List of countries by GDP (nominal) per capita

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Countries by 2015 GDP (nominal) per capita[1]
  > $64,000
  $32,000–64,000
  $16,000–32,000
  $8,000–16,000
  $4,000–8,000
  $2,000–4,000
  $1,000–2,000
  $500–1,000
  < $500
  unavailable

The world sorted by their gross domestic product per capita at nominal values. This is the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year, converted at market exchange rates to current U.S. dollars, divided by the average population for the same year.

The figures presented here do not take into account differences in the cost of living in different countries, and the results vary greatly from one year to another based on fluctuations in the exchange rates of the country's currency. Such fluctuations change a country's ranking from one year to the next, even though they often make little or no difference to the standard of living of its population.

Therefore, these figures should be used with caution. GDP per capita is often considered an indicator of a country's standard of living;[2][3] although this is problematic because GDP per capita is not a measure of personal income.

Comparisons of national income are also frequently made on the basis of purchasing power parity (PPP), to adjust for differences in the cost of living in different countries. (See List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita.) PPP largely removes the exchange rate problem but not others; it does not reflect the value of economic output in international trade, and it also requires more estimation than GDP per capita. On the whole, PPP per capita figures are more narrowly spread than nominal GDP per capita figures.

Non-sovereign entities (the world, continents, and some dependent territories) and states with limited international recognition (such as Kosovo, the State of Palestine and Taiwan) are included in the list in cases in which they appear in the sources. These economies are not ranked in the charts here, but are listed in sequence by GDP for comparison. They are marked in italics.

Note that the Irish GDP data below is subject to material distortion by the tax planning activities of foreign multinationals in Ireland. 2015 Irish GDP is over 150% of 2015 Irish GNI. To address this, in 2017 the Central Bank of Ireland created "modified GNI" (or GNI*) as a more appropriate statistic, and the OECD and IMF have adopted it for Ireland. 2015 Irish GDP is 143% of 2015 Irish GNI*.

All data are in current United States dollars. Historical data can be found here.

List of per capita nominal GDP for countries and dependencies[edit]

