List of countries by alcohol consumption per capita

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This is a list of countries by alcohol consumption measured in equivalent litres of pure alcohol (ethanol) consumed per capita per year.

World Health Organization (WHO) data[edit]

The World Health Organization periodically publishes The Global Status Report on Alcohol:

  • 1999 was first published by WHO in 1999 with data from 1996.[1]
  • 2004 is the second global status report on alcohol published in 2004 with data from 2003.[2]
  • 2011 is the third global report on alcohol published in 2011 with data from 2010.[3]
  • 2014 is the fourth global report on alcohol published in 2014 data from 2010.[4]
  • 2018 is the fifth global report on alcohol published in 2018 with data from 2016.[5]

Worldwide[edit]

Percentage of current drinkers among the total population (15+ years)[6]

Countries[edit]

Recorded per capita consumption of pure alcohol (litres) per adult 15 years of age and over per year
Country 1996[7] 2016[8]
 Afghanistan 0.2
 Albania 2.59 7.5
 Algeria 0.27 0.9
 Andorra 11.3
 Angola 1.58 6.4
 Antigua and Barbuda 7.0
 Argentina 9.58 9.8
 Armenia 0.84 5.5
 Australia 9.55 10.6
 Austria 11.90 11.6
 Azerbaijan 4.16 0.8
 Bahamas 4.4
 Bahrain 1.9
 Bangladesh 0.0
 Barbados 8.37 9.6
 Bhutan 0.6
 Belarus 8.14 11.2
 Belgium 10.94 12.1
 Belize 5.85 6.7
 Benin 1.39 3.0
 Bolivia 3.35 4.8
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 8.25 6.4
 Botswana 2.68 8.4
 Brazil 5.57 7.8
 Brunei 0.75 0.4
 Bulgaria 9.52 12.7
 Burkina Faso 0.45 8.2
 Burundi 1.17 7.5
 Cambodia 0.34 6.7
 Cameroon 1.58 8.9
 Canada 7.52 8.9
 Cape Verde 3.86 5.7
 Central African Republic 0.70 3.3
 Chad 0.23 1.5
 Chile 7.06 9.3
 China 5.39 7.2
 Colombia 6.41 5.8
 Comoros 0.9
 Congo 1.56 7.8
 Cook Islands 10.6
 Costa Rica 5.72 4.8
 Ivory Coast 1.43 8.4
 Croatia 11.75 8.9
 Cuba 3.53 6.1
 Cyprus 10.00 10.8
 Czech Republic 14.35 14.4
 Denmark 12.15 10.4
 Djibouti 0.47 0.5
 Dominica 8.2
 Dominican Republic 5.90 6.9
 DR Congo 0.21 2.6
 Ecuador 1.66 4.4
 Egypt 0.53 0.4
 Equatorial Guinea 11.3
 El Salvador 2.54 3.7
 Eritrea 0.95 1.3
 Estonia[a] 8.07 11.6
 Eswatini[b] 1.18 9.9
 Ethiopia 1.02 2.8
 Fiji 1.82 3.0
 Finland 8.26 10.7
 France 13.74 12.6
 Gabon 6.76 11.5
 Gambia 0.16 3.8
 Georgia 4.50 9.8
 Germany 11.67 13.4
 Ghana 0.41 2.7
 Greece 10.41 10.4
 Grenada 9.3
