List of countries by carbon dioxide emissions per capita

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

CO₂ emissions per capita, 2017 (Our World in Data).
"Worldwide Co2 emissions" variwide chart
link=File:2018_AQAL_Group_variwide_chart_%22Worldwide_Co2_emissions%22.jpg

This is a list of countries by carbon dioxide emissions per capita. Countries are ranked by their metric tonnes of carbon dioxide emissions per capita in 2009. The data only consider carbon dioxide emissions from the burning of fossil fuels and cement manufacture, but not emissions from land use such as deforestation. Emissions from international shipping or bunker fuels are also not included in national figures,[1] which can make a significant difference for small countries with important ports.

The carbon dioxide emissions of a country are only an indicator of one greenhouse gas. For a more complete idea of how a country influences climate change, gases such as methane and nitrous oxide should be taken into account. This is particularly so in agricultural economies.

Carbon dioxide emissions are also known for earlier periods. A study of a global sample of twelve countries provide estimates for CO
2
emissions since 1800 and explores the long-run drivers of carbon dioxide emissions by decomposing changes in carbon emissions into population, income, technological and energy mix changes.[2]

Annual carbon dioxide emissions [tonnes] per capita[edit]

CO2 emissions by country name (only fossil fuels and cement manufacture, metric tons per capita for values up to 2014)[3], 2015 and 2018 figures are from Emissions Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR) and include all human activities leading to climate relevant emissions, except biomass/biofuel combustion (short-cycle carbon)[4]
1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2018
 Afghanistan 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
 Albania 1.9 2.7 1.7 0.7 1.0 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.8 1.7 1.7 2.0 1.6 1.6
 Algeria 3.4 3.2 3.0 3.3 2.8 3.2 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.5 3.5 3.7 3.9 3.9
 American Samoa .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 ..
 Andorra .. .. 7.5 6.7 8.0 6.4 6.1 6.1 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.9 6.0
 Angola 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.8 0.6 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.0
 Antigua and Barbuda 1.9 3.6 4.2 3.7 4.1 5.2 5.4 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.4 6.2 6.2
 Argentina 3.9 3.3 3.4 3.7 3.8 4.7 4.4 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.7 4.9 4.7
 Armenia .. .. .. 1.1 1.1 1.9 1.5 1.5 1.7 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.7 2.0
 Aruba .. .. 26.4 20.8 26.2 26.2 25.9 24.7 24.5 13.2 8.4 8.4 9.2 9.3
 Australia 15.0 15.3 15.5 15.6 17.2 18.2 18.2 17.7 17.5 17.1 16.1 15.4 16.9 16.8
 Austria 6.9 7.2 7.5 7.5 7.8 8.3 7.5 8.1 7.7 7.4 7.4 6.9 8.0 8.2
 Azerbaijan .. .. .. 4.3 3.7 4.1 3.6 3.4 3.6 3.8 3.8 3.9 3.4 3.5
 Bahamas 37.9 6.4 7.6 6.0 5.6 4.3 4.6 4.6 5.1 5.3 7.4 6.3 7.7 7.7
 Bahrain 21.9 24.3 25.1 26.3 28.1 26.7 23.8 23.6 22.4 20.5 23.8 23.4 24.6 21.8
 Bangladesh 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6
 Barbados 2.7 3.3 4.1 3.1 4.4 5.8 5.8 5.3 5.4 5.2 5.1 4.5 11.2 11.6
 Belarus .. .. .. 6.0 5.4 6.6 6.4 6.6 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.4 6.8
 Belgium 13.7 10.6 10.6 11.1 11.2 9.8 9.2 10.2 9.0 8.5 8.7 8.3 9.2 9.2
 Belize 1.3 1.2 1.7 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.9 1.7 1.8 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.2 1.2
 Benin 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7
 Bermuda 8.0 7.9 8.5 8.9 8.4 9.9 7.3 9.3 6.9 7.4 7.1 8.8 6.9 7.2
 Bhutan 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.7 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.6 1.9
 Bolivia 0.8 0.7 0.8 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.8 2.0
 Bosnia and Herzegovina .. .. .. 0.9 3.7 5.4 5.5 5.7 6.5 6.1 6.1 6.2 6.8 7.8
 Botswana 1.0 1.0 2.0 1.9 2.2 2.3 1.9 2.3 2.0 2.0 2.5 3.2 3.2 3.2
 Brazil 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.6 1.9 2.0 1.9 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.4
 British Virgin Islands 2.7 3.6 4.0 4.6 5.0 6.3 6.2 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.1 4.9 4.8
 Brunei 35.5 11.6 23.9 16.1 14.1 24.0 20.5 21.1 24.6 24.2 19.2 22.1 15.6 16.0
 Bulgaria 8.7 10.0 8.5 6.9 5.3 6.8 5.7 6.0 6.7 6.1 5.5 5.9 6.8 6.3
 Burkina Faso 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
 Burundi 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
 Cape Verde 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.5 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.0 1.0 0.9 1.6 1.9
 Cambodia 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.7
 Cameroon 0.5 0.6 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.6 0.6
 Canada 18.0 16.3 15.7 15.9 17.4 16.9 16.0 15.7 15.6 14.9 14.6 15.2 16.4 16.1
 Cayman Islands 10.0 9.9 10.0 11.5 11.2 11.0 10.3 10.0 10.4 9.3 9.2 9.2 8.2 8.1
 Central African Republic 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
 Chad 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0
 Chile 2.2 1.8 2.5 2.9 3.9 4.3 4.0 4.3 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.7 4.8 5.0
 China 1.5 1.9 2.2 2.8 2.7 5.7 6.0 6.6 7.2 7.4 7.6 7.5 7.7 8.0
 Colombia 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.9 1.8 1.6 1.8
 Comoros 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0
 Republic of the Congo 0.2 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 1.2 1.3
 Cook Islands .. .. 2.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2.3 2.4
 Costa Rica 1.0 0.8 1.0 1.4 1.4 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.8
 Ivory Coast 0.8 0.7 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6
