List of countries by credit rating

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This is a list of countries by credit rating, showing long-term foreign currency credit ratings for sovereign bonds as reported by the largest three major credit rating agencies: Standard & Poor's, Fitch, and Moody's. The list also includes all country subdivisions not issuing sovereign bonds, but it excludes regions, provinces and municipalities issuing sub-sovereign bonds.

Countries' and regions' ratings in different methods[edit]

Standard & Poor's[edit]

Countries by Standard & Poor's long-term foreign rating. Legend:
AAA AA+ AA AA- A+ A A- BBB+ BBB BBB- BB+ BB BB- B+ B B- CCC+ CCC CCC- SD/D

For S&P, a bond is considered investment grade if its credit rating is BBB− or higher. Bonds rated BB+ and below are considered to be speculative grade, sometimes also referred to as "junk" bonds. An SD rating indicates that the country has selectively defaulted on some outstanding obligations[1][2]

Country/Region Rating Outlook Date Ref.
 Abu Dhabi, UAE 201 AA Stable 2012-02-20 [3]
 Albania 091 B+ Stable 2016-02-05 [4]
 Andorra 141 BBB Stable 2020-04-24 [5]
 Angola 061 CCC+ Stable 2020-03-26 [6]
 Argentina 061 CCC+ Stable 2020-09-07 [7]
 Aruba 141 BBB Stable 2021-03-15 [8]
 Australia 221 AAA Stable 2021-06-06 [9]
 Austria 211 AA+ Stable 2013-01-29 [3]
 Azerbaijan 121 BB+ Stable 2018-01-26 [10]
 Bahamas 110 BB Negative 2020-04-16 [11]
 Bahrain 091 B+ Stable 2020-03-26 [12]
 Bangladesh 101 BB- Stable 2010-04-05 [3]
 Barbados 071 B- Stable 2019-12-11 [13]
 Belarus 051 CCC Stable 2022-03-05 [14]
 Belgium 201 AA Stable 2018-04-04 [15]
 Belize 030 SD N/A 2021-05-24 [16]
 Bermuda 181 A+ Stable 2015-04-28 [3]
 Bolivia 090 B+ Negative 2021-03-24 [17]
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 081 B Stable 2020-04-30 [18]
 Botswana 150 BBB+ Negative 2020-09-18 [19]
 Brazil 101 BB- Stable 2020-04-06 [20]
 Bulgaria 141 BBB Stable 2020-05-29 [21]
 Burkina Faso 081 B Stable 2017-05-26 [22]
 Cambodia 081 B Stable 2011-10-31 [23]
 Cameroon 071 B- Stable 2020-04-10 [24]
 Canada 221 AAA Stable 2002-07-29 [15]
 Cape Verde 071 B- Stable 2021-02-19 [19]
 Chile 180 A Stable 2021-03-24

[25][26]

