List of countries bordering on two or more oceans

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This is a list of countries which border two or more oceans, including both sovereign states and dependencies, provided the same contiguous territory borders on more than one of the five named oceans, the Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, Southern, and Arctic.[1] Countries which border on multiple oceans because of discontiguous regions are excluded here but included in the list of transcontinental countries.

List[edit]

Continent Country Pacific Ocean Atlantic Ocean Indian Ocean Polar Oceans Oceans Transit
Africa  South Africa South Atlantic Indian Ocean Southern Ocean 2 or 3[a] Cape of Good Hope
Africa &
Asia
 Egypt Mediterranean Sea Red Sea 2 Suez Canal
Asia  Israel Mediterranean Sea Red Sea 2
Asia  Thailand Gulf of Thailand Andaman Sea 2 Kra Canal
Asia  Malaysia South China Sea Andaman Sea 2 Strait of Malacca
Asia  Indonesia Pacific Ocean Indian Ocean 2 Strait of Malacca
Asia  East Timor Savu Sea, Flores Sea Timor Sea 2
Asia &
Europe
 Russia North Pacific Black Sea
Baltic Sea
Arctic Ocean 3 Trans-Siberian Railway
Europe  Norway Norwegian Sea Barents Sea 2
North America  Greenland[b] North Atlantic Arctic Ocean 2
North America  Canada North Pacific North Atlantic Arctic Ocean 3 Canadian Pacific Railway
North America  United States North Pacific Arctic Ocean 2[c]
North America  United States North Pacific North Atlantic 2[c] First Transcontinental Railroad
North America  Mexico Pacific Ocean Gulf of Mexico
Caribbean Sea
2 Tehuantepec route
North America  Guatemala Pacific Ocean Gulf of Honduras 2
North America  Honduras Gulf of Fonseca Caribbean Sea 2
North America  Nicaragua Pacific Ocean Caribbean Sea 2 Nicaragua Canal
North America  Costa Rica Pacific Ocean Caribbean Sea 2
North America &
South America
[d]
 Panama Gulf of Panama Caribbean Sea 2 Panama Canal
South America  Colombia Pacific Ocean Caribbean Sea 2 Darien Gap
South America  Chile South Pacific Straits of Magellan Southern Ocean 2 or 3[e]
South America  Argentina South Atlantic Drake Passage 1 or 2[f]
Australia  Australia South Pacific Indian Ocean Southern Ocean 2 or 3[g]
Antartica South Pacific South Atlantic Indian Ocean Southern Ocean 3 or 1[h]
  1. ^ South Africa borders on three oceans if the Southern Ocean is considered to extend to its shores, but only on two otherwise.
  2. ^ Greenland is part of Denmark.
  3. ^ a b Although Alaska and the Lower 48 each border on two oceans, no single contiguous US territory borders on three oceans.
  4. ^ The boundary between North and South America is somewhat arbitrary. Although atlases today generally show Panama entirely within North America, some 19th century atlases showed the continental boundary along the border between Nicaragua and Panama, which was then part of Colombia.[citation needed]
  5. ^ Chile borders on three oceans if the Southern and Atlantic Oceans are considered to meet in its territory, but only on two otherwise.
  6. ^ Argentina borders on two oceans if the Drake Passage is counted as part of the Southern Ocean, but only on one if it is considered part of the South Atlantic.
  7. ^ Australia borders on three oceans if the Southern Ocean is considered to extend that far north, but only on two otherwise.
  8. ^ Antarctica is included on this list although not a country. If the Southern ocean is considered a separate ocean, it borders on only that one ocean. If, however, the Southern Ocean is considered to be merely part of the Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian oceans, Antarctica borders on all three.

See also[edit]

References[edit]