List of countries by HIV/AIDS adult prevalence rate

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The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which causes AIDS, varies in prevalence from nation to nation. Listed here are the prevalence rates among adults in various countries, based on data from various sources, largely the CIA World Factbook.[1][2][3]

As of 2018, 37.9 million people are estimated infected with HIV globally.[4]

The HIV pandemic is most severe in Southern Africa. Over 10% of all people infected with HIV/AIDS reside within the region. Adult HIV prevalence exceeds 20% in Eswatini (Swaziland), Botswana, and Lesotho, while an additional six countries report adult HIV prevalence of at least 10%. Outside Africa, the highest prevalence rate is found in the Bahamas (3.3%).[5]

In absolute numbers, South Africa (7.1 million), followed by Nigeria (3.2 million), and India (2.1 million) had the highest HIV/AIDS number of cases by the end of 2016.[6][7] While South Africa's large population of HIV-positive people is attributable to its high disease prevalence (18.9%, one of the highest in the world), Nigeria's is lower at 2.9%, with India's prevalence rate at 0.3%.[1]. However, countries such as Nigeria with high HIV rates above 1% are classified as having Generalized HIV Epidemics (GHEs) by UNAIDS, while India's prevalence is well below this threshold, with a prevalence lower than the US's and about the same as France.[8]

On the other end of the spectrum, Svalbard is reported as having no cases of HIV/AIDS.

HIV/AIDS prevalence estimates table[edit]

This data was sourced from the CIA's world factbook[9] and UNAIDS AIDS info website[10] unless referenced otherwise. A horizontal dash - indicates the data was not published. Adult prevalence describes ages between 15-49.