 China 181 A+ Stable 2017-09-21 [27]
 Colombia 130 BB+ Stable 2021-05-19 [28]
 Congo, D. R. 061 CCC+ Stable 2020-07-31 [29]
 Congo-Brazzaville 061 CCC+ Stable 2020-09-04 [19]
 Cook Islands 091 B+ Stable 2020-11-11 [19]
 Costa Rica 080 B Negative 2020-06-09 [30]
 Croatia 151 BBB+ Stable 2022-07-14 [31]
 Curacao 161 A- Stable 2013-06-14 [15]
 Cyprus 131 BBB- Stable 2018-09-14 [15]
 Czech Republic 191 AA- Stable 2011-08-24 [15]
 Denmark 221 AAA Stable 2001-02-27 [15]
 Dominican Republic 101 BB- Stable 2021-12-8 [32]
 Ecuador 071 B- Stable 2020-09-01 [33]
 Egypt 081 B Stable 2018-05-11 [34]
 El Salvador 071 B- Stable 2018-12-28 [35]
 Estonia 192 AA- Stable 2020-08-21 [19]
 Ethiopia 060 CCC+ Negative 2021-09-25 [36]
 European Union 201 AA Stable 2016-06-30 [15]
 Fiji 100 BB- Negative 2020-06-18 [37]
 Finland 211 AA+ Stable 2016-09-16 [15]
 France 201 AA Stable 2016-10-21 [15]
 Georgia 111 BB Negative 2021-02-26 [38]
 Germany 221 AAA Stable 2012-01-13 [15]
 Ghana 071 B- Stable 2020-09-11 [19]
 Greece 121 BB+ Stable 2022-04-22 [39]
 Guatemala 101 BB- Stable 2017-10-18 [40]
 Guernsey 191 AA- Stable 2016-07-08 [15]
 Honduras 101 BB- Stable 2017-07-18 [15]
 Hong Kong 211 AA+ Stable 2017-09-22 [41]
 Hungary 141 BBB Stable 2020-04-28 [42]
 Iceland 171 A Stable 2017-12-08 [43]
 India 131 BBB- Stable 2014-09-26 [15]
 Indonesia 140 BBB Stable 2022-04-27 [44]
 Iraq 071 B- Stable 2015-09-03 [15]
 Ireland 191 AA- Stable 2019-11-29 [15]
 Israel 191 AA- Stable 2020-04-24 [45]
 Italy 141 BBB Stable 2020-11-06 [46]
 Jamaica 090 B+ Negative 2020-04-16 [47]
 Japan 181 A+ Stable 2020-06-09 [48]
 Jersey 191 AA- Stable 2016-07-08 [3]
 Jordan 091 B+ Stable 2017-10-20 [49]
 Kazakhstan 131 BBB- Stable 2017-09-08 [50]
 Kenya 090 B Stable 2021-03-05 [51][52]
 Kuwait 190 AA- Negative 2020-07-17 [53]
 Latvia 181 A+ Stable 2020-02-21 [15][54]
 Lebanon 010 SD N/A 2020-03-11 [55]
 Liechtenstein 221 AAA Stable 2016-02-26 [15]
 Lithuania 181 A+ Stable 2020-02-21 [56]
 Luxembourg 221 AAA Stable 2013-01-14 [15]
 Malaysia 160 A- Negative 2020-06-26 [57]
 Malta 161 A- Stable 2020-03-13 [58]
 Mexico 140 BBB Stable 2022-07-06 [15]
 Mongolia 081 B Stable 2018-11-09 [59]
 Montenegro 090 B+ Negative 2020-05-01 [60]
 Montserrat 131 BBB- Stable 2011-09-02 [15]
 Morocco 131 BBB- Stable 2019-10-04 [61]
 Mozambique 061 CCC+ Stable 2019-11-22 [62]
 Netherlands 221 AAA Stable 2015-11-20 [15]
 New Zealand 202 AA+ Stable 2021-02-22 [63]
 Nicaragua 091 B+ Stable 2016-02-11 [15]
 Nigeria 071 B- Stable 2020-03-26 [64]
 North Macedonia 101 BB- Stable 2013-05-24 [15]
 Norway 221 AAA Stable 1990-11-08 [15]
 Oman 100 B+ Stable 2020-10-16 [19]
 Pakistan 071 B- Stable 2019-02-04 [65]
 Panama 150 BBB Stable 2020-11-24 [66]
 Papua New Guinea 071 B- Stable 2020-04-28 [67]
 Paraguay 111 BB Stable 2016-06-15 [15]
 Peru 151 BBB+ Stable 2013-08-19 [15]
 Philippines 151 BBB+ Stable 2019-04-30 [68]
 Poland 161 A- Stable 2018-10-13 [15]
 Portugal 141 BBB Stable 2020-04-24 [69]
 Qatar 191 AA- Stable 2018-12-07 [70]
 Ras Al Khaimah, UAE 171 A Stable 2014-10-13 [15]
 Romania 130 BBB- Stable 2021-04-16 [15]
 Russia 040 SD N/A 2022-04-08 [71]
 Rwanda 091 B+ Stable 2019-08-09 [72]
 Saudi Arabia 161 A- Stable 2016-02-17 [15]
 Senegal 091 B+ Stable 2019-12-06 [73]
 Serbia 121 BB+ Stable 2020-05-01 [74]
 Sharjah, UAE 131 BBB- Stable 2020-10-23 [19]
 Singapore 221 AAA Stable 1995-03-06 [15]
 Slovakia 180 A+ Stable 2021-01-22 [75]
 Slovenia 191 AA- Stable 2019-06-17 [76]
 South Africa 101 BB- Stable 2021-05-21 [77]
 South Korea 201 AA Stable 2016-08-07 [78]
 Spain 170 A Negative 2020-09-18 [19]
 Sri Lanka 010 SD N/A 2021-04-25 [79]
 Suriname 010 SD N/A 2020-07-16 [19]
 Sweden 221 AAA Stable 2004-02-16 [15][80]
  Switzerland 221 AAA Stable 1989-06-26 [15]
 Taiwan 211 AA+ Stable 2022-04-29 [81]
 Thailand 151 BBB+ Stable 2020-04-13 [82]
 Trinidad and Tobago 131 BBB- Stable 2020-03-26 [83]
 Turkey 090 B+ Negative 2021-12-10 [3][84]
 Turks and Caicos Islands 151 BBB+ Stable 2014-07-01 [3]
 Uganda 081 B Stable 2014-01-17 [15]
 Ukraine 070 B- Negative 2022-02-26 [85]
 United Kingdom 201 AA Stable 2019-12-17 [86]
 United States 211 AA+ Stable 2013-06-10 [15]
 Uruguay 141 BBB Stable 2017-05-30 [87]
 Venezuela 010 SD N/A 2017-11-14 [88]
 Vietnam 111 BB Positive 2020-05-22 [89]
 Zambia 010 SD N/A 2020-10-20 [19]

Fitch[edit]

For Fitch, a bond is considered investment grade if its credit rating is BBB− or higher. Bonds rated BB+ and below are considered to be speculative grade, sometimes also referred to as "junk" bonds.[90] Fitch Ratings typically does not assign outlooks to sovereign ratings below B− (CCC and lower) or modifiers. CCC indicates 'Substantial Credit Risk' where 'default is a real possibility'. CC indicates 'Very High Levels of Credit Risk' where 'default of some kind appears probable'.[91]

