List of countries by external debt

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

This is a list of countries by external debt, it is the total public and private debt owed to nonresidents repayable in internationally accepted currencies, goods or services, where the public debt is the money or credit owed by any level of government, from central to local, and the private debt the money or credit owed by private households or private corporations based on the country under consideration.

For informational purposes, several non-sovereign entities are also included in this list.

Note that while a country may have a relatively large external debt (either in absolute or per capita terms) it could actually be a "net international creditor" if its external debt is less than the total of external debt of other countries held by it.

List[edit]

List of countries with respect to external debt
Rank Country/Region External debt
US dollars
Date Per capita
US dollars
% of GDP
1  United States 2.29×10^13 2019 est. [1] 60,526 102
2  United Kingdom 9.019×10^12 31 December 2017[2] 127,000 345
3  France 7.3239×10^12 December 2020[3] 87,200 230
4  Germany 5.7358032×10^12 31 March 2020[4] 69,000 165
5  Japan 4.7653479×10^12 31 March 2020[5] 38,000 235
6  Netherlands 4.560190614×10^12 1 May 2020[6] 26,540 453
7  Italy 2.51069×10^12 31 December 2017[7] 42,300 141
8  Spain 2.259127×10^12 31 December 2017[8] 48,700 170
9  China 2.0946×10^12 1 March 2020 1,326 29
10  Canada 1.9319×10^12 31 December 2017[9] 52,300 143
11   Switzerland 1.820695×10^12 31 December 2017[10] 213,100 285
12  Australia 1.8335321×10^12 31 September 2020[11] 71,906 130
13  India 5.7×10^11 March 2021[12] 423 22
14  Singapore 1.6692×10^12 30 June 2021[13] 231,000 471
15  Belgium 1.278465×10^12 30 June 2017[14] 112,000 269
16  Sweden 9.939396629×10^11 30 June 2017[15] 94,500 169
17  Austria 7.570553×10^11 31 December 2020[16] 84,061 165
18  Norway 6.044238×10^11 30 June 2017[17] 117,000 181
19  Brazil 5.56418×10^11 30 September 2017[18] 3,200 38
20  Russia 4.892×10^11 1 September 2021[19] 3,700 32
21  Denmark 4.91617×10^11 30 June 2017[20] 85,700 158
22  Finland 4.83369×10^11 30 June 2017[21] 87,500 223
23  Greece 4.76997×10^11 31 December 2017[22] 42,800 298
24  Turkey 4.534×10^11 30 September 2019 [23] 2,983 63
25  Portugal 4.47022×10^11 30 June 2017[24] 43,300 203
26  Mexico 4.37367×10^11 31 December 2017[25] 3,300 43
27  Indonesia 4.15082×10^11 30 June 2021[26] 1,530 37
28  South Korea 4.07341×10^11 30 June 2017[27] 7,500 33
29  Poland 3.63658×10^11 30 June 2017[28] 9,500 60
30  Malaysia 2.278445×10^11 31 March 2018[29] 6,800 68
31  Ireland  2.276×10^11 31 December 2017[30] 49,000 701
32  United Arab Emirates 2.204×10^11 31 December 2016 est.[31] 23,500 59
34  Saudi Arabia 2.009×10^11 31 December 2016 est.[32] 6,100 31
35  Argentina 2.72852×10^11 31 September 2020[33] 6,037 72
36  Mauritius 1.9971×10^11 30 June 2018[34] 148,000 2,007
37  Taiwan 1.99051×10^11 30 June 2018[35] 7,400 28
38  New Zealand 1.919437×10^11 31 March 2020[36] 38,400 90
39  Chile 1.86697×10^11 31 March 2019[37] 9,771 82
40  Puerto Rico (USA) 1.674×10^11 31 January 2015 est. 47,800 164
41  Kazakhstan 1.65501×10^11 31 March 2017[38] 9,100 91
42  Qatar 1.592×10^11 31 December 2016 est.[39] 68,100 83
43  Thailand 1.4942955×10^11 31 December 2017[40] 2,170 33
44  Hungary 1.48024×10^11 30 June 2017[41] 15,000 160
45  South Africa 1.42833×10^11 31 December 2016[42] 2,600 57
46  Czechia 1.37606×10^11 31 December 2016[43] 13,000 76
47  Colombia 1.210972×10^11 31 January 2017[44] 2,500 57
48  Cyprus 1.19672×10^11 30 June 2017[45] 97,200 849
49  Ukraine 1.25281×10^11 30 June 2021[46] 2,200 81
50  Israel 8.94384×10^10 30 June 2017[47] 10,700 33
51  Venezuela 1.10878×10^11 30 September 2015[48] 3,500 23
52  Romania 1.0888×10^11 31 July 2017[49] 5,100 58
53  Malta 9.62513×10^10 30 June 2017[50] 223,000 691
54  Pakistan 1.2221×10^11 30 September 2021[51] 554 43
