List of countries by leading trade partners
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For most economies in the world, their leading export and import trading partner in terms of value is either the European Union or China, and to a lesser degree, the United States. Other countries like Japan, Russia, Brazil, India and South Africa are emerging as significant markets or source countries in different parts of the world.
Individually for each European Union member trade with all other European Union members collectively is greater than any other trading partner. Both the European Union and the United States have China as their largest origin of imports. China's own largest source of imports is European Union. In other parts of the world the European Union or the United States is the largest trading partner, however other leading trading countries may be the most prominent in certain countries. Brazil, Russia and South Africa are becoming increasingly dominant in their respective regional areas.
Some isolated countries depend on a larger neighbour to be their largest trading partner – Venezuela is one of Cuba's key export markets, while doubly-landlocked Uzbekistan exports chiefly to Tajikistan and Afghanistan, its singly-landlocked neighbours.
The largest import and export merchandise trade partners for most countries of the world are listed below. Details for the European Union, Hong Kong and Macau are also included. In most cases the data relates to 2016 rankings. Data was extracted from the World Trade Organization's Trade Profile Database
List of 30 Largest Bilateral Trade Volume in 2013
|Rank||Net Exporter||Net Importer||Reported Volume
of Net Exporter
of Net Importer
|4||European Union||United States||603,194||660,541|
|9||European Union||United Kingdom||580,318|
|20||Czech Republic||European Union||225,091|
|United Kingdom||United States||116,675|
- http://stat.wto.org/CountryProfile/WSDBcountryPFExportZip.aspx?Language=E WTO statistics database