List of countries by external debt

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This is a list of countries by external debt, which is the total public and private debt owed to nonresidents repayable in internationally accepted currencies, goods or services, where the public debt is the money or credit owed by any level of government, from central to local, and the private debt the money or credit owed by private households or private corporations based in the country under consideration.

For informational purposes, several non-sovereign entities are also included in this list.

Note that while a country may have a relatively large external debt (either in absolute or per capita terms) it could actually be a "net international creditor" if its external debt is less than the total of the external debt of other countries held by it.

List of countries by external debt
Rank Country/Region External debt
US dollars
Date Per capita
US dollars
% of GDP
1  United States 18,286,510,000,000 31 March 2017[1] 56,000 97
2  United Kingdom 7,499,400,000,000 31 March 2017[2] 119,000 283
3  France 5,250,608,000,000 31 March 2017[3] 75,800 213
4  Germany 5,084,360,000,000 31 March 2017[4] 61,700 148
5  Netherlands 4,124,640,000,000 31 March 2017[5] 234,000 533
6  Luxembourg 3,900,665,000,000 31 March 2017[6] 6,733,000 6,731
7  Japan 3,408,980,000,000 31 March 2017[7] 26,400 74
8  Italy 2,285,740,000,000 31 March 2017[8] 37,900 126
9  Ireland 2,236,430,000,000 30 June 2017[9] 471,000 780
10  Spain 2,036,560,000,000 31 March 2017[10] 44,100 167
11  Canada 1,791,870,000,000 31 March 2017[11] 46,800 116
12   Switzerland 1,699,690,000,000 31 March 2017[12] 204,000 265
13  Australia 1,563,330,000,000 31 March 2017[13] 59,000 126
14  China 1,437,800,000,000 31 March 2017[14] 1,000 13
 Hong Kong 1,416,010,000,000 31 March 2017[15] 180,000 414
15  Singapore 1,300,310,000,000 31 March 2017[16] 227,000 453
16  Belgium 1,194,235,000,000 31 March 2017[17] 105,000 265
17  Sweden 938,692,000,000 30 June 2017[18] 86,200 177
18  Austria 629,050,000,000 31 March 2017[19] 74,200 167
19  Norway 623,223,000,000 30 June 2017[20] 117,000 169
20  Brazil 538,693,000,000 30 June 2017[21] 3,200 30
21  Russia 529,615,000,000 30 June 2017 [22] 3,700 40
22  Denmark 494,261,000,000 31 March 2017[23] 85,900 163
23  India 471,852,000,000 31 March 2017[24] 340 20
24  Finland 466,783,000,000 31 March 2017[25] 81,700 196
25  Greece 460,644,000,000 31 March 2017[26] 42,800 245
26  Mexico 431,344,000,000 31 March 2017[27] 3,200 38
27  Portugal 429,142,000,000 31 March 2017[28] 41,900 216
28  Turkey 412,375,000,000 31 March 2017[29] 5,000 47
29  South Korea 405,687,000,000 31 March 2017[30] 7,500 27
30  Poland 343,669,000,000 31 March 2017[31] 8,700 70
31  Indonesia 328,178,000,000 30 April 2017[32] 1,200 34
32  United Arab Emirates 220,400,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[33] 23,500 59
33  Malaysia 202,572,000,000 30 June 2017[34] 6,800 75
34  Saudi Arabia 200,900,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[35] 6,100 31
35  Argentina 192,461,700,000 31 December 2016[36] 4,400 36
36  New Zealand 186,216,000,000 31 March 2017[37] 40,300 100
37  Chile 170,293,000,000 31 July 2017[38] 9,000 66
 Taiwan 170,138,000,000 30 June 2017 [39] 7,400 33
 Puerto Rico 167,400,000,000 31 January 2015 est. 47,800 164
38  Kazakhstan 165,501,000,000 31 March 2017[40] 9,100 117
39  Qatar 159,200,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[41] 68,100 102
40  Mauritius 189,220,000,000 30 June 2017 [42] 148,000 1,536
41  Hungary 147,261,000,000 31 December 2016[43] 15,000 121
42  South Africa 142,833,000,000 31 December 2016[44] 2,600 48
