List of countries by external debt

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For net international debt by country (external debt owing to other countries minus external debt of other countries held), see Net international investment position.
For public debts by country, see List of countries by public debt.

This is a list of countries by external debt to GDP, the total public and private debt owed to nonresidents repayable in internationally accepted currencies, goods, or services,[1] where the public debt is the money or credit owed by any level of government, from central to local, and the private debt the money or credit owed by private households or private corporations based in the country under consideration.

For informational purposes, several non-sovereign entities are also included in this list.

Note that while a country may have a relatively large external debt (either in absolute or per capita terms) it could actually be a "net international creditor" if its external debt is less than the total of the external debt of other countries held by it.

List of countries by external debt
Rank Country/Region External debt[2]
US dollars
Date Per capita[3][4][5][6]
US dollars
% of GDP[7][8][9]
1  United States 17,910,859,000,000 31 March 2016[10] 55,489 96
2  United Kingdom 9,219,000,000,000 31 December 2014 est.[11] 146,244 569
3  France 5,750,152,000,000 31 March 2014 86,317 222
4  Germany 5,546,869,000,000 31 March 2014 68,720 145
5  Luxembourg[note 1] 3,472,282,000,000 31 March 2014 3,696,467 3,443
6  Japan 2,861,488,000,000 31 March 2014 24,000 60
7  Italy 2,651,413,000,000 31 March 2014 est. 43,621 124
8  Spain 2,305,648,000,000 31 March 2014 52,045 167
9  Singapore 1,766,401,000,000 13 November 2015[12] 226,930 408
10  China 1,680,000,000,000 30 June 2015[13] 1,195 16.2
11   Switzerland 1,610,897,000,000 31 March 2014 193,939 229
12  Canada 1,491,000,000,000 4 May 2016 est. 37,165 92
13  Australia 1,395,638,000,000 31 March 2014 est. 52,596 95
14  Belgium 1,286,918,000,000 31 March 2014 113,603 266
15  Hong Kong 1,231,233,000,000 31 March 2014 est. 105,420 334
16  Austria 820,010,000,000 31 March 2014 90,128 200
17  Netherlands 680,000,000,000 2016[14] 40,476 316
18  Norway 614,552,640,000 30 June 2016 117,866 153
19  Russian Federation 599,819,000,000 31 March 2014 3,634 45
20  Denmark 593,221,000,000 31 March 2014 101,084 180
21  Portugal 548,800,000,000 30 June 2011 47,835 223
22  India 485,600,000,000 2 July 2016 [15] 46 6
23  Brazil 428,300,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,608 15
24  South Korea 425,353,000,000 31 March 2014 est. 7,567 37
25  Turkey 405,223,000,000 2015 5,216 55 [16]
26  Greece 360,000,000,000 30 June 2015 47,636 174[17]
27  Mexico 352,900,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,956 20
28  Indonesia 324,203,000,000 31 July 2016 est. [18] 1,250 36.77
29  Ireland 263,967,288,631[19] 30 September 2014 52,227 103
30  Malaysia 230,870,491,803 15 March 2015[20] 7,829.11 63.7
31  Poland 211,457,000,000 May 2015 5,286 39.9
32  Hungary 202,000,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 14,821 115
33  Taiwan 171,559,000,000 31 March 2015[21][22] 7,394.78 37.4
34  Puerto Rico 167,400,000,000 31 January 2015 est. 47,828 164
35  United Arab Emirates 163,800,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 24,273 41
36  Sweden 145,154,804,082[23] 30 September 2016 145,585 34
37  Ukraine 142,000,000,000 31 March 2014 est. 2,995 81
38  Finland 139,700,000,000 24 March 2015 25,627 94
39  South Africa 137,500,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,613 23
40  Qatar 137,000,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 41,988 55
41  Thailand 136,635,000,000 1 July 2015 2,027 34.4
42  Saudi Arabia 134,000,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 3,176 19
43  Argentina 115,700,000,000 31 December 2014 est. 2,282 17
44  Czech Republic 108,067,000,000 31 March 2014 est. 8,260 45
45  Cyprus 106,500,000,000 31 December 2011 est. 37,812 129
46  Venezuela 105,700,000,000[24] 31 December 2012 1,906 19
47  Kazakhstan 105,500,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 6,060 68
48  Chile 102,100,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 5,867 38
49  Colombia 100,000,000,000 2 February 2015 est.[25] 1,269 20
50  Israel 99,750,000,000 31 March 2014 est. 12,070 33
51  Iceland[26][27] 93,377,000,000 2 Jun 2015 282,960 724
52  New Zealand 90,230,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 52,300 126
53  Romania 89,261,000,000 30 September 2015 est. 4,485 36
54  Slovenia 71,700,000,000 31 December 2014 25,555 78.1[28]
55  Slovakia 68,440,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 10,926 68
56  Vietnam 68,380,000,000 31 December 2013 est. 379 32
