List of countries and dependencies by area

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This is a list of the world's sovereign states and their dependent territories by area, ranked by its total area.

Entries in this list, include, but are not limited to, those in the ISO standard 3166-1, which includes sovereign states and dependent territories. Largely unrecognised states not in ISO 3166-1 are included in the list in ranked order, but are not actually given a rank number. The areas of such largely unrecognised states are in most cases also included in the areas of the more widely recognised states that claim the same territory; see the notes in the "Notes" column for each country for clarification.

Not included in the list are individual country claims to parts of the continent of Antarctica, entities such as the European Union[Note 1] (4,324,782 km2 or 1,669,808 sq mi total area) that have some degree of sovereignty but do not consider themselves to be sovereign countries or dependent territories, and unrecognized micronations such as the Principality of Sealand.

This list includes three measurements of area:

  • Total area: is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines.
  • Land area: is the aggregate of all land within international boundaries and coastlines, excluding water area.
  • Water area: is the sum of the surface areas of all inland water bodies (lakes, reservoirs, and rivers) within international boundaries and coastlines.[2] Territorial waters are not included unless otherwise noted. Exclusive economic zones are not included.

Data is taken from the United Nations Statistics Division unless otherwise noted.[3]

Countries and dependencies by area[edit]

Rank
Country/Dependency Total in km2 (mi2) Land in km2 (mi2) Water in km2 (mi2)  % water Notes
0  World 510,072,000
(196,940,000)
148,940,000
(57,510,000)
361,132,000
(139,434,000)
70.8
1 Russia 17,098,242
(6,601,668)
16,377,742
(6,323,482)
720,500
(278,200)
4.21 Largest country in the world (10.995% of the world landmass); its Asian portion makes it the largest country in Asia, and its European portion makes it the largest country in Europe.[Note 2]
1vend  Antarctica 14,000,000
(5,400,000)
14,000,000
(5,400,000)
0
(0)
0 13,720,000 km2 (5,300,000 sq mi) (98%) of land area is covered by ice. Though not itself a country, its territories are claimed by a number of countries.[Note 3]
2 Canada 9,984,670
(3,855,100)
9,093,507
(3,511,023)
891,163
(344,080)
8.93 Largest country in the Americas, and largest surface area of water.
3 China 9,572,900
(3,696,100) – 9,596,961
(3,705,407)
9,326,410
(3,600,950)
270,550
(104,460)
1.41 Second largest country in Asia and the world by land area only, after Russia. Excludes Taiwan, disputed territories with India, and islands in the South China Sea (Total 137,296 km2).[Note 4]
4 United States 9,526,468
(3,678,190) – 9,826,675
(3,794,100)
9,161,966
(3,537,455)
364,502
(140,735) – 664,709
(256,646)
3.83 – 6.76 Second largest country in the Americas, after Canada.[Note 4]
5 Brazil 8,515,767
(3,287,956)
8,460,415
(3,266,584)
55,352
(21,372)
0.65 The largest country in South America and in the Southern Hemisphere. Largest contiguous territory in the Americas.[9]
6 Australia 7,692,024
(2,969,907)
7,633,565
(2,947,336)
58,459
(22,571)
0.76 The largest country in Oceania, the largest country without land borders, and the largest country wholly in the Southern Hemisphere.[Note 5]
7 India 3,166,414
(1,222,559)
2,864,021
(1,105,805)
302,393
(116,755)
9.55 Third largest country in Asia.[Note 6]
8 Argentina 2,780,400
(1,073,500)
2,736,690
(1,056,640)
43,710
(16,880)
1.57 The largest Spanish-speaking country in the world and second largest country in South America.[Note 7]
9 Kazakhstan 2,724,900
(1,052,100)
2,699,700
(1,042,400)
25,200
(9,700)
0.92 Largest landlocked country.[14]
10 Algeria 2,381,741
(919,595)
2,381,741
(919,595)
0
(0)
0 Largest country in Africa.
11 Democratic Republic of the Congo 2,344,858
(905,355)
2,267,048
(875,312)
77,810
(30,040)
3.32 Largest country in Sub-Saharan Africa.
12 Greenland (Denmark) 2,166,086
(836,330)
2,166,086
(836,330)
0
(0)
0 Part of the Kingdom of Denmark.[Note 8]
13 Saudi Arabia 2,149,690
(830,000)
2,149,690
(830,000)
0
(0)
0 Largest country in the Middle East.
14 Mexico 1,964,375
(758,449)