43  Czech Republic 137,606,000,000 31 December 2016[45] 13,000 70
44  Thailand 131,362,470,000 31 March 2017[46] 2,000 33
45  Colombia 121,097,200,000 31 January 2017[47] 2,500 43
46  Cyprus 115,253,900,000 31 December 2016[48] 97,200 597
47  Ukraine 113,483,000,000 31 December 2016[49] 2,600 122
48  Venezuela 110,878,000,000 30 September 2015[50] 3,500 23
49  Romania 108,880,000,000 31 July 2017[51] 5,100 55
50  Malta 93,771,100,000 31 December 2016[52] 223,000 879
51  Israel 89,438,400,000 31 December 2016[53] 10,700 28
52  Slovakia 79,504,800,000 31 December 2016[54] 14,600 91
53  Peru 74,651,200,000 31 December 2016[55] 2,300 38
54  Pakistan 74,126,100,000 31 December 2016[56] 380 26
55  Philippines 72,493,000,000 30 June 2017[57] 720 25
56  Iraq 68,010,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[58] 1,800 44
57  Egypt 67,322,600,000 31 December 2016[59] 700 41
58  Morocco 48,211,500,000 31 December 2016[60] 1,400 44
59  Vietnam 48,052,700,000 31 December 2014[61] 500 26
60  Kuwait 47,890,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[62] 11,700 43
61  Sri Lanka 46,585,700,000 31 December 2016[63] 2,200 59
62  Slovenia 45,917,500,000 28 February 2017[64] 22,200 109
63  Croatia 45,124,800,000 31 January 2017[65] 10,700 87
64  Sudan 45,000,000,000 31 December 2015[66] 1,100 47
65  Latvia 39,728,800,000 31 December 2016[67] 20,400 147
66  Belarus 38,975,000,000 30 June 2017[68] 4,000 22
67  Angola 37,700,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[69] 1,400 41
68  Ecuador 36,621,000,000 31 July 2017[70] 2,100 35
69  Lithuania 35,971,200,000 31 December 2016[71] 12,700 86
70  Bulgaria 34,231,500,000 28 February 2017[72] 4,900 70
71  Serbia 27,898,300,000 31 March 2017[73] 3,300 78
72  Lebanon 27,796,000,000 31 December 2016[74] 4,600 54
73  Jordan 27,159,700,000 31 December 2016[75] 3,400 30
74  Cuba 26,320,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[76] 2,300 34
75  Uruguay 26,149,200,000 31 December 2016[77] 7,600 50
76  Dominican Republic 26,050,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[78] 2,400 36
77  Bangladesh 25,963,000,000 30 June 2016[79] 160 12
78  Mongolia 25,215,000,000 30 June 2017[80] 7,800 186
79  Tunisia 25,124,700,000 31 December 2012[81] 2,200 56
80  Iceland 24,988,000,000 31 December 2016[82] 74,700 117
81  Costa Rica 24,910,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[83] 5,100 43
82  Ethiopia 22,490,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[84] 220 32
83  Papua New Guinea 22,040,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[85] 2,800 111
84  Trinidad & Tobago 21,532,100,000 31 December 2016 [86] 15,700 76
85  Ghana 21,170,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[87] 700 50
86  Bahrain 21,160,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[88] 14,900 66
87  Oman 20,850,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[89] 4,400 35
88  Estonia 20,525,100,000 31 December 2016[90] 15,700 91
89  Guatemala 19,090,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[91] 1,100 28
90  Palau 18,380,000,000 31 December 2014 est.[92] 846,000 6,209
91  Kenya 17,941,400,000 31 December 2016[93] 370 26
92  Bahamas 17,560,000,000 31 December 2013 est.[94] 44,200 194
93  Panama 17,108,200,000 31 March 2017[95] 4,200 31
94  Jamaica 16,760,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[96] 6,000 122
95  Monaco 16,500,000,000 30 June 2010 est. 434,000 240
96  Paraguay 16,122,400,000 31 December 2016[97] 2,400 58
97  Tanzania 15,890,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[98] 280 34
98  Uzbekistan 15,750,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[99] 500 24
