List of countries by Fragile States Index

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This is a list of countries by order of appearance in the Fragile States Index (formerly the Failed States Index) of the United States think-tank Fund for Peace. A fragile state has several attributes. Common indicators include a state whose central government is so weak or ineffective, that it has little practical control over much of its territory; non-provision of public services; widespread corruption and criminality; refugees and involuntary movement of populations and sharp economic decline.[1] Since 2005, the index has been published annually by the Fund for Peace and the magazine Foreign Policy. The list has been cited by journalists and academics in making broad comparative points about countries or regions.[2][3]

This is the list for 2016,[4] with comparisons of each country's current score to previous years' indices.

The report uses 12 factors to determine the rating for each nation including security threats, economic implosion, human rights violations and refugee flows.

Indicators of a fragile state[edit]

12 factors are used by Fund For Peace to ascertain the status of a country.[5]

Social[edit]

  • Mounting demographic pressures.
  • Massive displacement of refugees, creating severe humanitarian emergencies.
  • Widespread vengeance-seeking group grievance.
  • Chronic and sustained human flight.

Economic[edit]

  • Uneven economic development along group lines.
  • Severe economic decline.

Political[edit]

  • Criminalization and/or delegitimization of the state.
  • Deterioration of public services.
  • Suspension or arbitrary application of law; widespread human rights abuses.
  • Security apparatus operating as a "state within a state".
  • Rise of factionalized elites.
  • Intervention of external political agents.

2016[edit]

