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List of countries by GDP (nominal) per capita

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Countries by 2015 GDP (nominal) per capita[1]
  > $64,000
  $32,000–64,000
  $16,000–32,000
  $8,000–16,000
  $4,000–8,000
  $2,000–4,000
  $1,000–2,000
  $500–1,000
  < $500
  unavailable

The world sorted by their gross domestic product per capita at nominal values. This is the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year, converted at market exchange rates to current U.S. dollars, divided by the average population for the same year.

The figures presented here do not take into account differences in the cost of living in different countries, and the results vary greatly from one year to another based on fluctuations in the exchange rates of the country's currency. Such fluctuations change a country's ranking from one year to the next, even though they often make little or no difference to the standard of living of its population.

Therefore, these figures should be used with caution. GDP per capita is often considered an indicator of a country's standard of living;[2][3] although this is problematic because GDP per capita is not a measure of personal income.

Comparisons of national income are also frequently made on the basis of purchasing power parity (PPP), to adjust for differences in the cost of living in different countries. (See List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita.) PPP largely removes the exchange rate problem but not others; it does not reflect the value of economic output in international trade, and it also requires more estimation than GDP per capita. On the whole, PPP per capita figures are more narrowly spread than nominal GDP per capita figures.

Non-sovereign entities (the world, continents, and some dependent territories) and states with limited international recognition (such as Kosovo, the State of Palestine and Taiwan) are included in the list in cases in which they appear in the sources. These economies are not ranked in the charts here, but are listed in sequence by GDP for comparison. They are marked in italics.

Note that the Irish GDP data below is subject to material distortion by the tax planning activities of foreign multinationals in Ireland. 2015 Irish GDP is over 150% of 2015 Irish GNI. To address this, in 2017 the Central Bank of Ireland created "modified GNI" (or GNI*) as a more appropriate statistic, and the OECD and IMF have adopted it for Ireland. 2015 Irish GDP is 143% of 2015 Irish GNI*.

All data are in current United States dollars. Historical data can be found here.

