List of countries by inflation rate

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This is a list of cities and states sorted by CIA-based inflation rate. Inflation rate is defined as the annual percent change in consumer prices compared with the previous year's consumer prices.

The list is based on the CIA World Factbook data[1] unless otherwise indicated, and is updated according to the statistical updates by respective cities.

Country Inflation rate
(consumer prices)
(%)
Date of
information
 Andorra −0.90 2015 est.
 Chad −0.90 2017 est.
 Saudi Arabia −0.90 2017 est.
 Togo −0.70 2017 est.
 American Samoa −0.50 2015 est.
 Liechtenstein −0.40 2016 est.
 Solomon Islands −0.40 2017 est.
 Faroe Islands −0.30 2016 est.
 Aruba −0.10 2017 est.
 Brunei −0.10 2017 est.
 Puerto Rico -0.06 2019 est.
 French Polynesia 0.00 2015 est.
 Benin 0.10 2017 est.
 Saint Lucia 0.10 2017 est.
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.10 2017 est.
 Iraq 0.10 2017 est.
 Israel 0.20 2017 est.
 Greenland 0.30 January 2017 est.
 Northern Mariana Islands 0.30 2016 est.
 Ireland 0.30 2017 est.
 Ecuador 0.40 2017 est.
 Qatar 0.40 2017 est.
 Burkina Faso 0.40 2017 est.
 Micronesia, Federated States of 0.50 2017 est.
 Japan 0.50 2017 est.
 Congo, Republic of the 0.50 2017 est.
  Switzerland 0.4 January 2020[2]
 Dominica 0.60 2017 est.
 Taiwan 0.60 2017 est.
 East Timor 0.60 2017 est.
 Cameroon 0.60 2017 est.
 Singapore 0.60 2017 est.
 Marshall Islands 0.70 2017 est.
 Djibouti 0.70 2017 est.
 Cyprus 0.70 2017 est.
 Thailand 0.70 2017 est.
 Equatorial Guinea 0.70 2017 est.
 Morocco 0.80 2017 est.
 Laos 0.80 2017 est.
 Ivory Coast 0.80 2017 est.
 Cape Verde 0.80 2017 est.
 West Bank 0.80 2017 est.
 Gaza Strip 0.80 2017 est.
 Finland 0.80 2017 est.
 Palau 0.90 2017 est.
 Panama 0.90 2017 est.
 Armenia 0.90 2017 est.
 Wallis and Futuna 0.90 2015 est.
 San Marino 0.90 2017 est.
 Guam 1.00 2017 est.
 El Salvador 1.00 2017 est.
 Comoros 1.00 2017 est.
 Cayman Islands 1.00 2017 est.
 United States Virgin Islands 1.00 2016 est.
 Guinea-Bissau 1.10 2017 est.
 Greece 1.10 2017 est.
 Denmark 1.10 2017 est.
 Montserrat 1.10 2017 est.
 Belize 1.10 2017 est.
 Croatia 1.10 2017 est.
 Bulgaria 1.20 2017 est.
 Macau 1.20 2017 est.
 France 1.20 2017 est.
 Slovakia 1.30 2017 est.
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.30 2017 est.
 Italy 1.30 2017 est.
 Samoa 1.30 2017 est.
 Netherlands 1.30 2017 est.
 Malta 1.30 2017 est.
 Falkland Islands 1.40 2014 est.
 Bahamas 1.40 2017 est.
 Bahrain 1.40 2017 est.
 Slovenia 1.40 2017 est.
 Senegal 1.40 2017 est.
 Macedonia 1.40 2017 est.
 European Union 1.50 2017 est.
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon 1.50 2015 est.
 Turks and Caicos Islands 1.50 2017 est.
 Somalia 1.50 2017 est.
 Monaco 1.50 2010 est.
 Kosovo 1.50 2017 est.
 Kuwait 1.50 2017 est.
 Australia 1.70 2019 est.
 New Zealand 1.50 2019 est.
 Hong Kong 1.50 2017 est.
 Costa Rica 1.60 2017 est.
 China 1.60 2017 est.
 Oman 1.60 2017 est.
 Portugal 1.60 2017 est.
 Bermuda 1.60 2017 est.
 Canada 1.60 2017 est.
 Germany 1.70 2017 est.
 Iceland 1.80 2017 est.
 Mali 1.80 2017 est.
