List of countries by greenhouse gas emissions

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This is a list of countries by total greenhouse gas (GHG) annual emissions in 2016. It is based on data for carbon dioxide, methane (CH
4
), nitrous oxide (N
2
O
), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) and hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) emissions compiled by the World Resources Institute (WRI).[1] The table below separately provides emissions data calculated on the basis of production, respectively consumption of goods and services in each country. WRI data includes emissions from land-use, land-use change and forestry, Global Carbon Project data does not. The unit used is megatonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (MtCO2e) using the 100-year time horizon,[2] like the UNFCCC.[3] All countries which are party to the Paris Agreement report their greenhouse gas inventories at least biennially from 2024.[4]

List of countries by production-based and consumption-based emissions[edit]

State Production-based emissions
(MtCO2e) 2018 (CAIT)[1]
Production-based emissions INCLUDING land-use, land-use change and forestry (reported to UNFCCC)
MtCO2e 2018[5]
Production-based emissions excluding land-use, land-use change and forestry(World Resources Institute)
MtCO2e 2016[6]
Consumption-based emissions
(Global Carbon Project)
MtCO2e 2016[7]
World 48,928
 China (see: Greenhouse gas emissions by China) 11,706 12700 8801
 United States (see: Greenhouse gas emissions by the United States) 5,794 5903 6570 5716
 India (see: Greenhouse gas emissions by India) 3,347 2870 2217
 European Union (EU28, including the United Kingdom) 3,333 3951 4166
 Russia (see: Greenhouse gas emissions by Russia) 1,992 1630 2670 1381
 Indonesia 1,704 506
 Brazil 1,421 1050 524
 Japan 1,155 1231 1310 1411
 Iran 828 876 572
 Germany 777 831 918 887
 Canada (see: Greenhouse gas emissions by Canada) 763 716 575
 Mexico 695 718 528
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 682
 South Korea 673 732 634
 Saudi Arabia 638 623
 Australia (see: Greenhouse gas emissions by Australia) 619 537 378
 South Africa 497 337
 Turkey (see: Greenhouse gas emissions by Turkey) 474 426 450
 United Kingdom (see: Greenhouse gas emissions by the United Kingdom) 441 456 557
 Pakistan 438
 Thailand 431
 Argentina 395
 Malaysia 388
 Italy 387 391 458
 Vietnam 364
 France 361 427 447
 Nigeria 357
 Poland 357 376
 Egypt 329
 Spain 313 296
 Venezuela 277
 Kazakhstan 271 401
 Colombia 268
 United Arab Emirates 263
 Ukraine 262 342
 Philippines 234
 Uzbekistan 232
 Myanmar 232
 Bangladesh 221
 Algeria 219
 Iraq 216
 Ethiopia 205
 Peru 186
 Netherlands 180 193
 Tanzania 176
 Sudan 131
 Bolivia 126
 Turkmenistan 125
 Angola 125
 Cameroon 123
 Zimbabwe 119
 Czech Republic 117 133
 Kuwait 113
 Mozambique 110
 Belgium 109 17
 Chad 105
 Libya 103
 Qatar 100
 Afghanistan 99
 Paraguay 95
 Zambia 93
 Morocco 92
 Ecuador 92
 Israel 88
 Central African Republic 87
 Greece 86 89
 Romania 86 92
 Oman 82
 Azerbaijan 78
 Kenya 71
 New Zealand 71 55
 Uganda 71
 Cambodia 69
 South Sudan 68
 Austria 68 74
 Portugal 67 61
 Belarus 67 69
 Singapore 67
 Papua New Guinea 64
 Hungary 63 59
 Serbia 62
 Ireland 62 65
 Finland 61 46
 Botswana 58
 Mongolia 56
 Burkina Faso 55
   Nepal 55
 Chile 52
 Ivory Coast 49
 Bahrain 49
 Denmark 47 56
 Solomon Islands 46
 Syria 46
 Niger 46
 North Korea 45
 Somalia 44
  Switzerland 44 45
 Mali 44
 Madagascar 41
 Guinea 41
 Slovakia 39 38
 Cuba 39
 Guatemala 39
 Nicaragua 39
 Laos 39
 Dominican Republic 38
 Tunisia 37
 Sri Lanka 37
 Jordan 36
 Uruguay 34
 Senegal 34
 Lebanon 34
 Sweden 30 10
 Norway 28 28
 Honduras 28
 Benin 28
 Malawi 27
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 25
 Equatorial Guinea 23
 Trinidad and Tobago 23
 Liberia 23
 Namibia 22
 Panama 22
 Yemen 22
 Estonia 21 18
 Republic of the Congo 20
 Ghana 20
 Bulgaria 19 49
 Guyana 19
 Lithuania 18 16
 Croatia 18 19
 Slovenia 18 18
 Brunei 17
 Georgia 17
 Tajikistan 15
 Kyrgyzstan 15
 Gabon 14
 El Salvador 13
 Moldova 13
 Suriname 13
 Mauritania 13
 Sierra Leone 11
 Haiti 11
 North Macedonia 11
 Jamaica 10
 Luxembourg 10 10
 Albania 10
 Armenia 10
 Togo 9
 Burundi 9
 Latvia 9 13
 Costa Rica 9
 Cyprus 8 8
 Eritrea 8
 Rwanda 8
 Belize 7
 Mauritius 7
 Timor-Leste 6
 Lesotho 6
 Guinea-Bissau 4
 Montenegro 4
 Barbados 4
 Iceland 3 14
 Gambia 3
 Eswatini 3
 Bahamas 3
 Maldives 2
 Grenada 2
 Malta 2 2
 Djibouti 1
 Antigua and Barbuda 1
 Bhutan 1
 Vanuatu 1
 Samoa 1
 Seychelles 1
 Cape Verde 1
 Comoros 1
 Saint Lucia 1
{{AND} 1
 São Tomé and Príncipe 0.41
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0.37
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.37
 Tonga 0.35
 Palau 0.32
 Fiji 0.28
 Federated States of Micronesia 0.24
 Marshall Islands 0.24
 Dominica 0.23
 Liechtenstein 0.18
 Kiribati 0.11
 Cook Islands 0.10
 Nauru 0.08
 Tuvalu 0.03
 Niue 0.01

