List of elevation extremes by country

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Map of countries coloured according to their highest point

The following sortable table lists land surface elevation extremes by country.

Elevation is the vertical distance above the reference geoid, an equipotential gravitational surface model of the Earth's sea level.

Table[edit]

Note that many countries have land below sea level, e.g. the Dead Sea is at 418 m below sea level, and is shared by Israel and Jordan. This is the lowest point on land.

Land surface elevation extremes by country

Country or region Highest point Maximum elevation Lowest point Minimum elevation Elevation span
 Afghanistan Noshaq 7492 m
24,580 ft
Amu Darya 258 m
846 ft
7234 m
23,734 ft
 Albania Maja e Korabit 2764 m
9,068 ft
Adriatic Sea sea level 2764 m
9,068 ft
 Algeria Mount Tahat 3003 m
9,852 ft
Chott Melrhir −40 m
−131 ft
3043 m
9,984 ft
 American Samoa Lata Mountain on Ta‘ū 966 m
3,169 ft
South Pacific Ocean sea level 966 m
3,169 ft
 Andorra Coma Pedrosa 2942 m
9,652 ft
Gran Valira 840 m
2,756 ft
2102 m
6,896 ft
 Angola Morro de Môco 2620 m
8,596 ft
South Atlantic Ocean sea level 2620 m
8,596 ft
 Anguilla Crocus Hill 65 m
213 ft
Caribbean Sea sea level 65 m
213 ft
 Antarctica[1] Vinson Massif[2][3] 4892 m
16,050 ft
Southern Ocean sea level 4892 m
16,050 ft
 Antigua and Barbuda Mount Obama on Antigua 402 m
1,319 ft
Caribbean Sea sea level 402 m
1,319 ft
 Argentina Aconcagua[4][5] 6960 m
22,835 ft
Laguna del Carbón[6] −105 m
−344 ft
7065 m
23,179 ft
 Armenia Mount Aragats 4090 m
13,419 ft
Debed 400 m
1,312 ft
3690 m
12,106 ft
 Aruba Mount Jamanota 188 m
617 ft
Caribbean Sea sea level 188 m
617 ft
Ashmore and Cartier Islands Ashmore and Cartier Islands unnamed location 3 m
10 ft
Indian Ocean sea level 3 m
10 ft
 Australia Mount Kosciuszko[7] 2228 m
7,310 ft
Lake Eyre −15 m
−49 ft
2243 m
7,359 ft
 Austria Großglockner 3798 m
12,461 ft
Lake Neusiedl 115 m
377 ft
3683 m
12,083 ft
 Azerbaijan Bazarduzu Dagi 4485 m
14,715 ft
Caspian Sea −28 m
−92 ft
4513 m
14,806 ft
 Bahamas Mount Alvernia on Cat Island 63 m
207 ft
North Atlantic Ocean sea level 63 m
207 ft
 Bahrain Jabal ad Dukhan 122 m
400 ft
Persian Gulf sea level 122 m
400 ft
 Bangladesh Mowdok Mual 1052 m
3,451 ft
Bay of Bengal sea level 1052 m
3,451 ft
 Barbados Mount Hillaby 336 m
1,102 ft
North Atlantic Ocean sea level 336 m
1,102 ft
 Belarus Dzyarzhynskaya Hara 346 m
1,135 ft
Neman 90 m
295 ft
256 m
840 ft
 Belgium Signal de Botrange 694 m
2,277 ft
Multiple, west of Veurne51°02′00″N 2°35′52″E / 51.033230°N 2.597802°E / 51.033230; 2.597802 −4 m
−13 ft
694 m
2,277 ft
 Belize Doyle's Delight 1124 m
3,688 ft
Caribbean Sea sea level 1124 m
3,688 ft
 Benin Mont Sokbaro 658 m
2,159 ft
Bight of Benin sea level 658 m
2,159 ft
 Bermuda Town Hill 76 m
249 ft
North Atlantic Ocean sea level 76 m
249 ft
 Bhutan Gangkhar Puensum 7570 m
24,836 ft
Drangme Chhu 97 m
318 ft
7473 m
24,518 ft
 Bolivia Sajama 6542 m
21,463 ft
Rio Paraguay 90 m
295 ft
6452 m
21,168 ft
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Maglić 2386 m
7,828 ft
Adriatic Sea sea level 2386 m
7,828 ft
 Botswana Otse Hill 1491 m
4,892 ft
confluence of Limpopo River and Shashe River 513 m
1,683 ft
978 m
3,209 ft
 Bouvet Island Olavtoppen 935 m
3,068 ft
South Atlantic Ocean sea level 935 m
3,068 ft
 Brazil Pico da Neblina 2994 m
9,823 ft
Atlantic Ocean sea level 2994 m
9,823 ft
 British Indian Ocean Territory unnamed location on Diego Garcia 15 m
49 ft
Indian Ocean sea level 15 m
49 ft
 Brunei Bukit Pagon 1850 m
6,070 ft
South China Sea sea level 1850 m
6,070 ft
 Bulgaria Musala 2925 m
9,596 ft
Black Sea sea level 2925 m
9,596 ft
 Burkina Faso Tena Kourou 749 m
2,457 ft
Black Volta 200 m
656 ft
549 m
1,801 ft
 Burma Hkakabo Razi 5881 m
19,295 ft
Indian Ocean sea level 5881 m
19,295 ft
 Burundi Mount Heha 2684 m
8,806 ft
