List of countries by external debt

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This is a list of countries by external debt, which is the total public and private debt owed to nonresidents repayable in internationally accepted currencies, goods or services, where the public debt is the money or credit owed by any level of government, from central to local, and the private debt the money or credit owed by private households or private corporations based in the country under consideration.

For informational purposes, several non-sovereign entities are also included in this list.

Note that while a country may have a relatively large external debt (either in absolute or per capita terms) it could actually be a "net international creditor" if its external debt is less than the total of the external debt of other countries held by it. For example, although the UK has more external debt than France, it has more external assets giving it a stronger NIIP.

List of countries by external debt
Rank Country/Region External debt
US dollars
Date Per capita
US dollars
% of GDP
1  United States 22,284,900,000,000 December 2017 58,200 94
2  United Kingdom 8,475,956,000,000 31 December 2017[1] 127,000 313
3  France 5,689,745,000,000 31 December 2017[2] 87,200 213
4  Germany 5,398,267,000,000 31 December 2017[3] 65,600 141
5  Netherlands 451,040,000,000 31 December 2017[4] 26,400 522
6  Luxembourg 3,781,000,000,000 31 December 2017[5] 6,968,000 6,307
7  Japan 3,586,817,000,000 31 December 2017[6] 28,200 74
8  Italy 2,510,690,000,000 31 December 2017[7] 42,300 124
9  Ireland 2,384,247,000,000 31 December 2017[8] 496,000 684
10  Spain 2,259,127,000,000 31 December 2017[9] 48,700 167
11  Canada 1,931,900,000,000 31 December 2017[10] 52,300 115
12  China 1,843,500,000,000 31 March 2018[11] 1,326 15
 Hong Kong 108,160,806,000 30 June 2017[12] 14,820 35
13   Switzerland 1,820,695,000,000 31 December 2017[13] 213,100 269
14  Australia 1,487,720,000,000 30 June 2017[14] 60,800 126
15  Singapore 1,320,567,000,000 30 June 2017[15] 231,000 453
16  Belgium 1,278,465,000,000 30 June 2017[16] 112,000 265
17  Sweden 135,739,662,900 30 June 2017[17] 94,500 177
18  Austria 638,340,000,000 30 June 2017[18] 73,100 167
19  Norway 623,223,000,000 30 June 2017[19] 117,000 169
20  Brazil 556,418,000,000 30 September 2017[20] 3,200 30
21  Russia 537,458,000,000 30 September 2017[21] 3,700 40
22  India 529,000,000,000 29 June 2018[22] 380 20
23  Denmark 491,617,000,000 30 June 2017[23] 85,700 163
24  Finland 483,369,000,000 30 June 2017[24] 87,500 196
25  Greece 476,997,000,000 31 December 2017[25] 42,800 228
26  Turkey 453,207,000,000 31 December 2017[26] 5,500 53
27  Portugal 447,022,000,000 30 June 2017[27] 43,300 216
28  Mexico 437,367,000,000 31 December 2017[28] 3,300 38
29  South Korea 407,341,000,000 30 June 2017[29] 7,500 27
30  Poland 363,658,000,000 30 June 2017[30] 9,500 70
31  Indonesia 335,289,000,000 30 June 2017[31] 1,300 34
32  Malaysia 227,844,500,000 31 March 2018[32] 6,800 75
33  United Arab Emirates 220,400,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[33] 23,500 59
34  Saudi Arabia 200,900,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[34] 6,100 31
35  Argentina 363,117,000,000 31 December 2017[35] 8,280 66
36  Mauritius 199,710,000,000 30 June 2018[36] 148,000 1,536
37  Taiwan 199,051,000,000 30 June 2018[37] 7,400 33
38  New Zealand 198,815,000,000 31 March 2018[38] 40,300 100
39  Chile 183,294,300,000 31 May 2018[39] 9,000 66
 Puerto Rico 167,400,000,000 31 January 2015 est. 47,800 164
40  Kazakhstan 165,501,000,000 31 March 2017[40] 9,100 117
41  Qatar 159,200,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[41] 68,100 102