1,943,945
(750,561)
20,430
(7,890)
1.04 The mainland 1,959,248 km2, the Gulf of California, the Gulf of Mexico, Pacific Ocean, the Caribbean island 244 5,127 km2. However, Clipperton Island (8.9 km2, France is effective control) is not included.
15 Indonesia 1,904,569
(735,358)
1,811,569
(699,451)
93,000
(36,000)
4.88 The largest archipelagic state in the world by area and population, the largest Island country in the world.[15]
16 Sudan 1,886,068
(728,215)
1765050NA 96434NA 5.18NA
[Note 9]
Formerly the largest country in Africa.[Note 10]
17 Libya 1,759,540
(679,360)
1,759,540
(679,360)
0
(0)
0
18 Iran 1,648,195
(636,372)
1,531,595
(591,352)
116,600
(45,000)
7.07 [Note 11]
19 Mongolia 1,564,110
(603,910)
1,553,556
(599,831)
10,560
(4,080)
0.68
20 Peru 1,285,216
(496,225)
1,279,996
(494,209)
5,220
(2,020)
0.41
21 Chad 1,284,000
(496,000)
1,259,200
(486,200)
24,800
(9,600)
1.93
22 Niger 1,267,000
(489,000)
1,266,700
(489,100)
300
(120)
0.02
23 Angola 1,246,700
(481,400)
1,246,700
(481,400)
0
(0)
0
24 Mali 1,240,192
(478,841)
1,220,190
(471,120)
20,002
(7,723)
1.61
25 South Africa 1,221,037
(471,445)
1,214,470
(468,910)
4,620
(1,780)
0.38
26 Colombia 1,141,748
(440,831)
1,038,700
(401,000)
100,210
(38,690)
8.8
27 Ethiopia 1,104,300
(426,400)
1,000,000
(390,000)
104,300
(40,300)
0.7 [Note 12]
28 Bolivia 1,098,581
(424,164)
1,083,301
(418,265)
15,280
(5,900)
1.39
29 Mauritania 1,030,700
(398,000)
1,025,520
(395,960)
4,480
(1,730)
0
30 Egypt 1,002,450
(387,050)
995,450
(384,350)
6,000
(2,300)
0.6
31 Tanzania 945,087
(364,900)
885,800
(342,000)
61,500
(23,700)
6.49
32 Nigeria 923,768
(356,669)
910,768
(351,649)
13,000
(5,000)
1.41
33 Venezuela 916,445
(353,841)
882,050
(340,560)
30,000
(12,000)
3.29
34 Pakistan 881,912
(340,508)
881,912
(340,508)
25,220
(9,740)
2.86 [Note 13]
35 Namibia 825,615
(318,772)
823,290
(317,870)
2,425
(936)
0.12
36 Mozambique 801,590
(309,500)
786,380
(303,620)
13,000
(5,000)
1.63
37 Turkey 783,562
(302,535)
769,632
(297,157)
13,930
(5,380)
1.78
38 Chile 756,102
(291,933)
743,812
(287,187)
12,290
(4,750)
1.63 [Note 14]
39 Zambia 752,612
(290,585)
743,398
(287,028)
9,220
(3,560)
1.23
40 Burma 676,578
(261,228)
653,508
(252,321)
23,070
(8,910)
3.41
41 Afghanistan 652,230
(251,830)
652,230
(251,830)
0
(0)
0
42 France 640,679
(247,368)
640,427
(247,270)
3,374
(1,303)
0.52 Includes Metropolitan France and overseas regions, but excludes overseas territories and collectivities, shown separately.[Note 15]
43 Somalia 637,657
(246,201)
627,337
(242,216)
10,320
(3,980)
1.62 [Note 16]
44 Central African Republic 622,984
(240,535)
622,984
(240,535)
0
(0)
0
45 South Sudan 619,745
(239,285)
610950NA 33379NA 5.18NA
[Note 9]
[Note 17]
46 Ukraine 603,500
(233,000)
553,544
(213,725)
24,220
(9,350)
4.01 Largest country wholly in Europe.[Note 18]
47 Madagascar 587,041
(226,658)
581,540
(224,530)
5,501
(2,124)
0.94
48 Botswana 582,000
(225,000)
566,730
(218,820)
15,000
(5,800)
2.58
49 Kenya 580,367
(224,081)
569,140
(219,750)
11,227
(4,335)
1.93
50 Yemen 527,968
(203,850)
527,968
(203,850)
0
(0)
0
51 Thailand 513,120
(198,120)
510,890
(197,260)
2,230
(860)
0.43
52 Spain 505,992
(195,365)
498,980
(192,660)
6,390
(2,470)
1.26
53 Turkmenistan 488,100
(188,500)
469,930
(181,440)
18,170
(7,020)
3.72
54 Cameroon 475,442
(183,569)
472,710
(182,510)
2,730
(1,050)
0.57
55 Papua New Guinea 462,840
(178,700)
452,860
(174,850)
9,980
(3,850)
2.16
56 Sweden 450,295
(173,860)
410,335
(158,431)
39,960
(15,430)
8.87
57 Uzbekistan 447,400
(172,700)
425,400
(164,200)
22,000
(8,500)
4.92
58 Morocco 446,550
(172,410)
446,300
(172,300)
250
(97)
0.06 [Note 19]
59 Iraq 438,317
(169,235)
437,367
(168,868)
950
(370)
0.22 [Note 20]
60 Paraguay 406,752
(157,048)
397,302
(153,399)
9,450
(3,650)
2.32
61 Zimbabwe 390,757
(150,872)
386,847
(149,362)
3,910
(1,510)
1
62 Japan 377,930
(145,920)
364,485
(140,728)
13,430
(5,190)
3.55
63 Germany 357,114
(137,882)
348,672
(134,623)
8,350
(3,220)
2.34
64 Republic of the Congo 342,000
(132,000)
341,500
(131,900)
500
(190)
0.15
65 Finland 338,424
(130,666)
303,815
(117,304)
34,330
(13,250)
10.15 [Note 21]
66 Vietnam 331,212
(127,882)
310,070
(119,720)
21,140
(8,160)
6.38
67 Malaysia 330,803
(127,724)
329,613
(127,264)
1,190
(460)
0.36
68 Norway 323,802
(125,021)
304,282
(117,484)
19,520
(7,540)
6.03 [Note 22]
69 Ivory Coast 322,463
