List of countries by foreign-exchange reserves

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Foreign-exchange reserves (also called Forex reserves) are, in a strict sense, only the foreign-currency deposits held by national central banks and monetary authorities (See List of countries by foreign-exchange reserves (excluding gold)). However, in popular usage and in the list below, it also includes gold reserves, special drawing rights (SDRs) and International Monetary Fund (IMF) reserve position because this total figure, which is usually more accurately termed as official reserves or international reserves or official international reserves, is more readily available.

These foreign-currency deposits are the financial assets of the central banks and monetary authorities that are held in different reserve currencies (e.g. the U.S. dollar, the Euro, the Japanese yen and the Pound sterling) and which are used to back its liabilities (e.g. the local currency issued and the various bank reserves deposited with the central bank by the government or financial institutions). Before the end of the gold standard, gold was the preferred reserve currency. Some nations are converting foreign-exchange reserves into sovereign wealth funds, which can rival foreign-exchange reserves in size.

The list below is mostly based on the latest available IMF data and includes both sovereign states and non-sovereign territories (such as Hong Kong and Macau, which are under the sovereignty of the People's Republic of China). While most nations report in U.S. dollars, a few nations in Eastern Europe report solely in Euros. And since all the figures below are in U.S. dollar equivalence, exchange rate fluctuations can have a significant impact on these figures.

For consistency, forward currency swap contracts are not included in this list until they mature; figures that include them may be higher or lower than those listed here. IMF or other outstanding loans are also not shown here; if they were accounted for, many nations would list lower.

Rank Country Foreign exchange reserves
(Millions of US$)
Figures as of
1  China[1] 3,784,838 Mar 2015[1]
2  Japan 1,242,935 Jun 2015[2]
3  Saudi Arabia 686,431 Apr 2015[3]
4   Switzerland 599,404 May 2015[4]
5  Republic of China (Taiwan) 423,171 Apr 2015[5]
6  South Korea 374,750 Jun 2015[6][7]
7  Brazil 366,647 May 2015[8]
8  Russia 361,571 Jun 2015[9][10][11]
9  India 354,518 Jul 2015[12][13]
-  Hong Kong 340,768 Jun 2015[14]
10  Singapore 253,280 Jun 2015[15]
11  Mexico 194,306 Jun 2015[16][17]
12  Algeria 193,600 Dec 2014[18]
13  Germany 188,310 Jun 2015[19]
14  Thailand 160,274 Jun 2015[20]
15  United Kingdom 153,894 Jun 2015[21]
16  France 140,531 May 2015[22]
17  Italy 140,106 May 2015[23]
18  United States 120,820 Jun 2015[24]
19  Turkey 119,608 Jun 2015[25]
20  Indonesia 110,771 May 2015[26]