55  Slovakia 8.663×10^10 30 June 2017[52] 15,900 112
56  Peru 7.46512×10^10 31 December 2016[53] 2,300 44
57  Philippines 7.2493×10^10 30 June 2017[54] 720 27
58  Iraq 6.801×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[55] 1,800 44
59  Egypt 1.291957×10^11 31 October 2020 [56] 700 34
60  Slovenia 5.19808×10^10 30 April 2020[57] 25,000 104
61  Vietnam 5.09377×10^10 31 December 2015[58] 500 26
62  Morocco 4.88303×10^10 30 June 2017[59] 1,400 46
63  Kuwait 4.789×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[60] 11,700 51
64  Sri Lanka 4.65857×10^10 31 December 2016[61] 2,200 68
65  Croatia 4.60847×10^10 30 June 2017[62] 10,700 89
66  Sudan 4.5×10^10 31 December 2015[63] 1,100 121
67  Latvia 4.1147×10^10 30 June 2017[64] 21,200 126
68  Bulgaria 4.0419×10^10 31 January 2018[65] 5,700 63
69  Belarus 3.8975×10^10 30 June 2017[66] 4,000 66
70  Angola 3.77×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[67] 1,400 41
71  Ecuador 3.67472×10^10 31 August 2017[68] 2,100 57
72  Lithuania 3.64277×10^10 30 June 2017[69] 12,700 74
73  Serbia 2.7954×10^10 30 June 2017[70] 3,200 62
74  Lebanon 2.7796×10^10 31 December 2016[71] 4,600 63
75  Jordan 2.77564×10^10 30 June 2017[72] 3,400 83
76  Cuba 2.632×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[73] 2,300 34
77  Uruguay 2.61492×10^10 31 December 2016[74] 7,600 50
78  Dominican Republic 2.605×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[75] 2,400 36
79  Bangladesh 2.5963×10^10 30 June 2016[76] 160 12
80  Mongolia 2.5215×10^10 30 June 2017[77] 7,800 245
81  Tunisia 2.51247×10^10 31 December 2012[78] 2,200 97
82  Costa Rica 2.491×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[79] 5,100 43
83  Iceland 2.43906×10^10 30 June 2017[80] 72,700 81
84  Ethiopia 2.249×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[81] 220 32
85  Kenya 2.21719×10^10 30 June 2017[82] 370 26
86  Papua New Guinea 2.204×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[83] 2,800 111
87  Trinidad & Tobago 2.15321×10^10 31 December 2016[84] 15,700 76
88  Ghana 2.117×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[85] 700 30
89  Bahrain 2.116×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[86] 14,900 66
90  Oman 2.085×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[87] 4,400 35
91  Estonia 2.05251×10^10 31 December 2016[88] 15,700 89
92  Guatemala 1.909×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[89] 1,100 28
93  Palau 1.838×10^10 31 December 2014 est.[90] 846,000 6,209
94  Panama 1.8341×10^10 28 February 2018[91] 4,400 157
95  Bahamas 1.756×10^10 31 December 2013 est.[92] 44,200 194
96  Jamaica 1.676×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[93] 6,000 122
97  Monaco 1.65×10^10 30 June 2010 est. 434,000 240
98  Georgia 1.64165×10^10 30 June 2017[94] 3,900 128
99  Paraguay 1.61224×10^10 31 December 2016[95] 2,400 54
100  Tanzania 1.589×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[96] 280 34
101  Uzbekistan 1.575×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[97] 500 24
102  Nigeria 1.5047×10^10 30 June 2017[98] 60 2
103  El Salvador 1.49×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[99] 2,400 56
104  Laos 1.198×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[100] 1,700 53
105  Nicaragua 1.11×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[101] 1,800 83
106  Zimbabwe 1.09×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[102] 670 77
107  Luxembourg 1.061778×10^10 31 March 2020 [103] 114,704 22.1
108  Armenia 6.0531×10^9 31 December 2020[104] 2,043 102
109  Ivory Coast 1.00281×10^10 31 December 2015[105] 420 24
110  Cambodia 9.8244×10^9 31 December 2016[106] 600 57
111  Mozambique 9.554×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[107] 320 72
112  Zambia 9.27×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[108] 540 45
113  Albania 1.0461×10^10 31 December 2020[109] 3,634 66