Country 2016 score Change from 2015[6] Change from 2014[7] Change from 2013[8] Change from 2012[9] Change from 2011[10]
 Somalia 114.0 Steady 0.0 Negative increase 1.4 Negative increase 0.1 0.9 Negative increase 0.6
 South Sudan 113.8 0.7 Negative increase 0.9 Negative increase 3.2 Negative increase 5.4 N/A
 Central African Republic 112.1 Negative increase 0.2 Negative increase 1.5 Negative increase 6.8 Negative increase 8.3 Negative increase 7.1
 Sudan 111.5 Negative increase 0.7 Negative increase 1.4 Negative increase 0.5 Negative increase 2.1 Negative increase 2.8
 Yemen 111.5 Negative increase 3.4 Negative increase 6.1 Negative increase 4.5 Negative increase 6.7 Negative increase 11.2
 Syria 110.8 Negative increase 2.9 Negative increase 9.2 Negative increase 13.4 Negative increase 16.3 Negative increase 24.9
 Chad 110.1 Negative increase 1.7 Negative increase 1.4 Negative increase 1.1 Negative increase 2.5 0.2
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 110.0 Negative increase 0.3 0.2 1.9 1.2 Negative increase 1.8
 Afghanistan 107.9 Steady 0.0 Negative increase 1.4 Negative increase 1.2 Negative increase 1.9 Negative increase 0.4
 Haiti 105.1 Negative increase 0.6 Negative increase 0.8 0.7 Negative increase 0.2 2.9
 Iraq 104.7 Negative increase 0.2 Negative increase 2.5 Negative increase 0.8 Negative increase 0.4 0.1
 Guinea 103.8 1.1 Negative increase 1.1 Negative increase 2.5 Negative increase 1.9 Negative increase 1.3
 Nigeria 103.5 Negative increase 1.1 Negative increase 3.8 Negative increase 2.8 Negative increase 2.4 Negative increase 3.6
 Pakistan 101.7 1.2 1.3 1.2 Negative increase 0.1 0.6
 Burundi 100.7 Negative increase 2.6 Negative increase 3.6 Negative increase 3.1 Negative increase 3.2 Negative increase 2.1
 Zimbabwe 100.5 Negative increase 0.5 2.3 4.7 5.8 7.4
 Guinea Bissau 99.8 0.1 0.8 1.3 Negative increase 0.6 Negative increase 1.5
 Eritrea 98.6 Negative increase 1.7 Negative increase 3.1 Negative increase 3.6 Negative increase 4.1 Negative increase 5.0
 Niger 98.4 Negative increase 0.6 Negative increase 0.5 0.6 Negative increase 1.5 0.7
 Kenya 98.3 Negative increase 0.9 0.7 1.3 0.1 0.4
 Cote d'Ivoire 97.9 2.1 3.8 5.6 5.7 4.9
 Cameroon 97.8 Negative increase 3.5 Negative increase 4.7 Negative increase 4.3 Negative increase 4.7 Negative increase 3.2
 Uganda 97.7 Negative increase 0.7 Negative increase 1.7 Negative increase 1.1 Negative increase 1.2 Negative increase 1.4
 Ethiopia 97.2 0.3 0.7 1.7 0.7 1.0
 Libya 96.4 Negative increase 1.1 Negative increase 8.6 Negative increase 11.9 Negative increase 11.5 Negative increase 27.7
 Myanmar 96.3 Negative increase 1.6 Negative increase 2.0 Negative increase 1.7 Negative increase 0.1 2.0
 Liberia 95.5 1.8 Negative increase 1.2 Negative increase 0.4 Negative increase 2.2 Negative increase 1.5
 Mauritania 95.4 Negative increase 0.5 Negative increase 2.4 Negative increase 3.7 Negative increase 7.8 Negative increase 7.4
 Mali 95.2 Negative increase 2.1 Negative increase 5.4 Negative increase 5.9 Negative increase 17.3 Negative increase 15.9
 North Korea 93.9 Negative increase 0.1 0.1 1.2 1.6 1.7
 Republic of the Congo 92.2 Negative increase 1.4 Negative increase 2.6 Negative increase 2.2 Negative increase 2.1 Negative increase 0.8
 Rwanda 91.3 Negative increase 1.1 Negative increase 0.8 Negative increase 2.0 Negative increase 2.0 Negative increase 0.3
   Nepal 91.2 Negative increase 0.7 Negative increase 0.2 0.6 1.8 2.5
 Sierra Leone 91.0 0.9 Negative increase 1.1 0.2 Negative increase 0.6 1.1
 Timor-Leste 90.8 Negative increase 0.2 0.2 0.7 1.9 4.1
 Bangladesh 90.7 1.1 2.1 1.8 1.5 3.7
 Angola 90.5 Negative increase 2.4 Negative increase 3.1 Negative increase 3.4 Negative increase 5.4 Negative increase 5.9
 Egypt 90.2 Negative increase 0.2 0.8 0.4 0.2 Negative increase 3.4
 Djibouti 89.7 Negative increase 1.6 Negative increase 2.6 Negative increase 4.2 Negative increase 5.9 Negative increase 7.1
 Lebanon 89.6 Negative increase 1.5 Negative increase 2.7 Negative increase 3.3 Negative increase 3.8 Negative increase 1.9
 Burkina Faso 89.4 Negative increase 0.2 Negative increase 0.4 0.8 Negative increase 2.0 Negative increase 0.8
 Mozambique 87.8 Negative increase 0.9 Negative increase 1.9 Negative increase 5.0 Negative increase 5.4 Negative increase 4.2
