List of countries by HIV/AIDS adult prevalence rate

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The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which causes AIDS, varies in prevalence from nation to nation. Listed here are the prevalence rates among adults in various countries, based on data from various sources, largely the CIA World Factbook.[1][2][3]

As of 2018, 38 million people are estimated infected with HIV globally.[4]

The HIV pandemic is most severe in Southern Africa. Over 10% of all people infected with HIV/AIDS reside within the region. Adult HIV prevalence exceeds 15% in Eswatini, Botswana, and Lesotho, while an additional six countries report adult HIV prevalence of at least 10%. Outside Africa, the highest prevalence rate is found in the Bahamas (3.3%).[5]

In absolute numbers, South Africa (7.2 million), followed by Mozambique (2.2 million), India (2.1 million) and Nigeria (1.8 million) had the highest HIV/AIDS number of cases by the end of 2019.[2][6] While South Africa's large population of HIV-positive people is attributable to its high disease prevalence (17.3%, one of the highest in the world), Nigeria's is lower at 1.3%, with India's prevalence rate at 0.2%.[1] However, countries such as Nigeria with high HIV rates above 1% are classified as having Generalized HIV Epidemics (GHEs) by UNAIDS, while India's prevalence is well below this threshold, with a prevalence lower than the US's and about the same as France.[7]

HIV/AIDS prevalence estimates table[edit]

This data was sourced from the CIA's world factbook[8] and UNAIDS AIDS info website[9] unless referenced otherwise. A horizontal dash "-" indicates the data was not published. Adult prevalence describes ages between 15 and 49.