(124,504)
318,003
(122,782)
4,460
(1,720)
1.38
70 Poland 312,679
(120,726)
311,888
(120,421)
791
(305)
3.07
71 Oman 309,500
(119,500)
309,500
(119,500)
0
(0)
0
72 Italy 301,336
(116,346)
294,140
(113,570)
7,200
(2,800)
2.39
73 Philippines 300,000
(120,000)
298,170
(115,120)
115,120
(44,450)
12.90
74 Ecuador 276,841
(106,889)
256,369
(98,985)
6,720
(2,590)
2.37 [Note 23]
75 Burkina Faso 272,967
(105,393)
273,800
(105,700)
400
(150)
0.15
76 New Zealand 270,467
(104,428)
262,443
(101,330)
4,395
(1,697)
1.65 Second largest country in Oceania. [Note 24]
77 Gabon 267,668
(103,347)
257,667
(99,486)
10,000
(3,900)
3.74
78 Western Sahara 266,000
(103,000)
266,000
(103,000)
0
(0)
0 Disputed territory.[Note 25]
79 Guinea 245,857
(94,926)
245,717
(94,872)
140
(54)
0.06
80 United Kingdom 242,495
(93,628)
241,930
(93,410)
1,680
(650)
0.69 [Note 26]
81 Uganda 241,550
(93,260)
197,100
(76,100)
43,938
(16,965)
18.23
82 Ghana 238,533
(92,098)
227,533
(87,851)
11,000
(4,200)
4.61
83 Romania 238,391
(92,043)
229,891
(88,761)
8,500
(3,300)
3.57
84 Laos 236,800
(91,400)
230,800
(89,100)
6,000
(2,300)
2.53
85 Guyana 214,969
(83,000)
196,849
(76,004)
18,120
(7,000)
8.43
86 Belarus 207,600
(80,200)
202,900
(78,300)
4,700
(1,800)
2.26
87 Kyrgyzstan 199,951
(77,202)
191,801
(74,055)
8,150
(3,150)
4.08
88 Senegal 196,722
(75,955)
192,530
(74,340)
4,192
(1,619)
2.13
89 Syria 185,180
(71,500)
183,630
(70,900)
1,550
(600)
0.84 [Note 27]
90 Cambodia 181,035
(69,898)
176,515
(68,153)
4,520
(1,750)
2.5
91 Uruguay 181,034
(69,898)
175,015
(67,574)
1,200
(460)
0.68
92 Suriname 163,820
(63,250)
156,000
(60,000)
7,820
(3,020)
4.77 Smallest country in South America.
93 Tunisia 163,610
(63,170)
155,360
(59,980)
8,250
(3,190)
5.04
94 Bangladesh 147,570
(56,980)
130,168
(50,258)
13,830
(5,340)
9.6 [Note 28]
95 Nepal 147,181
(56,827)
143,351
(55,348)
3,830
(1,480)
2.6
96 Tajikistan 143,100
(55,300)
141,510
(54,640)
2,590
(1,000)
1.81
end Somaliland 137,600
(53,100)
[Note 29]
97 Greece 131,990
(50,960)
130,647
(50,443)
1,310
(510)
0.99
98 Nicaragua 130,373
(50,337)
119,990
(46,330)
10,380
(4,010)
7.96 Largest country in Central America.
99 North Korea 120,538
(46,540)
120,408
(46,490)
130
(50)
0.11
100 Malawi 118,484
(45,747)
94,080
(36,320)
24,404
(9,422)
20.6
101 Eritrea 117,600
(45,400)
101,000
(39,000)
16,600
(6,400)
14.12
102 Benin 112,622
(43,484)
110,622
(42,711)
2,000
(770)
1.78
103 Honduras 112,492
(43,433)
111,890
(43,200)
200
(77)
0.18
104 Liberia 111,369
(43,000)
96,320
(37,190)
15,049
(5,810)
13.51
105 Bulgaria 110,879
(42,811)
108,489
(41,888)
2,390
(920)
2.16
106 Cuba 109,884
(42,426)
109,820
(42,400)
1,040
(400)
0.94 Largest country in Caribbean
107 Guatemala 108,889
(42,042)
107,159
(41,374)
1,730
(670)
1.59
108 Iceland 103,000
(40,000)
100,250
(38,710)
2,750
(1,060)
2.67
109 South Korea 100,210
(38,690)
99,909
(38,575)
301
(116)
0.3
110 Hungary 93,028
(35,918)
89,608
(34,598)
3,420
(1,320)
3.68
111 Portugal 92,090
(35,560)
91,470
(35,320)
620
(240)
0.67
112 Jordan 89,342
(34,495)
88,802
(34,287)
540
(210)
0.6
113 Serbia 88,361
(34,116)
88,246
(34,072)
115
(44)
0.13 [Note 30]
114 Azerbaijan 86,600
(33,400)
86,100
(33,200)
500
(190)
0.13 Largest country in Caucasus.[Note 31]
115 Austria 83,871
(32,383)
82,445
(31,832)
1,426
(551)
1.7
116 United Arab Emirates 83,600
(32,300)
83,600
(32,300)
0
(0)
0
117 Czech Republic 78,865
(30,450)
77,247
(29,825)
1,620
(630)
2.05
118 Panama 75,417
(29,119)
74,340
(28,700)
1,080
(420)
1.43
119 Sierra Leone 71,740
(27,700)
71,620
(27,650)
120
(46)
0.17
120 Ireland 70,273
(27,133)
68,883
(26,596)
1,390
(540)
1.98
121 Georgia 69,700
(26,900)
69,700
(26,900)
0
(0)
0 [Note 32]
122 Sri Lanka 65,610
(25,330)
62,732
(24,221)
2,878
(1,111)
4.4
123 Lithuania 65,300
(25,200)
62,680
(24,200)
2,620
(1,010)
4.01
124 Latvia 64,559
(24,926)
62,249
(24,034)
2,340
(900)
3.62
125 Svalbard (Norway) 62,045
(23,956)
62,045
(23,956)
0
(0)
0 [Note 33]
126 Togo 56,785
(21,925)
54,385
(20,998)
2,400
(930)
4.23
127 Croatia 56,594
(21,851)
55,974
(21,612)
620
(240)
1.1
128 Bosnia and Herzegovina 51,209
(19,772)
51,187
(19,763)
10
(3.9)
0.02
129 Costa Rica 51,100
(19,700)
51,060
(19,710)
40
(15)
0.08
130 Slovakia 49,037
(18,933)
48,105
(18,573)
930
(360)
1.9
131 Dominican Republic 48,671
(18,792)
48,320
(18,660)
350
(140)
0.72
132 Estonia 45,227
(17,462)