 United Kingdom 1.80 2019 est.
 New Caledonia 1.90 2017 est.
 Korea, South 1.90 2017 est.
 Norway 1.90 2017 est.
 Sweden 1.90 2017 est.
 Trinidad and Tobago 1.90 2017 est.
 Spain 2.00 2017 est.
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2.00 2017 est.
 United Arab Emirates 2.00 2017 est.
 Albania 2.00 2017 est.
 Grenada 2.00 2017 est.
 Poland 2.30 2020 est. [3]
 Guyana 2.10 2017 est.
 Luxembourg 2.10 2017 est.
 United States 2.10 2017 est.
 Anguilla 2.10 2017 est.
 Chile 2.20 2017 est.
 Austria 2.20 2017 est.
 Kiribati 2.20 2017 est.
 Belgium 2.20 2017 est.
 Cook Islands 2.20 2011 est.
 Mauritania 2.30 2017 est.
 Egypt 2.40 2019 est.
 Tuvalu 2.40 2017 est.
 Niger 2.40 2017 est.
 Montenegro 2.40 2017 est.
 Hungary 2.40 2017 est.
 Czech Republic 2.40 2017 est.
 British Virgin Islands 2.50 2017 est.
 Gibraltar 2.50 2013 est.
 Antigua and Barbuda 2.50 2017 est.
 Curaçao 2.60 2013 est.
 Bolivia 2.80 2017 est.
 Peru 2.80 2017 est.
 Maldives 2.80 2017 est.
 Seychelles 2.90 2017 est.
 Latvia 2.90 2017 est.
 Cambodia 2.90 2017 est.
 Gabon 3.00 2017 est.
 Vanuatu 3.10 2017 est.
 Serbia 3.10 2017 est.
 Philippines 3.20 2017 est.
 Kyrgyzstan 3.20 2017 est.
 Jordan 3.30 2017 est.
 Botswana 3.30 2017 est.
 Dominican Republic 3.30 2017 est.
 Guernsey 3.40 June 2006 est.
 Fiji 3.40 2017 est.
 Bhutan 3.40 2017 est.
 Vietnam 3.50 2017 est.
 Brazil 3.50 2020 est. [4]
 Paraguay 3.60 2017 est.
 Lithuania 3.70 2017 est.
 Estonia 3.70 2017 est.
 Mauritius 3.70 2017 est.
 Jersey 3.70 2006 est.
 Central African Republic 3.80 2017 est.
 Malaysia 3.80 2017 est.
 Indonesia 3.80 2017 est.
 Honduras 3.90 2017 est.
 Nicaragua 3.90 2017 est.
 Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha 4.00 2012 est.
 Niue 4.00 2005 est.
 Sint Maarten 4.00 2012 est.
 South Africa 4.10 2019 est.
 Pakistan 4.10 2017 est.
 Isle of Man 4.10 2017 est.
 Colombia 4.30 2017 est.
 Guatemala 4.40 2017 est.
 Barbados 4.40 2017 est.
 Jamaica 4.40 2017 est.
 Lebanon 4.50 2017 est.
   Nepal 4.50 2017 est.
 Russia 4.60 2019 est.
 Mongolia 4.60 2017 est.
 Cuba 4.80 2017 est.
 Rwanda 4.80 2017 est.
 Yemen 4.90 2017 est.
 Afghanistan 5.00 2017 est.
 Nauru 5.10 2017 est.
 Myanmar 5.10 2017 est.
 Papua New Guinea 5.20 2017 est.
 Tanzania 5.30 2017 est.
 Romania 5.41 2018 est.[5]
 São Tomé and Príncipe 5.50 2017 est.
 Lesotho 5.60 2017 est.
 Algeria 5.60 2017 est.
 Uganda 5.60 2017 est.
 Bangladesh 5.70 2017 est.
 Belarus 6.00 2017 est.
 Georgia 6.00 2017 est.
 Mexico 6.00 2017 est.
 Namibia 6.10 2017 est.
 Swaziland 6.30 2017 est.
 Sri Lanka 6.50 2017 est.
 Moldova 6.60 2017 est.
 Zambia 6.60 2017 est.
 Tunisia 7.10 2019 est.
 Tajikistan 7.30 2017 est.
 India 7.35 2019 est.[6]
 Kazakhstan 7.40 2017 est.
 Uruguay 7.60 2019 est.[7]
 Gambia 8.00 2017 est.
