List of countries by Fragile States Index

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This is a list of countries by order of appearance in the Fragile States Index (formerly the Failed States Index) of the United States think-tank Fund for Peace.

A fragile state has several attributes. Common indicators include a state whose central government is so weak or ineffective that it has little practical control over much of its territory; non-provision of public services; widespread corruption and criminality; refugees and involuntary movement of populations; and sharp economic decline.[1] Since 2005, the index has been published annually by the Fund for Peace and the magazine Foreign Policy. The list has been cited by journalists and academics in making broad comparative points about countries or regions.[2][3]

This is the list for 2016,[4] with comparisons of each country's current score to previous years' indices.

The report uses 12 factors to determine the rating for each nation, including security threats, economic implosion, human rights violations and refugee flows.

Indicators of a fragile state[edit]

12 factors are used by Fund For Peace to ascertain the status of a country.[5]

Social[edit]

  • Mounting demographic pressures.
  • Massive displacement of refugees, creating severe humanitarian emergencies.
  • Widespread vengeance-seeking group grievance.
  • Chronic and sustained human flight.

Economic[edit]

  • Uneven economic development along group lines.
  • Severe economic decline.

Political[edit]

  • Criminalization and/or delegitimization of the state.
  • Deterioration of public services.
  • Suspension or arbitrary application of law; widespread human rights abuses.
  • Security apparatus operating as a "state within a state".
  • Rise of factionalized elites.
  • Intervention of external political agents.

2017[edit]

