List of countries by dependency ratio

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Dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.[1][2]

total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.

youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.

elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.

potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.

List (2020)[edit]

All data is for the year 2020. Source is the CIA World Factbook.[3]

Country total
dependency
ratio
youth
dependency
ratio
elderly
dependency
ratio
potential
support
ratio
 Afghanistan 80.1 75.3 4.8 21.0
 Albania 46.9 25.3 21.6 4.6
 Algeria 60.1 49.3 10.8 9.3
 Angola 94.5 90.2 4.3 23.5
 Antigua and Barbuda 45.4 31.8 13.6 7.4
 Argentina 55.8 38.1 17.7 5.6
 Armenia 48.4 30.9 17.5 5.7
 Aruba (Netherlands) 47.0 25.6 21.5 4.7
 Australia 55.1 29.9 25.1 4.0
 Austria 50.6 21.7 28.9 3.5
 Azerbaijan 43.4 33.7 9.7 10.3
 Bahamas 41.5 30.6 11.0 9.1
 Bahrain 26.5 23.1 3.4 29.8
 Bangladesh 47.0 39.3 7.7 13.0
 Barbados 50.3 25.2 25.1 4.0
 Belarus 48.9 25.7 23.2 4.3
 Belgium 57.0 26.7 30.2 3.3
 Belize 52.0 44.4 7.6 13.1
 Benin 82.6 76.6 6.0 16.7
 Bhutan 45.1 36.1 9.0 11.1
 Bolivia 60.5 48.5 12.0 8.3
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 48.0 21.5 26.5 3.8
 Botswana 61.1 53.8 7.3 13.8
 Brazil 43.5 29.7 13.8 7.3
 Brunei 38.7 31.0 7.7 12.9
 Bulgaria 56.6 23.0 33.6 3.0
 Burkina Faso 87.9 83.4 4.5 22.1
 Burundi 91.0 86.4 4.5 22.0
 Cape Verde 49.0 41.8 7.1 14.0
 Cambodia 55.7 48.2 7.6 13.2
 Cameroon 81.1 76.2 4.9 20.3
 Canada 51.2 23.9 27.4 3.7
 Central African Republic 86.4 81.1 5.2 19.2
 Chad 96.0 91.1 4.9 20.4
 Chile 45.9 28.1 17.9 5.6
 China 42.2 25.2 17.0 5.9
 Colombia 45.4 32.3 13.2 7.6
 Comoros 75.5 67.4 5.4 18.6
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 95.4 89.5 5.9 17.0
 Republic of the Congo 78.7 73.7 4.9 20.3
 Costa Rica 45.1 30.2 14.9 6.7
 Croatia 55.7 22.6 33.1 3.0
 Cuba 46.7 23.3 23.3 4.3
 Curaçao 55.9 28.3 27.5 3.6
 Cyprus 44.9 24.0 20.9 4.8
 Czech Republic 56.0 24.6 31.4 3.2
 Denmark 57.3 25.6 31.7 3.2
 Djibouti 50.6 43.6 7.1 14.1
 Dominican Republic 53.8 42.2 11.6 8.6
 Ecuador 53.8 42.1 11.7 8.6
 Egypt 64.6 55.8 8.8 11.4
 El Salvador 54.4 41.1 13.4 7.5
 Equatorial Guinea 64.4 60.5 3.9 25.5
 Eritrea 83.9 75.6 8.3 12.1