99  Georgia 15,496,200,000 31 December 2016[100] 3,900 108
100  El Salvador 14,900,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[101] 2,400 56
101  Laos 11,980,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[102] 1,700 87
102  Nigeria 15,047,000,000 30 June 2017[103] 60 3
103  Nicaragua 11,100,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[104] 1,800 83
104  Zimbabwe 10,900,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[105] 670 77
105  Ivory Coast 10,028,100,000 31 December 2015[106] 420 28
106  Armenia 9,951,800,000 31 December 2016[107] 3,300 56
107  Cambodia 9,824,400,000 31 December 2016[108] 600 49
108  Mozambique 9,554,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[109] 320 79
109  Zambia 9,270,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[110] 540 45
110  Albania 8,475,900,000 31 December 2016[111] 2,900 73
111  Honduras 8,042,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[112] 1,000 38
112  Kyrgyzstan 7,866,800,000 31 December 2016[113] 1,300 120
113  Macedonia 7,645,500,000 31 December 2016[114] 3,700 74
114  Cameroon 7,375,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[115] 300 24
115  Yemen 7,191,500,000 31 January 2015[116] 260 21
116  Iran 7,116,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[117] 90 2
117  Azerbaijan 6,913,200,000 31 December 2016[118] 1,300 20
118  Moldova 6,594,700,000 31 December 2016[119] 1,600 98
119  Namibia 6,515,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[120] 2,500 64
120  Myanmar 6,401,200,000 31 December 2015[121] 120 17
121  Bolivia 6,340,800,000 31 December 2015[122] 600 19
122  Uganda 6,241,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[123] 150 24
123  Senegal 6,186,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[124] 390 42
124  Syria 5,918,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[125] 300 24
125  Democratic Republic of the Congo 5,331,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[126] 70 13
126  Gabon 5,158,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[127] 2,900 35
127  North Korea 5,000,000,000 2013 est.[128] 200 18
128  Bosnia and Herzegovina 4,891,900,000 31 December 2016[129] 1,300 31
129  Republic of the Congo 4,817,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[130] 1,000 55
130  Barbados 4,490,000,000 2010 est.[131] 15,700 100
131  Madagascar 4,007,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[132] 160 41
132  Mali 3,626,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[133] 200 26
133  Mauritania 3,585,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[134] 840 76
134  Libya 3,531,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[135] 550 9
135    Nepal 3,450,200,000 31 July 2015[136] 120 16
136  Algeria 3,139,000,000 30 June 2016[137] 80 2
137  Burkina Faso 3,092,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[138] 160 26
138  Somalia 3,054,000,000 31 December 2013 est.[139] 270 52
139  Niger 2,729,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[140] 130 36
140  Montenegro 2,665,400,000 31 December 2015[141] 4,300 66
141  Seychelles 2,552,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[142] 26,200 180
142  Rwanda 2,442,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[143] 200 29
 Bermuda 2,435,000,000 2015 est.[144] 39,700 47
143  Benin 2,340,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[145] 200 26
144  Tajikistan 2,274,100,000 31 December 2016[146] 260 35
145  Bhutan 2,261,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[147] 2,900 108
 Kosovo 2,204,600,000 31 December 2016[148] 1,200 34
146  Haiti 2,022,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[149] 180 24