Lake Tanganyika 772 m
2,533 ft
1912 m
6,273 ft
 Cambodia Phnom Aural 1810 m
5,938 ft
Gulf of Thailand sea level 1810 m
5,938 ft
 Cameroon Mount Cameroon 4040 m
13,255 ft
Bight of Bonny sea level 4040 m
13,255 ft
 Canada Mount Logan[8] 5959 m
19,551 ft
North Atlantic Ocean
Arctic Ocean
North Pacific Ocean
sea level 5959 m
19,551 ft
 Cape Verde Mount Fogo 2829 m
9,281 ft
North Atlantic Ocean sea level 2829 m
9,281 ft
 Cayman Islands The Bluff on Cayman Brac 46 m
151 ft
Caribbean Sea sea level 46 m
151 ft
 Central African Republic Mont Ngaoui 1420 m
4,659 ft
Ubangi River 335 m
1,099 ft
1085 m
3,560 ft
 Chad Emi Koussi 3445 m
11,302 ft
Bodélé Depression 160 m
525 ft
3285 m
10,778 ft
 Chile Ojos del Salado[9][10] 6893 m
22,615 ft
South Pacific Ocean sea level 6893 m
22,615 ft
ChinaChina, People's Republic of[11] Mount Everest[12] 8848 m
29,029 ft
Aydingkol[13] −154 m
−505 ft
9,002 m
29,534 ft
 Christmas Island Murray Hill 361 m
1,184 ft
Indian Ocean sea level 361 m
1,184 ft
Clipperton Island Clipperton Island Rocher Clipperton on Île de Clipperton 29 m
95 ft
North Pacific Ocean sea level 29 m
95 ft
 Cocos (Keeling) Islands unnamed location 5 m
16 ft
Indian Ocean sea level 5 m
16 ft
 Colombia Pico Cristóbal Colón[14][15]
Pico Simón Bolívar[14][15]
5700 m
18,701 ft
North Pacific Ocean
Caribbean Sea
sea level 5700 m
18,701 ft
 Comoros Mount Karthala on Grande Comore 2360 m
7,743 ft
Indian Ocean sea level 2360 m
7,743 ft
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Margherita Peak 5109 m
16,762 ft
South Atlantic Ocean sea level 5109 m
16,762 ft
 Republic of the Congo Mont Nabeba 1020 m
3,346 ft
South Atlantic Ocean sea level 1020 m
3,346 ft
 Cook Islands Te Manga on Rarotonga 652 m
2,139 ft
South Pacific Ocean sea level 652 m
2,139 ft
Coral Sea Islands Coral Sea Islands unnamed location on Cato Island 29 m
95 ft
South Pacific Ocean sea level 29 m
95 ft
 Costa Rica Cerro Chirripó 3820 m
12,533 ft
North Pacific Ocean
Caribbean Sea
sea level 3820 m
12,533 ft
 Ivory Coast Mont Nimba 1752 m
5,748 ft
Gulf of Guinea sea level 1752 m
5,748 ft
 Croatia Dinara 1831 m
6,007 ft
Adriatic Sea sea level 1831 m
6,007 ft
 Cuba Pico Turquino 1974 m
6,476 ft
Caribbean Sea sea level 1974 m
6,476 ft
 Curaçao Christoffelberg 375 m
1,230 ft
Caribbean Sea sea level 375 m
1,230 ft
 Cyprus Mount Olympus 1951 m
6,401 ft
Mediterranean Sea sea level 1951 m
6,401 ft
 Czech Republic Sněžka 1602 m
5,256 ft
Elbe 115 m
377 ft
1487 m
4,879 ft
 Denmark Møllehøj 171 m
561 ft
Lammefjord −7 m
−23 ft
178 m
584 ft
 Djibouti Mousa Ali 2028 m
6,654 ft
Lake Assal[16] −155 m
−509 ft
2183 m
7,162 ft
 Dominica Morne Diablotins 1447 m
4,747 ft
Caribbean Sea sea level 1447 m
4,747 ft
 Dominican Republic Pico Duarte[17] 3098 m
10,164 ft
Lago Enriquillo[18][19] on Hispaniola −45 m
−148 ft
3143 m
10,312 ft
 Ecuador Chimborazo[20] 6267 m
20,561 ft
Pacific Ocean sea level 6267 m
20,561 ft
 Egypt Mount Catherine 2629 m
8,625 ft
Qattara Depression −133 m
−436 ft
2762 m
9,062 ft
 El Salvador Cerro El Pital 2730 m
8,957 ft
North Pacific Ocean sea level 2730 m
8,957 ft
 Equatorial Guinea Pico Basile on Bioko 3008 m
9,869 ft
North Atlantic Ocean sea level 3008 m
9,869 ft
 Eritrea Emba Soira 3018 m
9,902 ft
Lake Kulul −75 m
−246 ft
3093 m
10,148 ft
 Estonia Suur Munamägi 318 m
1,043 ft
Baltic Sea sea level 318 m
1,043 ft
 Ethiopia Ras Dejen 4550 m
14,928 ft
Danakil Depression −125 m
−410 ft
4675 m
15,338 ft
 Falkland Islands Mount Usborne on East Falkland 705 m
2,313 ft
South Atlantic Ocean sea level 705 m
2,313 ft
 Faroe Islands Slættaratindur on Eysturoy 882 m
2,894 ft
North Atlantic Ocean sea level 882 m
2,894 ft
 Fiji Tomanivi on Viti Levu 1324 m
4,344 ft
South Pacific Ocean sea level 1324 m
4,344 ft
 Finland Halti 1324 m
4,344 ft
Baltic Sea sea level 1324 m
4,344 ft
 France Mont Blanc[21] 4810 m
15,781 ft
Les Moëres, Nord −4 m
−13 ft
4814 m
15,794 ft
 French Guiana Bellevue de l'Inini 851 m