21  Iran[2] 110,000 Dec 2014[18]
22  Malaysia 105,478 Jun 2015[27][28]
23  Libya 105,000 Dec 2014[18]
24  Poland 104,061 Jun 2015[29]
25  Denmark 99,168 May 2015[30]
26  Israel 88,339 Jun 2015[31]
27  Philippines 80,644 Jun 2015[32][33]
28  Canada 76,395 Jun 2015[34]
29  United Arab Emirates 74,700 Dec 2014[18]
30  Iraq 74,000 Dec 2014[18]
31  Norway 65,437 Jun 2015[35][36]
32  Sweden 60,100 Jun 2015[37]
33  Peru 59,348 July 7, 2015[38]
34  Australia 51,672 Jun 2015[39]
35  Spain 55,182 May 2015[40]
36  Czech Republic 54,461 May 2015[41]
37  Lebanon 49,430 Dec 2014[18]
38  Colombia 46,478 Jun 2015[42]
39  South Africa 46,437 May 2015[43]
40  Qatar 41,036 Apr 2015[44]
41  Hungary 40,751 May 2015[45]
42  Netherlands 40,453 Jun 2015[46]
43  Chile 38,723 May 2015[47]
44  Kuwait 38,500 Dec 2014[18]
45  Romania 37,116 May 2015[48]
46  Vietnam 35,700 Dec 2014[18]
47  Angola 33,590 Dec 2014[18]
48  Argentina 33,283 May 2015[49]
49  Nigeria 29,830 Apr 2015[50]
50  Kazakhstan 28,723 May 2015[51]
51  Turkmenistan 27,040 Dec 2014[18]
52  Belgium 25,110 Apr 2015[52]
53  Bangladesh 25,021 Jun 2015[53]
54  Austria 24,620 Apr 2015[54]
55  Bulgaria 21,833 Apr 2015[55]
56  Morocco 20,970 Dec 2014[18]
57  Venezuela 20,200 Dec 2014[18]
58  Portugal 19,695 May 2015[56]
59  Uruguay 18,485 May 2015[57]
60  Uzbekistan 18,000 Dec 2014[18]
61  Oman 17,850 Dec 2014[18]
62  New Zealand 17,807 Apr 2015[58]
63  Azerbaijan 17,710 Dec 2014[18]
-  Macau 17,195 Apr 2015[59]
64  Jordan 16,270 Apr 2015[60]
65  Croatia 16,218 Apr 2015[61]
66  Pakistan 15,692 May 2015[62]
67  Bolivia 15,380 Dec 2014[18]
68  Egypt 15,130 Dec 2014[18]
69  Serbia 13,700 Dec 2014[18]
70  Trinidad and Tobago 11,317 Dec 2014[63]
71  Cuba 10,400 Dec 2014[18]
72  Finland 10,259 May 2015[64]
73  Ukraine 9,918 May 2015[65]
74  Kenya 9,259 Dec 2014[18]
75  Botswana 8,885 Dec 2014[18]
76  Burma 8,727 Dec 2014[18]
77  Costa Rica 8,444 Apr 2015[66]
78  Sri Lanka 8,314 Dec 2014[18]
79  Guatemala 7,717 Apr 2015[67]
80  Paraguay 7,241 Dec 2014[18]
81  Tunisia 7,198 Dec 2014[18]
82  Ecuador 6,811 Dec 2014[18]
83  Afghanistan 6,442 Dec 2013[18]
84  Bahrain 6,011 Dec 2014[18]
85  Cambodia 5,801 Dec 2014[18]
86  Greece 5,756 May 2015[68]
87  Ghana 5,482 Dec 2014[18]
88    Nepal 5,439 Dec 2013[18]
89  Republic of the Congo 5,200 Dec 2014[18]
90  Tanzania 4,758 Dec 2014[18]
91  Ivory Coast 4,752 Dec 2014[18]
92  Bosnia and Herzegovina 4,750 Dec 2014[18]
93  Yemen 4,688 Dec 2014[18]
94  Belarus 4,571 Apr 2015[69]
95  Dominican Republic 4,503 Dec 2014[18]
96  Iceland 4,373 May 2015[70]
97  Mauritius 3,919 Dec 2014[71]
98  Ethiopia 3,785 Dec 2014[18]
99  Uganda 3,711 Dec 2014[18]
100  Papua New Guinea 3,647 Dec 2014[18]
101  Honduras 3,587 Apr 2015[72]
102  Cameroon 3,503 Dec 2014[18]
103  Latvia 3,349 May 2015[73]
104  Mozambique 3,334 Dec 2014[18]
105  Panama 3,048 Dec 2014[18]
