List of countries by Sen social welfare function

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The social welfare function, proposed by Amartya Sen in 1973, is a measure of a society's overall welfare.

Methodology[edit]

It is calculated as the product of GDP per capita and the difference between 1 and the society's gini coefficient:

The table below shows Sen's social welfare function using data from the CIA and another version using data from the IMF and UN. The GDP per capita numbers are adjusted for purchasing power parity.

Countries 2015[edit]

GNI per capita PPP multiplied by (1 - Gini), using the latest data available for each country up to 2015 mostly from http://www.wolframalpha.com/input/?i=countries+(gni+per+capita+ppp)*(1-gini)


1 | Qatar | $82884 per year per person

x | Macau | $78578 per year per person

2 | Luxembourg | $49242 per year per person

3 | Norway | $47861 per year per person

4 | Singapore | $43518 per year per person

5 | Switzerland | $42335 per year per person

6 | Netherlands | $34853 per year per person

7 | Sweden | $34443 per year per person

8 | Denmark | $33907 per year per person

9 | Germany | $33719 per year per person

10 | Iceland | $33695 per year per person

11 | United States | $33260 per year per person

12 | Austria | $33029 per year per person

13 | Belgium | $31933 per year per person

14 | Ireland | $31317 per year per person

xx | Taiwan | $31063 per year per person

15 | Finland | $29764 per year per person

16 | Canada | $29161 per year per person

xx | Saudi Arabia| $28906 per year per person

17 | Australia | $28997 per year per person

18 | United Kingdom | $27343 per year per person

19 | France | $27074 per year per person

20 | Hong Kong | $26692 per year per person

21 | Japan | $26389 per year per person

22 | South Korea | $23738 per year per person

23 | Italy | $23245 per year per person

24 | Slovenia | $22941 per year per person

25 | New Zealand | $22775 per year per person

26 | Czech Republic | $22471 per year per person

27 | Spain | $22112 per year per person

28 | Slovakia | $20834 per year per person

29 | Cyprus | $20259 per year per person

30 | Israel | $19993 per year per person

31 | Estonia | $18390 per year per person

32 | Portugal | $18286 per year per person

33 | Kazakhstan | $17867 per year per person

34 | Trinidad and Tobago | $17698 per year per person

35 | Lithuania | $17289 per year per person

36 | Poland | $17173 per year per person

37 | Hungary | $17106 per year per person

38 | Greece | $16963 per year per person

39 | Latvia | $15627 per year per person

40 | Romania | $15188 per year per person

41 | Croatia | $14781 per year per person

42 | Seychelles | $14742 per year per person

43 | Azerbaijan | $14288 per year per person

44 | Malaysia | $14048 per year per person

45 | Russia | $13896 per year per person

46 | Belarus | $12460 per year per person

47 | Mauritius | $12376 per year per person

48 | Uruguay | $11835 per year per person

49 | Turkey | $11583 per year per person

50 | Iran | $10901 per year per person

51 | Gabon | $10876 per year per person

52 | Chile | $10772 per year per person

53 | Bulgaria | $10744 per year per person

54 | Montenegro | $10616 per year per person

55 | Iraq | $10463 per year per person

56 | Panama | $10009 per year per person

57 | Venezuela | $9408 per year per person

58 | Turkmenistan | $9335 per year per person

59 | Thailand | $9239 per year per person

60 | Algeria | $9235 per year per person

61 | Serbia | $9005 per year per person

62 | Mexico | $8906 per year per person

63 | Albania | $7914 per year per person

64 | Macedonia | $7592 per year per person

65 | Costa Rica | $7562 per year per person

66 | China | $7519 per year per person

67 | Egypt | $7403 per year per person

68 | Mongolia | $7334 per year per person

69 | Kosovo | $7212 per year per person

70 | Dominican Republic | $7183 per year per person

71 | Suriname | $7151 per year per person

72 | Maldives | $7150 per year per person

73 | Jordan | $7125 per year per person

74 | Bosnia and Herzegovina | $7104 per year per person

75 | Tunisia | $7099 per year per person