Financial ratings of European states by Fitch on 27 August 2019
Country/Region Rating Outlook Date Ref.
 Abu Dhabi 191AA Stable 2007-07-02 [92]
 Andorra 151A- Stable 2022-07-08 [93]
 Angola 062B- Positive 2022-07-15 [94]
 Argentina 050CCC No outlook at level[91] 2020-10-09 [95]
 Armenia 081B+ Stable 2020-10-05 [96]
 Aruba 101BB Stable 2021-04-07 [97]
 Australia 211AAA Stable 2021-10-13 [98]
 Austria 201AA+ Stable 2020-05-15 [99]
 Azerbaijan 111BB+ Stable 2021-05-14 [100]
 Bangladesh 091BB- Stable 2018-01-11 [101]
 Bahrain 081B+ Stable 2020-08-14 [102]
 Belarus 031C No outlook at level[91] 2022-07-07 [103]
 Belgium 181AA- Stable 2021-09-24 [104]
 Benin 081B+ Stable 2021-10-29 [105]
 Bolivia 071B Stable 2020-09-30 [106]
 Brazil 091BB- Stable 2022-07-14 [107]
 Bulgaria 132BBB Positive 2021-02-19 [108]
 Cameroon 071B Stable 2021-04-12 [109]
 Canada 201AA+ Stable 2020-06-24 [110]
 Cape Verde 061B- Stable 2020-04-17 [111]
 Chile 151A- Stable 2020-10-15 [112]
 China 171A+ Stable 2007-11-05 [113]
 Colombia 111BB+ Stable 2021-07-01 [114]
 Congo 051CCC No outlook at level[91] 2019-09-06 [115]
 Costa Rica 070B Negative 2020-05-12 [116]
 Cote d'Ivoire 091BB- Stable 2021-07-19 [117]
 Croatia 141BBB+ Stable 2022-07-13 [118]
 Cyprus 121BBB- Stable 2020-10-02 [119]
 Czech Republic 180AA- Negative 2022-05-06 [120]
 Denmark 211AAA Stable 2003-11-10 [121]
 Dominican Republic 091BB- Stable 2021-12-08 [122]
 Ecuador 061B- Stable 2020-09-03 [123]
 Egypt 081B+ Stable 2020-07-27 [124]
 El Salvador 051CCC No outlook at level[91] 2022-02-09 [125]
 Estonia 181AA- Stable 2018-10-05 [126]
 Ethiopia 051CCC No outlook at level[91] 2021-02-09 [127]
 European Union 211AAA Stable 1999-05-06 [128]
 Finland 201AA+ Stable 2020-01-24 [129]
 France 190AA Negative 2020-05-15 [130]
 Gabon 061 B- Stable 2021-08-24 [131]
 Georgia 101BB Stable 2021-08-06 [132]
 Germany 211AAA Stable 1994-08-10 [133]
 Ghana 060B- Negative 2022-01-14 [134]
 Greece 102BB Positive 2022-01-14 [135]
 Guatemala 092BB- Positive 2022-04-26 [136]
 Honduras 081B+ Stable 2020-09-03 [137]
 Hong Kong 181AA- Stable 2020-04-20 [138]
 Hungary 131BBB Stable 2021-02-12 [139]
 Iceland 161A Stable 2022-03-18 [140]
 India 121BBB- Stable 2022-06-10 [141]
 Indonesia 131BBB Stable 2021-10-22 [142]
 Iraq 061B- Stable 2021-03-24 [143]
 Ireland 181AA- Stable 2022-01-28 [144]
 Israel 171A+ Stable 2016-11-11 [145]
 Italy 131BBB Stable 2021-12-03 [146]
 Jamaica 081B+ Stable 2020-04-10 [147]
 Japan 161A Stable 2022-03-25 [148]
 Jordan 091BB- Stable 2021-12-07 [149]
 Kazakhstan 131BBB Stable 2021-02-19 [150]
 Kenya 080B+ Negative 2020-06-19 [151]
 Kuwait 191AA Stable 2021-02-02 [152]
 Laos 051CCC No outlook at level[91] 2020-09-23 [153]
 Latvia 151A- Stable 2020-04-10 [154]
 Lebanon 026RD No outlook at level[91] 2020-03-18 [155]
 Lesotho 070B Negative 2020-08-13 [156]
 Lithuania 161A Stable 2020-01-31 [157]
 Luxembourg 211AAA Stable 1994-08-10 [158]
 Macao 191AA Stable 2021-04-15 [159]
 Malaysia 141BBB+ Stable 2020-12-04 [160]
 Maldives 051CCC No outlook at level[91] 2020-11-05 [161]
 Malta 172A+ Stable 2020-04-17 [162]
 Mexico 121BBB- Stable 2020-04-15 [163]
 Mongolia 071B Stable 2019-07-04 [164]
 Morocco 111BB+ Stable 2020-10-23 [165]
 Mozambique 051CCC No outlook at level[91] 2019-11-07 [166]
 Namibia 091BB- Stable 2022-06-24 [167]
 Netherlands 211AAA Stable 2000-09-21 [168]
 New Zealand 191AA Stable 2011-09-29 [169]
 Nicaragua 061B- Stable 2021-06-11 [170]
 Nigeria 071B Stable 2020-09-30 [171]
 North Macedonia 110BB+ Negative 2020-05-15 [172]
 Norway 211AAA Stable 2000-09-21 [173]
 Oman 091BB- Stable 2020-12-20 [174]
 Pakistan 060B- Negative 2022-07-19 [175]
 Panama 121BBB- Stable 2022-01-28 [176]
 Paraguay 111BB+ Stable 2019-12-06 [177]
 Peru 141BBB+ Stable 2020-12-15 [178]
 Philippines 130BBB Negative 2021-10-08 [179]
 Poland 151A- Stable 2013-08-23 [180]
 Portugal 132BBB Positive 2022-05-06 [181]
 Qatar 181AA- Stable 2018-05-06 [182]
 Ras Al Khaimah 161A Stable 2020-09-06 [183]
 Romania 120BBB- Negative 2020-04-17 [184]
 Russia 031C No outlook at level[91] 2022-03-08 [185]
 Rwanda 081B+ Stable 2019-09-03 [186]
 San Marino 111BB+ Stable 2021-10-01 [187]
 Saudi Arabia 162A Positive 2022-04-14 [188]
 Serbia 111BB+ Stable 2019-09-27 [189]
 Seychelles 082B+ Positive 2022-05-13 [190]
 Singapore 211AAA Stable 2003-05-14 [191]
 Slovakia 161A Stable 2021-10-29 [192]
 Slovenia 161A Stable 2019-07-19 [193]
 South Africa 091BB- Stable 2021-12-15 [194]
 South Korea 181AA- Stable 2012-09-07 [195]
 Spain 151A- Stable 2018-01-20 [196]
 Sri Lanka 026RD No outlook at level[91] 2022-05-20 [197]
 Suriname 026RD No outlook at level[91] 2021-04-01 [198]
 Sweden 211AAA Stable 2004-03-08 [199]
  Switzerland 211AAA Stable 1994-08-10 [200]
 Taiwan 191AA Stable 2021-09-10 [201]
 Thailand 141BBB+ Stable 2020-03-17 [202]
 Tunisia 051CCC No outlook at level[91] 2022-03-18 [203]
 Turkey 070B Negative 2022-07-08 [204]
 Turkmenistan 081B+ Stable 2021-08-19 [205]
 UAE 181AA- Stable 2020-11-11 [206]
 Uganda 081B+ Stable 2022-06-20 [207]
 Ukraine 051CCC No outlook at level[91] 2022-02-25 [208]
 United Kingdom 181AA- Stable 2021-06-18 [209]
 United States 211AAA Stable 2022-07-08 [210]
 Uruguay 121BBB- Stable 2019-06-27 [211]
 Uzbekistan 091BB- Stable 2018-12-20 [212]
 Vietnam 102BB Positive 2021-04-01 [213]
 Zambia 021RD No outlook at level[91] 2020-11-18 [214]