 Croatia .. .. .. 3.6 4.4 5.1 4.8 4.6 4.6 4.2 4.1 4.0 4.4 4.7
 Cuba 3.2 3.2 3.2 2.4 2.3 2.7 2.6 3.4 3.2 3.2 3.0 3.0 2.7 2.4
 Curaçao .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 39.4 33.9 37.7 46.7 52.1
 Cyprus 4.7 4.4 5.7 6.3 7.3 7.9 7.4 6.9 6.6 6.1 5.2 5.3 5.5 6.3
 Czech Republic .. .. .. 12.0 12.1 11.2 10.3 10.7 10.2 9.6 9.4 9.2 10.1 10.4
 Denmark 11.8 11.7 9.8 10.9 9.6 8.5 8.1 8.4 7.3 6.5 6.9 5.9 6.0 5.8
 Djibouti 1.0 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 1.0 1.1
 Dominica 0.5 0.6 0.8 1.1 1.5 1.9 1.9 2.0 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.7 1.7
 Dominican Republic 1.1 1.1 1.3 2.0 2.3 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.3
 Ecuador 1.7 2.1 1.6 2.0 1.6 2.3 2.5 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.8 2.7 2.6
 Egypt 1.0 1.3 1.3 1.5 2.0 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.2 2.5 2.5
 El Salvador 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.2 1.2
 Equatorial Guinea 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.7 5.2 5.1 4.9 6.2 4.9 4.8 4.7 3.0 2.5
 Eritrea .. .. .. 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 .. .. .. 0.1 0.2
 Estonia .. .. .. 12.2 10.6 13.1 10.9 13.6 14.0 13.3 15.1 14.8 15.1 18.6
 Eswatini 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.5 1.1 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
 Ethiopia 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
 Falkland Islands .. .. 6.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 13.0 13.6
 Faroe Islands .. .. 0.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.0 0.0
 Fiji 1.3 0.8 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.1 0.9 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4
 Finland 12.2 10.1 10.4 10.3 10.1 10.6 10.0 11.6 10.5 9.1 8.7 8.7 8.4 8.8
 France 9.1 7.1 6.4 5.9 5.9 5.7 5.4 5.4 5.1 5.1 5.1 4.6 5.0 5.0
 French Guiana .. .. 3.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2.7 2.6
 French Polynesia 1.9 3.3 2.2 2.0 2.4 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9 1.9 2.0
 Gabon 9.1 7.6 4.7 4.3 3.8 2.7 2.7 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8 3.4 3.2
 Gambia 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3
 Georgia .. .. .. 0.5 1.0 1.3 1.6 1.6 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.4 2.6 2.8
 Germany .. .. .. 10.6 10.1 9.5 8.8 9.3 9.1 9.2 9.4 8.9 9.6 9.1
 Ghana 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.7
 Gibraltar 2.9 1.5 4.9 9.1 10.7 13.0 14.0 14.0 13.5 13.7 14.5 15.5 16.8 19.6
 Greece 5.3 6.1 7.3 7.5 8.5 8.7 8.3 7.5 7.2 7.2 6.3 6.2 6.3 6.5
 Greenland 11.2 9.6 10.0 9.0 9.5 11.7 10.2 11.7 12.4 10.0 9.8 9.0 9.2 9.4
 Grenada 0.5 0.6 1.1 1.5 1.9 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.4 2.6 2.9 2.3 2.6 2.7
 Guadeloupe .. .. 2.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 5.0 5.2
 Guam .. .. 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
 Guatemala 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.7 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 1.2 1.0 1.2
 Guinea 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
 Guinea-Bissau 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
 Guyana 2.3 1.8 1.5 1.9 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.3 2.4 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.2 2.5
 Haiti 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3
 Honduras 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.7 0.8 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.1
 Hong Kong 3.3 4.2 4.8 5.1 6.1 6.3 6.0 5.8 6.2 6.1 6.3 6.4 6.2 6.1
 Hungary 8.1 8.1 6.7 5.8 5.5 5.5 4.8 5.0 4.8 4.5 4.3 4.3 4.8 5.4
 Iceland 8.2 6.7 7.8 7.3 7.7 6.7 6.4 6.2 5.9 5.6 5.9 6.1 11.6 12.1
 India 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.8 1.0 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.9
 Indonesia 0.6 0.7 0.8 1.1 1.2 1.8 1.9 1.8 2.5 2.6 1.9 1.8 1.9 2.1
 Iran 3.1 3.4 3.7 4.5 5.6 7.4 7.5 7.7 7.8 8.0 8.0 8.3 7.8 8.9
 Iraq 3.3 2.9 2.7 3.7 3.1 3.2 3.5 3.6 4.2 4.7 4.9 4.8 4.4 4.8
 Ireland 7.7 7.6 8.9 9.1 10.8 9.6 8.9 8.8 7.8 7.7 7.5 7.3 8.1 7.7
 Isle of Man .. .. .. .. .. .. 8.0 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.2 .. .. ..
 Israel 5.5 5.9 7.8 9.2 9.6 9.3 8.6 9.0 8.9 9.5 8.3 7.9 8.3 7.9
 Italy 6.9 6.6 7.4 7.6 7.9 7.6 6.8 6.8 6.7 6.2 5.7 5.3 6.0 5.8
 Jamaica 3.9 2.2 3.1 3.6 3.9 3.7 2.8 2.6 2.8 2.6 2.8 2.6 2.6 2.7
 Japan 8.1 7.6 8.9 9.4 9.6 9.4 8.6 9.1 9.3 9.6 9.8 9.5 9.6 9.4
 Jordan 2.0 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.0 3.3 3.2 2.9 2.9 3.1 2.9 3.0 2.8 2.6
 Kazakhstan .. .. .. 10.7 7.9 14.9 13.3 15.2 15.6 14.5 15.4 14.4 14.6 16.8
 Kenya 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4
 Kiribati 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.3 0.3
 North Korea .. .. 6.5 .. 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.7 1.9 2.0 1.4 1.6 1.0 1.2
 South Korea 3.5 4.4 5.8 8.3 9.5 10.3 10.3 11.4 11.8 11.6 11.7 11.6 12.6 13.6
Kosovo .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 5.7 ..
 Kuwait 18.0 16.8 24.3 34.0 26.1 31.2 31.0 29.9 28.5 30.1 27.3 25.2 24.3 23.9
 Kyrgyzstan .. .. .. 1.0 0.9 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.4 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.8 1.7
 Laos 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5
 Latvia .. .. .. 3.8 2.7 3.6 3.4 3.8 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.9 4.1
 Lebanon 2.4 3.0 3.0 4.5 4.7 4.2 5.0 4.6 4.5 4.6 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.2
 Lesotho .. .. 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.2 0.3 0.3
 Liberia 1.1 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3
 Libya 8.4 8.1 8.3 9.3 8.8 9.3 9.5 10.0 6.4 8.5 9.1 9.2 8.3 8.7
 Liechtenstein .. .. .. .. .. 1.8 1.4 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.2 .. ..
