List of countries by GDP (nominal) per capita

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Countries by 2018 GDP (nominal) per capita[note 1]
  >$60,000
  $50,000–$60,000
  $40,000–$50,000
  $30,000–$40,000
  $20,000–$30,000
  $10,000–$20,000
  $5,000–$10,000
  $2,500–$5,000
  $1,000–$2,500
  <$1,000

This page lists the countries of the world sorted by their gross domestic product per capita at nominal values. This is the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year, converted at market exchange rates to current U.S. dollars, divided by the average population for the same year.

The figures presented here do not take into account differences in the cost of living in different countries, and the results vary greatly from one year to another based on fluctuations in the exchange rates of the country's currency. Such fluctuations change a country's ranking from one year to the next, even though they often make little or no difference to the standard of living of its population.

Therefore, these figures should be used with caution. GDP per capita is often considered an indicator of a country's standard of living;[1][2] however, this is problematic because GDP per capita is not a measure of personal income.

Comparisons of national income are also frequently made on the basis of purchasing power parity (PPP), to adjust for differences in the cost of living in different countries. (See List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita.) PPP largely removes the exchange rate problem but not others; it does not reflect the value of economic output in international trade, and it also requires more estimation than GDP per capita. On the whole, PPP per capita figures are more narrowly spread than nominal GDP per capita figures.

Non-sovereign entities (the world, continents, and some dependent territories) and states with limited international recognition (such as Kosovo, Palestine and Taiwan) are included in the list in cases in which they appear in the sources. These economies are not ranked in the charts here, but are listed in sequence by GDP for comparison. In addition, non-sovereign entities are marked in italics.

Note that many of leading GDP-per-capita (nominal) jurisdictions, such as Ireland, are tax havens. Their GDP data are subject to material distortion by the tax planning activities of foreign multinationals. To address this, in 2017 the Central Bank of Ireland created "modified GNI" (or GNI*) as a more appropriate statistic, and the OECD and IMF have adopted it for Ireland.

All data are in current United States dollars. Historical data can be found here.

List of per capita nominal GDP for countries and dependencies[edit]

