List of countries by government spending as percentage of GDP

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This article lists countries alphabetically, with total government expenditure as percentage of Gross domestic product (GDP) for the listed countries. Also stated ist the government revenue and net lending/borrowing of the government as percentage of GDP. All Data is based on the World Economic Outlook Databook of the International Monetary Fund.

List of countries (2018)[edit]

The figures here are represented as a percentage of annual gross domestic product for the year 2018.[1]

Sortable table (not available on mobile)
Country Government expenditure
(% of GDP)
Government revenue
(% of GDP)
Net lending/borrowing
(% of GDP)
 Afghanistan 27.028 28.554 1.526
 Albania 29.265 27.634 −1.631
 Algeria 38.138 33.325 −4.812
 Angola 19.695 21.883 2.189
 Antigua and Barbuda 24.909 20.660 −4.249
 Argentina 38.896 33.672 −5.225
 Armenia 23.476 21.649 −1.827
 Aruba 27.900 25.680 −2.220
 Australia 36.662 35.843 −0.818
 Austria 48.494 48.600 0.106
 Azerbaijan 33.146 38.754 5.609
 Bahamas, The 19.998 16.609 −3.390
 Bahrain 33.710 21.796 −11.915
 Bangladesh 14.302 9.661 −4.641
 Barbados 29.578 29.278 −0.299
 Belarus 37.470 39.880 2.410
 Belgium 52.380 51.693 −0.687
 Belize 31.322 30.338 −0.984
 Benin 16.554 13.580 −2.974
 Bhutan 31.951 30.000 −1.951
 Bolivia 37.094 28.951 −8.143
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 41.040 42.765 1.725
 Botswana 31.226 28.180 −3.046
 Brazil 38.491 31.260 −7.231
 Brunei 32.155 28.596 −3.559
 Bulgaria 34.953 35.080 0.127
 Burkina Faso 27.235 22.243 −4.992
 Burundi 22.325 13.715 −8.611
 Cape Verde 31.031 28.212 −2.818
 Cambodia 24.624 23.796 -0.829
 Cameroon 18.546 16.055 −2.492
 Canada 40.655 40.264 −0.392
 Central African Republic 16.267 16.638 0.371
 Chad 13.332 15.265 1.933
 Chile 25.363 23.898 −1.465
 China 34.094 29.274 −4.820
 Colombia 28.102 25.404 −2.698
 Comoros 16.365 15.331 −1.034
 Congo, Democratic Republic of 11.162 11.562 0.399
 Congo, Republic of 22.561 29.156 6.595
 Costa Rica 19.685 13.653 −6.032
 Côte d'Ivoire 23.828 19.878 −3.950
 Croatia 46.440 46.639 0.199
 Cyprus 44.462 39.689 −4.774
 Czech Republic 40.599 41.489 0.890
 Denmark 51.302 51.812 0.510
 Djibouti 26.721 23.854 −2.868
 Dominica 57.801 44.914 −12.887
