109  Malaysia 1.98
110  Maldives 1.98
111  France 1.97
112  Georgia 1.97
113  Jamaica 1.97
114  Bahrain 1.96
115  Bhutan 1.96
116  New Zealand 1.96
117  Uruguay 1.96
118  Kuwait 1.94
119  Vietnam 1.94
120  Iceland 1.91
121  Sweden 1.91
122  United States 1.90
123  North Korea 1.88
124  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1.87
125  United Kingdom 1.87
126  Qatar 1.85
127  Brunei 1.84
128  Norway 1.83
129  Australia 1.82
130  Barbados 1.80
131  Belgium 1.80
132  Colombia 1.80
133  Finland 1.78
134  Denmark 1.77
135  Russia 1.77
136  Chile 1.75
137  Netherlands 1.75
138  Bahamas 1.74
139  Costa Rica 1.74
140  Belarus 1.72
141  Cuba 1.72
142  Trinidad and Tobago 1.72
143  Albania 1.70
144  Lebanon 1.70
145  United Arab Emirates 1.70
146  Lithuania 1.68
147  Estonia 1.67
148  Montenegro 1.65
149  Slovenia 1.65
150  China 1.64
151  Serbia 1.63
152  Brazil 1.63
153  Luxembourg 1.61
154  Bulgaria 1.60
155  Armenia 1.59
156  Czech Republic 1.59
157  Iran 1.59
158  Latvia 1.59
159  Ukraine 1.58
160  Canada 1.56
161  Macedonia 1.56
162  Switzerland 1.56
163  Romania 1.55
164  Austria 1.53
165  Italy 1.51
166  Japan 1.50
167  Malta 1.49
168  Germany 1.48
169 (3)  Puerto Rico (US) 1.46
170  Croatia 1.44
171  Thailand 1.44
172  Saint Lucia 1.43
173  Mauritius 1.42
174  Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.41
175  Hungary 1.41
176  Spain 1.41
177  Cyprus 1.33
178  Greece 1.30
179  Poland 1.29
180  Singapore 1.27
181  Portugal 1.24
182  Moldova 1.23
183  South Korea 0.84
  Sovereign states: 183
  Dependent territories: 3
  World
1 World 2.38
  Not ranked
1 (1)  American Samoa (US) -
2  Andorra -
3 (2)  Aruba (Netherlands) -
4 (3)  Bermuda (UK) -
5 (4)  Cayman Islands (UK) -
6 Channel Islands - (5)  Guernsey (UK) and (6)  Jersey (UK) -
7 (7)  Curaçao (Netherlands) -
8  Dominica -
9 (8)  Faroe Islands (Denmark) -
10 (9)  French Polynesia (France) -
11 (10)  Greenland (Denmark) -
12 (11)  Guadeloupe (France) -
13 (12)  Guam (US) -
14 (13)  Hong Kong (China) -
15 (14)  Isle of Man (UK) -
16  Kosovo -
17  Liechtenstein -
18 (15)  Macau (China) -
19  Marshall Islands -
20 (16)  Mayotte (France) -
21  Micronesia -
22  Monaco -
23 (17)  Northern Mariana Islands (US) -
24  Palau -
25  Palestine (Gaza Strip and West Bank) -
26  San Marino -
27 (18)  Saint Martin (France) (French part) -
28 (19)  Sint Maarten (Netherlands) (Dutch part) -
29  Slovakia -
30  Saint Kitts and Nevis -
31  East Timor -
32 (20)  Turks and Caicos Islands UK) -
33  Tuvalu -
34 (21)  U.S. Virgin Islands (US) -
35  Vatican City -
  Sovereign states: 14
  Dependent territories: 21

Note:

(-) Data unavailable, inapplicable, not collected, or country or dependent territory not included. Sovereign states and dependent territories listed by alphabetical order, not ranked.