 Guatemala 1.99 2.4
 Guinea 0.17 1.3
 Guinea-Bissau 1.59 4.8
 Guyana 14.03 6.3
 Haiti 6.55 5.8
 Honduras 2.41 4.0
 Hungary 12.85 11.4
 Iceland 4.88 9.1
 India 0.99 5.7
 Indonesia 0.13 0.8
 Iran 1.0
 Iraq 0.61 0.4
 Ireland 11.90 13.0
 Israel 1.75 3.8
 Italy 9.62 7.5
 Jamaica 3.90 4.2
 Japan 7.85 8.0
 Jordan 0.7
 Kazakhstan 7.71 7.7
 Kenya 1.66 3.4
 Kiribati 0.4
 Kuwait 0.0
 Kyrgyzstan 2.20 6.2
 Laos 4.12 10.4
 Latvia 8.70 12.9
 Lebanon 5.43 1.5
 Lesotho 1.12 5.0
 Liberia 5.68 5.8
 Libya 0.0
 Lithuania 6.23 15.0
 Luxembourg 14.35 13.0
 Macedonia 4.86 8.1
 Madagascar 1.25 1.9
 Malawi 0.42 3.7
 Malaysia 0.87 0.9
 Maldives 2.08 2.7
 Mali 1.3
 Malta 6.91 8.1
 Mauritania 0.0
 Mauritius 4.33 3.6
 Mexico 5.04 6.5
 Micronesia 2.5
 Moldova 8.62 15.2
 Mongolia 1.95 7.4
 Montenegro 8.0
 Morocco 0.58 0.6
 Mozambique 0.45 2.4
 Myanmar 0.21 4.8
 Namibia 9.8
 Nauru 6.0
   Nepal 2.0
 Netherlands 9.80 8.7
 Netherlands Antilles 8.78
 New Caledonia 11.26
 New Zealand 8.85 10.7
 Nicaragua 2.34 5.2
 Niger 0.5
 Nigeria 0.66 13.4
 Niue 7.0
 North Korea 2.56 3.9
 Norway 4.97 7.5
 Oman 0.8
 Pakistan 0.3
 Panama 5.74 7.9
 Papua New Guinea 1.02 1.2
 Paraguay 9.71 7.2
 Peru 4.00 6.3
 Philippines 6.77 6.6
 Poland 7.93 11.6
 Portugal 13.57 12.3
 Qatar 2.0
 Romania 10.88 12.6
 Russia 8.08 11.7
 Rwanda 0.71 9.0
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 9.4
 Saint Lucia 9.9
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 8.2
 Samoa 2.5
 São Tomé and Príncipe 6.8
 Saudi Arabia 0.2
 Senegal 0.41 0.7
 Serbia 11.1
 Seychelles 13.8
 Sierra Leone 5.7
 Singapore 2.10 2.5
 Slovakia 13.00 11.5
 Slovenia 15.15 12.6
 Solomon Islands 0.56 1.4
 Somalia 0.0
 South Africa 7.72 9.3
 South Korea 14.40 10.2
 Spain 11.09 10.0
 Sri Lanka 0.21 4.3
 Sudan 0.26 0.5
 Suriname 4.68 5.1
 Syria 0.21 0.3
 Sweden 6.04 9.2
  Switzerland 11.27 11.5
 Tajikistan 1.78 3.3
 Tanzania 0.60 9.4
 Thailand 8.64 8.3
 East Timor 2.1
 Togo 1.01 3.1
 Tonga 1.5
 Trinidad and Tobago 3.69 8.4
 Tunisia 0.89 1.9
 Turkey 1.35 2.0
 Turkmenistan 1.17 5.4
 Tuvalu 1.7
 Uganda 0.46 9.5
 Ukraine 2.31 8.6
 United Arab Emirates 3.06 3.8
 United Kingdom 11.4
 United States 8.90 9.8
 Uruguay 8.17 10.8
 Uzbekistan 1.55 2.7
 Vanuatu 0.96 1.0
 Venezuela 9.41 5.6
 Vietnam 1.21 8.3
 Yemen 0.15 0.1
 Zambia 0.63 4.8
 Zimbabwe 2.78 4.8
  1. ^ Estimates for Estonia are from 1995.
  2. ^ Officially named Swaziland until April 2018.