 Dominican Republic 16.493 14.191 −2.302
 Ecuador 37.054 35.854 −1.200
 Egypt 30.107 20.697 −9.410
 El Salvador 24.095 21.565 −2.530
 Equatorial Guinea 18.464 18.970 0.506
 Eritrea 27.069 37.932 10.862
 Estonia 38.970 38.509 −0.462
 Eswatini 35.236 24.777 −10.459
 Ethiopia 16.083 13.057 −3.026
 European Union 44.704 45.284 −0.580
 Fiji 32.637 27.123 −5.515
 Finland 53.476 52.806 −0.670
 France 56.039 53.510 −2.529
 Gabon 17.085 16.873 −0.211
 Gambia 21.632 15.435 −6.197
 Georgia 29.518 28.631 −0.887
 Germany 44.567 46.434 1.867
 Ghana 21.451 14.479 −6.972
 Greece 46.715 47.673 0.958
 Grenada 22.026 26.544 4.519
 Guatemala 12.325 10.566 −1.759
 Guinea 15.714 14.644 −1.070
 Guinea-Bissau 21.198 16.013 −5.185
 Guyana 34.340 30.797 −3.543
 Haiti 19.255 17.268 −1.987
 Honduras 26.493 26.691 0.198
 Hong Kong 18.330 20.672 2.342
 Hungary 46.470 44.249 −2.221
 Iceland 41.534 42.627 1.093
 India 26.175 19.776 −6.400
 Indonesia 16.644 14.892 −1.752
 Iran 18.238 15.772 −2.466
 Iraq 31.954 39.843 7.890
 Ireland 25.307 25.321 0.014
 Israel 39.413 36.157 −3.256
 Italy 48.584 46.450 −2.135
 Jamaica 29.437 30.617 1.181
 Japan 37.070 33.857 −3.213
 Jordan 30.897 26.146 −4.751
 Kazakhstan 19.544 22.219 2.675
 Kenya 25.470 18.108 −7.362
 Kiribati 154.145 151.635 −2.510
 Korea, South 20.433 23.003 2.569
 Kosovo 28.979 26.117 −2.863
 Kuwait 49.384 58.074 8.690
 Kyrgyzstan 34.112 32.801 −1.311
 Laos 19.910 15.490 −4.420
 Latvia 37.590 36.861 −0.730
 Lebanon 31.482 20.477 −11.005
 Lesotho 46.539 41.390 −5.149
 Liberia 32.428 27.001 −5.427
 Libya 86.852 63.297 −23.555
 Lithuania 33.237 33.900 0.663
 Luxembourg 43.109 45.518 2.409
 Macau, China 18.787 33.966 15.179
 Madagascar 16.333 14.810 −1.522
 Malawi 29.138 23.632 −5.506
 Malaysia 22.703 19.116 −3.586
 Maldives 31.000 26.446 −4.553
 Mali 20.188 15.474 −4.714
 Malta 36.777 38.813 2.037
 Marshall Islands 62.833 65.170 2.337
 Mauritania 27.093 30.411 3.318
 Mauritius 24.771 22.543 −2.228
 Mexico 25.669 23.471 −2.199
 Federated States of Micronesia 69.085 96.420 27.335
 Moldova 31.562 30.505 −1.057
 Mongolia 28.738 31.354 2.616
 Montenegro 47.689 41.389 −6.301
 Morocco 29.761 26.045 −3.717
 Mozambique 31.157 25.959 −5.198
 Myanmar 20.377 17.748 −2.628
 Namibia 34.015 29.095 −4.921
 Nauru 107.699 137.287 29.589
   Nepal 31.924 25.273 −6.651
