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List of countries by GDP (nominal)

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Largest economies by nominal GDP in 2018[1]

Gross domestic product (GDP) is the market value of all final goods and services from a nation in a given year.[2] Countries are sorted by nominal GDP estimates from financial and statistical institutions, which are calculated at market or government official exchange rates. Nominal GDP does not take into account differences in the cost of living in different countries, and the results can vary greatly from one year to another based on fluctuations in the exchange rates of the country's currency.[3] Such fluctuations may change a country's ranking from one year to the next, even though they often make little or no difference in the standard of living of its population.[4]

Comparisons of national wealth are also frequently made on the basis of purchasing power parity (PPP), to adjust for differences in the cost of living in different countries. PPP largely removes the exchange rate problem, but has its own drawbacks; it does not reflect the value of economic output in international trade, and it also requires more estimation than nominal GDP.[5] On the whole, PPP per capita figures are less spread than nominal GDP per capita figures.[6]

The United States is the world's largest economy with a GDP of approximately $19.39 trillion, notably due to high average incomes, a large population,[7] capital investment, moderate unemployment,[8] high consumer spending,[9] a relatively young population,[10] and technological innovation.[11] Tuvalu is the world's smallest national economy, with a GDP of about $32 million, because of its very small population, a lack of natural resources, reliance on foreign aid, negligible capital investment, demographic problems, and low average incomes.[12]

Although the rankings of national economies have changed considerably over time, the United States has maintained its top position since the Gilded Age, a time period in which its economy saw rapid expansion, surpassing the British Empire and Qing dynasty in aggregate output.[13][14] Since China's transition to a market-based economy through privatisation and deregulation,[15][16] the country has seen its ranking increase from ninth in 1978 to second to only the United States in 2016 as economic growth accelerated and its share of global nominal GDP surged from 2% in 1980 to 15% in 2016.[14][17] India has also experienced a similar economic boom since the implementation of economic liberalisation in the early 1990s.[18] When supranational entities are included, the European Union is the second largest economy in the world. It was the largest from 2004, when ten countries joined the union,[19] to 2014, after which it was surpassed by the United States.[20]

The first list includes estimates compiled by the International Monetary Fund's World Economic Outlook, the second list shows the World Bank's data, and the third list includes data compiled by the United Nations Statistics Division. The IMF definitive data for the past year and estimates for the current year are published twice a year in April and October. Several economies which are not considered to be countries (the world, the European Union, and some dependent territories) are included in the lists because they appear in the sources as distinct economies. These economies are italicized and not ranked in the charts, but are listed where applicable.