76 | Brazil | $7079 per year per person

77 | Sri Lanka | $7051 per year per person

78 | Indonesia | $6881 per year per person

79 | Argentina | $6771 per year per person

80 | Peru | $6610 per year per person

81 | Colombia | $6288 per year per person

82 | Saint Lucia | $6213 per year per person

83 | Botswana | $6168 per year per person

84 | Armenia | $5970 per year per person

85 | Ecuador | $5898 per year per person

86 | Ukraine | $5893 per year per person

87 | Georgia | $5643 per year per person

88 | Philippines | $5069 per year per person

89 | Fiji | $4978 per year per person

90 | Jamaica | $4832 per year per person

91 | South Africa | $4698 per year per person

92 | Bhutan | $4669 per year per person

93 | El Salvador | $4643 per year per person

94 | Morocco | $4553 per year per person

95 | Paraguay | $4482 per year per person

96 | Guyana | $4170 per year per person

97 | Namibia | $4051 per year per person

98 | India | $3979 per year per person

99 | Uzbekistan | $3955 per year per person

100 | Swaziland | $3903 per year per person

101 | Moldova | $3824 per year per person

102 | Republic of the Congo | $3770 per year per person

103 | Pakistan | $3767 per year per person

104 | Angola | $3695 per year per person

105 | Belize | $3683 per year per person

106 | Guatemala | $3579 per year per person

107 | Bolivia | $3553 per year per person

108 | Vietnam | $3488 per year per person

109 | Laos | $3342 per year per person

110 | West Bank | $3323 per year per person

111 | Nigeria | $3308 per year per person

112 | Samoa | $3278 per year per person

113 | Tonga | $3275 per year per person

114 | Syria | $2897 per year per person

115 | Nicaragua | $2741 per year per person

116 | Sudan | $2636 per year per person

117 | East Timor | $2614 per year per person

118 | Kiribati | $2589 per year per person

119 | Cape Verde | $2439 per year per person

120 | Bangladesh | $2415 per year per person

121 | Kyrgyzstan | $2397 per year per person

122 | Yemen | $2346 per year per person

123 | Ghana | $2329 per year per person

124 | Mauritania | $2319 per year per person

125 | Tajikistan | $2298 per year per person

126 | Cambodia | $2278 per year per person

127 | Honduras | $2196 per year per person

128 | São Tomé and Príncipe | $2186 per year per person

129 | Vanuatu | $1910 per year per person

130 | Ivory Coast | $1841 per year per person

131 | Cameroon | $1761 per year per person

132 | Nepal | $1681 per year per person

133 | Tanzania | $1630 per year per person

134 | Zambia | $1624 per year per person

135 | Mali | $1580 per year per person

136 | Kenya | $1576 per year per person

137 | Papua New Guinea | $1571 per year per person

138 | Lesotho | $1448 per year per person

139 | Afghanistan | $1436 per year per person

140 | Senegal | $1427 per year per person

141 | Micronesia | $1398 per year per person

142 | Djibouti | $1218 per year per person

143 | Chad | $1196 per year per person

144 | Benin | $1188 per year per person

145 | Solomon Islands | $1175 per year per person

146 | Ethiopia | $1083 per year per person

147 | Sierra Leone | $1030 per year per person

148 | Uganda | $1026 per year per person

149 | Burkina Faso | $988 per year per person

150 | South Sudan | $888 per year per person

151 | Zimbabwe | $848 per year per person

152 | Rwanda | $837 per year per person

153 | Gambia | $832 per year per person

154 | Madagascar | $831 per year per person

155 | Guinea | $742 per year per person

156 | Guinea-Bissau | $715 per year per person

157 | Togo | $713 per year per person

158 | Haiti | $690 per year per person

159 | Niger | $651 per year per person

160 | Mozambique | $637 per year per person

161 | Comoros | $630 per year per person

162 | Malawi | $614 per year per person

163 | Burundi | $486 per year per person

164 | Liberia | $457 per year per person

xxx | North Korea | $450 per year per person (Gini estimated at 0.75 from https://piie.com/blogs/north-korea-witness-transformation/distribution-income-north-korea)

165 | Democratic Republic of the Congo | $417 per year per person

166 | Central African Republic | $263 per year per person

Countries 2006[edit]

