List of countries by external debt

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For net international debt by country (external debt owing to other countries minus external debt of other countries held), see Net international investment position.

This is a list of countries by external debt, the total public and private debt owed to nonresidents repayable in internationally accepted currencies, goods, or services,[1] where the public debt is the money or credit owed by any level of government, from central to local, and the private debt the money or credit owed by private households or private corporations based in the country under consideration. This is not to be confused with public debts which can be found under "List of countries by public debt".

For informational purposes, several non-sovereign entities are also included in this list.

Note that while a country may have a relatively large external debt (either in absolute or per capita terms), it could be a "net international creditor" if its external debt is less than the total of the external debt of other countries held by it. For example, Norway, Hong Kong, Switzerland, Japan among others are net international creditors.

List of countries by external debt
Rank ! Country/Region External debt[2]
US dollars
! Date Per capita[3][4][5][6]
US dollars
% of GDP[7][8][9]
1  United States 19,188,102,413,248 5 May 2016 60,340 114
2  United Kingdom 9,591,672,000,000 31 March 2014 146,244 569
3  France 5,750,152,000,000 31 March 2014 86,317 222
4  Germany 5,546,869,000,000 31 March 2014 68,720 145
5  Luxembourg[note 1] 3,472,282,000,000 31 March 2014 3,696,467 3,443
6  Japan 2,861,488,000,000 31 March 2014 24,000 60
7  Italy 2,651,413,000,000 31 March 2014 est. 43,621 124
8  Netherlands 2,526,895,000,000 31 March 2014 226,503 316
9  Spain 2,305,648,000,000 31 March 2014 52,045 167
10  Singapore 1,766,401,000,000[10] 13 November 2015 226,930 408
11  China 1,680,000,000,000 30 June 2015[11] 1,195 16.2
12   Switzerland 1,610,897,000,000 31 March 2014 193,939 229
13  Canada 1,491,000,000,000 4 May 2016 est. 37,165 92
14  Australia 1,395,638,000,000 31 March 2014 est. 52,596 95
15  Belgium 1,286,918,000,000 31 March 2014 113,603 266
 Hong Kong 1,231,233,000,000 31 March 2014 est. 105,420 334
16  Sweden 1,145,785,000,000 31 March 2014 91,487 187
17  Austria 820,010,000,000 31 March 2014 90,128 200
18  Norway 61,455,264 30 June 2016 12 2
19  Russian Federation 599,819,000,000 31 March 2014 3,634 23
20  Denmark 593,221,000,000 31 March 2014 101,084 180
21  Portugal 548,800,000,000 30 June 2011 47,835 223
22  India 485,600,000,000 2 July 2016 [12] 374 24
23  Brazil 428,300,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,608 15
24  South Korea 425,353,000,000 31 March 2014 est. 7,567