Comprehensive list with data from 2016[edit]

The table below for 189 countries uses 2016 data from the WHO report published in 2018. The methodology used by the WHO calculated use by persons 15 years of age or older. All data in columns refer to year 2016. The column "recorded" refers to the average recorded consumption for the period 2010. Unrecorded consumption (homebrew, moonshine, smuggled alcohol, surrogate alcohol etc.) was calculated using expert judgements and surveys. Total is the sum of the recorded and unrecorded consumption. The next four columns are a breakdown of the recorded alcohol consumption by type. Beer refers to malt beer, wine refers to grape wine, spirits refers to all distilled beverages such as vodka and similar products, and the column "other" refers to all other alcoholic beverages, such as rice wine, soju, sake, mead, cider, kvass, and African beers (kumi kumi, kwete, banana beer, millet beer, umqombothi etc.). Worldwide consumption in 2016 was equal to 6.4 litres of pure alcohol consumed per person aged 15 years or older.

Pure alcohol consumption among persons (age 15+) in litres per capita per year, 2016[9]
Country Total Recorded
consumption
Unrecorded
consumption
Beer
(%)
Wine
(%)
Spirits
(%)
Other
(%)
2020
projection
2025
projection
 Estonia 16.9 15.8 1.1 32.7 7.4 50.3 9.6 11.5 11.9
 Lithuania 15 13.8 1.2 43.6 7.3 37.1 12.1 14.4 13.9
 Czech Republic 14.3 12.4 1.4 53.3 21.3 25.4 0 11.2 11.4
 Seychelles 13.8 12.4 1.4 68.9 22.4 6.3 2.5 10.4 10.6
 Germany 13.4 11.3 1.4 52.6 28.4 18.9 0 12.8 12.6
 Nigeria 13.4 9.6 3.8 7.9 0.4 0.6 91.1 13 12.5
 Ireland 13 11.3 1.4 47 28 18.8 6.2 13.5 13.9
 Moldova 13 11.5 1.4 35.4 44.6 20 0 12.6 12.4
 Latvia 12.9 11.1 1.9 42.8 11.1 40 6.1 14 15.1
 Bulgaria 12.7 11.4 1.3 38.8 17.2 42.9 1.2 13 13.4
 France 12.6 11.8 1.5 18.8 58.8 20.7 1.7 12.3 12.1
 Romania 12.6 10.4 2.2 55.6 28.1 16.4 0 13.2 13.8
 Slovenia 12.6 10.8 1.8 41.4 50.6 8 0 11.6 10.6
 Portugal 12.3 10.6 2.1 26.1 61.5 7.7 4.7 11.8 11.0
 Luxembourg 12.3 10.6 2.1 26.1 61.5 7.7 4.7 11.8 11
 Belgium 12.1 10.4 1 44.4 38.3 14.2 3.1 12.2 12.3
 Russia 11.7 8.1 3.6 39.0 12.8 38.6 9.5 12.3 12.4
 Austria 11.6 11.4 0.4 53.5 31.6 14.9 0 11.7 11.4