Moody's[edit]

For Moody's, a bond is considered investment grade if its credit rating is Baa3 or higher. Bonds rated Ba1 and below are considered to be speculative grade, sometimes also referred to as "junk" bonds.[215]

Financial ratings of European states by Moody's on 27 August 2019
Country/Region Rating Outlook Date Ref.
 Albania 081B1 Stable 2017-08-04 [216]
 Angola 051Caa1 Stable 2020-09-08 [217]
 Argentina 020Ca Negative 2020-04-03 [218]
 Armenia 091Ba3 Stable 2019-08-27 [219]
 Australia 211Aaa Stable 2016-08-17 [220]
 Austria 211Aa1 Stable 2016-06-24 [221]
 Azerbaijan 102Ba2 Positive 2021-04-06 [222]
 Bahamas 100Ba2 Negative 2020-06-25 [223]
 Bahrain 070B2 Negative 2021-04-21 [224]
 Bangladesh 091Ba3 Stable 2017-04-17 [225]
 Barbados 051Caa1 Stable 2019-07-02 [226]
 Belarus 061B3 Stable 2019-04-25 [227]
 Belgium 181Aa3 Stable 2017-03-03 [228]
 Belize 031Caa3 Stable 2020-11-24 [229]
 Benin 081B1 Stable 2021-03-09 [230]
 Bermuda 161A2 Stable 2016-06-03 [231]
 Bolivia 071B2 Stable 2020-09-22 [232]
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 061B3 Stable 2016-02-26 [233]
 Botswana 160A3 Stable 2021-04-23 [234]
 Brazil 101Ba2 Stable 2018-04-09 [235]
 Bulgaria 141Baa1 Stable 2020-10-10 [236]
 Cambodia 071B2 Stable 2017-03-17 [237]
 Cameroon 071B2 Stable 2016-08-05 [238]
 Canada 211Aaa Stable 2016-11-02 [239]
 Cayman Islands 181Aa3 Stable 2017-07-17 [240]
 Chile 170A1 Negative 2020-08-25 [241]
 China 171A1 Stable 2017-05-24 [242]
 Colombia 130Baa2 Negative 2020-12-03 [243]
 Congo 041Caa2 Stable 2019-06-18 [244]
 Costa Rica 070B2 Negative 2020-06-02 [245]
 Croatia 131Baa2 Stable 2022-07-15 [246]
 Cuba 042Caa2 Stable 2017-11-08 [247]
 Cyprus 102Ba2 Positive 2019-09-20 [248]
 Czech Republic 181Aa3 Stable 2019-10-04 [249]
 Denmark 211Aaa Stable 2017-03-24 [250]
 Dominican Republic 091Ba3 Stable 2017-07-20 [251]
 DR Congo 051Caa1 Stable 2018-06-18 [252]
 Ecuador 031Caa3 Stable 2021-02-26 [253]
 Egypt 071B2 Stable 2019-04-17 [254]
 El Salvador 050Caa2 Negative 2022-05-04 [255]
 Estonia 171A1 Stable 2017-07-21 [256]
 Ethiopia 050Caa1 Negative 2021-05-17 [257]
 Fiji 080B1 Negative 2021-04-20 [258]
 Finland 201Aa1 Stable 2016-06-03 [259]
 France 191Aa2 Stable 2020-02-21 [260]
 Gabon 051Caa1 Stable 2020-12-04 [261]
 Georgia 101Ba2 Stable 2017-09-11 [262]
 Germany 211Aaa Stable 2017-02-24 [263]
 Ghana 061B3 Stable 2020-04-17 [264]
 Greece 091Ba3 Stable 2020-11-07 [265]
 Guatemala 110Ba1 Negative 2020-11-10 [266]
 Honduras 081B1 Stable 2017-09-22 [267]
 Hong Kong 181Aa3 Stable 2020-01-20 [268]
 Hungary 131Baa2 Stable 2021-09-25 [269]
 Iceland 161A2 Stable 2019-11-08 [270]
 India 121Baa3 Stable 2021-10-05 [citation needed]
 Indonesia 131Baa2 Stable 2022-02-10 [271]
 Iraq 051Caa1 Stable 2017-08-03 [272]
 Ireland 161A2 Stable 2017-09-15 [273]
 Isle of Man 181Aa3 Stable 2020-10-23 [274]
 Israel 171A1 Stable 2019-09-22 [275]
 Italy 121Baa3 Stable 2018-10-19 [276]
 Ivory Coast 091Ba3 Stable 2015-11-05 [277]
 Jamaica 071B2 Stable 2019-12-11 [278]
 Japan 171A1 Stable 2016-08-30 [279]
 Jordan 081B1 Stable 2016-11-14 [280]