42,388
(16,366)
2,840
(1,100)
6.28
133 Denmark 43,094
(16,639)
42,434
(16,384)
660
(250)
1.53 European territory (metropolitan Denmark) only, without Greenland and Faroe Islands.[Note 34]
134 Netherlands 41,850
(16,160)
33,893
(13,086)
7,650
(2,950)
18.41 Includes the special municipalities, but excludes other countries in the Kingdom of the Netherlands, shown separately.[Note 35]
135 Switzerland 41,284
(15,940)
39,997
(15,443)
1,280
(490)
3.1 [Note 36]
136 Bhutan 38,394
(14,824)
38,394
(14,824)
0
(0)
0
137 Taiwan 36,193
(13,974)
32,260
(12,460)
3,720
(1,440)
10.34 Before the end of the civil war in 1949, the Republic of China included mainland China, inner Mongolia, Taiwan and other areas, totaling 11,418,174 km2 (4,408,582 sq mi).[Note 37]
138  Guinea-Bissau 36,125
(13,948)
28,120
(10,860)
8,005
(3,091)
22.16
139 Moldova 33,846
(13,068)
32,891
(12,699)
960
(370)
2.84 [Note 38]
140 Belgium 30,528
(11,787)
30,278
(11,690)
250
(97)
0.82
141 Lesotho 30,355
(11,720)
30,355
(11,720)
0
(0)
0
142 Armenia 29,843
(11,522)
29,843
(11,522)
1,540
(590)
5.18
143 Solomon Islands 28,896
(11,157)
27,986
(10,805)
910
(350)
3.15
144 Albania 28,748
(11,100)
27,398
(10,578)
1,350
(520)
4.7
145 Equatorial Guinea 28,051
(10,831)
28,051
(10,831)
0
(0)
0
146 Burundi 27,834
(10,747)
25,680
(9,920)
2,150
(830)
7.73
147 Haiti 27,750
(10,710)
27,560
(10,640)
190
(73)
0.68
148 Rwanda 26,338
(10,169)
24,668
(9,524)
1,670
(640)
6.34
149 Macedonia 25,713
(9,928)
25,433
(9,820)
280
(110)
1.09
150 Djibouti 23,200
(9,000)
23,180
(8,950)
20
(7.7)
0.09
151 Belize 22,966
(8,867)
22,806
(8,805)
160
(62)
0.7
152 El Salvador 21,041
(8,124)
20,721
(8,000)
320
(120)
1.52 Smallest country in continental North America.
153 Israel 20,770
(8,020)
20,330
(7,850)
440
(170)
2.12 [Note 39]
154 Slovenia 20,273
(7,827)
20,151
(7,780)
122
(47)
0.6
155 New Caledonia (France) 18,575
(7,172)
18,275
(7,056)
300
(120)
1.62
156 Fiji 18,272
(7,055)
18,274
(7,056)
0
(0)
0
157 Kuwait 17,818
(6,880)
17,818
(6,880)
0
(0)
0
158 Swaziland 17,364
(6,704)
17,204
(6,643)
160
(62)
0.92
159 East Timor 14,874
(5,743)
14,874
(5,743)
0
(0)
0
160 Bahamas 13,943
(5,383)
10,010
(3,860)
3,870
(1,490)
27.88
161 Montenegro 13,812
(5,333)
13,452
(5,194)
360
(140)
2.61
162 Vanuatu 12,189
(4,706)
12,189
(4,706)
0
(0)
0
163 Falkland Islands (United Kingdom) 12,173
(4,700)
12,173
(4,700)
0
(0)
0
164 Qatar 11,586
(4,473)
11,586
(4,473)
0
(0)
0
end  Nagorno-Karabakh 11,458
(4,424)
11,458
(4,424)
1,200
(460)
1 [Note 40] 5.000 km2. Armenian-controlled territories surrounding Nagorno-Karabakh by regions 11,5 km2.
165 Gambia 11,295
(4,361)
10,000
(3,900)
1,295
(500)
11.47 Smallest country in continental Africa.
166 Jamaica 10,991
(4,244)
10,831
(4,182)
160
(62)
1.46
end Kosovo 10,887
(4,203)
[Note 41]
167 Lebanon 10,452
(4,036)
10,230
(3,950)
170
(66)
1.63 Smallest country in continental Asia.
168 Cyprus 9,251
(3,572)
9,241
(3,568)
10
(3.9)
0.11 [Note 42]
169 Puerto Rico (United States) 9,104
(3,515)
9,104
(3,515)
3,054
(1,179)
35.2 Third largest island of the United States after the Big island of Hawaii and Kodiak Island of Alaska.
end Abkhazia 8,660
(3,340)
[Note 43]
170 French Southern and Antarctic Lands (France) 7,747
(2,991)
7,668
(2,961)
79.8
(30.8)
1.03 Excludes claim on Adélie Land in Antarctica.[Note 44]
171 United States Minor Outlying Islands 6,959.41
(2,687.04)
22.41
(8.65)
6,937
(2,678)
99.68
172 State of Palestine 6,220
(2,400)
5,640
(2,180)
220
(85)
 ? [Note 45]
173 Brunei 5,765
(2,226)
5,265
(2,033)
500
(190)
8.67
174 Trinidad and Tobago 5,130
(1,980)
5,128
(1,980)
0
(0)
0
175 French Polynesia (France) 4,167
(1,609)
3,827
(1,478)
340
(130)
8.16
end Transnistria 4,163
(1,607)
[Note 46]
176 Cape Verde 4,033
(1,557)
4,033
(1,557)
0
(0)
0
177 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (United Kingdom) 3,903
(1,507)
3,903
(1,507)
0
(0)
0 [Note 17]
end South Ossetia 3,900
(1,500)
[Note 47]
end Northern Cyprus 3,355
(1,295)
[Note 48]
178 Samoa 2,842
(1,097)
2,821
(1,089)
10
(3.9)
0.35
179 Hong Kong (China) 2,755
(1,064)
1,106
(427)
1,649
(637) [26]
59.8
180 Luxembourg 2,586
(998)
2,586
(998)
0
(0)
0
181 Mauritius 2,040
(790)
2,030
(780)
10
(3.9)
0.49 [Note 49]
182 Comoros 1,862
(719)
1,862
(719)
0
(0)
0 [Note 50]
183 Åland Islands (Finland) 1,580
(610)
[Note 51]
184 Faroe Islands (Denmark) 1,393
(538)
1,393