Country ranking and comparison of TFR by year[edit]

1950 and 2015[edit]

1950 list by Our World In Data 2015 list by Our World In Data
Rank Country Fertility rate
in 1950
(births/woman)
1  Iraq 8.11
2 (1)  Rwanda (Belgian overseas colonies, Ruanda-UrundiUnited Nations trust territories Rwanda) 7.92
3 (2)  New Hebrides (British and French Condominium →  Vanuatu) 7.68
4 (3)  Samoa (United Nations trust territories, Western Samoa Samoa) 7.63
5  Jordan 7.56
6  Morocco 7.51
7  Honduras 7.47
8  Afghanistan 7.45
9  Philippines 7.45
10 (4)  Ivory Coast (French Colonial Empire, French West Africa, French Ivory Coast Ivory Coast 7.38
11  Yemen ( North Yemen and  South Yemen Yemen) 7.37
12 (5)  Kenya (British Empire, Kenya Colony Kenya) 7.36
13  Ethiopia 7.35
14 (6)  Angola (Portuguese Empire, Portuguese Angola Angola) 7.34
15 (7)  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (British Empire Saint Vincent and the Grenadines) 7.33
16 (8)  Madagascar (French Colonial Empire, French Madagascar Madagascar) 7.30
17 (9)  Tonga (British Empire, British Protectorate Tonga) 7.30
18 (10)  Algeria (French Colonial Empire, French Algeria Algeria) 7.29
19 (11)  Niger (French Colonial Empire, French Niger Niger) 7.26
20 (12)  Somalia (British Empire, British Somaliland and Trust Territory of Somaliland Somalia) 7.25
21  Oman 7.25
22 (13)  Kuwait (British Empire, British Protectorate Kuwait) 7.22
23  Saudi Arabia 7.20
24 (14)  Micronesia (Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands Micronesia) 7.20
25  Syria 7.18
26  Guatemala 7.15
27  Libya 7.10
28 (15)  Qatar (British Empire, British Protectorate Qatar) 6.97
29 (16)  Bahrain (British Empire Bahrain) 6.97
30 (17)  Mozambique (Portuguese Empire, Portuguese Mozambique Mozambique) 6.97
31 (18)  Mali (French Colonial Empire, French West Africa, French Sudan Mali) 6.96
32  Peru 6.95
33 (19)  Cambodia (French Colonial Empire, French Indochina, French Cambodia Cambodia) 6.95
34 (20)  United Arab Emirates (British Empire, Trucial States United Arab Emirates) 6.94
35  Bolivia 6.93
36  Iran 6.92
37 (21)  Eritrea ( Ethiopia Eritrea) 6.92
38  Republic of China (Taiwan) 6.90
39 (22)  Uganda (British Empire Uganda) 6.89
40  Nicaragua 6.88
41 (23)  Brunei (British Empire, British Protectorate Brunei) 6.86
42 (24)  Malawi (British Empire, Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, Nyasaland Protectorate Malawi) 6.84
43 (25)  Burundi (Belgian overseas colonies, Ruanda-UrundiUnited Nations trust territories Burundi) 6.82
44 (26)  Senegal (French Colonial Empire, French West Africa, French Senegal Senegal) 6.79
45  Colombia 6.77
46 (27)  Southern Rhodesia (British Empire, Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland Zimbabwe) 6.75
47  Turkey 6.74
48  Mexico 6.72
49  Ecuador 6.72
50  Egypt 6.72
51 (28)  Swaziland (British Empire Swaziland) 6.71
52 (29)  Tanzania (British Empire, Tanganyika and Zanzibar Tanzania) 6.70
53  Belize 6.69
54 (30)  Sudan (British Empire, Anglo-Egyptian Sudan Sudan) 6.68
55  Bhutan 6.67
56  China 6.67
57 (31)  South Sudan (British Empire, Anglo-Egyptian Sudan Sudan South Sudan) 6.63
58 (32)  Northern Rhodesia (British Empire, Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland Zambia) 6.62
59 (33)  Singapore (British Empire, British Singapore Singapore) 6.61
60  Pakistan 6.60
61 (34)  Suriname (Kingdom of the Netherlands Suriname) 6.58