[29]
Country Adult prevalence
of HIV/AIDS[1]
Number of people
with HIV/AIDS
Annual deaths
from HIV/AIDS[3]
Year of estimate
 Eswatini 27.10% 200,000 2,300 2019
 Lesotho 23.10% 340,000 4,800 2019
 Botswana 22.20% 380,000 5,000 2019
 South Africa 17.30% 7,500,000 72,000 2019
 Zimbabwe 13.40% 1,400,000 20,000 2019
 Namibia 12.70% 210,000 3,000 2019
 Mozambique 12.10% 2,200,000 51,000 2019
 Zambia 12.10% 1,200,000 17,000 2019
 Malawi 9.50% 1,100,000 13,000 2016
 Equatorial Guinea 7.00% 65,000 1,800 2019
 Uganda 6.10% 1,500,000 21,000 2019
 Tanzania 5.10% 1,700,000 27,000 2016
 Kenya 4.80% 1,500,000 21,000 2019
 Central African Republic 3.60% 100,000 3,800 2019
 Gabon 3.60% 51,000 1,100 2019
 Guinea-Bissau 3.40% 40,000 1,500 2019
 Cameroon 3.20% 510,000 14,000 2019
 Congo, Republic of the 3.10% 100,000 4,500 2019
 Rwanda 2.90% 230,000 2,800 2016
 Cote d'Ivoire 2.70% 430,000 13,000 2016
 South Sudan 2.40% 190,000 9,100 2016
 Togo 2.30% 120,000 3,000 2016
 Gambia, The 2.00% 28,000 1,100 2019
 Haiti 1.90% 160,000 2,700 2019
 Belize 1.90% 4,900 - 2018
 Angola 1.80% 340,000 13,000 2019
 Bahamas, The 1.80% 6,000 - 2018
 Ghana 1.70% 340,000 14,000 2019
 Liberia 1.50% 47,000 1,900 2019
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1.50% 1,200 - 2018
 Sierra Leone 1.50% 78,000 2,600 2019
 Guinea 1.40% 110,000 3,100 2016
 Guyana 1.40% 8,700 - 2019
 Jamaica 1.40% 32,000 1,000 2019
 Suriname 1.30% 5,800 - 2019
 Barbados 1.30% 2,600 - 2016
 Djibouti 1.30% 8,600 - 2016
 Nigeria 1.30% 1,800,000 45,000 2019
 Burundi 1.20% 85,000 1,800 2016
 Chad 1.20% 120,000 3,200 2016
 Mali 1.20% 140,000 5,800 2016
 Russian Federation[10] 1.20% 1,000,000 24,000 2017
 Trinidad and Tobago 1.20% 11,000 - 2016
 Thailand 1.10% 450,000 16,000 2016
 Ethiopia 1.10% 710,000 20,000 2016
 Benin 1.00% 67,000 2,400 2016
 Dominican Republic 1.00% 67,000 2,200 2016
 Ukraine 0.90% 240,000 8,500 2016
 Papua New Guinea 0.90% 46,000 1,100 2016
 Cabo Verde 0.80% 2,800 - 2016
 Panama 0.80% 21,000 - 2016
 Burma 0.80% 230,000 7,800 2016
 Burkina Faso 0.80% 95,000 3,100 2016
 Latvia 0.70% 6,600 - 2016
 Congo, Democratic Republic of 0.70% 370,000 19,000 2016
 Cambodia 0.60% 71,000 1,800 2016
 Venezuela 0.60% 120,000 2,500 2016
 Moldova 0.60% 15,000 - 2016
 Eritrea 0.60% 15,000 - 2016
 El Salvador 0.60% 24,000 - 2016
 Uruguay 0.60% 12,000 - 2016
 Brazil 0.60% 920,000 14,000 2019[11]
 Georgia 0.50% 12,000 - 2016
 Mauritania 0.50% 11,000 - 2016
 Chile 0.50% 61,000 - 2016
 Guatemala 0.50% 46,000 1,600 2016
 Paraguay 0.50% 19,000 - 2016
 Portugal 0.50% 41,000 - 2018
 Niger 0.40% 48,000 3,400 2016
 Malaysia 0.40% 97,000 7,000 2016
 Indonesia 0.40% 640,443 38,000 2019[12]
 Honduras 0.40% 21,000 - 2016
 Cuba 0.40% 25,000 - 2016
 Costa Rica 0.40% 13,000 - 2016
 Colombia 0.40% 120,000 2,800 2016
 Argentina 0.40% 120,000 2,400 2016
 Belarus 0.40% 19,000 - 2016
 Somalia 0.40% 2016
 Senegal 0.40% 41,000 1,900 2016
 United States 0.36% 1,189,700 - 2019[13]
 Ecuador 0.30% 33,000 - 2016
 Bolivia 0.30% 19,000 - 2016
 France 0.30% 180,000 - 2018
 Peru 0.30% 70,000 2,200 2016
 Italy 0.30% 130,000 - 2016
 Laos 0.30% 11,000 - 2016
 Mexico 0.30% 220,000 4,200 2016
 Spain 0.30% 150,000 - 2018
 Tajikistan 0.30% 14,000 - 2016
 Vietnam 0.30% 230,000 4,700 2019
 Armenia 0.20% 3,300 - 2016
 India 0.20% 2,100,000 69,000 2017[14]
 Ireland 0.20% 6,200 - 2016
 Kazakhstan 0.20% 26,000 - 2016
 Kyrgyzstan 0.20% 8,500 - 2016
 Lithuania 0.20% 2,900 - 2016
 Madagascar 0.20% 31,000 1,600 2016
   Nepal 0.20% 32,000 1,700 2016
 Netherlands 0.20% 23,000 - 2016
 Nicaragua 0.20% 8,900 - 2016
 Sudan 0.20% 56,000 3,000 2016
 Sweden 0.13% 8,000 - 2019
  Switzerland 0.20% 17,000 - 2019
 United Kingdom 0.20% 100,000 - 2017
 Canada 0.17% 63,110 - 2016[15]
 Bhutan 0.16% 1 265[16] - 2018
 Greenland 0.13% 70 - 2018[17]
 Norway[18] 0.12% 6,277 77 2017
 Denmark 0.11% 6,500 - 2018[19]
 Albania 0.10% 1,700 - 2016
 Australia 0.10% 25,000 - 2016
 Fiji 0.10% 468[20] - 2019
 Taiwan[21] 0.10% 31,620 - 2016
 Azerbaijan 0.10% 9,200 - 2016
 Iran 0.10% 66,000 4,000 2016
 Germany 0.10% 87,000 - 2018
 Philippines 0.10% 56,000 - 2016
 Romania 0.10% 16,000 - 2016
 Morocco 0.10% 22,000 - 2016
 Pakistan 0.10% 130,000 5,500 2016
 Bangladesh - 12,000 1,000 2016
 Egypt - 11,000 - 2016
 Yemen - 9,900 - 2016
 Afghanistan - 7,500 - 2016
 Sri Lanka - 4,000 - 2016
 Bulgaria - 3,500 - 2016
 Tunisia - 2,900 - 2016
 Serbia 0.04% 2,700 - 2016
 Croatia 0.04% 1,500 - 2016
 China 0.09% 1,250,000 - 2018[22]
 Malta 0.088% 453[23] - 2019
 Lebanon 0.063% 3,750[24] - 2016
 Czech Republic 0.051%[25] 3,122[26] - 2019
 Montenegro 0.04% 243[27] 4[28] 2019[27]
 Algeria 0.029% 13,000 - 2016
 Saudi Arabia 0.024% 8,200 - 2016
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.009% 350 - 2018

