List of countries by external debt

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This is a list of countries by external debt, which is the total public and private debt owed to nonresidents repayable in internationally accepted currencies, goods or services, where the public debt is the money or credit owed by any level of government, from central to local, and the private debt the money or credit owed by private households or private corporations based in the country under consideration.

For informational purposes, several non-sovereign entities are also included in this list.

Note that while a country may have a relatively large external debt (either in absolute or per capita terms) it could actually be a "net international creditor" if its external debt is less than the total of the external debt of other countries held by it. For example, although the UK has more external debt than France, it has more external assets giving it a stronger NIIP.[when?]

List[edit]

List of countries by external debt
Rank Country/Region External debt
US dollars
Date Per capita
US dollars
% of GDP
1  United States 8.756×10^12 31 March 2020[1] 26,533 42
2  United Kingdom 8.475956×10^12 31 December 2017[2] 127,000 313
3  Germany 5.7358032×10^12 31 March 2020[3] 69,000 153
6  Japan 4.7653479×10^12 31 March 2020[4] 38,000 94
4  Netherlands 4.560190614×10^11 1 May 2020[5] 26,540 56
7  France 2.785709×10^12 12 May 2020 [6] 87,200 277
8  Italy 2.51069×10^12 31 December 2017[7] 42,300 124
9  Spain 2.259127×10^12 31 December 2017[8] 48,700 97
10  China 2.0946×10^12 1 March 2020 1,326 15
11  Canada 1.9319×10^12 31 December 2017[9] 52,300 115
12   Switzerland 1.820695×10^12 31 December 2017[10] 213,100 269
13  Australia 1.48772×10^12 30 June 2017[11] 60,800 126
14  Singapore 1.320567×10^12 30 June 2017[12] 231,000 453
15  Belgium 1.278465×10^12 30 June 2017[13] 112,000 265
16  Sweden 9.939396629×10^11 30 June 2017[14] 94,500 177
17  Austria 6.3834×10^11 30 June 2017[15] 73,100 167
18  Norway 6.044238×10^11 30 June 2017[16] 117,000 169
19  Brazil 5.56418×10^11 30 September 2017[17] 3,200 30
20  Russia 4.688×10^11 1 July 2019[18] 3,700 28
21  India 5.639×10^11 December 2019[19] 383 19
22  Denmark 4.91617×10^11 30 June 2017[20] 85,700 163
23  Finland 4.83369×10^11 30 June 2017[21] 87,500 196
24  Greece 4.76997×10^11 31 December 2017[22] 42,800 228
25  Turkey 4.534×10^11 30 September 2019 [23] 2,983 33.7
26  Portugal 4.47022×10^11 30 June 2017[24] 43,300 216
27  Mexico 4.37367×10^11 31 December 2017[25] 3,300 38
28  Indonesia 4.134×10^11 31 August 2020[26] 1,481 38.5
29  South Korea 4.07341×10^11 30 June 2017[27] 7,500 27
30  Poland 3.63658×10^11 30 June 2017[28] 9,500 70
31  Malaysia 2.278445×10^11 31 March 2018[29] 6,800 75
32  Ireland  2.276×10^11 31 December 2017[30] 49,000 64
33  United Arab Emirates 2.204×10^11 31 December 2016 est.[31] 23,500 59
34  Saudi Arabia 2.009×10^11 31 December 2016 est.[32] 6,100 31
35  Argentina 3.63117×10^11 31 December 2017[33] 8,280 66
36  Mauritius 1.9971×10^11 30 June 2018[34] 148,000 1,536
37  Taiwan 1.99051×10^11 30 June 2018[35] 7,400 33
38  New Zealand 1.919437×10^11 31 March 2020[36] 38,400 94
39  Chile 1.86697×10^11 31 March 2019[37] 9,771 66
40  Puerto Rico (USA) 1.674×10^11 31 January 2015 est. 47,800 164
41  Kazakhstan 1.65501×10^11 31 March 2017[38] 9,100 117
42  Qatar 1.592×10^11 31 December 2016 est.[39] 68,100 102
43  Thailand 1.4942955×10^11 31 December 2017[40] 2,170 33
44  Hungary 1.48024×10^11 30 June 2017[41] 15,000 121
45  South Africa 1.42833×10^11 31 December 2016[42] 2,600 48
46  Czechia 1.37606×10^11 31 December 2016[43] 13,000 70