 Netherlands 42.054 43.545 1.491
 New Zealand 36.666 37.450 0.784
 Nicaragua 27.304 24.221 −3.084
 Niger 29.157 25.012 −4.145
 Nigeria 13.037 8.514 −4.523
 North Macedonia 30.293 28.536 −1.757
 Norway 48.003 55.256 7.253
 Oman 45.391 37.446 −7.944
 Pakistan 21.631 15.209 −6.422
 Palau 38.179 44.706 6.527
 Panama 21.726 19.736 −1.990
 Papua New Guinea 22.443 18.528 −3.915
 Paraguay 19.032 17.723 −1.309
 Peru 21.409 19.421 −1.987
 Philippines 21.768 20.218 −1.550
 Poland 41.549 41.171 −0.378
 Portugal 43.467 43.019 −0.448
 Puerto Rico 24.340 21.581 −2.759
 Qatar 29.602 34.889 5.287
 Romania 32.228 29.384 −2.844
 Russia 32.617 35.539 2.923
 Rwanda 26.730 24.122 −2.607
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 33.450 38.394 4.944
 Saint Lucia 25.044 23.616 −1.428
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 30.272 28.243 −2.029
 Samoa 34.187 34.254 0.067
 San Marino 25.669 22.936 −2.734
 São Tomé and Príncipe 25.598 23.745 −1.852
 Saudi Arabia 36.575 30.704 −5.871
 Senegal 22.209 18.591 −3.618
 Serbia 40.795 41.608 0.813
 Seychelles 37.385 37.579 0.194
 Sierra Leone 21.524 15.743 −5.781
 Singapore 14.621 18.231 3.609
 Slovakia 40.627 39.929 −0.698
 Slovenia 39.489 40.638 1.149
 Solomon Islands 44.900 45.553 0.653
 South Africa 33.444 29.020 −4.424
 South Sudan 32.750 33.998 1.248
 Spain 41.343 38.861 −2.481
 Sri Lanka 18.638 13.373 −5.265
 Sudan 15.133 7.471 −7.662
 Suriname 31.249 24.089 −7.160
 Sweden 48.406 49.293 0.887
  Switzerland 32.431 33.728 1.297
 Taiwan 17.868 16.012 −1.856
 Tajikistan 31.869 29.088 −2.781
 Tanzania 16.517 14.635 −1.882
 Thailand 21.604 21.352 −0.252
 Timor-Leste 48.893 33.731 −15.161
 Togo 24.668 23.893 −0.775
 Tonga 43.101 42.332 −0.769
 Trinidad and Tobago 31.274 25.785 −5.490
 Tunisia 30.686 26.127 −4.559
 Turkey 34.611 31.527 −3.084
 Turkmenistan 13.736 13.520 −0.215
 Tuvalu 111.037 136.859 25.822
 Uganda 20.119 15.958 −4.160
 Ukraine 41.741 39.590 −2.151
 United Arab Emirates 30.084 31.274 1.189
 United Kingdom 38.273 36.888 −1.385
 United States 35.140 29.458 −5.682
 Uruguay 33.208 31.183 −2.025
 Uzbekistan 25.650 27.890 2.241
 Vanuatu 30.708 35.497 4.788
 Venezuela 34.723 4.168 −30.556
 Vietnam 28.841 24.490 −4.351
 Yemen 12.142 5.849 −6.293
 Zambia 27.378 19.127 −8.251
 Zimbabwe 17.518 13.054 −4.464