 Lithuania .. .. .. 4.5 3.5 4.7 4.0 4.3 4.6 4.6 4.3 4.4 4.6 5.0
 Luxembourg 30.3 25.0 26.2 20.4 18.9 22.4 20.9 21.6 21.1 20.1 18.5 17.4 16.5 16.9
 Macau 2.2 2.6 3.0 3.2 3.8 2.6 3.9 2.6 2.6 2.3 2.1 2.2 1.8 2.0
 North Macedonia .. .. .. 5.5 5.9 4.5 4.2 4.2 4.5 4.3 3.8 3.6 3.8 3.9
 Madagascar 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 02. 0.2
 Malawi 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
 Malaysia 2.0 2.3 3.1 5.9 5.4 7.5 7.2 7.8 7.7 7.5 8.0 8.0 8.1 8.0
 Maldives 0.3 0.3 0.8 1.0 1.6 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.9 2.7 3.3 2.0 2.0
 Mali 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
 Malta 3.2 3.6 6.1 5.6 5.3 6.3 5.8 6.2 6.1 6.4 5.5 5.4 4.0 3.5
 Marshall Islands .. .. 1.0 1.3 1.5 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9 .. ..
 Martinique .. .. 2.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 6.1 6.4
 Mauritania 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.7
 Mauritius 0.6 0.7 1.4 1.6 2.3 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.4 3.2 3.5
 Mexico 3.9 3.7 3.7 3.5 3.9 4.3 4.1 4.0 4.1 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.8
 Federated States of Micronesia .. .. .. 1.0 1.2 1.1 1.6 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.4 .. ..
 Moldova .. .. .. 3.0 1.0 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 2.0 2.1
 Monaco .. .. .. .. .. 2.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. 5.0 5.0
 Mongolia 4.1 4.7 4.6 3.4 3.1 4.6 4.9 5.1 7.8 9.3 13.5 7.1 5.8 6.3
 Montenegro .. .. .. .. .. 4.5 3.0 4.2 4.1 3.8 3.6 3.6 6.0 6.3
 Morocco 0.8 0.8 0.9 1.1 1.2 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.9
 Mozambique 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3
 Myanmar 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.5 0.6
 Namibia .. .. 0.0 1.0 0.9 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.5 1.1 1.6 1.7 1.7
 Nauru 16.7 15.3 13.6 10.7 8.4 4.4 4.1 4.4 4.0 3.9 4.1 4.0 .. ..
   Nepal 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3
 Netherlands 12.5 10.2 10.6 11.6 10.9 10.8 10.4 11.0 10.4 10.2 10.3 9.9 10.0 9.5
 New Caledonia 14.3 9.4 9.3 10.7 10.5 11.8 12.1 14.2 14.3 14.0 16.1 16.0 18.7 26.2
 New Zealand 5.6 6.7 7.1 7.4 8.5 8.0 7.5 7.3 7.2 7.7 7.5 7.7 7.8 7.7
 Nicaragua 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 1.0
 Niger 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
 Nigeria 0.9 0.8 0.4 0.3 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6
 Norway 9.3 9.8 7.4 7.7 8.8 11.7 11.5 12.3 9.1 9.9 11.5 9.3 8.8 9.4
 Oman 5.2 5.8 6.3 7.2 9.7 15.5 14.3 15.6 16.7 17.1 16.5 15.4 18.8 17.6
 Pakistan 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0
 Palau 12.9 11.8 15.6 13.6 13.0 12.5 12.1 12.4 12.3 12.2 12.3 12.3 56.1 58.0
 Panama 1.6 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.9 2.1 2.4 2.5 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.3 2.9 2.8
 Papua New Guinea 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.5 0.5
 Paraguay 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.1
 Peru 1.4 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.2 1.4 1.8 2.0 1.7 1.8 1.9 2.0 1.7 1.8
 Philippines 0.8 0.5 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.4
 Poland 13.1 12.0 9.7 8.9 7.8 8.3 7.8 8.3 8.3 7.9 7.9 7.5 8.0 8.8
 Portugal 2.8 2.7 4.2 5.2 6.1 5.3 5.1 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.3 5.0 5.1
 Puerto Rico .. .. 0.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.8 0.9
 Qatar 58.5 33.4 24.7 61.9 58.6 46.7 43.5 40.7 41.2 44.6 37.8 45.4 39.4 38.2
 Réunion .. .. 1.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.1 3.4
 Romania 8.8 8.5 7.5 5.6 4.0 4.7 4.0 3.9 4.2 4.1 3.6 3.5 4.0 4.1
 Russia .. .. .. 11.0 10.6 12.0 11.0 11.7 12.3 12.8 12.4 11.9 11.8 12.1
 Rwanda 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
 Samoa 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.8 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.6 0.7
 San Marino .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 6.0 5.8
 São Tomé and Príncipe 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7
 Saudi Arabia 17.4 13.1 11.4 12.6 14.3 16.6 17.6 18.9 17.7 19.4 18.1 19.5 19.3 18.6
 Senegal 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7
 Serbia .. .. .. .. .. 7.1 6.3 6.3 6.8 6.1 6.3 5.3 6.0 6.3
 Seychelles 1.5 2.3 2.2 2.6 7.1 8.0 6.0 4.9 3.9 5.0 4.5 5.4 9.5 10.3
 Sierra Leone 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
 Singapore 13.0 12.2 14.6 12.0 12.2 7.5 11.2 11.0 8.7 6.8 10.3 10.3 9.3 9.7
 Sint Maarten .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 20.1 19.5 19.5 .. ..
