List of countries by external debt

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For Net international debt by country (external debt owing to other countries minus external debt of other countries held), see Net international investment position.

This is a list of countries by external debt, the total public and private debt owed to nonresidents repayable in internationally accepted currencies, goods, or services,[1] where the public debt is the money or credit owed by any level of government, from central to local, and the private debt the money or credit owed by private households or private corporations based in the country under consideration. This is not to be confused with public debts which can be found under "List of countries by public debt".

For informational purposes, several non-sovereign entities are also included in this list.

Note that while a country may have a relatively large external debt (either in absolute or per capita terms), it could be a "net international creditor" if its external debt is less than the total of the external debt of other countries held by it. For example, Norway, Luxembourg, Switzerland, Italy and others are net international creditors.

Rank Country External debt[2]
US dollars
Date Per capita[3][4][5][6]
US dollars
% of GDP[7][8][9]
1  United States 18,540,448,667,000 20 June 2015 58,437 106
2  United Kingdom 9,590,995,000,000 31 March 2014 160,158 406
3  France 5,750,152,000,000 31 March 2014 86,317 222
4  Germany 5,546,869,000,000 31 March 2014 68,720 145
5  Luxembourg[note 1] 3,472,282,000,000 31 March 2014 3,696,467 3,443
6  China 3,000,000,000,000 31 December 2013[10] 2,220.57 37.5
7  Japan 2,861,488,000,000 31 March 2014 24,000 60
8  Italy 2,651,413,000,000 31 March 2014 est. 43,621 124
9  Ireland 2,639,672,886,310[11] 30 September 2014 52,227 103
10  Netherlands 2,526,895,000,000 31 March 2014 226,503 316
11  Spain 2,305,648,000,000 31 March 2014 52,045 167
12   Switzerland 1,610,897,000,000 31 March 2014 154,063 229
13  Australia 1,395,638,000,000 31 March 2014 est. 52,596 95
14  Canada 1,337,445,000,000 31 March 2014 est. 29,625 92
15  Belgium 1,286,918,000,000 31 March 2014 113,603 266
16  Hong Kong 1,231,233,000,000 31 March 2014 est. 105,420 334
17  Sweden 1,145,785,000,000 31 March 2014 91,487 187
18  Austria 820,010,000,000 31 March 2014 90,128 200
19  Norway 737,118,000,000 31 March 2014 131,220 141
20  Russian Federation 599,819,000,000 31 March 2014 3,634 23
21  Denmark 593,221,000,000 31 March 2014 101,084 180
22  Portugal 548,800,000,000 30 June 2011 47,835 223
23  India 455,900,000,000 31 September 2014 est. 364 22.795
24  Brazil 428,300,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,608 15
25  South Korea 425,353,000,000 31 March 2014 est. 7,567