47  Colombia 1.210972×10^11 31 January 2017[44] 2,500 43
48  Cyprus 1.19672×10^11 30 June 2017[45] 97,200 597
49  Ukraine 1.14836×10^11 30 June 2017[46] 2,600 122
50  Pakistan 1.11047×10^11 31 December 2019[47] 525 39
51  Venezuela 1.10878×10^11 30 September 2015[48] 3,500 23
52  Romania 1.0888×10^11 31 July 2017[49] 5,100 55
53  Malta 9.62513×10^10 30 June 2017[50] 223,000 879
54  Israel 8.94384×10^10 30 June 2017[51] 10,700 26
55  Slovakia 8.663×10^10 30 June 2017[52] 15,900 91
56  Peru 7.46512×10^10 31 December 2016[53] 2,300 38
57  Philippines 7.2493×10^10 30 June 2017[54] 720 25
58  Iraq 6.801×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[55] 1,800 44
59  Egypt 6.73226×10^10 31 December 2016[56] 700 41
60  Slovenia 5.19808×10^10 30 April 2020[57] 25,000 109
61  Vietnam 5.09377×10^10 31 December 2015[58] 500 26
62  Morocco 4.88303×10^10 30 June 2017[59] 1,400 44
63  Kuwait 4.789×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[60] 11,700 43
64  Sri Lanka 4.65857×10^10 31 December 2016[61] 2,200 59
65  Croatia 4.60847×10^10 30 June 2017[62] 10,700 87
66  Sudan 4.5×10^10 31 December 2015[63] 1,100 47
67  Latvia 4.1147×10^10 30 June 2017[64] 21,200 147
68  Bulgaria 4.0419×10^10 31 January 2018[65] 5,700 66
69  Belarus 3.8975×10^10 30 June 2017[66] 4,000 83
70  Angola 3.77×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[67] 1,400 41
71  Ecuador 3.67472×10^10 31 August 2017[68] 2,100 35
72  Lithuania 3.64277×10^10 30 June 2017[69] 12,700 86
73  Serbia 2.7954×10^10 30 June 2017[70] 3,200 78
74  Lebanon 2.7796×10^10 31 December 2016[71] 4,600 54
75  Jordan 2.77564×10^10 30 June 2017[72] 3,400 30
76  Cuba 2.632×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[73] 2,300 34
77  Uruguay 2.61492×10^10 31 December 2016[74] 7,600 50
78  Dominican Republic 2.605×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[75] 2,400 36
79  Bangladesh 2.5963×10^10 30 June 2016[76] 160 12
80  Mongolia 2.5215×10^10 30 June 2017[77] 7,800 186
81  Tunisia 2.51247×10^10 31 December 2012[78] 2,200 56
82  Costa Rica 2.491×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[79] 5,100 43
83  Iceland 2.43906×10^10 30 June 2017[80] 72,700 118
84  Ethiopia 2.249×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[81] 220 32
85  Kenya 2.21719×10^10 30 June 2017[82] 370 26
86  Papua New Guinea 2.204×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[83] 2,800 111
87  Trinidad & Tobago 2.15321×10^10 31 December 2016[84] 15,700 76
88  Ghana 2.117×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[85] 700 50
89  Bahrain 2.116×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[86] 14,900 66
90  Oman 2.085×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[87] 4,400 35
91  Estonia 2.05251×10^10 31 December 2016[88] 15,700 91
92  Guatemala 1.909×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[89] 1,100 28
93  Palau 1.838×10^10 31 December 2014 est.[90] 846,000 6,209
94  Panama 1.8341×10^10 28 February 2018[91] 4,400 30
95  Bahamas 1.756×10^10 31 December 2013 est.[92] 44,200 194
96  Jamaica 1.676×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[93] 6,000 122
97  Monaco 1.65×10^10 30 June 2010 est. 434,000 240
98  Georgia 1.64165×10^10 30 June 2017[94] 3,900 108
99  Paraguay 1.61224×10^10 31 December 2016[95] 2,400 58
100  Tanzania 1.589×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[96] 280 34
101  Uzbekistan 1.575×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[97] 500 24
102  Nigeria 1.5047×10^10 30 June 2017[98] 60 3
103  El Salvador 1.49×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[99] 2,400 56