114  Honduras 8.042×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[110] 1,000 38
115  Kyrgyzstan 7.8668×10^9 31 December 2016[111] 1,300 112
116  North Macedonia 7.6455×10^9 31 December 2016[112] 3,700 73
117  Cameroon 7.375×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[113] 300 24
118  Yemen 7.1915×10^9 31 January 2015[114] 260 21
119  Iran 7.116×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[115] 90 2
120  Azerbaijan 6.9132×10^9 31 December 2016[114] 1,300 22
121  Moldova 6.5947×10^9 31 December 2016[116] 1,600 70
122  Namibia 6.515×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[117] 2,500 64
123  Myanmar 6.4012×10^9 31 December 2015[118] 120 17
124  Bolivia 6.3408×10^9 31 December 2015[95] 600 33
125  Uganda 6.241×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[119] 150 24
126  Senegal 6.186×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[120] 390 42
127  Syria 5.918×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[107] 300 24
128  Democratic Republic of the Congo 5.331×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[121] 70 13
129  Gabon 5.158×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[122] 2,900 35
130  North Korea 5×10^9 2013 est.[123] 200 18
131  Republic of the Congo 4.817×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[124] 1,000 55
132  Bosnia and Herzegovina 4.7166×10^9 30 June 2017[125] 1,300 23
133  Barbados 4.49×10^9 2010 est.[126] 15,700 100
134  Madagascar 4.007×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[127] 160 41
135  Mali 3.626×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[128] 200 26
136  Mauritania 3.585×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[129] 840 76
137  Libya 3.531×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[130] 550 9
138    Nepal 3.4502×10^9 31 July 2015[131] 120 16
139  Algeria 3.838×10^9 31 December 2019[132] 89 2
140  Burkina Faso 3.092×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[133] 160 26
141  Somalia 3.054×10^9 31 December 2013 est.[134] 270 52
142  Niger 2.729×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[135] 130 36
143  Montenegro 4.408×10^9 26 March 2021[136] 6,742 151
144  Seychelles 2.552×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[137] 26,200 180
145  Rwanda 2.442×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[138] 200 29
146  Bermuda (UK) 2.435×10^9 2015 est.[139] 39,700 47
147  Kosovo 2.3897×10^9 30 June 2017[140] 1,200 37
148  Benin 2.34×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[141] 200 26
149  Tajikistan 2.2741×10^9 31 December 2016[142] 260 38
150  Bhutan 2.261×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[143] 2,900 108
151  Haiti 2.022×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[144] 180 24
152  Malawi 1.921×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[145] 100 39
153  Chad 1.875×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[146] 130 18
154  Botswana 1.6854×10^9 31 March 2017[147] 720 8
155  Palestine 1.662×10^9 31 March 2016 est.[148] 340 35
156  Cape Verde 1.66×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[149] 3,100 99
157  Sierra Leone 1.561×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[150] 230 36
158  Equatorial Guinea 1.364×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[151] 1,500 12
159  Djibouti 1.339×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[152] 1,500 71
160  Guinea 1.332×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[138] 100 20
161  Belize 1.327×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[151] 3,500 75
162  Afghanistan 1.28×10^9 FY-2010/11[153] 40 7
163  Suriname 1.235×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[154] 2,200 30
164  Togo 1.173×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[155] 150 26
165  Guyana 1.143×10^9 31 December 2015[156] 1,500 36
166  Liberia 1.111×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[157] 230 51
167  Guinea-Bissau 1.095×10^9 31 December 2010 est.[158] 570 94