(538)
0.10 0.0010.00 [Note 52]
185  São Tomé and Príncipe 964
(372)
964
(372)
0
(0)
0
186 Turks and Caicos Islands (United Kingdom) 948
(366)
430
(170)
0
(0)
0 [Note 17]
187 Kiribati 811
(313)
811
(313)
0
(0)
0 [Note 53]
188 Bahrain 765
(295)
765
(295)
0
(0)
0
189 Dominica 751
(290)
751
(290)
0
(0)
0
190 Tonga 747
(288)
717
(277)
30
(12)
4.02
191 Singapore 716
(276)
687
(265)
10
(3.9)
1.43
192 Federated States of Micronesia 702
(271)
702
(271)
0.10 0.0010.00
193 Saint Lucia 616
(238)
606
(234)
10
(3.9)
1.62 [Note 54]
194 Isle of Man (United Kingdom) 572
(221)
572
(221)
0
(0)
0
195 Guam (United States) 549
(212)
544
(210)
0
(0)
0
196 Andorra 468
(181)
468
(181)
0
(0)
0
197 Northern Mariana Islands (United States) 464
(179)
464
(179)
0
(0)
0
198 Palau 459
(177)
459
(177)
0
(0)
0
199 Seychelles 452
(175)
455
(176)
0
(0)
0 Smallest country in Africa.
200  Curaçao (Netherlands) 444
(171)
444
(171)
0
(0)
0 [Note 35]
201 Antigua and Barbuda 442
(171)
442.6
(170.9)
0
(0)
0
202 Barbados 430
(170)
431
(166)
0
(0)
0
203 Heard Island and McDonald Islands (Australia) 412
(159)
412
(159)
0
(0)
0 [Note 17]
204 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 389
(150)
389
(150)
0
(0)
0
205 Jan Mayen (Norway) 377
(146)
377
(146)
0
(0)
0
206 U.S. Virgin Islands (United States) 347
(134)
346
(134)
1,564
(604)
81.88
207 Grenada 344
(133)
344
(133)
0
(0)
0
208 Malta 316
(122)
316
(122)
0
(0)
0
209 Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (United Kingdom) 308
(119)
308
(119)
0
(0)
0 [Note 55]
210 Maldives 300
(120)
298
(115)
0
(0)
0 Smallest country in Asia.
211 Flag of Bonaire.svg Bonaire (Netherlands) 294
(114)
294
(114)
0
(0)
212 Cayman Islands (United Kingdom) 264
(102)
264
(102)
0
(0)
0
213 Saint Kitts and Nevis 261
(101)
261
(101)
0
(0)
0 Smallest country in the Americas and the Western Hemisphere.
214 Niue (New Zealand) 260
(100)
260
(100)
0
(0)
0 [Note 56]
215 Akrotiri and Dhekelia (United Kingdom) 253.8
(98.0)
253.8NA 0.1NA 0.001NA There is a salt lake and some wetlands of unknown area.
216 Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France) 242
(93)
242
(93)
0
(0)
0
217 Cook Islands (New Zealand) 236
(91)
236
(91)
0
(0)
0 [Note 57]
218 American Samoa (United States) 199
(77)
199
(77)
0
(0)
0
219 Marshall Islands 181
(70)
181
(70)
11,673
(4,507)
98.47
220 Aruba (Netherlands) 180
(69)
180
(69)
0
(0)
0
221 Liechtenstein 160
(62)
160
(62)
0
(0)
0
222 British Virgin Islands (United Kingdom) 151
(58)
151
(58)
0
(0)
0
223 Wallis and Futuna (France) 142
(55)
142
(55)
0
(0)
0
224 Christmas Island (Australia) 135
(52)
135
(52)
0
(0)
0 [Note 58]
225 Jersey (United Kingdom) 116
(45)
116
(45)
0
(0)
0
226 Montserrat (United Kingdom) 102
(39)
102
(39)
0
(0)
0
227 Anguilla (United Kingdom) 91
(35)
91
(35)
0
(0)
0
228 Guernsey (United Kingdom) 78
(30)
78
(30)
0
(0)
0
229 San Marino 61
(24)
61
(24)
0
(0)
0
230 British Indian Ocean Territory (United Kingdom) 60
(23)
60
(23)
54,340
(20,980)
99.89 [Note 59]
231 Saint Martin (France) 54
(21)
54.4
(21.0)
0.1Neg. 0.0010.00 [Note 17]
232 Bermuda (United Kingdom) 54
(21)
54
(21)
0
(0)
0
233 Bouvet Island (Norway) 49
(19)
49
(19)
0
(0)
0 [Note 17]
234 Pitcairn Islands (United Kingdom) 47
(18)
47
(18)
0
(0)
0 [Note 60]
235 Norfolk Island (Australia) 36
(14)
36
(14)
0
(0)
0
236 Sint Maarten (Netherlands) 34
(13)
34
(13)
0
(0)
0 [Note 35]
237 Macau (China) 31.3
(12.1)
28.2
(10.9)
0
(0)
0 [Note 61]
238 Tuvalu 26
(10)
26
(10)
0
(0)
0
239 Nauru 21
(8.1)
21
(8.1)
0
(0)
0 Smallest island country.
240 Saint Barthélemy (France) 21
(8.1)
21NA 0.1NA 0.001NA [Note 17]
241 Flag of Sint Eustatius.svg Sint Eustatius (Netherlands) 21
(8.1)
21NA 0.1NA 0.001NA
242 Cocos (Keeling) Islands (Australia) 14
(5.4)
14
(5.4)
0
(0)
0 [Note 58]
243 Flag of Saba.svg Saba (Netherlands) 13
(5.0)
13NA 0.1NA 0.001NA
244 Tokelau (New Zealand) 12
(4.6)
12
(4.6)
0
(0)
0
245 Gibraltar (United Kingdom) 6
(2.3)
6.5
(2.5)
0
(0)
0
246 Clipperton Island (France) 6
(2.3)
6
(2.3)
0
(0)
0
247 Ashmore and Cartier Islands (Australia) 5
(1.9)
5
(1.9)
0
(0)
0
248   Spratly Islands (disputed) 4.9<5
(<1.9)
4.9<5
(<1.9)
0
(0)
0
249 Coral Sea Islands (Australia) 2.9<3
(<1.2)
2.9<3
(<1.2)
0
(0)
0
250 Monaco 2.02
(0.78)
2.02
(0.78)
0
(0)
0 Smallest country with a coastline.
251 Vatican City 0.44
(0.17)
0.44
(0.17)
0
(0)
0 Smallest country in the world.

