List of countries by inequality-adjusted HDI

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World map of all countries by the inequality-adjusted Human Development Index.
  0.850–0.899
  0.800–0.849
  0.750–0.799
  0.700–0.749
  0.650–0.699
  0.600–0.649
  0.550–0.599
  0.500–0.549
  0.450–0.499
  0.400–0.449
  0.350–0.399
  0.300–0.349
  0.250–0.300
  0.200–0.250
  Data unavailable

This is a list of countries by inequality-adjusted human development index (IHDI), as published by the UNDP in its 2016 Human Development Report. According to the 2016 Report, "The IHDI can be interpreted as the level of human development when inequality is accounted for," whereas the Human Development Index itself is "an index of potential human development (or the maximum IHDI that could be achieved if there were no inequality)."[1][2]

The HDI, from which the IHDI derives, is a composite statistic of life expectancy, education, and per capita income indicators, which are used to rank countries into four tiers of human development. The HDI was developed by Pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq, and is anchored in the Indian Nobel laureate Amartya Sen’s work on human capabilities. It is often framed in terms of whether people are able to "be" and "do" desirable things in their life, and was published by the United Nations Development Programme. Though insightful, the index does not reckon several factors, such as the net wealth per capita, the relative quality of goods, CO2 emissions, crime rate or risk of insolvency in a country. This situation tends to lower the rank for some of the most advanced countries, such as the G7 members and others.[3]

Methodology[edit]

The index captures the HDI of the average person in society, which is less than the aggregate HDI when there is inequality in the distribution of health, education and income. Under perfect equality, the HDI and IHDI are equal; the greater the difference between the two, the greater the inequality.

The IHDI, estimated for 151 countries, captures the losses in human development due to inequality in health, education and income. Losses in all three dimensions vary across countries, ranging from just a few percent (Czech Republic, Slovenia) up to over 40% (Comoros, Central African Republic). Overall loss takes into account all three dimensions.[4]

List[edit]

The table below ranks countries according to their inequality-adjusted human development index (IHDI) and compares it to their HDI. Data is based on 2017 estimates.

2017 inequality-adjusted HDI (IHDI) (2018 report)[5][edit]

Above average (0.582):
Rank Country IHDI
1  Iceland 0.878
2  Japan 0.876
2  Norway 0.876
4   Switzerland 0.871
5  Finland 0.868
6  Sweden 0.864
7  Australia 0.861
7  Germany 0.861
9  Denmark 0.860
10  Netherlands 0.857
11  Ireland 0.854
12  Canada 0.852
13  New Zealand 0.846
14  Slovenia 0.846
15  Czech Republic 0.840
16  Belgium 0.836
17  Austria 0.835
18  United Kingdom 0.835
19  Singapore 0.816
20  Luxembourg 0.811
21  Hong Kong 0.809
22  France 0.808
23  Malta 0.805
24  Slovakia 0.797
25  United States 0.797
26  Estonia 0.794
27  Israel 0.787
28  Poland 0.787
29  South Korea 0.773
30  Hungary 0.772
31  Italy 0.771
32  Cyprus 0.769
33  Latvia 0.759
34  Lithuania 0.757
35  Croatia 0.756
36  Belarus 0.755
37  Spain 0.754
38  Greece 0.753
39  Montenegro 0.741
40  Russia 0.738
41  Kazakhstan 0.737
42  Portugal 0.732
43  Romania 0.717
44  Bulgaria 0.710
45  Chile 0.710
46  Argentina 0.707
47  Iran 0.707
48  Albania 0.706
49  Ukraine 0.701
50  Uruguay 0.689
51  Mauritius 0.683
52  Georgia 0.682
53  Azerbaijan 0.681
54  Armenia 0.680
55  Barbados 0.669
56  Turkey 0.669
57  Serbia 0.667
58  Sri Lanka 0.664
59  Rep. of Macedonia 0.661
60  Costa Rica 0.651
61  Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.649
62  China 0.643
63  Mongolia 0.639
64  Venezuela 0.636
65  Thailand 0.636
66  Moldova 0.627
67  Panama 0.623
68  Saint Lucia 0.622
68  Jordan 0.617
70  Mexico 0.609
71  Jamaica 0.608
72  Kyrgyzstan 0.606
73  Peru 0.606
74  Ecuador 0.603
75  Algeria 0.598
76  Palestine 0.583
    Below average:
Rank Country IHDI
77  Dominican Republic 0.581
78  Brazil 0.578
79  Turkmenistan 0.575
80  Philippines 0.574
81  Vietnam 0.574
82  Tunisia 0.573
83  Colombia 0.571
84  Indonesia 0.563
85  Tajikistan 0.562
86  Suriname 0.557
87  Belize 0.550
88  Maldives 0.549
89  Iraq 0.546
90  Gabon 0.545
91  Guyana 0.532
92  El Salvador 0.524
93  Paraguay 0.522
94  Bolivia 0.514
95  Nicaragua 0.507
96  Vanuatu 0.499
97  Egypt 0.493
98  São Tomé and Príncipe 0.473
99  Cambodia 0.469
100  Rep. of the Congo 0.469
101  India 0.468
102  Guatemala 0.467
103  South Africa 0.467
104  Myanmar 0.466
105  Bangladesh 0.462
106  Honduras 0.459
107  Timor-Leste 0.452
108  Bhutan 0.446
109  Laos 0.445
110  Kenya 0.434
111    Nepal 0.427
112  Namibia 0.422
113  Ghana 0.420
114  Swaziland 0.414
115  Tanzania 0.404
116  Angola 0.393
117  Zambia 0.388
118  Pakistan 0.387
119  Madagascar 0.385
120  Uganda 0.370
121  Rwanda 0.367
122  Cameroon 0.366
123  Lesotho 0.359
124  Afghanistan 0.350
125  Mauritania 0.348
126  Nigeria 0.347
127  Togo 0.344
128  Senegal 0.340
129  Malawi 0.332
130  Ethiopia 0.331
131  Sudan 0.328
132  Benin 0.326
133  Dem. Rep. of the Congo 0.319
134  Côte d'Ivoire 0.311
135  Yemen 0.308
136  Djibouti 0.306
137  Guinea 0.306
138  Haiti 0.304
139  Liberia 0.298
140  Mozambique 0.294
141  Gambia 0.289
142  Burkina Faso 0.288
143  Mali 0.282
144  Burundi 0.278
145  Guinea-Bissau 0.276
146  Comoros 0.275
147  Sierra Leone 0.266
148  Niger 0.250
149  Chad 0.249
150  South Sudan 0.247
151  Central African Republic 0.212

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Human Development Reports, Composite indices — HDI and beyond (2015) 87
  2. ^ "Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index (IHDI)". Hdr.undp.org. Retrieved 2010-11-05.
  3. ^ The Courier. Commission of the European Communities. 1994.
  4. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions - Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index (IHDI)". United Nations.
  5. ^ "- Human Development Reports". hdr.undp.org.

External links[edit]

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