List of countries by leading trade partners

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For most economies in the world, their leading export and import trading partner in terms of value is either the European Union or China, and to a certain degree, the United States and Russia. Other countries like South Korea, Brazil, Japan and South Africa are emerging as significant markets or source countries in different parts of the world.

Individually for each European Union member trade with all other European Union members collectively is greater than any other trading partner. Both the European Union and the United States have China as their largest origin of imports. China's own largest source of imports is European Union. In other parts of the world the European Union or the United States is the largest trading partner, however other leading trading countries may be the most prominent in certain countries. Brazil, Russia and South Africa are becoming increasingly dominant in their respective regional areas.[citation needed]

Some isolated countries depend on a larger neighbour to be their largest trading partner – Venezuela is one of Cuba's key export markets, while doubly-landlocked Uzbekistan exports chiefly to Tajikistan and Afghanistan, its singly-landlocked neighbours.

The largest import and export merchandise trade partners for most countries of the world are listed below. Details for the European Union, Hong Kong and Macau are also included. In most cases the data relates to 2016 rankings. Data was extracted from the World Trade Organization's Trade Profile Database.[1]

Colour indicate leading merchandise export destination for indicated country (EU aggregated), c2007-10
Colour indicate leading source of merchandise imports for indicated country (EU aggregated), c2007-10
Country Leading export market Leading import source
 Afghanistan  Pakistan  Iran
 Albania  European Union  European Union
 Algeria  European Union  China
 Andorra  European Union  European Union
 Angola  China  European Union
 Antigua and Barbuda  United Arab Emirates  United States
 Argentina  Brazil  Brazil
 Armenia  Russia  Russia
 Australia  China  China
 Austria  European Union  European Union
 Azerbaijan  European Union  Russia
 Bahamas  United States  United States
 Bahrain  Saudi Arabia  Saudi Arabia
 Bangladesh  United States  China
 Barbados  United States  United States
 Belarus  Russia  Russia
 Belgium  European Union  European Union
 Belize  United States  United States
 Benin  India  European Union
 Bhutan  India  India
 Bolivia  Brazil  China
 Bosnia  European Union  European Union
 Botswana  European Union  South Africa
 Brazil  China  China
 Brunei  Russia  China
 Bulgaria  European Union  European Union
 Burkina Faso   Switzerland  China
 Burundi  United Arab Emirates  Saudi Arabia
 Cambodia  United States  China
 Cameroon  European Union  China
 Canada  United States  United States
 Cape Verde  European Union  European Union
 Central African Republic  European Union  European Union
 Chad  United States  European Union
 Chile  China  China
 China  United States  South Korea
 Colombia  United States  United States
 Comoros  European Union  European Union
 Congo  China  European Union
 Congo, Democratic Republic of the  China  European Union
 Cook Islands  Russia  New Zealand
 Costa Rica  United States  United States
 Croatia  European Union  European Union
 Cuba  Russia  China
 Cyprus  European Union  European Union
 Czech Republic  European Union  European Union
 Denmark  European Union  European Union
 Djibouti  Ethiopia  European Union
 Dominica  Trinidad and Tobago  United States
 Dominican Republic  United States  United States
 Ecuador  United States  United States
 Egypt  European Union  European Union
 El Salvador  United States  United States
 Equatorial Guinea  European Union  European Union
 Eritrea  China  European Union
 Estonia  European Union  European Union
 Ethiopia  European Union  China
 European Union  United States  China
 Fiji  United States  Singapore
 Finland  European Union  European Union
 France  European Union  European Union
 Gabon  United States  European Union
 Gambia  Mali  European Union
 Georgia  European Union  European Union
 Germany  European Union  European Union
 Ghana  India  European Union
 Greece  European Union  European Union
 Grenada  Dominica  United States
 Guatemala  United States  United States
 Guinea  Ghana  China
 Guinea-Bissau  India  European Union
 Guyana  Canada  United States
 Haiti  United States  United States
 Honduras  United States  United States
 Hong Kong  China  China
 Hungary  European Union  European Union
 Iceland  European Union  European Union
 India  United States  China
 Indonesia  China  China
 Iran  China  United Arab Emirates
 Iraq  China  China
 Ireland  European Union  European Union
 Israel  United States  European Union
 Italy  European Union  European Union
 Ivory Coast  European Union  European Union
 Jamaica  United States  United States
 Japan  China  China
 Jordan  United States  Saudi Arabia
 Kazakhstan  European Union  Russia
 Kenya  European Union  India
 Kiribati  Morocco  Australia
 Kosovo  European Union  European Union
 Kuwait  China  China
 Kyrgyzstan  United Kingdom  China
 Laos  China  Thailand
 Latvia  European Union  European Union
 Lebanon  United Arab Emirates  China
 Lesotho  South Africa  South Africa
 Liberia  European Union  Singapore
 Libya  European Union  European Union
 Liechtenstein
 Lithuania  European Union  European Union
 Luxembourg  European Union  European Union
 Macau  Hong Kong  Hong Kong
 Madagascar  United States  China
 Malawi  European Union  South Africa
 Malaysia  Singapore  China
 Maldives  Thailand  United Arab Emirates
 Mali  South Africa  Senegal
 Malta  European Union  European Union
 Marshall Islands
 Mauritania  China  South Korea
 Mauritius  European Union  India
 Mexico  United States  United States
 Federated States of Micronesia  Guam  United States
 Moldova  European Union  European Union
 Monaco
 Mongolia  China  China
 Montenegro  European Union  Serbia
 Morocco  European Union  European Union
 Mozambique  European Union  South Africa
 Myanmar  China  China
 Namibia  China  South Africa
 Nauru
   Nepal  India  India
 Netherlands  European Union  European Union
 New Zealand  China  China
 Nicaragua  United States  United States
 Niger  European Union  European Union
 Nigeria  India  China
 Niue
 North Korea  China  China
 North Macedonia  European Union  European Union
 Norway  European Union  European Union
 Oman  China  United Arab Emirates
 Pakistan  United States  China
 Palau  Russia  United States
 State of Palestine  Israel  Israel
 Panama  United States  China
 Papua New Guinea  Singapore  Australia
 Paraguay  Brazil  China
 Peru  China  China
 Philippines  United States  China
 Poland  European Union  European Union
 Portugal  European Union  European Union
 Qatar  South Korea  United States
 Romania  European Union  European Union
 Russia  China  China
 Rwanda  DR Congo  China
 Saint Kitts and Nevis  United States  United States
 Saint Lucia  United States  United States
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines  Barbados  United States
 Samoa  Australia  New Zealand
 San Marino
 Sao Tome and Principe  European Union  European Union
 Saudi Arabia  China  European Union
 Senegal  Mali  European Union
 Serbia  European Union  European Union
 Seychelles  United Arab Emirates  United Arab Emirates
 Sierra Leone  European Union  China
 Singapore  China  China
 Slovakia  European Union  European Union
 Slovenia  European Union  European Union
 Solomon Islands  China  Australia
 Somalia  Saudi Arabia  India
 South Africa  China  China
 South Korea  China  China
 South Sudan
 Spain  European Union  European Union
 Sri Lanka  United States  India
 Sudan  United Arab Emirates  China
 Suriname  United States  United States
 Swaziland  South Africa  South Africa
 Sweden  European Union  European Union
  Switzerland  European Union  European Union
 Syria  European Union  European Union
 Taiwan  China  China
 Tajikistan  Turkey  Russia
 Tanzania  Rwanda  India
 Thailand  China  China
 Timor Leste  Indonesia  Indonesia
 Togo  Benin  European Union
 Tonga  New Zealand  New Zealand
 Trinidad and Tobago  United States  United States
 Tunisia  European Union  European Union
 Turkey  European Union  Russia
 Turkmenistan  China  Turkey
 Tuvalu
 Uganda  European Union  India
 Ukraine  European Union  European Union
 United Arab Emirates  European Union  European Union
 United Kingdom  United States  European Union
 United States  Canada  China
 Uruguay  China  China
 Uzbekistan   Switzerland  China
 Vanuatu  Malaysia  Australia
  Vatican
 Venezuela  United States  United States
 Vietnam  United States  China
 Western Sahara
 Yemen  Saudi Arabia  United Arab Emirates
 Zambia   Switzerland  South Africa
 Zimbabwe  South Africa  South Africa