Graphical charts[edit]

The charts below are based on the CIA World Factbook[27] as of February 15, 2005.

Sovereign states with areas greater than 100,000 km2 are shown in green. In addition, non-sovereign territories are included for purposes of comparison, and are shown in gray. Areas include inland water bodies (lakes, reservoirs, rivers). Claims to parts of Antarctica by various countries are not included.

Countries greater than 1.5 million km2[edit]

Mongolia Iran Libya Sudan Indonesia Mexico Saudi Arabia Greenland Democratic Republic of the Congo Algeria Kazakhstan Argentina India European Union Australia Brazil United States History of the political divisions of China People's Republic of China Canada Antarctica Russia

Countries less than 1.5 million km2[edit]

Iceland Guatemala Cuba Bulgaria Liberia Honduras Benin Malawi North Korea Eritrea Nicaragua Greece Nepal Tajikistan Bangladesh Suriname Tunisia Uruguay Cambodia Syria Senegal Kyrgyzstan Belarus Oman Guyana Uganda Laos Romania Ghana United Kingdom Guinea Western Sahara Gabon New Zealand Burkina Faso Ecuador Philippines Italy Poland Côte d'Ivoire Norway Vietnam Malaysia Finland Republic of the Congo Germany Japan Zimbabwe Paraguay Iraq Morocco Uzbekistan Sweden Papua New Guinea Cameroon Turkmenistan Spain Thailand Yemen France Kenya Madagascar Botswana Ukraine South Sudan Central African Republic Somalia Afghanistan Burma Zambia Chile Turkey Mozambique Pakistan Namibia Venezuela Nigeria Tanzania Egypt Mauritania Bolivia Ethiopia Colombia South Africa Mali Angola Niger Chad Peru

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The European Union is a unique supranational union. It covers a total area of 4,324,781 km2 (1,669,807 sq mi),[1] and would be ranked 7th if it were included (3.0% of world's total land area).
  2. ^ The figure shown does not include the area of Crimea (27,000 km2 or 10,000 sq mi), de facto controlled by Russia, claimed by Ukraine.
  3. ^ The following countries have territorial claims in Antarctica: Argentina (969,000 km2 or 374,000 sq mi), Australia (5,896,500 km2 or 2,276,700 sq mi), Chile (1,250,000 km2 or 480,000 sq mi), France (432,000 km2 or 167,000 sq mi), New Zealand (450,000 km2 or 170,000 sq mi), Norway (2,500,000 km2 or 970,000 sq mi) and United Kingdom (1,395,000 km2 or 539,000 sq mi), which to some extent overlap. The area from 90°W to 150°W (2,100,000 km2 or 810,000 sq mi) is currently unclaimed territory. These areas usually have no human inhabitants, excluding scientists.
  4. ^ a b The following two primary sources (non-mirrored) represent the range (min./max.) of total area for China and the United States. Both sources exclude Taiwan from the area of China.
    1. The Encyclopædia Britannica lists China as world's third-largest country (after Russia and Canada) with a total area of 9,572,900 sq km,[4] and the U.S. as fourth-largest at 9,526,468 sq km. The figure for the U.S. is less than in the CIA Factbook because it excludes Coastal and Territorial waters.[5]
    2. The CIA World Factbook lists the United States as the third-largest country (after Russia and Canada) with total area of 9,826,675 sq km,[6] and China as fourth-largest at 9,596,961 sq km.[7] This figure for the U.S. is greater than in the Encyclopædia Britannica because it includes Coastal and Territorial waters.