Rank Country 2017 score Change from 2016[6] Change from 2015[6] Change from 2014[7] Change from 2013[8] Change from 2012[9] Change from 2011[10]
1  South Sudan 113.9 Negative increase 0.1 0.7 Negative increase 0.9 Negative increase 3.2 Negative increase 5.4 N/A
2  Somalia 113.4 0.6 Steady Negative increase 1.4 Negative increase 0.1 0.9 Negative increase 0.6
3  Central African Republic 112.6 Negative increase 0.5 Negative increase 0.2 Negative increase 1.5 Negative increase 6.8 Negative increase 8.3 Negative increase 7.1
4  Yemen 111.1 0.4 Negative increase 3.4 Negative increase 6.1 Negative increase 4.5 Negative increase 6.7 Negative increase 11.2
5  Sudan 110.6 0.9 Negative increase 0.7 Negative increase 1.4 Negative increase 0.5 Negative increase 2.1 Negative increase 2.8
5  Syria 110.6 0.2 Negative increase 2.9 Negative increase 9.2 Negative increase 13.4 Negative increase 16.3 Negative increase 24.9
7  Democratic Republic of the Congo 110.0 Steady Negative increase 0.3 0.2 1.9 1.2 Negative increase 1.8
8  Chad 109.4 0.7 Negative increase 1.7 Negative increase 1.4 Negative increase 1.1 Negative increase 2.5 0.2
9  Afghanistan 107.3 0.6 Steady Negative increase 1.4 Negative increase 1.2 Negative increase 1.9 Negative increase 0.4
10  Iraq 105.4 Negative increase 0.7 Negative increase 0.2 Negative increase 2.5 Negative increase 0.8 Negative increase 0.4 0.1
11  Haiti 105.3 Negative increase 0.2 Negative increase 0.6 Negative increase 0.8 0.7 Negative increase 0.2 2.9
12  Guinea 102.4 1.4 1.1 Negative increase 1.1 Negative increase 2.5 Negative increase 1.9 Negative increase 1.3
13  Nigeria 101.6 1.9 Negative increase 1.1 Negative increase 3.8 Negative increase 2.8 Negative increase 2.4 Negative increase 3.6
13  Zimbabwe 101.6 Negative increase 1.1 Negative increase 0.5 2.3 4.7 5.8 7.4
15  Ethiopia 101.1 Negative increase 3.9 0.3 0.7 1.7 0.7 1.0
16  Guinea-Bissau 99.5 0.3 0.1 0.8 1.3 Negative increase 0.6 Negative increase 1.5
17  Burundi 98.9 1.8 Negative increase 2.6 Negative increase 3.6 Negative increase 3.1 Negative increase 3.2 Negative increase 2.1
17  Pakistan 98.9 2.8 1.2 1.3 1.2 Negative increase 0.1 0.6
19  Eritrea 98.1 0.5 Negative increase 1.7 Negative increase 3.1 Negative increase 3.6 Negative increase 4.1 Negative increase 5.0
20  Niger 97.4 1.0 Negative increase 0.6 Negative increase 0.5 0.6 Negative increase 1.5 0.7
21  Côte d'Ivoire 96.5 1.4 2.1 3.8 5.6 5.7 4.9
22  Kenya 96.4 1.9 Negative increase 0.9 0.7 1.3 0.1 0.4
23  Libya 96.3 0.1 Negative increase 1.1 Negative increase 8.6 Negative increase 11.9 Negative increase 11.5 Negative increase 27.7
24  Uganda 96.0 1.7 Negative increase 0.7 Negative increase 1.7 Negative increase 1.1 Negative increase 1.2 Negative increase 1.4
25  Myanmar 95.7 0.6 Negative increase 1.6 Negative increase 2.0 Negative increase 1.7 Negative increase 0.1 2.0
26  Cameroon 95.6 2.2 Negative increase 3.5 Negative increase 4.7 Negative increase 4.3 Negative increase 4.7 Negative increase 3.2
27  Liberia 93.8 1.7 1.8 Negative increase 1.2 Negative increase 0.4 Negative increase 2.2 Negative increase 1.5
28  Mauritania 93.7 1.7 Negative increase 0.5 Negative increase 2.4 Negative increase 3.7 Negative increase 7.8 Negative increase 7.4
29  Republic of the Congo 93.4 Negative increase 1.2 Negative increase 1.4 Negative increase 2.6 Negative increase 2.2 Negative increase 2.1 Negative increase 0.8
30  North Korea 93.3 0.6 Negative increase 0.1 0.1 1.2 1.6 1.7
31  Mali 92.9 2.3 Negative increase 2.1 Negative increase 5.4 Negative increase 5.9 Negative increase 17.3 Negative increase 15.9
32  Angola 91.1 Negative increase 0.6 Negative increase 2.4 Negative increase 3.1 Negative increase 3.4 Negative increase 5.4 Negative increase 5.9
33    Nepal 91.0 0.2 Negative increase 0.7 Negative increase 0.2 0.6 1.8 2.5