List of per capita nominal GDP for countries and dependencies

International Monetary Fund (2017)[4] World Bank (2017)[5] United Nations (2016)[6]
Rank Country US$
1  Luxembourg 105,803
2   Switzerland 80,591
 Macau 77,451
3  Norway 74,941
4  Ireland 70,638
5  Iceland 70,332
6  Qatar 60,804
7  United States 59,501
8  Singapore 57,713
9  Denmark 56,444
10  Australia 55,707
11  Sweden 53,218
12  Netherlands 48,346
13  San Marino 47,406
14  Austria 47,290
 Hong Kong 46,109
15  Finland 46,017
16  Canada 45,077
17  Germany 44,550
18  Belgium 43,582
19  New Zealand 41,593
20  Israel 40,258
21  France 39,869
22  United Kingdom 39,735
23  Japan 38,440
24  United Arab Emirates 37,226
25  Italy 31,984
26  Bahamas 31,255
 Puerto Rico 30,488
27  South Korea 29,891
28  Brunei 29,712
29  Spain 28,359
30  Kuwait 27,319
31  Malta 27,250
32  Cyprus 24,976
 Taiwan 24,577
33  Bahrain 24,029
34  Slovenia 23,654
35  Portugal 21,161
36  Saudi Arabia 21,120
37  Czech Republic 20,152
38  Estonia 19,840
39  Greece 18,637
40  Oman 17,973
41  Barbados 17,859
42  Slovakia 17,664
43  Palau 17,096
44  Lithuania 16,730
45  Uruguay 16,722
46  Antigua and Barbuda 16,702
47  Saint Kitts and Nevis 16,296
48  Trinidad and Tobago 15,769
49  Seychelles 15,686
50  Latvia 15,547
51  Hungary 15,531
52  Panama 15,089
53  Chile 15,070
54  Argentina 14,467
55  Poland 13,823
56  Croatia 13,138
57  Equatorial Guinea 12,727
58  Maldives 12,527
59  Costa Rica 11,685
60  Lebanon 11,409
61  Romania 10,757
World 10,728
62  Russia 10,608
63  Turkey 10,512
64  Grenada 10,360
65  Brazil 9,895
66  Malaysia 9,813
67  Mauritius 9,794
68  Saint Lucia 9,607
69  Mexico 9,304
70  Kazakhstan 8,841
71  China 8,643
72  Nauru 8,575
73  Bulgaria 8,064
74  Gabon 7,972
75  Dominica 7,921
76  Botswana 7,877
77  Montenegro 7,647
78  Dominican Republic 7,375
79  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 7,271
80  Peru 6,762
81  Venezuela 6,684
82  Turkmenistan 6,643
83  Thailand 6,591
84  Colombia 6,273
85  South Africa 6,180
86  Ecuador 6,098
87  Serbia 5,899
88  Belarus 5,760
89  Suriname 5,746
90  Fiji 5,740
91  Jordan 5,678
92  Macedonia 5,474
93  Namibia 5,413
94  Iran 5,305
95  Bosnia and Herzegovina 5,149
96  Iraq 5,088
97  Jamaica 5,048
98  Libya 4,859
99  Belize 4,806
100  Guyana 4,710
101  Albania 4,583
102  Guatemala 4,472
103  Angola 4,408
104  El Salvador 4,400
105  Algeria 4,292
106  Paraguay 4,260
107  Samoa 4,253
108  Tonga 4,177
109  Azerbaijan 4,141
110  Georgia 4,099
111  Sri Lanka 4,085
112  Swaziland 3,915
113  Kosovo 3,880
114  Indonesia 3,876
115  Armenia 3,861
116  Mongolia 3,640
117  Tuvalu 3,638
118  Marshall Islands 3,625
119  Tunisia 3,496
120  Bolivia 3,353
121  Cape Verde 3,238
122  Micronesia 3,200
123  Morocco 3,151
124  Vanuatu 3,094
125  Philippines 2,976
126  Bhutan 2,903
127  Papua New Guinea 2,861
128  Honduras 2,766
129  Ukraine 2,583
130  Laos 2,542
131  Egypt 2,501
132  Vietnam 2,354
133  Moldova 2,280
134  Nicaragua 2,207
135  East Timor 2,104
136  Solomon Islands 2,081
137  Nigeria 1,994
138  Djibouti 1,989
139  India 1,983
140  Republic of the Congo 1,958
141  São Tomé and Príncipe 1,785
142  Kiribati 1,721
143  Kenya 1,702
144  Ghana 1,663
145  Côte d'Ivoire 1,617
146  Bangladesh 1,602
147  Pakistan 1,541
148  Uzbekistan 1,491
149  Zambia 1,480
150  Sudan 1,428
151  Lesotho 1,425
152  Cameroon 1,401
153  Cambodia 1,390
154  Mauritania 1,318
155  Myanmar 1,264
156  Zimbabwe 1,176
157  Kyrgyzstan 1,144
158  Senegal 1,038
159  Tanzania 1,034
160  Eritrea 980
161  Ethiopia 873
162    Nepal 834
163  Benin 830
164  Tajikistan 824
165  Mali 811
166  Chad 810
167  Guinea-Bissau 794
168  Comoros 788
169  Haiti 784
170  Rwanda 772
171  Guinea 749
172  Liberia 729
173  Uganda 699
174  Burkina Faso 664
175  Togo 611
176  Afghanistan 588
177  Yemen 551
178  Sierra Leone 491
179  Gambia 480
180  Democratic Republic of the Congo 478
181  Madagascar 448
182  Niger 440
183  Mozambique 429
184  Central African Republic 387
185  Malawi 324
186  Burundi 312
187  South Sudan 228
Rank Country US$
1  Luxembourg 104,103
 Macau 80,893
2   Switzerland 80,190
3  Norway 75,505
