List of countries by external debt

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This is a list of countries by external debt, it is the total public and private debt owed to nonresidents repayable in internationally accepted currencies, goods or services, where the public debt is the money or credit owed by any level of government, from central to local, and the private debt the money or credit owed by private households or private corporations based on the country under consideration.

For informational purposes, several non-sovereign entities are also included in this list.

Note that while a country may have a relatively large external debt (either in absolute or per capita terms) it could actually be a "net international creditor" if its external debt is less than the total of external debt of other countries held by it.

List[edit]

List of countries with respect to external debt
Country/Region External debt
US dollars
Date Per capita
US dollars
% of GDP
 United States 24 trillion June 2022[1] 72,217 96.06
 United Kingdom 8.73 trillion June 2022[1] 129,203 273.06
 France 7.04 trillion June 2022[1] 107,245 253.35
 Germany 6.46 trillion June 2022[1] 77,607 160.35
 Japan 4.36 trillion June 2022[1] 34,841 101.41
 China 2.64 trillion June 2022[1] 1,866 14.39
 Italy 2.51 trillion 31 December 2017[2] 42,300 141.00
 Spain 2.26 trillion 31 December 2017[3] 48,700 170.00
 Canada 1.93 trillion 31 December 2017[4] 52,300 143.00
 Australia 1.83 trillion 31 September 2020[5] 71,906 130.00
 Switzerland 1.82 trillion 31 December 2017[6] 213,100 285.00
 Singapore 1.67 trillion 30 June 2021[7] 231,000 471.00
 Belgium 1.28 trillion 30 June 2017[8] 112,000 269.00
 Austria 757 billion 31 December 2020[9] 84,061 165.00
 Norway 721 billion June 2022[10] 132,676 133.40
 Finland 136 billion 31 March 2022[11] 24,578 218.00
 India 620.7 billion March 2022[12] 437 19.90
 Brazil 556 billion 30 September 2017[13] 3,200 38.00
 Netherlands 555 billion December 2021[14] 26,540 52.00
 Denmark 492 billion 30 June 2017[15] 85,700 158.00
 Russia 489 billion 1 September 2021[16] 3,700 32.00
 Turkey 444 billion 31 March 2022 [17] 5,155 55.00
 Greece 442 billion 31 December 2017[18] 42,800 298.00
 Mexico 437 billion 31 December 2017[19] 3,300 43.00
 Portugal 408 billion 31 December 2021[20] 39,478 128.00
 South Korea 407 billion 30 June 2017[21] 7,500 33.00
 Indonesia 395 billion September 2022[22] 1,431 30.00
 Poland 364 billion 30 June 2017[23] 9,500 60.00
 Argentina 273 billion 31 September 2020[24] 6,037 72.00
 Malaysia 229 billion 30 June 2021[25] 6,800 68.00
 Ireland  228 billion 31 December 2017[26] 49,000 701.00
 Ukraine 225 billion 30 June 2021[27] 2,200 81.00
 United Arab Emirates 220 billion 31 December 2016 est.[28] 23,500 59.00
 Saudi Arabia 201 billion 31 December 2016 est.[29] 6,100 31.00
 Mauritius 200 billion 30 June 2018[30] 148,000 2.01
 Taiwan 199 billion 30 June 2018[31] 7,400 28.00
 New Zealand 192 billion 31 March 2020[32] 38,400 90.00
 Chile 187 billion 31 March 2019[33] 9,771 82.00
 Puerto Rico (United States) 167 billion 31 January 2015 est. 47,800 164.00
 Kazakhstan 167 billion 31 March 2017[34] 9,100 91.00
 Qatar 159 billion 31 December 2016 est.[35] 68,100 83.00
 Egypt 158 billion March 2022 est.[36] 700.00 34.00
 Thailand 149 billion 31 December 2017[37] 2,170 33.00