34  Rwanda 90.8 0.5 Negative increase 1.1 Negative increase 0.8 Negative increase 2.0 Negative increase 2.0 Negative increase 0.3
35  Timor-Leste 90.5 0.3 Negative increase 0.2 0.2 0.7 1.9 4.1
36  Egypt 89.8 0.4 Negative increase 0.2 0.8 0.4 0.2 Negative increase 3.4
37  Gambia 89.4 Negative increase 2.6 Negative increase 1.4 Negative increase 3.7 Negative increase 5.0 Negative increase 6.2 Negative increase 5.9
38  Sierra Leone 89.3 1.7 0.9 Negative increase 1.1 0.2 Negative increase 0.6 1.1
39  Bangladesh 89.1 1.6 1.1 2.1 1.8 1.5 3.7
40  Mozambique 89.0 Negative increase 1.2 Negative increase 0.9 Negative increase 1.9 Negative increase 5.0 Negative increase 5.4 Negative increase 4.2
41  Djibouti 88.9 0.8 Negative increase 1.6 Negative increase 2.6 Negative increase 4.2 Negative increase 5.9 Negative increase 7.1
42  Swaziland 88.8 Negative increase 1.2 Negative increase 1.3 Negative increase 1.8 Negative increase 2.0 Negative increase 4.1 Negative increase 5.1
43  Lebanon 88.2 1.4 Negative increase 1.5 Negative increase 2.7 Negative increase 3.3 Negative increase 3.8 Negative increase 1.9
44  Burkina Faso 88.0 1.4 Negative increase 0.2 Negative increase 0.4 0.8 Negative increase 2.0 Negative increase 0.8
44  Malawi 88.0 Negative increase 0.4 Negative increase 0.7 1.5 1.6 1.2 3.6
46  Zambia 87.8 Negative increase 1.5 Negative increase 1.1 Negative increase 0.1 0.3 Negative increase 0.4 Negative increase 2.5
47  Sri Lanka 86.6 1.1 2.9 4.9 5.2 4.5 5.4
48  Papua New Guinea 86.4 Negative increase 0.2 Negative increase 2.8 Negative increase 2.1 Negative increase 1.3 Negative increase 2.5 Negative increase 2.0
49  Iran 85.8 1.1 0.3 0.3 2.8 2.7 3.3
50  Cambodia 85.7 1.7 0.5 1.1 0.6 1.3 1.1
51  Equatorial Guinea 85.0 0.2 Negative increase 0.4 0.1 0.9 1.1 2.9
52  Comoros 84.8 Negative increase 1.0 Negative increase 0.5 1.3 0.2 Negative increase 0.8 Steady
52  Solomon Islands 84.8 0.5 0.6 1.1 Negative increase 0.1 0.3 0.6
54  Philippines 84.4 0.3 1.6 0.6 Negative increase 1.9 Negative increase 1.5 0.3
55  Madagascar 84.0 0.2 Negative increase 0.6 Negative increase 1.1 Negative increase 1.5 Negative increase 1.7 Negative increase 1.0
56  Togo 83.9 1.9 1.0 2.0 2.0 1.7 3.6
57  Guatemala 83.1 0.1 Negative increase 2.8 Negative increase 2.9 Negative increase 2.5 Negative increase 3.8 Negative increase 3.1
58  Venezuela 82.9 Negative increase 1.3 Negative increase 3.0 Negative increase 4.9 Negative increase 6.3 Negative increase 4.3 Negative increase 3.4
59  Laos 82.4 2.0 0.1 Negative increase 0.1 Negative increase 0.7 1.1 2.3
60  Senegal 82.3 1.3 Negative increase 0.6 Negative increase 0.8 Negative increase 2.2 Negative increase 4.3 Negative increase 6.8
61  Tajikistan 81.8 2.0 Negative increase 0.4 0.8 1.4 1.9 4.5
62  Lesotho 81.7 Negative increase 0.8 Negative increase 1.0 Negative increase 2.3 Negative increase 1.5 Negative increase 1.9 Negative increase 0.5
63  Uzbekistan 81.5 2.0 1.9 2.8 3.4 4.0 4.8
64  Turkey 80.8 Negative increase 3.5 Negative increase 2.8 Negative increase 3.2 Negative increase 1.4 Negative increase 0.7 Negative increase 5.8
65  Kyrgyzstan 80.3 0.8 1.1 2.8 4.6 6.3 10.7
65  Tanzania 80.3 1.5 Negative increase 1.0 Negative increase 1.0 Negative increase 0.7 Negative increase 1.4 Negative increase 0.5
67  Russia 79.2 1.8 Negative increase 1.0 Negative increase 4.5 Negative increase 3.9 Negative increase 3.9 Negative increase 3.3
68  Honduras 79.1 0.7 Negative increase 1.6 Negative increase 1.9 Negative increase 1.5 Negative increase 1.3 Negative increase 1.5
69  Colombia 78.9 1.3 2.3 2.9 3.6 4.2 6.8
69  Israel / West Bank 78.9 0.8 Negative increase 0.3 Negative increase 0.2 1.1 2.5 4.7
71  Jordan 78.7 Negative increase 0.7 Negative increase 1.1 Negative increase 1.3 Negative increase 2.3 Negative increase 3.2 Negative increase 3.5