Lists

Per the International Monetary Fund (2018)[17] Per the World Bank (2017)[21] Per the United Nations (2017)[22][23]
Rank Country GDP
(US$million)
   World[20] 84,835,462
1  United States 20,513,000
2  China[n 1] 13,457,267
3  Japan 5,070,626
4  Germany 4,029,140
5  United Kingdom 2,808,899
6  France 2,794,696
7  India 2,689,992
8  Italy 2,086,911
9  Brazil 1,909,386
10  Canada 1,733,706
11  South Korea 1,655,608
12  Russia[n 2] 1,576,488
13  Spain 1,437,047
14  Australia 1,427,767
15  Mexico 1,199,264
16  Indonesia 1,005,268
17  Netherlands 909,887
18  Saudi Arabia 769,878
19  Turkey 713,513
20   Switzerland 709,118
21  Taiwan 602,678
22  Sweden 554,659
23  Poland 549,478
24  Belgium 536,055
25  Thailand 490,120
26  Argentina 475,429
27  Austria 459,401
28  Norway 441,439
29  United Arab Emirates 432,612
30  Iran 430,082
31  Nigeria 397,472
32  South Africa 376,679
33  Ireland 366,448
34  Israel 365,599
35  Hong Kong 360,315
36  Denmark 354,683
37  Malaysia 347,290
38  Singapore 346,621
39  Colombia 336,940
40  Philippines 331,678
41  Pakistan 306,987
42  Chile 299,887
43  Bangladesh 286,275
44  Finland 276,553
45  Egypt 249,471
46  Czech Republic 244,540
47  Vietnam 241,434
48  Romania 239,440
49  Portugal 237,962
50  Iraq 230,911
51  Peru 228,944
52  Greece 218,057
53  New Zealand 205,997
54  Algeria 188,342
55  Qatar 188,295
56  Kazakhstan 184,209
57  Hungary 156,393
58  Kuwait 144,523
59  Ukraine 126,390
60  Morocco 118,178
61  Angola 114,504
62  Ecuador 107,266
63  Slovakia 106,940
64  Puerto Rico 104,557
65  Venezuela 96,328
66  Sri Lanka 92,504
67  Kenya 89,591
68  Ethiopia 83,836
69  Oman 81,682
70  Dominican Republic 81,103
71  Guatemala 79,109
 Syria[n 3] 77,460/Na
72  Myanmar 71,543
73  Luxembourg 68,993
74  Panama 66,031
75  Bulgaria 63,651
76  Uruguay 60,933
77  Costa Rica 60,816
78  Croatia 59,971
79  Belarus 56,934
80  Lebanon 56,709
81  Tanzania 55,645
82  Slovenia 54,969
83  Macau 53,961
84  Lithuania 52,468
85  Ghana 51,815
86  Serbia 47,564
87  Côte d'Ivoire 45,875
88  Azerbaijan 45,592
89  Uzbekistan 43,303
90  Libya 43,236
91  Democratic Republic of the Congo 42,692
92  Turkmenistan 42,764
93  Jordan 41,869
94  Paraguay 41,851
95  Bolivia 41,833
96  Tunisia 41,662
97  Bahrain 39,300
98  Cameroon 38,445
99  Latvia 34,286
100  Sudan 33,249
101  Estonia 29,527
102    Nepal 28,813
103  Yemen 28,524
104  Uganda 27,855
105  Iceland 26,684
106  El Salvador 25,833
107  Zambia 25,778
108  Senegal 24,240
109  Cambodia 24,141
110  Cyprus 23,963
111  Honduras 23,835
112  Trinidad and Tobago 23,284
113  Papua New Guinea 20,767
114  Afghanistan 20,367
115  Bosnia and Herzegovina 19,984
116  Zimbabwe 19,367
117  Botswana 19,070
118  Laos 18,230
119  Mali 17,407
120  Gabon 17,212
121  Georgia 16,716
122  Jamaica 15,424
123  Albania 15,121
124  Brunei 14,695
125  Mozambique 14,601
126  Burkina Faso 14,284
127  Malta 14,270
128  Namibia 14,148
129  Mauritius 14,033
130  Nicaragua 13,380
131  Equatorial Guinea 13,225
132  Bahamas 12,928
133  Mongolia 12,724
134  Armenia 12,533
135  Madagascar 12,499
136  Macedonia 12,374
137  Guinea 11,503
138  Republic of Congo 11,460
139  Moldova 11,436
140  Chad 11,112
141  Benin 10,546
142  Haiti 9,717
143  Rwanda 9,709
144  Niger 9,458
145  Kyrgyzstan 8,013
146  Kosovo 7,839
147  Tajikistan 7,350
148  Malawi 6,885
149  Eritrea 6,722
150  Montenegro 5,389
151  Togo 5,347
152  Fiji 5,223
153  Mauritania 5,200
154  Barbados 5,172
155  Maldives 4,809
156  Eswatini 4,756
157  South Sudan 3,980
158  Suriname 3,840
159  Sierra Leone 3,754
160  Guyana 3,636
161  Burundi 3,436
162  Liberia 3,218
163  Timor-Leste 3,155
164  Lesotho 2,981
165  Bhutan 2,624
166  Central African Republic 2,307
167  Djibouti 2,187
168  Cape Verde 1,972
169  Belize 1,912
170  St. Lucia 1,774
171  San Marino 1,769
172  Antigua and Barbuda 1,612
173  The Gambia 1,605
174  Seychelles 1,564
175  Guinea-Bissau 1,480
176  Solomon Islands 1,424
177  Grenada 1,192
178  St. Kitts and Nevis 1,005
179  Vanuatu 957
180  Samoa 878
181  St. Vincent and the Grenadines 828
182  Comoros 745
183  Dominica 485
184  Tonga 468
185  São Tomé and Príncipe 450
186  Federated States of Micronesia 335
187  Palau 300
188  Marshall Islands 230
189  Kiribati 205
190  Tuvalu 45
Rank Country GDP
(US$million)
   World 80,683,787
1  United States 19,390,604
