List of countries by government spending as percentage of GDP

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This article lists countries alphabetically, with total government expenditure as percentage of Gross domestic product (GDP) for the listed countries. Also stated is the government revenue and net lending/borrowing of the government as percentage of GDP. All Data is based on the World Economic Outlook Databook of the International Monetary Fund.

List of countries (2020)[edit]

The figures here are represented as a percentage of annual gross domestic product for the year 2020.[1][2]

Sortable table (not available on mobile)
Country Government expenditure
(% of GDP)
Government revenue
(% of GDP)
Net lending/borrowing
(% of GDP)
 Afghanistan 29.508 27.049 -2.460
 Albania 32.649 25.929 -6.720
 Algeria 37.983 30.264 -7.718
 Angola 19.906 18.217 -1.688
 Antigua and Barbuda 25.706 20.019 -5.687
 Argentina 41.635 32.766 -8.869
 Armenia 31.152 24.203 -6.949
 Aruba 41.374 24.351 -17.022
 Australia 44.981 35.032 -9.949
 Austria 57.895 48.254 -9.642
 Azerbaijan 40.358 33.933 -6.425
 Bahamas 23.430 16.868 -6.561
 Bahrain 36.117 17.807 -18.310
 Bangladesh 15.029 9.556 -5.472
 Barbados 33.455 28.672 -4.783
 Belarus 38.401 35.145 -3.256
 Belgium 60.796 50.603 -10.194
 Belize 39.506 29.713 -9.793
 Benin 19.675 14.822 -4.853
 Bhutan 32.276 29.498 -2.777
 Bolivia 36.299 26.607 -9.692
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 46.625 41.016 -5.609
 Botswana 36.381 23.190 -13.191
 Brazil 42.730 29.362 -13.368
 Brunei 26.540 8.807 -17.734
 Bulgaria 38.776 35.770 -3.006
 Burkina Faso 26.858 21.680 -5.178
 Burundi 37.120 24.972 -12.148
 Cape Verde 34.710 25.837 -8.873
 Cambodia 24.171 22.473 -1.697
 Cameroon 17.306 13.170 -4.136
 Canada 52.449 41.786 -10.663
 Central African Republic 24.253 21.720 -2.534
 Chad 19.765 21.349 1.584
 Chile 28.972 21.839 -7.133
 China 36.980 25.592 -11.388
 Colombia 33.443 26.513 -6.930
 Comoros 18.564 18.444 -0.121
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 10.657 9.107 -1.550
 Republic of the Congo 23.123 24.596 1.473
 Costa Rica 22.939 14.278 -8.661
 Costa Rica 54.960 46.997 -7.963
 Cyprus 47.363 42.322 -5.041
 Czech Republic 47.860 41.934 -5.926
 Denmark 55.076 51.614 -3.461
 Djibouti 22.535 21.240 -1.294
 Dominica 37.822 35.656 -2.166
 Dominican Republic 21.466 14.040 -7.425
 Ecuador 36.850 30.507 -6.343
 Egypt 27.164 19.268 -7.895
 El Salvador 33.101 24.998 -8.103
 Equatorial Guinea 19.448 16.652 -2.796
 Eritrea 36.385 31.362 -5.023
 Estonia 44.730 39.346 -5.385
 Eswatini 36.250 28.188 -8.062
 Ethiopia 14.469 11.705 -2.764
 Fiji 35.070 20.496 -14.574
 Finland 56.722 51.926 -4.796
 France 62.403 52.505 -9.898
 Gabon 18.827 17.140 -1.687
 Gambia 23.627 21.717 -1.910
 Georgia 34.710 25.390 -9.319
 Germany 51.094 46.904 -4.190
 Ghana 28.279 12.298 -15.980
 Greece 58.187 48.330 -9.856
 Grenada 26.739 26.628 -0.111
 Guatemala 15.715 10.762 -4.953
 Guinea 18.158 14.594 -3.564
 Guinea-Bissau 26.150 17.156 -8.993
 Guyana 29.037 21.677 -7.359
 Haiti 10.001 7.725 -2.276
 Honduras 27.844 23.370 -4.473
 Hong Kong 29.699 19.675 -10.024
 Hungary 50.873 42.362 -8.511
 Iceland 49.694 42.381 -7.313
 India 30.983 18.727 -12.255
 Indonesia 18.232 12.365 -5.867
 Iran 17.953 9.580 -8.373
 Iraq 49.751 29.971 -19.780
 Ireland 28.710 23.434 -5.276
 Israel 46.398 34.598 -11.800
 Italy 57.254 47.788 -9.466
 Ivory Coast 20.329 14.422 -5.907
 Jamaica 32.919 29.060 -3.859
 Japan 46.668 34.050 -12.617
 Jordan 31.742 22.799 -8.943