International Monetary Fund (2020 estimates)[3] World Bank (2019)[4] United Nations (2018)[5]
Rank Country/Territory US$
1  Luxembourg 109,602
2   Switzerland 81,867
3  Ireland 79,669
4  Norway 67,989
5  United States 63,051
6  Singapore 58,484
7  Denmark 58,439
8  Iceland 57,189
9  Qatar 52,751
10  Australia 51,885
11  Netherlands 51,290
12  Sweden 50,339
13  Austria 48,634
14  Finland 48,461
15  Germany 45,466
 Hong Kong 45,176
16  Belgium 43,814
17  Canada 42,080
18  San Marino 41,683
19  Israel 41,560
20  France 39,257
21  United Kingdom 39,229
22  Japan 39,048
 Macau 38,769
23  New Zealand 38,675
24  United Arab Emirates 31,948
25  Italy 30,657
26  South Korea 30,644
 Puerto Rico 30,113
27  Bahamas, The 30,027
28  Malta 28,469
 Taiwan 26,910
29  Spain 26,832
30  Cyprus 26,240
31  Slovenia 25,039
32  Brunei 23,117
33  Estonia 22,986
34  Bahrain 22,878
35  Czech Republic 22,627
36  Kuwait 22,252
37  Portugal 21,608
 Aruba 20,310
38  Lithuania 19,883
39  Saudi Arabia 19,587
40  Slovakia 18,669
41  Greece 18,168
42  Latvia 17,230
43  Trinidad and Tobago 16,197
44  Barbados 16,082
45  Hungary 15,373
46  Uruguay 15,332
47  Poland 15,304
48  Saint Kitts and Nevis 15,246
49  Oman 14,423
50  Palau 14,233
51  Antigua and Barbuda 14,159
52  Panama 14,090
53  Croatia 14,033
54  Romania 12,813
55  Chile 12,612
56  Maldives 12,464
57  Seychelles 12,323
58  Costa Rica 11,629
59  China 10,839
60  Malaysia 10,192
61  Russia 9,972
62  Bulgaria 9,826
63  Grenada 9,824
64  Saint Lucia 9,780
65  Mauritius 8,951
66  Nauru 8,867
67  Kazakhstan 8,782
68  Guyana 8,649
69  Argentina 8,433
70  Turkmenistan 8,074
71  Mexico 8,069
72  Montenegro 7,933
73  Turkey 7,715
74  Dominica 7,709
75  Serbia 7,497
76  Dominican Republic 7,445
77  Thailand 7,295
78  Iran 7,257
79  Gabon 7,185
80  Equatorial Guinea 7,131
81  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 7,033
82  Botswana 6,558
83  Brazil 6,450
84  Belarus 6,134
85  North Macedonia 6,019
86  Peru 5,845
87  Bosnia and Herzegovina 5,762
88  Ecuador 5,316
89  Jamaica 5,221
90  Colombia 5,207
91  Tonga 5,023
92  Paraguay 4,909
93  Albania 4,898
94  South Africa 4,736
95  Iraq 4,438
96  Georgia 4,405
97  Fiji 4,371
98  Armenia 4,315
99  Moldova 4,268
100  Guatemala 4,240
101  Suriname 4,199
102  Jordan 4,174
 Kosovo 4,141
103  Azerbaijan 4,125
104  Tuvalu 4,091
105  Samoa 4,084
106  Marshall Islands 4,071
107  Namibia 4,052
108  Indonesia 4,038
109  Mongolia 3,990
110  Micronesia 3,855
111  El Salvador 3,821
112  Belize 3,734
113  Sri Lanka 3,698
114  Egypt 3,561
115  Vietnam 3,498
116  Bhutan 3,431
117  Ukraine 3,425
118  Eswatini 3,415
119  Philippines 3,373
120  Cape Verde 3,358
121  Algeria 3,331
122  Bolivia 3,322
123  Tunisia 3,295
124  Libya 3,282
125  Morocco 3,121
126  Djibouti 3,074
127  Vanuatu 2,879
128  Lebanon 2,745
129  Papua New Guinea 2,652
130  Laos 2,567
131  Honduras 2,412
132  Solomon Islands 2,367
133  Côte d'Ivoire 2,281
134  Ghana 2,188
135  Nigeria 2,149
136  Congo, Republic of the 2,128
137  Syria 2,114
138  Kenya 2,075
139  Angola 2,021
140  São Tomé and Príncipe 1,912
141  Bangladesh 1,888
142  India 1,877
143  Nicaragua 1,832
144  Mauritania 1,791
145  Uzbekistan 1,763
146  Venezuela 1,739
147  Kiribati 1,638
148  Cambodia 1,572
149  Cameroon 1,493
150  East Timor 1,456
151  Senegal 1,455
152  Comoros 1,337
153  Myanmar 1,333
154  Pakistan 1,285
155  Kyrgyzstan 1,148
156    Nepal 1,116
157  Tanzania 1,106
158  Guinea 1,019
159  Zambia 1,001
160  Ethiopia 974
161  Lesotho 924
162  Zimbabwe 922
163  Uganda 915
164  Mali 899
165  Tajikistan 834
166  Rwanda 823
167  Burkina Faso 769
168  Guinea-Bissau 767
169  Gambia, The 746
170  Sudan 735
171  Haiti 732
172  Togo 690
173  Liberia 654
174  Yemen 645
175  Chad 640
176  Eritrea 585
177  Niger 536
178  Sierra Leone 518
179  Madagascar 515
180  Afghanistan 499
181  Central African Republic 480
182  Congo, Democratic Republic of the 457
183  Mozambique 455
184  Malawi 399
185  South Sudan 303
186  Burundi 264
Rank Country/Territory US$
1  Monaco (2018) 185,741
2  Liechtenstein (2017) 173,356
3  Luxembourg 114,705
 Macau 84,096
4   Switzerland 81,994
5  Ireland 78,661
6  Norway 75,420
7  Iceland 66,945