 Estonia 58.4 26.1 32.3 3.1
 Eswatini (Swaziland) 70.8 64.0 6.9 14.6
 Ethiopia 76.8 70.6 6.3 16.0
 Fiji 53.4 44.5 8.9 11.2
 Finland 62.4 25.8 36.6 2.7
 France 62.4 28.7 33.7 3.0
 French Polynesia (France) 45.5 32.3 13.2 7.6
 Gabon 68.9 62.9 6.0 16.8
 Gambia 86.9 82.1 4.7 21.1
 Georgia 55.0 31.3 23.6 4.2
 Germany 55.4 21.7 33.7 3.0
 Ghana 67.4 62.2 5.3 17.1
 Greece 56.1 21.3 34.8 2.9
 Grenada 50.5 35.8 14.7 6.8
 Guam (US) 52.4 36.4 16.1 6.2
 Guatemala 62.3 54.1 8.2 12.2
 Guernsey (UK) 49.0 22.3 26.7 3.7
 Guinea 85.2 79.7 5.5 18.3
 Guinea-Bissau 81.2 76.0 5.2 19.1
 Guyana 53.2 42.5 10.7 9.3
 Haiti 60.4 52.1 8.3 13.3
 Honduras 55.2 47.5 7.7 13.0
 Hong Kong 44.7 18.3 26.3 3.8
 Hungary 46.9 22.0 30.8 3.2
 Iceland 54.0 29.9 24.1 4.2
 India 48.7 38.9 9.8 10.2
 Indonesia 47.5 38.3 9.2 10.8
 Iran 45.6 36.0 9.6 14.2
 Iraq 69.9 64.1 5.9 17.1
 Ireland 54.8 32.3 22.6 4.4
 Israel 67.3 46.6 20.8 4.8
 Italy 57.0 20.4 36.6 2.7
 Ivory Coast 79.8 74.6 5.2 19.3
 Jamaica 48.0 34.6 13.4 7.4
 Japan 69.0 21.0 48.0 2.1
 Jordan 58.2 52.0 6.3 16.0
 Kazakhstan 58.8 46.3 12.6 8.0
 Kenya 69.8 65.5 4.3 23.5
 Kiribati 67.0 60.0 7.0 14.2
 North Korea 41.2 28.0 13.2 7.6
 South Korea 39.5 17.5 22.0 4.5
 Kuwait 32.4 28.4 4.0 24.9
 Kyrgyzstan 59.7 52.1 7.5 13.2
 Laos 56.8 50.1 6.7 15.0
 Latvia 59.0 26.1 32.9 3.0
 Lebanon 48.4 37.2 11.2 8.9
 Lesotho 59.2 51.3 7.9 12.7
 Liberia 77.6 71.7 5.9 17.0
 Libya 47.7 41.0 6.7 15.0
 Lithuania 56.5 24.2 32.3 3.1
 Luxembourg 42.8 22.2 20.5 4.9
 Macau 35.7 19.5 16.2 6.2
 Madagascar 75.9 70.5 5.5 18.3
 Malawi 83.9 79.1 4.9 20.6
 Malaysia 44.2 33.8 10.4 9.7
 Maldives 30.2 25.5 4.7 21.4
 Mali 98.0 93.1 4.9 20.4
 Malta 55.5 22.4 33.2 3.0
 Mauritania 75.0 69.5 5.6 18.0
 Mauritius 41.5 23.7 17.7 5.6
 Mexico 50.3 38.8 11.4 8.7
 Federated States of Micronesia 55.2 48.4 6.8 14.7
 Moldova 39.6 22.2 17.4 5.7
 Mongolia 54.8 48.1 6.7 15.0
 Montenegro 51.1 27.3 23.8 4.2
 Morocco 52.4 40.8 11.6 8.6
 Mozambique 88.4 83.0 5.4 18.5
 Myanmar 46.5 37.3 9.1 10.9
 Namibia 67.9 61.8 6.0 16.6
   Nepal 53.0 44.1 8.9 11.2
 Netherlands 55.6 24.4 31.2 3.2
 New Caledonia (France) 46.6 32.4 14.2 7.0
 New Zealand 55.8 30.3 25.5 3.9
 Nicaragua 54.3 45.5 8.8 11.4
 Niger 109.5 104.1 5.4 18.4
 Nigeria 86.0 80.9 5.1 19.6
 North Macedonia 44.5 23.6 20.9 4.8
 Norway 53.3 26.5 26.9 3.7