 Kazakhstan 25.483 18.177 -7.306
 Kenya 25.699 17.347 -8.352
 Kiribati 108.042 104.925 -3.117
 South Korea 25.631 22.826 -2.805
 Kosovo 32.743 25.087 -7.656
 Kuwait 65.856 56.473 -9.382
 Kyrgyzstan 39.765 33.013 -6.753
 Laos 18.589 12.055 -6.535
 Latvia 42.508 38.592 -3.916
 Lebanon 21.768 11.868 -9.900
 Lesotho 58.920 51.329 -7.591
 Liberia 32.687 29.918 -2.769
 Libya 165.047 62.072 -102.976
 Lithuania 42.024 33.997 -8.027
 Luxembourg 47.537 43.767 -3.770
 Macau 50.767 28.554 -22.212
 Madagascar 15.101 10.909 -4.192
 Malawi 32.758 19.508 -13.250
 Malaysia 25.409 20.358 -5.051
 Maldives 47.763 26.397 -21.366
 Mali 25.472 19.972 -5.500
 Malta 45.925 36.902 -9.023
 Marshall Islands 66.431 66.472 0.041
 Mauritania 18.510 21.480 2.970
 Mauritius 31.614 21.172 -10.442
 Mexico 29.118 24.556 -4.562
 Federated States of Micronesia 66.723 66.201 -0.522
 Moldova 36.785 31.453 -5.331
 Mongolia 37.900 28.156 -9.744
 Montenegro 53.693 42.877 -10.816
 Morocco 36.312 28.682 -7.630
 Mozambique 30.833 25.445 -5.389
 Myanmar 21.648 16.038 -5.610
 Namibia 41.231 32.172 -9.059
 Nauru 134.528 166.031 31.503
   Nepal 27.031 21.923 -5.108
 Netherlands 46.899 41.321 -5.578
 New Zealand 42.423 36.725 -5.698
 Nicaragua 30.269 26.767 -3.502
 Niger 23.387 17.612 -5.774
 Nigeria 12.105 6.267 -5.838
 North Macedonia 36.692 28.579 -8.112
 Norway 58.154 51.197 -6.957
 Oman 51.643 34.325 -17.317
 Pakistan 23.124 15.113 -8.011
 Palau 53.978 42.767 -11.211
 Palestine 32.232 24.508 -7.724
 Panama 28.609 18.404 -10.205
 Papua New Guinea 20.139 13.917 -6.222
 Paraguay 25.177 17.887 -7.289
 Peru 26.376 18.020 -8.355
 Philippines 25.108 19.648 -5.460
 Poland 48.945 40.722 -8.223
 Portugal 48.123 42.034 -6.089
 Puerto Rico 25.520 20.282 -5.238
 Qatar 34.300 35.618 1.318
 Romania 38.810 29.064 -9.746
 Russia 38.783 34.685 -4.098
 Rwanda 28.554 23.127 -5.427
 Samoa 32.285 38.486 6.202
 San Marino 24.408 20.576 -3.832
 São Tomé and Príncipe 26.733 28.226 1.494
 Saudi Arabia 40.327 29.235 -11.093
 Senegal 27.543 21.109 -6.434
 Serbia 48.565 41.273 -7.293
 Seychelles 52.388 35.538 -16.850
 Sierra Leone 24.778 19.293 -5.486
 Singapore 26.627 17.691 -8.935
 Slovakia 49.553 42.225 -7.327
 Slovenia 53.232 44.748 -8.485
 Solomon Islands 33.786 31.354 -2.432
 Somalia 12.556
 South Africa 40.107 27.859 -12.248
 South Sudan 38.876 35.565 -3.311
 Spain 52.259 40.792 -11.467
 Sri Lanka 21.505 9.622 -11.883
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 37.966 33.519 -4.447
 Saint Lucia 30.095 20.416 -9.679
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 36.582 30.857 -5.725
 Sudan 10.769 4.824 -5.945
 Suriname 39.470 22.537 -16.933
 Sweden 53.062 49.066 -3.997
  Switzerland 36.264 33.671 -2.593
 Syria n/a n/a n/a
 Taiwan 19.041 14.786 -4.255
 Tajikistan 29.664 25.250 -4.414
 Tanzania 15.929 14.937 -0.992
 Thailand 25.307 20.605 -4.702
 Timor-Leste 73.639 50.818 -22.821
 Togo 23.177 17.072 -6.105
 Tonga 40.676 45.121 4.445
 Trinidad and Tobago 34.294 22.501 -11.793
 Tunisia 37.471 26.906 -10.564
 Turkey 34.634 29.253 -5.381
 Turkmenistan 12.876 12.952 0.077
 Tuvalu 124.429 131.817 7.388
 Uganda 21.153 13.586 -7.567
 Ukraine 47.114 40.959 -6.155
 United Arab Emirates 32.015 24.632 -7.383
 United Kingdom 50.273 36.840 -13.434
 United States 46.179 30.337 -15.842
 Uruguay 33.273 28.388 -4.886
 Uzbekistan 29.870 26.605 -3.265
 Vanuatu 52.223 44.808 -7.415
 Venezuela 10.929 5.882 -5.047
 Vietnam 21.586 16.171 -5.415
 Yemen 15.286 5.724 -9.561
 Zambia 33.986 20.048 -13.938
 Zimbabwe 15.619 16.748 1.130