104  Laos 1.198×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[100] 1,700 87
105  Nicaragua 1.11×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[101] 1,800 83
106  Zimbabwe 1.09×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[102] 670 77
107  Luxembourg 1.061778×10^10 31 March 2020 [103] 16,960 16
108  Armenia 1.0044×10^10 30 June 2017[104] 3,300 94
109  Ivory Coast 1.00281×10^10 31 December 2015[105] 420 28
110  Cambodia 9.8244×10^9 31 December 2016[106] 600 49
111  Mozambique 9.554×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[107] 320 79
112  Zambia 9.27×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[108] 540 45
113  Albania 8.6315×10^9 30 June 2017[109] 2,900 73
114  Honduras 8.042×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[110] 1,000 38
115  Kyrgyzstan 7.8668×10^9 31 December 2016[111] 1,300 120
116  North Macedonia 7.6455×10^9 31 December 2016[112] 3,700 74
117  Cameroon 7.375×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[113] 300 24
118  Yemen 7.1915×10^9 31 January 2015[114] 260 21
119  Iran 7.116×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[115] 90 2
120  Azerbaijan 6.9132×10^9 31 December 2016[116] 1,300 20
121  Moldova 6.5947×10^9 31 December 2016[117] 1,600 98
122  Namibia 6.515×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[118] 2,500 64
123  Myanmar 6.4012×10^9 31 December 2015[119] 120 17
124  Bolivia 6.3408×10^9 31 December 2015[120] 600 19
125  Uganda 6.241×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[121] 150 24
126  Senegal 6.186×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[122] 390 42
127  Syria 5.918×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[123] 300 24
128  Democratic Republic of the Congo 5.331×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[124] 70 13
129  Gabon 5.158×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[125] 2,900 35
130  North Korea 5×10^9 2013 est.[126] 200 18
131  Republic of the Congo 4.817×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[127] 1,000 55
132  Bosnia and Herzegovina 4.7166×10^9 30 June 2017[128] 1,300 31
133  Barbados 4.49×10^9 2010 est.[129] 15,700 100
134  Madagascar 4.007×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[130] 160 41
135  Mali 3.626×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[131] 200 26
136  Mauritania 3.585×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[132] 840 76
137  Libya 3.531×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[133] 550 9
138    Nepal 3.4502×10^9 31 July 2015[134] 120 16
139  Algeria 3.139×10^9 30 June 2016[135] 80 2
140  Burkina Faso 3.092×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[136] 160 26
141  Somalia 3.054×10^9 31 December 2013 est.[137] 270 52
142  Niger 2.729×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[138] 130 36
143  Montenegro 2.64×10^9 30 June 2018[139] 4,260 60
144  Seychelles 2.552×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[140] 26,200 180
145  Rwanda 2.442×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[141] 200 29
146  Bermuda (UK) 2.435×10^9 2015 est.[142] 39,700 47
147  Kosovo 2.3897×10^9 30 June 2017[143] 1,200 34
148  Benin 2.34×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[144] 200 26
149  Tajikistan 2.2741×10^9 31 December 2016[145] 260 35
150  Bhutan 2.261×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[146] 2,900 108
151  Haiti 2.022×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[147] 180 24
152  Malawi 1.921×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[148] 100 35
153  Chad 1.875×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[149] 130 18