106  Zambia 3,000 Dec 2014[18]
107  Macedonia 2,869 Dec 2014[18]
108  Albania 2,825 Dec 2014[18]
109  Equatorial Guinea 2,763 Dec 2014[18]
110  Georgia 2,699 Dec 2014[74]
111  El Salvador 2,693 Dec 2014[75]
112  Slovakia 2,634 Dec 2014[76]
113  Nicaragua 2,447 May 2015[77]
114  Gabon 2,397 Dec 2014[18]
115  Moldova 2,157 Dec 2014[78]
116  Jamaica 2,100 Dec 2014[18]
117  Senegal 1,950 Dec 2014[18]
118  Democratic Republic of the Congo 1,872 Dec 2014[18]
119  Kyrgyzstan 1,855 Dec 2014[79]
120  Ireland 1,792 Dec 2014[80]
121  Syria 1,725 Dec 2014[18]
122  Namibia 1,651 Dec 2014[18]
123  Mongolia 1,650 Dec 2014[81]
124  Armenia 1,489 Dec 2014[82]
125  Chad 1,389 Dec 2014[18]
126  Haiti 1,355 Dec 2014[18]
127  Rwanda 1,128 Dec 2014[18]
128  Lesotho 1,101 Dec 2014[18]
129  Lithuania 1,069 May 2015[83]
130  Slovenia 1,017 Dec 2014[84]
131  Suriname 1,008 Dec 2013[18]
132  Madagascar 1,005 Dec 2014[18]
133  Fiji 981 Dec 2014[18]
134  Cyprus 899 Apr 2015[85]
135  Laos 846 Dec 2013[18]
136  Bahamas 830 Dec 2013[18]
137  Luxembourg 804 Apr 2015[86]
138  Benin 801 Dec 2013[18]
139  Swaziland 801 Dec 2013[18]
140  Guyana 779 Dec 2014[18]
141  Barbados 713 Dec 2013[18]
142  Tajikistan 652 Dec 2014[18]
143  Malta 619 Dec 2014[87]
144  Togo 531 Dec 2013[18]
145  Burkina Faso 494 Dec 2014[18]
146  Estonia 437 Dec 2014[88]
147  Zimbabwe 437 Dec 2013[18]
148  Cape Verde 426 Dec 2013[18]
149  Montenegro 400 Dec 2013[18]
150  Malawi 364 Dec 2013[18]
151  Seychelles 362 Dec 2013[18]
152  Maldives 356 Dec 2013[18]
153  Burundi 314 Dec 2013[18]
154  San Marino 309 Dec 2013[18]
155  Belize 273 Dec 2013[18]
156  Gambia 251 Dec 2013[18]
157  Sudan 202 Dec 2013[18]
158  Eritrea 193 Dec 2013[18]
159  Guinea 183 Dec 2013[18]
160  Vanuatu 174 Dec 2013[18]
161  Samoa 169 Dec 2013[18]
162  Tonga 147 Dec 2013[18]
163  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 115 Dec 2013[18]
164  Dominica 90 Dec 2013[18]
165  Federated States of Micronesia 75 Dec 2013[18]
166  São Tomé and Príncipe 47 Dec 2013[18]
167  Montserrat 32 Dec 2013[18]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Hong Kong and Macau report separate figures.
  2. ^ The Iranian government does not report the foreign exchange reserves as a matter of policy and all figures are estimates calculated by international or foreign institutes, which are occasionally endorsed by Iranian officials without disclosing the exact numbers.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The time-series data of International Investment Position of China, Quarterly". State Administration of Foreign Exchange. 
  2. ^ IMF - Japan
  3. ^ "Table(9): RESERVE ASSETS (on page 18 of the pdf file; US$1 = 3.75 Saudi riyal)" (PDF). Saudi Arabian Monetary Agency. 
  4. ^ IMF - Switzerland
  5. ^ "Central Bank of the Republic of China (Taiwan) — Foreign Exchange Reserves (including gold)" (PDF). 