See also[edit]

By region:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate - The World Factbook". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 2021-01-17.
  2. ^ a b "HIV/AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDS - The World Factbook". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 2021-01-17.
  3. ^ a b "HIV/AIDS – deaths - The World Factbook". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 2021-01-17.
  4. ^ "Global HIV & AIDS statistics — 2020 fact sheet". www.unaids.org. Retrieved 2021-01-17.
  5. ^ "Fact book the Bahamas" (PDF). factbook.lincon.com. Retrieved 2020-07-04.
  6. ^ "The Hindu - India has 3rd-highest number of HIV-infected people: UN". The Hindu. 2014-07-17.
  7. ^ Kenyon, C.; Buyze, J. (2014). "Should the threshold for a generalised HIV epidemic be 1% or 5%?". International Journal of STD & AIDS. 25 (12): 898–900. doi:10.1177/0956462414526575. PMID 25278511. S2CID 10387855.
  8. ^ "Guide to Country Comparisons - The World Factbook". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 2021-01-17.
  9. ^ "AIDSinfo | UNAIDS". aidsinfo.unaids.org.
  10. ^ "HIV and AIDS in Russia". Avert. 2017-03-31. Retrieved 2020-02-13.
  11. ^ "COVID-19 threatens HIV care continuity in Brazil". The Lancet. 2020-12-01.
  12. ^ "HIV/AIDS Programme in the World of Work" (PDF). ILO Jakarta Office. 2019.
  13. ^ "Statistics Overview | Statistics Center | HIV/AIDS | CDC". 2018-12-31.
  14. ^ "India". www.unaids.org.
  15. ^ "The epidemiology of HIV in Canada". www.catie.ca. Retrieved 2019-10-08.
  16. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2020-01-26. Retrieved 2020-01-25.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  17. ^ "Nye tilfælde af HIV blandt unge". Naalakkersuisut. 13 October 2019. Retrieved 22 November 2019.
  18. ^ "HIV and AIDS prevelance in Norway". Avert. 2017-12-31. Retrieved 2020-11-27.
  19. ^ "Hiv - opgørelse over sygdomsforekomst 2018". Statens Serum Institut. 30 October 2019. Retrieved 22 November 2019.
  20. ^ "HIV cases a growing concern for Fijians: minister - Xinhua | English.news.cn". www.xinhuanet.com.
  21. ^ "HIV月報105-03(更新).PDF".
  22. ^ the estimated PLWH (People Living with HIV/AIDS) infected population in China has risen to >1.25 million at the end of 2018. "The Enigma of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Epidemic in China". Clinical Infectious Diseases. 2020-06-22.
  23. ^ "Over 400 people in Malta have HIV". Times of Malta.
  24. ^ "Around 3,750 HIV/AIDS cases in Lebanon | News, Lebanon News | THE DAILY STAR". www.dailystar.com.lb.
  25. ^ Calculated based on data from https://www.czso.cz/documents/10180/121768532/1300642007.pdf/c80aeca5-b529-46c1-a58c-fc78e8024284?version=1.1
  26. ^ Graphs for the annual report on the occurrence and spread of HIV AIDS in the Czech Republic in 2019
  27. ^ a b "U Crnoj Gori sa HIV-om žive 243 osobe, omogućeno besplatno testiranje i savjetovanje". Cafe del Montenegro.
  28. ^ "CAZAS: Prošle godine 26 HIV/AIDS slučajeva, četiri osobe preminule". Cafe del Montenegro.
  29. ^ "Statistics on HIV/AIDS". Swiss AIDS Federation.

Sources[edit]

Public Domain This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook website https://www.cia.gov/the-world-factbook/.

External links[edit]