8  United States 65,281
9  Singapore 65,233
10  Qatar 64,782
11  Denmark 59,822
12  Australia 54,907
13  Netherlands 52,448
14  Sweden 51,610
15  Austria 50,277
 Hong Kong 48,756
16  Finland 48,686
17  San Marino (2018) 48,481
18  Germany 46,259
19  Canada 46,195
20  Belgium 46,117
21  Israel 43,641
22  United Arab Emirates 43,103
23  United Kingdom 42,300
24  New Zealand 42,084
25  Andorra 40,886
26  France 40,494
27  Japan 40,247
 European Union 34,843
28  Italy 33,190
29  Bahamas, The 32,934
 Puerto Rico 32,874
30  Kuwait 32,032
31  Korea, South 31,762
32  Brunei 31,087
33  Spain 29,614
34  Malta 29,416
35  Cyprus 27,858
36  Slovenia 25,739
37  Estonia 23,660
38  Bahrain 23,504
39  Portugal 23,145
40  Saudi Arabia 23,140
41  Czech Republic 23,102
42  Saint Kitts and Nevis 19,897
43  Greece 19,583
44  Lithuania 19,456
45  Slovakia 19,329
46  Barbados 18,148
47  Latvia 17,836
48  Antigua and Barbuda 17,790
49  Seychelles 17,402
50  Trinidad and Tobago 17,277
51  Hungary 16,476
52  Uruguay 16,190
53  Venezuela (2014) 16,055
54  Palau 15,859
55  Panama 15,731
56  Poland 15,595
57  Oman 15,474
58  Chile 14,897
59  Croatia 14,853
60  Romania 12,920
61  Costa Rica 12,238
62  Saint Lucia 11,611
63  Russia 11,585
World 11,429
64  Malaysia 11,415
65  Mauritius 11,204
66  Grenada 10,966
67  Maldives 10,791
68  China 10,262
69  Argentina 10,006
70  Mexico 9,863
71  Bulgaria 9,738
72  Kazakhstan 9,731
73  Nauru 9,397
74  Turkey 9,043
75  Montenegro 8,832
76  Cuba (2018) 8,822
77  Brazil 8,717
78  Dominica 8,300
79  Dominican Republic 8,282
80  Equatorial Guinea 8,132
81  Botswana 7,961
82  Thailand 7,808
83  Lebanon 7,784
84  Libya 7,684
85  Gabon 7,667
86  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 7,464
87  Serbia 7,402
88  Peru 6,978
89  Turkmenistan 6,967
90  Suriname 6,855
91  Belarus 6,663
92  Colombia 6,432
93  Fiji 6,220
94  Ecuador 6,184
95  North Macedonia 6,093
96  Bosnia and Herzegovina 6,073
97  South Africa 6,001
98  Iraq 5,955
99  Jamaica 5,582
100  Iran (2017) 5,520
101  Guyana 5,468
102  Paraguay 5,415
103  Albania 5,353
104  Namibia 4,958
105  Belize 4,815
106  Azerbaijan 4,794
107  Georgia 4,769
108  Armenia 4,623
109  Guatemala 4,620
110  Moldova 4,499
 Kosovo 4,418
111  Tonga (2018) 4,364
112  Jordan 4,330
113  Samoa 4,316
114  Mongolia 4,295
115  El Salvador 4,187
116  Indonesia 4,136
117  Tuvalu 4,059
118  Algeria 3,948
119  Sri Lanka 3,853
120  Eswatini 3,837
121  Marshall Islands (2008) 3,788
122  Ukraine 3,659
123  Cape Verde 3,604
124  Micronesia (2018) 3,568
125  Bolivia 3,552
126  Philippines 3,485
127  Djibouti 3,409
128  Tunisia 3,318
129  Bhutan (2008) 3,243
130  Morocco 3,204
 West Bank and Gaza (2008) 3,199
131  Vanuatu 3,058
132  Egypt 3,020
133  Angola 2,974
134  Papua New Guinea 2,845
135  Vietnam 2,715
136  Honduras 2,575
137  Laos 2,535
138  Côte d'Ivoire 2,286
139  Nigeria 2,230
140  Ghana 2,202
141  Solomon Islands 2,128
142  India 2,104
143  Syrian Arab Republic (2007) 2,033
144  Congo, Republic of the 2,011
145  São Tomé and Príncipe 1,995
146  Nicaragua 1,913
147  Bangladesh 1,909
148  Kenya 1,817
149  Uzbekistan 1,725
150  Mauritania 1,678
151  Kiribati 1,655
152  Cambodia 1,643
153  Cameroon 1,498
154  Zimbabwe 1,464
155  Senegal 1,447
156  Myanmar 1,408
157  Comoros 1,394
158  Kyrgyzstan 1,309
159  East Timor 1,294
160  Zambia 1,291
161  Pakistan 1,285
162  Benin 1,219
163  Lesotho 1,158
164  Tanzania 1,122
165    Nepal 1,071
166  Guinea 1,064
167  Yemen 968
168  Mali 891
169  Tajikistan 871
170  Ethiopia 858
171  Rwanda 802
172  Uganda 777
173  Burkina Faso 775
174  Haiti 755
175  Gambia, The 751
176  Chad 710
177  Guinea-Bissau 698
178  Togo 676
179  Liberia 622
180  Niger 555
181  Congo, Democratic Republic of the 545
182  Madagascar 522
183  Sierra Leone 505
184  Afghanistan 502
185  Mozambique 492
186  Central African Republic 468
187  Sudan 442
188  Malawi 412
189  Burundi 261
Rank Country/Territory US$
1  Monaco 185,835
2  Liechtenstein 179,258
3  Luxembourg 117,370
 Bermuda 101,208
 Macau 86,355
 Cayman Islands 85,474
4   Switzerland 82,709
5  Norway 81,336
6  Ireland 79,415
7  Iceland 76,867
8  Qatar 68,794
9  United States 62,918
