List of countries by future gross government debt

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This is a list of countries by estimated future gross[clarification needed] central government debt based on data released in April 2018 by the International Monetary Fund, with figures in percentage of national GDP.

Projected debt estimates[edit]

Gross government debt (sortable; in percent of GDP)
Country 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024
 Afghanistan 7.004 7.079 6.884 7.030 7.263 7.532 7.776 8.057
 Albania 71.871 68.590 65.125 63.311 60.355 58.517 56.029 55.825
 Algeria 27.455 36.872 46.918 48.895 49.427 47.429 42.960 43.340
 Angola 68.544 88.087 90.456 82.767 79.681 75.426 70.892 66.089
 Antigua and Barbuda 87.665 88.121 88.348 89.055 90.415 92.487 95.724 99.180
 Argentina 57.111 86.289 75.901 69.041 65.145 62.794 60.675 59.516
 Armenia 48.290 48.493 47.952 48.198 48.539 49.478 49.962 50.248
 Aruba 86.042 83.941 83.572 81.949 79.839 77.605 75.251 72.788
 Australia 40.670 40.672 41.098 40.554 39.735 38.877 37.520 36.374
 Austria 78.489 74.243 71.168 68.395 66.117 64.317 62.652 61.160
 Azerbaijan 22.574 19.382 17.586 15.021 12.691 11.085 9.628 8.273
Baha The Bahamas 54.582 60.965 60.492 59.132 57.527 56.018 54.426 52.929
 Bahrain 88.238 93.373 100.189 103.615 106.206 108.652 111.178 113.775
 Bangladesh 32.479 34.759 34.813 34.473 34.064 33.698 33.295 32.766
 Barbados 157.540 124.536 117.274 110.102 103.143 96.401 90.461 86.181
 Belarus 53.160 47.831 51.081 51.945 50.411 50.361 50.715 51.199
 Belgium 103.403 101.387 99.568 98.054 96.441 94.740 93.067 90.998
 Belize 94.426 94.750 92.637 90.527 88.362 86.274 84.148 83.335
 Benin 54.438 54.645 53.998 51.469 48.452 45.368 42.206 38.682
 Bhutan 106.313 102.588 103.848 107.897 105.550 96.691 83.501 77.567
 Bolivia 50.889 53.920 57.111 58.014 58.573 58.778 58.942 58.267
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 39.049 36.998 36.335 36.409 35.405 33.887 32.358 30.940
 Botswana 14.064 12.918 12.775 13.368 13.101 12.425 11.399 10.393
 Brazil 84.052 87.877 90.360 92.409 94.122 95.606 96.538 97.629
 Brunei 2.825 2.491 2.633 2.482 2.331 2.212 2.145 2.144
 Bulgaria 23.291 20.518 19.331 18.172 17.136 15.197 13.427 11.803
 Burkina Faso 38.419 42.957 42.465 42.148 41.870 41.654 41.458 41.260
 Burundi 51.712 58.440 63.542 69.095 75.178 88.870 104.115 121.896
 Cabo Verde 124.640 127.712 125.290 120.802 115.743 110.665 105.519 99.902
 Cambodia 29.958 29.361 29.572 29.649 30.691 32.327 34.315 35.910
 Cameroon 36.931 37.745 38.111 37.441 36.519 35.573 34.539 33.424
 Canada 90.093 90.630 88.013 84.679 81.254 77.990 74.854 72.046
 Central African Republic 52.862 48.536 42.247 39.229 36.393 33.779 31.464 29.410
 Chad 52.435 46.565 42.912 38.426 34.659 31.078 27.995 24.697
 Chile 23.540 25.561 27.168 28.131 28.700 28.784 28.658 28.275
 China 46.787 50.463 55.362 59.512 63.228 66.678 69.658 72.421
 Colombia 49.776 50.479 49.160 47.255 45.105 43.194 41.371 39.168
 Comoros 31.795 31.199 35.075 36.287 37.535 39.369 40.276 41.027
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 18.105 15.651 14.008 13.201 10.788 9.876 7.984 5.161
 Republic of the Congo 125.366 98.465 90.189 83.685 79.378 76.818 70.915 60.545
 Costa Rica 48.592 53.543 56.150 58.302 60.148 61.086 61.408 61.000
 Croatia 77.661 73.860 70.734 67.825 65.006 62.261 59.565 57.367