62 (35)  Cape Verde (Portuguese Empire, Portuguese Cape Verde Cape Verde) 6.57
63 (36)  Tunisia (French Colonial Empire, French protectorate of Tunisia Tunisia) 6.56
64  Venezuela 6.54
65 (37)  East Timor (Portuguese Empire, Portuguese Timor East Timor) 6.51
66 (38)  Dominican Republic 6.49
67  Paraguay 6.49
68 (39)  Botswana (British Empire, Bechuanaland Protectorate Botswana) 6.47
69 (40)  Solomon Islands (British Empire Solomon Islands) 6.40
70 (41)  Ghana (British Empire, Gold Coast (British colony) Ghana) 6.37
71  Nigeria (British Empire, British Nigeria Nigeria 6.36
72 (42)  Malaysia (British Empire, British Malaya and British Borneo Malaysia) 6.36
73 (43)  Togo (United Nations trust territories, French Colonial Empire, French West Africa, French Togoland Togo) 6.33
74  Haiti 6.31
75 (44)  Djibouti (French Colonial Empire, French Somaliland Djibouti) 6.30
76 (45)  Fiji (British Empire Fiji) 6.30
77  Liberia 6.25
78  El Salvador 6.24
79 (46)  Bangladesh (Pakistan, East Pakistan Bangladesh) 6.23
80 (47)  Papua and New Guinea (United Nations trust territories Papua New Guinea 6.23
81 (48)  São Tomé and Príncipe (Portuguese Empire, Portuguese Sao Tome and Principe São Tomé and Príncipe) 6.20
82  Brazil 6.14
83  Thailand 6.13
84 (49)  Mauritania (French Colonial Empire, French West Africa, French Mauritania Mauritania 6.12
85 (50)  Kiribati (British Empire, Gilbert and Ellice Islands Kiribati ) 6.10
86 (51)  Sierra Leone (British Empire Sierra Leone) 6.09
87 (52)  Chad (French Colonial Empire, French Equatorial Africa, French Chad Chad) 6.06
88 (53)  Greenland (Denmark) 6.05
89  South Africa 6.04
90 (54)  Maldives (British Empire, British Protectorate Maldives) 6.03
91 (55)  Burkina Faso (French Colonial Empire, French West Africa Republic of Upper Volta Burkina Faso) 6.03
92  Burma (→  Myanmar) 6.03
93 (56)  Saint Lucia (British Empire, West Indies Federation Saint Lucia) 6.00
94 (57)  Comoros (French Colonial Empire Comoros) 6.00
95 (58)  French Polynesia (French Colonial EmpireFrance) 6.00
96 (59)  Belgian Congo (Belgian Colonial Empire, Belgian Congo Congo-Léopoldville Zaire DR Congo) 5.99
97 (60)  Guinea (French Colonial Empire, French West Africa, French Guinea Guinea 5.97
98 (61)  South West Africa ( South Africa Namibia) 5.96
99  Nepal 5.96
100  Albania 5.96
101  Laos (French Colonial Empire, French Indochina, French Laos Laos) 5.94
102 (62)  Guinea-Bissau (Portuguese Empire, Portuguese Guinea Guinea-Bissau) 5.92
103  India 5.91
104 (63)  Mauritius (British Empire Mauritius) 5.90
105 (64)  Lesotho (British Empire Lesotho) 5.81
106 (65)  Grenada (British Empire Grenada) 5.80
107  Lebanon 5.76
108 (66)  Dahomey (French Colonial Empire, French West Africa Dahomey Benin) 5.75
109 (67)  Guyana (British Empire Guyana) 5.69
110  Panama 5.68
111 (68)  Equatorial Guinea (Spanish Empire, Spanish Guinea Equatorial Guinea) 5.68
112 (69)  Congo (French Colonial Empire, French Congo, French Equatorial Africa Congo) 5.67
113  Costa Rica 5.65
114 (70)  Aruba (Netherlands) 5.65
115  Sri Lanka 5.64
116 (71)  Cameroon (United Nations Trust Territories, French Colonial Empire, French Equatorial Africa, French Cameroons Cameroon) 5.54
117 (72)  SR Macedonia ( Yugoslavia North Macedonia) 5.52
118  Mongolia 5.50
119 (73)  Central African Republic (French Colonial Empire, French Equatorial Africa, Ubangi-Shari Central African Republic) 5.40