 Slovakia .. .. .. 7.9 6.7 7.0 6.3 6.7 6.4 6.1 6.1 5.7 6.4 7.0
 Slovenia .. .. .. 7.2 7.2 8.6 7.5 7.5 7.4 7.2 6.9 6.2 6.9 7.5
 Solomon Islands 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.2
 Somalia 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1
 South Africa 7.7 9.6 8.3 8.6 8.3 9.9 9.9 9.2 9.0 8.8 8.7 9.0 8.6 8.3
 South Sudan .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.4
 Spain 5.7 5.2 5.6 6.1 7.3 7.2 6.2 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.1 5.0 5.9 6.0
 Sri Lanka 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.1
 Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha .. .. 1.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.7 4.4
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 1.2 1.2 2.6 3.0 3.8 4.3 4.4 4.3 4.4 4.2 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.4
 Saint Lucia 1.0 1.0 1.2 2.1 2.1 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.1 2.1
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon .. .. 23.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12.0 12.5
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.2 1.4 2.1 2.9 2.0 1.8 2.3 1.9 1.9 1.6 1.7
 Sudan 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 .. 0.4 0.4
 Suriname 6.5 4.3 4.3 4.7 4.6 3.8 3.8 4.6 3.7 4.2 3.5 3.6 3.8 4.0
 Sweden 8.6 7.5 6.1 6.2 5.6 5.3 4.6 5.5 5.5 4.9 4.7 4.5 4.5 4.5
  Switzerland 6.4 6.2 6.3 5.6 5.4 5.3 5.4 5.0 4.7 4.7 5.0 4.3 4.8 4.8
 Syria 2.3 2.8 3.0 2.9 3.1 3.3 3.0 2.9 2.7 2.2 1.8 1.6 1.6 1.6
 Taiwan .. .. 6.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 11.3 12.0
 Tajikistan .. .. .. 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.7
 Tanzania 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
 Thailand 0.8 0.9 1.6 2.7 2.9 3.8 4.0 4.2 4.1 4.4 4.4 4.6 4.0 4.1
 Timor-Leste .. .. .. .. .. 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.2
 Togo 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4
 Tonga 0.4 0.5 0.8 1.0 1.0 1.2 1.3 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
 Trinidad and Tobago 15.6 17.7 13.9 13.6 18.8 33.7 34.0 36.1 35.2 33.9 34.5 34.2 26.7 26.2
 Tunisia 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.7 2.1 2.4 2.4 2.6 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8
 Turkey 1.7 2.2 2.7 2.9 3.4 4.0 3.9 4.1 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.5 4.7 5.1
 Turkmenistan .. .. .. 8.1 8.3 11.5 10.1 11.3 12.1 12.3 12.4 12.5 13.4 14.4
 Turks and Caicos Islands .. .. 2.5 3.1 3.7 6.1 5.9 6.2 6.0 6.1 6.0 6.1 4.8 4.7
 Tuvalu .. .. 0.8 0.8 0.8 1.1 1.1 0.7 0.7 1.0 1.0 1.0 .. ..
 Uganda 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
 Ukraine .. .. .. 8.7 6.5 6.7 5.6 6.6 6.3 6.5 6.0 5.0 4.8 4.5
 United Arab Emirates 35.4 35.9 28.0 28.8 35.7 22.8 21.9 19.4 19.1 19.8 19.0 23.3 22.1 22.4
 United Kingdom 10.3 9.9 9.7 9.3 9.2 8.4 7.6 7.9 7.1 7.4 7.1 6.5 6.3 5.6
 United States 20.8 18.9 19.3 19.3 20.2 18.5 17.2 17.4 17.0 16.3 16.3 16.5 16.3 16.1
 Uruguay 2.0 1.1 1.3 1.4 1.6 2.5 2.4 1.9 2.3 2.6 2.2 2.0 2.0 2.0
 Uzbekistan .. .. .. 4.5 4.9 4.5 3.9 3.6 3.9 3.9 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.1
 Vanuatu 0.5 0.9 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.3 0.3
 Venezuela 5.9 5.8 6.2 6.0 6.2 6.4 6.3 6.5 6.0 6.6 6.1 6.0 5.1 3.7
 Vietnam 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.7 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.8 2.2 2.8
 United States Virgin Islands .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
West Bank and Gaza .. .. .. .. 0.3 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 .. .. ..
 Yemen 0.4 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.8 1.0 1.1 1.0 0.8 0.7 1.0 0.9 0.5 0.4
 Zambia 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
 Zimbabwe 1.3 1.2 1.5 1.3 1.1 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
CO2 emissions ranked by 2009 emissions (only fossil fuels and cement manufacture, metric tons per capita)
Rank Country 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
1.  Qatar 25.2 36.7 54.3 60.9 58.7 58.6 59.2 65.8 57.0 53.3 56.3 43.2 40.9 41.8 50.5 64.2 49.5 55.4 48.6 44.0 42.6 44.0
2.  Trinidad and Tobago 13.9 17.1 17.0 13.5 15.8 16.6 17.1 15.0 15.0 17.7 18.9 19.2 20.6 21.2 24.0 23.5 26.1 27.9 37.3 35.8 38.3 37.1
3.  Netherlands Antilles 32.6 26.9 22.6 35.0 34.3 34.1 32.5 34.2 1.5 11.6 31.6 32.2 31.0 30.1 31.3 30.7 29.4 32.5 31.9 31.0
4.  Kuwait 19.0 5.1 10.0 16.9 20.8 30.8 28.5 33.8 32.3 31.4 31.9 28.8 26.2 28.9 31.1 33.3 31.1 30.7 31.3 30.3 29.7 28.1
5.  Brunei 25.0 22.0 21.4 20.0 18.8 18.7 18.5 18.7 18.8 14.1 19.6 18.2 17.1 16.4 16.7 15.4 14.5 25.3 27.6 23.7 21.9 24.4
6.  United Arab Emirates 29.4 30.2 29.5 31.1 33.1 30.3 16.9 16.4 34.2 29.0 39.1 33.3 23.3 28.2 28.7 28.3 28.7 25.3 24.7 22.6 20.1 20.4
7.  Aruba 29.1 29.4 25.0 24.3 23.2 22.5 22.1 22.0 19.5 19.3 24.9 24.4 24.1 23.6 23.1 22.9 22.5 23.0 21.7 21.5 24.2 23.9
8.  Bahrain 24.1 22.6 20.1 27.8 27.2 27.7 26.3 28.5 29.6 28.4 30.4 22.7 24.7 25.3 25.4 27.1 28.6 24.2 23.1 20.7 18.4 17.9
9.  Luxembourg 25.9 27.6 30.2 27.3 25.4 20.4 20.4 18.8 17.3 17.8 18.9 19.4 21.0 21.9 24.1 24.4 24.1 22.8 21.9 20.4 21.6 20.9
10.  Falkland Islands 18.5 17.9 17.2 16.4 15.7 16.3 17.2 18.1 13.4 13 12.8 15 14.9 16.2 17.2 17.1 19.8 19.8 19.7 19.6
11.  Australia 17.2 16.6 16.9 17.2 17.1 17.1 18.1 18.0 18.7 17.3 17.2 16.6 17.1 17.1 16.9 17.9 18.0 18.1 18.3 18.3 16.7 16.5
12.  United States 19.1 18.9 18.6 19.5 19.5 19.3 19.4 19.7 19.5 19.5 20.0 19.3 19.4 19.2 19.3 19.3 18.8 19.3 18.5 17.2 17.5 17.0
13.  Saudi Arabia 13.2 16.0 16.7 18.0 17.4 12.9 13.8 11.3 10.5 11.2 14.3 13.8 14.8 14.4 15.0 15.5 15.9 15.4 16.0 16.1 19.0 18.1
14.  Canada 16.2 16.0 16.5 16.7 15.7 15.7 15.8 16.2 15.9 15.7 17.5 17.0 16.7 17.5 17.3 17.3 16.8 16.5 16.4 15.3 14.6 14.1
15.  Oman 5.6 5.7 6.1 6.6 7.2 7.3 6.8 6.9 7.2 8.8 9.2 8.4 10.3 12.6 12.1 13.1 14.9 17.7 16.0 15.2 19.1 20.2
16.  Gibraltar 3.4 3.7 3.2 11.7 14.0 12.1 6.7 4.2 10.9 11.2 11.6 11.8 11.7 11.9 12.1 12.3 12.7 13.9 14.4 14.8 15.4 14.6