 Cyprus 95.753 102.544 101.043 94.323 89.467 79.585 72.981 67.264
 Czech Republic 34.663 32.958 31.571 30.669 29.944 28.134 26.374 25.072
 Côte d'Ivoire 49.839 52.202 50.918 49.111 48.382 47.402 46.754 47.202
 Denmark 34.775 34.269 33.613 32.871 35.173 37.259 38.926 39.464
 Djibouti 68.988 67.378 62.986 58.732 53.346 47.402 41.736 36.473
 Dominica 78.551 83.146 79.842 82.259 83.274 82.244 80.506 78.153
 Dominican Republic 40.816 41.640 41.922 41.961 42.263 42.503 42.862 43.183
 Ecuador 44.617 46.132 49.199 46.777 45.207 40.794 36.610 33.407
 Egypt 103.161 92.618 86.927 84.640 81.330 79.273 75.529 72.758
 El Salvador 67.322 67.070 68.098 68.672 68.768 68.957 69.425 70.087
 Equatorial Guinea 38.018 35.855 37.486 36.988 39.302 41.254 42.732 43.151
 Eritrea 131.244 129.416 127.343 136.205 132.246 127.563 124.101 120.402
 Estonia 8.747 8.050 7.613 7.184 6.778 6.410 6.082 5.791
 Eswatini (Swaziland) 29.156 34.859 41.113 43.061 42.637 42.793 43.228 43.569
 Ethiopia 58.986 61.089 57.428 56.325 55.322 54.947 53.965 53.478
European Union Eurozone 86.848 84.958 83.591 81.828 80.256 78.639 77.152 75.700
 European Union 83.316 81.626 80.239 78.597 77.232 75.786 74.400 73.026
 Fiji 48.177 49.672 50.221 50.427 50.434 50.365 50.164 50.053
 Finland 61.294 60.517 59.881 58.955 58.514 56.805 55.038 53.292
 France 98.501 98.594 99.196 98.680 98.241 97.647 96.951 96.225
 Gabon 62.644 58.194 58.482 55.743 51.822 47.420 43.937 41.750
Ga The Gambia 87.913 83.150 78.669 75.191 72.306 70.024 67.403 64.559
 Georgia 45.087 44.543 45.045 43.912 42.761 41.839 41.108 41.015
 Germany 63.856 59.754 56.934 53.819 51.099 48.481 46.024 43.702
 Ghana 57.266 59.560 61.991 60.021 58.199 56.274 52.686 50.204
 Greece 179.275 183.257 174.151 167.266 160.934 153.790 147.177 143.197
 Grenada 69.903 63.070 56.122 48.611 45.860 45.380 45.096 43.579
 Guatemala 24.715 24.474 24.759 25.279 25.362 25.874 26.258 26.454
 Guinea 40.414 38.731 45.975 45.301 42.862 40.966 39.440 37.604
 Guinea-Bissau 53.908 56.110 54.918 51.768 50.156 48.893 46.837 44.836
 Guyana 52.195 56.984 57.217 54.220 50.867 50.038 39.689 33.298
 Haiti 30.960 33.020 36.235 36.723 37.006 37.268 37.353 37.352
 Honduras 39.108 40.281 40.804 41.027 40.665 39.769 39.384 37.598
 Hong Kong 0.055 0.052 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
 Hungary 73.251 69.393 66.618 64.975 63.507 62.238 60.974 59.877
 Iceland 43.084 35.428 33.133 30.138 27.839 25.653 23.335 22.039
 India 69.836 69.794 69.037 67.806 66.480 65.271 64.161 63.115
 Indonesia 28.937 29.196 29.288 29.003 28.994 28.987 28.816 28.501
 Iran 39.530 33.184 30.035 27.263 25.725 25.146 25.388 24.496
 Iraq 59.622 48.415 50.248 47.358 46.462 46.264 46.984 49.048
 Ireland 68.543 65.203 62.418 58.859 57.055 53.989 50.996 47.821
 Israel 60.404 59.587 58.959 58.098 57.208 56.357 55.585 54.890
 Italy 131.277 132.085 133.427 134.131 135.290 136.415 137.533 138.514
 Jamaica 101.124 99.381 94.133 88.865 82.522 76.250 69.938 63.863
 Japan 234.980 237.115 237.541 237.043 237.416 237.761 237.971 238.306
 Jordan 94.347 94.232 94.834 94.981 93.976 91.068 88.561 85.994
 Kazakhstan 20.347 21.879 20.896 20.000 19.228 18.524 17.650 16.805
 Kenya 54.814 57.164 55.502 52.760 49.517 48.879 49.402 49.629
 Kiribati 22.997 21.888 23.485 28.087 35.121 40.978 46.310 51.151
 Kosovo 16.305 17.005 19.652 22.226 24.274 26.102 27.431 28.656