37

26  Turkey 392,812,000,000 31 March 2015 5,240 49.4
27  Greece 360,000,000,000 30 June 2015 47,636 174[12]
28  Mexico 352,900,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,956 20 [13]
29  Sweden 326,000,000,000 20 January 2014 6,586 47
30  Singapore 1,813,650,200 2015 1Q [14]
31  Indonesia 298,100,000,000 31 March 2015 est. 3,534 32.91
32  Malaysia 230,870,491,803 15 March 2015[15] 7,829.11 63.7
33  Poland 211,457,000,000 May 2015 5,286 39.9
34  Hungary 202,000,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 14,821 115
35  Taiwan 171,559,000,000 31 March 2015[16] [17] 7,394.78 37.4
 Puerto Rico 167,400,000,000 31 January 2015 est. 47,828 164
36  United Arab Emirates 163,800,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 24,273 41
37  Ukraine 142,000,000,000 31 March 2014 est. 2,995 81
38  Thailand 140,065,000,000 31 March 2014 est. 1,292 26
39  Finland 139,700,000,000 24 March 2015 25,627 94
40  South Africa 137,500,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,613 23
41  Qatar 137,000,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 41,988 55
42  Saudi Arabia 134,000,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 3,176 19
43  Romania 132,100,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 5,082 67
44  Argentina 115,700,000,000 31 December 2014 est. 5,867 38
45  Czech Republic 108,067,000,000 31 March 2014 est. 8,260 45
46  Cyprus 106,500,000,000 31 December 2011 est. 37,812 129
47  Venezuela 105,700,000,000 [18] 31 December 2012 1,906 19
48  Kazakhstan 105,500,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 6,060 68
49  Chile 102,100,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 5,867 38
50  Israel 99,750,000,000 31 March 2014 est. 12,070 67
51  Iceland[19][20] 93,377,000,000 2 Jun 2015 282,960 724
52  New Zealand 90,230,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 52,300 126
53  Colombia 85,140,000,000 31 July 2013 est. 1,269 20
54  Slovenia 71,700,000,000 31 December 2014 25,555 78.1[21]
55  Slovakia 68,440,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 10,926 68
56  Vietnam 68,380,000,000 31 December 2013 est. 379 32
57  Nigeria 68,100,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 71 5
58  Croatia 67,100,000,000 22 January 2015 est. 13,519 78[22]
59  Pakistan 67,000,000,000 21 May 2013 est. 366 30
60  Philippines 58,500,000,000 30 December 2013 est. 636 32
61  Peru 52,590,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,126 22
62  Iraq 50,268,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,641 64
63  Malta 48,790,000,000 30 June 2011 14,233 72
64  Egypt 48,760,000,000 31 December 2013 est. 391 14
65  Sudan 39,700,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 946 55
66  Bulgaria 37,915,000,000 31 December 2014 est. 6,261 23.6
67  Bangladesh 36,210,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 149 23
68  Lebanon 32,640,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 8,815 88
69  Serbia 32,600,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 4,178 80
70  Morocco 29,420,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 712 22
71  Kuwait 28,210,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 15,754 43
72  Bahrain 25,270,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 13,261 65
73  Tunisia 24,490,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,779 42
74  Sri Lanka 22,820,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 881 36
75  Cuba 22,360,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,780 34
76  Ecuador 20,030,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 995 25
77  Angola 19,650,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 944 21
78  Lithuania 17,282,000,000 7 July 2015 5,871 42.8
79  The Bahamas 16,680,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,067 6
80  Dominican Republic 16,580,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,162 25
81  Monaco[note 2] 16,500,000,000 31 June 2010 est. 471,428 240
82  Guatemala 16,170,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,216 42
83  Jamaica 14,600,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 4,660 92
84  Panama 13,130,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 3,927 52
85  El Salvador 12,840,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,953 53
86  Costa Rica 12,040,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,874 24
87  Syria 11,640,000,000 31 December 2014 est. 5,100 57
88  Uruguay 11,610,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 3,989 33
89  Ghana 11,230,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 274 21
90  Tanzania 11,180,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 183 33
91  Uzbekistan 10,460,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 150 11
92  Latvia 10,380,000,000 7 July 2015 5,186 38.3
93  Ethiopia 9,956,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 51 14
94  Oman 9,768,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 2,962 16
95  Iran 9,452,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 170 4
96  Bosnia and Herzegovina 9,051,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 2,052 48
97  Georgia 8,688,742,000 31 December 2012 1,940 54.8
98  Jordan 8,345,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 903 20
99  Democratic Republic of the Congo 7,644,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 197 122
100  Republic of the Congo 7,644,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,722 155
101  Zimbabwe 6,975,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 609 103
102  Republic of Macedonia 6,740,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 2,668 60
103  Yemen 6,726,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 293 23
104  Armenia 6,435,000,000 31 December 2012 1,584 56
105  Paraguay 5,714,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 382 13