4  Iceland 70,057
5  Ireland 69,331
6  Qatar 63,506
7  United States 59,532
8  Singapore 57,714
9  Denmark 56,308
10  Australia 53,800
11  Sweden 53,442
12  San Marino 49,664
13  Netherlands 48,223
14  Austria 47,291
 Hong Kong 46,194
15  Finland 45,703
16  Canada 45,032
17  Germany 44,470
18  Belgium 43,324
19  New Zealand 42,941
20  United Arab Emirates 40,699
21  Israel 40,270
22  United Kingdom 39,720
23  Andorra 39,147
24  France 38,477
25  Japan 38,428
 European Union 33,715
26  Italy 31,953
27  Bahamas, The 30,762
28  South Korea 29,743
29  Kuwait 29,040
30  Brunei 28,291
31  Spain 28,157
32  Malta 26,946
33  Cyprus 25,234
34  Bahrain 23,655
35  Slovenia 23,597
36  Portugal 21,136
37  Saudi Arabia 20,761
38  Czech Republic 20,368
39  Estonia 19,705
40  Greece 18,613
41  Slovakia 17,605
42  Saint Kitts and Nevis 17,090
43  Barbados 16,789
44  Lithuania 16,681
45  Uruguay 16,246
46  Trinidad and Tobago 16,145
47  Oman 15,668
48  Latvia 15,594
49  Seychelles 15,505
50  Chile 15,346
51  Panama 15,088
52  Antigua and Barbuda 15,022
53  Argentina 14,402
54  Hungary 14,225
55  Poland 13,812
56  Palau 13,417
57  Croatia 13,295
58  Costa Rica 11,631
59  Romania 10,814
60  Russia 10,743
World 10,714
61  Mauritius 10,547
62  Turkey 10,541
63  Maldives 10,536
64  Grenada 10,376
65  Malaysia 9,945
66  Equatorial Guinea 9,850
67  Brazil 9,821
68  Saint Lucia 9,574
69  Mexico 8,903
70  Kazakhstan 8,838
71  China 8,827
72  Lebanon 8,524
73  Nauru 8,344
74  Bulgaria 8,032
75  Libya 7,998
76  Montenegro 7,670
77  Dominica 7,610
78  Botswana 7,596
79  Turkmenistan 7,356
80  Gabon 7,221
81  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 7,185
82  Dominican Republic 7,052
83  Thailand 6,594
84  Peru 6,572
85  Colombia 6,302
86  Ecuador 6,199
87  South Africa 6,161
88  Suriname 5,901
89  Serbia 5,900
90  Belarus 5,726
91  Fiji 5,589
92  Macedonia 5,443
93  Iran 5,415
94  Namibia 5,227
95  Bosnia and Herzegovina 5,181
96  Iraq 5,166
97  Jamaica 5,110
98  Belize 4,906
99  Guyana 4,725
100  Albania 4,538
101  Guatemala 4,471
102  Paraguay 4,366
103  Samoa 4,361
104  Angola 4,170
105  Azerbaijan 4,132
106  Jordan 4,130
107  Algeria 4,123
108  Georgia 4,078
109  Sri Lanka 4,065
110  Tonga 3,944
111  Armenia 3,937
 Kosovo 3,894
112  El Salvador 3,889
113  Indonesia 3,847
114  Marshall Islands 3,753
115  Mongolia 3,735
116  Tuvalu 3,550
117  Tunisia 3,491
118  Bolivia 3,394
119  Swaziland 3,224
120  Cape Verde 3,210
121  Micronesia 3,188
122  Vanuatu 3,124
123  Bhutan 3,110
 Palestine 3,095
124  Morocco 3,007
125  Philippines 2,989
126  Sudan 2,899
127  Ukraine 2,640
128  Papua New Guinea 2,556
129  Honduras 2,480
130  Laos 2,457
131  Egypt 2,413
132  Vietnam 2,343
133  Moldova 2,290
134  East Timor 2,279
135  Nicaragua 2,222
136  Solomon Islands 2,132
137  Nigeria 1,969
138  India 1,940
139  Djibouti 1,928
140  São Tomé and Príncipe 1,913
141  Kiribati 1,685
142  Côte d'Ivoire 1,662
143  Congo, Republic of the 1,658
144  Ghana 1,642
145  Pakistan 1,548
146  Bangladesh 1,517
147  Zambia 1,510
148  Kenya 1,508
149  Uzbekistan 1,504
150  Cameroon 1,447
151  Cambodia 1,384
152  Myanmar 1,299
153  Kyrgyzstan 1,220
154  Lesotho 1,182
155  Mauritania 1,137
156  Zimbabwe 1,080
157  Senegal 1,033
158  Tanzania 936
159    Nepal 835
160  Benin 830
161  Guinea 825
162  Mali 824
163  Tajikistan 801
164  Comoros 797
165  Ethiopia 768
166  Haiti 766
167  Rwanda 748
168  Guinea-Bissau 724
169  Burkina Faso 671
170  Chad 670
171  Togo 617
172  Uganda 604
173  Afghanistan 586
174  Somalia 500
175  Sierra Leone 499
176  Gambia, The 483
177  Congo, Democratic Republic of the 458
178  Liberia 456
179  Madagascar 450
180  Central African Republic 418
181  Mozambique 416
182  Niger 378
183  Malawi 339
184  Burundi 320
Rank Country US$
1  Monaco 168,004
2  Liechtenstein 164,437
3  Luxembourg 101,835
 Bermuda 99,363
4   Switzerland 79,609
 Macau 73,187
5  Norway 70,617
6  Ireland 64,497
 Cayman Islands 63,261
7  Iceland 60,966
8  Qatar 59,324
9  United States 57,808
10  Australia 54,069
11  Denmark 53,730
12  Singapore 52,814
13  Sweden 50,687
14  San Marino 47,910