2,792 ft
North Atlantic Ocean sea level 851 m
2,792 ft
 French Polynesia Mont Orohena[22] 2241 m
7,352 ft
South Pacific Ocean sea level 2241 m
7,352 ft
 French Southern and Antarctic Lands Mont Ross on Iles Kerguelen 1850 m
6,070 ft
Indian Ocean sea level 1850 m
6,070 ft
 Gabon Mont Bengoué 1070 m
3,510 ft
Atlantic Ocean sea level 1070 m
3,510 ft
 Gambia Red Rock 53 m
174 ft
North Atlantic Ocean sea level 53 m
174 ft
 Georgia Shkhara 5193 m
17,037 ft
Black Sea sea level 5193 m
17,037 ft
 Germany Zugspitze 2962 m
9,718 ft
Neuendorf-Sachsenbande −4 m
−12 ft
2966 m
9,729 ft
 Ghana Mount Afadjato 880 m
2,887 ft
Gulf of Guinea sea level 880 m
2,887 ft
 Gibraltar Rock of Gibraltar 426 m
1,398 ft
Strait of Gibraltar sea level 426 m
1,398 ft
 Greece Mount Olympus 2919 m
9,577 ft
Mediterranean Sea sea level 2919 m
9,577 ft
 Greenland Gunnbjørn Fjeld[23][24] on Greenland 3700 m
12,139 ft
Arctic Ocean
North Atlantic Ocean
sea level 3700 m
12,139 ft
 Grenada Mount Saint Catherine 840 m
2,756 ft
Caribbean Sea sea level 840 m
2,756 ft
 Guadeloupe La Grande Soufrière on Île de Basse-Terre 1484 m
4,869 ft
Caribbean Sea sea level 1484 m
4,869 ft
 Guam Mount Lamlam[25] on Guam 406 m
1,332 ft
North Pacific Ocean sea level 406 m
1,332 ft
 Guatemala Volcán Tajumulco[26] 4220 m
13,845 ft
North Pacific Ocean
Caribbean Sea
sea level 4220 m
13,845 ft
 Guernsey Le Moulin 114 m
374 ft
English Channel sea level 114 m
374 ft
 Guinea Mont Nimba 1752 m
5,748 ft
North Atlantic Ocean sea level 1752 m
5,748 ft
 Guinea-Bissau unnamed location in the northeast corner of the country 300 m
984 ft
North Atlantic Ocean sea level 300 m
984 ft
 Guyana Mount Roraima 2750 m
9,022 ft[27]
North Atlantic Ocean sea level 2750 m
9,022 ft
 Haiti Pic la Selle 2680 m
8,793 ft
Caribbean Sea sea level 2680 m
8,793 ft
Heard Island and McDonald Islands Heard Island and McDonald Islands Mawson Peak[7] 2745 m
9,006 ft
Indian Ocean sea level 2745 m
9,006 ft
 Honduras Cerro Las Minas 2870 m
9,416 ft
Caribbean Sea
North Pacific Ocean
sea level 2870 m
9,416 ft
 Hong Kong Tai Mo Shan 958 m
3,143 ft
South China Sea sea level 958 m
3,143 ft
 Hungary Kékes 1014 m
3,327 ft
Tisza 76 m
249 ft
938 m
3,077 ft
 Iceland Hvannadalshnúkur 2110 m
6,921 ft
North Atlantic Ocean sea level 2110 m
6,921 ft
 India Kangchenjunga[28][29] 8586 m
28,169 ft
Kuttanad[30] −2 m
−7 ft
8588 m
28,177 ft
 Indonesia Puncak Jaya[31][32] 4884 m
16,024 ft
Indian Ocean
South Pacific Ocean
sea level 4884 m
16,024 ft
 Iran Damavand 5610 m
18,406 ft
Caspian Sea −28 m
−92 ft
5638 m
18,497 ft
 Iraq Cheekha Dar 3611 m
11,847 ft
Persian Gulf sea level 3611 m
11,847 ft
 Ireland Carrauntoohil 1038 m
3,406 ft
North Slob on Ireland −3 m
−10 ft
1038 m
3,406 ft
 Isle of Man Snaefell 621 m
2,037 ft
Irish Sea sea level 621 m
2,037 ft
 Israel Mount Meron (Mount Hermon if the Golan Heights are included)[33] 1208 m
3,963 ft
Dead Sea[34] −428 m
−1,404 ft
1636 m
5,367 ft
 Italy Monte Bianco[21] 4810 m
15,781 ft
Jolanda di Savoia −3 m
−10 ft
4813 m
15,791 ft
 Jamaica Blue Mountain Peak 2256 m
7,402 ft
Caribbean Sea sea level 2256 m
7,402 ft
 Japan Mount Fuji on Honshū 3776 m
12,388 ft
Hachiro-gata on Honshū −4 m
−13 ft
3780 m
12,402 ft
 Jersey Les Platons 143 m
469 ft
English Channel sea level 143 m
469 ft
 Jordan Jabal Umm ad Dami 1854 m
6,083 ft
Dead Sea[34] −428 m
−1,404 ft
2276 m
7,467 ft
 Kazakhstan Khan Tengri 7010 m
22,999 ft
Karagiye Depression −132 m
−433 ft
7142 m
23,432 ft
 Kenya Mount Kenya 5199 m
17,057 ft
Indian Ocean sea level 5199 m
17,057 ft
 Kiribati unnamed location on Banaba 81 m
266 ft
Pacific Ocean sea level 81 m
266 ft
 North Korea Paektu-san 2744 m
9,003 ft
Sea of Japan
Yellow Sea
sea level 2744 m
9,003 ft
 South Korea Halla-san on Jejudo 1950 m
6,398 ft
Sea of Japan
Yellow Sea
sea level 1950 m
6,398 ft
Kosovo Kosovo[35] Gjeravica 2656 m
8,714 ft
White Drin 297 m
974 ft
2359 m
7,740 ft