 Oman 33.3 30.0 3.3 29.9
 Pakistan 64.4 57.2 7.1 14.0
 Palestine 71.2 65.7 5.5 18.2
 Panama 53.9 40.8 13.1 7.6
 Papua New Guinea 63.2 57.4 5.8 17.2
 Paraguay 55.5 49.9 10.6 9.4
 Peru 50.2 37.1 13.1 7.6
 Philippines 55.2 46.6 8.6 11.7
 Poland 51.4 23.0 28.4 3.5
 Portugal 55.8 20.3 35.5 2.8
 Puerto Rico (US) 57.7 24.8 32.8 3.0
 Qatar 18.1 16.1 2.0 50.1
 Romania 53.3 23.8 29.5 3.4
 Russia 51.2 27.8 23.5 4.3
 Rwanda 74.2 68.8 5.4 18.4
 Saint Lucia 39.4 25.0 14.4 7.0
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 46.7 32.1 14.5 6.9
 Samoa 73.3 64.5 8.8 11.4
 São Tomé and Príncipe 81.0 75.6 5.4 18.4
 Saudi Arabia 39.3 34.4 4.9 20.5
 Senegal 84.2 78.4 5.7 17.5
 Serbia 52.5 23.4 29.1 3.4
 Seychelles 46.7 34.9 11.8 8.5
 Sierra Leone 76.3 71.1 5.2 19.4
 Singapore 34.5 16.5 18.0 5.6
 Slovakia 47.6 23.0 24.6 4.1
 Slovenia 55.9 23.6 32.3 3.1
 Solomon Islands 77.6 71.1 6.5 15.3
 Somalia 96.3 90.6 5.7 17.6
 South Africa 52.2 43.8 8.4 11.9
 South Sudan 80.8 74.7 6.1 16.5
 Spain 52.4 21.9 30.4 3.3
 Sri Lanka 53.7 36.4 17.3 5.8
 Sudan 76.9 70.4 6.5 15.4
 Suriname 51.1 40.3 10.8 9.3
 Sweden 61.2 28.4 32.8 3.1
  Switzerland 51.6 22.7 29.0 3.5
 Syria 55.4 47.8 7.6 13.2
 Taiwan 40.0 17.8 22.2 4.5
 Tajikistan 67.9 62.6 5.3 18.7
 Tanzania 85.9 81.0 4.9 20.4
 Thailand 41.9 23.5 18.4 5.4
 Timor-Leste 87.3 78.7 7.6 13.3
 Togo 77.1 72.0 5.1 19.4
 Tonga 68.6 58.6 10.0 10.0
 Trinidad and Tobago 46.1 29.3 16.8 7.4
 Tunisia 49.6 36.3 13.3 7.5
 Turkey 49.1 35.7 13.4 7.5
 Turkmenistan 55.2 47.8 7.4 13.5
 Uganda 92.3 88.5 3.8 26.2
 Ukraine 49.1 23.8 25.3 4.0
 United Arab Emirates 19.2 17.7 1.5 66.4
 United Kingdom 57.1 27.8 29.3 3.4
 United States 53.9 28.3 25.6 3.9
 Uruguay 54.9 31.5 23.4 4.3
 Uzbekistan 50.6 43.4 7.2 13.9
 Vanuatu 72.5 66.2 12.3 8.1
 Venezuela 54.4 42.1 12.3 8.1
 Vietnam 45.1 33.6 11.4 8.8
 US Virgin Islands (US) 66.0 32.0 34.0 2.9
 Western Sahara 44.1 39.2 4.9 20.4
 Yemen 71.7 66.7 5.0 19.9
 Zambia 85.7 81.7 4.0 25.3
 Zimbabwe 81.6 76.1 5.5 18.3
World 53.3 39.0 14.3 7.0

References[edit]

  1. ^ Staff, Investopedia (2003-11-25). "Dependency Ratio". Investopedia. Retrieved 2018-09-22.
  2. ^ "Implications of higher dependency ratio - Economics Help". Economics Help. Retrieved 2018-09-22.
  3. ^ "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 2018-09-22.