42  Hungary 148,024,000,000 30 June 2017[42] 15,000 121
43  South Africa 142,833,000,000 31 December 2016[43] 2,600 48
44  Thailand 140,510,000,000 30 June 2017[44] 2,000 33
45  Czech Republic 137,606,000,000 31 December 2016[45] 13,000 70
46  Colombia 121,097,200,000 31 January 2017[46] 2,500 43
47  Cyprus 119,672,000,000 30 June 2017[47] 97,200 597
48  Ukraine 114,836,000,000 30 June 2017[48] 2,600 122
49  Venezuela 110,878,000,000 30 September 2015[49] 3,500 23
50  Romania 108,880,000,000 31 July 2017[50] 5,100 55
51  Malta 96,251,300,000 30 June 2017[51] 223,000 879
52  Pakistan 96,251,300,000 17 may 2018[52] 380 26
53  Israel 89,438,400,000 30 June 2017[53] 10,700 26
54  Slovakia 86,630,000,000 30 June 2017[54] 15,900 91
55  Peru 74,651,200,000 31 December 2016[55] 2,300 38
56  Philippines 72,493,000,000 30 June 2017[56] 720 25
57  Iraq 68,010,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[57] 1,800 44
58  Egypt 67,322,600,000 31 December 2016[58] 700 41
59  Vietnam 50,937,700,000 31 December 2015[59] 500 26
60  Slovenia 49,950,000,000 30 June 2017[60] 24,000 109
61  Morocco 48,830,300,000 30 June 2017[61] 1,400 44
62  Kuwait 47,890,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[62] 11,700 43
63  Sri Lanka 46,585,700,000 31 December 2016[63] 2,200 59
64  Croatia 46,084,700,000 30 June 2017[64] 10,700 87
65  Sudan 45,000,000,000 31 December 2015[65] 1,100 47
66  Latvia 41,147,000,000 30 June 2017[66] 21,200 147
67  Bulgaria 40,419,000,000 31 January 2018[67] 5,700 66
68  Belarus 38,975,000,000 30 June 2017[68] 4,000 83
69  Angola 37,700,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[69] 1,400 41
70  Ecuador 36,747,200,000 31 August 2017[70] 2,100 35
71  Lithuania 36,427,700,000 30 June 2017[71] 12,700 86
72  Serbia 27,954,000,000 30 June 2017[72] 3,200 78
73  Lebanon 27,796,000,000 31 December 2016[73] 4,600 54
74  Jordan 27,756,400,000 30 June 2017[74] 3,400 30
75  Cuba 26,320,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[75] 2,300 34
76  Uruguay 26,149,200,000 31 December 2016[76] 7,600 50
77  Dominican Republic 26,050,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[77] 2,400 36
78  Bangladesh 25,963,000,000 30 June 2016[78] 160 12
79  Mongolia 25,215,000,000 30 June 2017[79] 7,800 186
80  Tunisia 25,124,700,000 31 December 2012[80] 2,200 56
81  Costa Rica 24,910,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[81] 5,100 43
82  Iceland 24,390,600,000 30 June 2017[82] 72,700 118
83  Ethiopia 22,490,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[83] 220 32
84  Kenya 22,171,900,000 30 June 2017[84] 370 26
85  Papua New Guinea 22,040,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[85] 2,800 111
86  Trinidad & Tobago 21,532,100,000 31 December 2016[86] 15,700 76
87  Ghana 21,170,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[87] 700 50
88  Bahrain 21,160,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[88] 14,900 66
89  Oman 20,850,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[89] 4,400 35
90  Estonia 20,525,100,000 31 December 2016[90] 15,700 91
91  Guatemala 19,090,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[91] 1,100 28
92  Palau 18,380,000,000 31 December 2014 est.[92] 846,000 6,209
93  Panama 18,341,000,000 28 February 2018[93] 4,400 30
94  Bahamas 17,560,000,000 31 December 2013 est.[94] 44,200 194
95  Jamaica 16,760,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[95] 6,000 122
96  Monaco 16,500,000,000 30 June 2010 est. 434,000 240
97  Georgia 16,416,500,000 30 June 2017[96] 3,900 108
98  Paraguay 16,122,400,000 31 December 2016[97] 2,400 58
99  Tanzania 15,890,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[98] 280 34