2  China[n 4] 12,237,700
3  Japan 4,872,137
4  Germany 3,677,439
5  United Kingdom 2,622,434
6  India 2,597,491
7  France 2,582,501
8  Brazil 2,055,506
9  Italy 1,934,798
10  Canada 1,653,043
11  South Korea 1,577,524
12  Russia[n 2] 1,530,751
13  Australia 1,323,421
14  Spain 1,311,320
15  Mexico 1,149,919
16  Indonesia 1,015,539
17  Turkey 851,102
18  Netherlands 826,200
19  Saudi Arabia 683,827
20   Switzerland 678,887
21  Argentina 637,590
22  Sweden 538,040
23  Poland 524,510
24  Belgium 492,681
25  Thailand 455,221
26  Iran 439,514
27  Austria 416,596
28  Norway 398,832
29  United Arab Emirates 382,575
30  Nigeria 375,771
31  Israel 350,851
32  South Africa 349,419
-  Hong Kong 341,449
34  Ireland 333,731
35  Denmark 324,872
36  Singapore 323,907
37  Malaysia 314,500
38  Philippines 313,595
39  Colombia 309,191
40  Pakistan 304,952
41  Chile 277,076
42  Finland 251,885
43  Bangladesh 249,724
44  Egypt 235,369
45  Vietnam 223,864
46  Portugal 217,571
47  Czech Republic 215,726
48  Romania 211,803
49  Peru 211,389
50  New Zealand 205,853
51  Greece 200,288
52  Iraq 197,716
53  Algeria 170,371
54  Qatar 167,605
55  Kazakhstan 159,407
56  Hungary 139,135
57  Angola 124,209
58  Kuwait 120,126
59  Sudan 117,488
60  Ukraine 112,154
61  Morocco[n 5] 109,139
62  Ecuador 103,057
63  Slovak Republic 95,769
64  Sri Lanka 87,175
65  Ethiopia 80,561
66  Dominican Republic 75,932
67  Guatemala 75,620
68  Kenya 74,938
69  Oman 72,643
70  Myanmar 69,322
71  Luxembourg 62,404
72  Panama 61,838
73  Costa Rica 57,057
74  Bulgaria 56,832
75  Uruguay 56,157
76  Croatia 54,849
77  Belarus 54,442
78  Tanzania[n 6] 52,090
79  Lebanon 51,844
80  Libya 50,984
81  Macau 50,361
82  Slovenia 48,770
83  Uzbekistan 48,718
84  Ghana 47,330
85  Lithuania 47,168
86  Turkmenistan 42,355
87  Serbia 41,432
88  Azerbaijan 40,748
89  Cote d'Ivoire 40,389
90  Tunisia 40,257
91  Jordan 40,068
92  Bolivia 37,509
93  Democratic Republic of the Congo 37,241
94  Bahrain 35,307
95  Cameroon 34,799
96  Latvia 30,264
97  Paraguay 29,735
98  Estonia 25,921
99  Uganda 25,891
100  Zambia 25,809
101  El Salvador 24,805
102    Nepal 24,472
103  Iceland 23,909
104  Honduras 22,979
105  Cambodia 22,158
106  Trinidad and Tobago 22,105
107  Cyprus[n 7] 21,652
108  Papua New Guinea 21,089
109  Afghanistan 20,815
110  Bosnia and Herzegovina 18,169
111  Zimbabwe 17,846
112  Botswana 17,407
113  Laos 16,853
114  Senegal 16,375
115  Mali 15,288
116  Georgia[n 8] 15,159
117  Jamaica 14,768
118  Gabon 14,623
119  West Bank and Gaza 14,498
120  Nicaragua 13,814
121  Mauritius 13,338
122  Namibia 13,245
123  Albania 13,039
124  Burkina Faso 12,873
125  Malta 12,538
126  Equatorial Guinea 12,487
127  Mozambique 12,334
128  The Bahamas 12,162
129  Brunei 12,128
130  Armenia 11,537
131  Madagascar 11,500
132  Mongolia 11,488
133  Macedonia 11,338
134  Guinea 10,491
135  Chad 9,981
136  Benin 9,274
137  Rwanda 9,137
138  Republic of the Congo 8,723
139  Haiti 8,408
140  Moldova[n 9] 8,128
141  Niger 8,120
142  Kyrgyzstan 7,565
143  Somalia 7,369
144  Tajikistan 7,146
145  Kosovo 7,129
146  Malawi 6,303
147  Fiji 5,061
148  Mauritania 5,025
149  Togo 4,813
150  Barbados 4,797
151  Montenegro 4,774
152  Maldives 4,597
153  Swaziland 4,409
154  Sierra Leone 3,774
155  Guyana 3,676
156  Burundi 3,478
157  Suriname 3,324
158  Andorra 3,013
159  Timor-Leste 2,955
160  Lesotho 2,639
161  Bhutan 2,512
162  Liberia 2,158
163  Central African Republic 1,949
164  Djibouti 1,845
165  Belize 1,838
166  Cabo Verde 1,754
167  Saint Lucia 1,712
168  San Marino 1,659
169  Antigua and Barbuda 1,532
170  Seychelles 1,486
171  Guinea-Bissau 1,347
172  Solomon Islands 1,303
173  Grenada 1,119
174  The Gambia 1,015
175  Saint Kitts and Nevis 946
176  Vanuatu 863
177  Samoa 857
178  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 790
179  Comoros 649
180  Dominica 563
181  Tonga 426
182  Sao Tome and Principe 391
183  Federated States of Micronesia 336
184  Palau 292
185  Marshall Islands 199
186  Kiribati 196
187  Nauru 114
188  Tuvalu 40
Rank Country GDP
(US$million)
   World[24] 80,501,413
1  United States 19,485,394
2  China[n 4] 12,234,781
3  Japan 4,872,415
4  Germany 3,693,204
5  United Kingdom 2,631,228
6  France 2,582,492
7  India 2,575,666
8  Brazil 2,055,512
9  Italy 1,943,835
10  Canada 1,647,120