 Kazakhstan 122Baa3 Positive 2019-08-22 [281]
 Kenya 070B2 Negative 2020-05-07 [282]
 Kuwait 171A1 Stable 2020-09-22 [283]
 Kyrgyzstan 070B2 Negative 2020-11-26 [284]
 Latvia 151A3 Stable 2017-07-14 [285]
 Lebanon 010C No outlook at level 2020-07-27 [286]
 Lithuania 161A2 Stable 2021-02-12 [287]
 Luxembourg 211Aaa Stable 2017-03-03 [288]
 Macao 181Aa3 Stable 2017-05-24 [289]
 Malaysia 151A3 Stable 2016-11-01 [290]
 Maldives 060B3 Negative 2020-05-21 [291]
 Mali 051Caa1 Stable 2021-03-22 [292]
 Malta 161A2 Stable 2019-07-20 [293]
 Mauritius 130Baa2 Negative 2021-03-04 [294]
 Mexico 140Baa1 Negative 2020-04-17 [295]
 Moldova 061B3 Stable 2017-01-13 [296]
 Mongolia 061B3 Stable 2021-03-16 [297]
 Montenegro 081B1 Stable 2020-03-06 [298]
 Morocco 110Ba1 Negative 2021-02-04 [299]
 Mozambique 041Caa2 Stable 2019-09-20 [300]
 Namibia 090Ba3 Negative 2020-12-04 [301]
 Netherlands 211Aaa Stable 2017-03-31 [302]
 New Zealand 211Aaa Stable 2017-03-24 [303]
 Nicaragua 061B3 Stable 2020-02-14 [304]
 Nigeria 070B2 Negative 2020-04-15 [305]
 Norway 211Aaa Stable 2016-03-04 [306]
 Oman 090 Ba3 Negative 2020-06-23 [307][308]
 Pakistan 061B3 Stable 2019-12-02 [309]
 Panama 131Baa2 Stable 2021-03-21 [310]
 Papua New Guinea 070B2 Negative 2021-04-19 [311]
 Paraguay 111Ba1 Stable 2016-06-21 [312]
 Peru 150A3 Negative 2021-05-21 [313]
 Philippines 131Baa2 Stable 2017-06-27 [314]
 Poland 161A2 Stable 2017-05-12 [315]
 Portugal 122Baa3 Positive 2019-08-09 [316]
 Puerto Rico 020Ca Negative 2019-10-31 [317]
 Qatar 180Aa3 Stable 2018-07-13 [318]
 Romania 120Baa3 Negative 2020-04-24 [319]
 Russia 020Ca Negative 2022-03-06 [320]
 Rwanda 070B2 Negative 2020-10-12 [321]
 Saudi Arabia 170A1 Negative 2020-05-01 [322]
 Senegal 090Ba3 Negative 2020-08-07 [323]
 Serbia 101Ba2 Stable 2021-03-12 [324]
 Singapore 211Aaa Stable 2016-12-08 [325]
 Sint Maarten 100Ba2 Negative 2021-03-19 [326]
 Slovakia 162A2 Stable 2019-09-27 [327]
 Slovenia 151A3 Stable 2020-10-02 [328]
 South Africa 100Ba2 Stable 2022-04-01 [329]
 South Korea 191Aa2 Stable 2015-12-18 [330]
 Spain 141Baa1 Stable 2018-04-13 [331]
 Sri Lanka 051Caa1 Stable 2020-09-28 [332]
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 061B3 Stable 2016-05-19 [333]
 Suriname 030Caa3 Negative 2020-07-07 [334]
 Eswatini 070 B3 Stable 2020-07-20 [335]
 Sweden 211Aaa Stable 2020-03-27 [336]
  Switzerland 211Aaa Stable 2020-11-27 [337]
 Taiwan 182Aa3 Positive 2021-02-24 [338]
 Tajikistan 060B3 Negative 2018-12-10 [339]
 Thailand 141Baa1 Stable 2020-04-21 [340]
 Trinidad and Tobago 110Ba1 Negative 2020-05-22 [341]
 Tunisia 050Caa1 Negative 2021-10-14 [342]
 Turkey 070B2 Negative 2020-09-11 [343]
 Uganda 071B2 Stable 2016-11-18 [344]
 Ukraine 061Caa2 Negative 2022-03-04 [345]
 United Arab Emirates 191Aa2 Stable 2017-05-27 [346]
 United Kingdom 181Aa3 Stable 2020-10-17 [347]
 United States 211Aaa Stable 2013-07-18 [348]
 Uruguay 131Baa2 Stable 2017-07-13 [349]
 Uzbekistan 081B1 Stable 2019-02-13 [350]
 Venezuela 010C Stable 2018-03-09 [351]
 Vietnam 092Ba3 Positive 2021-03-17 [352]
 Zambia 021Ca Stable 2020-04-03 [353]

