List of countries by food energy intake

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Map of average daily dietary energy availability per capita in 2006–2008.[1]
  no data
  <1,600 kcal (6,700 kJ)
  1,600–1,800 kcal (6,700–7,500 kJ)
  1,800–2,000 kcal (7,500–8,400 kJ)
  2,000–2,200 kcal (8,400–9,200 kJ)
  2,200–2,400 kcal (9,200–10,000 kJ)
  2,400–2,600 kcal (10,000–11,000 kJ)
  2,600–2,800 kcal (11,000–12,000 kJ)
  2,800–3,000 kcal (12,000–13,000 kJ)
  3,000–3,200 kcal (13,000–13,000 kJ)
  3,200–3,400 kcal (13,000–14,000 kJ)
  3,400–3,600 kcal (14,000–15,000 kJ)
  >3,600 kcal (15,000 kJ)
Daily supply of calories per person in different countries, 1700 to 2018

Food consumption is the amount of food available for human consumption as estimated by Our World in Data. However, the actual food consumption may be lower than the quantity shown as food availability depends on the magnitude of wastage and losses of food in the household, for example during storage, in preparation and cooking, as plate-waste or quantities fed to domestic animals and pets, thrown or given away.[2]

According to the FAO, the average minimum daily energy requirement is about 1,800 kilocalories (7,500 kJ) per person.[3] Although this data is presented in kilocalorie format, most countries today use the SI unit kilojoules as their primary measurement for food energy intake,[4] the with the exception of the USA,[5] Canada,[6] and the UK, which requires both.[7]

Rank Country Average daily dietary energy consumption per capita[8]
kilocalories Year
1  Ireland 3,885 2018
2  United States 3,782 2018
3  Belgium 3,769 2018
4  Turkey 3,711 2018
5  Austria 3,695 2018
6  Iceland 3,654 2018
7  Romania 3,581 2018
8  Canada 3,566 2018
9  Germany 3,554 2018
10  Poland 3,537 2018
11  Israel 3,528 2018
12  Italy 3,503 2018
13  France 3,502 2018
14  Montenegro 3,500 2018
15  Portugal 3,480 2018
16  Kuwait 3,471 2018
17  Luxembourg 3,465 2018
18  Tunisia 3,450 2018
19  South Korea 3,420 2018
20  Malta 3,420 2018
21  Morocco 3,412 2018
22  Lithuania 3,411 2018
23  Denmark 3,401 2018
24  Australia 3,391 2018
25  Greece 3,382 2018
26  Norway 3,371 2018
27  Albania 3,360 2018
28  Switzerland 3,354 2018
29  Russia 3,345 2018
30  United Kingdom 3,344 2018
31  Cuba 3,344 2018
32  Finland 3,343 2018
33  Algeria 3,322 2018
33  Spain 3,322 2018
35  Hungary 3,316 2018
36  United Arab Emirates 3,314 2018
37  Argentina 3,307 2018
38  Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,307 2018
39  Saudi Arabia 3,307 2018
40  Brazil 3,301 2018
41  Netherlands 3,297 2018
42  Egypt 3,292 2018
43  Czech Republic 3,277 2018
44  Belarus 3,270 2018
45  Hong Kong 3,267 2018
46  Estonia 3,247 2018
47  Latvia 3,229 2018
48  China 3,206 2018
49  Uruguay 3,202 2018
50  New Zealand 3,191 2018
51  Slovenia 3,191 2018
52  Sweden 3,184 2018
53  Mexico 3,157 2018
54  Azerbaijan 3,149 2018
55  Colombia 3,114 2018
56  Ukraine 3,102 2018
57  Iran 3,087 2018
58  Kiribati 3,078 2018
59  Croatia 3,074 2018
60  North Macedonia 3,072 2018
61  Kazakhstan 3,067 2018
62  Mauritius 3,051 2018
63  Ghana 3,035 2018
64  Samoa 3,030 2018
65  Chile 3,029 2018
66  Costa Rica 3,029 2018
67  Vietnam 3,025 2018
68  Cyprus 3,019 2018
69  Uzbekistan 3,011 2018
70  Armenia 2,997 2018
71  Trinidad and Tobago 2,991 2018
72  Brunei 2,985 2013
73  Taiwan 2,983 2018
74  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2,968 2018
75  Barbados 2,956 2018
76  Dominica 2,952 2018
77  Oman 2,940 2018
78  Guyana 2,913 2018
79  South Africa 2,899 2018
80  Dominican Republic 2,892 2018
81  Indonesia 2,884 2018
82  Mauritania 2,877 2018
83  Mali 2,873 2018
84  Slovakia 2,871 2018
85  New Caledonia (France) 2,858 2017
86  Lebanon 2,857 2018
87  Bulgaria 2,854 2018
88  Panama 2,851 2018
89  Malaysia 2,845 2018
90  Georgia 2,835 2018
91  Turkmenistan 2,830 2018
92  Serbia 2,828 2018
93  Thailand 2,804 2018
94  Jamaica 2,792 2018
95  Fiji 2,781 2018
96  Ivory Coast 2,778 2018
97  Peru 2,775 2018
98  Belize 2,775 2018
99    Nepal 2,769 2018
100  Paraguay 2,768 2018
101  Laos 2,758 2018
102  Benin 2,755 2018
103  Guinea 2,746 2018
104  Burkina Faso 2,737 2018
105  Sri Lanka 2,737 2018
106  Cameroon 2,733 2018
107  Jordan 2,732 2018
108  Kyrgyzstan 2,729 2018
109  Japan 2,705 2018
110  Suriname 2,698 2018
111  El Salvador 2,696 2018
112  Djibouti 2,694 2018
113  Honduras 2,673 2018
114  Myanmar 2,673 2018
115  Philippines 2,662 2018
116  Bahamas 2,655 2018
117  Gabon 2,633 2018
118  Saint Lucia 2,618 2018
119  Iraq 2,608 2018
120  Vanuatu 2,607 2018
121  Ecuador 2,606 2018
122  Niger 2,601 2018
123  Nicaragua 2,582 2018
124  Saint Kitts and Nevis 2,582 2018
125  Mongolia 2,579 2018
126  Sudan 2,578 2018
127  Nigeria 2,572 2018
128  Bangladesh 2,563 2018
129  Guatemala 2,551 2018
130  Senegal 2,545 2018
131  Cape Verde 2,541 2018
132  India 2,533 2018
133  Gambia 2,533 2018
134  Cambodia 2,492 2018
135  Pakistan 2,486 2018
136  Namibia 2,469 2018
137  São Tomé and Príncipe 2,446 2018
138  Antigua and Barbuda 2,445 2018
139  Togo 2,443 2018
140  Eswatini 2,426 2018
141  Solomon Islands 2,415 2018
142  Bolivia 2,412 2018
143  Grenada 2,402 2018
144  Malawi 2,392 2018
145  Angola 2,385 2018
146  Moldova 2,383 2018
147  Tanzania 2,373 2018
148  Sierra Leone 2,369 2018
149  Botswana 2,342 2018
150  Ethiopia 2,338 2018
151  Lesotho 2,323 2018
152  Timor-Leste 2,287 2018
153  Republic of the Congo 2,285 2018
154  Maldives 2,235 2018
155  Guinea-Bissau 2,229 2018
156  Kenya 2,197 2018
157  Rwanda 2,188 2018
158  Liberia 2,168 2018
159  Yemen 2,154 2018
160  Haiti 2,121 2018
161  Venezuela 2,120 2018
162  Chad 2,115 2018
163  Tajikistan 2,109 2018
164  Mozambique 2,103 2018
165  Afghanistan 2,040 2018
166  North Korea 2,019 2018
167  Zambia 2,002 2018
168  Uganda 1,981 2018
169  Madagascar 1,938 2018
170  Zimbabwe 1,908 2018
171  Central African Republic 1,786 2018