57  Nigeria 68,100,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 71 5
58  Sri Lanka 64,000,000,000 2015 est. 881 94
59  Croatia 62,387,000,000 22 January 2015 est. 13,519 78[28]
60  Pakistan 67,000,000,000 21 May 2013 est. 366 30
61  Philippines 58,500,000,000 30 December 2013 est. 636 32
62  Peru 52,590,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,126 22
63  Iraq 50,268,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,641 64
64  Malta 48,790,000,000 30 June 2011 14,233 72
65  Egypt 53,400,000,000 11 June 2016[29] 568 16
66  Sudan 39,700,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 946 55
67  Bangladesh 36,210,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 149 23
68  Bulgaria 33,851,800,000 25 March 2016 est. 6,261 73
69  Lebanon 32,640,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 8,815 88
70  Serbia 32,600,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 4,178 80
71  Morocco 29,420,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 712 22
72  Kuwait 28,210,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 15,754 43
73  Bahrain 25,270,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 13,261 65
74  Tunisia 24,490,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,779 42
75  Trinidad & Tobago 23,000,000,000 10 October 2016 est. 17,041 76
76  Cuba 22,360,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,780 34
77  Ecuador 20,030,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 995 25
78  Angola 19,650,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 944 21
79  Lithuania 17,282,000,000 7 July 2015 5,871 42.8
80  Bahamas 16,680,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,067 6
81  Dominican Republic 16,580,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,162 25
82  Monaco[note 2] 16,500,000,000 31 June 2010 est. 471,428 240
83  Guatemala 16,170,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,216 42
84  Jamaica 14,600,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 4,660 92
85  Cambodia 14,105,000,000 13 December 2016 est. 5,656 52
86  El Salvador 12,840,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,953 53
87  Costa Rica 12,040,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,874 24
88  Syria 11,640,000,000 31 December 2014 est. 5,100 57
89  Uruguay 11,610,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 3,989 33
90  Ghana 11,230,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 274 21
91  Tanzania 11,180,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 183 33
92  Uzbekistan 10,460,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 150 11
93  Latvia 10,380,000,000 7 July 2015 5,186 38.3
94  Ethiopia 9,956,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 51 14
95  Oman 9,768,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 2,962 16
96  Iran 9,452,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 170 4
97  Bosnia and Herzegovina 9,051,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 2,052 48
98  Georgia 8,688,742,000 31 December 2012 1,940 54.8
99  Jordan 8,345,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 903 20
100  Democratic Republic of the Congo 7,644,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 197 122
101  Republic of the Congo 7,644,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,722 155
102  Zimbabwe 6,975,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 609 103
103  Macedonia 6,740,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 2,668 60
104  Yemen 6,726,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 293 23
105  Armenia 6,435,000,000 31 December 2012 1,584 56
106  Paraguay 5,714,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 382 13
107  Cambodia 5,700,000,000[30] 30 June 2016 367 31
108  Bolivia 5,604,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 275 15
109  Laos 5,599,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 900 91
110  Burma 5,448,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 117 17
111  Zambia 5,445,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 264 22
112  Albania 5,281,000,000 31 December 2012 882 23
113  Libya 5,278,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 972 9
114  Nicaragua 5,228,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 693 62
115  Moldova 5,167,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,296 79
116  Honduras 4,884,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 465 23
117  Mozambique 4,880,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 231 50
118  Papua New Guinea 4,860,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 238 16
119  Cote d'Ivoire 4,742,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 527 51
120  Barbados 4,490,000,000 2010 est. 2,456 22