15  Netherlands 45,753
16  Austria 44,857
 Hong Kong 43,943
17  Finland 43,339
18  Germany 42,456
19  Canada 42,154
20  Belgium 41,199
 Greenland 40,469
21  United Kingdom 40,249
22  New Zealand 40,233
23  Israel 38,788
24  Japan 38,640
25  United Arab Emirates 37,622
26  Andorra 36,987
27  France 36,826
 New Caledonia 34,641
 Virgin Islands, British 31,677
28  Italy 31,279
29  Bahamas, The 28,785
 Puerto Rico 28,636
30  South Korea 27,785
31  Kuwait 27,229
32  Brunei 26,939
33  Spain 26,695
 Turks and Caicos Islands 26,291
34  Malta 25,616
 Europe 25,596
Americas 25,496
 Aruba 25,444
35  Cyprus 23,631
 Anguilla 22,861
36  Bahrain 22,579
37  Slovenia 21,517
38  Saudi Arabia 19,817
39  Portugal 19,750
 Curaçao 19,586
 French Polynesia 19,335
40  Czech Republic 18,406
41  Estonia 17,782
42  Trinidad and Tobago 17,646
43  Greece 17,230
 Cook Islands 16,698
44  Saint Kitts and Nevis 16,597
45  Slovakia 16,489
46  Barbados 15,975
47  Uruguay 15,221
48  Seychelles 15,217
49  Lithuania 14,707
50  Antigua and Barbuda 14,462
51  Palau 14,428
52  Oman 14,277
53  Latvia 13,993
54  Chile 13,794
55  Panama 13,680
56  Hungary 12,900
57  Argentina 12,449
58  Poland 12,332
59  Croatia 12,159
 Montserrat 12,044
60  Costa Rica 11,825
61  Turkey 10,863
World 10,133
62  Mauritius 9,679
63  Malaysia 9,508
64  Grenada 9,469
65  Romania 9,439
66  Venezuela 9,230
67  Nauru 9,119
68  Maldives 8,833
69  Equatorial Guinea 8,742
70  Russia 8,655
71  Brazil 8,649
 South America 8,504
72  Mexico 8,444
73  Lebanon 8,400
74  China 8,126
75  Dominica 7,907
76  Saint Lucia 7,848
77  Cuba 7,815
78  Kazakhstan 7,705
Central America 7,552
79  Bulgaria 7,465
80  Gabon 7,002
81  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 6,980
82  Montenegro 6,958
83  Botswana 6,917
84  Libya 6,826
85  Dominican Republic 6,722
86  Turkmenistan 6,389
87  Peru 6,049
88  Thailand 5,911
89  Ecuador 5,982
90  Suriname 5,871
91  Colombia 5,806
92  Serbia 5,426
93  Iran 5,299
94  Fiji 5,197
95  Macedonia, Republic of 5,163
96  South Africa 5,105
97  Belarus 5,001
98  Jamaica 4,879
99  Bosnia and Herzegovina 4,808
100  Belize 4,745
101  Guyana 4,444
102  Namibia 4,415
103  Iraq 4,301
104  El Salvador 4,224
105  Samoa 4,214
106  Guatemala 4,147
107  Jordan 4,088
108  Albania 4,054
109  Paraguay 4,039
Association of Southeast Asian Nations Southeast Asia 3,987
110  Algeria 3,917
111  Sri Lanka 3,910
112  Azerbaijan 3,892
 Kosovo 3,811
113  Tonga 3,748
114  Angola 3,711
115  Mongolia 3,686
116  Tunisia 3,657
117  Georgia 3,651
118  Armenia 3,615
119  Indonesia 3,570
120  Marshall Islands 3,449
121  Federated States of Micronesia 3,144
122  Bolivia 3,105
123  Vanuatu 3,097
124  Tuvalu 3,085
125  Cape Verde 3,038
126  Swaziland 2,983
127  Philippines 2,951
128  Morocco 2,937
129  Egypt 2,823
 Palestine 2,796
130  Bhutan 2,774
131  Papua New Guinea 2,436
132  Honduras 2,361
133  Laos 2,339
134  Nigeria 2,176
135  Vietnam 2,171
136  Nicaragua 2,151
137  East Timor 2,126
138  Uzbekistan 2,116
139  Ukraine 2,099
140  Sudan 2,094
141  Djibouti 2,007
Africa 1,752
142  Solomon Islands 1,892
143  São Tomé and Príncipe 1,715
144  India 1,706
145  Moldova 1,668
146  Côte d'Ivoire 1,552
147  Kiribati 1,518
148  Congo, Republic of the 1,517
149  Ghana 1,517
150  Comoros 1,492
151  Pakistan 1,462
152  Kenya 1,455
153  Cameroon 1,374
154  Bangladesh 1,355
155  Cambodia 1,270
156  Zambia 1,270
157  Myanmar 1,242
158  Syria 1,203
159  Kyrgyzstan 1,100
160  Eritrea 1,093
161  Mauritania 1,085
162  Lesotho 1,017
163  Zimbabwe 998
164  Senegal 948
165  Yemen 920
166  Tanzania 881
167  Benin 818
168  Tajikistan 796
169  Chad 780
170  Mali 778
171    Nepal 722
172  Rwanda 711
173  Haiti 705
174  Ethiopia 687
175  Guinea 683
176  North Korea 665
177  Burkina Faso 627
178  Guinea-Bissau 620
179  Uganda 610
180  Liberia 598
181  Togo 585
182  Afghanistan 584
183  South Sudan 534
184  Congo, Democratic Republic of the 512
185  Sierra Leone 497
186  Gambia, The 484
187  Madagascar 451
188  Central African Republic 394
189  Mozambique 379
190  Niger 364
191  Malawi 294
192  Burundi 273
193  Somalia 92

