List of countries by external debt

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This is a list of countries by external debt, which is the total public and private debt owed to nonresidents repayable in internationally accepted currencies, goods or services, where the public debt is the money or credit owed by any level of government, from central to local, and the private debt the money or credit owed by private households or private corporations based in the country under consideration.

For informational purposes, several non-sovereign entities are also included in this list.

Note that while a country may have a relatively large external debt (either in absolute or per capita terms) it could actually be a "net international creditor" if its external debt is less than the total of the external debt of other countries held by it. For example, although the UK has more external debt than France, it has more external assets giving it a stronger NIIP.

List of countries by external debt
Rank Country/Region External debt
US dollars
Date Per capita
US dollars
% of GDP
1  United States 1.62846×10^13 December 2017 58,200 115
2  United Kingdom 8.475956×10^12 31 December 2017[1] 127,000 313
3  France 5.689745×10^12 31 December 2017[2] 87,200 213
4  Germany 5.398267×10^12 31 December 2017[3] 65,600 141
5  Netherlands 4.5104×10^12 31 December 2017[4] 26,400 522
6  Luxembourg 3.781×10^12 31 December 2017[5] 6,968,000 6,307
7  Japan 3.586817×10^12 31 December 2017[6] 28,200 74
8  Italy 2.51069×10^12 31 December 2017[7] 42,300 124
9  Spain 2.259127×10^12 31 December 2017[8] 48,700 167
10  Canada 1.9319×10^12 31 December 2017[9] 52,300 115
11  China 1.8435×10^12 31 March 2018[10] 1,326 15
12   Switzerland 1.820695×10^12 31 December 2017[11] 213,100 269
13  Australia 1.48772×10^12 30 June 2017[12] 60,800 126
14  Singapore 1.320567×10^12 30 June 2017[13] 231,000 453
15  Belgium 1.278465×10^12 30 June 2017[14] 112,000 265
16  Hong Kong 1.08160806×10^11 30 June 2017[15] 14,820 35
17  Sweden 9.939396629×10^11 30 June 2017[16] 94,500 177
18  Austria 6.3834×10^11 30 June 2017[17] 73,100 167
19  Norway 6.044238×10^11 30 June 2017[18] 117,000 169
20  Brazil 5.56418×10^11 30 September 2017[19] 3,200 30
21  Russia 5.37458×10^11 30 September 2017[20] 3,700 40
22  India 5.29×10^11 29 June 2018[21] 380 18
23  Denmark 4.91617×10^11 30 June 2017[22] 85,700 163
24  Finland 4.83369×10^11 30 June 2017[23] 87,500 196
25  Greece 4.76997×10^11 31 December 2017[24] 42,800 228
26  Turkey 4.53207×10^11 31 December 2017[25] 5,500 53
27  Portugal 4.47022×10^11 30 June 2017[26] 43,300 216
28  Mexico 4.37367×10^11 31 December 2017[27] 3,300 38
29  South Korea 4.07341×10^11 30 June 2017[28] 7,500 27
30  Poland 3.63658×10^11 30 June 2017[29] 9,500 70
31  Indonesia 3.35289×10^11 30 June 2017[30] 1,300 34
32  Malaysia 2.278445×10^11 31 March 2018[31] 6,800 75
33  Ireland  2.276×10^11 31 December 2017[32] 49,000 64
34  United Arab Emirates 2.204×10^11 31 December 2016 est.[33] 23,500 59
35  Saudi Arabia 2.009×10^11 31 December 2016 est.[34] 6,100 31
36  Argentina 3.63117×10^11 31 December 2017[35] 8,280 66
37  Mauritius 1.9971×10^11 30 June 2018[36] 148,000 1,536
38  Taiwan 1.99051×10^11 30 June 2018[37] 7,400 33
39  New Zealand 1.98815×10^11 31 March 2018[38] 40,300 100
40  Chile 1.832943×10^11 31 May 2018[39] 9,000 66
 Puerto Rico 1.674×10^11 31 January 2015 est. 47,800 164
41  Kazakhstan 1.65501×10^11 31 March 2017[40] 9,100 117
42  Qatar 1.592×10^11 31 December 2016 est.[41] 68,100 102
43  Thailand 1.4942955×10^11 31 December 2017[42] 2,170 33