International Monetary Fund (2017)[4] World Bank (2017)[5] United Nations (2017)[6]
Rank Country/Territories US$
1  Luxembourg 105,863
2   Switzerland 80,637
 Macau 77,111
3  Norway 75,389
4  Iceland 70,248
5  Ireland 68,710
6  Qatar 61,024
7  United States 59,792
8  Singapore 57,713
9  Denmark 56,630
10  Australia 55,692
11  Sweden 52,925
12  Netherlands 48,555
13  San Marino 47,595
14  Austria 47,347
 Hong Kong 46,080
15  Finland 45,927
16  Canada 45,094
17  Germany 44,769
18  Belgium 43,488
19  New Zealand 41,572
20  Israel 40,272
21  France 39,932
22  United Kingdom 39,800
23  Japan 38,448
24  United Arab Emirates 37,732
25  Italy 31,996
26  Bahamas 31,660
 Puerto Rico 31,581
27  South Korea 29,938
28  Spain 28,358
29  Brunei 28,278
30  Kuwait 27,393
31  Malta 27,326
32  Cyprus 25,380
 Aruba 24,371
33  Bahrain 24,325
 Taiwan 24,292
34  Slovenia 23,654
35  Portugal 21,158
36  Saudi Arabia 21,096
37  Czech Republic 20,401
38  Estonia 19,735
39  Greece 18,637
40  Barbados 17,757
41  Slovakia 17,655
42  Saint Kitts and Nevis 17,397
43  Oman 17,128
44  Uruguay 16,941
45  Lithuania 16,730
46  Antigua and Barbuda 16,702
47  Trinidad and Tobago 16,637
48  Palau 15,980
49  Seychelles 15,859
50  Latvia 15,550
51  Panama 15,089
52  Chile 15,067
53  Equatorial Guinea 14,817
54  Argentina 14,462
55  Hungary 14,209
56  Poland 13,821
57  Croatia 13,271
58  Maldives 12,527
59  Lebanon 12,013
60  Costa Rica 11,728
61  Russia 10,955
62  Romania 10,785
World 10,728
63  Turkey 10,537
64  Mauritius 10,504
65  Grenada 10,405
66  Brazil 9,895
67  Malaysia 9,755
68  Saint Lucia 9,606
69  Mexico 9,318
70  Kazakhstan 8,762
71  China 8,643
72  Nauru 8,574
73  Bulgaria 8,077
74  Dominica 7,879
75  Montenegro 7,678
76  Botswana 7,584
77  Dominican Republic 7,477
78  Gabon 7,373
79  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 7,124
80  Venezuela 6,890
81  Peru 6,731
82  Turkmenistan 6,642
83  Thailand 6,590
84  Colombia 6,379
85  Ecuador 6,216
86  South Africa 6,179
87  Serbia 5,901
88  Suriname 5,869
89  Belarus 5,727
90  Paraguay 5,600
91  Namibia 5,589
92  Fiji 5,527
93  Macedonia 5,474
94  Iran 5,289
95  Jamaica 5,193
96  Bosnia and Herzegovina 5,180
97  Iraq 4,950
98  Belize 4,806
99  Libya 4,739
100  Guyana 4,578
101  Albania 4,544
102  Tonga 4,520
103  Guatemala 4,469
104  Angola 4,465
105  Samoa 4,258
106  Azerbaijan 4,140
107  Jordan 4,135
108  Georgia 4,085
109  Sri Lanka 4,073
110  Algeria 4,033
111  Kosovo 3,944
112  Eswatini 3,915
113  El Salvador 3,894
114  Indonesia 3,876
115  Armenia 3,861
116  Mongolia 3,640
117  Tuvalu 3,638
118  Marshall Islands 3,625
119  Tunisia 3,496
120  Bolivia 3,353
121  Cape Verde 3,238
122  Micronesia 3,200
123  Morocco 3,151
124  Vanuatu 3,094
125  Philippines 2,976
126  Bhutan 2,903
127  Papua New Guinea 2,861
128  Honduras 2,766
129  Ukraine 2,583
130  Laos 2,542
131  Egypt 2,501
132  Vietnam 2,354
133  Moldova 2,280
134  Nicaragua 2,207
135  East Timor 2,104
136  Solomon Islands 2,081
137  Nigeria 1,994
138  Djibouti 1,989
139  India 1,983
140  Republic of the Congo 1,958
141  São Tomé and Príncipe 1,785
142  Kiribati 1,721
143  Kenya 1,702
144  Ghana 1,663
145  Côte d'Ivoire 1,617
146  Bangladesh 1,602
147  Pakistan 1,541
148  Uzbekistan 1,491
149  Zambia 1,480
150  Sudan 1,428
151  Lesotho 1,425
152  Cameroon 1,401
153  Cambodia 1,390
154  Mauritania 1,318
155  Myanmar 1,264
156  Zimbabwe 1,176
157  Kyrgyzstan 1,144
158  Senegal 1,038
159  Tanzania 1,034
160  Eritrea 980
161  Ethiopia 873
162    Nepal 834
163  Benin 830
164  Tajikistan 824
165  Mali 811
166  Chad 810
167  Guinea-Bissau 794
168  Comoros 788
169  Haiti 784
170  Rwanda 772
171  Guinea 749
172  Liberia 729
173  Uganda 699
174  Burkina Faso 664
175  Togo 611
176  Afghanistan 588
177  Yemen 551
178  Sierra Leone 491
179  Gambia, The 480
180  Democratic Republic of the Congo 478
181  Madagascar 448
182  Niger 440
183  Mozambique 429
184  Central African Republic 387
185  Malawi 324
186  Burundi 312
187  South Sudan 228
Rank Country/Territories US$
1  Luxembourg 104,103
 Macau 80,893
2   Switzerland 80,190
3  Norway 75,505
4  Iceland 70,057