 Kuwait Mutla Ridge 306 m
1,004 ft
Persian Gulf sea level 306 m
1,004 ft
 Kyrgyzstan Jengish Chokusu 7439 m
24,406 ft
Kara Darya 435 m
1,427 ft
7004 m
22,979 ft
 Laos Phou Bia 2817 m
9,242 ft
Mekong 70 m
230 ft
2747 m
9,012 ft
 Latvia Gaizinkalns 312 m
1,024 ft
Baltic Sea sea level 312 m
1,024 ft
 Lebanon Qurnat as Sawda' 3088 m
10,131 ft
Mediterranean Sea sea level 3088 m
10,131 ft
 Lesotho Thabana Ntlenyana[36] 3482 m
11,424 ft
confluence of Orange River and Makhaleng River 1400 m
4,593 ft
2082 m
6,831 ft
 Liberia Mount Wuteve 1440 m
4,724 ft
North Atlantic Ocean sea level 1440 m
4,724 ft
 Libya Bikku Bitti 2267 m
7,438 ft
Sabkhat Ghuzayyil −47 m
−154 ft
2314 m
7,592 ft
 Liechtenstein Grauspitz 2599 m
8,527 ft
Rhine 430 m
1,411 ft
2169 m
7,116 ft
 Lithuania Aukštojas Hill 294 m
964 ft
Nemunas Delta −5 m
−16 ft
295 m
968 ft
 Luxembourg Kneiff 560 m
1,837 ft
Moselle River 133 m
436 ft
427 m
1,401 ft
 Macau Coloane Alto on Gau Ou Saan 172 m
564 ft
South China Sea sea level 172 m
564 ft
 Macedonia Golem Korab 2764 m
9,068 ft
Vardar 50 m
164 ft
2714 m
8,904 ft
 Madagascar Maromokotro on Madagascar 2876 m
9,436 ft
Indian Ocean sea level 2876 m
9,436 ft
 Malawi Mount Mulanje 3002 m
9,849 ft
Shire River 37 m
121 ft
2965 m
9,728 ft
 Malaysia Gunung Kinabalu on Borneo 4095 m
13,435 ft
South China Sea
Indian Ocean
sea level 4095 m
13,435 ft
 Maldives[37] unnamed location on Villingili[38] 2 m
8 ft
Indian Ocean sea level 2 m
8 ft
 Mali Hombori Tondo 1155 m
3,789 ft
Senegal River 23 m
75 ft
1132 m
3,714 ft
 Malta Ta'Dmejrek on Malta Island 253 m
830 ft
Mediterranean Sea sea level 253 m
830 ft
 Marshall Islands unnamed location on Likiep 10 m
33 ft
North Pacific Ocean sea level 10 m
33 ft
 Martinique Montagne Pelee 1397 m
4,583 ft
Caribbean Sea sea level 1397 m
4,583 ft
 Mauritania Kediet ej Jill 915 m
3,002 ft
Sebkha de Ndrhamcha −5 m
−16 ft
920 m
3,018 ft
 Mauritius Piton de la Petite Rivière Noire 828 m
2,717 ft
Indian Ocean sea level 828 m
2,717 ft
 Mayotte Benara on Mahoré 660 m
2,165 ft
Mozambique Channel sea level 660 m
2,165 ft
 Mexico Volcán Citlaltépetl (Pico de Orizaba)[39] 5636 m
18,491 ft
Laguna Salada −10 m
−33 ft
5646 m
18,524 ft
 Federated States of Micronesia Dolohmwar on Pohnpei 791 m
2,595 ft
North Pacific Ocean sea level 791 m
2,595 ft
 Moldova Dealul Bălăneşti 430 m
1,411 ft
Dniester 2 m
7 ft
428 m
1,404 ft
 Monaco along Chemin des Révoires on Mont Agel 161 m
528 ft
Mediterranean Sea sea level 161 m
528 ft
 Mongolia Khüiten Peak 4374 m
14,350 ft
Hoh Nuur 518 m
1,699 ft
3856 m
12,651 ft
 Montenegro Zla Kolata 2534 m
8,314 ft
Adriatic Sea sea level 2534 m
8,314 ft
 Montserrat Chances Peak 915 m
3,002 ft
Caribbean Sea sea level 915 m
3,002 ft
 Morocco[40] Jbel Toubkal 4165 m
13,665 ft
Sebkha Tah −55 m
−180 ft
4220 m
13,845 ft
 Mozambique Monte Binga 2436 m
7,992 ft
Mozambique Channel sea level 2436 m
7,992 ft
 Namibia Königstein 2606 m
8,550 ft
South Atlantic Ocean sea level 2606 m
8,550 ft
 Nauru Command Ridge 71 m
233 ft
South Pacific Ocean sea level 71 m
233 ft
Navassa Island Navassa Island unnamed location 77 m
253 ft
Caribbean Sea sea level 77 m
253 ft
   Nepal Mount Everest[12] 8848 m
29,029 ft
Kanchan Kalan 70 m
230 ft
8778 m
28,799 ft
 Netherlands Mount Scenery[41] on Saba 887 m
2,910 ft
Vergeten Plek, in the Zuidplaspolder near Waddinxveen −7 m
−22 ft
894 m
2,932 ft
 New Caledonia Mont Panié 1628 m
5,341 ft
Coral Sea sea level 1628 m
5,341 ft
 New Zealand Aoraki/Mount Cook[42] in the South Island 3724 m
12,218 ft
Taieri Plains −2 m
−7 ft
3726 m
12,224 ft
 Nicaragua Mogoton 2107 m
6,913 ft
North Pacific Ocean
Caribbean Sea
sea level 2107 m
6,913 ft
 Niger Mont Idoukal-n-Taghès 2022 m
6,634 ft
Niger River 200 m
656 ft
1822 m
5,978 ft
 Nigeria Chappal Waddi 2419 m
7,936 ft
unnamed location on Lagos Island −0.2 m
−0.7 ft
2419 m
7,937 ft
 Niue unnamed location near Mutalau on Niue 68 m
223 ft