Distorted GDP-per-capita for tax havens

Many of leading GDP-per-capita (nominal) jurisdictions are tax havens whose economic data is artificially inflated by tax-driven corporate accounting entries.

A stunning $12 trillion—almost 40 percent of all foreign direct investment positions globally—is completely artificial: it consists of financial investment passing through empty corporate shells with no real activity. These investments in empty corporate shells almost always pass through well-known tax havens. The eight major pass-through economies—the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Hong Kong SAR, the British Virgin Islands, Bermuda, the Cayman Islands, Ireland, and Singapore—host more than 85 percent of the world’s investment in special purpose entities, which are often set up for tax reasons.

— "Piercing the Veil", International Monetary Fund, June 2018[7]

A fuller discussion on this topic is in the List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita article.

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ Based on the IMF data. If no data was available for a country from IMF, data from the World Bank is used.
  2. ^ O'Sullivan, Arthur 
  3. ^ French President seeks alternatives to GDP, The Guardian 14-09-2009.
    "European Parliament, Policy Department Economic and Scientific Policy: Beyond GDP Study" (PDF).  (1.47 MB)
  4. ^ World Economic Outlook Database, April 2018, International Monetary Fund. Accessed on 17 April 2018.
  5. ^ Data refer mostly to the year 2017.[1] Selecting all countries, GDP per capita (current US$), World Bank. Accessed on 1st of July 2018.
  6. ^ National Accounts Main Aggregates Database, 2016, (Select all countries, "GDP, Per Capita GDP - US Dollars", and 2016 to generate table), United Nations Statistics Division. Accessed on 2 Jan 2018.
  7. ^ "Piercing the Veil, FINANCE & DEVELOPMENT, JUNE 2018, VOL. 55, NO. 2". IMF Finance & Development. June 2018. 

External links