10  Singapore 62,721
11  Denmark 61,834
12  Australia 58,393
13  Sweden 55,767
 Greenland 53,950
14  Netherlands 53,583
15  Austria 51,230
16  Finland 50,136
 Hong Kong 49,199
 Virgin Islands, British 48,511
17  San Marino 48,473
18  Germany 47,514
19  Belgium 47,293
20  Canada 46,192
21  Israel 44,215
22  New Zealand 43,836
23  United Arab Emirates 43,005
24  United Kingdom 42,526
25  Andorra 42,052
26  France 41,358
27  Japan 39,082
 New Caledonia 36,335
28  Italy 34,389
29  Kuwait 34,249
30  Korea, South 33,622
 Puerto Rico 33,271
31  Malta 33,123
32  Bahamas, The 32,218
33  Brunei 31,627
34  Spain 30,406
 Aruba 30,262
 Europe 29,279
35  Cyprus 28,968
Americas 27,722
 Turks and Caicos Islands 27,142
36  Slovenia 26,005
37  Bahrain 24,134
38  Portugal 23,478
39  Estonia 23,242
40  Saudi Arabia 23,217
41  Czech Republic 22,992
 French Polynesia 21,968
42  Greece 20,731
 Cook Islands 20,705
 Anguilla 19,891
43  Slovakia 19,431
44  Saint Kitts and Nevis 19,275
 Curaçao 19,219
45  Lithuania 19,083
46  Oman 19,073
47  Latvia 17,852
48  Barbados 17,746
49  Uruguay 17,278
50  Trinidad and Tobago 17,130
51  Antigua and Barbuda 16,727
52  Seychelles 16,378
53  Hungary 16,264
54  Chile 15,923
55  Palau 15,859
56  Panama 15,575
57  Poland 15,444
58  Croatia 14,674
 Montserrat 12,754
59  Romania 12,281
60  Costa Rica 12,027
61  Nauru 11,876
62  Argentina 11,688
63  Russia 11,394
64  Malaysia 11,373
World 11,232
65  Mauritius 11,222
66  Saint Lucia 10,566
67  Grenada 10,486
68  Maldives 10,331
69  Equatorial Guinea 10,179
70  Kazakhstan 9,790
71  Mexico 9,695
72  China 9,532
73  Bulgaria 9,388
74  Turkey 9,368
75  Brazil 8,921
76  Cuba 8,822
77  Montenegro 8,772
 South America 8,746
Central America 8,503
78  Botswana 8,258
79  Lebanon 8,224
80  Gabon 8,019
81  Dominica 7,691
82  Dominican Republic 7,650
83  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 7,361
84  Thailand 7,274
85  Venezuela 7,212
86  Serbia 7,209
87  Turkmenistan 6,965
88  Peru 6,947
89  Colombia 6,650
90  South Africa 6,369
91  Ecuador 6,345
92  Belarus 6,312
93  Fiji 6,267
94  North Macedonia 6,063
95  Suriname 6,004
96  Bosnia and Herzegovina 5,951
97  Namibia 5,930
98  Iran 5,795
99  Iraq 5,783
100  Jamaica 5,523
101  Albania 5,354
102  Guyana 5,224
103  Libya 5,147
104  Belize 4,901
105  Tonga 4,886
106  Guatemala 4,885
107  Azerbaijan 4,718
108  Samoa 4,549
Association of Southeast Asian Nations Southeast Asia 4,539
 Kosovo 4,453
109  Georgia 4,397
110  Paraguay 4,250
111  Jordan 4,238
112  Armenia 4,212
113  Sri Lanka 4,190
114  Eswatini 4,146
115  Algeria 4,115
116  Mongolia 4,104
117  El Salvador 4,058
118  Tuvalu 4,001
119  Indonesia 3,893
120  Marshall Islands 3,667
121  Cape Verde 3,635
122  Bolivia 3,549
123  Bhutan 3,524
124  Tunisia 3,450
125  Angola 3,437
 Palestine 3,347
126  Micronesia 3,296
127  Morocco 3,273
128  Philippines 3,103
129  Djibouti 3,049
130  Vanuatu 3,037
131  Ukraine 2,957
132  Moldova 2,791
133  Congo, Republic of the 2,703
134  Papua New Guinea 2,681
135  Vietnam 2,563
136  Laos 2,542
137  Egypt 2,538
138  Honduras 2,500
139  Ghana 2,202
140  Nigeria 2,154
141  India 2,055
142  East Timor 2,036
143  Nicaragua 2,029
144  Eritrea 1,985
145  São Tomé and Príncipe 1,948
146  Solomon Islands 1,947
Africa 1,856
147  Bangladesh 1,751
148  Mauritania 1,730
149  Côte d'Ivoire 1,716
150  Kenya 1,710
151  Zimbabwe 1,684
152  Kiribati 1,627
153  Zambia 1,572
154  Uzbekistan 1,555
155  Cameroon 1,534
156  Cambodia 1,512
157  Senegal 1,502
158  Comoros 1,401
159  Myanmar 1,354
160  Pakistan 1,330
161  Kyrgyzstan 1,284
162  Lesotho 1,248
163  Sudan 1,208
164  Tanzania 1,044
165    Nepal 991
166  Syria 981
167  Guinea 938
168  Yemen 936
169  Benin 907
170  Mali 900
171  Haiti 835
172  Tajikistan 827
173  Burkina Faso 820
174  Guinea-Bissau 778
175  Rwanda 773
176  South Sudan 748
177  Chad 736
178  Ethiopia 735
179  Gambia, The 716
180  Uganda 704
181  Korea, North 688
182  Togo 655
183  Niger 571
184  Congo, Democratic Republic of the 561
185  Afghanistan 552
186  Sierra Leone 536
187  Madagascar 527
188  Mozambique 499
189  Central African Republic 481
190  Liberia 440
191  Malawi 397
192  Burundi 294
193  Somalia 100