South Pacific Ocean sea level 68 m
223 ft
 Norfolk Island Mount Bates 319 m
1,047 ft
South Pacific Ocean sea level 319 m
1,047 ft
 Northern Mariana Islands unnamed location on Agrihan 965 m
3,166 ft
North Pacific Ocean sea level 965 m
3,166 ft
 Norway Galdhøpiggen 2469 m
8,100 ft
Norwegian Sea sea level 2469 m
8,100 ft
 Oman Jabal Shams 2980 m
9,777 ft
Arabian Sea sea level 2980 m
9,777 ft
 Pakistan K2[43][44] 8611 m
28,251 ft
Arabian Sea sea level 8611 m
28,251 ft
 Palau Mount Ngerchelchuus on Babeldaob 242 m
794 ft
North Pacific Ocean sea level 242 m
794 ft
 Palestine Mount Nabi Yunis 1030 m
3,379 ft
Dead Sea[34] −428 m
−1,404 ft
1444 m
4,738 ft
 Panama Volcán Barú 3475 m
11,401 ft
North Pacific Ocean
Caribbean Sea
sea level 3475 m
11,401 ft
 Papua New Guinea Mount Wilhelm 4509 m
14,793 ft
South Pacific Ocean sea level 4509 m
14,793 ft
 Paraguay Cerro Peró 842 m
2,762 ft
Rio Paraguay 46 m
151 ft
796 m
2,612 ft
 Peru Huascarán[45] 6768 m
22,205 ft
Sechura Depression −34 m
−112 ft
6802 m
22,316 ft
 Philippines Mount Apo on Mindanao 2954 m
9,692 ft
Philippine Sea
South China Sea
sea level 2954 m
9,692 ft
 Pitcairn Islands Pawala Valley Ridge 347 m
1,138 ft
South Pacific Ocean sea level 347 m
1,138 ft
 Poland Northwestern peak of Rysy 2499 m
8,199 ft
Żuławy Wiślane −2 m
−6 ft
2504 m
8,215 ft
 Portugal Ponta do Pico on Pico Island[46] 2351 m
7,713 ft
North Atlantic Ocean sea level 2351 m
7,713 ft
 Puerto Rico Cerro de Punta 1338 m
4,390 ft
Caribbean Sea sea level 1338 m
4,390 ft
 Qatar Qurayn Abu al Bawl 103 m
338 ft
Persian Gulf sea level 103 m
338 ft
 Réunion Piton des Neiges 3069 m
10,069 ft
Indian Ocean sea level 3069 m
10,069 ft
 Romania Moldoveanu 2544 m
8,346 ft
Black Sea sea level 2544 m
8,346 ft
 Russia Mount Elbrus[47][48] 5642 m
18,510 ft
Caspian Sea[49] −28 m
−92 ft
5670 m
18,602 ft
 Rwanda Mount Karisimbi 4519 m
14,826 ft
Ruzizi River 950 m
3,117 ft
3569 m
11,709 ft
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic[40] unnamed location 805 m
2,641 ft
Sebjet Tah −55 m
−180 ft
860 m
2,822 ft
 Saint Barthélemy Morne du Vitet 286 m
938 ft
Caribbean Sea sea level 286 m
938 ft
 Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Queen Mary's Peak on Tristan da Cunha 2060 m
6,759 ft
South Atlantic Ocean sea level 2060 m
6,759 ft
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Mount Liamuiga on Saint Kitts 1156 m
3,793 ft
Caribbean Sea sea level 1156 m
3,793 ft
 Saint Lucia Mount Gimie 950 m
3,117 ft
Caribbean Sea sea level 950 m
3,117 ft
 Saint Martin Pic Paradis on Saint Martin 424 m
1,391 ft
Caribbean Sea sea level 424 m
1,391 ft
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon Morne de la Grande Montagne on Miquelon 240 m
787 ft
North Atlantic Ocean sea level 240 m
787 ft
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines La Soufrière 1234 m
4,049 ft
Caribbean Sea sea level 1234 m
4,049 ft
 Samoa Mauga Silisili on Savai'i 1857 m
6,093 ft
South Pacific Ocean sea level 1857 m
6,093 ft
 San Marino Monte Titano 755 m
2,477 ft
Ausa River 55 m
180 ft
700 m
2,297 ft
 São Tomé and Príncipe Pico de São Tomé on São Tomé Island 2024 m
6,640 ft
Gulf of Guinea sea level 2024 m
6,640 ft
 Saudi Arabia Jabal Sawda 3000 m
9,843 ft
Persian Gulf
Red Sea
sea level 3000 m
9,843 ft
 Senegal unnamed feature near Nepen Diakha 581 m
1,906 ft
North Atlantic Ocean sea level 581 m
1,906 ft
 Serbia Midžor (Đeravica when Kosovo is considered as part of Serbia) 2169 m
7,116 ft
Iron Gate 28 m
92 ft
2141 m
7,024 ft
 Seychelles Morne Seychellois on Mahé 905 m
2,969 ft
Indian Ocean sea level 905 m
2,969 ft
 Sierra Leone Mount Bintumani 1948 m
6,391 ft
North Atlantic Ocean sea level 1948 m
6,391 ft
 Singapore Bukit Timah 164 m
537 ft
Singapore Strait sea level 164 m
537 ft
 Sint Maarten Sentry Hill on Sint Maarten 340 m
1,115 ft
Caribbean Sea sea level 340 m
1,115 ft
 Slovakia Gerlachovský štít 2655 m
8,711 ft
Bodrog 94 m
308 ft