Historical Development[edit]

Development of government spending as percentage of GDP of different countries.[3][4]

Country 1850 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020
Algeria 25.71 28.57 36.89 37.98
Argentina 8.56 8.04 7.73 8.25 8.92 4.62 9.40 8.80 11.20 11.30 12.05 15.17 10.99 28.21 38.76 41.64
Australia 2.66 7.69 5.47 7.07 12.22 21.83 25.32 33.21 36.10 35.63 37.16 44.98
Austria 11.36 13.45 15.59 17.33 19.80 36.36 36.29 39.54 50.01 51.51 51.94 52.53 57.90
Bangladesh 15.03 12.50 13.24 14.59 15.03
Belgium 4.80 6.18 8.74 9.90 10.78 19.09 22.85 23.75 42.66 54.89 52.31 49.08 52.94 60.80
Brazil 24.19 25.70 15.50 13.00 12.52 11.21 10.81 8.70 13.71 11.40 6.80 35.29 40.40 42.73
Canada 4.94 6.76 5.68 6.12 6.01 10.45 7.72 18.61 14.99 14.93 36.03 41.55 48.80 41.11 43.82 52.45
Chile 5.63 8.02 8.42 14.21 11.63 12.81 8.76 13.89 12.43 14.93 19.73 21.09 23.84 18.95 23.87 25.15 28.97
China 20.98 17.05 22.67 36.98
Colombia 5.90 4.40 4.90 6.10 5.60 6.70 10.00 9.60 9.40 26.41 27.47 33.44
Denmark 8.82 6.87 5.96 6.45 7.21 6.90 12.19 10.05 16.42 24.39 52.66 55.41 53.67 58.47 55.08
Ethiopia 13.20 20.40 25.78 18.63 14.47
Finland 6.17 6.80 11.73 15.26 19.75 48.95 23.88 22.47 21.85 40.15 48.15 48.26 55.11 56.72
France 13.24 13.24 11.36 11.42 10.56 18.65 24.12 22.18 20.50 45.96 49.58 51.69 56.63 62.40
Germany 10.31 16.32 17.85 19.47 16.34 27.17 22.94 39.46 48.23 44.73 45.10 47.87 51.09
Ghana 12.17 11.19 11.85 20.10 24.11 28.28
Greece 23.55 25.70 19.75 19.65 26.00 27.09 19.95 25.17 27.66 45.21 47.12 50.24 58.19
India 6.26 7.34 6.87 7.18 5.96 6.43 5.54 5.33 5.31 11.23 11.72 17.48 27.23 26.99 27.32 30.98
Indonesia 14.42 13.80 22.09 15.84 16.64 18.27 18.23
Iran 35.76 21.95 18.04 21.75 17.95
Ireland 19.52 25.90 29.14 44.13 53.71 42.81 31.18 65.05 28.71
Israel 18.79 30.38 41.55 69.40 46.79 51.40 45.43 46.40
Italy 9.85 11.10 14.35 12.58 13.89 18.79 14.16 38.11 17.28 16.49 32.32 40.79 52.86 45.86 50.28 57.25
Japan 0.86 0.78 1.01 3.12 1.93 2.89 3.99 15.86 18.35 20.25 33.45 30.05 37.28 39.83 46.67
Kenya 22.94 20.53 30.14 25.70