37

25  Turkey 405,223,000,000 2015 5,216 55
26  Greece 360,000,000,000 30 June 2015 47,636 174[13]
27  Mexico 352,900,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,956 20 [14]
28  Indonesia 298,100,000,000 31 March 2015 est. 3,534 32.91
29  Ireland 263,967,288,631[15] 30 September 2014 52,227 103
30  Malaysia 230,870,491,803 15 March 2015[16] 7,829.11 63.7
30  Poland 211,457,000,000 May 2015 5,286 39.9
31  Hungary 202,000,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 14,821 115
32  Taiwan 171,559,000,000 31 March 2015[17][18] 7,394.78 37.4
 Puerto Rico 167,400,000,000 31 January 2015 est. 47,828 164
33  United Arab Emirates 163,800,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 24,273 41
34  Ukraine 142,000,000,000 31 March 2014 est. 2,995 81
35  Finland 139,700,000,000 24 March 2015 25,627 94
36  South Africa 137,500,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,613 23
37  Qatar 137,000,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 41,988 55
38  Thailand 136,635,000,000 1 July 2015 2,027 34.4
39  Saudi Arabia 134,000,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 3,176 19
40  Argentina 115,700,000,000 31 December 2014 est. 2,282 17
41  Czech Republic 108,067,000,000 31 March 2014 est. 8,260 45
42  Cyprus 106,500,000,000 31 December 2011 est. 37,812 129
43  Venezuela 105,700,000,000 [19] 31 December 2012 1,906 19
44  Kazakhstan 105,500,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 6,060 68
45  Chile 102,100,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 5,867 38
46  Colombia 100,000,000,000 2 February 2015 est.[20] 1,269 20
47  Israel 99,750,000,000 31 March 2014 est. 12,070 33
48  Iceland[21][22] 93,377,000,000 2 Jun 2015 282,960 724
49  New Zealand 90,230,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 52,300 126
50  Romania 89,261,000,000 30 September 2015 est. 4,485 36
51  Slovenia 71,700,000,000 31 December 2014 25,555 78.1[23]
52  Slovakia 68,440,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 10,926 68
53  Vietnam 68,380,000,000 31 December 2013 est. 379 32
54  Nigeria 68,100,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 71 5
55  Croatia 62,387,000,000 22 January 2015 est. 13,519 78[23]
56  Pakistan 67,000,000,000 21 May 2013 est. 366 30
57  Philippines 58,500,000,000 30 December 2013 est. 636 32
58  Peru 52,590,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,126 22
59  Iraq 50,268,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,641 64
60  Malta 48,790,000,000 30 June 2011 14,233 72
61  Egypt 48,760,000,000 31 December 2013 est. 391 14
62  Sudan 39,700,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 946 55
63  Bangladesh 36,210,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 149 23
64  Bulgaria 33,851,800,000 25 March 2016 est. 6,261 73
65  Lebanon 32,640,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 8,815 88
66  Serbia 32,600,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 4,178 80
67  Morocco 29,420,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 712 22
68  Kuwait 28,210,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 15,754 43
69  Bahrain 25,270,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 13,261 65
70  Tunisia 24,490,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,779 42
71  Sri Lanka 22,820,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 881 36
72  Cuba 22,360,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,780 34
73  Ecuador 20,030,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 995 25
74  Angola 19,650,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 944 21
75  Lithuania 17,282,000,000 7 July 2015 5,871 42.8
76  The Bahamas 16,680,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,067 6
77  Dominican Republic 16,580,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,162 25
78  Monaco[note 2] 16,500,000,000 31 June 2010 est. 471,428 240
79  Guatemala 16,170,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,216 42
80  Jamaica 14,600,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 4,660 92
81  Panama 13,130,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 3,927 52
82  El Salvador 12,840,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,953 53
83  Costa Rica 12,040,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,874 24
84  Syria 11,640,000,000 31 December 2014 est. 5,100 57
85  Uruguay 11,610,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 3,989 33
86  Ghana 11,230,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 274 21
87  Tanzania 11,180,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 183 33
88  Uzbekistan 10,460,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 150 11
89  Latvia 10,380,000,000 7 July 2015 5,186 38.3
90  Ethiopia 9,956,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 51 14
91  Oman 9,768,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 2,962 16
92  Iran 9,452,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 170 4
93  Bosnia and Herzegovina 9,051,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 2,052 48
94  Georgia 8,688,742,000 31 December 2012 1,940 54.8
95  Jordan 8,345,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 903 20
96  Democratic Republic of the Congo 7,644,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 197 122
97  Republic of the Congo 7,644,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,722 155
98  Zimbabwe 6,975,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 609 103
99  Republic of Macedonia 6,740,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 2,668 60
100  Yemen 6,726,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 293 23
101  Armenia 6,435,000,000 31 December 2012 1,584 56
102  Paraguay 5,714,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 382 13
103  Bolivia 5,604,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 275 15