5  Ireland 69,331
6  Qatar 63,506
7  United States 59,532
8  Singapore 57,714
9  Denmark 56,308
10  Australia 53,800
11  Sweden 53,442
12  San Marino 49,664
13  Netherlands 48,223
14  Austria 47,291
 Hong Kong 46,194
15  Finland 45,703
16  Canada 45,032
17  Germany 44,470
18  Belgium 43,324
19  New Zealand 42,941
20  United Arab Emirates 40,699
21  Israel 40,270
22  United Kingdom 39,720
23  Andorra 39,147
24  France 38,477
25  Japan 38,428
 European Union 33,715
26  Italy 31,953
27  Bahamas, The 30,762
28  South Korea 29,743
29  Kuwait 29,040
30  Brunei 28,291
31  Spain 28,157
32  Malta 26,904
 Aruba 25,655
33  Cyprus 25,234
34  Bahrain 23,655
35  Slovenia 23,597
36  Portugal 21,136
37  Saudi Arabia 20,761
38  Czech Republic 20,368
39  Estonia 19,705
40  Greece 18,613
41  Slovakia 17,605
42  Saint Kitts and Nevis 17,090
43  Barbados 16,789
44  Lithuania 16,681
45  Uruguay 16,246
46  Trinidad and Tobago 16,145
47  Oman 15,668
48  Latvia 15,594
49  Seychelles 15,505
50  Chile 15,346
51  Panama 15,088
52  Antigua and Barbuda 15,022
53  Argentina 14,402
54  Hungary 14,225
55  Poland 13,812
56  Palau 13,417
57  Croatia 13,295
58  Costa Rica 11,631
59  Romania 10,814
60  Russia 10,743
World 10,714
61  Mauritius 10,547
62  Turkey 10,541
63  Maldives 10,536
64  Grenada 10,376
65  Malaysia 9,945
66  Equatorial Guinea 9,850
67  Brazil 9,821
68  Saint Lucia 9,574
69  Mexico 8,903
70  Kazakhstan 8,838
71  China 8,827
72  Lebanon 8,524
73  Nauru 8,344
74  Bulgaria 8,032
75  Libya 7,998
76  Montenegro 7,670
77  Dominica 7,610
78  Botswana 7,596
79  Turkmenistan 7,356
80  Gabon 7,221
81  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 7,185
82  Dominican Republic 7,052
83  Thailand 6,594
84  Peru 6,572
85  Colombia 6,302
86  Ecuador 6,199
87  South Africa 6,161
88  Suriname 5,901
89  Serbia 5,900
90  Belarus 5,726
91  Fiji 5,589
92  Macedonia 5,443
93  Iran 5,415
94  Namibia 5,227
95  Bosnia and Herzegovina 5,181
96  Iraq 5,166
97  Jamaica 5,110
98  Belize 4,906
99  Guyana 4,725
100  Albania 4,538
101  Guatemala 4,471
102  Paraguay 4,366
103  Samoa 4,361
104  Angola 4,170
105  Azerbaijan 4,132
106  Jordan 4,130
107  Algeria 4,123
108  Georgia 4,078
109  Sri Lanka 4,065
110  Tonga 3,944
111  Armenia 3,937
 Kosovo 3,894
112  El Salvador 3,889
113  Indonesia 3,847
114  Marshall Islands 3,753
115  Mongolia 3,735
116  Tuvalu 3,550
117  Tunisia 3,491
118  Bolivia 3,394
119  Eswatini 3,224
120  Cape Verde 3,210
121  Micronesia 3,188
122  Vanuatu 3,124
123  Bhutan 3,110
 Palestine 3,095
124  Morocco 3,007
125  Philippines 2,989
126  Sudan 2,899
127  Ukraine 2,640
128  Papua New Guinea 2,556
129  Honduras 2,480
130  Laos 2,457
131  Egypt 2,413
132  Vietnam 2,343
133  Moldova 2,290
134  East Timor 2,279
135  Nicaragua 2,222
136  Solomon Islands 2,132
137  Nigeria 1,969
138  India 1,940
139  Djibouti 1,928
140  São Tomé and Príncipe 1,913
141  Kiribati 1,685
142  Côte d'Ivoire 1,662
143  Congo, Republic of the 1,658
144  Ghana 1,642
145  Pakistan 1,548
146  Bangladesh 1,517
147  Zambia 1,510
148  Kenya 1,508
149  Uzbekistan 1,504
150  Cameroon 1,447
151  Cambodia 1,384
152  Myanmar 1,299
153  Kyrgyzstan 1,220
154  Lesotho 1,182
155  Mauritania 1,137
156  Zimbabwe 1,080
157  Senegal 1,033
158  Tanzania 936
159    Nepal 835
160  Benin 830
161  Guinea 825
162  Mali 824
163  Tajikistan 801
164  Comoros 797
165  Ethiopia 768
166  Haiti 766
167  Rwanda 748
168  Guinea-Bissau 724
169  Burkina Faso 671
170  Chad 670
171  Togo 617
172  Uganda 604
173  Afghanistan 586
174  Somalia 550
175  Sierra Leone 499
176  Gambia, The 483
177  Congo, Democratic Republic of the 458
178  Liberia 456
179  Madagascar 450
180  Central African Republic 418
181  Mozambique 416
182  Niger 378
183  Malawi 339
184  Burundi 292
Rank Country/Territories US$
1  Liechtenstein 166,022
2  Monaco 165,421
3  Luxembourg 106,806
 Bermuda 102,192
 Macau 80,893
4   Switzerland 80,101
5  Norway 75,295
6  Iceland 73,060
7  Ireland 69,604
 Cayman Islands 65,472
8  Qatar 63,506
9  United States 60,055
10  Australia 57,613
11  Denmark 57,533
12  Singapore 56,737
13  Sweden 54,043
14  San Marino 50,588