Country IMFgdpPC CIAgdpPC UN_gini CIA_gini SenIMF_UN Sen_CIA
 Zimbabwe 188 200 0.501 0.568 93.81 86.4
 Burundi 372 300 0.424 0.424 214.27 172.8
 Sierra Leone 693 600 0.629 0.629 257.1 222.6
 Central African Republic 726 700 0.613 0.613 280.96 270.9
 Niger 667 700 0.505 0.505 330.17 346.5
 Mozambique 843 800 0.473 0.473 444.26 421.6
 Rwanda 899 800 0.468 0.468 478.27 425.6
 Madagascar 979 900 0.475 0.475 513.98 472.5
 Malawi 793 800 0.390 0.390 483.73 488
 Ethiopia 807 700 0.300 0.300 564.9 490
 Lesotho 1286 1400 0.632 0.632 473.25 515.2
   Nepal 1078 1000 0.472 0.472 569.18 528
 Haiti 1292 1300 0.592 0.592 527.14 530.4
 Uganda 1059 1000 0.457 0.457 575.04 543
 Mali 1038 1100 0.401 0.401 621.76 658.9
 Guinea 974 1100 0.386 0.381 598.04 680.9
 Zambia 1323 1400 0.508 0.508 650.92 688.8
 Burkina Faso 1206 1200 0.395 0.395 729.63 726
 Ghana 1426 1400 0.408 0.408 844.19 828.8
 Tanzania 1256 1300 0.346 0.346 821.42 850.2
 Benin 1548 1400 0.365 0.365 982.98 889
 Bangladesh 1311 1400 0.334 0.334 873.13 932.4
 Cote d'Ivoire 1737 1700 0.446 0.446 962.3 941.8
 Kenya 1673 1700 0.425 0.445 961.98 943.5
 Senegal 1692 1700 0.413 0.413 993.2 997.9
 Papua New Guinea 1974 2100 0.509 0.509 969.23 1031.1
 Tajikistan 1843 1600 0.326 0.326 1242.18 1078.4
 Mauritania 2011 1800 0.390 0.390 1226.71 1098
 Cambodia 1818 1900 0.417 0.417 1059.89 1107.7
 Nigeria 2028 2100 0.437 0.437 1141.76 1182.3
 Cameroon 2094 2200 0.446 0.446 1160.08 1218.8
 Laos 2054 2000 0.346 0.346 1343.32 1308
 Kyrgyzstan 2000 2000 0.303 0.303 1394 1394
 Uzbekistan 2390 2400 0.368 0.368 1510.48 1516.8
 Namibia 5250 5200 0.743 0.707 1349.25 1523.6
 Moldova 2897 2300 0.332 0.332 1935.2 1536.4
 Timor-Leste 2506 2500 0.380 1550
 Nicaragua 2629 2800 0.431 0.431 1495.9 1593.2
 Vietnam 2589 2600 0.344 0.370 1698.38 1638
 India 2563 2600 0.368 0.368 1619.82 1643.2
 Paraguay 4510 4000 0.584 0.584 1876.16 1664
 Yemen 2343 2500 0.334 0.334 1560.44 1665
 Pakistan 2594 2400 0.306 0.306 1800.24 1665.6
 Philippines 3383 3200 0.445 0.445 1877.57 1776
 Bolivia 4084 4400 0.601 0.592 1629.52 1795.2
 Mongolia 3222 2900 0.328 0.328 2165.18 1948.8
 Honduras 4085 4300 0.538 0.538 1887.27 1986.6
 Sri Lanka 4265 4000 0.402 0.500 2550.47 2000
 Guyana 3841 3700 0.432 2101.6
 Morocco 4094 3700 0.395 0.400 2476.87 2220
 Guatemala 4702 5100 0.551 0.551 2111.2 2289.9
 Indonesia 3728 3600 0.343 0.363 2449.3 2293.2
 Swaziland 5401 4700 0.504 0.504 2678.9 2331.2
 Georgia 4694 4400 0.404 0.404 2797.62 2622.4
 El Salvador 5847 6000 0.524 0.524 2783.17 2856
 Jordan 4906 4700 0.388 0.388 3002.47 2876.4
 Turkmenistan 5172 5300 0.408 0.408 3061.82 3137.6
 Dominican Republic 8116 6600 0.516 0.516 3928.14 3194.4
 Egypt 5495 5000 0.344 0.344 3604.72 3280
 Colombia 7968 7400 0.586 0.538 3298.75 3418.8
 Armenia 4946 5800 0.338 0.410 3274.25 3422
 Peru 7809 7600 0.520 0.520 3748.32 3648
 Ecuador 7242 7200 0.536 0.460 3360.29 3888
 Jamaica 7688 7400 0.455 0.455 4189.96 4033
 South Africa 9767 9700 0.578 0.578 4121.67 4093.4
 Brazil 9703 9500 0.570 0.567 4172.29 4113.5