DBRS Morningstar[edit]

For DBRS Morningstar, a bond is considered investment grade if its credit rating is BBB(low) or higher. Bonds rated BB(high) and below are considered to be speculative grade, sometimes also referred to as "junk" bonds.

Country/Region Rating Trend Date Ref.
 Argentina 021 D N/A 2014-07-31 [354]
 Australia 221AAA Stable 2014-07-31 [354]
 Austria 221AAA Stable 2014-06-13 [354]
 Belgium 210AA(high) Negative 2022-02-11 [354]
 Brazil 101BB(low) Stable 2021-09-03 [354]
 Canada 221AAA Stable 2014-07-18 [354]
 Chile 191AA(low) Stable 2014-02-28 [354]
 China 181A(high) Stable 2021-11-11 [354]
 Colombia 131BBB(low) Stable 2021-07-24 [354]
 Cyprus 132BBB(low) Positive 2021-10-22 [354]
 Denmark 221AAA Stable 2014-07-25 [354]
 Estonia 191AA(low) Stable 2022-01-28 [354]
 European Union 221AAA Stable 2014-07-11 [354]
 Finland 211AA(high) Stable 2021-09-24 [354]
 France 211AA(high) Stable 2024-10-15 [354]
 Germany 221AAA Stable 2014-04-11 [354]
 Greece 121BB(high) Stable 2022-03-18 [354]
 India 131BBB(low) Stable 2021-05-20 [354]
 Ireland 191AA(low) Stable 2022-01-14 [354]
 Italy 151BBB(high) Stable 2021-10-29 [354]
 Japan 181A(high) Stable 2013-11-20 [354]
 Latvia 171A Stable 2022-03-18 [354]
 Lithuania 181A(high) Stable 2021-11-19 [354]
 Luxembourg 221AAA Stable 2022-02-04 [354]
 Malta 181A(high) Stable 2021-12-10 [354]
 Mexico 141BBB Stable 2021-05-06 [354]
 Netherlands 221AAA Stable 2014-04-25 [354]
 Norway 221AAA Stable 2014-07-04 [354]
 Peru 151BBB(high) Stable 2014-05-30 [354]
 Poland 171A Stable 2021-11-26 [354]
 Portugal 152BBB(high) Positive 2022-02-25 [354]
 Singapore 221AAA Stable 2021-09-10 [354]
 Slovakia 181A(high) Stable 2022-02-25 [354]
 Slovenia 181A(high) Stable 2021-12-10 [354]
 Spain 171A Stable 2022-03-04 [354]
 Sweden 221AAA Stable 2014-06-13 [354]
  Switzerland 221AAA Stable 2013-12-27 [354]
 United Kingdom 211AA(high) Stable 2021-11-12 [354]
 United States 221AAA Stable 2014-04-22 [354]
 Uruguay 132BBB(low) Positive 2021-11-24 [355]

Scope Ratings[edit]

For Scope – the European rating agency – a bond is considered investment grade if its credit rating is BBB− or higher. Bonds rated BB+ and below are considered to be speculative grade, sometimes also referred to as "junk" bonds.