44  Hungary 1.48024×10^11 30 June 2017[43] 15,000 121
45  South Africa 1.42833×10^11 31 December 2016[44] 2,600 48
46  Czech Republic 1.37606×10^11 31 December 2016[45] 13,000 70
47  Colombia 1.210972×10^11 31 January 2017[46] 2,500 43
48  Cyprus 1.19672×10^11 30 June 2017[47] 97,200 597
49  Ukraine 1.14836×10^11 30 June 2017[48] 2,600 122
50  Venezuela 1.10878×10^11 30 September 2015[49] 3,500 23
51  Romania 1.0888×10^11 31 July 2017[50] 5,100 55
53  Malta 9.62513×10^10 30 June 2017[51] 223,000 879
52  Pakistan 9.9108×10^10 31 Dec 2018[52] 380 36
54  Israel 8.94384×10^10 30 June 2017[53] 10,700 26
55  Slovakia 8.663×10^10 30 June 2017[54] 15,900 91
56  Peru 7.46512×10^10 31 December 2016[55] 2,300 38
57  Philippines 7.2493×10^10 30 June 2017[56] 720 25
58  Iraq 6.801×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[57] 1,800 44
59  Egypt 6.73226×10^10 31 December 2016[58] 700 41
61  Vietnam 5.09377×10^10 31 December 2015[59] 500 26
60  Slovenia 4.995×10^10 30 June 2017[60] 24,000 109
61  Morocco 4.88303×10^10 30 June 2017[61] 1,400 44
62  Kuwait 4.789×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[62] 11,700 43
63  Sri Lanka 4.65857×10^10 31 December 2016[63] 2,200 59
64  Croatia 4.60847×10^10 30 June 2017[64] 10,700 87
65  Sudan 4.5×10^10 31 December 2015[65] 1,100 47
66  Latvia 4.1147×10^10 30 June 2017[66] 21,200 147
67  Bulgaria 4.0419×10^10 31 January 2018[67] 5,700 66
68  Belarus 3.8975×10^10 30 June 2017[68] 4,000 83
69  Angola 3.77×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[69] 1,400 41
70  Ecuador 3.67472×10^10 31 August 2017[70] 2,100 35
71  Lithuania 3.64277×10^10 30 June 2017[71] 12,700 86
72  Serbia 2.7954×10^10 30 June 2017[72] 3,200 78
73  Lebanon 2.7796×10^10 31 December 2016[73] 4,600 54
74  Jordan 2.77564×10^10 30 June 2017[74] 3,400 30
75  Cuba 2.632×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[75] 2,300 34
76  Uruguay 2.61492×10^10 31 December 2016[76] 7,600 50
77  Dominican Republic 2.605×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[77] 2,400 36
78  Bangladesh 2.5963×10^10 30 June 2016[78] 160 12
79  Mongolia 2.5215×10^10 30 June 2017[79] 7,800 186
80  Tunisia 2.51247×10^10 31 December 2012[80] 2,200 56
81  Costa Rica 2.491×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[81] 5,100 43
82  Iceland 2.43906×10^10 30 June 2017[82] 72,700 118
83  Ethiopia 2.249×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[83] 220 32
84  Kenya 2.21719×10^10 30 June 2017[84] 370 26
85  Papua New Guinea 2.204×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[85] 2,800 111
86  Trinidad & Tobago 2.15321×10^10 31 December 2016[86] 15,700 76
87  Ghana 2.117×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[87] 700 50
88  Bahrain 2.116×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[88] 14,900 66
89  Oman 2.085×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[89] 4,400 35
90  Estonia 2.05251×10^10 31 December 2016[90] 15,700 91
91  Guatemala 1.909×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[91] 1,100 28
92  Palau 1.838×10^10 31 December 2014 est.[92] 846,000 6,209
93  Panama 1.8341×10^10 28 February 2018[93] 4,400 30
94  Bahamas 1.756×10^10 31 December 2013 est.[94] 44,200 194
95  Jamaica 1.676×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[95] 6,000 122
96  Monaco 1.65×10^10 30 June 2010 est. 434,000 240
97  Georgia 1.64165×10^10 30 June 2017[96] 3,900 108
98  Paraguay 1.61224×10^10 31 December 2016[97] 2,400 58
99  Tanzania 1.589×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[98] 280 34
100  Uzbekistan 1.575×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[99] 500 24