 Hungary 148 billion 30 June 2017[38] 15,000 160.00
 South Africa 143 billion 31 December 2016[39] 2,600 57.00
 Czechia 138 billion 31 December 2016[40] 13,000 76.00
 Pakistan 122 billion 30 September 2021[41] 554.00 43.00
 Colombia 121 billion 31 January 2017[42] 2,500 57.00
 Cyprus 120 billion 30 June 2017[43] 97,200 849.00
 Venezuela 111 billion 30 September 2015[44] 3,500 23.00
 Romania 109 billion 31 July 2017[45] 5,100 58.00
 Malta 96.3 billion 30 June 2017[46] 223,000 691.00
 Sweden 94.9 billion 30 september 2022[47] 94,330 23.00
 Israel 89.4 billion 30 June 2017[48] 10,700 33.00
 Slovakia 86.6 billion 30 June 2017[49] 15,900 112.00
 Bangladesh 78.4 billion 16 October 2021[50] 460.00 22.00
 Peru 74.7 billion 31 December 2016[51] 2,300 44.00
 Philippines 72.5 billion 30 June 2017[52] 720.00 27.00
 Iraq 68 billion 31 December 2016 est.[53] 1,800 44.00
 Morocco 63.7 billion 1 March 2022[54] 1,400 46.00
 Slovenia 52 billion 30 April 2020[55] 25,000 104.00
 Vietnam 50.9 billion 31 December 2015[56] 500.00 26.00
 Kuwait 47.9 billion 31 December 2016 est.[57] 11,700 51.00
 Sri Lanka 46.6 billion 31 December 2016[58] 2,200 68.00
 Croatia 46.1 billion 30 June 2017[59] 10,700 89.00
 Sudan 45 billion 31 December 2015[60] 1,100 121.00
 Latvia 41.1 billion 30 June 2017[61] 21,200 126.00
 Bulgaria 40.4 billion 31 January 2018[62] 5,700 63.00
 Lebanon 39.6 billion 30 April 2022[63] 6,000 220.00
 Belarus 39 billion 30 June 2017[64] 4,000 66.00
 Angola 37.7 billion 31 December 2016 est.[65] 1,400 41.00
 Ecuador 36.7 billion 31 August 2017[66] 2,100 57.00
 Lithuania 36.4 billion 30 June 2017[67] 12,700 74.00
 Serbia 28 billion 30 June 2017[68] 3,200 62.00
 Jordan 27.8 billion 30 June 2017[69] 3,400 83.00
 Cuba 26.3 billion 31 December 2016 est.[70] 2,300 34.00
 Uruguay 26.1 billion 31 December 2016[71] 7,600 50.00
 Dominican Republic 26.1 billion 31 December 2016 est.[72] 2,400 36.00
 Mongolia 25.2 billion 30 June 2017[73] 7,800 245.00
 Tunisia 25.1 billion 31 December 2012[74] 2,200 97.00
 Costa Rica 24.9 billion 31 December 2016 est.[75] 5,100 43.00
 Iceland 24.4 billion 30 June 2017[76] 72,700 81.00
 Ethiopia 22.5 billion 31 December 2016 est.[77] 220.00 32.00
 Kenya 22.2 billion 30 June 2017[78] 370.00 26.00
 Papua New Guinea 22 billion 31 December 2016 est.[79] 2,800 111.00
 Trinidad & Tobago 21.5 billion 31 December 2016[80] 15,700 76.00
 Ghana 21.2 billion 31 December 2016 est.[81] 700.00 30.00
 Bahrain 21.2 billion 31 December 2016 est.[82] 14,900 66.00
 Oman 20.9 billion 31 December 2016 est.[83] 4,400 35.00
 Estonia 20.5 billion 31 December 2016[84] 15,700 89.00
 Guatemala 19.1 billion 31 December 2016 est.[85] 1,100 28.00
 Palau 18.4 billion 31 December 2014 est.[86] 846,000 6.21
 Panama 18.3 billion 28 February 2018[87] 4,400 157.00
 Bahamas 17.6 billion 31 December 2013 est.[88] 44,200 194.00
 Jamaica 16.8 billion 31 December 2016 est.[89] 6,000 122.00
 Monaco 16.5 billion 30 June 2010 est. 434,000 240.00
 Georgia 16.4 billion 30 June 2017[90] 3,900 128.00
 Paraguay 16.1 billion 31 December 2016[91] 2,400 54.00
 Tanzania 15.9 billion 31 December 2016 est.[92] 280.00 34.00
 Uzbekistan 15.8 billion 31 December 2016 est.[93] 500.00 24.00
 Nigeria 15 billion 30 June 2017[94] 60.00 2.00
 El Salvador 14.9 billion 31 December 2016 est.[95] 2,400 56.00
