List of countries by ecological footprint

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Main article: Ecological footprint
World map of countries by ecological footprint (data of 2007).

This page is a list of countries by ecological footprint. This table is based on 2012 data from the Global Footprint Network National Footprint Accounts published in 2016. Data is given in global hectares per capita. The world-average ecological footprint in 2012 was 2.84 global hectares per person (20.1 billion in total).

With a world-average biocapacity of 1.73 global hectares per person (12.2 billion in total), this leads to an ecological deficit of 1.1 global hectares per person (7.8 billion in total). If a country does not have enough ecological resources within its own territory, then there is a local ecological deficit and it is called an ecological debtor country. Otherwise, it has an ecological reserve and it is called an ecological creditor country.

Countries[edit]

Note that this list does not include all countries; it contains 188 of the 195 world countries.

Rank Country Ecological Footprint (gha/person) Biocapacity (gha/person) Biocapacity deficit or reserve (gha/person) Population (millions of people)
1  Luxembourg 15.82 1.68 -14.14 0.52
2  Aruba 11.88 0.57 -11.31 0.1
3  Qatar 10.8 1.24 -9.56 2.05
4  Australia 9.31 16.57 7.26 23.05
5  United States of America 8.22 3.76 -4.46 317.5
6  Canada 8.17 16.01 7.83 34.84
7  Kuwait 8.13 0.55 -7.58 3.25
8  Singapore 7.97 0.05 -7.92 5.3
9  United Kingdom 7.93 0.56 -7.37 9.206
10  Trinidad and Tobago 7.92 1.56 -6.36 1.34
11  Montserrat 7.78 1.36 -6.42 0.005
12  Oman 7.52 1.92 -5.6 3.31
13  Bahrain 7.49 0.58 -6.91 1.32
14  Belgium 7.44 1.19 -6.25 11.06
15  Sweden 7.25 10.62 3.38 9.51
16  Estonia 6.86 10.53 3.67 1.29
17  Bahamas 6.84 9.55 2.71 0.37
18  Latvia 6.29 9.55 3.26 2.06
19  Israel 6.22 0.35 -5.87 7.64
20  Mongolia 6.08 15.66 9.58 2.8
21  Austria 6.06 3.07 -3 8.46
22  Finland 5.87 13.44 7.57 5.41
23  Lithuania 5.83 5.67 -0.17 3.03
24  Slovenia 5.81 2.35 -3.47 2.07
25   Switzerland 5.79 1.3 -4.48 8
26  Bermuda 5.77 0.13 -5.64 0.06
27  Korea, Republic of 5.69 0.68 -5.01 49
28  Russian Federation 5.69 6.79 1.1 143.17
29  Cayman Islands 5.65 0.32 -5.33 0.06
30  Saudi Arabia 5.61 0.5 -5.12 28.29
31  New Zealand 5.6 10.14 4.54 4.46
32  Ireland 5.57 3.73 -1.83 4.58
33  Kazakhstan 5.55 3.41 -2.14 16.27
34  Denmark 5.51 4.78 -0.73 5.6
35  Turkmenistan 5.47 2.79 -2.68 5.17
36  Antigua and Barbuda 5.38 0.94 -4.44 0.09
37  Germany 5.3 2.27 -3.02 82.8
38  Netherlands 5.28 1.17 -4.11 16.71
39  Czech Republic 5.19 2.46 -2.73 10.66
40  France 5.14 3.11 -2.04 63.98
41  Belarus 5.09 3.64 -1.45 9.4
42  Japan 5.02 0.72 -4.3 127.25
43  Norway 4.98 8.18 3.19 4.99