168  Lesotho 948,800,000 31 December 2016 est.[159] 430 53
169  Faroe Islands (Denmark) 888,800,000 2010[160] 18,400 38
170  Fiji 833,400,000 31 December 2016 est.[161] 900 18
171  Eritrea 820,200,000 31 December 2016 est.[162] 150 15
172  Maldives 741,600,000 2014 est.[163] 2,000 23
173  Burundi 705,200,000 31 December 2016 est.[164] 60 26
174  Aruba 693,200,000 31 December 2014 est.[165] 6,600 28
175  Central African Republic 686,900,000 31 December 2016 est.[166] 130 39
176  Grenada 679,000,000 2013 est.[167] 6,300 66
177  Gambia 541,800,000 31 December 2016 est.[168] 260 61
178  Saint Lucia 513,200,000 31 December 2016 est.[169] 2,700 36
179  Turkmenistan 502,800,000 31 December 2016 est.[170] 90 1
180  Solomon Islands 491,500,000 31 December 2013 est.[171] 800 40
181  Eswatini 470,500,000 31 December 2016 est.[172] 360 14
182  Samoa 447,200,000 31 December 2013 est.[173] 2,300 51
183  Antigua and Barbuda 441,200,000 31 December 2012[174] 4,700 34
184  San Marino 352,000,000 2016[175] 10,604 23
185  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 321,100,000 31 December 2016 est.[176] 2,900 42
186  Timor-Leste 311,500,000 31 December 2014 est.[177] 250 12
187  Dominica 288,600,000 31 December 2016 est.[178] 3,900 55
188  Cook Islands (New Zealand) 281,200,000 31 December 2011[179] 13,400 23
189  Sao Tome and Principe 236,500,000 31 December 2016 est.[180] 1,200 67
190  Tonga 233,100,000 31 December 2016 est.[181] 2,200 54
191  Vanuatu 208,100,000 31 December 2016 est.[182] 750 27
192  Saint Kitts and Nevis 187,500,000 31 December 2016 est.[183] 3,300 20
193  Comoros 133,300,000 31 December 2016 est.[184] 160 21
194  New Caledonia (France) 112,000,000 31 December 2013 est.[185] 420 1
195  Marshall Islands 97,960,000 2013 est.[186] 1,800 52
196  Micronesia 93,600,000 2013 est.[187] 900 29
197  Cayman Islands (UK) 79,000,000 1998 est. 2,100 7
198  Greenland (Denmark) 36,400,000 2010[188] 650 2
199  Nauru 33,300,000 2004 est.[189] 3,200 22
200  British Virgin Islands (UK) 17,670,000 31 December 2016[190] 570 2
201  Kiribati 13,600,000 2013 est.[191] 120 8
202  Anguilla (UK) 8,800,000 1998[192] 590 5
203  Wallis and Futuna (France) 3,670,000 2004[193] 280 6
204  Montserrat (UK) 1,040,000 31 December 2011[194] 200 2
205  Brunei 0 2014[195] 0 0
206  Liechtenstein 0 2001[196] 0 0
207  Niue (New Zealand) 0 27 October 2016[197] 0 0
208  Andorra N/A
209  South Sudan N/A
210  Tuvalu N/A
211   Vatican N/A

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2021-03-21. Retrieved 2021-09-23.
  2. ^ "Office for National Statistics". ONS. Archived from the original on 2019-05-25. Retrieved 2018-04-04.
  3. ^ "France External Debt, 2004 – 2021 | CEIC Data". www.ceicdata.com. Archived from the original on 2020-11-01. Retrieved 2020-12-02.
  4. ^ "Deutsche Bundesbank". Archived from the original on 2020-05-09. Retrieved 2019-04-26.
  5. ^ "Ministry of Finance Japan". Archived from the original on 2018-03-29. Retrieved 2018-04-04.
  6. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2021-08-23. Retrieved 2021-08-23.
  7. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2019-05-03. Retrieved 2018-04-04.
  8. ^ "The World Factbook" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-11-07. Retrieved 2018-04-04.
  9. ^ "Statistics Canada". Archived from the original on 2017-09-06. Retrieved 2018-04-04.
  10. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2018-08-21. Retrieved 2018-04-04.
  11. ^ "Australian Bureau of Statistics". Archived from the original on 2021-01-17. Retrieved 2017-07-09.
  12. ^ "India's External Debt as at the end of December 2019" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2020-06-11. Retrieved 2020-06-11.
  13. ^ "Statistics Singapore". Archived from the original on 2016-05-01. Retrieved 2017-09-30.
  14. ^ "National Bank of Belgium". NBB. Archived from the original on 2017-05-18. Retrieved 2017-09-30.