100  Uzbekistan 15,750,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[99] 500 24
101  Nigeria 15,047,000,000 30 June 2017[100] 60 3
102  El Salvador 14,900,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[101] 2,400 56
103  Laos 11,980,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[102] 1,700 87
104  Nicaragua 11,100,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[103] 1,800 83
105  Zimbabwe 10,900,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[104] 670 77
106  Armenia 10,044,000,000 30 June 2017[105] 3,300 94
107  Ivory Coast 10,028,100,000 31 December 2015[106] 420 28
108  Cambodia 9,824,400,000 31 December 2016[107] 600 49
109  Mozambique 9,554,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[108] 320 79
110  Zambia 9,270,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[109] 540 45
111  Albania 8,631,500,000 30 June 2017[110] 2,900 73
112  Honduras 8,042,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[111] 1,000 38
113  Kyrgyzstan 7,866,800,000 31 December 2016[112] 1,300 120
114  Macedonia 7,645,500,000 31 December 2016[113] 3,700 74
115  Cameroon 7,375,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[114] 300 24
116  Yemen 7,191,500,000 31 January 2015[115] 260 21
117  Iran 7,116,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[116] 90 2
118  Azerbaijan 6,913,200,000 31 December 2016[117] 1,300 20
119  Moldova 6,594,700,000 31 December 2016[118] 1,600 98
120  Namibia 6,515,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[119] 2,500 64
121  Myanmar 6,401,200,000 31 December 2015[120] 120 17
122  Bolivia 6,340,800,000 31 December 2015[121] 600 19
123  Uganda 6,241,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[122] 150 24
124  Senegal 6,186,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[123] 390 42
125  Syria 5,918,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[124] 300 24
126  Democratic Republic of the Congo 5,331,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[125] 70 13
127  Gabon 5,158,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[126] 2,900 35
128  North Korea 5,000,000,000 2013 est.[127] 200 18
129  Republic of the Congo 4,817,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[128] 1,000 55
130  Bosnia and Herzegovina 4,716,600,000 30 June 2017[129] 1,300 31
131  Barbados 4,490,000,000 2010 est.[130] 15,700 100
132  Madagascar 4,007,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[131] 160 41
133  Mali 3,626,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[132] 200 26
134  Mauritania 3,585,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[133] 840 76
135  Libya 3,531,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[134] 550 9
136    Nepal 3,450,200,000 31 July 2015[135] 120 16
137  Algeria 3,139,000,000 30 June 2016[136] 80 2
138  Burkina Faso 3,092,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[137] 160 26
139  Somalia 3,054,000,000 31 December 2013 est.[138] 270 52
140  Niger 2,729,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[139] 130 36
141  Montenegro 2,640,000,000 30 June 2018[140] 4,260 60
142  Seychelles 2,552,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[141] 26,200 180
143  Rwanda 2,442,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[142] 200 29
 Bermuda 2,435,000,000 2015 est.[143] 39,700 47
 Kosovo 2,389,700,000 30 June 2017[144] 1,200 34
144  Benin 2,340,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[145] 200 26
145  Tajikistan 2,274,100,000 31 December 2016[146] 260 35
146  Bhutan 2,261,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[147] 2,900 108
147  Haiti 2,022,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[148] 180 24