17.  Faroe Islands 13.2 12.7 14.4 13.4 11.9 14.7 15.1 15.1 15.1 15.0 14.4 14.3 14.2 14.2 14.0 14.0 14.1 14.3 14.6 14.6 13.0 11.7
18.  Nauru 14.4 14.1 14.3 14.0 13.8 13.9 13.9 13.8 13.8 13.5 13.5 13.8 13.8 14.2 14.2 14.1 14.1 14.1 14.0 14.4 5.5 5.1
19.  Kazakhstan - - 15.9 13.6 12.4 10.5 9.0 8.4 8.2 7.7 8.5 9.9 10.2 10.3 11.4 11.7 12.6 14.2 14.7 14.3 15.1 15.8
20.  Montserrat 3.1 3.1 3.4 3.4 3.4 4.3 4.3 5.9 7.4 8.4 11.1 12.7 14.1 14 13.1 12.4 13.3 13.2 13.1 13.1
21.  New Caledonia 9.5 10.2 9.9 9.6 9.1 9 8.9 9 8.7 9.6 10.7 9.7 10.9 12.1 11 11.9 11.6 12.4 13.7 12.0 15.7 15.2
22.  Estonia - - 16.4 13.5 13.8 12.6 13.5 13.7 12.7 11.6 11.7 12 11.8 13.6 13.9 13.6 13.1 14.9 13.7 11.9 13.8 14.0
23.  Russia - - 14 12.8 10.9 10.5 10.4 10 9.6 9.7 9.8 9.9 9.9 10.2 10.4 10.6 11.7 11.6 12.0 11.0 12.2 12.6
24.  Saint Pierre and Miquelon 14.6 16.4 15.1 11.6 11.1 11.1 11.1 7.6 8.7 8.7 8.8 8.8 9.5 10.6 10 10.7 10.8 10.8 10.9 10.9
25.  South Korea 5.6 6.1 6.5 7.1 7.7 8.3 9 9.4 8 8.8 9.5 9.6 10.1 10.1 10.4 9.7 9.9 10.5 10.6 10.6 11.5 11.8
26.  Czech Republic - - 13.5 12.8 12.3 12.5 12.9 12.9 12.5 11 12.3 12.3 12 12.2 12.2 12 12.1 12.1 11.3 10.4 10.6 10.4
27.  Taiwan[5][6] 6.2 6.7 7.2 7.7 8.0 8.4 8.7 9.3 9.7 9.4 9.8 10.2 10.6 10.9 11.5 11.6 11.8 12.1 11.2 10.3
28.  Netherlands 11 11.5 11.1 11.3 11.3 11.4 12 11.6 11.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 10.7 10.9 10.9 10.6 10.1 10.5 10.5 10.2 10.9 10.1
29.  Greenland 10 9.9 8.7 9 9.1 9.1 9.3 9.4 9.5 9.7 9.5 9.6 9.5 9.4 7.5 9.4 8.3 11.1 10.0 10.1 11.7 12.4
30.  Libya 9.2 9.5 8.9 9.2 8.9 9.6 8.7 10.2 9.4 9 9.3 9.4 9.3 9.3 9.4 9.5 9.4 9.0 9.8 10.0 10.5 6.2
31.  Finland 10.2 11 9.8 10.3 11.7 10.2 12 11.7 11.1 10.7 10.1 10.9 11.7 13.2 12.8 10.4 12.6 12.1 10.7 10.0 11.5 10.2
32.  Norway 7.4 7.5 6.9 7.3 6.7 7.6 7.6 7.7 7.8 9.2 8.7 9.1 8.2 9.3 10.1 10 10.6 9.5 9.4 8.9 9.4 9.1 8.8
33.  Palau 15.7 15.4 7.3 6.8 6.6 6.7 6.7 6.5 6.3 6.2 6.1 9.4 9.3 9.6 9.5 9.6 10.1 10.5 10.4 10.3 10.6 10.9
34.  Cayman Islands 9.7 10 9.7 9.6 9.2 8.8 8.4 8.1 7.8 7.3 11.3 10.6 10.3 10 9.8 9.8 9.9 9.8 10.0 10.3 10.1 10.3
35.  Cyprus 6.8 6.9 7.5 8 8.1 7.8 8 8.1 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.6 8.7 9.5 8.9 9 9.2 9.6 9.9 7.4 7.0 6.7
36.  Belgium 10.8 11.7 11.4 10.8 11.2 11.3 11.9 11.5 11.8 11.4 11.3 11.3 10.5 11.2 10.8 10.3 10.2 9.8 9.9 9.6 10.0 8.8
37.  Ireland 8.6 9.4 8.8 8.8 9.1 9.1 9.6 10 10.3 10.7 10.7 11.3 11 10.7 10.5 10.3 10.1 10.2 9.8 8.9 8.8 7.9
38.  Germany - 12 11.5 11.3 11.1 11 11.3 11 10.9 10.1 10.1 10.4 10.1 10.2 10.1 9.8 9.9 9.6 9.6 8.8 9.2 8.9
39.  Japan 9.4 9.4 9.5 9.4 9.9 9.9 10.1 10.1 9.7 9.5 9.7 9.6 9.7 9.9 9.9 9.7 9.7 9.8 9.5 8.6 9.1 9.3
40.  Turkmenistan - - 7.2 6.9 8.2 8.3 7.4 6.9 5.9 7.9 7.9 8.7 8.9 9.2 8.3 8.6 8.9 9.2 9.5 10.1 11.4 12.2
41.  Greece 7.2 6.6 7.3 7.2 7.4 7.4 7.5 7.8 8.1 7.9 8.4 8.5 8.5 8.7 8.8 8.9 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.5 7.8 7.6
42.  South Africa 9.1 9.2 8.4 8.7 8.9 8.5 8.5 8.7 8.5 8.4 8.2 8 7.5 8.1 8.7 8.5 8.3 8.8 8.8 9.6 9.0 9.3
43.  United Kingdom 10 10.3 10.2 9.8 9.7 9.7 10 9.5 9.5 9.1 9.2 9.3 9 9.1 9.1 9 9.1 8.9 8.5 7.6 7.8 7.1
44.  Slovenia - - 6.4 6.5 5.5 7.1 7.6 8 7.7 7.6 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.6 8.1 8.5 7.5 7.5 7.5
45.  Denmark 9.8 11.9 10.5 11.5 11.7 10.7 13 11 10.5 9.5 8.8 9.2 9.6 10.4 9.4 8.6 9.9 9.2 8.4 8.1 8.4 7.2
46.  Poland 9.1 9.1 8.9 9.2 8.7 9 9.3 9.1 8.5 8.2 7.8 7.9 7.7 8 8 7.9 8.4 8.3 8.3 7.8 8.3 8.3
47.  Bosnia and Herzegovina - - 1.0 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.1 2.2 2.8 2.7 3.6 3.5 3.8 3.8 4.0 4.2 4.6 4.6 5.2 5.4 5.5 6.2
48.  Seychelles 1.6 2 2.2 2.2 2.5 2.5 2.6 5.3 5.6 6.4 7 7.9 6.6 6.8 9.4 8.4 9 7.5 8.1 8.5 7.7 6.8
49.  Austria 7.9 8.5 7.8 7.4 7.3 7.6 7.7 7.7 7.9 7.7 7.7 7.9 8.1 8.6 8.5 8.8 8.7 8.3 8.1 7.6 8.1 7.8
 European Union 8.8 7.2 8.2 8.3 8.1 8.1 8.6 8.6
50.  New Zealand 7.1 7.2 7.5 7.2 7.2 7.3 8 8.3 7.9 8.3 8.5 8.7 8.5 8.4 8.3 8.1 8 7.8 7.8 7.5 7.3 7.1
51.  Malaysia 3.1 3.7 3.9 4.7 4.7 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.1 4.7 5.4 5.8 5.6 6.5 6.7 7.2 7.1 7.3 7.7 7.4 8.0 7.9
52.  Italy 7.5 7.6 7.6 7.4 7.2 7.7 7.5 7.6 7.7 7.7 7.8 7.8 7.8 8 8 8 7.9 7.7 7.5 6.8 6.8 6.7
53.  Spain 5.9 6 6.3 5.8 6.2 6.5 6.4 6.7 6.9 7.1 7.3 7.3 7.6 7.7 8 8.2 8.0 8.1 7.4 6.2 5.8 5.8
54.  Iran 4 4 4.2 3.8 4.8 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.9 4.8 5.1 5.3 5.5 5.8 6.1 6 6.7 6.8 7.3 7.6 7.7 7.8
55.  Equatorial Guinea 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.6 0.3 0.9 0.9 5.7 8.9 10.4 7.9 7.7 7.6 7.5 7.3 6.5 6.4 8.9
 China 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.9 3.4 3.9 4.3 4.6 4.9 5.3 6.2 6.6 7.2
56.  Iceland 8.1 7.9 7.3 7.6 7.6 7.3 8.2 7.7 7.6 7.4 7.7 7.4 7.6 7.5 7.7 7.5 7.4 7.6 7.1 6.4 6.2 5.9
57.  Ukraine - - 11.9 10.1 8.3 8.4 7.8 6.5 6.3 6.4 6.2 6.3 6.3 7.1 7 7 6.8 6.9 7.0 5.6 6.6 6.3
58.  Singapore 15.6 15.3 15.8 16.7 19.4 13.5 15.4 18.7 16.2 13.3 13 12.9 12.4 11.8 12.1 11.8 11.0 8.0 7.0 4.8 2.7 4.3
69.  Slovakia - - 8.6 7.7 7.6 8.1 8 7.8 8 7.4 6.8 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.3 7.2 6.9 7.0 6.3 6.7 6.4
60.  Bulgaria 8.7 6.8 6 7.9 6.4 7 6.7 6.4 6.2 5.3 5.4 5.7 5.5 6 5.8 6.1 6.3 6.8 6.7 5.7 6.0 6.7
61.  Belarus - - 9.6 7.8 7 6.3 6.3 6.1 5.9 5.8 5.9 5.9 6 6.3 6.6 6.6 6.4 6.2 6.5 6.3 6.6 6.7
62.  Andorra - - - - - 6.3 6.5 7 7.4 7.8 7.9 7.7 7.5 7.2 7.2 7.1 6.6 6.4 6.3 6.0 6.1 6.0
63.  Bahamas 7.6 6.8 6.7 6.3 6.1 6.0 5.9 4.8 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.2 5.1 4.8 5.3 4.9 4.5 4.5 3.0 4.6 6.8 5.2
64.  Malta 6 6 6.1 7.2 7.1 7.1 7.8 8.5 5.6 6.1 5.3 6.3 5.8 6.5 6.4 6.7 6.4 6.7 6.3 5.8 6.3 6.0
65.  France 7 7.5 6.9 6.8 6.4 6.8 7 6.5 7 6.3 6.2 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.2 6.1 6.1 5.5 5.5 5.2
66.  Venezuela 6.2 5.7 5.1 5.9 6 6 5.4 5.8 7.1 7.2 6.2 6.9 7.6 7.4 6.6 6.1 5.9 5.9 6.0 6.5 6.8 6.4
67.  Bermuda 10 8.5 6.7 7.9 7.7 7.6 7.7 7.7 7.4 7.9 7.9 7.8 8.3 8 10.5 6.9 8.1 8.0 6.0 7.1 7.3 6.1