Country Adult prevalence
of HIV/AIDS[1]
Number of people
with HIV/AIDS
Annual deaths
from HIV/AIDS[3]
Year of estimate
 Eswatini (Swaziland) 27.20% 220,000 3,900 2016
 Lesotho 25.00% 330,000 9,900 2016
 Botswana 21.90% 360,000 3,900 2016
 South Africa 18.90% 7,100,000 110,000 2016
 Namibia 13.80% 230,000 4,300 2016
 Zimbabwe 13.50% 1,300,000 30,000 2016
 Zambia 12.40% 1,200,000 21,000 2016
 Mozambique 12.30% 1,800,000 62,000 2016
 Malawi 9.20% 1,000,000 24,000 2016
 Uganda 6.50% 1,400,000 28,000 2016
 Equatorial Guinea 6.20% 35,000 - 2016
 Kenya 5.40% 1,600,000 36,000 2016
 Tanzania 4.70% 1,400,000 33,000 2016
 Central African Republic 4.00% 130,000 7,300 2016
 Cameroon 3.80% 560,000 29,000 2016
 Gabon 3.60% 48,000 1,500 2016
 Bahamas, The 3.30% 8,200 - 2016
 Rwanda 3.10% 220,000 3,300 2016
 Congo, Republic of the 3.10% 91,000 3,800 2016
 Guinea-Bissau 3.10% 36,000 2,000 2016
 Nigeria 2.90% 3,200,000 160,000 2016
 Cote d'Ivoire 2.70% 460,000 25,000 2016
 South Sudan 2.70% 200,000 13,000 2016
 Haiti 2.10% 150,000 4,600 2016
 Togo 2.10% 100,000 5,100 2016
 Angola 1.90% 280,000 11,000 2016
 Belize 1.80% 4,300 - 2016
 Sierra Leone 1.70% 67,000 2,800 2016
 Gambia, The 1.70% 20,000 1,100 2016
 Jamaica 1.70% 30,000 1,300 2016
 Liberia 1.60% 43,000 2,800 2016
 Guyana 1.60% 8,500 - 2016
 Ghana 1.60% 290,000 15,000 2016
 Guinea 1.50% 120,000 5,800 2016
 Suriname 1.40% 4,900 - 2016
 Barbados 1.30% 2,600 - 2016
 Djibouti 1.30% 8,600 - 2016
 Chad 1.30% 110,000 2,800 2016
 Russian Federation[11] 1.20% 1,000,000 24,000 2017
 Trinidad and Tobago 1.20% 11,000 - 2016
 Thailand 1.10% 450,000 16,000 2016
 Ethiopia 1.10% 710,000 20,000 2016
 Burundi 1.10% 84,000 2,900 2016
 Benin 1.00% 67,000 2,400 2016
 Mali 1.00% 110,000 6,100 2016
 Dominican Republic 1.00% 67,000 2,200 2016
 Ukraine 0.90% 240,000 8,500 2016
 Papua New Guinea 0.90% 46,000 1,100 2016
 Cabo Verde 0.80% 2,800 - 2016
 Panama 0.80% 21,000 - 2016
 Burma 0.80% 230,000 7,800 2016
 Burkina Faso 0.80% 95,000 3,100 2016
 Latvia 0.70% 6,600 - 2016
 Congo, Democratic Republic of 0.70% 370,000 19,000 2016
 Cambodia 0.60% 71,000 1,800 2016
 Venezuela 0.60% 120,000 2,500 2016
 Moldova 0.60% 15,000 - 2016
 Eritrea 0.60% 15,000 - 2016
 El Salvador 0.60% 24,000 - 2016
 Uruguay 0.60% 12,000 - 2016
 Brazil 0.60% 830,000 14,000 2016
 Georgia 0.50% 12,000 - 2016
 Mauritania 0.50% 11,000 - 2016
 Chile 0.50% 61,000 - 2016
 Guatemala 0.50% 46,000 1,600 2016
 Paraguay 0.50% 19,000 - 2016
 Niger 0.40% 48,000 3,400 2016
 Malaysia 0.40% 97,000 7,000 2016
 Indonesia 0.40% 620,000 38,000 2016
 Honduras 0.40% 21,000 - 2016
 Canada 0.17% 63,110 - 2016[12]
 Cuba 0.40% 25,000 - 2016
 Costa Rica 0.40% 13,000 - 2016
 Colombia 0.40% 120,000 2,800 2016
 Vietnam 0.40% 250,000 8,000 2016
 Argentina 0.40% 120,000 2,400 2016
 Belarus 0.40% 19,000 - 2016
 United States 0.30% 1,018,000 - 2017[13]
 Somalia 0.40% 2016
 Senegal 0.40% 41,000 1,900 2016
 India 0.20% 2,100,000 69,000 2017[14]
 Ecuador 0.30% 33,000 - 2016
 Bolivia 0.30% 19,000 - 2016
 Tajikistan 0.30% 14,000 - 2016
 Peru 0.30% 70,000 2,200 2016
 Italy 0.30% 130,000 - 2016
 Laos 0.30% 11,000 - 2016
 Mexico 0.30% 220,000 4,200 2016
 Armenia 0.20% 3,300 - 2016
 Ireland 0.20% 6,200 - 2016
 Kazakhstan 0.20% 26,000 - 2016
 Kyrgyzstan 0.20% 8,500 - 2016
 Lithuania 0.20% 2,900 - 2016
 Madagascar 0.20% 31,000 1,600 2016
   Nepal 0.20% 32,000 1,700 2016
 Netherlands 0.20% 23,000 - 2016
 Nicaragua 0.20% 8,900 - 2016
 Sudan 0.20% 56,000 3,000 2016
 Sweden 0.20% 11,000 - 2016
 Bhutan 0.16% 1 265[15] - 2018
 Greenland 0.13% 70 - 2018[16]
 Denmark 0.11% 6,500 - 2018[17]
 Albania 0.10% 1,700 - 2016
 Australia 0.10% 25,000 - 2016
 Fiji 0.10% 468[18] - 2019
 Taiwan[19] 0.10% 31,620 - 2016
 Azerbaijan 0.10% 9,200 - 2016
 Iran 0.10% 66,000 4,000 2016
 Romania 0.10% 16,000 - 2016
 Montenegro 0.10% 221[20] 2[20] 2018[20]
 Morocco 0.10% 22,000 - 2016
 Pakistan 0.10% 130,000 5,500 2016
 Malta 0.10% 453[21] - 2019
 Philippines 0.10% 56,000 - 2016
 Algeria - 13,000 - 2016
 Bangladesh - 12,000 1,000 2016
 Egypt - 11,000 - 2016
 Yemen - 9,900 - 2016
 Saudi Arabia 0.024% 8,200 - 2016
 Afghanistan - 7,500 - 2016
 Sri Lanka - 4,000 - 2016
 Bulgaria - 3,500 - 2016
 Czech Republic 0.0319% 3,400 - 2016
 Tunisia - 2,900 - 2016
 Serbia - 2,700 - 2016
 Lebanon 0.0625% 3,750[22] - 2016
 Croatia - 1,500 - 2016
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.009% 350 - 2017
 China 0.09% 950,000 - 2018[23]
 France 0.30% 180,000 - 2018
 Germany 0.10% 87,000 - 2018
 Spain 0.30% 150,000 - 2018
 Portugal 0.50% 41,000 - 2018
 United Kingdom 0.20% 100,000 - 2017
  Switzerland 0.50% 17,000 - 2018[24]