 Kuwait 20.683 14.800 17.784 20.969 26.249 31.115 34.709 38.423
 Kyrgyzstan 58.786 56.025 56.089 55.506 55.271 54.527 54.428 54.368
 Laos 60.303 62.974 64.125 65.274 65.994 66.920 67.455 67.789
 Latvia 39.976 37.578 36.661 35.101 34.680 33.117 31.828 30.525
 Lebanon 148.958 150.920 157.808 162.744 166.599 169.305 171.250 173.100
 Lesotho 36.788 38.982 37.947 37.306 34.842 32.600 30.397 32.302
 Liberia 34.122 40.541 46.664 52.604 58.430 60.928 65.443 66.580
 Libya n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
 Lithuania 39.420 35.908 33.792 31.819 29.982 28.348 26.826 25.421
 Luxembourg 22.961 21.809 21.615 21.271 21.003 20.521 20.026 19.576
 Macau 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
 Madagascar 40.280 39.659 41.017 42.098 43.478 45.060 46.138 46.593
 Malawi 61.920 61.295 59.012 58.466 56.946 54.797 52.188 49.974
 Malaysia 55.156 56.239 56.318 55.821 55.246 54.554 53.903 53.233
 Maldives 61.591 61.469 61.434 61.358 61.181 60.916 60.712 60.587
 Mali 35.446 36.618 36.928 37.564 38.201 38.907 39.104 39.551
 Malta 50.205 45.369 42.458 39.074 35.670 32.123 30.029 28.206
 Marshall Islands 27.230 25.245 23.373 22.837 22.238 21.955 22.114 22.545
 Mauritania 76.844 83.938 80.615 82.026 79.763 70.467 63.586 55.934
 Mauritius 63.708 65.199 67.495 67.808 66.689 65.480 64.395 63.357
 Mexico 53.995 53.565 54.111 54.472 54.536 54.496 54.427 54.346
 Micronesia 22.150 20.155 18.411 16.790 15.273 13.844 12.439 16.469
 Moldova 29.306 27.113 28.823 30.655 31.044 32.042 32.511 32.989
 Montenegro 66.303 72.073 70.576 78.024 69.963 66.435 62.677 59.687
 Morocco 65.109 65.177 65.110 64.276 63.073 61.961 60.893 60.032
 Mozambique 103.153 100.425 124.463 119.856 115.264 111.471 100.913 89.488
 Myanmar 47.311 49.411 49.124 47.759 46.488 44.906 43.701 42.541
 Namibia 41.525 47.051 51.599 55.892 59.817 63.212 66.725 70.180
 Nauru 61.969 61.537 60.391 60.488 60.409 60.738 60.679 60.337
   Nepal 26.402 30.438 33.073 34.119 33.821 33.463 32.641 31.859
 Netherlands 56.957 54.437 52.045 49.875 47.438 44.861 42.348 39.793
 New Zealand 31.609 29.388 28.065 27.274 26.846 25.943 23.506 21.176
 Nicaragua 34.037 37.167 40.879 43.869 46.469 48.775 50.936 52.169
 Niger 48.974 55.139 55.604 54.103 52.486 48.251 45.839 44.197
 Nigeria 25.340 28.416 30.050 31.384 32.671 33.839 34.924 35.885
 North Macedonia 39.415 39.515 40.483 41.266 41.819 42.100 42.138 41.910
 Norway 36.751 36.751 36.751 36.751 36.751 36.751 36.751 36.751
 Oman 46.903 50.929 61.293 63.106 64.541 66.908 70.487 73.299
 Pakistan 66.962 72.134 76.995 79.133 81.018 82.625 84.089 85.573
 Panama 37.527 39.394 37.808 36.094 34.568 33.210 32.037 30.967
 Papua New Guinea 37.539 36.912 37.724 37.043 36.571 35.757 35.041 34.314
 Paraguay 19.841 21.597 22.367 22.272 22.260 22.266 22.295 22.442
 Peru 25.415 26.755 27.179 26.974 26.448 25.941 25.491 25.018
 Philippines 39.917 39.602 39.104 38.497 37.878 37.319 36.852 36.410
 Poland 50.569 48.364 47.475 48.208 49.143 49.870 50.513 51.228
 Portugal 124.762 121.435 119.458 117.272 111.253 107.357 106.259 102.747
 Puerto Rico 51.644 54.647 57.703 59.770 60.519 61.108 61.525 61.913
 Qatar 49.751 48.350 52.738 45.913 40.617 37.120 33.288 29.385
 Romania 36.861 36.602 37.992 39.697 41.471 43.339 44.973 46.230
 Russia 15.521 13.953 13.788 13.898 14.094 14.689 15.915 16.857
 Rwanda 36.494 40.658 49.997 51.263 52.490 54.211 55.581 56.448