2561 m
8,402 ft
 Slovenia Triglav 2864 m
9,396 ft
Adriatic Sea sea level 2864 m
9,396 ft
 Solomon Islands Mount Popomanaseu on Guadalcanal 2335 m
7,661 ft
South Pacific Ocean sea level 2335 m
7,661 ft
 Somalia Shimbiris 2450 m
8,038 ft
Indian Ocean sea level 2450 m
8,038 ft
 South Africa Mafadi 3450 m
11,319 ft
South Atlantic Ocean
Indian Ocean
sea level 3450 m
11,319 ft
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Mount Paget[50] 2934 m
9,626 ft
South Atlantic Ocean sea level 2934 m
9,626 ft
 South Sudan Kinyeti 3187 m
10,456 ft
White Nile 350 m
1,148 ft
2837 m
9,308 ft
 Spain Teide[51] on Tenerife[52] 3718 m
12,198 ft
North Atlantic Ocean
Mediterranean Sea
sea level 3718 m
12,198 ft
Spratly Islands[53] unnamed location on Southwest Cay 4 m
13 ft
South China Sea sea level 4 m
13 ft
 Sri Lanka Pidurutalagala on Sri Lanka 2524 m
8,281 ft
Indian Ocean sea level 2524 m
8,281 ft
 Sudan Deriba Caldera 3042 m
9,980 ft
Red Sea sea level 3042 m
9,980 ft
 Suriname Juliana Top 1230 m
4,035 ft
North Atlantic Ocean sea level 1230 m
4,035 ft
 Svalbard and Jan Mayen Haakon VII Toppen 2277 m
7,470 ft
Norwegian Sea sea level 2277 m
7,470 ft
 Swaziland Emlembe 1862 m
6,109 ft
Maputo River 21 m
69 ft
1841 m
6,040 ft
 Sweden Kebnekaise 2104 m
6,903 ft
Kristianstad −2 m
−8 ft
2106 m
6,911 ft
  Switzerland Monte Rosa 4634 m
15,203 ft
Lake Maggiore 193 m
633 ft
4441 m
14,570 ft
 Syria Jabal el-Sheikh 2814 m
9,232 ft
Northeast shores of the Sea of Galilee in the Golan Heights, from Syrian point of view. See Israeli-occupied territories −214 m
−702 ft
2814 m
9,232 ft
 Taiwan[54] Yu Shan 3952 m
12,966 ft
South China Sea sea level 3952 m
12,966 ft
 Tajikistan Ismoil Somoni Peak 7495 m
24,590 ft
Syr Darya 300 m
984 ft
7195 m
23,606 ft
 Tanzania Kilimanjaro[55][56] 5892 m
19,331 ft
Indian Ocean sea level 5892 m
19,331 ft
 Thailand Doi Inthanon 2565 m
8,415 ft
Gulf of Thailand
Andaman Sea
sea level 2565 m
8,415 ft
 Timor-Leste Mount Ramelau on Timor 2963 m
9,721 ft
Timor Sea sea level 2963 m
9,721 ft
 Togo Mont Agou 986 m
3,235 ft
Bight of Benin sea level 986 m
3,235 ft
 Tokelau unnamed location 5 m
16 ft
South Pacific Ocean sea level 5 m
16 ft
 Tonga unnamed location on Kao 1033 m
3,389 ft
South Pacific Ocean sea level 1033 m
3,389 ft
 Trinidad and Tobago El Cerro del Aripo on Trinidad 940 m
3,084 ft
Caribbean Sea sea level 940 m
3,084 ft
 Tunisia Jebel ech Chambi 1544 m
5,066 ft
Shatt al Gharsah −17 m
−56 ft
1561 m
5,121 ft
 Turkey Mount Ararat 5137 m
16,854 ft
Mediterranean Sea
Black Sea
sea level 5137 m
16,854 ft
 Turkmenistan Gora Ayrybaba 3139 m
10,299 ft
Vpadina Akchanaya[57] −81 m
−266 ft
3220 m
10,564 ft
 Turks and Caicos Islands Blue Hills on Providenciales 49 m
161 ft
North Atlantic Ocean sea level 49 m
161 ft
 Tuvalu unnamed location 5 m
15 ft
South Pacific Ocean sea level 5 m
15 ft
 Uganda Margherita Peak 5109 m
16,762 ft
Albert Nile 621 m
2,037 ft
4488 m
14,724 ft
 Ukraine Hora Hoverla 2061 m
6,762 ft
Kuyalnik Estuary −5 m
−16 ft
2066 m
6,778 ft
 United Arab Emirates unnamed knoll west of Jabal Bil Ays 1910 m
6,266 ft
Persian Gulf
Gulf of Oman
sea level 1910 m
6,266 ft
 United Kingdom Ben Nevis 1343 m
4,406 ft
The Fens −4 m
−13 ft
1347 m
4,419 ft
 United States Mount McKinley[58][59][60][61] 6194 m
20,322 ft
Badwater Basin[62] −85 m
−280 ft
6279 m
20,600 ft
 United States Minor Outlying Islands unnamed hill on Sand Island 13 m
43 ft
Pacific Ocean sea level 13 m
43 ft
 Uruguay Cerro Catedral 514 m
1,685 ft
South Atlantic Ocean sea level 514 m
1,685 ft
 Uzbekistan Khazret Sultan 4643 m
15,233 ft
Sariqarnish Kuli[57] −12 m
−39 ft
4655 m
15,272 ft
 Vanuatu Mount Tabwemasana on Espiritu Santo 1877 m
6,158 ft
South Pacific Ocean sea level 1877 m
6,158 ft
  Vatican City unnamed location 75 m
246 ft
Saint Peter's Square 33 m
108 ft
42 m
138 ft
 Venezuela Pico Bolívar 4978 m
16,332 ft
Caribbean Sea sea level 4978 m
16,332 ft