121  Algeria 4,344,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 115 3
122  Namibia 4,204,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,131 20
123  Uganda 4,126,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 85 17
124  Senegal 4,117,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 296 30
125  Azerbaijan 4,042,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 8,513 6
126    Nepal 3,774,000,000 31 December 2011 161 35
127  Kyrgyzstan 3,666,000,000 31 December 2012 699 81
128  Kenya 3,624,000,000 31 March 2014 est. 200 25
129  Cameroon 3,343,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 164 15
130  North Korea 3,000,000,000 2012 est. 544 13
131  Mauritius 2,942,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 3,937 52
132  Somalia 2,942,000,000 31 December 2010 est. 386
133  Tajikistan 2,771,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 262 35
134  Gabon 2,758,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,587 18
135  Mali 2,725,000,000 31 December 2012 254 88
136  Guinea 2,652,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 305 68
137  Madagascar 2,631,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 140 36
138  Burkina Faso 2,442,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 136 23
139  Estonia 2,313,000,000 7 July 2015 1,758 10.59
140  Mongolia 2,070,000,000 31 December 2011 686 41
141  Botswana 1,968,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,208 16
142  Chad 1,749,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 160 21
143  Belize 1,457,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 3,079 75
144  Seychelles 1,453,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 15,614 147
145  Niger 1,451,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 178 79
146  Afghanistan 1,280,000,000 FY-2010/11 92 22
147  Bhutan 1,275,000,000 2011 1,193 64
148  Guyana 1,234,000,000 31 December 2010 1,049 42
149  Equatorial Guinea 1,232,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 634 6
150  Malawi 1,214,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 77 24
151  Montenegro 1,200,000,000 2011 est. 939 24
152  Guinea-Bissau 1,095,000,000 31 December 2010 est. 722 259
153  Belarus 1,067,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 2,629 45
154  Palestine 1,040,000,000 2010 est. 414
155  Eritrea 1,026,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 195 58
156  Maldives 1,015,000,000 2011 est. 2,947 50
157  Benin 953,500,000 31 December 2012 est. 308 43
 Faroe Islands 888,800,000 2010 est.
158  Haiti 854,700,000 31 December 2012 est. 36 5
159  Sierra Leone 827,600,000 31 December 2012 est. 340 61
160  Djibouti 802,900,000 31 December 2012 est. 573 56
161  Cape Verde 741,300,000 14 November 2016 est. 123 52
162  Swaziland 737,300,000 31 December 2012 est. 428 14
163  Lesotho 715,400,000 31 December 2012 est. 255 30
164  The Gambia 545,800,000 31 December 2012 est. 306 50
165  Grenada 538,000,000 2010 est. 3,402 74
166  Suriname 504,300,000 2005 est. 1,011 28
167  Comoros 485,400,000 31 December 2010 est. 430 115
168  Aruba 478,600,000 2005 est. 4,935 21
169  Saint Lucia 471,400,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,586 32
170  Central African Republic 469,500,000 31 December 2012 est. 270 68
171  Antigua and Barbuda 458,000,000 June 2010 4,388 36
172  Turkmenistan 428,900,000 31 December 2012 est. 978 25
173  Liberia 400,300,000 31 December 2012[31] 65 22
174  Sao Tome and Principe 316,600,000 31 December 2012 est. 2,193 349
175  Vanuatu 307,700,000 31 December 2012 est. 389 22
176  Fiji 268,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 150 5
177  Dominica 253,800,000 31 December 2012 est. 3,000 75
178  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 252,200,000 31 December 2012 est. 4,477 85
179  Samoa 235,500,000 31 December 2009 est. 968 47
180  Burundi 231,700,000 31 December 2012 167 202
181  Saint Kitts and Nevis 189,100,000 31 December 2012 est. 6,408 79
182  Solomon Islands 166,000,000 2004 355 44
183  Bermuda 160,000,000 FY-1999/2000 2,575 5
184  Cook Islands 141,000,000 1996 est. 7,756
185  Tonga 118,600,000 31 December 2012 est. 799 33
186  Marshall Islands 87,000,000 2008 est. 1,377 54
 New Caledonia 79,000,000 1998 est. 385 3
 Cayman Islands 79,000,000 1998 est. 2,078 7
187  Federated States of Micronesia 60,800,000 FY-2005 est. 556 25
188  Greenland 36,400,000 2010 1,035 5
189  Nauru 33,300,000 2004 est.
190  Kiribati 10,000,000 1999 est. 120 14
 Montserrat 8,900,000 1997
 Anguilla 8,800,000 1998
 Wallis and Futuna 3,670,000 2004
191  Niue 0 October 27, 2016[32] 0 0
192  Macau 0 2010 0 0
 British Virgin Islands 0 2012 0 0
193  Brunei 0 2011 0 0
194  Liechtenstein 0 2016 0 0
195  Palau 0 2000 0 0