 Greenland 49,398
15  Netherlands 48,754
16  Austria 47,718
 Hong Kong 46,390
17  Finland 45,670
18  Germany 44,976
19  Canada 44,974
20  Belgium 43,289
21  New Zealand 42,936
22  Israel 42,452
23  United Arab Emirates 40,699
24  United Kingdom 39,758
25  Andorra 39,153
26  France 38,415
27  Japan 38,220
 New Caledonia 35,815
28  Italy 32,747
 Virgin Islands, British 31,917
29  South Korea 30,025
30  Bahamas, The 29,825
31  Malta 29,137
32  Kuwait 28,897
 Turks and Caicos Islands 28,689
 Puerto Rico 28,451
33  Spain 28,354
34  Brunei 28,291
 Europe 27,222
Americas 26,748
35  Cyprus 25,790
 Aruba 25,655
36  Bahrain 23,688
37  Slovenia 23,296
38  Saudi Arabia 20,761
39  Czech Republic 20,326
 French Polynesia 19,807
40  Estonia 19,793
 Curaçao 19,586
41  Portugal 18,882
 Anguilla 18,861
42  Greece 18,198
 Cook Islands 17,798
43  Slovakia 17,552
44  Uruguay 17,120
45  Saint Kitts and Nevis 16,818
46  Barbados 16,494
47  Lithuania 16,450
48  Trinidad and Tobago 16,145
49  Seychelles 15,693
50  Latvia 15,625
51  Chile 15,347
52  Oman 15,267
53  Panama 15,088
54  Antigua and Barbuda 14,803
55  Argentina 14,400
56  Hungary 14,376
57  Poland 13,786
58  Palau 13,417
59  Croatia 13,177
60  Costa Rica 11,734
 Montserrat 11,582
61  Maldives 11,151
62  Russia 10,956
63  Romania 10,763
World 10,665
64  Mauritius 10,565
65  Turkey 10,546
66  Grenada 10,451
67  Nauru 10,045
68  Malaysia 9,951
69  Equatorial Guinea 9,850
70  Brazil 9,821
71  Saint Lucia 9,607
 South America 9,393
72  Mexico 8,967
73  Lebanon 8,778
74  Kazakhstan 8,756
75  China 8,682
76  Cuba 8,433
77  Bulgaria 8,218
Central America 7,990
78  Venezuela 7,977
79  Botswana 7,596
80  Gabon 7,221
81  Dominican Republic 7,052
82  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 6,980
83  Montenegro 6,958
84  Suriname 6,757
85  Dominica 6,719
86  Thailand 6,595
87  Turkmenistan 6,585
88  Peru 6,572
89  Colombia 6,302
90  Ecuador 6,273
91  South Africa 6,151
92  Serbia 5,912
93  Belarus 5,750
94  Iran 5,680
95  Macedonia, Republic of 5,415
96  Fiji 5,382
97  Namibia 5,227
98  Bosnia and Herzegovina 5,181
99  Jamaica 5,130
100  Belize 5,077
101  Iraq 4,756
102  Guyana 4,555
103  Guatemala 4,471
104  Albania 4,450
105  Samoa 4,356
106  Paraguay 4,322
Association of Southeast Asian Nations Southeast Asia 4,266
107  Angola 4,247
108  Jordan 4,196
109  Sri Lanka 4,184
110  Azerbaijan 4,146
 Kosovo 4,116
111  Algeria 4,055
112  Tonga 3,950
113  Libya 3,942
114  Armenia 3,937
115  Tuvalu 3,924
116  El Salvador 3,889
117  Georgia 3,875
118  Indonesia 3,847
119  Marshall Islands 3,753
120  Mongolia 3,620
121  Tunisia 3,475
122  Bolivia 3,394
123  Cape Verde 3,245
124  Eswatini 3,224
125  Federated States of Micronesia 3,188
126  Vanuatu 3,128
127  Bhutan 3,173
128  Morocco 3,070
129  Philippines 2,989
130  Sudan 2,967
 Palestine 2,946
131  Papua New Guinea 2,667
132  Ukraine 2,536
133  Honduras 2,480
134  Laos 2,457
135  Vietnam 2,342
136  East Timor 2,279
137  Nicaragua 2,222
138  Congo, Republic of the 2,147
139  Ghana 2,046
140  Moldova 2,006
141  Egypt 2,000
142  Solomon Islands 1,982
143  Nigeria 1,969
144  Djibouti 1,928
145  India 1,923
146  São Tomé and Príncipe 1,921
Africa 1,766
147  Kiribati 1,694
148  Côte d'Ivoire 1,566
149  Uzbekistan 1,557
150  Pakistan 1,534
151  Zambia 1,513
152  Kenya 1,508
153  Bangladesh 1,492
154  Cameroon 1,452
155  Cambodia 1,382
156  Senegal 1,333
157  Comoros 1,330
158  Myanmar 1,257
159  Kyrgyzstan 1,251
160  Lesotho 1,178
161  Eritrea 1,147
162  Mauritania 1,129
163  Zimbabwe 1,091
164  Yemen 990
165  Tanzania 934
166    Nepal 849
167  Syria 831
168  Benin 826
169  Mali 822
170  Guinea 803
171  Tajikistan 801
172  Haiti 776
173  Rwanda 748
174  Guinea-Bissau 724
175  Ethiopia 720
176  Chad 719
177  Gambia, The 709
178  North Korea 685
179  Uganda 646
180  Burkina Faso 642
181  Afghanistan 619
182  Togo 614
183  Liberia 584
184  Madagascar 517
185  Sierra Leone 495
186  Congo, Democratic Republic of the 463
187  South Sudan 453
188  Central African Republic 428
189  Mozambique 426
190  Niger 378
191  Malawi 340
192  Burundi 290
193  Somalia 104