Country/Region Rating Trend Date Ref.
 Austria 211AAA Stable 2021-09-03 [356]
 Belgium 191AA- Stable 2021-05-28 [356]
 Bulgaria 141BBB+ Stable 2021-06-18 [356]
 China 170A+ Negative 2022-06-03 [356]
 Croatia 111BBB+ Stable 2022-07-15 [356]
 Cyprus 121BBB- Positive 2022-06-24 [356]
 Czech Republic 191AA Negative 2022-07-08 [356]
 Denmark 211AAA Stable 2021-11-12 [356]
 Estonia 171AA- Stable 2020-02-21 [356]
 European Union 211AAA Stable 2019-02-01 [356]
 Finland 201AA+ Stable 2021-11-05 [356]
 France 191AA Stable 2017-06-30 [356]
 Georgia 101BB Stable 2021-09-03 [356]
 Germany 211AAA Stable 2021-12-03 [356]
 Greece 082BB+ Stable 2021-09-10 [356]
 Hungary 132BBB+ Stable 2021-12-10 [356]
 Ireland 171AA- Stable 2022-04-22 [356]
 Italy 141BBB+ Stable 2022-07-29 [356]
 Japan 171A Negative 2022-05-06 [356]
 Latvia 151A- Positive 2022-01-14 [356]
 Lithuania 151A Positive 2021-12-10 [356]
 Luxembourg 211AAA Stable 2022-03-18 [356]
 Malta 171A+ Stable 2021-04-23 [356]
 Netherlands 211AAA Stable 2021-12-17 [356]
 Norway 211AAA Stable 2021-11-12 [356]
 Poland 171A+ Negative 2022-01-14 [356]
 Portugal 132BBB+ Positiv 2022-05-13 [356]
 Romania 120BBB- Stable 2021-05-14 [356]
 Russia 121WD N/A 2022-03-17 [356]
 Serbia 101BB+ Stable 2022-06-03 [356]
 Slovakia 171A+ Stable 2021-12-03 [356]
 Slovenia 171A Stable 2019-06-21 [356]
 Spain 151A- Stable 2022-05-27 [356]
 Sweden 211AAA Stable 2021-11-05 [356]
  Switzerland 211AAA Stable 2022-02-18 [356]
 Turkey 090B- Negative 2022-03-11 [356]
 Ukraine 190C Under Review 2022-07-22 [356]
 United Kingdom 190AA Stable 2022-06-03 [356]
 United States 191AA Stable 2021-11-26 [356]

JCR[edit]

Japan Credit Rating Agency (JCR) is a credit rating agency based in Japan. JCR is a Nationally Recognized Statistical Rating Organization by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.

Country/Region Rating Outlook Date Ref.
 Australia 19AAA Stable 2012-07-02 [357]
 Belgium 19AAA Stable 2013-03-25 [357]
 Brazil 11BBB Stable 2012-11-15 [357]
 Canada 19AAA Stable 2012-09-04 [357]
 Czech Republic 16AA- Stable 2018-07-25 [357][358]
 Denmark 19AAA Stable 2013-02-14 [357]
 Finland 19AAA Stable 2013-04-19 [357]
 France 19AAA Stable 2013-04-26 [357]
 Germany 19AAA Stable 2013-02-28 [357]
 Hong Kong 18AA+ Stable 2012-09-05 [357]
 Hungary 11BBB+ Stable 2016-02-21 [357]
 India 12BBB+ Stable 2012-11-30 [357]
 Indonesia 10BBB- Stable 2012-11-13 [357]
 Italy 16AA- Negative 2013-04-10 [357]
 Japan 19AAA Stable 2013-03-15 [357]
 Malaysia 14A Stable 2012-10-19 [357]
 Mexico 13A- Stable 2012-12-21 [357]
 Netherlands 19AAA Stable 2012-10-04 [357]
 Norway 19AAA Stable 2012-08-02 [357]
 Philippines 13A- Stable 2020-06-11 [357][359]
 Poland 14A Stable 2013-03-01 [357]
 Portugal 14A Stable 2013-03-15 [357]
 Romania 07BBB- Stable 2013-03-28 [357]
 Russia 12B+ Negative 2022-03-03 [360]
 Singapore 19AAA Stable 2012-02-01 [357]
 South Korea 15A+ Stable 2013-01-24 [357]
 Slovakia 15A+ Stable 2012-11-08 [357]
 Slovenia 16A+ Stable 2016-08-15 [357][361]
 Spain 17AA Negative 2013-04-12 [357]
 Thailand 13A- Stable 2013-04-02 [357]
 Turkey 10BBB- Stable 2013-05-23 [357]
 United Kingdom 19AAA Stable 2012-06-29 [357]
 United States 19AAA Stable 2012-03-09 [357]

China Chengxin[edit]

China Chengxin Credit Rating Group is a credit rating agency based in China.