 Turkmenistan 8.00 2017 est.
 Tonga 8.00 2017 est.
 Kenya 8.00 2017 est.
 Madagascar 8.10 2017 est.
 Guinea 8.90 2017 est.
 Eritrea 9.00 2017 est.
 Ethiopia 9.90 2017 est.
 Malawi 11.50 2017 est.
 Ghana 12.40 2017 est.
 Liberia 12.40 2017 est.
 Uzbekistan 12.50 2017 est.
 Azerbaijan 13.00 2017 est.
 Ukraine 8.03 2019 est.[8]
 Haiti 14.70 2017 est.
 Mozambique 15.30 2017 est.
 Nigeria 16.50 2017 est.
 Burundi 16.60 2017 est.
 Turkey 16.65 2019 est.
 Sierra Leone 18.00 2017 est.
 Suriname 22.00 2017 est.
 Syria 25.50 2017 est.
 Libya 28.00 2017 est.
 Angola 31.70 2017 est.
 Sudan 32.40 2017 est.
 Congo, Democratic Republic of the 41.50 2017 est.
 South Sudan 48 2019 est.[9]
 Iran 51.4 May 2019[10]
 Argentina 54.70 2019 est.[11]
 Zimbabwe 175 2019 est.[12]
 Venezuela 50,100.00 September 2019[13]

List of countries by five-year trend[edit]

Countries are sorted by their inflation rate in 2017. Sources are the World bank and the International Monetary Fund.[14][15]

Country Inflation rate 2013
(consumer prices in %)
Inflation rate 2014
(consumer prices in %)
Inflation rate 2015
(consumer prices in %)
Inflation rate 2016
(consumer prices in %)
Inflation rate 2017
(consumer prices in %)
Average inflation rate 2013-2017
(consumer prices in %)
 Chad 0.15 1.68 3.67 −1.12 −0.92 0.68
 Togo 1.77 0.19 1.78 0.87 −0.80 0.76
 Aruba −2.37 0.42 0.48 −0.89 −0.48 -0.57
 Saudi Arabia 3.51 2.67 2.18 3.49 −0.24 2.31
 Brunei 0.38 −0.19 −0.42 −0.73 −0.17 -0.23
 Benin 0.89 −1.00 0.27 −0.85 0.08 -0.12
 Saint Lucia 1.47 3.52 −0.98 −3.09 0.12 0.18
 Iraq 1.88 2.24 1.39 0.53 0.18 1.24
 Palestine 1.72 1.73 1.43 −0.22 0.21 0.97
 Israel 1.53 0.48 −0.63 −0.55 0.24 0.21
 Ireland 0.51 0.18 −0.29 0.01 0.34 0.15
 Dominica −0.05 0.80 −0.79 0.23 0.35 0.11
 Burkina Faso 0.53 −0.26 0.96 −0.25 0.37 0.27
 Qatar 3.13 3.08 1.88 2.87 0.40 2.27
 Ecuador 2.74 3.57 3.97 1.73 0.42 2.48
 Republic of the Congo 6.01 0.08 4.51 3.19 0.45 2.82
 Japan 0.35 −2.76 0.79 −0.12 0.47 -0.26
 Solomon Islands 5.39 5.17 −0.57 0.51 0.49 2.17
  Switzerland −0.22 −0.01 −1.14 −0.44 0.53 -0.26
 Cyprus −0.40 −1.36 −2.10 −1.69 0.53 -1.01
 Timor-Leste 11.09 0.73 0.55 −1.34 0.56 2.22
 Djibouti 2.71 1.34 −0.85 2.74 0.57 1.29
 Singapore 2.36 1.03 −0.52 −0.53 0.58 0.58
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 1.11 0.25 −2.30 −0.69 0.59 -0.22
 Cameroon 2.05 1.86 2.68 0.87 0.64 1.62
 Thailand 2.18 1.89 −0.90 0.19 0.67 0.80
 Ivory Coast 2.58 0.45 1.25 0.72 0.69 1.14
 Equatorial Guinea 2.95 4.31 1.68 1.41 0.74 2.21
 Finland 1.48 1.04 −0.21 0.36 0.75 0.68
 Morocco 1.89 0.44 1.56 1.64 0.76 1.26
 Cape Verde 1.51 −0.24 0.13 −1.41 0.78 0.15