68.  North Macedonia - - 5.6 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.9 5.4 6.3 5.9 6 5.9 5.4 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.6 5.8 4.2 4.2 4.5
69.  Hong Kong 4.8 5 5.7 5.9 5.1 5.1 4.6 4.8 6 6.5 6.1 5.6 5.5 5.9 5.6 5.9 5.6 5.8 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.7
70.  Hungary 6.1 6.3 5.8 5.9 5.7 6 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.9 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.9 5.8 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.5 4.9 5.1 4.9
71.  Azerbaijan - - 5.9 5.7 5.5 4.3 4 3.8 3.9 3.6 3.8 3.6 3.6 3.8 4 4.2 4.1 4.9 5.4 3.6 3.4 3.6
72.   Switzerland 6.4 6.2 6.3 5.9 5.9 5.6 5.7 5.9 5.9 5.7 5.4 5.9 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.6 5.6 5.1 5.4 5.4 5.0 4.6
73.  Israel 7.8 7.5 8.4 8.6 9.0 9.3 9.4 9.6 9.6 9.2 9.6 9.9 9.1 9.4 8.7 8.2 8.9 8.6 9.3 8.6 9.0 9.0
74.  Sweden 6 6.4 6.6 6.1 6.4 6.1 6.8 6.2 6.2 5.8 5.7 5.7 6.4 6.1 6 5.7 5.4 5.4 5.3 4.7 5.6 5.5
75.  Barbados 4.1 4.6 3.8 4.3 2.9 3.2 3.3 3.5 4.5 4.8 4.7 4.9 4.9 4.7 5 5.2 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.8 5.4 5.6
76.  Portugal 4.4 4.8 5.2 4.7 4.9 5.3 5 5.3 5.7 6.4 6.2 6.1 6.5 5.9 6 6.2 5.6 5.5 5.3 5.2 4.7 4.7
77.  Croatia - - 3.7 3.7 3.8 3.9 4.1 4.3 4.6 4.7 4.5 4.7 5 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.6 5.3 4.9 4.7 4.8
79.  Antigua and Barbuda 4.9 4.7 4.6 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.7 4.5 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.5 4.8 4.9 4.9 5 5.1 5.2 5.9 6.0 5.8
80.  Serbia - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7.3 7.1 7.1 6.3 6.3 6.8
81.  Saint Kitts and Nevis 1.6 1.8 1.8 2 2.1 2.2 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 3.9 4.2 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.7 4.9 4.9 5.0 5.0 5.1
82.  Turks and Caicos Islands - - - - - 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.7 4.2 3.9 3.6 4 4.5 4.9 4.8 5.9 6.2 6.0
83.  Argentina 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.6 3.5 3.7 3.8 3.8 4 3.8 3.8 3.5 3.8 4.1 4.1 4.4 4.7 4.8 4.4 4.3 4.6
84.  Martinique 5.8 5.1 5.6 5.5 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.3 4.1 4 4.2 4.4 4.5 4.7 4.8 4.8
85.  Guadeloupe 3.3 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.7 4.8 4.8 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.7
86.  Suriname 4.5 5.1 5 5.1 5 5 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.8 4.6 3.6
World 4.3 4.1 4.1 4.5 4.7 4.6 4.8 4.9
87.  Uzbekistan 5.3 5.4 4.9 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.8 5 4.7 4.6 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.6 3.9 3.7 3.9
88.  Lithuania 6 4.8 4.8 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.6 3.9 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 4.2 4.3 4.6 4.6 3.9 4.3 4.5
89.  British Virgin Islands 4.0 3.9 4.0 4.1 4.5 4.6 5.1 5.1 5.2 5.1 5.0 5.0 5.3 5.5 5.5 5.7 6.0 6.1 6.3 6.2 6.3 6.3
90.  Jamaica 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.9 4.1 4.2 3.9 3.8 4 4.1 3.9 4.1 4 3.8 4.5 5.2 4.5 3.2 2.7 2.9
91.  Mexico 4.3 4.1 4.3 3.9 4.1 3.8 3.9 4 4 4 3.9 4 3.9 4 4 4.2 4.2 4.4 4.1 3.9 3.8 3.9
92.  Romania 6.8 5.9 5.4 5.3 5.1 5.7 5.7 5.2 4.6 3.9 4 4.2 4.1 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.6 4.4 4.7 4.0 3.9 4.2
93.  Chile 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.8 3 3.4 3.8 3.9 4.1 3.9 3.5 3.6 3.5 4 4 4.1 4.3 4.3 4.0 4.2 4.6
94.  French Guiana 7 6.9 7 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.3 6.1 6.3 5.9 5.1 4.9 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.2 4.2 4.2
95.  Algeria 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.3 3.3 3 3.5 3.0 2.8 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.7 3.2 3.0 3.2 3.2 3.4 3.3 3.3
96.  Mongolia 4.5 5.4 4.9 4.1 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.3 3.4 3.2 3.4 3.5 3.7 4.1 3.8 4.1 4.2 6.9
97.  Thailand 1.7 2 2.2 2.4 2.7 3 3.3 3.4 3 3.2 3.2 3.4 3.6 3.8 4 4.1 4.2 4.1 4.0 4.2 4.5 4.5
98.  Turkey 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.7 2.9 3.1 3.2 3.2 3 3.3 2.9 3 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.6 4.1 4.1 3.9 4.1 4.4
99.  Jordan 3.2 2.8 3.3 3.1 3.3 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.6 3.8 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.2 3.3
100.  Anguilla - - - - - - - 1.7 2.5 2.4 3 3.2 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.7 3.6 3.5
101.  Réunion 2.4 2.8 2.8 2.7 3 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.6 3.3 3.4 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.5
102.  Cook Islands 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.6 1.7 1.9 1.6 1.8 2.9 3.2 3.4 3.4
103.  Iraq 2.9 2.6 3.2 3.4 3.7 3.7 3.2 3.1 3.1 3 3 3.4 3.4 3.1 3.3 3.4 3.6 2.2 3.2 3.5 3.6 4.2
104.  Latvia - - 5.1 4.5 4.3 3.8 3.8 3.4 3.3 2.8 2.6 2.9 2.8 3 3.1 3.1 3.3 3.4 3.6 3.4 4.0 3.8
105.  Syria 2.9 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.4 3.4 4 4 3.8 3.6 4.1 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.0 3.0 2.8
106.  Lebanon 3.1 3.1 3.6 3.6 3.8 3.9 3.9 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.1 4.2 4.1 4.8 4.2 4.3 3.6 3.3 4.2 5.0 4.6 4.5
107.  French Polynesia 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.1 2.7 2.7 2.5 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.8 3.1 3.1 3.3 3.1 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.2
108.  Mauritius 1.4 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.9 2.1 2.3 2.5 2.4 2.6 2.6 2.7 3 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.1
109.  Macau 2.8 2.9 2.8 3 3.2 3 3.4 3.5 3.7 3.5 3.7 3.8 3.3 3.3 3.6 3.8 3.3 3.1 2.6 2.8 2.2 2.1
110.  North Korea 12.2 12.3 12.3 12.4 12.1 11.9 11.7 10.6 2.9 3.1 3.4 3.5 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.0 3.2 3.1 3.0 3.0
111.  Maldives 0.7 0.8 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.1 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.7 1.7 2.0 2.3 2.0 2.5 2.2 2.7 2.6 2.8 3.0 3.0 3.0
