List of countries by economic complexity

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Map and Scatterplot of Countries by Economic Complexity

This list orders countries by their economic complexity index (ECI), as it was defined and calculated by Cesar A. Hidalgo and Ricardo Hausmann. The ECI was calculated with trade data from the UN Comtrade,[1] thus the information is only based on exports (and not goods produced). The 2009 rankings includes Products Exports Treemaps, also built by the Observatory of Economic Complexity.

2014 rankings[edit]

Rank Country/Territory ECI ECI Change over 2013 Rank Change over 2013
1  Japan 2.25 Increase 0.04 Steady
2   Switzerland 2.10 Decrease 0.06 Steady
3  Germany 2.05 Increase 0.1 Steady
4  Sweden 1.89 Increase 0.06 Steady
5  United States 1.80 Increase 0.22 Increase 6
6  South Korea 1.74 Increase 0.04 Increase 1
7  Finland 1.74 Increase 0.1 Increase 1
8  Singapore 1.73 Increase 0.1 Increase 2
9  Czech Republic 1.70 Decrease 0.01 Decrease 3
10  Austria 1.65 Increase 0.01 Decrease 1
11  United Kingdom 1.60 Decrease 0.12 Decrease 6
12  Slovenia 1.50 Decrease 0.06 Steady
13  France 1.46 Decrease 0.01 Steady
14  Hungary 1.43 Increase 0.09 Increase 1
15  Netherlands 1.37 Increase 0.24 Increase 5
16  Slovakia 1.35 Steady Decrease 2
17  Ireland 1.32 Increase 0.05 Decrease 1
18  Denmark 1.26 Increase 0.07 Increase 1
19  Israel 1.24 Increase 0.02 Decrease 1
20  Mexico 1.23 Increase 0.24 Increase 3
21  Norway 1.23 Increase 0.28 Increase 3
22  Italy 1.21 Decrease 0.01 Decrease 5
23  Canada 1.20 Increase 0.5 Increase 10
24  Poland 1.19 Increase 0.07 Decrease 3
25  Malaysia 1.04 Increase 0.35 Increase 9
Source: Observatory of Economic Complexity, MIT

The list is incomplete and only includes the top 25 out of 124 countries.

2013 rankings[edit]

Rank Country/Territory ECI
1  Japan 2.29
2   Switzerland 2.16
3  Germany 1.95
4  Sweden 1.83
5  United Kingdom 1.72
6  Czech Republic 1.71
7  South Korea 1.70
8  Finland 1.64
9  Austria 1.64
10  Singapore 1.63
11  United States 1.58
12  Slovenia 1.56
13  France 1.47
14  Slovakia 1.35
15  Hungary 1.34
16  Ireland 1.27
17  Italy 1.22
18  Israel 1.22
19  Denmark 1.19
20  Netherlands 1.13
21  Poland 1.12
22  China 0.96
23  Mexico 0.95
24  Norway 0.95
25  Spain 0.93
Source: Observatory of Economic Complexity, MIT

The list is incomplete and only includes the top 25 out of 124 countries.

2009 rankings[edit]