  6. ^ IMF - Korea, Republic of
  7. ^ Bank of Korea - Official Foreign Reserves
  8. ^ IMF - Brazil
  9. ^ IMF - Russia
  10. ^ International Reserves of the Russian Federation, Monthly values | Bank of Russia
  11. ^ International Reserves of the Russian Federation, Weekly values | Bank of Russia
  12. ^ IMF - India
  13. ^ Reserve Bank of India
  14. ^ Hong Kong Monetary Authority - Press Release
  15. ^ Monetary Authority of Singapore ─ International Reserves and Foreign Currency Liquidity
  16. ^ IMF - Mexico
  17. ^ Banco de Mexico - Information structure details
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl "The World Factbook: Reserves of foreign exchange and gold". Central Intelligence Agency. 
  19. ^ IMF - Germany
  20. ^ Bank of Thailand - International Reserves and Foreign Currency Liquidity
  21. ^ IMF - United Kingdom
  22. ^ IMF - France
  23. ^ IMF - Italy
  24. ^ IMF - United States
  25. ^ IMF - Turkey
  26. ^ IMF - Indonesia
  27. ^ IMF - Malaysia
  28. ^ Bank Negara Malaysia - International Reserves and Foreign Currency Liquidity
  29. ^ IMF - Poland
  30. ^ IMF - Denmark
  31. ^ IMF - Israel
  32. ^ IMF - Philippines
  33. ^ Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas - INTERNATIONAL RESERVES AND FOREIGN CURRENCY LIQUIDITY
  34. ^ IMF - Canada
  35. ^ IMF - Norway
  36. ^ International reserves and foreign currency liquidity - monthly, preliminary figures - Tables - SSB (Statistics Norway)
  37. ^ IMF - Sweden
  38. ^ IMF- Peru
  39. ^ IMF - Australia
  40. ^ IMF - Spain
  41. ^ IMF - Czech Republic
  42. ^ IMF - Colombia
  43. ^ IMF - South Africa
  44. ^ "Qatar Central Bank - Monthly Monetary Bulletin (in Table 11, "QCB's International Reserves", of the Excel file; US$1 = 3.64 Qatari riyal)". Qatar Central Bank. 
  45. ^ IMF - Hungary
  46. ^ IMF - Netherlands
  47. ^ IMF - Chile
  48. ^ IMF - Romania
  49. ^ IMF - Argentina
  50. ^ Central Bank of Nigeria - Statistics Database
  51. ^ IMF - Kazakhstan
  52. ^ IMF - Belgium
  53. ^ Bangladesh Bank - Central Bank of Bangladesh
  54. ^ IMF - Austria
  55. ^ IMF - Bulgaria
  56. ^ IMF - Portugal
  57. ^ IMF - Uruguay
  58. ^ IMF - New Zealand
  59. ^ MONETARY AUTHORITY OF MACAO
  60. ^ IMF - Jordan
  61. ^ IMF - Croatia
  62. ^ State Bank of Pakistan - The Central Bank: New template for the reserve assets
  63. ^ Foreign Reserves Monthly | Central Bank of Trinidad and Tobago
  64. ^ IMF - Finland
  65. ^ IMF - Ukraine
  66. ^ IMF - Costa Rica
  67. ^ IMF - Guatemala
  68. ^ IMF - Greece
  69. ^ IMF - Belarus
  70. ^ IMF - Iceland
  71. ^ IMF - Mauritius
  72. ^ IMF - Honduras
  73. ^ IMF - Latvia
  74. ^ IMF - Georgia
  75. ^ IMF - El Salvador
  76. ^ IMF - Slovak Republic
  77. ^ IMF - Nicaragua
  78. ^ IMF - Moldova
  79. ^ IMF - Kyrgyz Republic
  80. ^ IMF - Ireland
  81. ^ "Bank of Mongolia statistics"
  82. ^ IMF - Armenia, Republic of
  83. ^ IMF - Lithuania
  84. ^ IMF - Slovenia
  85. ^ IMF - Cyprus
  86. ^ IMF - Luxembourg
  87. ^ IMF - Malta
  88. ^ IMF - Estonia

External links[edit]