101  Nigeria 1.5047×10^10 30 June 2017[100] 60 3
102  El Salvador 1.49×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[101] 2,400 56
103  Laos 1.198×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[102] 1,700 87
104  Nicaragua 1.11×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[103] 1,800 83
105  Zimbabwe 1.09×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[104] 670 77
106  Armenia 1.0044×10^10 30 June 2017[105] 3,300 94
107  Ivory Coast 1.00281×10^10 31 December 2015[106] 420 28
108  Cambodia 9.8244×10^9 31 December 2016[107] 600 49
109  Mozambique 9.554×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[108] 320 79
110  Zambia 9.27×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[109] 540 45
111  Albania 8.6315×10^9 30 June 2017[110] 2,900 73
112  Honduras 8.042×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[111] 1,000 38
113  Kyrgyzstan 7.8668×10^9 31 December 2016[112] 1,300 120
114  Macedonia 7.6455×10^9 31 December 2016[113] 3,700 74
115  Cameroon 7.375×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[114] 300 24
116  Yemen 7.1915×10^9 31 January 2015[115] 260 21
117  Iran 7.116×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[116] 90 2
118  Azerbaijan 6.9132×10^9 31 December 2016[117] 1,300 20
119  Moldova 6.5947×10^9 31 December 2016[118] 1,600 98
120  Namibia 6.515×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[119] 2,500 64
121  Myanmar 6.4012×10^9 31 December 2015[120] 120 17
122  Bolivia 6.3408×10^9 31 December 2015[121] 600 19
123  Uganda 6.241×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[122] 150 24
124  Senegal 6.186×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[123] 390 42
125  Syria 5.918×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[124] 300 24
126  Democratic Republic of the Congo 5.331×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[125] 70 13
127  Gabon 5.158×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[126] 2,900 35
128  North Korea 5×10^9 2013 est.[127] 200 18
129  Republic of the Congo 4.817×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[128] 1,000 55
130  Bosnia and Herzegovina 4.7166×10^9 30 June 2017[129] 1,300 31
131  Barbados 4.49×10^9 2010 est.[130] 15,700 100
132  Madagascar 4.007×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[131] 160 41
133  Mali 3.626×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[132] 200 26
134  Mauritania 3.585×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[133] 840 76
135  Libya 3.531×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[134] 550 9
136    Nepal 3.4502×10^9 31 July 2015[135] 120 16
137  Algeria 3.139×10^9 30 June 2016[136] 80 2
138  Burkina Faso 3.092×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[137] 160 26
139  Somalia 3.054×10^9 31 December 2013 est.[138] 270 52
140  Niger 2.729×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[139] 130 36
141  Montenegro 2.64×10^9 30 June 2018[140] 4,260 60
142  Seychelles 2.552×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[141] 26,200 180
143  Rwanda 2.442×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[142] 200 29
 Bermuda 2.435×10^9 2015 est.[143] 39,700 47
 Kosovo 2.3897×10^9 30 June 2017[144] 1,200 34
144  Benin 2.34×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[145] 200 26
145  Tajikistan 2.2741×10^9 31 December 2016[146] 260 35
146  Bhutan 2.261×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[147] 2,900 108
147  Haiti 2.022×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[148] 180 24
148  Malawi 1.921×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[149] 100 35