Rank Country/Territory ECI ECI Increase ('98-'08) Rank Increase ('98-'08) Treemap
1  Japan 2.316 Increase 0.11 Steady 0
Japan Export Treemap.jpg
2  Germany 2.0125 Decrease -0.20 Steady 0
Germany Product Export Treemap.jpg
3   Switzerland 1.935 Decrease -0.14 Steady 0
Switzerland Export Treemap.png
4  Sweden 1.859 Decrease -0.17 Steady 0
Sweden Export Treemap.png
5  Austria 1.807 Increase 0.01 Increase 3
Products exported by Austria.png
6  Finland 1.715 Decrease -0.13 Steady 0
Finland Export Treemap.jpg
7  Singapore 1.639 Increase 0.42 Increase 12
Singapore Export Treemap.png
8  Czech Republic 1.628 Increase 0.10 Increase 6
Czech Republic Export Treemap.jpg
9  United Kingdom 1.558 Decrease -0.37 Decrease -4
United Kingdom Export Treemap.png
10  Slovenia 1.523 Increase 0.09 Increase 5
Slovenia treemap.png
11  France 1.473 Decrease -0.20 Decrease -2
France Export Treemap.jpg
12  South Korea 1.469 Increase 0.53 Increase 13
Korea Export Treemap.jpg
13  United States 1.447 Decrease -0.36 Decrease -6
United States Export Treemap.png
14  Hungary 1.43 Increase 0.42 Increase 9
Hungary Export Treemap.jpg
15  Slovakia 1.379 Increase 0.05 Increase 2
Slovakia Export Treemap.png
16  Italy 1.308 Decrease -0.23 Decrease -3
Italy Export Treemap.jpg
17  Denmark 1.267 Decrease -0.27 Decrease -5
Denmark Export Treemap.jpg
18  Ireland 1.231 Decrease -0.34 Decrease -7
Ireland Export Treemap.jpg
19  Israel 1.164 Decrease -0.08 Decrease -1
2014 Israeli Export Treemap.png
20  Mexico 1.145 Increase 0.35 Increase 7
Mexico Product Export Treemap.jpg
21  Belarus 1.116 Increase 0.59 Increase 14
Belarus Export Treemap.jpg
22  Belgium 1.085 Decrease -0.52 Decrease -12
Tree map export 2009 Belgium.jpeg
23  Netherlands 1.044 Decrease -0.33 Decrease -7
Netherlands treemap.png
24  Hong Kong 1.023 Increase 0.60 Increase 18
Hong-Kong Export Treemap.jpg
25  Poland 1.02 Steady 0.00 Decrease -3
Poland Export Treemap.png
26  Croatia 0.989 Increase 0.20 Increase 2
Croatia Export Treemap.jpg
27  Romania 0.936 Increase 0.29 Increase 5
Romania Export Treemap.png
28  Spain 0.933 Decrease -0.19 Decrease -8
Spain Export Treemap.png
29  China 0.894 Increase 0.57 Increase 18
China Export Treemap.jpg
30  Panama 0.831 Increase 0.96 Increase 36
Panama Export Treemap.png
31  Thailand 0.814 Increase 0.65 Increase 26
Thailand Export Treemap.png
32  Estonia 0.791 Increase 0.24 Increase 2
Estonia Export Treemap.jpg
33  Norway 0.777 Decrease -0.21 Decrease -9
Norway treemap.png
34  Malaysia 0.759 Increase 0.28 Increase 4
Malaysia Product Export Treemap.jpg
35  Portugal 0.696 Increase 0.13 Decrease -2
Portugal Export Treemap.png
36  Lithuania 0.683 Increase 0.27 Increase 7
Lithuania treemap.png
37  Serbia 0.644
Serbia Export Treemap.png
38  Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.453 Increase 0.08 Decrease -2
Bosnia and Herzegovina Export Treemap.jpg
39  Latvia 0.594 Increase 0.37 Increase 13
40  Bulgaria 0.587 Decrease -0.06 Decrease -9
Bulgaria Export Treemap.jpg
41  Canada 0.571 Decrease -0.45 Decrease -20
Canada Export Treemap.jpg
42  Ukraine 0.559 Decrease -0.33 Decrease -16
Ukraine Export Treemap.png
43  Turkey 0.444 Increase 0.17 Increase 6
Turkey Export Treemap.png