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Climate Analysis Indicators Tool (CAIT), Climate Watch. 2018. Washington, DC: World Resources Institute (2019). "Historical GHG Emissions". www.climatewatchdata.org. Retrieved 2020-11-08. The CAIT dataset is briefly described here, and in more detail here. Its data sources are the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC), the International Energy Agency (IEA), the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), and the United States Energy Information Administration (EIA). It does not use countries’ official inventories reported to the UNFCCC, in order to emphasize comparability of data across countries. The sectors covered are the main IPCC sectors, including agriculture, bunker fuels, energy (electricity/heat, fugitive emissions, manufacturing/ construction, other fuel combustion, transportation), industrial processes, land-use change and forestry, and waste. Greenhouse gases are those covered in the Kyoto protocol (carbon dioxide (CO
    2
    ), methane (CH
    4
    ), nitrous oxide (N
    2
    O
    ), and F-gases: hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), sulfur hexafluoride (SF6))
  2. ^ See Talk:List of countries by greenhouse gas emissions#Time horizon.
  3. ^ "Common metrics". unfccc.int. Retrieved 2020-11-25.
  4. ^ "NDC reporting: making the Paris Agreement Transparency Framework work". Energy Post. 2019-07-19.
  5. ^ "Greenhouse Gas Inventory Data". di.unfccc.int. Retrieved 2020-11-25.
  6. ^ "Greenhouse Gas Emissions over 165 Years".
  7. ^ "Global Carbon Budget 2019 | Carbon Portal". Global Carbon Project. doi:10.18160/GCP-2019
    Source data in megatonnes of carbon (MtC), converted in MtCO2e using the suggested multiplication factor of 3.664