 Laos 6.37 4.36 1.28 1.60 0.83 2.87
 Panama 4.03 2.64 0.13 0.74 0.88 1.67
 Grenada −0.04 −0.98 −0.52 1.65 0.91 0.20
 Zimbabwe 1.63 −0.21 −2.41 −1.56 0.91 -0.34
 Armenia 5.79 2.98 3.73 −1.40 0.97 2.38
 El Salvador 0.79 1.11 −0.73 0.60 1.01 0.55
 France 0.86 0.51 0.04 0.18 1.03 0.52
 San Marino 1.60 1.11 0.15 0.57 1.05 0.89
 Greece −0.92 −1.31 −1.74 −0.83 1.12 -0.74
 Croatia 2.22 −0.22 −0.46 −1.13 1.13 0.30
 Denmark 0.79 0.56 0.45 0.25 1.15 0.64
 Belize 0.51 1.20 −0.86 0.66 1.15 0.53
 Bosnia and Herzegovina −0.09 −0.90 −1.02 −1.09 1.17 -0.39
 Macau 5.51 6.04 4.56 2.37 1.23 3.93
 Italy 1.22 0.24 0.04 −0.09 1.23 0.53
 Palau 3.36 4.19 0.95 −1.04 1.28 1.73
 Slovakia 1.40 −0.08 −0.33 −0.52 1.31 0.35
 Senegal 0.70 −1.08 0.15 0.84 1.32 0.38
 Romania 3.99 1.07 −0.59 −1.55 1.34 0.83
 North Macedonia 2.78 −0.28 −0.30 −0.24 1.35 0.65
 Guinea-Bissau 1.21 −1.51 1.41 1.58 1.36 0.80
 Malta 1.38 0.31 1.10 0.64 1.36 0.96
 Portugal 0.27 −0.28 0.49 0.61 1.37 0.49
 Netherlands 2.51 0.98 0.60 0.32 1.38 1.16
 Bahrain 3.31 2.65 1.84 2.80 1.39 2.40
 Slovenia 1.76 0.20 −0.52 0.06 1.43 0.58
 Hong Kong 4.32 4.44 3.00 2.41 1.48 3.12
 Kosovo 1.76 0.43 −0.54 0.30 1.48 0.68
 Bahamas 0.35 1.50 1.87 −0.35 1.52 0.97
 China 2.63 2.00 1.44 2.00 1.59 1.93
 Canada 0.94 1.91 1.13 1.43 1.60 1.40
 Oman 1.25 1.01 0.07 1.10 1.60 1.00
 Costa Rica 5.22 4.52 0.80 −0.02 1.63 2.41
 Samoa 0.61 −0.41 0.73 1.30 1.64 0.77
 Luxembourg 1.73 0.63 0.48 0.29 1.73 0.97
 Germany 1.51 0.91 0.23 0.48 1.74 0.97
 Iceland 3.89 2.04 1.63 1.70 1.76 2.20
 Mali −0.61 0.88 1.45 −1.80 1.76 0.33
 Sweden −0.04 −0.18 −0.05 0.98 1.79 0.50
 New Zealand 1.13 1.23 0.29 0.65 1.85 1.03
 Trinidad and Tobago 5.20 5.68 4.66 3.07 1.88 4.09
 Norway 2.13 2.03 2.17 3.55 1.88 2.35
 South Korea 1.30 1.28 0.71 0.97 1.94 1.24
 Australia 2.45 2.49 1.51 1.28 1.95 1.93
 Spain 1.41 −0.15 −0.50 −0.20 1.96 0.50
 United Arab Emirates 1.10 2.35 4.07 1.62 1.97 2.22
 Albania 1.94 1.63 1.91 1.28 1.99 1.75
 Bulgaria 0.89 −1.42 −0.11 −0.80 2.06 0.12
 Poland 0.99 0.05 −0.87 −0.67 2.08 0.31
 Austria 2.00 1.61 0.90 0.89 2.08 1.49
 Belgium 1.11 0.34 0.56 1.97 2.13 1.22
 United States 1.47 1.62 0.12 1.26 2.13 1.32
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0.81 0.19 −1.73 −0.15 2.15 0.25
 Kuwait 2.70 2.91 3.27 3.20 2.17 2.85
 Chile 1.79 4.40 4.35 3.79 2.18 3.30
 Mauritania 4.13 3.53 3.26 1.47 2.25 2.92
 Hungary 1.73 −0.23 −0.06 0.40 2.35 0.83
 Montenegro 2.21 −0.71 1.54 −0.27 2.38 1.02
 Niger 2.30 −0.93 1.00 0.18 2.38 0.98
 Antigua and Barbuda 1.06 1.09 0.97 −0.49 2.43 1.01
 Czech Republic 1.44 0.34 0.31 0.68 2.45 1.04
 Gabon 0.51 4.69 −0.34 2.11 2.65 1.91