44  Saint Kitts and Nevis 4.94 0.62 -4.31 0.05
45  United Arab Emirates 4.94 1.32 -3.62 63.03
46  Bhutan 4.84 5.27 0.43 0.74
47  French Polynesia 4.73 1.37 -3.36 0.27
48  Italy 4.61 1.08 -3.53 60.92
49  Barbados 4.48 0.19 -4.29 0.28
50  Poland 4.44 2.08 -2.36 38.21
51  Greece 4.38 1.61 -2.77 11.12
52  Chile 4.36 3.63 -0.73 17.46
53  Suriname 4.25 89.33 85.08 0.54
54  Cyprus 4.21 0.34 -3.87 1.13
55  Paraguay 4.16 10.52 6.36 6.69
56  Brunei Darussalam 4.06 2.87 -1.19 0.41
57  Slovakia 4.06 2.71 -1.35 5.45
58  Equatorial Guinea 3.97 4.4 0.44 0.74
59  Croatia 3.92 2.8 -1.12 4.31
60  Portugal 3.88 1.51 -2.37 10.6
61  Lebanon 3.84 0.33 -3.51 4.65
62  Botswana 3.83 3.47 -0.35 2
63  Montenegro 3.78 3.24 -0.54 0.62
64  Malaysia 3.71 2.41 -1.3 29.24
65  Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 3.69 0.7 -3 6.16
66  Spain 3.67 1.25 -2.42 46.76
67  Réunion 3.65 0.18 -3.47 0.86
68  New Caledonia 3.58 7.67 4.09 0.25
69  Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of 3.57 2.78 -0.79 29.96
70  Mauritius 3.46 0.71 -2.75 1.24
71  China 3.38 0.94 -2.44 1408.04
72  Turkey 3.33 1.52 -1.81 74
73  Bulgaria 3.32 2.86 -0.46 7.28
74  South Africa 3.31 1.15 -2.16 52.39
75 Macedonia TFYR 3.26 1.51 -1.75 2.11
76  Guadeloupe 3.23 0.45 -2.77 0.46
77  Argentina 3.14 6.92 3.78 41.09
78  Bosnia and Herzegovina 3.12 1.63 -1.49 3.83
79  Brazil 3.11 9.08 5.97 198.66
80 Saint Vincent and Grenadines 3.11 1.26 -1.85 0.11
81  Guyana 3.07 66.58 63.51 0.8
82  Grenada 2.98 1.96 -1.01 0.1
83  Bolivia 2.96 16.73 13.77 10.5
84  Nauru 2.94 0.19 -2.76 0.01
85  Hungary 2.92 2.17 -0.75 9.98
86  Uruguay 2.91 10.32 7.41 3.4
87  Fiji 2.9 2.37 -0.52 0.88
88  Mexico 2.89 1.27 -1.62 120.85
89  British Virgin Islands 2.86 2.05 -0.81 0.03
90  Costa Rica 2.84 1.53 -1.31 4.8
91  Ukraine 2.84 2.27 -0.58 45.53
92  Iran, Islamic Republic of 2.79 0.9 -1.89 76.42
93  Panama 2.79 2.94 0.15 3.8
94  Samoa 2.77 1.93 -0.85 0.19
95  Romania 2.71 2.32 -0.39 21.76
96  Serbia 2.7 1.25 -1.44 9.55
97  Tonga 2.7 1.48 -1.22 0.1
98  Thailand 2.66 1.24 -1.42 66.78
99  Dominica 2.57 1.03 -1.54 0.07
100  Mauritania 2.54 4.48 1.93 3.8
101  Cabo Verde 2.52 0.62 -1.9 0.49
102  Namibia 2.48 6.88 4.4 2.26
103  Saint Lucia 2.45 0.34 -2.1 0.18
104  French Guiana 2.34 111.35 109.01 0.24
105  Tunisia 2.34 0.93 -1.4 10.88
106  Uzbekistan 2.32 0.92 -1.4 28.54
107  Azerbaijan 2.31 0.85 -1.46 9.31
108  Peru 2.28 3.97 1.69 29.99
109  Armenia 2.23 0.89 -1.35 2.97
110  Albania 2.21 1.18 -1.03 3.16
111  Djibouti 2.19 0.77 -1.42 0.86
112  Ecuador 2.17 2.2 0.03 15.49
113  Egypt 2.15 0.56 -1.59 80.72
114  Algeria 2.12 0.59 -1.53 38.48
115  Jordan 2.1 0.21 -1.89 7.01
116  Martinique 2.08 0.39 -1.7 0.4
117  El Salvador 2.07 0.61 -1.46 6.3
118 Wallis and Futuna Islands 2.07 1.51 -0.56 0.01
