List of countries by electricity production from renewable sources

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This article is a list of countries by electricity generation from renewable sources every year. Note that most countries import and/or export electricity, so the percentage figures do not reflect the percentage of consumption that is renewable based.

Based on REN21's 2016 report, renewables contributed 19.2% to humans' global energy consumption and 23.7% to their generation of electricity in 2014 and 2015, respectively. This energy consumption is divided as 8.9% coming from traditional biomass, 4.2% as heat energy (modern biomass, geothermal and solar heat), 3.9% hydro electricity and 2.2% is electricity from wind, solar, geothermal, and biomass. Worldwide investments in renewable technologies amounted to more than US$286 billion in 2015, with countries like China and the United States heavily investing in wind, hydro, solar and biofuels.[1] Globally, there are an estimated 7.7 million jobs associated with the renewable energy industries, with solar photovoltaics being the largest renewable employer.[2] As of 2015 worldwide, more than half of all new electricity capacity installed was renewable.[3]

This list is based on International Energy Agency (IEA) statistics[4] where not otherwise specified.

Country Year Total renewable
(GWh)
Hydropower
(GWh)
Wind power
(GWh)
Biomass
(GWh)
Solar power
(GWh)
Geothermal
(GWh)
% of total
generation
Ref and notes
Afghanistan Afghanistan 2012 710 710 - - - - 80.32%
Albania Albania 2012 4,245 4,245 - - - - 99.98%
Algeria Algeria 2012 616 616 - - - - 1.14%
Angola Angola 2012 3,940 3,940 - - - - 71.96%
Argentina Argentina 2015 42,072 41,464 608 - 608 - 31.1% 608 GWh mentioned is the total amount from wind and solar combined [5]
Armenia Armenia 2012 2,303 2,299 4 - - - 30.22%
Australia Australia 2014 23,834 14,567 9,777 2,400 4,952 1 13.47% [6]
Austria Austria 2012 50,881 43,352 2,463 4,728 337 1 78.39%
Azerbaijan Azerbaijan 2012 1,803 1,803 - - - - 8.31%
Bangladesh Bangladesh 2012 1,869 1,803 2 2 62 - 4.11%
Belarus Belarus 2012 202 69 6 127 - - 0.69%
Belgium Belgium 2012 10,473 353 2,750 5,222 2,148 - 13.76%
Belize Belize 2012 409 209 - 200 - - 96.69%
Benin Benin 2012 2 1 - 1 - - 1.30%
Bhutan Bhutan 2012 6,745 6,745 - - - - 99.99%
Bolivia Bolivia 2012 2,562 2,328 - 231 3 - 34.94%
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 2012 4,173 4,173 - - - - 31.03%
Brazil Brazil 2015 430,410 359,745 21,625 49,039 - - 75.50% [7] [8] [9]
Bulgaria Bulgaria 2012 5,295 3,194 1,221 66 814 - 12.11%
Burkina Faso Burkina Faso 2012 97 97 - - - - 18.58%
Burundi Burundi 2012 200 200 - - - - 99.01%
 Cambodia 2012 535 512 - 20 3 - 38.91%
Cameroon Cameroon 2012 4,558 4,494 - 64 - - 74.05%
Canada Canada 2015 422,539 380,598 26,446 12,600 2,895 - 66% [7] [10]
Cape Verde Cape Verde 2012 7 - 7 - - - 2.28%
 Central African Republic 2012 155 155 - - - - 85.64%
Chile Chile 2012 25,219 19,956 409 4,854 - - 37.70%
China China 2015 1,425,180 1,130,270 185,766 52,700 45,225 125 24.32% [11]
Colombia Colombia 2012 47,661 47,106 55 500 - - 82.44%
 Comoros 2012 3 3 - - - - 6.98%
 Republic of the Congo 2012 813 813 - - - - 62.39%
 Costa Rica 2012 9,273 7,162 528 179 2 1,402 92.24% Renewable energy reached 100% for 75 days straight in 2015[12]. Costa Rica still maintains fossil fuel plants as back-up power sources.
Croatia Croatia 2012 5,018 4,593 329 94 2 - 50.27%