 Sri Lanka 87.7 2.9 4.9 5.2 4.5 5.4
 Malawi 87.6 Negative increase 0.7 1.5 1.6 1.2 3.6
 Swaziland 87.6 Negative increase 1.3 Negative increase 1.8 Negative increase 2.0 Negative increase 4.1 Negative increase 5.1
 Cambodia 87.4 0.5 1.1 0.6 1.3 1.1
 Iran 86.9 0.3 0.3 2.8 2.7 3.3
 Gambia 86.8 Negative increase 1.4 Negative increase 3.7 Negative increase 5.0 Negative increase 6.2 Negative increase 5.9
 Zambia 86.3 Negative increase 1.1 Negative increase 0.1 0.3 Negative increase 0.4 Negative increase 2.5
 Papua New Guinea 86.2 Negative increase 2.8 Negative increase 2.1 Negative increase 1.3 Negative increase 2.5 Negative increase 2.0
 Togo 85.8 1.0 2.0 2.0 1.7 3.6
 Solomon Islands 85.3 0.6 1.1 Negative increase 0.1 0.3 0.6
 Equatorial Guinea 85.2 Negative increase 0.4 0.1 0.9 1.1 2.9
 Philippines 84.7 1.6 0.6 Negative increase 1.9 Negative increase 1.5 0.3
 Laos 84.4 0.1 Negative increase 0.1 Negative increase 0.7 1.1 2.3
 Madagascar 84.2 Negative increase 0.6 Negative increase 1.1 Negative increase 1.5 Negative increase 1.7 Negative increase 1.0
 Comoros 83.8 Negative increase 0.5 1.3 0.2 Negative increase 0.8 Steady 0.0
 Tajikistan 83.8 Negative increase 0.4 0.8 1.4 1.9 4.5
 Senegal 83.6 Negative increase 0.6 Negative increase 0.8 Negative increase 2.2 Negative increase 4.3 Negative increase 6.8
 Uzbekistan 83.5 1.9 2.8 3.4 4.0 4.8
 Guatemala 83.2 Negative increase 2.8 Negative increase 2.9 Negative increase 2.5 Negative increase 3.8 Negative increase 3.1
 Tanzania 81.8 Negative increase 1.0 Negative increase 1.0 Negative increase 0.7 Negative increase 1.4 Negative increase 0.5
 Venezuela 81.6 Negative increase 3.0 Negative increase 4.9 Negative increase 6.3 Negative increase 4.3 Negative increase 3.4
 Kyrgyzstan 81.1 1.1 2.8 4.6 6.3 10.7
 Russia 81.0 Negative increase 1.0 Negative increase 4.5 Negative increase 3.9 Negative increase 3.9 Negative increase 3.3
 Lesotho 80.9 Negative increase 1.0 Negative increase 2.3 Negative increase 1.5 Negative increase 1.9 Negative increase 0.5
 Colombia 80.2 2.3 2.9 3.6 4.2 6.8
 Honduras 79.8 Negative increase 1.6 Negative increase 1.9 Negative increase 1.5 Negative increase 1.3 Negative increase 1.5
 Israel/ West Bank 79.7 Negative increase 0.3 Negative increase 0.2 1.1 2.5 4.7
 India 79.6 Negative increase 0.2 Negative increase 2.7 Negative increase 2.1 Negative increase 1.6 Negative increase 0.3
 Nicaragua 79.0 Steady 0.0 Negative increase 0.6 0.2 0.6 2.2
 Benin 78.9 Negative increase 0.1 Negative increase 0.7 Negative increase 1.0 Negative increase 0.3 1.1
 Georgia 78.9 0.4 3.8 5.3 5.9 7.5
 Thailand 78.8 0.3 Negative increase 1.8 Negative increase 3.7 Negative increase 1.8 Negative increase 0.5
 Bolivia 78.5 Negative increase 0.5 0.4 2.3 3.6 4.4
 Algeria 78.3 1.3 0.5 0.4 Negative increase 0.2 Negative increase 0.3
 Jordan 78.0 Negative increase 1.1 Negative increase 1.3 Negative increase 2.3 Negative increase 3.2 Negative increase 3.5
 Bhutan 77.6 1.1 3.3 4.2 4.8 7.4
 Turkey 77.3 Negative increase 2.8 Negative increase 3.2 Negative increase 1.4 Negative increase 0.7 Negative increase 5.8
 Micronesia 77.1 Negative increase 3.5 Negative increase 2.5 Negative increase 4.2 Negative increase 5.2 Negative increase 5.2
 Azerbaijan 76.3 1.0 1.5 1.9 3.5 5.6
 Fiji 76.2 0.6 2.8 4.6 4.3 4.9
 Turkmenistan 76.0 1.5 2.2 0.7 1.4 3.7
 Ecuador 75.6 0.3 1.7 3.0 4.5 6.6
 Ukraine 75.5 0.8 Negative increase 8.3 Negative increase 9.6 Negative increase 8.3 Negative increase 6.5
 China 74.9 1.5 4.1 6.0 3.4 5.2
 Indonesia 74.9 0.1 1.9 3.3 5.7 6.7
 Bosnia 74.6 2.8 1.3 1.9 3.3 6.3
 Tunisia 74.6 1.2 2.9 1.9 Negative increase 0.4 Negative increase 4.5
 Morocco 74.2 0.4 0.2 0.1 1.9 2.1
 Maldives 74.0 0.2 1.4 1.4 1.1 1.6
 Belarus 73.9 1.7 1.1 2.8 2.7 3.7
 Moldova 73.2 Negative increase 0.2 1.9 3.3 5.5 8.0
 Sao Tome 72.9 0.8 2.9 1.7 1.0 1.6
 Paraguay 72.6 Negative increase 1.3 Negative increase 1.0 Negative increase 0.8 Negative increase 1.7 Negative increase 0.2
 El Salvador 72.5 Negative increase 1.1 Negative increase 0.5 0.7 1.9 3.5
 Saudi Arabia 72.2 Negative increase 0.6 0.9 0.5 1.2 3.0
 Gabon 72.0 Negative increase 0.7 0.2 0.9 2.6 3.3
 Peru 72.0 Negative increase 0.1 0.9 0.3 1.5 1.6
 Serbia 72.0 1.8 Steady 0.0 2.4 3.0 2.4
 Cape Verde 71.5 2.0 2.6 2.2 3.2 4.3