104  Laos 5,599,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 900 91
105  Burma 5,448,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 117 17
106  Zambia 5,445,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 264 22
107  Albania 5,281,000,000 31 December 2012 882 23
108  Libya 5,278,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 972 9
109  Nicaragua 5,228,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 693 62
110  Moldova 5,167,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,296 79
111  Cambodia 5,071,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 304 37
112  Honduras 4,884,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 465 23
113  Mozambique 4,880,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 231 50
114  Papua New Guinea 4,860,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 238 16
115  Trinidad and Tobago 4,780,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 3,502 21
116  Cote d'Ivoire 4,742,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 527 51
117  Barbados 4,490,000,000 2010 est. 2,456 22
118  Algeria 4,344,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 115 3
119  Namibia 4,204,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,131 20
120  Uganda 4,126,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 85 17
121  Senegal 4,117,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 296 30
122  Azerbaijan 4,042,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 8,513 6
123    Nepal 3,774,000,000 31 December 2011 161 35
124  Kyrgyzstan 3,666,000,000 31 December 2012 699 81
125  Kenya 3,624,000,000 31 March 2014 est. 200 25
126  Cameroon 3,343,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 164 15
127  North Korea 3,000,000,000 2012 est. 544 13
128  Mauritius 2,942,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 3,937 52
129  Somalia 2,942,000,000 31 December 2010 est. 386
130  Tajikistan 2,771,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 262 35
131  Gabon 2,758,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,587 18
132  Mali 2,725,000,000 31 December 2012 254 88
133  Guinea 2,652,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 305 68
134  Madagascar 2,631,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 140 36
135  Burkina Faso 2,442,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 136 23
136  Estonia 2,313,000,000 7 July 2015 1,758 10.59
137  Mongolia 2,070,000,000 31 December 2011 686 41
138  Botswana 1,968,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,208 16
139  Chad 1,749,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 160 21
140  Belize 1,457,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 3,079 75
141  Seychelles 1,453,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 15,614 147
142  Niger 1,451,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 178 79
143  Afghanistan 1,280,000,000 FY-2010/11 92 22
144  Bhutan 1,275,000,000 2011 1,193 64
145  Guyana 1,234,000,000 31 December 2010 1,049 42
146  Equatorial Guinea 1,232,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 634 6
147  Malawi 1,214,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 77 24
148  Montenegro 1,200,000,000 2011 est. 939 24
149  Guinea-Bissau 1,095,000,000 31 December 2010 est. 722 259
150  Belarus 1,067,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 2,629 45
151  Palestine 1,040,000,000 2010 est. 414
152  Eritrea 1,026,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 195 58
153  Maldives 1,015,000,000 2011 est. 2,947 50
154  Benin 953,500,000 31 December 2012 est. 308 43
 Faroe Islands 888,800,000 2010 est.
155  Haiti 854,700,000 31 December 2012 est. 36 5
156  Sierra Leone 827,600,000 31 December 2012 est. 340 61
157  Djibouti 802,900,000 31 December 2012 est. 573 56
158  Cape Verde 741,300,000 31 December 2012 est. 714 52
159  Swaziland 737,300,000 31 December 2012 est. 428 14
160  Lesotho 715,400,000 31 December 2012 est. 255 30
161  The Gambia 545,800,000 31 December 2012 est. 306 50
162  Grenada 538,000,000 2010 est. 3,402 74
163  Suriname 504,300,000 2005 est. 1,011 28
164  Comoros 485,400,000 31 December 2010 est. 430 115
 Aruba 478,600,000 2005 est. 4,935 21
165  Saint Lucia 471,400,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,586 32
166  Central African Republic 469,500,000 31 December 2012 est. 270 68
167  Antigua and Barbuda 458,000,000 June 2010 4,388 36
168  Turkmenistan 428,900,000 31 December 2012 est. 978 25
169  Liberia 400,300,000 31 December 2012[24] 65 22
170  Sao Tome and Principe 316,600,000 31 December 2012 est. 2,193 349
171  Vanuatu 307,700,000 31 December 2012 est. 389 22
172  Fiji 268,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 150 5
173  Dominica 253,800,000 31 December 2012 est. 3,000 75
174  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 252,200,000 31 December 2012 est. 4,477 85
175  Samoa 235,500,000 31 December 2009 est. 968 47
176  Burundi 231,700,000 31 December 2012 167 202
177  Saint Kitts and Nevis 189,100,000 31 December 2012 est. 6,408 79
178  Solomon Islands 166,000,000 2004 355 44
 Bermuda 160,000,000 FY-1999/2000 2,575 5
179  Cook Islands 141,000,000 1996 est. 7,756
180  Tonga 118,600,000 31 December 2012 est. 799 33
181  Marshall Islands 87,000,000 2008 est. 1,377 54
 New Caledonia 79,000,000 1998 est. 385 3
 Cayman Islands 79,000,000 1998 est. 2,078 7
182  Federated States of Micronesia 60,800,000 FY-2005 est. 556 25
 Greenland 36,400,000 2010 1,035 5
183  Nauru 33,300,000 2004 est.
184  Kiribati 10,000,000 1999 est. 120 14
 Montserrat 8,900,000 1997
 Anguilla 8,800,000 1998
 Wallis and Futuna 3,670,000 2004
185  Niue 418,000 2002 est.
 Macau 0 2010 0 0
 British Virgin Islands 0 2012
186  Brunei 0 2011 0 0
188  Liechtenstein 0 2005 0 0
189  Palau 0 2000 0 0