112.  Botswana 1.6 1.5 2.3 2.4 2.3 2.3 2 2 2.3 2.1 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.5 2.2 2.6 2.3
113.  Niue 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.9 2 2 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.6
114.  Cuba 3.1 2.8 2.9 2.7 3 2.4 2.5 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.7 2.6 3.4 3.2
115.  Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 2.1 2.9 2.9 3.5 4.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.4
116.  Tunisia 1.6 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.9 2 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.4
117.  Egypt 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.8 1.8 2 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.9 2.1 2.3 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6
118.  Grenada 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.5 1.7 1.7 1.7 2 1.9 2 2 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.3 2.4 2.3 2.5 2.4 2.5 2.4
119.  Saint Lucia 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8 2.1 2.2 2.1 2 2.1 2.1 2.3 2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.3 2.3
120.  Ecuador 1.6 1.6 2.1 2.2 1.2 2 2.1 1.5 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.9 2 2 2 2 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.4 2.3 2.4
121.  Panama 1.3 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.8 1.3 1.8 2.1 2.1 2 2 2.3 1.9 2 1.8 1.9 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.4 2.5 2.6
122.  Dominican Republic 1.3 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.6 2 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.3 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.2
123.  Guyana 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.0 1.7 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.3 2.4
124.  Brazil 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.0 1.9 2.1 2.2
125.  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0.8 0.7 0.8 1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.7 1.7 1.8 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2
126.  Uruguay 1.3 1.5 1.6 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.7 1.7 1.7 2.0 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.7 1.7 2.0 1.8 2.5 2.4 1.9 2.3
127.  Wallis and Futuna - - - - - - - - - - - 1 1.2 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.9
128.  Costa Rica 1 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.6 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.7 1.7 1.7
129.  Dominica 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 1 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.5 1.7 1.5 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.7
130.  Indonesia 0.8 1 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.8 2.3
131.  Fiji 1.1 0.9 1 1 1.1 1.2 1.2 1 0.9 1 1.1 1.4 1.1 2 2.3 2 1.9 1.7 1.3 1.0 1.5 1.4
132.  Marshall Islands 1 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.0
133.  Tonga 0.8 1.0 0.7 0.9 1.0 1.0 0.8 1.0 0.9 1.1 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.3 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.1 1.0
 India 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9 1 1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7
134.  Armenia - - 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.1 0.8 1 1.1 1 1.1 1.2 1 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.5 1.7 1.9 1.5 1.4 1.7
135.  Morocco 0.9 1 1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
136.  Namibia 0.0 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.7 1.5 1.4 1.2
137.  Peru 1 0.9 0.9 1 1 1 1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.2 1 1 1 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.5 1.4 1.8 2.0 1.8
138.  Albania 2.3 1.2 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.6 1 1 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.4 1.3 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.6
139.  Angola 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.9 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.6 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
140.  Belize 1.6 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.4 1.7 1.5 2.5 2.7 2.8 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.7 1.7
141.  Bolivia 0.8 0.8 1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.1 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.1 1 1 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.6
142.  Colombia 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.7 1.6
143.  Gabon 5.0 1.5 2.1 3.2 3.2 3.6 3.2 3.1 1.4 1.2 0.9 1.4 1.4 1.1 1.4 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.4
144.  Georgia - - 3.1 2.0 1.3 0.5 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.2 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7 2.0
146.  Moldova - - 4.8 3.6 2.8 2.6 2.7 1.7 1.5 1.1 0.9 0.9 1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4
147.  Vietnam 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.8 2.0
148.  Honduras 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9 1 1.1 1.1 1 1.2 1.2 1.0 1.1 1.1
149.  El Salvador 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.8 1 1 1 1 1 1 1.1 1 1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.1
150.  Kyrgyzstan - - 2.5 1.9 1.3 1 1.2 1.2 1.2 1 0.9 0.8 1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.2
151.  Tajikistan - - 1.3 0.9 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
152.  Guatemala 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 1 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.7
153.  Yemen 0.8 0.8 1.1 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 0.9
154.  Bhutan 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.8
155.  Pakistan 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.9