120  Indonesia 5.35
121 (74)  Bosnia and Herzegovina ( Yugoslavia Bosnia and Herzegovina) 5.32
122 (75)  Trinidad and Tobago (British Empire, West Indies Federation Trinidad and Tobago) 5.28
123 (76)  U.S. Virgin Islands (US) 5.25
124 (77)  Gambia (British Empire, Gambia Colony and Protectorate Gambia) 5.23
125 (78)  New Caledonia (French colonial EmpireFrance) 5.22
126 (79)  Uzbek SSR ( Soviet Union Uzbekistan) 5.08
127 (80)  French Guiana (French Colonial EmpireFrance) 5.08
128  Chile 5.08
129 (81)  Azerbaijan SSR ( Soviet Union Azerbaijan) 5.07
130 (82)  Tajik SSR ( Soviet Union Tajikistan) 5.04
131  South Korea 5.02
132 (83)  Puerto Rico (US) 4.97
  World 4.96
133 (84)  Vietnam (French Colonial Empire, French Indochina, French Vietnam North Vietnam and  South Vietnam Vietnam) 4.96
134 (85)  Turkmen SSR ( Soviet Union Turkmenistan) 4.89
135  Cuba 4.76
136 (86)  Montenegro ( Yugoslavia Montenegro) 4.62
137  Israel 4.52
138 (87)  Antigua and Barbuda (British Empire Antigua and Barbuda) 4.50
139 (88)  Hong Kong (British Empire, Hong Kong colony China, Special administrative regions of China) 4.44
140 (89)  Barbados (British Empire Barbados) 4.42
141 (90)  Macau (Portuguese Empire, Portuguese Macau China, Special administrative regions of China) 4.39
142 (91)  Kazakh SSR ( Soviet Union Kazakhstan) 4.30
143 (92)  Malta (British Empire Malta) 4.14
144 (93)  Armenian SSR ( Soviet Union Armenia ) 4.13
145 (94)  Bahamas (British Empire Bahamas) 3.98
146 (95)  Gabon (French Colonial Empire, French Congo, French Equatorial Africa Gabon 3.95
147 (96)  Kirghiz SSR ( Soviet Union Kyrgyzstan) 3.92
148 (97)  Cyprus (British Empire, British Cyprus Cyprus) 3.85
149 (98)  Jamaica (British Empire, Colony of Jamaica Jamaica) 3.80
150  Iceland 3.62
151 (99)  Slovak Socialist Republic' 3.59
152  Poland 3.53
153 (100)  SR Serbia ( Yugoslavia Serbia and Montenegro Serbia) 3.53
154  Canada 3.47
155  Ireland 3.47
156 (101)  Moldavian SSR ( Soviet Union Moldova) 3.47
157  Japan 3.44
158  New Zealand 3.38
159  Argentina 3.16
160  Finland 3.13
161  Portugal 3.10
162  United States 3.05
163  Netherlands 3.05
164  Romania 3.05
165  Australia 3.01
166 (102)  Czech Socialist Republic 2.94
167 (103)  SR Croatia ( Yugoslavia Croatia) 2.92
168 (104)  Lithuanian SSR ( Soviet Union Lithuania) 2.90
169 (105)  SR Slovenia ( Yugoslavia Slovenia) 2.87
170  France 2.83
171 (106)  Russian SFSR ( Soviet Union Russia) 2.81
172  Hungary 2.77
173 (107)  Ukrainian SSR ( Soviet Union Ukraine) 2.72
174  Uruguay 2.69
175  Bulgaria 2.66
176 (108)  Georgian SSR ( Soviet Union Georgia) 2.65
177  Denmark 2.58
178  Italy 2.50
179 (109)  Byelorussian SSR ( Soviet Union Belarus) 2.50
180  Greece 2.47
181  Norway 2.46
182  Spain 2.45
183  Belgium 2.33
184  Switzerland 2.33
185  Sweden 2.25
  Population replacement 2.10
186 (110)  Estonian SSR ( Soviet Union Estonia) 2.09
187  Germany ( West Germany and  East Germany Germany) 2.09
188  United Kingdom 2.08
189 Channel Islands - (111)  Guernsey (UK) and (112)  Jersey (UK) 2.06
190 (113)  Latvian SSR ( Soviet Union Latvia) 2.01
191  North Korea 1.95
192  Austria 1.87
193  Luxembourg 1.87
  Sovereign states: 80
  Dependent territories: 113
  World
World 4.96
  Not ranked (no data or data from other years)
1 (1)  American Samoa (US) -
2  Andorra -
3 (2)