148  Malawi 1,921,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[149] 100 35
149  Chad 1,875,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[150] 130 18
150  Botswana 1,685,400,000 31 March 2017[151] 720 10
 Palestine 1,662,000,000 31 March 2016 est.[152] 340 17
151  Cape Verde 1,660,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[153] 3,100 99
152  Sierra Leone 1,561,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[154] 230 36
153  Equatorial Guinea 1,364,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[155] 1,500 12
154  Djibouti 1,339,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[156] 1,500 71
155  Guinea 1,332,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[157] 100 20
156  Belize 1,327,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[158] 3,500 75
157  Afghanistan 1,280,000,000 FY-2010/11[159] 40 7
158  Suriname 1,235,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[160] 2,200 30
159  Togo 1,173,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[161] 150 26
160  Guyana 1,143,000,000 31 December 2015[162] 1,500 36
161  Liberia 1,111,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[163] 230 51
162  Guinea-Bissau 1,095,000,000 31 December 2010 est.[164] 570 94
163  Lesotho 948,800,000 31 December 2016 est.[165] 430 53
 Faroe Islands 888,800,000 2010[166] 18,400 38
164  Fiji 833,400,000 31 December 2016 est.[167] 900 18
165  Eritrea 820,200,000 31 December 2016 est.[168] 150 15
166  Maldives 741,600,000 2014 est.[169] 2,000 23
167  Burundi 705,200,000 31 December 2016 est.[170] 60 26
 Aruba 693,200,000 31 December 2014 est.[171] 6,600 28
168  Central African Republic 686,900,000 31 December 2016 est.[172] 130 39
169  Grenada 679,000,000 2013 est.[173] 6,300 66
170  The Gambia 541,800,000 31 December 2016 est.[174] 260 61
171  Saint Lucia 513,200,000 31 December 2016 est.[175] 2,700 36
172  Turkmenistan 502,800,000 31 December 2016 est.[176] 90 1
173  Solomon Islands 491,500,000 31 December 2013 est.[177] 800 40
174  Swaziland 470,500,000 31 December 2016 est.[178] 360 14
175  Samoa 447,200,000 31 December 2013 est.[179] 2,300 51
176  Antigua and Barbuda 441,200,000 31 December 2012[180] 4,700 34
177  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 321,100,000 31 December 2016 est.[181] 2,900 42
178  Timor-Leste 311,500,000 31 December 2014 est.[182] 250 12
179  Dominica 288,600,000 31 December 2016 est.[183] 3,900 55
 Cook Islands 281,200,000 31 December 2011[184] 13,400 23
180  Sao Tome and Principe 236,500,000 31 December 2016 est.[185] 1,200 67
181  Tonga 233,100,000 31 December 2016 est.[186] 2,200 54
182  Vanuatu 208,100,000 31 December 2016 est.[187] 750 27
183  Saint Kitts and Nevis 187,500,000 31 December 2016 est.[188] 3,300 20
184  Comoros 133,300,000 31 December 2016 est.[189] 160 21
 New Caledonia 112,000,000 31 December 2013 est.[190] 420 1
185  Marshall Islands 97,960,000 2013 est.[191] 1,800 52
186  Federated States of Micronesia 93,600,000 2013 est.[192] 900 29
 Cayman Islands 79,000,000 1998 est. 2,100 7
 Greenland 36,400,000 2010[193] 650 2
187  Nauru 33,300,000 2004 est.[194] 3,200 22
 British Virgin Islands 17,670,000 31 December 2016[195] 570 2
188  Kiribati 13,600,000 2013 est.[196] 120 8
 Anguilla 8,800,000 1998[197] 590 5
 Wallis and Futuna 3,670,000 2004[198] 280 6
 Montserrat 1,040,000 31 December 2011[199] 200 2
189  Brunei 0 2014[200] 0 0
190  Liechtenstein 0 2001[201] 0 0
 Macau 0 31 December 2013[202] 0 0
 Niue 0 27 October 2016[203] 0 0
191  Andorra N/A
192  San Marino N/A
193  South Sudan N/A
194  Tuvalu N/A

See also[edit]

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External links[edit]