Korea, South 17.88 17.50 16.77 15.15 17.95 21.21 25.63
Malaysia 36.13 27.92 26.28 25.41
Mexico 4.71 3.65 4.11 5.98 7.39 8.78 9.50 10.94 17.54 16.57 21.11 26.28 29.12
Morocco 28.57 25.85 31.91 36.31
Netherlands 9.60 13.93 10.99 10.24 8.69 23.97 20.39 43.20 55.20 54.91 44.17 51.19 46.90
Norway 6.83 9.90 8.61 8.64 8.59 18.05 17.97 38.91 46.13 53.31 42.30 45.92 58.15
Pakistan 5.55 10.00 23.56 21.98 23.92 18.59 20.26 23.12
Peru 3.59 4.39 4.47 7.04 6.65 11.33 13.33 14.35 19.32 20.36 20.53 20.40 26.38
Philippines 7.23 10.08 10.45 13.42 18.00 18.67 16.88 25.11
Poland 21.64 39.20 25.83 41.08 45.37 48.95
Portugal 6.74 8.03 6.98 7.55 12.12 7.87 10.31 9.81 14.25 15.52 32.36 38.50 41.13 51.35 48.12
Romania 28.15 33.63 38.56 40.90 38.81
Russia 13.09 15.63 23.82 12.65 5.49 6.11 32.84 38.50 38.78
South Africa 18.53 18.77 28.31 19.25 16.65 20.05 21.84 28.70 25.86 32.99 40.11
Spain 7.46 15.29 8.68 9.24 8.52 9.95 12.12 10.55 19.65 11.67 11.02 12.25 16.34 32.75 39.19 45.62 52.26
Sweden 5.09 5.96 6.77 6.84 7.23 8.48 7.63 8.73 22.73 18.28 24.43 29.51 41.02 37.96 55.09 52.89 53.06
Switzerland 4.03 4.15 4.29 18.14 8.58 7.11 25.75 29.93 30.30 35.10 34.17 36.26
Taiwan 24.84 28.69 25.60 22.13 19.04
Thailand 9.06 12.07 17.57 18.73 16.56 19.06 23.03 25.31
Turkey 15.15 15.57 22.69 25.46 14.07 37.71 35.55 34.63
United Kingdom 10.29 7.03 6.21 6.80 10.77 8.18 20.96 18.67 28.38 33.15 33.14 42.00 47.63 41.11 36.76 50.56 50.27
United States 1.56 3.80 2.24 2.19 2.70 2.19 7.30 3.64 8.94 13.44 28.29 32.30 34.29 37.20 33.88 42.46 46.18
Venezuela 8.58 10.47 14.17 16.00 23.67 19.48 21.97 31.93 28.29 36.95 10.93
1850 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020

See also[edit]

Europe:

United States:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects". www.imf.org. Retrieved 2019-11-02.
  2. ^ Korea's data is from Bank of Korea, https://www.bok.or.kr/portal/bbs/P0000559/view.do?nttId=10053713&menuNo=200690}}
  3. ^ "Government expenditure, percent of GDP". www.imf.org. Retrieved 2019-11-02.
  4. ^ Ortiz-Ospina, Esteban; Roser, Max (2016-10-18). "Government Spending". Our World in Data.