List of countries by gold production

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2012 World gold output (in kilograms)
Trends in five of the top seven gold-producing countries

This is a list of countries by gold production in 2018.[1][2]

Until 2006 South Africa was the world's largest gold producer. In 2007 increasing production from other countries and declining production from South Africa meant that China became the largest producer, although no country has approached the scale of South Africa's period of peak production during the late 1960s and early 1970s. In 1970 South Africa produced 995 tonnes or 32 million ounces of gold, two-thirds of the world's production of 47.5 million ounces.[3]

Production figures are for primary mine production. In the US, for example, for the year 2011, secondary sources (new and old scrap) exceeded primary production.[4]

2018
Rank
Country Gold production
(tonnes)[2]
Reserves
(tonnes)[5]
1 China China 404 2,000
2 Australia Australia 319 9,800
3 Russia Russia 297 5,300
4 United States United States 222 3,000
5 Canada Canada 189 2,200
6 Peru Peru 158 2,600
7 Indonesia Indonesia 137 2,500
8 Ghana Ghana 130 1,000
9 South Africa South Africa 130 6,000
10 Mexico Mexico 115 1,400
11 Brazil Brazil 97 2,400
12 Uzbekistan Uzbekistan 92 1,800
13  Sudan 77 1,550[6]
14 Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea 69 1,300
15  Kazakhstan 68 1,000
Rest of the world 1,001 12,000
World 3,503 54,000

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Global gold production dragged down by Grasberg". Mining.com. Vancouver, British Columbia: Glacier Media Group. 5 November 2019. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  2. ^ a b "Gold mine production" (xls). Goldhub. London: World Gold Council. 4 April 2019. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  3. ^ "South African production: important but no longer globally significant". World Gold Council. 2019-06-18. Retrieved 2020-03-28.
  4. ^ George, Micheal W. (28 February 2014). "Gold". Mineral commodity summaries 2014 (PDF). Reston, Virginia: U.S. Geological Survey. pp. 66–67. ISBN 9781411337657. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  5. ^ George, Micheal W. (28 February 2019). "Gold". Mineral commodity summaries 2019 (PDF). Reston, Virginia: U.S. Geological Survey. pp. 71–72. ISBN 9781411342835. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  6. ^ "After Decades in the Dark, Sudan May Soon Be Open for Business". Worldview. Austin, Texas: Stratfor. 20 May 2019. Retrieved 6 November 2019.