72  India 77.9 1.7 Negative increase 0.2 Negative increase 2.7 Negative increase 2.1 Negative increase 1.6 Negative increase 0.3
73  Benin 77.6 1.3 Negative increase 0.1 Negative increase 0.7 Negative increase 1.0 Negative increase 0.3 1.1
74  Nicaragua 77.4 1.6 Steady Negative increase 0.6 0.2 0.6 2.2
75  Ecuador 77.3 Negative increase 1.7 0.3 1.7 3.0 4.5 6.6
76  Fiji 76.9 Negative increase 0.7 0.6 2.8 4.6 4.3 4.9
77  Algeria 76.8 1.5 1.3 0.5 0.4 Negative increase 0.2 Negative increase 0.3
77  Bolivia 76.8 1.5 Negative increase 0.5 0.4 2.3 3.6 4.4
79  Georgia 76.5 2.4 0.4 3.8 5.3 5.9 7.5
80  Micronesia 76.4 0.7 Negative increase 3.5 Negative increase 2.5 Negative increase 4.2 Negative increase 5.2 Negative increase 5.2
81  Azerbaijan 76.3 Steady 1.0 1.5 1.9 3.5 5.6
82  Thailand 76.2 2.6 0.3 Negative increase 1.8 Negative increase 3.7 Negative increase 1.8 Negative increase 0.5
83  Bhutan 76.0 1.6 1.1 3.3 4.2 4.8 7.4
84  Morocco 74.9 Negative increase 0.7 0.4 0.2 0.1 1.9 2.1
85  China 74.7 0.2 1.5 4.1 6.0 3.4 5.2
86  Maldives 74.4 Negative increase 0.4 0.2 1.4 1.4 1.1 1.6
86  Turkmenistan 74.4 1.6 1.5 2.2 0.7 1.4 3.7
88  Mexico 74.3 Negative increase 3.9 1.4 0.7 2.7 3.2 4.7
89  Tunisia 74.2 0.4 1.2 2.9 1.9 Negative increase 0.4 Negative increase 4.5
90  Ukraine 74.0 1.5 0.8 Negative increase 8.3 Negative increase 9.6 Negative increase 8.3 Negative increase 6.5
91  Gabon 73.8 Negative increase 1.8 Negative increase 0.7 0.2 0.9 2.6 3.3
92  El Salvador 73.1 Negative increase 0.6 Negative increase 1.1 Negative increase 0.5 0.7 1.9 3.5
93  Bosnia 73.0 1.6 2.8 1.3 1.9 3.3 6.3
94  Indonesia 72.9 2.0 0.1 1.9 3.3 5.7 6.7
95  Belarus 72.4 1.5 1.7 1.1 2.8 2.7 3.7
96  South Africa 72.3 Negative increase 2.4 Negative increase 2.9 Negative increase 3.3 Negative increase 2.3 Negative increase 3.1 Negative increase 2.3
97  São Tomé and Príncipe 72.1 0.8 0.8 2.9 1.7 1.0 1.6
98  Moldova 72.0 1.2 Negative increase 0.2 1.9 3.3 5.5 8.0
99  Paraguay 71.6 1.0 Negative increase 1.3 Negative increase 1.0 Negative increase 0.8 Negative increase 1.7 Negative increase 0.2
100  Guyana 71.3 Negative increase 0.4 Negative increase 0.4 0.1 Negative increase 0.1 0.5 1.7
101  Saudi Arabia 71.2 1.0 Negative increase 0.6 0.9 0.5 1.2 3.0
102  Armenia 71.0 Negative increase 1.4 0.1 1.7 1.7 2.6 2.7
103  Namibia 70.4 0.7 Negative increase 0.3 0.4 Negative increase 0.7 Negative increase 0.1 0.6
104  Peru 70.3 1.7 Negative increase 0.1 0.9 0.3 1.5 1.6
105  Vietnam 70.2 0.5 1.7 2.0 2.4 3.3 5.4
106  Cape Verde 70.1 1.4 2.0 2.6 2.2 3.2 4.3
107  Serbia 70.0 2.0 1.8 Steady 2.4 3.0 2.4
108  Ghana 69.7 1.5 0.7 Negative increase 0.5 Negative increase 2.1 Negative increase 3.7 Negative increase 3.5
109  Dominican Republic 69.0 1.8 0.4 2.6 2.4 3.3 6.1
110  Brazil 68.2 Negative increase 2.9 Negative increase 2.7 Negative increase 3.9 Negative increase 3.2 Negative increase 1.2 Negative increase 0.2
111  Samoa 67.1 0.5 0.6 1.7 1.1 0.9 1.9
112  Macedonia 66.1 0.9 Negative increase 2.5 Negative increase 0.6 1.0 2.1 4.0
113  Kazakhstan 65.9 0.6 1.8 2.0 3.3 4.4 3.7
113  Suriname 65.9 0.8 1.7 3.9 4.5 4.5 4.4
115  Belize 65.5 0.5 Negative increase 0.7 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.7
116  Malaysia 65.4 0.7 Negative increase 0.2 0.1 Steady 2.4 2.6
117  Jamaica 65.2 Negative increase 0.2 Negative increase 0.4 Negative increase 0.1 0.6 0.8 2.1
118  Bahrain 64.9 Negative increase 1.5 0.9 1.3 Negative increase 0.5 Negative increase 1.2 Negative increase 4.4
119  Cuba 64.6 1.7 1.1 4.5 6.5 6.8 10.3
120  Botswana 63.8 Negative increase 0.3 Negative increase 0.7 1.0 0.5 3.0 4.4
121  Cyprus 62.6 1.4 2.2 3.9 3.0 2.8 3.6
122  Brunei 61.6 0.4 1.0 1.6 1.2 2.1 3.8
123  Grenada 61.5 1.5 0.4 2.2 1.6 2.0 3.4