 Ghana 71.2 0.7 Negative increase 0.5 Negative increase 2.1 Negative increase 3.7 Negative increase 3.5
 Namibia 71.1 Negative increase 0.3 0.4 Negative increase 0.7 Negative increase 0.1 0.6
 Guyana 70.9 Negative increase 0.4 0.1 Negative increase 0.1 0.5 1.7
 Dominican Republic 70.8 0.4 2.6 2.4 3.3 6.1
 Vietnam 70.7 1.7 2.0 2.4 3.3 5.4
 Mexico 70.4 1.4 0.7 2.7 3.2 4.7
 South Africa 69.9 Negative increase 2.9 Negative increase 3.3 Negative increase 2.3 Negative increase 3.1 Negative increase 2.3
 Armenia 69.6 0.1 1.7 1.7 2.6 2.7
 Samoa 67.6 0.6 1.7 1.1 0.9 1.9
 Macedonia 67.0 Negative increase 2.5 Negative increase 0.6 1.0 2.1 4.0
 Suriname 66.7 1.7 3.9 4.5 4.5 4.4
 Kazakhstan 66.5 1.8 2.0 3.3 4.4 3.7
 Cuba 66.3 1.1 4.5 6.5 6.8 10.3
 Malaysia 66.1 Negative increase 0.2 0.1 Steady 0.0 2.4 2.6
 Belize 66.0 Negative increase 0.7 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.7
 Brazil 65.3 Negative increase 2.7 Negative increase 3.9 Negative increase 3.2 Negative increase 1.2 Negative increase 0.2
 Jamaica 65.0 Negative increase 0.4 Negative increase 0.1 0.6 0.8 2.1
 Cyprus 64.0 2.2 3.9 3.0 2.8 3.6
 Botswana 63.5 Negative increase 0.7 1.0 0.5 3.0 4.4
 Bahrain 63.4 0.9 1.3 Negative increase 0.5 Negative increase 1.2 Negative increase 4.4
 Grenada 63.0 0.4 2.2 1.6 2.0 3.4
 Brunei 62.0 1.0 1.6 1.2 2.1 3.8
 Albania 61.2 0.7 2.4 4.0 4.9 4.9
 Seychelles 60.2 1.9 3.5 3.8 4.9 6.8
 Kuwait 58.5 Negative increase 1.0 0.5 1.1 0.3 1.0
 Trinidad 57.8 0.9 3.5 4.8 6.6 5.9
 Mongolia 56.6 0.4 1.5 1.2 2.1 3.0
 Antigua & Barbuda 56.2 1.6 2.8 1.8 2.7 3.7
 Greece 55.9 Negative increase 3.3 Negative increase 3.8 Negative increase 5.3 Negative increase 5.5 Negative increase 8.5
 Montenegro 55.2 Negative increase 1.0 0.5 Negative increase 0.8 0.3 1.1
 Bulgaria 53.7 1.7 0.7 1.3 2.6 5.3
 Panama 53.2 1.4 2.5 2.6 2.9 4.6
 Romania 52.9 1.3 4.0 4.5 6.6 6.9
 Hungary 52.7 Negative increase 3.6 Negative increase 4.4 Negative increase 5.1 Negative increase 4.4 Negative increase 4.0
 Croatia 52.4 Negative increase 1.4 0.5 1.7 3.9 4.9
 Oman 51.6 0.4 1.5 0.4 0.1 Negative increase 2.3
 Bahamas 51.6 Steady 0.0 2.5 3.1 3.5 4.9
 Barbados 49.0 0.3 2.4 1.8 3.0 3.8
 Argentina 48.4 Negative increase 0.8 Negative increase 1.1 Negative increase 2.3 Negative increase 1.9 Negative increase 1.6
 Latvia 47.4 1.2 0.6 0.5 4.5 6.8
 Costa Rica 45.1 1.6 3.4 3.6 4.6 5.5
 Qatar 45.1 1.2 3.8 2.0 2.9 4.4
 Slovakia 44.9 Negative increase 2.3 0.4 0.4 2.5 2.2
 United Arab Emirates 44.5 1.7 3.1 2.8 4.4 5.9
 Estonia 43.4 0.4 1.8 1.9 4.1 5.9
 Mauritius 43.2 2.0 2.9 1.3 1.5 1.0
 Italy 43.1 0.1 0.3 1.5 2.7 2.7
 Lithuania 42.4 0.6 0.8 0.6 1.8 2.9
 Chile 41.9 Negative increase 0.4 0.1 0.4 1.6 Negative increase 1.2
 Czech Republic 40.8 Negative increase 3.4 Negative increase 1.4 Negative increase 0.9 Negative increase 1.3 1.6
 Poland 40.7 Negative increase 0.9 1.4 0.2 3.6 6.1
 Spain 39.8 1.1 3.3 4.6 3.0 3.3
 Malta 39.6 1.3 3.4 2.8 4.2 5.8
 Uruguay 36.2 0.3 1.7 2.2 4.3 4.2
 South Korea 36.1 0.2 0.3 Negative increase 0.7 1.5 2.7
 Japan 35.1 0.9 1.2 1.0 8.4 Negative increase 4.1
 France 34.5 Negative increase 0.8 0.3 Negative increase 1.9 Negative increase 0.9 Negative increase 0.5
 United States 34.0 1.3 1.4 Negative increase 0.5 0.8 0.8
 Slovenia 33.9 Negative increase 2.3 Negative increase 1.3 Negative increase 1.6 0.1 1.6
 Singapore 32.9 1.5 3.0 1.1 2.7 2.2
 United Kingdom 32.4 1.0 1.9 0.8 2.9 1.7
 Portugal 29.2 0.5 3.9 3.4 5.0 3.1
 Belgium 29.0 1.4 3.0 1.9 4.5 5.1
 Germany 28.6 Negative increase 0.5 2.0 1.1 3.1 5.3
 Netherlands 28.2 Negative increase 1.4 0.4 Negative increase 1.3 Negative increase 0.1 0.1
 Austria 27.5 Negative increase 1.5 1.0 Negative increase 0.6 Steady 0.0 Negative increase 0.2
 Luxembourg 24.1 Negative increase 1.9 0.5 Negative increase 0.8 1.4 2.0
 Canada 23.8 1.9 3.6 2.2 3.0 3.9
 Iceland 22.8 0.6 3.1 1.9 6.3 7.3
 Sweden 22.6 Negative increase 2.4 Negative increase 1.2 Negative increase 2.9 Negative increase 1.3 0.2
 Ireland 22.5 2.2 3.6 2.3 4.0 2.8
 Australia 22.5 1.8 3.8 2.9 6.7 5.6
  Switzerland 21.8 0.5 1.5 Negative increase 0.3 1.5 1.4
 Denmark 21.5 Steady 0.0 1.3 0.4 1.5 2.3
 New Zealand 21.3 1.3 2.8 1.4 4.3 3.5
 Norway 21.2 Negative increase 0.4 1.8 0.3 2.7 Negative increase 0.8
 Finland 18.8 Negative increase 1.0 Negative increase 0.1 Negative increase 0.8 1.2 0.9