 United Kingdom 2.56 1.46 0.05 0.64 2.69 1.47
 Maldives 3.81 2.14 0.95 0.50 2.72 2.02
 Peru 2.82 3.22 3.56 3.60 2.80 3.20
 Bolivia 5.72 5.78 4.06 3.63 2.82 4.40
 Philippines 2.58 3.60 0.67 1.25 2.85 2.18
 Seychelles 3.34 2.45 4.04 −1.02 2.86 2.32
 Cambodia 2.94 3.86 1.22 3.05 2.89 2.79
 Latvia −0.03 0.62 0.17 0.14 2.93 0.76
 Serbia 7.69 2.08 1.39 1.12 3.13 3.05
 Kyrgyzstan 6.61 7.53 6.50 0.39 3.18 4.81
   Nepal 9.04 8.37 7.87 8.79 3.23 7.44
 Dominican Republic 4.72 3.05 0.83 1.60 3.28 2.69
 Botswana 5.88 4.40 3.06 2.82 3.31 3.89
 Jordan 4.82 2.89 −0.88 −0.78 3.32 1.85
 India 10.91 6.65 4.91 4.95 3.33 6.12
 Fiji 2.91 0.54 1.37 3.87 3.35 2.40
 Estonia 2.79 −0.15 −0.46 0.15 3.42 1.14
 Brazil 6.20 6.33 9.03 8.74 3.45 6.73
 Vietnam 6.59 4.09 0.88 3.24 3.52 3.65
 Paraguay 2.68 5.03 3.13 4.09 3.60 3.70
 Mauritius 3.54 3.22 1.29 0.98 3.67 2.53
 Russia 6.76 7.82 15.53 7.04 3.68 8.10
 Lithuania 1.05 0.10 −0.88 0.91 3.72 0.97
 Indonesia 6.41 6.40 6.36 3.53 3.81 5.29
 Nicaragua 7.14 6.04 4.00 3.52 3.85 4.90
 Bhutan 7.01 8.27 4.55 4.31 3.86 5.59
 Malaysia 2.11 3.14 2.10 2.09 3.87 2.66
 Honduras 5.16 6.13 3.26 2.73 3.93 4.23
 Mongolia 10.49 12.23 6.58 1.06 4.05 6.80
 Pakistan 7.69 7.19 2.53 3.77 4.09 5.03
 Central African Republic 1.50 25.28 37.14 4.60 4.10 13.68
 Colombia 2.02 2.90 4.99 7.51 4.31 4.33
 Lebanon 4.82 1.86 −3.75 −0.78 4.32 1.24
 Jamaica 9.34 8.29 2.68 2.35 4.38 5.37
 Guatemala 4.34 3.42 2.39 4.45 4.43 3.80
 Myanmar 5.48 5.05 9.49 6.97 4.57 6.30
 Barbados 1.81 1.77 −1.11 1.28 4.66 1.67
 Afghanistan 7.65 4.60 −0.71 4.28 4.97 4.12
 South Africa 5.78 6.14 4.51 6.60 5.18 5.64
 Uganda 4.90 3.08 5.59 5.70 5.21 4.89
 Lesotho 4.93 5.34 3.18 6.61 5.31 5.07
 Tanzania 7.87 6.13 5.59 5.18 5.32 6.01
 Tunisia 5.80 4.94 4.86 3.71 5.33 4.93
 Algeria 3.25 2.92 4.78 6.40 5.59 4.58
 São Tomé and Príncipe 8.11 7.00 5.25 5.43 5.69 6.29
 Bangladesh 7.53 7.00 6.19 5.43 5.78 6.38
 Belarus 18.31 18.12 13.53 11.84 6.03 13.47
 Georgia −0.51 3.07 4.00 2.14 6.04 2.93
 Mexico 3.81 4.02 2.72 2.82 6.04 3.88
 Namibia 5.60 5.35 3.40 6.73 6.14 5.44
 Eswatini 5.62 5.69 4.95 7.85 6.22 6.06
 Uruguay 8.58 8.88 8.67 9.64 6.22 8.39
 Moldova 4.64 5.09 9.68 6.36 6.57 6.45
 Zambia 6.98 7.81 10.11 17.87 6.58 9.79
 Tajikistan 5.01 6.10 5.72 6.01 7.31 6.03
 Kazakhstan 5.94 6.85 6.68 14.36 7.44 8.21
 Sri Lanka 6.91 3.18 3.77 3.96 7.70 5.09
 Kenya 5.72 6.88 6.58 6.30 8.02 6.70
 Gambia 5.70 5.95 6.81 7.23 8.05 6.74
 Rwanda 5.92 2.35 2.53 7.17 8.28 5.22
 Madagascar 5.83 6.08 7.40 6.66 8.28 6.85
 Guinea 11.89 9.71 8.15 8.17 8.92 9.36
 Ethiopia 8.08 7.40 10.11 7.26 9.85 8.53
 Iran 39.27 17.24 13.71 8.58 10.48 17.37