11  South Korea 1,577,524
12  Russia[n 2] 1,530,750
13  Australia 1,408,675
14  Spain 1,314,314
15  Mexico 1,158,229
16  Indonesia 1,015,539
17  Turkey 851,541
18  Netherlands 830,572
19  Saudi Arabia 683,827
20   Switzerland 678,938
21  Argentina 637,486
22  Sweden 535,607
23  Poland 526,211
24  Belgium 494,763
25  Iran 460,976
26  Thailand 455,302
27  Austria 416,835
28  Norway 399,470
29  United Arab Emirates 382,575
30  Nigeria 375,769
31  Israel 353,268
32  South Africa 348,872
33  Hong Kong 341,659
34  Ireland 331,430
35  Denmark 329,865
36  Singapore 323,901
37  Malaysia 314,707
38  Philippines 313,595
39  Colombia 309,191
40  Pakistan 302,139
41  Chile 277,080
42  Venezuela 255,092
43  Finland 252,246
44  Bangladesh 245,633
45  Vietnam 223,779
46  Czech Republic 215,824
47  Romania 211,803
48  Peru 211,402
49  Greece 203,085
50  New Zealand 202,044
51  Egypt 195,135
52  Portugal 195,041
53  Iraq 182,023
54  Qatar 167,605
55  Algeria 167,555
56  Kazakhstan 159,406
57  Hungary 139,761
58  Angola 126,505
59  Sudan 120,265
60  Kuwait 119,534
61  Ukraine 112,154
62  Morocco 109,708
63  Ecuador 104,295
64  Puerto Rico 104,218
65  Cuba 96,851
66  Slovakia 95,617
67  Sri Lanka 87,356
68  Dominican Republic 75,931
69  Guatemala 75,619
70  Ethiopia 75,605
71  Kenya 74,938
72  Oman 70,783
73  Myanmar 67,101
74  Luxembourg 62,316
75  Panama 61,838
76  Uruguay 59,180
77  Ghana 58,996
78  Bulgaria 58,222
79  Costa Rica 57,564
80  Croatia 55,201
81  Belarus 54,441
82  Lebanon 53,393
83  Tanzania 52,090
84  Macau 50,361
85  Uzbekistan 49,677
86  Slovenia 48,455
87  Lithuania 47,544
88  Serbia 41,589
89  Azerbaijan 40,748
90  Jordan 40,708
91  Tunisia 40,068
92  Côte d'Ivoire 38,054
93  Turkmenistan 37,915
94  Democratic Republic of the Congo 37,642
95  Bolivia 37,508
96  Bahrain 35,325
97  Cameroon 34,924
98  Latvia 30,463
99  Paraguay 29,435
100  Yemen 27,956
101  Uganda 27,698
102  Estonia 25,921
103  Zambia 25,868
104  Libya 25,127
105    Nepal 24,870
106  El Salvador 24,805
107  Iceland 24,476
108  Honduras 22,978
109  Cambodia 22,121
110  Trinidad and Tobago 22,104
111  Cyprus 22,054
112  Papua New Guinea 22,005
113  Afghanistan 21,992
114  Senegal 21,126
115  Bosnia and Herzegovina 18,169
116  Zimbabwe 18,036
117  Botswana 17,406
118  North Korea 17,364
119  Laos 16,853
120  Mali 15,235
121  Georgia 15,159
122  State of Palestine 14,498
123  Gabon 14,623
124  Mozambique 12,651
125  Equatorial Guinea 12,487
126  Brunei 12,128
127  Congo, Republic of the 11,292
128  Jamaica 14,826
129  Nicaragua 13,814
130  Mauritius 13,366
131  Namibia 13,244
132  Albania 13,039
133  Malta 12,553
134  Burkina Faso 12,324
135  The Bahamas 11,791
136  Armenia 11,536
137  Macedonia 11,279
138  Mongolia 11,135
139  Chad 10,716
140  Madagascar 10,674
141  Guinea 10,208
142  New Caledonia 9,894
143  Benin 9,236
144  Rwanda 9,136
145  Haiti 8,521
146  Moldova 8,128
147  Niger 8,119
148  Kyrgyzstan 7,564
149  Kosovo 7,227
150  Tajikistan 7,145
151  Monaco 6,400
152  Malawi 6,339
153  Liechtenstein 6,295
154  South Sudan 5,693
155  French Polynesia 5,623
156  Bermuda 5,601
157  Suriname 5,210
158  Mauritania 5,092
159  Timor-Leste 4,970
160  Sierra Leone 4,893
161  Montenegro 4,588
162  Togo 4,576
163  Fiji 4,532
164  Swaziland 4,482
165  Barbados 4,353
166  Eritrea 3,858
167  Cayman Islands 3,480
168  Andorra 3,278
169  Curaçao 3,159
170  Guyana 3,086
171  Maldives 3,032
172  Burundi 2,869
173  Aruba 2,664
174  Bhutan 2,562
175  Greenland 2,441
176  Liberia 2,122
177  Lesotho 2,081
178  Central African Republic 1,992
179  Belize 1,902
180  Cape Verde 1,855
181  Djibouti 1,844
182  Saint Lucia 1,718
183  San Marino 1,689
184  Somalia 1,535
185  Seychelles 1,486
186  Zanzibar 1,391
187  Antigua and Barbuda 1,248
188  Guinea-Bissau 1,209
189  Solomon Islands 1,103
190  Sint Maarten 1,059
191  British Virgin Islands 902
192  Grenada 884
193  Saint Kitts and Nevis 852
194  The Gambia 851
195  Samoa 824
196  Vanuatu 812
197  Turks and Caicos Islands 797
198  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 729
199  Comoros 648
200  Dominica 533
201  Tonga 435
202  São Tomé and Príncipe 337
203  Federated States of Micronesia 308
204  Cook Islands 311
205  Anguilla 311
206  Palau 234
207  Marshall Islands 209
208  Nauru 182
209  Kiribati 180
210  Montserrat 63
211  Tuvalu 38