 Laos 12 billion 31 December 2016 est.[96] 1,700 53.00
 Nicaragua 11.1 billion 31 December 2016 est.[97] 1,800 83.00
 Zimbabwe 10.9 billion 31 December 2016 est.[98] 670.00 77.00
 Luxembourg 10.6 billion 31 March 2020 [99] 114,704 22.10
 Albania 10.5 billion 31 December 2020[100] 3,634 66.00
 Ivory Coast 10 billion 31 December 2015[101] 420.00 24.00
 Cambodia 9.82 billion 31 December 2016[102] 600.00 57.00
 Mozambique 9.55 billion 31 December 2016 est.[103] 320.00 72.00
 Zambia 9.27 billion 31 December 2016 est.[104] 540.00 45.00
 Honduras 8.04 billion 31 December 2016 est.[105] 1,000 38.00
 Kyrgyzstan 7.87 billion 31 December 2016[106] 1,300 112.00
 North Macedonia 7.65 billion 31 December 2016[107] 3,700 73.00
 Cameroon 7.38 billion 31 December 2016 est.[108] 300.00 24.00
 Yemen 7.19 billion 31 January 2015[109] 260.00 21.00
 Iran 7.12 billion 31 December 2016 est.[110] 90.00 2.00
 Azerbaijan 6.91 billion 31 December 2016[109] 1,300 22.00
 Moldova 6.59 billion 31 December 2016[111] 1,600 70.00
 Namibia 6.52 billion 31 December 2016 est.[112] 2,500 64.00
 Bolivia 6.34 billion 31 December 2015[91] 600.00 33.00
 Uganda 6.24 billion 31 December 2016 est.[113] 150.00 24.00
 Senegal 6.19 billion 31 December 2016 est.[114] 390.00 42.00
 Armenia 6.05 billion 31 December 2020[115] 2,043 102.00
 Myanmar 6.4 billion 31 December 2015[116] 120.00 17.00
 Syria 5.92 billion 31 December 2016 est.[103] 300.00 24.00
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 5.33 billion 31 December 2016 est.[117] 70.00 13.00
 Gabon 5.16 billion 31 December 2016 est.[118] 2,900 35.00
 North Korea 5 billion 2013 est.[119] 200.00 18.00
 Republic of the Congo 4.82 billion 31 December 2016 est.[120] 1,000 55.00
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 4.72 billion 30 June 2017[121] 1,300 23.00
 Barbados 4.49 billion 2010 est.[122] 15,700 100.00
 Montenegro 4.41 billion 26 March 2021[123] 6,742 151.00
 Madagascar 4.01 billion 31 December 2016 est.[124] 160.00 41.00
 Algeria 3.84 billion 31 December 2019[125] 89.00 2.00
 Mali 3.63 billion 31 December 2016 est.[126] 200.00 26.00
 Mauritania 3.59 billion 31 December 2016 est.[127] 840.00 76.00
 Libya 3.53 billion 31 December 2016 est.[128] 550.00 9.00
   Nepal 3.45 billion 31 July 2015[129] 120.00 16.00
 Burkina Faso 3.09 billion 31 December 2016 est.[130] 160.00 26.00
 Somalia 3.05 billion 31 December 2013 est.[131] 270.00 52.00
 Niger 2.73 billion 31 December 2016 est.[132] 130.00 36.00
 Seychelles 2.55 billion 31 December 2016 est.[133] 26,200 180.00
 Rwanda 2.44 billion 31 December 2016 est.[134] 200.00 29.00
 Bermuda (UK) 2.44 billion 2015 est.[135] 39,700 47.00
 Kosovo 2.39 billion 30 June 2017[136] 1,200 37.00
 Benin 2.34 billion 31 December 2016 est.[137] 200.00 26.00
 Tajikistan 2.27 billion 31 December 2016[138] 260.00 38.00
 Bhutan 2.26 billion 31 December 2016 est.[139] 2,900 108.00
 Haiti 2.02 billion 31 December 2016 est.[140] 180.00 24.00
 Malawi 1.92 billion 31 December 2016 est.[141] 100.00 39.00
 South Sudan 1.92 billion 2017[142] 167.00 62.70
 Chad 1.88 billion 31 December 2016 est.[143] 130.00 18.00
 Botswana 1.69 billion 31 March 2017[144] 720.00 8.00
 Palestine 1.66 billion 31 March 2016 est.[145] 340.00 35.00
 Cape Verde 1.66 billion 31 December 2016 est.[146] 3,100 99.00