 Turkey 7.49 8.86 7.67 7.78 11.14 8.58
 Malawi 27.28 23.79 21.87 21.71 12.18 21.26
 Ghana 11.61 15.49 17.15 17.46 12.37 14.79
 Liberia 7.58 9.86 7.75 8.83 12.42 9.27
 Azerbaijan 2.38 1.39 4.01 12.45 12.91 6.51
 Ukraine −0.24 12.07 48.72 13.91 14.44 16.73
 Haiti 8.85 4.57 9.02 13.83 14.67 10.13
 Mozambique 4.26 2.56 3.55 17.42 15.11 8.40
 Burundi 7.95 4.38 5.55 5.56 16.05 7.82
 Nigeria 8.48 8.06 9.01 15.68 16.52 11.49
 Sierra Leone 5.52 4.65 6.69 10.88 18.22 9.08
 Suriname 1.92 3.39 6.89 55.48 22.02 16.40
 Yemen 10.97 8.11 24.33 −12.56 24.66 10.21
 Argentina 24.30[16] 37.58[16] 26.50 42.83 25.67 31.17
 Egypt 9.42 10.15 10.36 13.82 29.50 14.41
 Angola 8.78 7.28 10.28 32.38 31.69 17.54
 Sudan 29.96 36.91 16.91 17.75 32.35 26.52
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 0.81 1.24 0.74 18.23 41.50 11.46
 South Sudan −0.04 1.66 52.82 378.85 187.85 84.55
 Venezuela 40.64 62.17 121.74 254.96 1,087.51 192.25
World 2.59 2.35 1.44 1.47 2.18 2.00

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inflation rate (consumer prices) by CIA
  2. ^ "Swiss Consumer Price Index in December 2019". Swiss Federal Statistical Office. 7 January 2020. Retrieved 23 January 2020.
  3. ^ "Communications and Announcements - Statistics Poland". GUS. Retrieved 23 January 2020.
  4. ^ "Brazil and the IMF". IMF. Retrieved 21 January 2020.
  5. ^ "Rata anuală a inflației a urcat în luna mai cel mai mare nivel din ultimii 5 ani". Digi 24 (in Romanian). 12 June 2018.
  6. ^ "Consumer Price Index Numbers - Ministry of Statistics press release" (PDF). Retrieved 21 January 2020.
  7. ^ "IMF". www.imf.org. Retrieved 21 January 2020.
  8. ^ "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects". www.imf.org. Retrieved 2019-09-21.
  9. ^ "AFRICA :: SOUTH SUDAN". The World Factbook. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
  10. ^ "Iran Inflation Rate Hits Record High".
  11. ^ "Argentina's inflation 54.7% in 12-months; more monetary "contraction measures" and support from IMF". MercoPress. 17 April 2019.
  12. ^ . 15 July 2019 https://www.businesslive.co.za/bd/world/africa/2019-07-15-zimbabwes-inflation-doubles-up-to-175. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  13. ^ "AN: Inflación en septiembre se ubicó en 23,5%" (in Spanish). Panorama. 9 October 2019. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  14. ^ "Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) | Data". Retrieved 2017-09-05.
  15. ^ "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects". Retrieved 2018-11-09.
  16. ^ a b https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1906704

External links[edit]