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ As the Bank of International Settlements explains small countries with large financial sectors tend to have disproportionately large gross external debts as well as holding large cross-border debt assets.[1] Luxembourg is a net creditor country.
  2. ^ As the Bank of International Settlements explains small countries with large financial sectors tend to have disproportionately large gross external debts as well as holding large cross-border debt assets.[2] Meaning Monaco could potentially be a net creditor.

References[edit]

  1. ^ taDebt – external. Definition in The World Factbook.
  2. ^ Debt - external, The World Factbook, e Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on the 29th of June 2011.
  3. ^ World Development Indicators, World Bank. Accessed on June 29, 2011. Note: Used for Bermuda, Chad, Cyprus, Eritrea, Greenland, Federated States of Micronesia, Monaco, Netherlands, New Caledonia and Turkmenistan.
  4. ^ Total Midyear Population, U.S. Census Bureau, International Data Base, accessed on June 29, 2011. Note: Used for Aruba, Cayman Islands, Cook Islands, Cuba, North Korea, Marshall Islands, Montenegro, Samoa, Somalia, Trinidad and Tobago and West Bank.
  5. ^ The World Factbook - European Union, Central Intelligence Agency,accessed on June 29, 2011.
  6. ^ World Economic Outlook Database, April 2011, International Monetary Fund. Accessed on June 29, 2011. Note: Used for the rest of the countries.
  7. ^ World Economic Outlook Database, April 2011, International Monetary Fund. Accessed on June 29, 2011. Note: Used for Afghanistan, Albania, Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Burundi, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Dominica, Fiji, Georgia, Grenada, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Iceland, Kiribati, Liberia, Mali, Mongolia, Montenegro, Nepal, Niger, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Samoa, Sao Tome and Principe, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, Suriname, Tonga and Vanuatu.
  8. ^ .World Development Indicators, World Bank. Accessed on June 29, 2011. Note: Used for Bermuda, Cayman Islands, Chad, Cyprus, Eritrea, Greenland, Federated States of Micronesia, Monaco, Netherlands, New Caledonia and Turkmenistan.
  9. ^ GDP (official exchange rate), The World Factbook, United States Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on June 29, 2011. Note: Used for the rest of the countries.
  10. ^ http://www.singstat.gov.sg/methodologies-standards/data-dissemination-standard/national-summary-page#external_sector
  11. ^ http://english.gov.cn/archive/statistics/2015/10/02/content_281475202939874.htm
  12. ^ http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/markets/stocks/news/with-485-billion-external-debt-can-india-weather-currency-storm/articleshow/53017673.cms
  13. ^ http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-33325886
  14. ^ https://www.hazine.gov.tr/tr-TR/Istatistik-Sunum-Sayfasi?mid=120&cid=12
  15. ^ https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ei.html
  16. ^ http://www.economist.com/content/global_debt_clock?page=6
  17. ^ http://www.cbc.gov.tw/public/data/economic/statistics/bop/Debt2.pdf
  18. ^ Private sector of Taiwan included
  19. ^ "La Deuda Externa Aumenta 8 Y Se Ubica En 105 Mil Millones - Economia" (in Spanish). El Universal. Retrieved 2013-10-18. 
  20. ^ "La deuda externa superó los US$ 100.000 millones". Portafolio.com.co. Retrieved 2015-12-14. 
  21. ^ Central Bank of Iceland (September 3, 2009). "External debt Q2/2009". Retrieved 2009-11-22. 
  22. ^ Statistics from the Central Bank of Iceland (July 1, 2015). "External debt of Iceland – Revision". Retrieved 2015-07-01. 
  23. ^ a b http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/documents/2995521/6483082/2-22012015-AP-EN.pdf/765eba70-6a88-4771-8af7-48f6665e3c67
  24. ^ "Second Quarter Public Debt Management Report October 1-December 31, 2011" (PDF). Liberian Ministry of Finance Debt Management Unit. Retrieved June 21, 2012. 

External links[edit]