List of countries by bauxite production

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World bauxite output in 2005.

Bauxite is the most important aluminum ore. This form of rock consists mostly of the minerals gibbsite Al(OH)3, boehmite γ-AlO(OH), and diaspore α-AlO(OH), in a mixture that usually includes the two iron oxides goethite and hematite, and may include the clay mineral kaolinite, and small amounts of the titanium minerals anatase TiO2, Ilmenite, FeTiO3, and FeOTiO2.[1][2] Bauxite was named after the village Les Baux in southern France, where it was first recognised as containing aluminium and named by the French geologist Pierre Berthier in 1821.

List of producing countries[edit]

This is a list of countries by bauxite production in 2017.[3]

Rank Country/Region Bauxite (thousand tonnes)
World 300,000
1 Australia Australia 83,000
2 China China 68,000
3 Guinea Guinea 45,000
4 Brazil Brazil 36,000
5 India India 19,000
6 Jamaica Jamaica 9,800
7 Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 5,500
8 Russia Russia 5,300
9 Suriname Suriname 2,700
10 Venezuela Venezuela 2,200
11 Greece Greece 2,100
12 Guyana Guyana 1,800
13 Vietnam Vietnam 1,000
14 Indonesia Indonesia 500
Other Countries 4,762


  1. ^ Geological Survey Professional Paper page b20
  2. ^ The Clay Minerals Society Glossary for Clay Science Project Archived 2016-04-16 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ U.S. Geological Survey, Mineral Commodity Summaries, January 2018 (PDF). U.S. Geological Survey. 2018. pp. 30–31.