106  Bolivia 5,604,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 275 15
107  Laos 5,599,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 900 91
108  Burma 5,448,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 117 17
109  Zambia 5,445,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 264 22
110  Albania 5,281,000,000 31 December 2012 882 23
111  Libya 5,278,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 972 9
112  Nicaragua 5,228,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 693 62
113  Moldova 5,167,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,296 79
114  Cambodia 5,071,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 304 37
115  Honduras 4,884,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 465 23
116  Mozambique 4,880,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 231 50
117  Papua New Guinea 4,860,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 238 16
118  Trinidad and Tobago 4,780,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 3,502 21
119  Cote d'Ivoire 4,742,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 527 51
120  Barbados 4,490,000,000 2010 est. 2,456 22
121  Algeria 4,344,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 115 3
122  Namibia 4,204,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,131 20
123  Uganda 4,126,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 85 17
124  Senegal 4,117,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 296 30
125  Azerbaijan 4,042,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 8,513 6
126    Nepal 3,774,000,000 31 December 2011 161 35
127  Kyrgyzstan 3,666,000,000 31 December 2012 699 81
128  Kenya 3,624,000,000 31 March 2014 est. 200 25
129  Cameroon 3,343,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 164 15
130  North Korea 3,000,000,000 2012 est. 544
131  Mauritius 2,942,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 3,937 52
132  Somalia 2,942,000,000 31 December 2010 est. 386
133  Tajikistan 2,771,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 262 35
134  Gabon 2,758,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,587 18
135  Mali 2,725,000,000 31 December 2012 254 88
136  Guinea 2,652,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 305 68
137  Madagascar 2,631,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 140 36
138  Burkina Faso 2,442,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 136 23
139  Estonia 2,313,000,000 7 July 2015 1,758 10.59
140  Mongolia 2,070,000,000 31 December 2011 686 41
141  Botswana 1,968,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,208 16
142  Chad 1,749,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 160 21
143  Belize 1,457,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 3,079 75
144  Seychelles 1,453,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 15,614 147
145  Niger 1,451,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 178 79
146  Afghanistan 1,280,000,000 FY10/11 92 22
147  Bhutan 1,275,000,000 2011 1,193 64
148  Guyana 1,234,000,000 31 December 2010 1,049 42
149  Equatorial Guinea 1,232,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 634 6
150  Malawi 1,214,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 77 24
151  Montenegro 1,200,000,000 2011 est. 939 24
152  Guinea-Bissau 1,095,000,000 31 December 2010 est. 722 259
153  Belarus 1,067,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 2,629 45
154  Palestine 1,040,000,000 2010 est. 414
155  Eritrea 1,026,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 195 58
156  Maldives 1,015,000,000 2011 est. 2,947 50
157  Benin 953,500,000 31 December 2012 est. 308 43
 Faroe Islands 888,800,000 2010 est.
158  Haiti 854,700,000 31 December 2012 est. 36 5
159  Sierra Leone 827,600,000 31 December 2012 est. 340 61
160  Djibouti 802,900,000 31 December 2012 est. 573 56
161  Cape Verde 741,300,000 31 December 2012 est. 714 52
162  Swaziland 737,300,000 31 December 2012 est. 428 14
163  Lesotho 715,400,000 31 December 2012 est. 255 30
164  The Gambia 545,800,000 31 December 2012 est. 306 50
165  Grenada 538,000,000 2010 est. 3,402 74
166  Suriname 504,300,000 2005 est. 1,011 28
167  Comoros 485,400,000 31 December 2010 est. 430 115
 Aruba 478,600,000 2005 est. 4,935 21
168  Saint Lucia 471,400,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,586 32
169  Central African Republic 469,500,000 31 December 2012 est. 270 68
170  Antigua and Barbuda 458,000,000 June 2010 4,388 36
171  Turkmenistan 428,900,000 31 December 2012 est. 978 25
172  Liberia 400,300,000 31 December 2012[23] 65 22
173  Sao Tome and Principe 316,600,000 31 December 2012 est. 2,193 349
174  Vanuatu 307,700,000 31 December 2012 est. 389 22
175  Fiji 268,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 150 5
176  Dominica 253,800,000 31 December 2012 est. 3,000 75
177  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 252,200,000 31 December 2012 est. 4,477 85
178  Samoa 235,500,000 31 December 2009 est. 968 47
179  Burundi 231,700,000 31 December 2012 167 202
180  Saint Kitts and Nevis 189,100,000 31 December 2012 est. 6,408 79
181  Solomon Islands 166,000,000 2004 355 44
 Bermuda 160,000,000 FY99/00 2,575 5
182  Cook Islands 141,000,000 1996 est. 7,756
183  Tonga 118,600,000 31 December 2012 est. 799 33
184  Marshall Islands 87,000,000 2008 est. 1,377 54
 New Caledonia 79,000,000 1998 est. 385 3
 Cayman Islands 79,000,000 1998 est. 2,078 7
185  Federated States of Micronesia 60,800,000 FY05 est. 556 25
 Greenland 36,400,000 2010 1,035 5
186  Nauru 33,300,000 2004 est.
187  Kiribati 10,000,000 1999 est. 120 14
 Montserrat 8,900,000 1997
 Anguilla 8,800,000 1998
 Wallis and Futuna 3,670,000 2004
188  Niue 418,000 2002 est.
 Macau 0 2010 0 0
 British Virgin Islands 0 2012
189  Brunei 0 2011 0 0
190  Liechtenstein 0 2005 0 0
192  Palau 0 2000 0 0