124  Albania 60.5 0.7 0.7 2.4 4.0 4.9 4.9
125  Seychelles 59.4 0.8 1.9 3.5 3.8 4.9 6.8
126  Kuwait 58.5 Steady Negative increase 1.0 0.5 1.1 0.3 1.0
127  Greece 57.5 Negative increase 1.6 Negative increase 3.3 Negative increase 3.8 Negative increase 5.3 Negative increase 5.5 Negative increase 8.5
128  Mongolia 56.7 Negative increase 0.1 0.4 1.5 1.2 2.1 3.0
128  Trinidad and Tobago 56.7 1.1 0.9 3.5 4.8 6.6 5.9
130  Montenegro 55.7 Negative increase 0.5 Negative increase 1.0 0.5 Negative increase 0.8 0.3 1.1
131  Antigua and Barbuda 54.8 1.4 1.6 2.8 1.8 2.7 3.7
132  Bulgaria 53.7 Steady 1.7 0.7 1.3 2.6 5.3
133  Oman 52.5 Negative increase 0.9 0.4 1.5 0.4 0.1 Negative increase 2.3
134  Bahamas 52.4 Negative increase 0.8 Steady 2.5 3.1 3.5 4.9
135  Hungary 52.0 0.7 Negative increase 3.6 Negative increase 4.4 Negative increase 5.1 Negative increase 4.4 Negative increase 4.0
136  Romania 50.9 2.0 1.3 4.0 4.5 6.6 6.9
137  Panama 50.7 2.5 1.4 2.5 2.6 2.9 4.6
138  Croatia 50.6 1.8 Negative increase 1.4 0.5 1.7 3.9 4.9
139  Barbados 49.6 Negative increase 0.6 0.3 2.4 1.8 3.0 3.8
140  Argentina 48.2 0.2 Negative increase 0.8 Negative increase 1.1 Negative increase 2.3 Negative increase 1.9 Negative increase 1.6
141  Latvia 46.4 1.0 1.2 0.6 0.5 4.5 6.8
142  Italy 45.2 Negative increase 2.1 0.1 0.3 1.5 2.7 2.7
143  Estonia 44.7 Negative increase 1.3 0.4 1.8 1.9 4.1 5.9
144  Slovakia 44.3 0.6 Negative increase 2.3 0.4 0.4 2.5 2.2
145  Costa Rica 44.1 1.0 1.6 3.4 3.6 4.6 5.5
146  Qatar 44.0 1.1 1.2 3.8 2.0 2.9 4.4
147  United Arab Emirates 43.7 0.8 1.7 3.1 2.8 4.4 5.9
148  Lithuania 41.7 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.6 1.8 2.9
148  Mauritius 41.7 1.5 2.0 2.9 1.3 1.5 1.0
150  Chile 41.1 0.8 Negative increase 0.4 0.1 0.4 1.6 Negative increase 1.2
151  Poland 40.8 Negative increase 0.1 Negative increase 0.9 1.4 0.2 3.6 6.1
152  Czech Republic 40.1 0.7 Negative increase 3.4 Negative increase 1.4 Negative increase 0.9 Negative increase 1.3 1.6
153  Malta 38.6 1.0 1.3 3.4 2.8 4.2 5.8
154  South Korea 38.1 Negative increase 2.0 0.2 0.3 Negative increase 0.7 1.5 2.7
155  Spain 37.9 1.9 1.1 3.3 4.6 3.0 3.3
156  Japan 37.4 Negative increase 2.3 0.9 1.2 1.0 8.4 Negative increase 4.1
157  Uruguay 36.8 Negative increase 0.6 0.3 1.7 2.2 4.3 4.2
158  United States 35.6 Negative increase 1.6 1.3 1.4 Negative increase 0.5 0.8 0.8
159  France 33.5 1.0 Negative increase 0.8 0.3 Negative increase 1.9 Negative increase 0.9 Negative increase 0.5
160  United Kingdom 33.2 Negative increase 0.8 1.0 1.9 0.8 2.9 1.7
161  Singapore 32.5 0.4 1.5 3.0 1.1 2.7 2.2
162  Slovenia 32.4 1.5 Negative increase 2.3 Negative increase 1.3 Negative increase 1.6 0.1 1.6
163  Belgium 30.8 Negative increase 1.8 1.4 3.0 1.9 4.5 5.1
164  Portugal 29.0 0.2 0.5 3.9 3.4 5.0 3.1
165  Germany 28.1 0.5 Negative increase 0.5 2.0 1.1 3.1 5.3
166  Austria 27.7 Negative increase 0.2 Negative increase 1.5 1.0 Negative increase 0.6 Steady Negative increase 0.2
167  Netherlands 27.4 0.8 Negative increase 1.4 0.4 Negative increase 1.3 Negative increase 0.1 0.1
168  Luxembourg 23.4 0.7 Negative increase 1.9 0.5 Negative increase 0.8 1.4 2.0
169  Canada 22.6 1.2 1.9 3.6 2.2 3.0 3.9
169  New Zealand 22.6 Negative increase 1.3 1.3 2.8 1.4 4.3 3.5
171  Iceland 22.5 0.3 0.6 3.1 1.9 6.3 7.3
172  Australia 22.3 0.2 1.8 3.8 2.9 6.7 5.6
172  Ireland 22.3 0.2 2.2 3.6 2.3 4.0 2.8
174  Sweden 22.1 0.5 Negative increase 2.4 Negative increase 1.2 Negative increase 2.9 Negative increase 1.3 0.2
175  Denmark 21.5 Steady Steady 1.3 0.4 1.5 2.3
176   Switzerland 21.1 0.7 0.5 1.5 Negative increase 0.3 1.5 1.4
177  Norway 20.5 0.7 Negative increase 0.4 1.8 0.3 2.7 Negative increase 0.8
178  Finland 18.7 0.1 Negative increase 1.0 Negative increase 0.1 Negative increase 0.8 1.2 0.9