 Poland 11.6 10.4 1.7 56.1 7.8 36.1 0 12 12.7
 Gabon 11.5 9.5 1.9 76.3 9.2 13.4 1.1 10.7 10.9
 Slovakia 11.5 10.4 1.6 33.7 20.9 41.9 3.5 11.2 11.3
  Switzerland 11.5 9.5 1.2 32.1 48.1 18.5 1.2 10.9 10.3
 Hungary 11.4 10.9 1.5 35.5 32.2 32.3 0 11.2 10.9
 United Kingdom 11.4 9.8 1.1 35 35.7 22.5 6.7 11.5 11.8
 Andorra 11.3 10.1 1.6 34.1 42 23.9 0 11 10.5
 Equatorial Guinea 11.3 9.9 1.4 83 17 0 0 11.8 12.4
 Belarus 11.2 9.6 1.5 22.8 2.2 49 26 12.4 13.2
 Serbia 11.1 9.2 1.8 32 42.5 25.4 0.1 11.3 11.6
 Cyprus 10.8 9.6 1.8 29.7 28.4 41.9 0 11 11.6
 Uruguay 10.8 9 1.9 35.2 43.7 21.1 0 12.1 13.3
 Finland 10.7 8.4 2 48.8 20.6 21.5 9.1 10.8 10.9
 New Zealand 10.7 9.1 1.3 37.4 33.4 28.9 0.3 10.6 10.4
 Australia 10.6 9.6 0.8 39.9 37.5 12.9 9.8 10.5 10.3
 Cook Islands 10.6 10 0.6 31.7 16.1 52.2 0 16.2 18.3
 Denmark 10.4 9.5 1.2 37.4 44.7 17.1 0.8 10.3 10.3
 Greece 10.4 6.4 4.3 31.5 45.5 21.8 1.3 10.7 10.8
 Laos 10.4 7 3.4 50.1 0 49.8 0 10.5 10.9
 South Korea 10.2 9.1 1.2 41.3 21.3 25.4 78.5 14.4 14.4
 Spain 10 8.5 1.8 54.2 18 27.8 0 9.6 8.9
 Eswatini 9.9 7.4 2.7 24.6 16.1 0 59.3 10 10.1
 Saint Lucia 9.9 9.7 1.5 35.4 13.2 50 1.4 9.6 9.1
 Argentina 9.8 8.4 1.3 39.9 40.2 9.6 10.3 10 10.3
 Georgia 9.8 7.4 2.3 18.4 43 38.5 0.1 10.5 11.6
 Namibia 9.8 7.8 2 60.2 10.4 13.9 15.6 9.2 8.5
 United States 9.8 8.8 0.8 47 18.1 34.9 0 10.1 10.3
 Barbados 9.6 9.2 1.4 37.6 10.5 50 1.9 9.9 10.5
 Uganda 9.5 7.6 1.8 11 0.1 3.1 85.8 9.8 10.3
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 9.4 8.9 0.5 47.8 6.5 43.4 2.3 9.7 10.3
 Tanzania 9.4 6.2 3.2 12.2 0.4 1.6 85.8 9.6 9.9
 Chile 9.3 7.9 1.4 36.1 33.1 30.8 0 9.2 9.1
 Grenada 9.3 8.8 1.4 40.9 7 48.3 3.8 9.4 9.6
 South Africa 9.3 7.1 2.2 56 18.5 17.8 7.6 9.2 9
 Sweden 9.2 7.2 2 36.4 47.8 14.1 1.7 9.8 10.1
 Iceland 9.1 7.7 1.5 56.5 27.9 15.5 0 9.5 10.6
 Rwanda 9 6.9 2.1 14.8 0.2 2.7 82.3 8.4 7.6
 Cameroon 8.9 6.5 2.4 43.5 1.4 0.1 54.9 9.5 10.2
 Canada 8.9 8.1 0.9 45.1 25.6 25.6 3.7 9.1 9.2
 Croatia 8.9 9.9 1.4 44.5 39 13 3.5 8.8 8.2
 Netherlands 8.7 7.5 0.6 47.8 35.8 16.4 0 9 8.8
 Ukraine 8.6 5.4 3.1 42.3 5.4 51.5 0.8 9.5 10
 Botswana 8.4 6.2 2.2 48.1 23.5 4.4 24 10 11.8
 Ivory Coast 8.4 4.8 3.6 21.9 5 0.2 72.9 8.4 8.5