Distorted GDP-per-capita for tax havens[edit]

Many of leading GDP-per-capita (nominal) jurisdictions are tax havens whose economic data is artificially inflated by tax-driven corporate accounting entries.

A stunning $12 trillion—almost 40 percent of all foreign direct investment positions globally—is completely artificial: it consists of financial investment passing through empty corporate shells with no real activity. These investments in empty corporate shells almost always pass through well-known tax havens. The eight major pass-through economies—the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Hong Kong SAR, the British Virgin Islands, Bermuda, the Cayman Islands, Ireland, and Singapore—host more than 85 percent of the world’s investment in special purpose entities, which are often set up for tax reasons.

— "Piercing the Veil", International Monetary Fund, June 2018[7]

A fuller discussion on this topic is in the List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita article.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Based on the IMF data. If no data was available for a country from IMF, data from the World Bank is used.
  2. ^ O'Sullivan, Arthur
  3. ^ French President seeks alternatives to GDP, The Guardian 14-09-2009.
    "European Parliament, Policy Department Economic and Scientific Policy: Beyond GDP Study" (PDF). (1.47 MB)
  4. ^ World Economic Outlook Database, October 2018, International Monetary Fund. Accessed on 10 October 2018.
  5. ^ Data refer mostly to the year 2017.[1] Selecting all countries, GDP per capita (current US$), World Bank. Accessed on 1st of July 2018.
  6. ^ National Accounts Main Aggregates Database, 2017, (Select all countries, "GDP, Per Capita GDP - US Dollars", and 2016 to generate table), United Nations Statistics Division. Accessed on 17 Jan 2019.
  7. ^ "Piercing the Veil, FINANCE & DEVELOPMENT, JUNE 2018, VOL. 55, NO. 2". IMF Finance & Development. June 2018.

External links[edit]