    Disputed Ranking Explanation: The dispute for world's third-largest country arose from the inclusion of Coastal and Territorial waters for United States. This discrepancy was deduced from comparing the CIA World Factbook and its previous iterations[8] against the information for United States on Encyclopaedia Britannica, particularly its footnote section.[5] In sum, according to older versions of the CIA World Factbook (from 1982 to 1996), the US was listed as the world's fourth-largest country (after Russia, Canada, and China) with a total area of 9,372,610 sq km. However, in the 1997 edition, the US added Coastal waters to its total area (increasing it to 9,629,091 sq km). And then again in 2007, US added Territorial water to its total area (increasing it to 9,826,630 sq km). During this time, China's total area remained unchanged. In other words, no Coastal or Territorial water space was added to China's total area figure. The United States has a Coastal water area of 109,362 sq km, and a Territorial water area of 195,213 sq km, for a total of 304,575 sq km of additional water space. This is larger than entire countries like Italy, New Zealand, and United Kingdom. Adding this figure to the US will boost it over China in ranking since China's Coastal and Territorial water figures are currently unknown (no official publication) and thus cannot be added into China's total area figure.

    • United Nations Statistics Division's figure for United States is 9,629,091 sq km.
  5. ^ Figures exclude the external territories of Norfolk Island, Ashmore and Cartier Islands, Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Coral Sea Islands Territory, and Heard Island and McDonald Islands,[10] each shown separately. Excludes the claim of the Australian Antarctic Territory (5,896,500 km2 or 2,276,700 sq mi). The UN's previous data,[11] as well as the current data shown by the World Bank and the CIA,[1][12] give the figure as 7,741,220 km2 (2,988,900 sq mi).
  6. ^ The total area given is from Encyclopædia Britannica and excludes disputed territories not under Indian control. The total area claimed by India, according to the figure given by the United Nations and the Indian government, totals 3,287,263 km2 (1,269,219 sq mi).[13]
  7. ^ Excludes claims on Argentine Antarctica (969,000 km2 or 374,000 sq mi), on Malvinas/Falkland Islands (12,173 km2 or 4,700 sq mi) and on South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (3,903 km2 or 1,507 sq mi).
  8. ^ A total of 1,755,636 km2 (677,855 sq mi) of land area is covered by ice; the ice-free area amounts to 410,450 km2 (158,480 sq mi).[12]
  9. ^ a b The water area percentage of Sudan prior to the secession of South Sudan was 5.18.
  10. ^ Prior to the independence of South Sudan in 2011, Sudan's total area as reported by the UN source was 2,505,813 km2 (967,500 sq mi). Updated figure shown is from the CIA.[1]
  11. ^ The area given is from the 2007 data and the CIA World Factbook.[1][11] The UN Demographic Yearbook lists a figure of 1,628,750 km2 (628,860 sq mi), which refers to land area only.
  12. ^ Excluding the Ilemi Triangle (14,000 km2 or 5,400 sq mi).
  13. ^ Includes data for Pakistani-claimed territories of Kashmir, Azad Kashmir (13,297 km2 or 5,134 sq mi) and Gilgit–Baltistan (72,520 km2 or 28,000 sq mi).[16] Excluding these territories would produce an area figure of 796,095 km2 (307,374 sq mi).
  14. ^ Excludes claims in Antarctica.
  15. ^ Source gives area of Metropolitan France as 551,500 km2 (212,900 sq mi) and lists overseas regions separately, whose areas sum to 89,179 km2 (34,432 sq mi). Adding these give the total shown here for the entire French Republic. The CIA reports the total as 643,801 km2 (248,573 sq mi).[1] Another source, the French National Institute for Statistice and Economic Studies, gives an area figure of 632,759 km2 (244,310 sq mi).[17] (The CIA gives a water area of Metropolitan France as 1,530 km2 (590 sq mi).)
  16. ^ The figure shown includes the area of Somaliland (137,600 km2 or 53,100 sq mi), which is de facto independent from Somalia.
  17. ^ a b c d e f g Figures shown in this entry are taken from the CIA.[1]
  18. ^ The figure shown includes the area of Crimea (27,000 km2 or 10,000 sq mi), de facto controlled by Russia, claimed by Ukraine.
  19. ^ Does not include Western Sahara, shown separately.
  20. ^ Figure shown is from the 2007 data and the CIA World Factbook.[1][11] The UN figure of 435,244 km2 (168,049 sq mi) excludes the three autonomous provinces of Iraqi Kurdistan.
  21. ^ Includes the Åland Islands (1,552 km2 or 599 sq mi).
  22. ^ Figures shown are from the CIA World Factbook; the UN data refers to mainland area only. All figures exclude Svalbard, Jan Mayen and Bouvet Island, shown separately, and the Antarctic territorial claims of Queen Maud Land and Peter I Island (243 km2 or 94 sq mi).
  23. ^ May or may not include the Galápagos Islands (7,880 km2 or 3,040 sq mi). The 2007 data,[11] as well as the current data given by the CIA, explicitly includes the Galápagos and gives the figure as 283,561 km2 (109,484 sq mi).[1]
  24. ^ The government gives the total figure as 266,838 square kilometres (103,027 sq mi).[18] CIA World Factbook has total/land area of 267,710 km2 (103,360 sq mi). All figures exclude Niue, the Cook Islands and Tokelau, shown separately, as well as the Antarctic claim of Ross Dependency.
  25. ^ Administration is split between Morocco and the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, both of which claim the entire territory.
  26. ^ Does not include the three Crown dependencies (768 km2 or 297 sq mi) and the 14 overseas territories (1,742,857 km2 or 672,921 sq mi), shown separately.
  27. ^ Includes the parts of the Golan Heights (1,295 km2 or 500 sq mi) occupied by Israel.
  28. ^ Area according to Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics is 147,570 km2 or 56,980 sq mi.[19]
  29. ^ Somaliland is claimed in whole by Somalia, and has no international recognition