Historical Development[edit]

Development of government spending as percentage of GDP of different countries.[2][3]

Country 1850 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010
Algeria 25.71 28.57 36.89
Argentina 8.56 8.04 7.73 8.25 8.92 4.62 9.40 8.80 11.20 11.30 12.05 15.17 10.99 28.21 38.76
Australia 2.66 7.69 5.47 7.07 12.22 21.83 25.32 33.21 36.10 35.63 37.16
Austria 11.36 13.45 15.59 17.33 19.80 36.36 36.29 39.54 50.01 51.51 51.94 52.53
Bangladesh 15.03 12.50 13.24 14.59
Belgium 4.80 6.18 8.74 9.90 10.78 19.09 22.85 23.75 42.66 54.89 52.31 49.08 52.94
Brazil 24.19 25.70 15.50 13.00 12.52 11.21 10.81 8.70 13.71 11.40 6.80 35.29 40.40
Canada 4.94 6.76 5.68 6.12 6.01 10.45 7.72 18.61 14.99 14.93 36.03 41.55 48.80 41.11 43.82
Chile 5.63 8.02 8.42 14.21 11.63 12.81 8.76 13.89 12.43 14.93 19.73 21.09 23.84 18.95 23.87 25.15
China 20.98 17.05 22.67
Colombia 5.90 4.40 4.90 6.10 5.60 6.70 10.00 9.60 9.40 26.41 27.47
Denmark 8.82 6.87 5.96 6.45 7.21 6.90 12.19 10.05 16.42 24.39 52.66 55.41 53.67 58.47
Ethiopia 13.20 20.40 25.78 18.63
Finland 6.17 6.80 11.73 15.26 19.75 48.95 23.88 22.47 21.85 40.15 48.15 48.26 55.11
France 13.24 13.24 11.36 11.42 10.56 18.65 24.12 22.18 20.50 45.96 49.58 51.69 56.63
Germany 10.31 16.32 17.85 19.47 16.34 27.17 22.94 39.46 48.23 44.73 45.10 47.87
Ghana 12.17 11.19 11.85 20.10 24.11
Greece 23.55 25.70 19.75 19.65 26.00 27.09 19.95 25.17 27.66 45.21 47.12 50.24
India 6.26 7.34 6.87 7.18 5.96 6.43 5.54 5.33 5.31 11.23 11.72 17.48 27.23 26.99 27.32
Indonesia 14.42 13.80 22.09 15.84 16.64 18.27
Iran 35.76 21.95 18.04 21.75
Ireland 19.52 25.90 29.14 44.13 53.71 42.81 31.18 65.05
Israel 18.79 30.38 41.55 69.40 46.79 51.40 45.43
Italy 9.85 11.10 14.35 12.58 13.89 18.79 14.16 38.11 17.28 16.49 32.32 40.79 52.86 45.86 50.28
Japan 0.86 0.78 1.01 3.12 1.93 2.89 3.99 15.86 18.35 20.25 33.45 30.05 37.28 39.83
Kenya 22.94 20.53 30.14
Korea, South 17.88 17.50 16.77 15.15 17.95 21.21
Malaysia 36.13 27.92 26.28
Mexico 4.71 3.65 4.11 5.98 7.39 8.78 9.50 10.94 17.54 16.57 21.11 26.28
Morocco 28.57 25.85 31.91
Netherlands 9.60 13.93 10.99 10.24 8.69 23.97 20.39 43.20 55.20 54.91 44.17 51.19
Norway 6.83 9.90 8.61 8.64 8.59 18.05 17.97 38.91 46.13 53.31 42.30 45.92
Pakistan 5.55 10.00 23.56 21.98 23.92 18.59 20.26
Peru 3.59 4.39 4.47 7.04 6.65 11.33 13.33 14.35 19.32 20.36 20.53 20.40
Philippines 7.23 10.08 10.45 13.42 18.00 18.67 16.88
Poland 21.64 39.20 25.83 41.08 45.37
Portugal 6.74 8.03 6.98 7.55 12.12 7.87 10.31 9.81 14.25 15.52 32.36 38.50 41.13 51.35
Romania 28.15 33.63 38.56 40.90
Russia 13.09 15.63 23.82 12.65 5.49 6.11 32.84 38.50
South Africa 18.53 18.77 28.31 19.25 16.65 20.05 21.84 28.70 25.86 32.99
Spain 7.46 15.29 8.68 9.24 8.52 9.95 12.12 10.55 19.65 11.67 11.02 12.25 16.34 32.75 39.19 45.62
Sweden 5.09 5.96 6.77 6.84 7.23 8.48 7.63 8.73 22.73 18.28 24.43 29.51 41.02 37.96 55.09 52.89
Switzerland 4.03 4.15 4.29 18.14 8.58 7.11 25.75 29.93 30.30 35.10 34.17
Taiwan 24.84 28.69 25.60 22.13
Thailand 9.06 12.07 17.57 18.73 16.56 19.06 23.03
Turkey 15.15 15.57 22.69 25.46 14.07 37.71 35.55
United Kingdom 10.29 7.03 6.21 6.80 10.77 8.18 20.96 18.67 28.38 33.15 33.14 42.00 47.63 41.11 36.76 50.56
United States 1.56 3.80 2.24 2.19 2.70 2.19 7.30 3.64 8.94 13.44 28.29 32.30 34.29 37.20 33.88 42.46
Venezuela 8.58 10.47 14.17 16.00 23.67 19.48 21.97 31.93 28.29 36.95
1850 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010

See also[edit]

Europe:

United States:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects". www.imf.org. Retrieved 2019-11-02.
  2. ^ "Government expenditure, percent of GDP". www.imf.org. Retrieved 2019-11-02.
  3. ^ Ortiz-Ospina, Esteban; Roser, Max (2016-10-18). "Government Spending". Our World in Data.