119  Gabon 2.02 26.31 24.29 1.63
120  Swaziland 2.01 0.88 -1.14 1.23
121  Ghana 1.97 1.35 -0.62 25.37
122  Cuba 1.95 0.76 -1.19 11.27
123  Kyrgyzstan 1.91 1.3 -0.61 5.47
124  Papua New Guinea 1.91 3.92 2.01 7.17
125  Guatemala 1.89 0.99 -0.9 15.08
126  Jamaica 1.89 0.43 -1.46 2.77
127  Iraq 1.88 0.29 -1.59 32.78
128  Colombia 1.87 3.6 1.72 47.7
129  Moldova 1.78 0.8 -0.98 3.51
130  Honduras 1.68 1.77 0.09 7.94
131  Morocco 1.68 0.71 -0.96 32.52
132  Lesotho 1.66 0.78 -0.87 2.05
133  Viet Nam 1.65 1 -0.65 90.8
134  Georgia 1.58 1.17 -0.41 4.36
135  Indonesia 1.58 1.26 -0.32 246.86
136  Niger 1.56 1.24 -0.32 17.16
137  Dominican Republic 1.53 0.56 -0.97 10.28
138  Guinea-Bissau 1.53 3.03 1.49 1.66
139  Mali 1.53 1.58 0.05 14.85
140  Syrian Arab Republic 1.51 0.6 -0.91 21.89
141  Sao Tome and Principe 1.49 0.87 -0.61 0.19
142  Chad 1.46 2.03 0.57 12.45
143  Myanmar 1.43 1.84 0.41 52.8
144  Benin 1.41 0.88 -0.53 10.05
145  Guinea 1.41 2.09 0.68 11.45
146  Nicaragua 1.39 2.25 0.87 5.99
147  Zimbabwe 1.37 0.62 -0.75 13.72
148  Sri Lanka 1.32 0.44 -0.88 21.1
149  Tanzania, United Republic of 1.32 1.08 -0.24 47.78
150  Congo 1.29 10.91 9.63 4.34
151  Solomon Islands 1.29 4.36 3.08 0.55
152  Côte d'Ivoire 1.27 1.78 0.51 19.84
153  Central African Republic 1.24 7.87 6.62 4.53
154  Sierra Leone 1.24 1.24 0 5.98
155  Somalia 1.24 1.27 0.03 10.2
156  Uganda 1.24 0.59 -0.66 36.35
157  Lao People's Democratic Republic 1.22 1.62 0.4 6.65
158  Burkina Faso 1.21 0.98 -0.22 16.46
159  Cambodia 1.21 1.09 -0.11 14.86
160  Liberia 1.21 2.57 1.35 4.19
161  Senegal 1.21 1.05 -0.16 13.73
162  Cameroon 1.17 1.69 0.52 21.7
163  Korea, Democratic People's Republic of 1.17 0.6 -0.57 24.76
164  India 1.16 0.45 -0.71 1236.69
165  Nigeria 1.16 0.7 -0.47 168.83
166  Togo 1.13 0.53 -0.6 6.64
167  Philippines 1.1 0.54 -0.56 96.71
168  Comoros 1.03 0.32 -0.7 0.72
169  Gambia 1.03 0.82 -0.21 1.79
170  Kenya 1.03 0.51 -0.52 43.18
171  Yemen 1.03 0.5 -0.53 23.85
172  Ethiopia 1.02 0.58 -0.44 91.73
173  Madagascar 0.99 2.63 1.64 22.29
174  Zambia 0.99 2.23 1.24 14.08
175    Nepal 0.98 0.59 -0.38 27.47
176  Angola 0.93 2.55 1.61 20.82
177  Tajikistan 0.91 0.53 -0.38 8.01
178  Mozambique 0.87 2.06 1.19 25.2
179  Rwanda 0.87 0.54 -0.32 11.46
180  Congo, Democratic Republic of 0.82 3.07 2.25 65.7
181  Malawi 0.81 0.66 -0.15 15.91
182  Burundi 0.8 0.32 -0.48 9.85
183  Afghanistan 0.79 0.5 -0.3 29.82
184  Pakistan 0.79 0.35 -0.44 179.16
185  Bangladesh 0.72 0.38 -0.35 154.7
186  Haiti 0.61 0.27 -0.34 10.17
187  Timor-Leste 0.48 1.78 1.3 1.11
188  Eritrea 0.42 1.3 0.88 6.13

See also[edit]

References[edit]

"National Footprint Accounts 2016, Open Data Platform". Global Footprint Network. 5 January 2017. Retrieved 17 February 2017.