  15. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2017-08-07. Retrieved 2017-09-30.
  16. ^ "Oesterreichische NationalBank". Archived from the original on 2017-09-17. Retrieved 2017-09-30.
  17. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2017-09-17. Retrieved 2017-09-17.
  18. ^ "Banco Central do Brasil". BCB. Archived from the original on 2017-03-22. Retrieved 2017-11-04.
  19. ^ "Estimate of External Debt of the Russian Federation as of September 30, 2021 | Bank of Russia". www.cbr.ru. Archived from the original on September 2, 2021. Retrieved October 15, 2021.
  20. ^ "Danmarks Nationalbank". Archived from the original on 2017-10-02. Retrieved 2017-09-30.
  21. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2017-10-02. Retrieved 2017-09-30.
  22. ^ "Bank of Greece". Archived from the original on 2017-01-31. Retrieved 2018-04-04.
  23. ^ "T.C. Başbakanlık Hazine Müsteşarlığı". Archived from the original on 2019-12-31. Retrieved 2019-09-30.
  24. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2017-10-02. Retrieved 2017-09-30.
  25. ^ "Sistema de Informacion Economica". Archived from the original on 2017-10-02. Retrieved 2018-04-04.
  26. ^ "Bank Indonesia". Archived from the original on 2021-08-16. Retrieved 2021-08-21.
  27. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2017-10-02. Retrieved 2017-09-30.
  28. ^ "Narodowy Bank Polski". Archived from the original on 2017-09-16. Retrieved 2017-09-30.
  29. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2019-05-03. Retrieved 2018-08-20.
  30. ^ "Statista". Archived from the original on 2019-01-14. Retrieved 2019-01-13.
  31. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  32. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  33. ^ "Observatorio Fiscal Federal". Archived from the original on 2021-03-04. Retrieved 2017-05-06.
  34. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2017-09-17. Retrieved 2017-09-17.
  35. ^ "Central Bank of the Republic of China (TAIWAN)" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2018-08-21. Retrieved 2018-08-20.
  36. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2020-07-14. Retrieved 2020-07-04.
  37. ^ "Deuda Externa - Banco Central de Chile". Archived from the original on 2019-07-23. Retrieved 2019-07-23.
  38. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2017-08-06. Retrieved 2017-08-06.
  39. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  40. ^ "Statistics - External Debt". Bank of Thailand. Archived from the original on 2018-09-27. Retrieved 2018-09-27.
  41. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2017-09-17. Retrieved 2017-09-30.
  42. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2017-04-25. Retrieved 2017-05-06.
  43. ^ "Czech National Bank". Archived from the original on 2017-09-17. Retrieved 2017-04-30.
  44. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2017-06-12. Retrieved 2017-05-06.
  45. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2017-09-17. Retrieved 2017-09-30.
  46. ^ "Foreign Debt of Ukraine". Archived from the original on 2021-06-28. Retrieved 2021-10-15.
  47. ^ "Bank Of Israel". Archived from the original on 2017-07-21. Retrieved 2017-06-30.
  48. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2017-06-12. Retrieved 2017-05-06.
  49. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2017-07-06. Retrieved 2017-07-09.
  50. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2017-09-18. Retrieved 2017-09-30.
  51. ^ "The Express Tribune > Business Pakistan's external debt soars to record $91.8b". Archived from the original on 2018-06-25. Retrieved 2018-05-30.
  52. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2017-09-17. Retrieved 2017-09-30.
  53. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2017-06-12. Retrieved 2017-05-06.
  54. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2017-07-06. Retrieved 2017-07-17.
  55. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  56. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2017-06-12. Retrieved 2017-05-06.
  57. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2017-09-17. Retrieved 2017-09-30.
  58. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2017-09-17. Retrieved 2017-09-30.
  59. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2017-09-17. Retrieved 2017-09-30.
  60. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  61. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2017-06-12. Retrieved 2017-05-06.
  62. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2017-09-18. Retrieved 2017-09-30.
  63. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2017-06-12. Retrieved 2017-05-06.
  64. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2017-09-17. Retrieved 2017-09-30.
  65. ^ "Bulgarian National Bank". Archived from the original on 2018-04-09. Retrieved 2018-04-04.
  66. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2017-06-12. Retrieved 2017-05-06.
  67. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  68. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2017-09-17. Retrieved 2017-11-04.