 Trinidad and Tobago 8.4 7.3 1.1 57.9 3.3 37.1 1.7 9 9.5
 Thailand 8.3 6.6 1.7 28.3 2.7 68.9 0 8.7 9.3
 Vietnam 8.3 3.1 5.3 91.5 0.8 7.7 0 9.9 11.4
 Burkina Faso 8.2 4.9 3.3 18 2.7 5 74.2 8.2 8.3
 Dominica 8.2 7.3 1.8 11.1 0 88.9 0 7.5 6.9
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 8.2 7.4 1.4 36.6 3.6 57.2 2.6 8.4 8.7
 Malta 8.1 7.8 1.2 36.4 29.9 28.7 4.9 8.3 8.5
 North Macedonia 8.1 4.9 3.6 35.3 46.6 17.4 0.7 7.5 6.6
 Japan 8 6.9 1.1 18.2 5.5 40 36.3 8 7.9
 Montenegro 8 6.4 1.7 10.8 43.1 44.1 2 7.9 7.9
 Panama 7.9 6.8 1.2 76.9 3.5 19.4 0.3 8 8.4
 Brazil 7.8 6.5 1.2 61.8 3.4 34.3 0.5 7.8 8.3
 Congo 7.8 4.9 3 84.4 4.7 10.3 0.6 7.8 8.2
 Kazakhstan 7.7 5.8 1.9 30.5 6.5 62.9 0 8.1 8.8
 Albania 7.5 5 2.5 34.3 26.5 37.6 1.7 8.3 9.2
 Burundi 7.5 4.1 3.4 39.3 0.1 0.1 60.5 7 6.6
 Italy 7.5 7.1 0.5 25.4 64.8 9.8 0 7 6.1
 Norway 7.5 6 1.1 43.9 36.7 16.7 2.7 7.8 8.2
 Mongolia 7.4 5.7 1.7 43.6 1.9 54.5 0 6.2 9.1
 China 7.2 5.7 1.5 29.6 3.1 67.2 0 7.5 8.1
 Paraguay 7.2 5.7 1.7 54.2 17.4 27.3 1.1 8.3 9.7
 Antigua and Barbuda 7 8.4 1.2 33 18.3 45.4 3.2 7.6 8.4
 Niue 7 6 1 56.3 13.1 30.6 0 7 7
 Dominican Republic 6.9 5.7 1.3 52.2 4.4 41.9 1.5 7.3 8
 São Tomé and Príncipe 6.8 4.9 2 19.8 80.2 0 0 7.1 7.4
 Belize 6.7 6.2 1.4 69.1 1.9 26.7 2.3 7 7.2
 Cambodia 6.7 3.5 3.2 88.1 0.6 11.2 0.1 7.2 8.1
 Philippines 6.6 4.5 2.1 27.3 0.4 72 0.3 6.8 7
 Mexico 6.5 5.4 1.4 77.1 2.1 20.4 0.5 7 7.7
 Angola 6.4 5 1.4 70.3 17.6 11.3 0.8 6.1 6.6
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 6.4 4.4 1.8 75.8 8.6 12.4 3.2 7 7.8
 Guyana 6.3 5.1 1.2 48.4 0.2 50.8 0.6 6.3 6.1
 Peru 6.3 5.1 1.2 60.1 8.1 31.8 0 6.3 6.4
 Kyrgyzstan 6.2 4.1 2.1 11.6 2.2 86.2 0 6.5 7.4
 Cuba 6.1 4.7 1.5 37.3 4.9 57.4 0.4 6.1 6.4
 Nauru 6 3.5 2.5 22 3.7 74.3 0 0 6.3
 Colombia 5.8 4.4 1.4 71.3 1.1 27.2 0.3 5.6 5.3
 Haiti 5.8 5.8 0 2.3 0.3 97.3 0.1 5.9 6
 Liberia 5.8 3.5 2.2 9.4 1.8 88.2 0.6 5.4 4.9
 Cape Verde 5.7 4.1 1.6 55 45 0 0 6 6.2
 India 5.7 3 2.6 7.5 0.1 92.4 0 6.6 7.9
 Sierra Leone 5.7 3.4 2.2 4 1.1 0 94.9 5.2 4.7
 Venezuela 5.6 4.6 1.1 69.2 0.3 29.2 1.3 4.5 3.9
 Armenia 5.5 3.8 1.7 10.6 7 82.3 0.1 5.7 6.1
 Turkmenistan 5.4 3.4 2 26.8 35.1 38 0 6 6.8