 Vietnam Fan Si Pan 3143 m
10,312 ft
South China Sea sea level 3143 m
10,312 ft
 British Virgin Islands Mount Sage on Tortola 521 m
1,709 ft
Caribbean Sea sea level 521 m
1,709 ft
 United States Virgin Islands Crown Mountain on Saint Thomas 474 m
1,555 ft
Caribbean Sea sea level 474 m
1,555 ft
 Wallis and Futuna Mont Puke on Futuna 524 m
1,719 ft
South Pacific Ocean sea level 524 m
1,719 ft
 Yemen Jabal an Nabi Shu'ayb 3666 m
12,028 ft
Arabian Sea sea level 3666 m
12,028 ft
 Zambia unnamed location in Mafinga Hills 2329 m
7,641 ft
Zambezi 329 m
1,079 ft
2000 m
6,562 ft
 Zimbabwe Mount Nyangani 2592 m
8,504 ft
confluence of Runde River and Save River 162 m
531 ft
2430 m
7,972 ft
Rotating earth (Very small).gif Earth Mount Everest[12] 8848 m
29,029 ft
Dead Sea[34] −428 m
−1,404 ft
9,276 m
30,433 ft

National elevation ranges[edit]

Of all countries, Lesotho has the world's highest low point at 1400 m. Other countries with high low points include Rwanda (950 m) and Andorra (840 m). The Maldives have the world's lowest high point at 2.4 m. Other countries with very low high points include Tuvalu (5 m) and the Marshall Islands (10 m). These island countries also have the smallest range between their lowest (sea level) and highest points, and are very sensitive to rise in sea level.

The highest and lowest points in China constitute the greatest elevation range within any single country at 9002 m. The elevation ranges are also great in Nepal (8778 m), Pakistan (8611 m), and India (8588 m).

Monaco's elevation range is among the greatest relative to surface area. Within its 2.02 km2 territory, there is a difference of 140 m between its highest and lowest points, equivalent to an average gradient of 69 m for every km2. In Australia's 7,686,850 km2 area there is only a 2244 m difference between the highest and lowest points, which is equivalent to an average gradient of 292 μm gradient per km2.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Antarctica is a continent with no indigenous population and no state. The Antarctic Treaty System extends to all activities south of the 60th Parallel South.
  2. ^ The summit of Vinson Massif is the highest point in the Polar Regions.
  3. ^ The summit of Vinson Massif is the sixth most topographically isolated and the eighth most topographically prominent point on Earth.
  4. ^ The summit of Aconcagua is the highest point outside of Asia.
  5. ^ The summit of Aconcagua is the second most prominent point on Earth.
  6. ^ Laguna del Carbón is the lowest point in both the Western Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere.
  7. ^ a b The summit of Mawson Peak on Heard Island is the highest point on a dependent territory of Australia.
  8. ^ The summit of Mount Logan is the sixth most prominent point on Earth.
  9. ^ Ojos del Salado is the highest volcano on Earth.
  10. ^ The summit of Rapa Nui (Easter Island) is the twelfth most topographically isolated point on Earth.
  11. ^ China has the broadest range of surface elevations of any country with a span of 9,004 m (29,541 ft).
  12. ^ a b c The summit of Mount Everest is the highest point on Earth.
  13. ^ Aydingkol is the third lowest depression on Earth.
  14. ^ a b It has yet to be determined whether Pico Cristóbal Colón or Pico Simón Bolívar is the highest point of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta mountain range.
  15. ^ a b The higher summit of either Pico Cristóbal Colón or Pico Simón Bolívar is the fifth most prominent point on Earth.
  16. ^ Lake Asal is the second lowest depression on Earth.
  17. ^ The summit of Pico Duarte on Hispaniola is the highest point in the Caribbean.
  18. ^ Eva Joelisa Romero Luna; Dina Poteau (August 2011). "Water Level Fluctuations of Lake Enriquillo and Lake Saumatre in Response to Environmental Changes" (PDF). Cornell University. Retrieved December 4, 2012. 