44  Lebanon 0.403 Increase 0.32 Increase 17
Lebanon Export Treemap.jpg
45  Jordan 0.325 Decrease -0.11 Decrease -4
Jordan Export Treemap.jpg
46  Russia 0.324 Decrease -0.36 Decrease -17
Russia Export Treemap.png
47  Tunisia 0.294 Increase 0.31 Increase 16
Tunisia Export Treemap.png
48  New Zealand 0.287 Decrease -0.18 Decrease -9
New Zealand Exports Treemap (2009).jpg
49  Costa Rica 0.278 Increase 0.81 Increase 29
Costa Rica Export Treemap.jpg
50  Moldova 0.266 Increase 0.15 Increase 9
Moldova Export Treemap.png
51  India 0.247 Increase 0.04 Increase 3
India treemap.png
52  Brazil 0.244 Decrease -0.43 Decrease -22
Brazil Export Treemap.jpg
53  Greece 0.214 Decrease -0.04 Decrease -3
Greece Export Treemap.jpg
54  Colombia 0.2 Decrease -0.08 Decrease -6
Colombia Export Treemap.jpg
55  South Africa 0.131 Decrease -0.28 Decrease -11
South Africa Product Export Treemap.jpg
56  Uruguay 0.109 Decrease -0.33 Decrease -16
Uruguay Export Treemap.png
57  Argentina 0.106 Decrease -0.28 Decrease -12
Tree map export 2009 Argentina.jpeg
58  Albania 0.087 Increase 0.46 Increase 17
Tree map export 2009 Albania.jpeg
59  Philippines 0.032 Increase 0.34 Increase 14
Philippines Export Treemap.png
60  El Salvador 0.026 Increase 1.05 Increase 45
El Salvador Export Treemap.jpg
61  Indonesia -0.007 Increase 0.18 Increase 7
Indonesia Export Treemap.jpg
62  Macedonia -0.018 Decrease -0.02 Steady 0
Macedonia treemap.png
63  Egypt -0.021 Increase 0.28 Increase 9
Egypt Exports 2.jpg
64  Dominican Republic -0.064 Increase 0.66 Increase 26
Tree map exports 2009 Dominican Republic.jpeg
65  Guatemala -0.099 Increase 0.76 Increase 33
Guatemala Export Treemap.jpg
66  United Arab Emirates -0.106 Decrease -0.08 Decrease -2
United Arab Emirates Export Treemap.png
67  Vietnam -0.181 Increase 0.41 Increase 16
Viet Nam Export Treemap.png
68  Saudi Arabia -0.201 Decrease -0.42 Decrease -15
Saudi Arabia Export Treemap.png
69  Kyrgyzstan -0.24 Decrease -0.33 Decrease -9
Kyrgyzstan Export Treemap.jpg
70  Georgia -0.263 Decrease -0.74 Decrease -33
Georgia Export Treemap.jpg
71  Sri Lanka -0.265 Increase 0.37 Increase 16
Sri Lanka Export Treemap.png
72  Namibia -0.271
Namibia treemap.png
73  Kenya -0.276 Increase 0.84 Increase 36
Kenya Export Treemap.jpg
74  Senegal -0.287 Increase 0.68 Increase 27
Senegal Export Treemap.png
75  Syria -0.29 Increase 0.69 Increase 27
Syria Export Treemap.png
76  Trinidad and Tobago -0.306 Decrease -0.25 Decrease -11
Trinidad and Tobago Export Treemap.png
77  Mauritius -0.307 Increase 0.32 Increase 9
Mauritius treemap.png
78  Chile -0.312 Decrease -0.44 Decrease -20
Tree map export 2009 Chile.jpeg
79  Australia -0.321 Decrease -0.50 Decrease -23
2012 Australia Products Export Treemap.png
80  Zimbabwe -0.327 Increase 0.23 Increase 2
Zimbabwe Export Treemap.png
81  Jamaica -0.343 Increase 0.44 Increase 12
Jamaica Export Treemap.jpg
82  Pakistan -0.398 Increase 0.33 Increase 10
Pakistan Export Treemap.png
83  Morocco -0.4 Increase 0.11 Decrease -6
Morocco treemap.png
84  Cuba -0.426 Increase 0.19 Increase 1
Tree map export 2009 Cuba.jpeg
85  Qatar -0.438 Increase 0.35 Increase 9
Qatar Export Treemap.png
86  Paraguay -0.474 Decrease -0.25 Decrease -17