 Nicaragua 5.2 3.8 1.4 39.7 0.8 59.5 0.1 5.4 5.8
 Suriname 5.1 4.3 0.9 44.9 3.5 48.8 2.8 5.1 5.1
 Lesotho 5 3 2 57.4 3.2 10.5 28.9 4.6 4.6
 Bolivia 4.8 3.6 1.2 72.8 4.3 21.3 1.6 4.9 5.2
 Costa Rica 4.8 3.7 1.1 64.1 7.2 27.9 0.8 4.8 4.8
 Guinea-Bissau 4.8 2.8 1.9 13.7 31.3 13.7 41.2 4.8 4.8
 Myanmar 4.8 1.6 3.2 22.4 9.8 67.7 0 5.9 6.4
 Zambia 4.8 2.9 2 36.4 2.7 0.4 60.4 4.8 4.7
 Zimbabwe 4.8 3.6 1.3 62.8 1.3 12 23.9 4.5 4.2
 Bahamas 4.4 8.6 1.2 39.2 16.6 41.2 3 4.4 4.3
 Ecuador 4.4 3.3 1.1 79.9 1.5 17.8 0.7 4.5 5.1
 Sri Lanka 4.3 2.7 1.6 13.2 0.3 84.9 1.5 4.6 5.1
 Jamaica 4.2 3.4 1.1 36.3 4.8 54.2 4.6 4.1 4
 Honduras 4 2.9 1.2 46.6 1.2 52.1 0.1 4.1 4.3
 North Korea 3.9 3.4 0.5 2.7 0 97.3 0 3.6 3.3
 Gambia 3.8 3 0.9 8.5 2.1 0 89.4 3.9 4.1
 Israel 3.8 2.6 1.2 54.4 4.7 39.5 1.4 4 4.3
 United Arab Emirates 3.8 2.1 1.8 10.1 7.7 81.9 0.3 4.2 5.5
 El Salvador 3.7 2.7 1.1 47.8 1.3 50.7 0.1 4.1 4.9
 Malawi 3.7 2 1.7 8.8 0.8 11.3 79.1 3.9 4.3
 Mauritius 3.6 2.6 1.2 53.9 15.4 30.8 0 3.6 3.5
 Kenya 3.4 1.9 1.5 39.8 1.8 21.4 37 2.7 3.1
 Central African Republic 3.3 1.7 1.6 25.9 0.7 0 73.5 3.2 3.2
 Tajikistan 3.3 0.9 2.3 37.9 0.7 60.9 0.4 4 4.9
 Togo 3.1 1.7 1.4 37 16 18.2 28.8 3.1 3.1
 Benin 3 1.6 1.5 63.7 9.6 13.1 13.6 3.7 4.6
 Fiji 3 2.2 1 69.8 1.2 28.9 0 3 3.1
 Ethiopia 2.8 1.4 1.4 54.6 0.3 8.3 36.9 3.5 3.7
 Ghana 2.7 1.6 1.1 28.3 6.6 8 57.1 2.7 2.7
 Maldives 2.7 1.3 1.9 30.8 37.2 31.9 0 3 3
 Uzbekistan 2.7 1.6 1.1 34.4 8.6 56.9 0 2.6 2.6
 DR Congo 2.6 1.3 1.3 38.9 0.6 0.7 59.9 3.2 3.4
 Micronesia 2.5 1.6 0.9 58.1 8.5 32.8 0.6 8.3 2.9
 Samoa 2.5 2 0.7 94.1 5.9 0 0 2.9 3.3
 Guatemala 2.4 1.6 0.9 56.1 2.1 41.7 0.2 2.4 2.3
 Mozambique 2.4 1.3 1.1 78.7 8.3 12.4 0.6 2.5 2.6
 East Timor 2.1 0.6 1.5 67.6 32.4 0 0 3.8 5.5
   Nepal 2 0.6 1.4 31 49 20 0 2.3 2.6
 Qatar 2 1.3 0.7 25.9 10.2 63.4 0.5 2.1 2.2
 Singapore 2 1.8 0.3 70 14.6 13.4 2.1 2 2
 Turkey 2 1.3 0.7 57.6 8.6 33.8 0 1.9 1.9
 Bahrain 1.9 2.1 0.1 19 6.2 45.2 29.6 1.9 1.8
 Madagascar 1.9 0.9 1.1 53.8 8.2 38 0 1.8 1.6
 Tunisia 1.9 1.4 0.6 72.2 23.9 3.8 0.1 2 2.1
 Tuvalu 1.7 1.2 0.5 0.6 84.7 14.1 0 1.7 1.7
 Chad 1.5 0.7 0.9 70.2 1 5.3 23.5 1.7 1.8
 Lebanon 1.5 1.2 0.4 33.9 15.4 49.2 1.5 1.4 1.2