Distorted GDP-per-capita for tax havens[edit]

Many of leading GDP-per-capita (nominal) jurisdictions are tax havens whose economic data is artificially inflated by tax-driven corporate accounting entries.

For instance, the Irish GDP data above is subject to material distortion by the tax planning activities of foreign multinationals in Ireland. To address this, in 2017 the Central Bank of Ireland created "modified GNI" (or GNI*) as a more appropriate statistic, and the OECD and IMF have adopted it for Ireland. 2015 Irish GDP is 143% of 2015 Irish GNI*.

A stunning $12 trillion—almost 40 percent of all foreign direct investment positions globally—is completely artificial: it consists of financial investment passing through empty corporate shells with no real activity. These investments in empty corporate shells almost always pass through well-known tax havens. The eight major pass-through economies—the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Hong Kong SAR, the British Virgin Islands, Bermuda, the Cayman Islands, Ireland, and Singapore—host more than 85 percent of the world’s investment in special purpose entities, which are often set up for tax reasons.

— "Piercing the Veil", International Monetary Fund, June 2018[6]

Further discussion on this topic can be found in the List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita article.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ O'Sullivan, Arthur
  2. ^ French President seeks alternatives to GDP, The Guardian 14-09-2009.
    "European Parliament, Policy Department Economic and Scientific Policy: Beyond GDP Study" (PDF). (1.47 MB)
  3. ^ "World Economic Outlook Database, October 2020". World Economic Outlook. International Monetary Fund. October 2020. Retrieved 13 October 2020.
  4. ^ Data refer mostly to the year 2018.[1] Selecting all countries, GDP per capita (current US$), World Bank. Accessed on 1st of July 2020.
  5. ^ [2], (Select all countries, "GDP, Per Capita GDP - US Dollars", and 2018 to generate table), United Nations Statistics Division. Accessed on 1 December 2019.
  6. ^ "Piercing the Veil, FINANCE & DEVELOPMENT, JUNE 2018, VOL. 55, NO. 2". IMF Finance & Development. June 2018.
  1. ^ Based on the IMF data. If no data was available for a country from IMF, data from the World Bank is used

External links[edit]