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ As the Bank of International Settlements explains small countries with large financial sectors tend to have disproportionately large gross external debts as well as holding large cross-border debt assets.[1] Luxembourg is a net creditor country.
  2. ^ As the Bank of International Settlements explains small countries with large financial sectors tend to have disproportionately large gross external debts as well as holding large cross-border debt assets.[2] Meaning Monaco could potentially be a net creditor.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Debt – external. Definition in The World Factbook.
  2. ^ Debt - external, The World Factbook, United States Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on the 29th of June 2011.
  3. ^ World Development Indicators, World Bank. Accessed on June 29, 2011. Note: Used for Bermuda, Chad, Cyprus, Eritrea, Greenland, Federated States of Micronesia, Monaco, Netherlands, New Caledonia and Turkmenistan.
  4. ^ Total Midyear Population, U.S. Census Bureau, International Data Base, accessed on June 29, 2011. Note: Used for Aruba, Cayman Islands, Cook Islands, Cuba, North Korea, Marshall Islands, Montenegro, Samoa, Somalia, Trinidad and Tobago and West Bank.
  5. ^ The World Factbook - European Union, Central Intelligence Agency,accessed on June 29, 2011.
  6. ^ World Economic Outlook Database, April 2011, International Monetary Fund. Accessed on June 29, 2011. Note: Used for the rest of the countries.
  7. ^ World Economic Outlook Database, April 2011, International Monetary Fund. Accessed on June 29, 2011. Note: Used for Afghanistan, Albania, Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Burundi, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Dominica, Fiji, Georgia, Grenada, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Iceland, Kiribati, Liberia, Mali, Mongolia, Montenegro, Nepal, Niger, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Samoa, Sao Tome and Principe, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, Suriname, Tonga and Vanuatu.
  8. ^ .World Development Indicators, World Bank. Accessed on June 29, 2011. Note: Used for Bermuda, Cayman Islands, Chad, Cyprus, Eritrea, Greenland, Federated States of Micronesia, Monaco, Netherlands, New Caledonia and Turkmenistan.
  9. ^ GDP (official exchange rate), The World Factbook, United States Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on June 29, 2011. Note: Used for the rest of the countries.
  10. ^ Riley, Charles (2013-12-30). "China debt surges as local governments spend - Dec. 30 2013". Money.cnn.com. Retrieved 2014-02-03. China's National Audit Office said that local government obligations hit 17.9 trillion yuan ($3 trillion) by the end of June -- a dramatic increase from the 10.7 trillion yuan figure reported in 2010. 
  11. ^ https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ei.html
  12. ^ http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-33325886
  13. ^ https://www.hazine.gov.tr/tr-TR/Istatistik-Sunum-Sayfasi?mid=120&cid=12
  14. ^ http://www.singstat.gov.sg/statistics/browse-by-theme/international-accounts
  15. ^ http://www.economist.com/content/global_debt_clock?page=6
  16. ^ http://www.cbc.gov.tw/public/data/economic/statistics/bop/Debt2.pdf
  17. ^ Private sector of Taiwan included
  18. ^ "La Deuda Externa Aumenta 8 Y Se Ubica En 105 Mil Millones - Economia" (in Spanish). El Universal. Retrieved 2013-10-18. 
  19. ^ Central Bank of Iceland (September 3, 2009). "External debt Q2/2009". Retrieved 2009-11-22. 
  20. ^ Statistics from the Central Bank of Iceland (July 1, 2015). "External debt of Iceland – Revision". Retrieved 2015-07-01. 
  21. ^ http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/documents/2995521/6483082/2-22012015-AP-EN.pdf/765eba70-6a88-4771-8af7-48f6665e3c67
  22. ^ http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/documents/2995521/6483082/2-22012015-AP-EN.pdf/765eba70-6a88-4771-8af7-48f6665e3c67
  23. ^ "Second Quarter Public Debt Management Report October 1-December 31, 2011" (PDF). Liberian Ministry of Finance Debt Management Unit. Retrieved June 21, 2012. 

External links[edit]