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 61.107 62.040 59.494 59.723 63.773 68.590 71.968 75.464
 Saint Lucia 66.087 66.848 71.624 74.162 74.740 75.713 76.764 77.471
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 74.152 73.063 71.377 69.678 68.098 66.747 65.593 64.596
 Samoa 49.099 50.205 49.436 48.900 49.592 50.470 51.375 52.754
 San Marino 76.641 77.012 77.123 77.855 78.022 78.109 78.165 78.303
 São Tomé and Príncipe 88.646 81.252 74.100 67.336 56.945 53.040 50.435 48.598
 Saudi Arabia 17.160 19.078 23.708 25.426 27.643 28.112 32.426 37.539
 Senegal 60.637 64.447 61.999 60.358 59.419 55.195 52.393 51.615
 Serbia 58.727 54.342 50.947 48.266 45.531 43.047 40.770 38.569
 Seychelles 63.637 58.170 54.492 49.511 44.791 41.004 37.626 34.935
 Sierra Leone 57.586 71.307 72.372 71.973 71.485 69.210 67.410 65.656
 Singapore 106.941 108.341 109.373 111.192 111.819 112.560 112.838 117.049
 Slovakia 50.944 48.847 46.896 45.134 43.340 41.529 39.841 38.612
 Slovenia 74.094 68.491 65.441 63.371 61.154 59.077 56.947 54.851
 Solomon Islands 9.404 12.108 14.556 17.638 20.635 23.407 26.144 28.544
 South Africa 53.022 56.710 57.810 59.793 61.795 63.536 65.082 66.465
 South Korea 39.758 40.711 40.541 40.669 41.115 41.782 42.205 42.417
 South Sudan 65.240 43.760 37.812 34.237 34.488 34.279 22.429 22.339
 Spain 98.123 97.016 95.962 94.939 94.058 93.288 92.720 92.282
 Sri Lanka 79.102 84.065 82.990 80.637 78.252 75.934 73.789 71.582
 Sudan 121.980 163.210 177.868 182.361 186.186 182.528 181.590 182.265
 Suriname 77.206 69.604 72.046 75.721 76.203 77.623 78.752 80.163
 Sweden 40.829 39.010 37.225 35.473 33.885 32.292 30.889 29.388
  Switzerland 41.812 40.508 39.486 38.171 36.948 35.709 34.551 33.425
 Syria n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
 Taiwan 35.510 34.995 33.914 32.925 31.906 30.819 29.626 28.359
 Tajikistan 50.392 47.883 49.462 50.655 52.100 53.504 55.787 58.352
 Tanzania 36.587 35.993 36.573 37.172 38.069 39.148 40.413 41.815
 Thailand 41.871 42.076 41.474 41.829 42.317 42.759 43.112 43.528
 Togo 75.595 74.602 70.395 65.762 61.225 57.016 52.969 49.054
 Trinidad and Tobago 43.255 45.310 49.751 51.416 52.116 53.152 54.074 54.799
 Tunisia 70.331 76.978 81.549 82.232 79.481 75.049 70.055 65.392
 Turkey 28.261 29.052 29.929 28.326 28.093 28.117 27.579 26.664
 Turkmenistan 28.820 29.272 30.250 30.346 30.135 30.020 30.324 30.098
 Tuvalu 36.972 27.597 21.809 16.714 8.065 4.582 3.869 3.463
 Uganda 39.722 42.152 44.810 48.086 49.606 49.541 48.433 46.403
 Ukraine 71.915 63.856 62.029 57.889 53.825 49.772 46.244 43.724
 United Arab Emirates 19.747 18.670 19.202 18.958 18.652 18.360 18.070 17.776
 United Kingdom 87.141 86.857 85.665 84.421 83.598 82.643 81.502 80.329
 United States 106.226 105.773 106.702 107.538 108.405 109.430 110.041 110.348
 Uruguay 65.713 69.990 71.344 71.034 71.241 71.524 71.622 71.275
 Uzbekistan 24.087 23.539 23.226 23.323 23.817 24.052 24.314 23.977
 Vanuatu 52.248 50.483 52.183 54.233 55.821 57.106 58.434 59.656
 Venezuela 33.054 175.618 214.449 228.244 247.519 261.606 274.812 272.755
 Vietnam 58.223 57.542 57.363 57.082 57.255 57.370 57.429 57.557
 Yemen 76.201 63.164 54.506 42.527 36.385 30.930 25.873 22.262
 Zambia 62.706 72.361 80.501 83.477 84.080 82.826 80.047 76.820
 Zimbabwe 52.866 29.781 20.987 20.490 20.068 19.554 18.611 17.682

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]