  19. ^ The shore of Lago Enriquillo on Hispaniola is the lowest point on any ocean island.
  20. ^ The summit of Chimborazo is the farthest point from the center of the Earth.
  21. ^ a b The summit of Mont Blanc (Monte Bianco) is the highest point in Western Europe.
  22. ^ The summit of Mont Orohena on Tahiti is the seventh most topographically isolated point on Earth.
  23. ^ The summit of Gunnbjørn Fjeld on Greenland is the highest point in the Arctic.
  24. ^ The summit of Gunnbjørn Fjeld on Greenland is the ninth most topographically isolated point on Earth.
  25. ^ The summit of Mount Lamlam on Guam is 11,377 meters (37,326 ft) above the Challenger Deep.
  26. ^ The summit of Volcán Tajumulco is the highest point in Central America.
  27. ^ Presumed altitude. Mount Roraima is a large, roughly flat tabletop plateau (a tepui) where the borders of Guyana, Venezuela and Brazil meet. Its highest elevation is at 2,810 m or 9,219 ft, but that point is fully inside Venezuelan territory. The highest point in the Brazilian part of the mountain was determined by a 2005 Brazilian Army survey to be at the international border tripoint and measured by GPS to be at 2,734 m or 8,970 ft. The exact highest point on the Guyanese side of the mountain is not known and may be the border tripoint as well, but it is certainly close to that altitude value anyway. It should also be noted that Venezuela claims that region of Guyana as Guayana Esequiba and therefore does not recognize Mount Roraima as containing Guyana's highest point.
  28. ^ Kangchenjunga is the third highest mountain peak on Earth.
  29. ^ India claims all of Kashmir and Jammu. If recognized, this would make the summit of K2 the highest point in India.
  30. ^ "Restoring Kuttanad to its heyday". The Hindu Business Line. 2009-02-02. 
  31. ^ The summit of Puncak Jaya on New Guinea is the highest point on any ocean island.
  32. ^ The summit of Puncak Jaya on New Guinea is the fifth most topographically isolated and the ninth most topographically prominent point on Earth.
  33. ^ Only the southern slopes, not the summit of Mount Hermon, extend into Israeli-occupied territory (Golan Heights). A peak in this area rises to 2236m. Israel has annexed and administers the Golan Heights territory, but its territorial claim is not recognized by the international community which considers the area to be a part of Syria and not Israel
  34. ^ a b c d The shore of the Dead Sea is the lowest point on the surface of the Earth, the water table drops about 1 m per year, level -428 m refers to year 2014.
  35. ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments normalised relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels Agreement. Kosovo has been recognised as an independent state by 108 out of 193 United Nations member states.
  36. ^ The summit of Thabana Ntlenyana is the eleventh most topographically isolated point on Earth.
  37. ^ Maldives has the narrowest range of surface elevations of any country with a span of just 2.4 m (8 ft). Maldives has an average surface elevation of just 800 mm (31 in).
  38. ^ The high point of Villingili in Maldives is the lowest high point of any country.
  39. ^ The summit of Volcán Citlaltépetl (Pico de Orizaba) is the seventh most prominent point on Earth.
  40. ^ a b Both Morocco and the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic claim all of Western Sahara.
  41. ^ The summit of the Vaalserberg at 322.7 m (1059 ft) is the highest point in the European Netherlands.
  42. ^ The summit of Aoraki/Mount Cook on the South Island is the tenth most topographically isolated point on Earth.
  43. ^ K2 is the second highest mountain peak on Earth.
  44. ^ The area around K2 is claimed by Pakistan, India, and China, although it is currently occupied by Pakistan.
  45. ^ The summit of Huascarán is the highest point in the Tropics.
  46. ^ The summit of Torre is the highest point in continental Portugal.
  47. ^ The summit of Mount Elbrus is the highest point in Europe.
  48. ^ The summit of Mount Elbrus is the tenth most prominent point on Earth.
  49. ^ The shore of the Caspian Sea is the lowest point in Europe.
  50. ^ Mount Paget on South Georgia is the highest mountain peak in the South Atlantic Ocean.
  51. ^ Teide on Tenerife is the highest mountain peak in the Atlantic Ocean.
  52. ^ The summit of Mulhacén is the highest point in continental Spain.
  53. ^ The Spratly Islands are claimed by China, Taiwan, Vietnam, Malaysia and the Philippines.
  54. ^ The sovereignty of the Republic of China, which controls Taiwan, is disputed.
  55. ^ The summit of Mount Kilimanjaro is the highest point in Africa.
  56. ^ The summit of Mount Kilimanjaro is the fourth most prominent point on Earth.
  57. ^ a b Sarygamysh Koli (Turkmen: Sarygamyş köli, Uzbek: Sariqamish ko‘li) is a salt lake on the border between Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan which dries into salt ponds and can eventually leave a salt flat with an elevation as low as −110 m (−361 ft) in Turkmenistan. At present, the water level of the main lake in Turkmenistan is about −60 m (−197 ft) with a higher lake in Uzbekistan at −12 m (−39 ft).
  58. ^ The summit of Mount McKinley (Denali) is the highest point in North America.
  59. ^ The summit of Mount McKinley (Denali) is the third most prominent point on Earth.
  60. ^ Mauna Kea on Hawaiʻi is the highest mountain peak in the North Pacific Ocean.
  61. ^ The summit of Mauna Kea on Hawaiʻi is the eighth most topographically isolated point on Earth.
  62. ^ The Badwater Basin in Death Valley is the lowest point in North America.

External links[edit]