  69. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2017-09-17. Retrieved 2017-09-30.
  70. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2017-08-06. Retrieved 2017-09-30.
  71. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2020-12-03. Retrieved 2017-05-06.
  72. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2017-09-18. Retrieved 2017-09-30.
  73. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  74. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2017-06-12. Retrieved 2017-05-06.
  75. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  76. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2017-07-06. Retrieved 2017-05-06.
  77. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2017-09-18. Retrieved 2017-09-17.
  78. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2017-06-12. Retrieved 2017-05-06.
  79. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  80. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2017-09-18. Retrieved 2017-09-30.
  81. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  82. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2017-09-17. Retrieved 2017-09-30.
  83. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  84. ^ "Central Bank of Trinidad & Tobago". Archived from the original on 2017-05-11. Retrieved 2017-05-13.
  85. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  86. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  87. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-04-30.
  88. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2017-07-06. Retrieved 2017-05-06.
  89. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  90. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-06.
  91. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2018-08-21. Retrieved 2018-04-04.
  92. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  93. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  94. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2017-06-12. Retrieved 2017-05-06.
  95. ^ a b "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2017-06-12. Retrieved 2017-05-06.
  96. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  97. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-04-09.
  98. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2017-06-12. Retrieved 2017-05-06.
  99. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  100. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  101. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  102. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-04-08.
  103. ^ "Trésorerie de l'État". Archived from the original on 2020-06-07. Retrieved 2020-06-08.
  104. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2017-06-12. Retrieved 2017-05-06.
  105. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2021-10-23. Retrieved 2017-05-06.
  106. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2017-06-12. Retrieved 2017-05-06.
  107. ^ a b "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  108. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  109. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2020-05-09. Retrieved 2020-01-31.
  110. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  111. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2017-06-12. Retrieved 2017-05-06.
  112. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2017-06-12. Retrieved 2017-05-06.
  113. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  114. ^ a b "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2017-06-12. Retrieved 2017-05-06.
  115. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-04-09.
  116. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2017-06-12. Retrieved 2017-05-06.
  117. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  118. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2017-06-12. Retrieved 2017-05-06.
  119. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  120. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  121. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-04-08.
  122. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  123. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  124. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-04-08.
  125. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2017-10-06. Retrieved 2017-09-30.
  126. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  127. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  128. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  129. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  130. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  131. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2017-06-12. Retrieved 2017-05-06.
  132. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2017-06-12. Retrieved 2017-05-06.
  133. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  134. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-04-07.
  135. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  136. ^ "Saopštenje sa 16. sjednice Vlade Crne Gore". Government of Montenegro. 2021-03-26. Archived from the original on 2021-03-26. Retrieved 2021-03-27.
  137. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  138. ^ a b "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  139. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  140. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2017-10-06. Retrieved 2017-09-30.
  141. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  142. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2017-06-12. Retrieved 2017-05-06.
  143. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-06.
  144. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  145. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-04-07.
  146. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-04-07.
  147. ^ "Euromoney Institutional Investor Company". Archived from the original on 2017-06-12. Retrieved 2017-05-06.
  148. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-04-07.
  149. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  150. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  151. ^ a b "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  152. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  153. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  154. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  155. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  156. ^ "Caribbean Development Bank" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-04-17. Retrieved 2017-08-11.
  157. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  158. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  159. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  160. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  161. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-04-07.
  162. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  163. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  164. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-04-07.
  165. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  166. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  167. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  168. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  169. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  170. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  171. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  172. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  173. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  174. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  175. ^ "San Marino National Debt 2016". countryeconomy.com. Archived from the original on 2019-01-15. Retrieved 2019-01-15.
  176. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  177. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  178. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  179. ^ "Asian Development Bank" (PDF). ADB. Asian Development Bank. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2018-06-28. Retrieved 2017-08-11.
  180. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  181. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  182. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  183. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  184. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  185. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  186. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  187. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  188. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  189. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  190. ^ "Government of the Virgin Islands". Archived from the original on 2017-05-19. Retrieved 2017-05-13.
  191. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  192. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  193. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  194. ^ "Caribbean Development Bank" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-08-12. Retrieved 2017-08-11.
  195. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  196. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2019-03-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  197. ^ "The Guardian". Archived from the original on 2017-08-05. Retrieved 2016-10-27.

External links[edit]