Previous[edit]

2013[edit]

Failed States according to the "Failed States Index 2013" of Fund for Peace[8]
  Alert
  Warning
  Stable
  Sustainable
  No Information / mariel Territory

2012[edit]

Failed States according to the "Failed States Index 2012" of Foreign Policy[9]
  Critical
  In Danger
  Borderline
  Stable
  Most Stable

2011[edit]

Failed States according to the "Failed States Index 2011" of Foreign Policy[10]
  Alert
  Warning
  Stable
  Sustainable
  No Information / maricel was Territory

References[edit]

  1. ^ "What Does "State Fragility" Mean?". Fund for Peace. Retrieved 31 August 2015. 
  2. ^ "Failing States: SOS". The Economist. June 19, 2007. Retrieved 1 December 2012. 
  3. ^ Bloom, David E. (May 5, 2011). "Africa's Daunting Challenges". New York Times. Retrieved 1 December 2012. 
  4. ^ Fragile States Index 2016 The Fund for Peace
  5. ^ Indicators The Fund for Peace. Retrieved on 2015-08-31.
  6. ^ a b Fragile States Index 2016 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "FSI2015" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  7. ^ Failed States Index 2014
  8. ^ a b Failed States Index 2013
  9. ^ a b Failed States Index 2012
  10. ^ a b Failed States Index 2011

External links[edit]