See also[edit]

By region:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "CIA world factbook - HIV/AIDS adult prevalence rate".
  2. ^ "CIA world factbook - HIV/AIDS people living with".
  3. ^ a b "CIA world factbook - HIV/AIDS deaths".
  4. ^ "Fact Sheet" (PDF). UNAIDS.org. 2018. Retrieved 12 December 2019.
  5. ^ "Fact book the Bahamas" (PDF). factbook.lincon.com. Retrieved 2020-07-04.
  6. ^ "UNAIDS.org - HIV and AIDS estimates (2013)".
  7. ^ "The Hindu - India has 3rd-highest number of HIV-infected people: UN". The Hindu. 2014-07-17.
  8. ^ Kenyon, C.; Buyze, J. (2014). "Should the threshold for a generalised HIV epidemic be 1% or 5%?". International Journal of STD & AIDS. 25 (12): 898–900. doi:10.1177/0956462414526575. PMID 25278511.
  9. ^ "The World Factbook". www.cia.gov.
  10. ^ "AIDSinfo | UNAIDS". aidsinfo.unaids.org.
  11. ^ "HIV and AIDS in Russia". Avert. 2017-03-31. Retrieved 2020-02-13.
  12. ^ "The epidemiology of HIV in Canada". www.catie.ca. Retrieved 2019-10-08.
  13. ^ "Statistics Overview | Statistics Center | HIV/AIDS | CDC". 2018-11-16.
  14. ^ "India". www.unaids.org.
  15. ^ [1][dead link]
  16. ^ "Nye tilfælde af HIV blandt unge". Naalakkersuisut. 13 October 2019. Retrieved 22 November 2019.
  17. ^ "Hiv - opgørelse over sygdomsforekomst 2018". Statens Serum Institut. 30 October 2019. Retrieved 22 November 2019.
  18. ^ "HIV cases a growing concern for Fijians: minister - Xinhua | English.news.cn". www.xinhuanet.com.
  19. ^ "HIV月報105-03(更新).PDF".
  20. ^ a b c "HIV-om zaražena 221 osoba, za godinu preminule dvije". RTCG - Radio Televizija Crne Gore - Nacionalni javni servis.
  21. ^ "Over 400 people in Malta have HIV". Times of Malta.
  22. ^ "Around 3,750 HIV/AIDS cases in Lebanon | News , Lebanon News | THE DAILY STAR". www.dailystar.com.lb.
  23. ^ "我国报告 存活感染者95.8万 艾滋病疫情处于低流行水平". 2019-12-01.
  24. ^ "Statistics on HIV/AIDS". Swiss AIDS Federation.

Sources[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook website https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html.

External links[edit]