 Albania 6298 5800 0.311 0.267 4339.32 4251.4
 Algeria 6539 6700 0.353 0.353 4230.73 4334.9
 Tunisia 7535 7400 0.398 0.400 4536.07 4440
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 7074 6100 0.262 0.262 5220.61 4501.8
 Thailand 7907 8000 0.420 0.420 4586.06 4640
 Panama 10351 10700 0.561 0.561 4544.09 4697.3
 Ukraine 6968 7000 0.281 0.310 5009.99 4830
 Azerbaijan 7618 8000 0.365 0.365 4837.43 5080
 Botswana 16516 14300 0.605 0.630 6523.82 5291
 Costa Rica 10358 11100 0.498 0.498 5199.72 5572.2
 Uruguay 11674 10800 0.449 0.452 6432.37 5918.4
 Chile 13921 14300 0.549 0.549 6278.37 6449.3
 Venezuela 12176 12800 0.482 0.482 6307.17 6630.4
 Iran 10570 11700 0.430 0.430 6024.9 6669
 Argentina 13318 13100 0.513 0.490 6485.87 6681
 Mexico 14120 12400 0.461 0.461 7610.68 6683.6
 Turkey 12858 12000 0.436 0.436 7251.91 6768
 Mauritius 11126 11300 0.370 7119
 Kazakhstan 10837 11000 0.339 0.339 7163.26 7271
 Serbia 10071 10400 0.300 7280
 Belarus 10949 10600 0.297 0.297 7697.15 7451.8
 Romania 11401 11100 0.310 0.310 7866.69 7659
 Malaysia 13385 14500 0.492 0.461 6799.58 7815.5
 Bulgaria 11311 11800 0.292 0.316 8008.19 8071.2
 Russia 14705 14800 0.399 0.410 8837.71 8732
 Poland 16316 16200 0.345 0.360 10686.98 10368
 Lithuania 17733 16800 0.360 0.360 11349.12 10752
 Croatia 15532 15500 0.290 0.290 11027.72 11005
 Latvia 17488 17700 0.377 0.377 10895.02 11027.1
 Portugal 21779 21800 0.385 0.380 13394.09 13516
 Hungary 19020 19300 0.269 0.280 13903.62 13896
 Estonia 20584 21800 0.358 0.340 13214.93 14388
 Slovakia 20268 20200 0.258 0.260 15038.86 14948
 Israel 27147 26600 0.392 0.386 16505.38 16332.4
 Malta 23026 23400 0.280 16848
 New Zealand 26611 27200 0.362 0.362 16977.82 17353.6
 Czech Republic 24229 24500 0.254 0.260 18074.83 18130
 Cyprus 27171 27100 0.290 19241
 Hong Kong 42124 42000 0.434 0.523 23842.18 20034
 Greece 29146 30600 0.343 0.330 19148.92 20502
 Italy 30365 30900 0.360 0.330 19433.6 20703
 Japan 33596 33500 0.249 0.381 25230.6 20736.5
 Slovenia 27227 28000 0.284 0.240 19494.53 21280
 Spain 30118 33600 0.347 0.320 19667.05 22848
 United Kingdom 35634 35000 0.360 0.340 22805.76 23100
 France 33509 32600 0.327 0.280 22551.56 23472
 Australia 36226 37300 0.352 0.352 23474.45 24170.4
 Germany 34212 34100 0.283 0.280 24530 24552
 United States 45725 45800 0.408 0.450 27069.2 25190
 Belgium 35388 36200 0.330 0.280 23709.96 26064
 Canada 38614 38600 0.326 0.321 26025.84 26209.4
  Switzerland 41265 40100 0.337 0.337 27358.7 26586.3
 Finland 35349 36000 0.269 0.260 25840.12 26640
 Netherlands 38995 39000 0.309 0.309 26945.55 26949
 Denmark 37265 37200 0.247 0.240 28060.55 28272
 Singapore 49754 49900 0.425 0.425 28608.55 28692.5
 Sweden 36578 37500 0.250 0.230 27433.5 28875
 Austria 38181 39300 0.291 0.260 27070.33 29082
 Iceland 39168 40400 0.250 30300
 Ireland 43414 46600 0.343 0.320 28523 31688
 Norway 53152 53300 0.258 0.280 39438.78 38376
 Luxembourg 79660 79400 0.260 58756
 Guinea-Bissau 484 600 0.470 256.52
 Trinidad and Tobago 18385 25400 0.389 11233.24

References[edit]