147  Malawi 1,921,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[150] 100 35
148  Chad 1,875,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[151] 130 18
149  Botswana 1,685,400,000 31 March 2017[152] 720 10
 Palestine 1,662,000,000 31 March 2016 est.[153] 340 17
150  Cape Verde 1,660,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[154] 3,100 99
151  Sierra Leone 1,561,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[155] 230 36
152  Equatorial Guinea 1,364,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[156] 1,500 12
153  Djibouti 1,339,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[157] 1,500 71
154  Guinea 1,332,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[158] 100 20
155  Belize 1,327,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[159] 3,500 75
156  Afghanistan 1,280,000,000 FY-2010/11[160] 40 7
157  Suriname 1,235,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[161] 2,200 30
158  Togo 1,173,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[162] 150 26
159  Guyana 1,143,000,000 31 December 2015 [163] 1,500 36
160  Liberia 1,111,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[164] 230 51
161  Guinea-Bissau 1,095,000,000 31 December 2010 est.[165] 570 94
162  Lesotho 948,800,000 31 December 2016 est.[166] 430 53
 Faroe Islands 888,800,000 2010[167] 18,400 38
163  Fiji 833,400,000 31 December 2016 est.[168] 900 18
164  Eritrea 820,200,000 31 December 2016 est.[169] 150 15
165  Maldives 741,600,000 2014 est.[170] 2,000 23
166  Burundi 705,200,000 31 December 2016 est.[171] 60 26
 Aruba 693,200,000 31 December 2014 est.[172] 6,600 28
167  Central African Republic 686,900,000 31 December 2016 est.[173] 130 39
168  Grenada 679,000,000 2013 est.[174] 6,300 66
169  The Gambia 541,800,000 31 December 2016 est.[175] 260 61
170  Saint Lucia 513,200,000 31 December 2016 est.[176] 2,700 36
171  Turkmenistan 502,800,000 31 December 2016 est.[177] 90 1
172  Solomon Islands 491,500,000 31 December 2013 est.[178] 800 40
173  Swaziland 470,500,000 31 December 2016 est.[179] 360 14
174  Samoa 447,200,000 31 December 2013 est.[180] 2,300 51
175  Antigua and Barbuda 441,200,000 31 December 2012[181] 4,700 34
176  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 321,100,000 31 December 2016 est.[182] 2,900 42
177  Timor-Leste 311,500,000 31 December 2014 est.[183] 250 12
178  Dominica 288,600,000 31 December 2016 est.[184] 3,900 55
 Cook Islands 281,200,000 31 December 2011 [185] 13,400 23
179  Sao Tome and Principe 236,500,000 31 December 2016 est.[186] 1,200 67
180  Tonga 233,100,000 31 December 2016 est.[187] 2,200 54
181  Vanuatu 208,100,000 31 December 2016 est.[188] 750 27
182  Saint Kitts and Nevis 187,500,000 31 December 2016 est.[189] 3,300 20
183  Comoros 133,300,000 31 December 2016 est.[190] 160 21
 New Caledonia 112,000,000 31 December 2013 est.[191] 420 1
184  Marshall Islands 97,960,000 2013 est.[192] 1,800 52
185  Federated States of Micronesia 93,600,000 2013 est.[193] 900 29
 Cayman Islands 79,000,000 1998 est. 2,100 7
 Greenland 36,400,000 2010[194] 650 2
186  Nauru 33,300,000 2004 est.[195] 3,200 22
 British Virgin Islands 17,670,000 31 December 2016 [196] 570 2
187  Kiribati 13,600,000 2013 est.[197] 120 8
 Anguilla 8,800,000 1998[198] 590 5
 Wallis and Futuna 3,670,000 2004[199] 280 6
 Montserrat 1,040,000 31 December 2011 [200] 200 2
188  Brunei 0 2014[201] 0 0
188  Liechtenstein 0 2001[202] 0 0
 Macau 0 31 December 2013[203] 0 0
 Niue 0 27 October 2016[204] 0 0
190  Andorra N/A
190  San Marino N/A
190  South Sudan N/A
190  Tuvalu N/A

See also[edit]

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External links[edit]