List of countries by gold production

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2012 World gold output (in kilograms)
Trends in five of the top seven gold-producing countries

This is a list of continent by gold production in 2018.[1][2]

Until 2006, South Africa was the world's largest gold producer. In 2007, increasing production from other countries and declining production from South Africa meant that China became the largest producer, although no country has approached the scale of South Africa's period of peak production during the late 1960s and early 1970s. In 1970, South Africa produced 995 tonnes or 32 million ounces of gold, two-thirds of the world's production of 47.5 million ounces.[3]

Production figures are for primary mine production. In the US, for example, for the year 2011, secondary sources (new and old scrap) exceeded primary production.[4]

2020
Rank
Country Gold production
(tonnes)[5]
Reserves
(tonnes)[6]
% of total
1 China 380 12,000 11.7
2 Australia 320 9,800 9.9
3 Russia 300 5,300 9.3
4 United States 190 3,000 5.9
5 Canada 170 2,000 5.2
6 Ghana 140 1,000 4.3
7 Indonesia 130 2,500 4.0
8 Peru 120 2,600 3.7
9 Kazakhstan 100 1,000 3.1
10  Mexico 100 1,400 3.1
11 Uzbekistan 90 1,800 2.8
12 South Africa 90 6,000 2.8
13 Sudan 90 1,550[7] 2.8
14 Brazil 80 2,400 2.5
15 Papua New Guinea 70 1,300 2.2
16 Mali 61 800 1.9
17 Argentina 60 1,600 1.9
18 Other 750 23.1

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Global gold production dragged down by Grasberg". Mining.com. Vancouver, British Columbia: Glacier Media Group. 5 November 2019. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  2. ^ "Gold mine production" (xls). Goldhub. London: World Gold Council. 4 April 2019. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  3. ^ "South African production: important but no longer globally significant". World Gold Council. 2019-06-18. Retrieved 2020-03-28.
  4. ^ George, Micheal W. (28 February 2014). "Gold". Mineral commodity summaries 2014 (PDF). Reston, Virginia: U.S. Geological Survey. pp. 66–67. ISBN 9781411337657. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  5. ^ LePan, Nicholas (16 August 2021). "Visualizing Global Gold Production by Country in 2020". elements.visualcapitalist.com. Visual Capitalist – Elements.
  6. ^ George, Micheal W. (28 February 2019). "Gold". Mineral commodity summaries 2019 (PDF). Reston, Virginia: U.S. Geological Survey. pp. 71–72. ISBN 9781411342835. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  7. ^ "After Decades in the Dark, Sudan May Soon Be Open for Business". Worldview. Austin, Texas: Stratfor. 20 May 2019. Retrieved 6 November 2019.