List of 30 Largest Bilateral Trade Volume in 2013[edit]

The following table shows figures for 30 largest bilateral trade volume in 2013 according to the World Trade Organization.[2]

The 30 Largest Bilateral Trade Volume in 2013 (millions of US$)
Rank Net Exporter Net Importer Reported Volume
of Net Exporter
Reported Volume
of Net Importer
1  Germany  European Union 1,468,990
2  Netherlands  European Union 798,744
3  European Union  France 745,931
4  European Union  United States 603,194 660,541
5  Canada  United States 594,546 637,270
6  Belgium  European Union 628,796
7  China  Hong Kong 400,571 592,147
8  China  United States 526,854 582,291
9  European Union  United Kingdom 580,318
10  China  European Union 560,536 533,494
11  Italy  European Union 539,556
12  Mexico  United States 492,715 509,513
13  Russia  European Union 385,778 405,889
14  Spain  European Union 365,191
15  China  Japan 312,062 310,230
16  European Union   Switzerland 328,609 271,657
17  South Korea  China 229,073 273,869
18  Poland  European Union 267,854
19  European Union  Austria 244,913
20  Czech Republic  European Union 225,091
21  Japan  United States 206,091 206,836
22  European Union  Sweden 204,849
 China  Germany 187,293
23  Norway  European Union 184,296 174,708
 Germany  United States 184,247
24  European Union  Turkey 159,598 156,813
25  Hungary  European Union 154,862
26  European Union  Japan 137,786 149,827
27  Australia  China 134,154 123,296
28  European Union  Denmark 129,951
29  Taiwan  China 124,502
 United Kingdom  United States 116,675
 Germany   Switzerland 115,041
30  Ireland  European Union 105,853

References[edit]