 Cuba 2012 687 110 17 555 5 - 3.96%
Cyprus Cyprus 2012 257 - 185 50 22 - 5.80%
Czech Republic Czech Republic 2012 8,016 2,108 416 3,343 2,149 - 9.79%
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 2012 7,852 7,852 - - - - 99.58%
Denmark Denmark 2014 18,706 15 13,079 5,016 596 - 56.58% [13] [14]
 Dominica 2012 27 26 1 - - - 27.08%
 Dominican Republic 2012 1,943 1,784 101 30 28 - 13.77%
 Ecuador 2012 12,414 12,116 2 296 - - 56.16%
Egypt Egypt 2012 14,721 13,224 1,260 - 237 - 9.48%
 El Salvador 2012 3,752 1,842 - 375 - 1,535 60.71%
Equatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinea 2012 7 7 - - - - 7.00%
Eritrea Eritrea 2012 2 - - - - - 0.59%
Estonia Estonia 2012 1,476 42 434 1,001 - - 13.03%
Ethiopia Ethiopia 2012 6,594 6,549 29 - - 16 99.43%
 Faroe Islands 2015 188,9 133,1 55,8 - - - 60.08%
 Fiji 2012 565 525 20 20 - - 67.58%
Finland Finland 2012 28,233 16,690 494 11,044 5 - 41.82%
France France 2015 95,110 58,700 21,100 7,900 7,400 10 17.42% [15]
Gabon Gabon 2012 908 899 - 9 - - 43.01%
 Georgia 2012 7,151 7,151 - - - - 75.47%
Germany Germany 2015 195,900 19,300 88,000 50,000 38,400 35 32.70% % of consum. AGEB figures
 Ghana 2012 7,990 7,990 - - - - 68.26%
Greece Greece 2012 10,107 4,359 3,850 204 1,694 - 17.56%
Greenland Greenland 2015 423 423 - - - - ? [16]
 Guatemala 2012 6,250 4,413 - - 246 - 68.08%
Guinea Guinea 2012 550 550 - - - - 56.64%
 Haiti 2012 158 158 - - - - 14.51%
Honduras Honduras 2012 3,293 2,759 338 196 - - 45.05%
Hungary Hungary 2012 2,644 211 770 1,655 8 - 8.14%
Iceland Iceland 2015 18,794 13,780 11 - - 5,003 100% [17]
India India 2015 213,020 138,052 42,790 24,892 5,636 - 19.11% [18] [19]
Indonesia Indonesia 2012 22,266 12,671 5 170 3 9,417 12.01%
Iran Iran 2012 12,553 12,323 207 23 - - 5.25%
Iraq Iraq 2012 5,370 5,370 - - - - 9.22%
Republic of Ireland Ireland 2012 5,229 794 4,010 425 - - 20.23%
Israel Israel 2012 475 33 6 67 369 - 0.80%
Italy Italy 2014 122,556 57,962 15,182 21,186 22,311 5,928 45.90%
Ivory Coast Ivory Coast 2012 1,837 1,771 - 66 - - 27.47%
 Jamaica 2012 374 149 107 118 - - 9.26%
Japan Japan 2014 154,586 86,942 5,038 35,253 24,506 2,577 15.53% [20] [21]
Jordan Jordan 2012 69 60 3 6 - - 0.44%
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 2012 7,564 7,561 3 - - - 8.78%
Kenya Kenya 2012 6,187 4,256 15 316 1 1,599 76.17%
 Kyrgyzstan 2012 14,037 14,037 - - - - 93.79%
Laos Laos 2012 11,140 11,140 - - - - 92.04%
Latvia Latvia 2012 4,073 3,670 114 289 - - 67.79%
Lebanon Lebanon 2012 997 997 - - - - 7.13%
 Lesotho 2012 486 486 - - - - 100.00%
Lithuania Lithuania 2012 1,179 419 540 218 2 - 30.02%
Luxembourg Luxembourg 2012 327 96 75 118 38 - 15.43%
 Republic of Macedonia 2012 1,034 1,031 - - 3 - 17.41%
 Madagascar 2012 1,335 1,335 - - - - 65.93%
 Malawi 2012 1,900 1,900 - - - - 87.16%
Malaysia Malaysia 2012 9,831 8,965 - 819 47 - 7.75%
 Mali 2012 724 724 - - - - 76.29%
Malta Malta 2012 16 - - 3 13 - 0.75%
 Mauritania 2012 135 135 - - - - 13.04%
 Mauritius 2012 578 73 4 500 1 - 21.70%
Mexico Mexico 2012 43,857 31,536 3,644 2,791 69 5,817 15.73%
Moldova Moldova 2012 266 266 - - - - 4.87%
 Montenegro 2012 1,462 1,462 - - - - 53.22%
Morocco Morocco 2012 2,843 1,615 728 500 370 - 9.24% [22]
 Mozambique 2012 14,994 14,994 - - - - 99.87%
 Myanmar 2012 7,688 7,688 - - - - 73.39%
 Namibia 2012 1,591 1,591 - - - - 88.59%
Nepal Nepal 2012 3,498 3,498 - - - - 99.49%
Netherlands Netherlands 2016 15,000 825 8,320 5,180 825 - 13%