Country Rating Outlook Date Ref.
 Argentina 05Bg Stable 2014-08 [362]
 Australia 19AAAg Stable 2012-08 [362]
 Brazil 12BBBg+ Stable 2012-08 [362]
 Canada 19AAAg Stable 2012-08 [362]
 China 17AAg+ Stable 2012-08 [362]
 Denmark 17AAg+ Stable 2012-08 [362]
 France 16AAg Stable 2012-08 [362]
 Germany 17AAg+ Stable 2012-08 [362]
 Greece 01CCCg N/A 2014-04 [362]
 Iceland 10BBBg- Stable 2012-08 [362]
 India 11BBBg Stable 2012-08 [362]
 Indonesia 10BBBg- Stable 2012-08 [362]
 Ireland 10BBg+ Negative 2012-08 [362]
 Italy 11BBBg Stable 2013-03 [363]
 Japan 18AAg+ Stable 2012-08 [362]
 Mexico 12BBBg+ Stable 2012-08 [362]
 Netherlands 18AAg+ Stable 2012-08 [362]
 Norway 19AAAg Stable 2012-08 [362]
 Portugal 07BBg- Negative 2012-08 [362]
 Russia 14Ag Stable 2012-08 [362]
 Saudi Arabia 18AAg+ Stable 2013-07 [362]
 Singapore 19AAAg Stable 2013-07 [362]
 South Africa 14Ag Stable 2013-07 [362]
 South Korea 16AAg- Stable 2013-07 [362]
 Spain 09BBg+ Negative 2013-03 [364]
  Switzerland 19AAAg Stable 2012-08 [362]
 Thailand 12BBBg+ Stable 2012-08 [362]
 Turkey 14BB+ Stable 2012-08 [362]
 United Kingdom 18AAg+ Stable 2013-03 [365]
 United States 19AAAg Stable 2012-08 [362]

Not rated[edit]

UN member states that have not been assigned a credit rating by any of the eight rating agencies
Country Details
 Afghanistan
 Antigua and Barbuda
 Bhutan
 Brunei Darussalam
 Burundi
 Central African Republic
 Chad
 Comoros
 Cote d'Ivoire
 Djibouti
 Dominica
 Equatorial Guinea
 Eritrea
 Gambia Fitch suspended Gambia's credit rating after its only traded international bond expired[366]
 Guinea
 Guinea-Bissau
 Guyana
 Haiti
 Iran Fitch has withdrawn all ratings for Iran following the maturity and full repayment of the last outstanding sovereign eurobond on 21 April 2008.[367]
 Kiribati
 Kyrgyzstan
 Liberia
 Libya Fitch has withdrawn all ratings for Libya because it does not have enough information to maintain coverage of the issuer.[368]
 Malawi
 Mali Mali was given a credit rating in 2004 as part of a UN development initiative,[369] but the rating was later withdrawn.[370]
 Marshall Islands
 Mauritania
 Monaco
 Myanmar
 Nauru
   Nepal
 Niger
 North Korea
 Palau
 Saint Kitts and Nevis
 Saint Lucia
 Samoa
 Sao Tome and Principe
 Sierra Leone
 Solomon Islands
 Somalia
 Swaziland
 Syria
 Tajikistan
 Tanzania
 Timor Leste
 Togo
 Tonga
 Tuvalu
 Vanuatu
 Zimbabwe

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  144. ^ {{|https://www.fitchratings.com/research/sovereigns/fitch-upgrades-ireland-to-aa-outlook-stable-28-01-2022%7Ctitle=Fitch Upgrades Ireland to 'AA-'; Outlook Stable |publisher=Fitch|date=2022-01-28 |access-date=2022-01-28}}
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  147. ^ "Fitch Revises Jamaica's Outlook to Stable; Affirms at B+". 2020-04-10.
  148. ^ "Fitch Revises Outlook on Japan to Stable; Affirms at 'A'".
  149. ^ "Fitch Revises Jordan's Outlook to Stable; Affirms at 'BB-'".
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  153. ^ "Fitch Downgrades Laos to 'CCC'". FitchRatings.com. Fitch Ratings. Retrieved 21 December 2020.
  154. ^ "Fitch Revises Outlook on Latvia to Negative; Affirms at 'A-'".
  155. ^ "Fitch Downgrades Lebanon's Long-Term Foreign-Currency IDR to 'RD'".
  156. ^ "Fitch Revises Lesotho's Outlook to Negative; Affirms at 'B'".
  157. ^ "Fitch Upgrades Lithuania to 'A'; Outlook Stable".
  158. ^ "Fitch Affirms Luxembourg's'AAA' Rating".
  159. ^ "Fitch Revises Outlook on Macao to Stable; Affirms at 'AA'". Fitchratings.com. Fitch Ratings. Retrieved 24 April 2021.
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  164. ^ "Fitch Affirms Mongolia at 'B'; Outlook Stable".
  165. ^ "Correction: Fitch Downgrades Morocco to 'BB+'; Outlook Stable".
  166. ^ "Fitch Upgrades Mozambique to 'CCC'". 2019-11-07. Retrieved 2020-01-24.
  167. ^ "Fitch Downgrades Namibia to 'BB-'; Outlook Stable".
  168. ^ "Fitch Revises Outlook on The Netherlands to Stable; Affirms at 'AAA'". Fitchratings.com. Fitch Ratings. Retrieved 24 April 2021.
  169. ^ "Fitch Downgrades New Zealand to 'AA'; Outlook Stable".
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