149  Chad 1.875×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[150] 130 18
150  Botswana 1.6854×10^9 31 March 2017[151] 720 10
 Palestine 1.662×10^9 31 March 2016 est.[152] 340 17
151  Cape Verde 1.66×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[153] 3,100 99
152  Sierra Leone 1.561×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[154] 230 36
153  Equatorial Guinea 1.364×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[155] 1,500 12
154  Djibouti 1.339×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[156] 1,500 71
155  Guinea 1.332×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[157] 100 20
156  Belize 1.327×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[158] 3,500 75
157  Afghanistan 1.28×10^9 FY-2010/11[159] 40 7
158  Suriname 1.235×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[160] 2,200 30
159  Togo 1.173×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[161] 150 26
160  Guyana 1.143×10^9 31 December 2015[162] 1,500 36
161  Liberia 1.111×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[163] 230 51
162  Guinea-Bissau 1.095×10^9 31 December 2010 est.[164] 570 94
163  Lesotho 948,800,000 31 December 2016 est.[165] 430 53
 Faroe Islands 888,800,000 2010[166] 18,400 38
164  Fiji 833,400,000 31 December 2016 est.[167] 900 18
165  Eritrea 820,200,000 31 December 2016 est.[168] 150 15
166  Maldives 741,600,000 2014 est.[169] 2,000 23
167  Burundi 705,200,000 31 December 2016 est.[170] 60 26
 Aruba 693,200,000 31 December 2014 est.[171] 6,600 28
168  Central African Republic 686,900,000 31 December 2016 est.[172] 130 39
169  Grenada 679,000,000 2013 est.[173] 6,300 66
170  The Gambia 541,800,000 31 December 2016 est.[174] 260 61
171  Saint Lucia 513,200,000 31 December 2016 est.[175] 2,700 36
172  Turkmenistan 502,800,000 31 December 2016 est.[176] 90 1
173  Solomon Islands 491,500,000 31 December 2013 est.[177] 800 40
174  Swaziland 470,500,000 31 December 2016 est.[178] 360 14
175  Samoa 447,200,000 31 December 2013 est.[179] 2,300 51
176  Antigua and Barbuda 441,200,000 31 December 2012[180] 4,700 34
177  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 321,100,000 31 December 2016 est.[181] 2,900 42
178  Timor-Leste 311,500,000 31 December 2014 est.[182] 250 12
179  Dominica 288,600,000 31 December 2016 est.[183] 3,900 55
 Cook Islands 281,200,000 31 December 2011[184] 13,400 23
180  Sao Tome and Principe 236,500,000 31 December 2016 est.[185] 1,200 67
181  Tonga 233,100,000 31 December 2016 est.[186] 2,200 54
182  Vanuatu 208,100,000 31 December 2016 est.[187] 750 27
183  Saint Kitts and Nevis 187,500,000 31 December 2016 est.[188] 3,300 20
184  Comoros 133,300,000 31 December 2016 est.[189] 160 21
 New Caledonia 112,000,000 31 December 2013 est.[190] 420 1
185  Marshall Islands 97,960,000 2013 est.[191] 1,800 52
186  Federated States of Micronesia 93,600,000 2013 est.[192] 900 29
 Cayman Islands 79,000,000 1998 est. 2,100 7
 Greenland 36,400,000 2010[193] 650 2
187  Nauru 33,300,000 2004 est.[194] 3,200 22
 British Virgin Islands 17,670,000 31 December 2016[195] 570 2
188  Kiribati 13,600,000 2013 est.[196] 120 8
 Anguilla 8,800,000 1998[197] 590 5
 Wallis and Futuna 3,670,000 2004[198] 280 6
 Montserrat 1,040,000 31 December 2011[199] 200 2
189  Brunei 0 2014[200] 0 0
190  Liechtenstein 0 2001[201] 0 0
 Macau 0 31 December 2013[202] 0 0
 Niue 0 27 October 2016[203] 0 0
191  Andorra N/A
192  San Marino 352,000,000 2016[204] 10,604 22.5
193  South Sudan N/A
194  Tuvalu N/A

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External links[edit]