156.  Samoa 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.3
157.  Eswatini 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.5 0.5 0.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1 1 1 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9
158.  Nicaragua 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
159.  Philippines 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9 1.1 1 1 1 1 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9
160.  São Tomé and Príncipe 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6
161.  Zimbabwe 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.1 1 1 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7
162.  Paraguay 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8
163.  Cape Verde 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.9
164.  Djibouti 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
165.  Mauritania 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
166.  Federated States of Micronesia - - - - - - - 0.7 0.7 1.1 1.3 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.2 1.6 1.2 1.2
167.  Nigeria 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5
168.  Palestine - - - - - - - 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.6
169.  Sri Lanka 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.8
170.  Benin 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
171.  Papua New Guinea 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.7 1.0 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.7
172.  Senegal 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.6
173.  Vanuatu 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6
174.  Western Sahara 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5
175.  Republic of the Congo 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.5
176.  Ghana 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4
177.  Solomon Islands 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
178.  Bangladesh 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4
179.  Cambodia 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
180.  Cameroon 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
181.  Ivory Coast 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3
182.  Kenya 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
183.  Kiribati 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.6
184.  Laos 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
185.  Myanmar 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
186.  Sudan 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
187.  Comoros 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
188.  Gambia 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2
189.  Guinea-Bissau 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
190.  Haiti 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2
191.  Liberia 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2
192.  Sierra Leone 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
193.  Timor-Leste - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
194.  Togo 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
195.  Zambia 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
196.  Burkina Faso 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
197.  Central African Republic 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
198.  Eritrea - - - - 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
199.  Ethiopia 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
200.  Guinea 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
201.  Madagascar 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
202.  Malawi 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
203.  Mozambique 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
204.    Nepal 0 0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2
205.  Niger 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
206.  Rwanda 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
207.  Somalia 0 0 0 0 0 0 - - - - 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
208.  Uganda 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
209.  Tanzania 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2
210.  Afghanistan 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.4
211.  Burundi 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
212.  Chad 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
213.  Democratic Republic of the Congo 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
214.  Mali 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
-  Soviet Union 13.5 13.0 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
-  Czechoslovakia 14.0 12.9 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
-  Yugoslavia 5.8 4.1 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

Source: United Nations Millennium Development Goals Indicators (accessed 27 September 2012).

  1. ^ Schrooten, L; De Vlieger, Ina; Int Panis, Luc; Styns, R. Torfs, K; Torfs, R (2008). "Inventory and forecasting of maritime emissions in the Belgian sea territory, an activity based emission model". Atmospheric Environment. 42 (4): 667–676. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2007.09.071.
  2. ^ Sofia Teives Henriques and Karol J. Borowiecki, "The Drivers of Long-run CO2 Emissions: A Global Perspective since 1800" EHES Working Papers in Economic History No. 62, 2014.
  3. ^ http://databank.worldbank.org/data/reports.aspx?source=2&series=EN.ATM.CO2E.PC&country=#
  4. ^ [https://op.europa.eu/en/publication-detail/-/publication/9d09ccd1-e0dd-11e9-9c4e-01aa75ed71a1/language-en EU publications: Fossil CO2 and GHG emissions of all world countries, 2019 report Study
  5. ^ CDIAC: Taiwan National CO2 Emissions from Fossil-Fuel Burning, Cement Manufacture, and Gas Flaring: 1751-2007
  6. ^ CDIAC: Top 20 Emitting Nations Based on Latest (2009) Per Capita Emissions

External links[edit]