Previous[edit]

2013[edit]

Failed States according to the "Failed States Index 2013" of Fund for Peace[8]
  Alert
  Warning
  Stable
  Sustainable
  No Information / Dependent Territory

2012[edit]

Failed States according to the "Failed States Index 2012" of Foreign Policy[9]
  Critical
  In Danger
  Borderline
  Stable
  Most Stable

2011[edit]

Failed States according to the "Failed States Index 2011" of Foreign Policy[10]
  Alert
  Warning
  Stable
  Sustainable
  No Information / Dependent Territory

References[edit]

  1. ^ "What Does "State Fragility" Mean?". Fund for Peace. Retrieved 31 August 2015. 
  2. ^ "Failing States: SOS". The Economist. June 19, 2007. Retrieved 1 December 2012. 
  3. ^ Bloom, David E. (May 5, 2011). "Africa's Daunting Challenges". New York Times. Retrieved 1 December 2012. 
  4. ^ Fragile States Index 2016 The Fund for Peace
  5. ^ Indicators The Fund for Peace. Retrieved on 2015-08-31.
  6. ^ Fragile States Index 2015
  7. ^ Failed States Index 2014
  8. ^ a b Failed States Index 2013
  9. ^ a b Failed States Index 2012
  10. ^ a b Failed States Index 2011

External links[edit]