154  Botswana 1.6854×10^9 31 March 2017[150] 720 10
155  Palestine 1.662×10^9 31 March 2016 est.[151] 340 17
156  Cape Verde 1.66×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[152] 3,100 99
157  Sierra Leone 1.561×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[153] 230 36
158  Equatorial Guinea 1.364×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[154] 1,500 12
159  Djibouti 1.339×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[155] 1,500 71
160  Guinea 1.332×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[156] 100 20
161  Belize 1.327×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[157] 3,500 75
162  Afghanistan 1.28×10^9 FY-2010/11[158] 40 7
163  Suriname 1.235×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[159] 2,200 30
164  Togo 1.173×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[160] 150 26
165  Guyana 1.143×10^9 31 December 2015[161] 1,500 36
166  Liberia 1.111×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[162] 230 51
167  Guinea-Bissau 1.095×10^9 31 December 2010 est.[163] 570 94
168  Lesotho 948,800,000 31 December 2016 est.[164] 430 53
169  Faroe Islands (Denmark) 888,800,000 2010[165] 18,400 38
170  Fiji 833,400,000 31 December 2016 est.[166] 900 18
171  Eritrea 820,200,000 31 December 2016 est.[167] 150 15
172  Maldives 741,600,000 2014 est.[168] 2,000 23
173  Burundi 705,200,000 31 December 2016 est.[169] 60 26
174  Aruba 693,200,000 31 December 2014 est.[170] 6,600 28
175  Central African Republic 686,900,000 31 December 2016 est.[171] 130 39
176  Grenada 679,000,000 2013 est.[172] 6,300 66
177  Gambia 541,800,000 31 December 2016 est.[173] 260 61
178  Saint Lucia 513,200,000 31 December 2016 est.[174] 2,700 36
179  Turkmenistan 502,800,000 31 December 2016 est.[175] 90 1
180  Solomon Islands 491,500,000 31 December 2013 est.[176] 800 40
181  Eswatini 470,500,000 31 December 2016 est.[177] 360 14
182  Samoa 447,200,000 31 December 2013 est.[178] 2,300 51
183  Antigua and Barbuda 441,200,000 31 December 2012[179] 4,700 34
184  San Marino 352,000,000 2016[180] 10,604 22.5
185  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 321,100,000 31 December 2016 est.[181] 2,900 42
186  Timor-Leste 311,500,000 31 December 2014 est.[182] 250 12
187  Dominica 288,600,000 31 December 2016 est.[183] 3,900 55
188  Cook Islands (New Zealand) 281,200,000 31 December 2011[184] 13,400 23
189  Sao Tome and Principe 236,500,000 31 December 2016 est.[185] 1,200 67
190  Tonga 233,100,000 31 December 2016 est.[186] 2,200 54
191  Vanuatu 208,100,000 31 December 2016 est.[187] 750 27
192  Saint Kitts and Nevis 187,500,000 31 December 2016 est.[188] 3,300 20
193  Comoros 133,300,000 31 December 2016 est.[189] 160 21
194  New Caledonia (France) 112,000,000 31 December 2013 est.[190] 420 1
195  Marshall Islands 97,960,000 2013 est.[191] 1,800 52
196  Micronesia 93,600,000 2013 est.[192] 900 29
197  Cayman Islands (UK) 79,000,000 1998 est. 2,100 7
198  Greenland (Denmark) 36,400,000 2010[193] 650 2
199  Nauru 33,300,000 2004 est.[194] 3,200 22
200  British Virgin Islands (UK) 17,670,000 31 December 2016[195] 570 2
201  Kiribati 13,600,000 2013 est.[196] 120 8
202  Anguilla (UK) 8,800,000 1998[197] 590 5
203  Wallis and Futuna (France) 3,670,000 2004[198] 280 6
204  Montserrat (UK) 1,040,000 31 December 2011[199] 200 2
205  Brunei 0 2014[200] 0 0
206  Liechtenstein 0 2001[201] 0 0
207  Niue (New Zealand) 0 27 October 2016[202] 0 0
208  Andorra N/A
209  South Sudan N/A
210  Tuvalu N/A
211   Vatican N/A

See also[edit]

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External links[edit]