List of countries by bauxite production

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World bauxite output in 2005.

Bauxite is the most important aluminum ore. This form of rock consists mostly of the minerals gibbsite Al(OH)3, boehmite γ-AlO(OH), and diaspore α-AlO(OH), in a mixture that usually includes the two iron oxides goethite and hematite, and may include the clay mineral kaolinite, and small amounts of the titanium minerals anatase TiO2, Ilmenite, FeTiO3, and FeOTiO2.[1][2] Bauxite was named after the village Les Baux in southern France, where it was first recognised as containing aluminium and named by the French geologist Pierre Berthier in 1821.

List of producing countries[edit]

This is a list of countries by bauxite production in 2018.[3]

2018 Bauxite production (thousand tonnes)
Rank Country Production
1 Australia Australia 86,400
2 China China 79,000
3 Guinea Guinea 57,000
4 Brazil Brazil 29,000
5 India India 23,000
6 Indonesia Indonesia 11,000
7 Jamaica Jamaica 10,100
8 Russia Russia 5,650
9 Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 5,000[4]
10 Vietnam Vietnam 4,100
11 Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia 3,890
12 Greece Greece 1,800[4]
13 Guyana Guyana 1,700[4]
 Other countries 9,000
 World 327,000


  1. ^ Geological Surveys Professional Paper page b20
  2. ^ The Clay Minerals Society Glossary for Clay Science Project Archived 2016-04-16 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ "Bauxite and Alumina 2020 Annual Publication" (PDF). U.S. Geological Survey. January 2020. Retrieved 29 June 2020.
  4. ^ a b c Production during the year 2016 "Bauxite and Alumina 2018 Annual Publication" (PDF). U.S. Geological Survey. January 2018. Retrieved 29 June 2020.