 Sierra Leone 1.56 billion 31 December 2016 est.[147] 230.00 36.00
 Equatorial Guinea 1.36 billion 31 December 2016 est.[148] 1,500 12.00
 Djibouti 1.34 billion 31 December 2016 est.[149] 1,500 71.00
 Guinea 1.33 billion 31 December 2016 est.[134] 100.00 20.00
 Belize 1.33 billion 31 December 2016 est.[148] 3,500 75.00
 Afghanistan 1.28 billion FY-2010/11[150] 40.00 7.00
 Suriname 1.24 billion 31 December 2016 est.[151] 2,200 30.00
 Togo 1.17 billion 31 December 2016 est.[152] 150.00 26.00
 Guyana 1.14 billion 31 December 2015[153] 1,500 36.00
 Andorra 1.11 billion 2014 est.[154] 14,345 41.00
 Liberia 1.11 billion 31 December 2016 est.[155] 230.00 51.00
 Guinea-Bissau 1.1 billion 31 December 2010 est.[156] 570.00 94.00
 Lesotho 949 million 31 December 2016 est.[157] 430.00 53.00
 Faroe Islands (Denmark) 889 million 2010[158] 18,400 38.00
 Fiji 833 million 31 December 2016 est.[159] 900.00 18.00
 Eritrea 820 million 31 December 2016 est.[160] 150.00 15.00
 Maldives 742 million 2014 est.[161] 2,000 23.00
 Burundi 705 million 31 December 2016 est.[162] 60.00 26.00
 Aruba 693 million 31 December 2014 est.[163] 6,600 28.00
 Central African Republic 687 million 31 December 2016 est.[164] 130.00 39.00
 Grenada 679 million 2013 est.[165] 6,300 66.00
 Gambia 542 million 31 December 2016 est.[166] 260.00 61.00
 Saint Lucia 513 million 31 December 2016 est.[167] 2,700 36.00
 Turkmenistan 503 million 31 December 2016 est.[168] 90.00 1.00
 Solomon Islands 492 million 31 December 2013 est.[169] 800.00 40.00
 Eswatini 471 million 31 December 2016 est.[170] 360.00 14.00
 Samoa 447 million 31 December 2013 est.[171] 2,300 51.00
 Antigua and Barbuda 441 million 31 December 2012[172] 4,700 34.00
 San Marino 352 million 2016[173] 10,604 23.00
 Brunei 340 million 2017[174] 27,200 2.80
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 321 million 31 December 2016 est.[175] 2,900 42.00
 Timor-Leste 312 million 31 December 2014 est.[176] 250.00 12.00
 Dominica 289 million 31 December 2016 est.[177] 3,900 55.00
 Cook Islands (New Zealand) 281 million 31 December 2011[178] 13,400 23.00
 Sao Tome and Principe 237 million 31 December 2016 est.[179] 1,200 67.00
 Tonga 233 million 31 December 2016 est.[180] 2,200 54.00
 Vanuatu 208 million 31 December 2016 est.[181] 750.00 27.00
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 188 million 31 December 2016 est.[182] 3,300 20.00
 Comoros 133 million 31 December 2016 est.[183] 160.00 21.00
 New Caledonia (France) 112 million 31 December 2013 est.[184] 420.00 1.00
 Marshall Islands 98 million 2013 est.[185] 1,800 52.00
 Micronesia 93.6 million 2013 est.[186] 900.00 29.00
 Cayman Islands (UK) 79 million 1998 est. 2,100 7.00
 Greenland (Denmark) 36.4 million 2010[187] 650.00 2.00
 Nauru 33.3 million 2004 est.[188] 3,200 22.00
 British Virgin Islands (UK) 17.7 million 31 December 2016[189] 570.00 2.00
 Tuvalu (Tuvalu) 14.8 million 2017 est.[190] 1,224 37.00
 Kiribati 13.6 million 2013 est.[191] 120.00 8.00
 Anguilla (UK) 8.8 million 1998[192] 590.00 5.00
 Wallis and Futuna (France) 3.67 million 2004[193] 280.00 6.00
 Montserrat (UK) 1.04 million 31 December 2011[194] 200.00 2.00
 Liechtenstein 0.00 2001[195] 0.00 0.00
 Niue (New Zealand) 0.00 27 October 2016[196] 0.00 0.00

See also[edit]

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External links[edit]