Paraguay Export Treemap.png
87  Uganda -0.488 Increase 0.65 Increase 24
Uganda Export Treemap.png
88  Honduras -0.518 Increase 0.57 Increase 20
Honduras Export Treemap.jpg
89  Peru -0.576 Decrease -0.32 Decrease -18
Peru Export Treemap.png
90  Madagascar -0.594 Increase 0.54 Increase 20
Madagascar treemap.png
91  Oman -0.604 Decrease -0.27 Decrease -17
Oman Export Treemap.png
92  Kazakhstan -0.608 Decrease -0.82 Decrease -37
Kazakhstan Export Treemap.jpg
93  Ecuador -0.619 Increase 0.23 Increase 4
Tree map exports 2009 Ecuador.jpeg
94  Botswana -0.62
Tree map export 2009 Botswana.jpeg
95  Tanzania -0.637 Increase 0.61 Increase 20
Tanzania Export Treemap.png
96  Uzbekistan -0.658 Decrease -0.51 Decrease -29
Uzbekistan Export Treemap.png
97  Nicaragua -0.661 Increase 0.66 Increase 20
Nicaragua treemap.png
98  Cambodia -0.702 Increase 0.48 Increase 16
Tree map export 2009 Cambodia.jpeg
99  Ivory Coast -0.868 Increase 0.56 Increase 20
Tree map export 2009 Cote d'Ivoire.jpeg
100  Ghana -0.868 Increase 0.31 Increase 13
Ghana Export Treemap.jpg
101  Bolivia -0.879 Decrease -0.32 Decrease -20
Tree map export 2009 Bolivia.jpeg
102  Laos -0.88 Decrease -0.05 Decrease -6
Lao PDR Export Treemap.jpg
103  Bangladesh -0.887 Increase 0.11 Steady 0
Tree map export 2009 Bangladesh.jpeg
104  Ethiopia -0.892 Increase 0.17 Increase 2
Tree map exports 2009 Ethiopia.jpeg
105  Zambia -0.933 Increase 0.03 Decrease -5
Zambia Export Treemap.png
106  Malawi -1.024 Increase 0.28 Increase 10
Malawi treemap.png
107  Yemen -1.042 Increase 0.33 Increase 11
Yemen Export Treemap.png
108  Tajikistan -1.054 Decrease -0.81 Decrease -38
Tajikistan Export Treemap.png
109  Mozambique -1.077 Decrease -0.70 Decrease -33
Mozambique treemap.png
110  Mali -1.103 Increase 0.38 Increase 10
Mali treemap.png
111  Venezuela -1.109 Decrease -1.36 Decrease -60
Venezuela Export Treemap.png
112  Liberia -1.128 Decrease -0.52 Decrease -28
Liberia Export Treemap.jpg
113  Mongolia -1.166 Decrease -0.46 Decrease -24
Mongolia treemap.png
114  Algeria -1.213 Decrease -0.40 Decrease -19
Tree map export 2009 Algeria.jpeg
115  Turkmenistan -1.217 Decrease -0.67 Decrease -35
Turkmenistan Export Treemap.png
116  Kuwait -1.219 Decrease -0.67 Decrease -37
Kuwait Export Treemap.jpg
117  Azerbaijan -1.223 Decrease -1.60 Decrease -71
Azerbaijan Export Treemap.jpg
118  Iran -1.229 Decrease -0.54 Decrease -30
Iran Export Treemap.jpg
119  Libya -1.304 Decrease -0.58 Decrease -28
Libya treemap.png
120  Gabon -1.364 Decrease -0.44 Decrease -21
Gabon Export Treemap.jpg
121  Cameroon -1.403 Increase 0.32 Increase 3
Tree map export 2009 Cameroon.jpeg
122  Nigeria -1.418 Increase 0.23 Increase 1
Nigeria treemap.png
123  Guinea -1.444 Increase 0.34 Increase 2
Tree map exports 2009 Equatorial Guinea.jpeg
124  Papua New Guinea -1.577 Decrease -0.02 Decrease -3
Papua New Guinea Export Treemap.png
125  Congo -1.707 Decrease -0.12 Decrease -3
Tree map export 2009 Congo.jpeg
126  Sudan -1.768 Decrease -0.69 Decrease -19
Sudan Export Treemap.png
127  Angola -1.793 Decrease -0.64 Decrease -15
Tree map export 2009 Angola.jpeg
128  Mauritania -1.907 Decrease -0.89 Decrease -24
Mauritania treemap.png

References[edit]