  30. ^ The figure shown includes the area of Kosovo and Metohija, which is de facto independent from Serbia as the Republic of Kosovo (10,887 km2 or 4,203 sq mi). The area of Serbia without Kosovo is 77,474 km2 (29,913 sq mi).[1]
  31. ^ The figure shown includes the area of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (11,458 km2 or 4,424 sq mi), which is de facto independent from Azerbaijan.
  32. ^ The figure shown includes the areas of Abkhazia (8,660 km2 or 3,340 sq mi)[20] and South Ossetia (3,900 km2 or 1,500 sq mi),[21] both de facto independent from Georgia.
  33. ^ The UN gives a combined area for Svalbard and Jan Mayen as 62,422 km2 (24,101 sq mi). The separate figures shown are from the CIA World Factbook.[1]
  34. ^ The UN figure includes only the constituent country Denmark; the entire Kingdom of Denmark, including Greenland and Faroe Islands covers 2,220,093 km2 (857,183 sq mi) and would be 12th.
  35. ^ a b c Data for the Netherlands is from the Central Bureau of Statistics.[22] Source gives area of European Netherlands as 41,528 km2 (16,034 sq mi) and lists the three special municipalities separately, whose areas sum to 322 km2 (124 sq mi). Adding these gives the total shown here for the entire country of the Netherlands.[23] Adding the constituent countries of Aruba, Curaçao and Sint Maarten, the total area of the Kingdom of the Netherlands covers 42,508 km2 (16,412 sq mi).
  36. ^ The figure from the UN demographic yearbook (41,277 km2 or 15,937 sq mi) excludes the areas of state forests and communanzas,[further explanation needed] which amount to 7.15 km2 (2.76 sq mi). The figure here is from the 2007 data.[11]
  37. ^ The UN source does not include data for the Republic of China on Taiwan. The figure shown is from the 2012 Statistical Data from the Ministry of the Interior, Republic of China. The CIA gives a total area of 35,980 km2 (13,890 sq mi). The total constitutional land area of the Republic of China is 11,420,000 km2 (4,410,000 sq mi), which includes modern-day Taiwan, Mongolia, and Mainland China.[24]
  38. ^ The figure shown includes the area of Transnistria (4,163 km2 or 1,607 sq mi), which is de facto independent from Moldova.
  39. ^ Figures shown are from the CIA.[1] The UN/Israel Central Bureau of Statistics figure of 22,072 km2 (8,522 sq mi) includes the Golan Heights (1,200 km2 or 460 sq mi) and East Jerusalem (70 km2 or 27 sq mi), which are not internationally recognised as part of Israel.
  40. ^ Nagorno-Karabakh is claimed in whole by Azerbaijan, and has no international recognition
  41. ^ Kosovo is claimed in whole by Serbia, and has limited international recognition
  42. ^ Includes the largely unrecognized but de facto independent Northern Cyprus (3,355 km2 or 1,295 sq mi), the UN buffer zone (346 km2 or 134 sq mi) and Akrotiri and Dhekelia (254 km2 or 98 sq mi).[1]
  43. ^ Abkhazia is claimed in whole by Georgia, and has limited international recognition
  44. ^ The UN source has no data for the French Southern and Antarctic Lands. The figure given here is the total of all areas listed separately in the CIA World Factbook.[25]
  45. ^ The CIA gives the areas of the West Bank and Gaza Strip separately as 5,860 km2 (2,260 sq mi) and 360 km2 (140 sq mi) respectively (https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/we.html; https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/gz.html). The figure for the West Bank includes East Jerusalem and Jerusalem No Man's Land, but excludes Mount Scopus.[1]
  46. ^ Transnistria is claimed in whole by Moldova, and has limited international recognition
  47. ^ South Ossetia is claimed in whole by Georgia, and has limited international recognition
  48. ^ Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus is a self-declared state recognised only by Turkey.
  49. ^ Figure shown is from the 2007 data and the CIA World Factbook.[1][11] The UN figure of 1,969 km2 (760 sq mi) excludes the Agaléga Islands and Cargados Carajos.
  50. ^ Figure shown is from the CIA World Factbook.[1] UN figure of 2,235 km2 (863 sq mi) includes Mayotte 374 km2 (144 sq mi), an overseas department of France.
  51. ^ Alands Islands is an Autonomous region of Finland. As an Autonomous region of Finland, it is inside the European Union.
  52. ^ There are some lakes and streams of unknown area.
  53. ^ The figure shown is from the CIA World Factbook,[1] and refers to land area only. The UN figure excludes 84 km2 (32 sq mi) of uninhabited islands.
  54. ^ The figure shown is from the CIA Factbook.[1] The UN value of 539 km2 (208 sq mi) refers to habitable area only and excludes the country's central forest reserve.
  55. ^ The total area of Saint Helena is 122 square kilometres (47 sq mi), Ascension is 88 square kilometres (34 sq mi), and Tristan da Cunha is 98 square kilometres (38 sq mi).
  56. ^ Niue, in free association with New Zealand, has limited international recognition
  57. ^ The Cook Islands, in free association with New Zealand, has limited international recognition
  58. ^ a b Data is from the 2007 statistics.[11]
  59. ^ The UN gives no information for the British Indian Ocean Territory. The figure given here was taken from the CIA Factbook, and refers to land area only.[1]
  60. ^ The figure shown is from the CIA Factbook, and includes Henderson, Ducie, and Oeno Islands.[1] The UN figure is 5 km2 or 1.9 sq mi, and only includes area for Pitcairn island itself, the only inhabited island in the group.
  61. ^ Current statistics: March 2014 – Direcçāo dos Serviços de Cartografia e Cadastro (Cartography and Cadastre Bureau) Including University of Macau's New Hengqin Campus

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Field Listing – Area, The World Factbook, Central Intelligence Agency. Data last updated on July 5, 2011.
  2. ^ Central Intelligence Agency. "Definitions and notes: Location". The World Factbook. Government of the United States. Retrieved 30 November 2011. 
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