Historical development[edit]

Daily supply of calories per person in word regions, 1961 to 2018

Regions of the world by food consumption per capita in kilocalories per capita per day from 1961 to 2018.

Average daily dietary energy consumption per capita in kilocalories[9]
Region 1961 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2018
Africa 1,835 1,931 2,037 2,100 2,218 2,354 2,331
Asia 1,774 2,029 2,153 2,376 2,556 2,696 2,812
Europe 2,996 3,208 3,301 3,350 3,260 3,378 3,416
North America 2,685 2,809 2,990 3,164 3,363 3,321 3,471
Oceania 2,564 2,608 2,517 2,565 2,379 2,500 2,587
South America 2,327 2,464 2,664 2,597 2,790 2,990 3,084
World 2,162 2,349 2,446 2,574 2,679 2,778 2,861

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "FAO Food Consumption Nutrients spreadsheet - 2008". Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Retrieved February 18, 2009.
  2. ^ "ESS: Food Security Statistics - Metadata". Archived from the original on 2010-07-28. Retrieved 2011-02-04.
  3. ^ "Hunger Portal". FAO. Retrieved 2012-09-28.
  4. ^ "You Say Calorie, We Say Kilojoule Who's Right?". www.coca-colacompany.com. Retrieved 2022-11-16.
  5. ^ Nutrition, Center for Food Safety and Applied (2022-02-25). "Calories on the New Nutrition Facts Label". FDA.
  6. ^ Canada, Health (2012-01-12). "Calories". www.canada.ca. Retrieved 2022-11-16.
  7. ^ Population Health Division/ 10800, ed. (September 2016). Technical guidance on nutrition labelling (PDF). p. 13.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  8. ^ Roser, Max; Ritchie, Hannah (2013-03-05). "Food Supply". Our World in Data.
  9. ^ "Daily supply of calories per person". Retrieved 2022-03-27.