[23]

 New Caledonia 2012 430 400 30 - - - 14.73%
New Zealand New Zealand 2012 31,564 22,665 2,074 631 - 6,194 72.93%
 Nicaragua 2012 1,720 413 330 454 - 523 41.14%
Nigeria Nigeria 2012 5,602 5,602 - - - - 20.55%
North Korea North Korea 2012 13,365 13,365 - - - - 71.25%
Norway Norway 2015 140,638 137,914 2,515 197 12 - 99% [7] [24]
Pakistan Pakistan 2012 29,576 29,558 256 - 1,000 - 31.85%
 Panama 2012 5,363 5,337 - 26 - - 64.14%
 Papua New Guinea 2012 1,100 700 - - - 400 32.84%
Paraguay Paraguay 2012 59,630 59,630 - - - - 99.99%
Peru Peru 2012 22,515 21,826 1 668 20 - 57.63%
 Philippines 2012 20,639 10,149 75 164 1 10250 29.62%
Poland Poland 2012 16,868 2,017 5,100 10,103 1 - 11.04%
Portugal Portugal 2012 19,314 5,566 10,259 2,950 393 146 44.49%
 Puerto Rico 2012 148 148 - - - - 0.74%
 Réunion 2012 963 633 20 300 10 - 32.50%
Romania Romania 2012 14,805 11,945 2,640 212 8 - 26.43%
Russia Russia 2015 168,616 168,065 6 32 62 451 17%

[7] [25]

Rwanda Rwanda 2012 135 135 - - - - 43.55%
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2012 25 25 - - - - 18.25%
 Samoa 2012 37 37 - - - - 38.14%
 Sao Tome and Principe 2012 10 10 - - - - 15.38%
Senegal Senegal 2012 336 287 - 45 4 - 10.67%
Serbia Serbia 2012 9,200 9,193 - 7 - - 28.96%
 Sierra Leone 2012 100 100 - - - - 68.97%
Slovakia Slovakia 2012 5,420 4,062 6 928 424 - 20.35%
Slovenia Slovenia 2012 4,283 3,853 - 267 163 - 28.92%
South Africa South Africa 2012 2,418 1,972 103 293 50 - 1.01%
South Korea South Korea 2012 7,123 3,929 917 1,174 1,103 - 1.43%
Spain Spain 2014 110,550 38,777 52,000 6,100 13,673 - 30.99%
Sri Lanka Sri Lanka 2014 4,849 4,534 147 22 19 - 39.24%
Sudan Sudan 2012 7,063 6,553 - 510 - - 72.73%
 Suriname 2012 600 600 - - - - 34.29%
 Swaziland 2012 125 125 - - - - 29.41%
Sweden Sweden 2012 96,967 78,143 7,165 11,640 19 - 60.21%
Switzerland Switzerland 2012 40,155 38,214 88 1,533 320 - 61.96%
Syria Syria 2012 3,205 3,205 - - - - 10.87%
 Tajikistan 2012 16,731 16,731 - - - - 95.45%
Tanzania Tanzania 2012 1,672 1,640 - 19 13 - 30.22%
Thailand Thailand 2012 13,689 8,666 141 4,388 493 1 8.75%
 Togo 2012 93 88 - 5 - - 85.32%
 Trinidad and Tobago 2012 20 - - 20 - - 0.23%
 Tunisia 2012 310 109 196 - 5 - 1.93%
Turkey Turkey 2012 64,637 57,286 5,860 592 - 899 28.31%
 Turkmenistan 2012 3 3 - - - - 0.02%
 Uganda 2012 2,525 2,425 - 100 - - 82.92%
Ukraine Ukraine 2012 11,129 10,374 288 134 333 - 5.95%
United Kingdom United Kingdom 2015 75,721 6,289 40,310 21,552 7,561 9 22.33% UK DECC source[26]
United States United States 2015 598,949 271,129 192,992 61,417 35,635 18,727 14.27% source EIA[27]
Uruguay Uruguay 2012 6,489 5,367 111 1,011 - - 62.98% Increased to 94.5% in 2015[28]
 Uzbekistan 2012 11,098 11,098 - - - - 22.24%
Venezuela Venezuela 2012 81,188 81,188 - - - - 65.99%
Vietnam Vietnam 2012 52,994 52,850 87 57 - - 44.85%
 Zambia 2012 11,696 11,696 - - - - 99.71%
Zimbabwe Zimbabwe 2012 5,396 5,333 - 63 - - 69.75%