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ As the Bank of International Settlements explains small countries with large financial sectors tend to have disproportionately large gross external debts as well as holding large cross-border debt assets.[1] Luxembourg is a net creditor country.
  2. ^ As the Bank of International Settlements explains small countries with large financial sectors tend to have disproportionately large gross external debts as well as holding large cross-border debt assets.[2] Meaning Monaco could potentially be a net creditor.

References[edit]

  1. ^ taDebt – external. Definition in The World Factbook.
  2. ^ Debt - external, The World Factbook, e Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on the 29th of June 2011.
  3. ^ World Development Indicators, World Bank. Accessed on June 29, 2011. Note: Used for Bermuda, Chad, Cyprus, Eritrea, Greenland, Federated States of Micronesia, Monaco, Netherlands, New Caledonia and Turkmenistan.
  4. ^ Total Midyear Population, U.S. Census Bureau, International Data Base, accessed on June 29, 2011. Note: Used for Aruba, Cayman Islands, Cook Islands, Cuba, North Korea, Marshall Islands, Montenegro, Samoa, Somalia, Trinidad and Tobago and West Bank.
  5. ^ The World Factbook - European Union, Central Intelligence Agency,accessed on June 29, 2011.
  6. ^ World Economic Outlook Database, April 2011, International Monetary Fund. Accessed on June 29, 2011. Note: Used for the rest of the countries.
  7. ^ World Economic Outlook Database, April 2011, International Monetary Fund. Accessed on June 29, 2011. Note: Used for Afghanistan, Albania, Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Burundi, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Dominica, Fiji, Georgia, Grenada, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Iceland, Kiribati, Liberia, Mali, Mongolia, Montenegro, Nepal, Niger, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Samoa, Sao Tome and Principe, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, Suriname, Tonga and Vanuatu.
  8. ^ .World Development Indicators, World Bank. Accessed on June 29, 2011. Note: Used for Bermuda, Cayman Islands, Chad, Cyprus, Eritrea, Greenland, Federated States of Micronesia, Monaco, Netherlands, New Caledonia and Turkmenistan.
  9. ^ GDP (official exchange rate), The World Factbook, United States Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on June 29, 2011. Note: Used for the rest of the countries.
  10. ^ "Treasury TIC Data, March 31, 2016". U.S. Department of the Treasury. US Department of the Treasury. March 31, 2016. Retrieved 2016-08-28. 
  11. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 10 January 2017. 
  12. ^ http://www.singstat.gov.sg/methodologies-standards/data-dissemination-standard/national-summary-page#external_sector
  13. ^ http://english.gov.cn/archive/statistics/2015/10/02/content_281475202939874.htm
  14. ^ http://www.rtlz.nl/algemeen/binnenland/staatsschuld-loopt-op-van-250-naar-466-miljard-9-jaar
  15. ^ http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/markets/stocks/news/with-485-billion-external-debt-can-india-weather-currency-storm/articleshow/53017673.cms
  16. ^ https://www.hazine.gov.tr/tr-TR/Istatistik-Sunum-Sayfasi?mid=120&cid=12
  17. ^ http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-33325886
  18. ^ http://www.bi.go.id/en/iru/economic-data/external-debt/Documents/SULNI-SEPTEMBER-2016.pdf
  19. ^ https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ei.html
  20. ^ http://www.economist.com/content/global_debt_clock?page=6
  21. ^ http://www.cbc.gov.tw/public/data/economic/statistics/bop/Debt2.pdf
  22. ^ Private sector of Taiwan included
  23. ^ "About the debt office & state finances - Riksgalden.se". www.riksgalden.se. Retrieved 2016-11-04. 
  24. ^ "La Deuda Externa Aumenta 8 Y Se Ubica En 105 Mil Millones - Economia" (in Spanish). El Universal. Retrieved 2013-10-18. 
  25. ^ "La deuda externa superó los US$ 100.000 millones". Portafolio.com.co. Retrieved 2015-12-14. 
  26. ^ Central Bank of Iceland (September 3, 2009). "External debt Q2/2009". Retrieved 2009-11-22. 
  27. ^ Statistics from the Central Bank of Iceland (July 1, 2015). "External debt of Iceland – Revision". Retrieved 2015-07-01. 
  28. ^ a b http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/documents/2995521/6483082/2-22012015-AP-EN.pdf/765eba70-6a88-4771-8af7-48f6665e3c67
  29. ^ http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2016/06/11/egypts-foreign-debt-grows-5-6bn-end-q3-fy-20152016-cbe/
  30. ^ McGrath, Cam; Sarath, Sorn. "National debt hits $5.7B, but deemed manageable". Phnom Penh Post. Retrieved 30 September 2016. 
  31. ^ "Second Quarter Public Debt Management Report October 1-December 31, 2011" (PDF). Liberian Ministry of Finance Debt Management Unit. Retrieved June 21, 2012. 
  32. ^ The Guardian. The Guardian October 27, 2016 https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/oct/27/land-that-debt-forgot-tiny-pacific-country-of-niue-has-no-interest-in-loans, October 27, 2016 Check |url= value (help). Retrieved 2016-10-27.  Missing or empty |title= (help)

External links[edit]