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Figures exclude Taiwan, and special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau.
  2. ^ a b c Figures exclude Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol.
  3. ^ Data for Syria's 2014 GDP is from the September 2011 WEO Database, the latest available from the IMF.
  4. ^ a b Figures exclude special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau.
  5. ^ Includes Western Sahara.
  6. ^ Covers mainland Tanzania only.
  7. ^ Data are for the area controlled by the Government of the Republic of Cyprus.
  8. ^ Excludes Abkhazia and South Ossetia.
  9. ^ Excludes data for Transnistria.

References

  1. ^ https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2018/02/weodata/weorept.aspx?pr.x=104&pr.y=16&sy=2018&ey=2018&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=924%2C132%2C134%2C534%2C158%2C112%2C111&s=NGDPD&grp=0&a=
  2. ^ "What is GDP and why is it so important?". Investopedia. IAC/InterActiveCorp. 26 February 2009. Retrieved 23 May 2016.
  3. ^ Moffatt, Mike. "A Beginner's Guide to Purchasing Power Parity Theory". About.com. IAC/InterActiveCorp. Retrieved 31 May 2014.
  4. ^ Ito, Takatoshi; Isard, Peter; Symansky, Steven (January 1999). "Economic Growth and Real Exchange Rate: An Overview of the Balassa-Samuelson Hypothesis in Asia" (PDF). Changes in Exchange Rates in Rapidly Development Countries: Theory, Practice, and Policy Issues. National Bureau of Economic Research. Retrieved 23 May 2016.
  5. ^ Callen, Tim (28 March 2012). "Purchasing Power Parity: Weights Matter". Finance & Development. International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 30 May 2014.
  6. ^ Callen, Tim (28 March 2012). "Gross Domestic Product: An Economy's All". Finance & Development. International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 31 May 2014.
  7. ^ Vo, Lam Thuy (30 May 2012). "The World's Richest Countries and Biggest Economies, In 2 Graphics". Planet Money. National Public Radio. Retrieved 4 June 2014.
  8. ^ Burgen, Emily et. al. (5 April 2012). "An Elusive Relation Between Unemployment and GDP Growth: Okun's Law". Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland. Retrieved 3 June 2016.
  9. ^ Vitez, Osmond. "The Importance of Consumer Spending". Houston Chronicle. Hearst Corporation. Retrieved 4 June 2014.
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