References[edit]

  1. ^ REN21, Global Status Report 2016. Retrieved 09-30-2017.
  2. ^ IRENA, Renewable energy and jobs, Annual review 2015, IRENA.Retrieved 09-30-2017.
  3. ^ Vaughan, Adam (25 October 2016). "Renewables made up half of net electricity capacity added last year". The Guardian. Retrieved 09-30-2017.
  4. ^ "International Energy Statistics". Eia.gov. EIA - International Energy Statistics. 25 May 2016. Retrieved 25 May 2016. 
  5. ^ "CAMMESA - Annual Report 2015, page 36" (PDF). Portalweb.cammesa.com. Retrieved 3 October 2017. 
  6. ^ "Clean Energy Council - Reports". Cleanenergycouncil.org.au. Retrieved 3 October 2017. 
  7. ^ a b c d "Renewable Energy Technologies". Irena. Retrieved 2017-09-29. 
  8. ^ "Brazil generates nearly 76 percent of its electricity from renewable resources". Export. Retrieved 2017-09-29. 
  9. ^ "Share of renewables also increased in domestic supply, from 75.5% in 2015 to 82.4% in 2016". Brazilgovnews. Retrieved 2017-09-29. 
  10. ^ "Canada produces 66% of its electricity from renewables". Independent. Retrieved 2017-09-29. 
  11. ^ "China, People's Republic of: Electricity and Heat for 2015", IEA. 2016. Retrieved 29 September 2017.
  12. ^ Gough, Myles. "Costa Rica Powered With 100% Renewable Energy For 75 Straight Days". Sciencealert.com. Retrieved 3 October 2017. 
  13. ^ "IEA - Report". Iea.org. Retrieved 3 October 2017. 
  14. ^ "IEA - Report". Iea.org. Retrieved 3 October 2017. 
  15. ^ "2015 Annual Electricity Report" (PDF). Rte-france.com. Retrieved 3 October 2017. 
  16. ^ "Statbank Greenland. Production and consumption of renewable energy etc. [ENE3VVE"], Statistics Greenland. 2017. Retrieved 18 October 2017.
  17. ^ "Generation of electricity in Iceland 2015 og 2014", Orkustofnun Data Repository OS. 2016. Retrieved 29 September 2017.
  18. ^ "IEA - Report". Iea.org. Retrieved 3 December 2017. 
  19. ^ "IEA - Report". Iea.org. Retrieved 3 December 2017. 
  20. ^ "IEA - Report". Iea.org. Retrieved 3 October 2017. 
  21. ^ "IEA - Report". Iea.org. Retrieved 3 October 2017. 
  22. ^ afdb.org - Report https://www.afdb.org/fileadmin/uploads/afdb/Documents/Project-and-Operations/Morocco_-_AR_Ouarzazate_Project_I_.pdf - Report Check |url= value (help). Retrieved 21 November 2017.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  23. ^ "Productie hernieuwbare elektriciteit". CBS. Retrieved 2017-09-29. 
  24. ^ "Norway itself runs largely on renewables.". Sbs. Retrieved 2017-09-29. 
  25. ^ "Russia generates 17% of its energy from renewable sources, compared to 12% in the US". Huffingtonpost. Retrieved 2017-09-29. 
  26. ^ "Energy Report 2016" (PDF). Gov.uk. Retrieved 3 October 2017. 
  27. ^ "IEA - Report". Iea.org. Retrieved 3 December 2017. 
  28. ^ Watts, Jonathan (3 December 2015). "Uruguay makes dramatic shift to nearly 95% electricity from clean energy". Theguardian.com. Retrieved 3 October 2017.