 Tonga 1.5 1.1 0.7 60.7 11.5 27.9 0 1.6 1.7
 Solomon Islands 1.4 1 0.4 93.3 2.9 3.3 0.5 1.3 1.2
 Eritrea 1.3 0.6 0.7 62.1 0.1 0.2 37.7 1.9 2.8
 Guinea 1.3 0.4 0.9 91.1 8.9 0 0 1.1 1
 Mali 1.3 0.6 0.7 15.8 1.2 0 83 1.3 1.3
 Papua New Guinea 1.2 0.7 0.5 95.2 2.7 2.1 0 1.2 1.1
 Iran 1 0 1 1 1
 Vanuatu 1 0.8 0.4 38.5 25.4 36.1 0 1.4 1.5
 Algeria 0.9 0.6 0.4 57.3 24.4 18.3 0 1 1.1
 Comoros 0.9 0.1 0.8 24.6 30.6 44.8 0 1 1.1
 Malaysia 0.9 0.6 0.4 60.7 21 17.4 0.8 0.9 0.8
 Azerbaijan 0.8 0.5 0.3 61.5 36.9 0 1.5 0.7 0.9
 Indonesia 0.8 0.3 0.5 18.5 76.4 4.6 0.6 1.1 1.6
 Oman 0.8 0.4 0.4 39.8 2.8 57 0.3 0.8 0.9
 Jordan 0.7 0.4 0.4 19.9 2.6 75.9 1.6 0.8 1
 Senegal 0.7 0.2 0.5 56.4 34.1 8.5 1 0.7 0.6
 Bhutan 0.6 0.2 0.4 46.2 4.2 49.6 0 0.5 0.4
 Morocco 0.6 0.4 0.3 42.9 39.8 17 0.4 0.7 0.7
 Djibouti 0.5 0.4 0.2 27.5 16.7 55 0.9 0.6 0.7
 Niger 0.5 0.1 0.4 45 13.7 41.4 0 0.6 0.7
 Sudan 0.5 0 0.5 0 0
 Brunei 0.4 0.6 0.2 100 0 0 0 0.4 0.3
 Egypt 0.4 0.2 0.2 62 4.4 33.1 0.6 0.4 0.5
 Iraq 0.4 0.2 0.2 71 2.4 25.7 0.9 0.5 0.6
 Kiribati 0.4 0.4 0.2 100 0 0 0 0.4 0.4
 Pakistan 0.3 0 0.3 0.3 0.4
 Syria 0.3 0.2 0.1 11.6 1.1 87.2 0 0.3 0.3
 Afghanistan 0.2 0 0.2 0.2 0.2
 Saudi Arabia 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2
 Yemen 0.1 0 0 89.5 0 10.5 0 0.1 0.1
 Bangladesh 0 0 0 0 0
 Kuwait 0 0 0 0 0
 Libya 0 0 0 0 0
 Mauritania 0 0 0 0 0
 Somalia 0 0 0 0 0

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "WHO - Global Status Report On Alcohol" (PDF). who.int. 1999.
  2. ^ "WHO - Global Status Report On Alcohol 2004" (PDF). who.int. 2004.
  3. ^ "WHO - Global Status Report On Alcohol 2011". who.int. 2011.
  4. ^ "WHO - Global Status Report On Alcohol 2014" (PDF). who.int. 2014.
  5. ^ "WHO - Global Status Report On Alcohol 2018" (PDF). who.int. 2018.
  6. ^ "WHO Global status report on alcohol and health 2018" (PDF). who.int. p. 44. Retrieved 12 October 2021.
  7. ^ "WHO - Global Status Report On Alcohol" (PDF). who.int. 1999. pp. 10–13.
  8. ^ "WHO - Global status report on alcohol and health 2018" (PDF). who.int. 2018. pp. 341–348.
  9. ^ "WHO Global status report on alcohol and health 2018" (PDF). who.int. World Health Organization. pp. 341–356.