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List of countries by life expectancy

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Map of the life expectancy at birth in 2019 in the world (2020 report)
  ≥ 82.5
  80.0 – 82.4
  77.5 – 79.9
  75.0 – 77.4
  72.5 – 74.9
  70.0 – 72.4
  67.5 – 69.9
  65.0 – 67.4
  62.5 – 64.9
  60.0 – 62.4
  55.0 – 59.9
  < 55.0
  No data

This list of countries by life expectancy provides a comprehensive list of countries alongside their respective life expectancy figures. The data is differentiated by sex, presenting life expectancies for males, females, and a combined average. In addition to sovereign nations, the list encompasses several non-sovereign entities and territories. The figures serve as an indicator of the quality of healthcare in the respective countries and are influenced by various factors, including the prevalence of diseases such as HIV/AIDS. This article introduces the concept of Healthy life expectancy (HALE), which denotes the average number of years a person is expected to live in "full health". There are challenges in comparing life expectancies across countries due to disparities in data reporting and collection standards. The primary source of the most recent data presented is the World Bank Group's 2021 report.

Methodology[edit]

The life expectancy is shown separately for males and for females, as well as a combined figure. Several non-sovereign entities and territories are also included in this list.

The figures reflect the quality of healthcare in the countries listed as well as other factors including HIV infections.

From the beginning of the current century there is a tendency to also estimate Healthy life expectancy (HALE), the average number of years that a person can expect to live in "full health".[1][2]

Comparing life expectancies across countries can be problematic. For example, due to poor reporting in some countries and various local standards in collecting statistics. This is especially true for Healthy life expectancy, the definition of which criteria may change over time, even within a country. For example, Canada is a country with a fairly high overall life expectancy at 81.63 years; however, this number decreases to 75.5 years for Indigenous people in the country.[3] This discrepancy is echoed in most quality of life metrics across Canada.

World Bank Group (2022)[edit]

Estimation of the World Bank Group for 2022.[4][5][6] Only countries with populations over 50,000 are listed. The values in the World Bank Group tables are rounded. All calculations were done on raw data, therefore, due to the nuances of rounding, in some places illusory inconsistencies of indicators arose, with a size of 0.01 year.

Countries and
territories
2022 Historical data COVID-19 impact
All Male Female Sex gap 2000 2000
→2014
2014 2014
→2019
2019 2019
→2020
2020 2020
→2022
2022 2019
→2021
2014
→2021
 Macao SAR, China 85.38 82.75 87.98 5.23 80.96 2.92 83.88 1.09 84.98 0.21 85.18 0.20 85.38 0.42 1.52
 Japan 84.00 81.05 87.09 6.10 81.08 2.51 83.59 0.77 84.36 0.20 84.56 −0.56 84.00 0.09 0.86
 Hong Kong SAR, China 83.66 80.70 86.77 6.07 80.88 3.10 83.98 1.20 85.18 0.32 85.50 −1.84 83.66 0.31 1.51
 French Polynesia 83.55 81.33 85.98 4.65 79.54 2.68 82.21 0.78 83.00 −0.78 82.22 1.33 83.55 −3.51 −2.73
 Switzerland 83.45 81.60 85.40 3.80 79.68 3.52 83.20 0.71 83.90 −0.90 83.00 0.45 83.45 −0.05 0.65
 Faroe Islands 83.30 81.30 85.40 4.10 78.44 3.16 81.59 1.35 82.95 0.25 83.20 0.10 83.30 0.55 1.90
 Australia 83.20 81.20 85.30 4.20 79.23 3.07 82.30 0.60 82.90 0.30 83.20 0.00 83.20 0.40 1.00
 Sweden 83.11 81.50 84.80 3.30 79.64 2.61 82.25 0.86 83.11 −0.75 82.36 0.75 83.11 0.05 0.90
 Spain 83.08 80.40 85.90 5.50 78.97 4.26 83.23 0.60 83.83 −1.50 82.33 0.75 83.08 −0.65 −0.05
 Ireland 83.06 81.30 84.90 3.60 76.54 4.81 81.35 1.35 82.70 −0.15 82.56 0.50 83.06 −0.60 0.75
 Luxembourg 83.05 80.90 85.30 4.40 77.87 4.36 82.23 0.41 82.64 −0.50 82.14 0.91 83.05 0.11 0.52
 Italy 82.90 80.90 85.00 4.10 79.78 3.31 83.09 0.41 83.50 −1.30 82.20 0.70 82.90 −0.70 −0.30
 Singapore 82.90 80.70 85.20 4.50 77.95 4.54 82.50 1.10 83.60 0.87 84.47 −1.57 82.90 −0.15 0.95
 New Zealand 82.76 81.20 84.40 3.20 78.64 2.82 81.46 0.60 82.06 0.20 82.26 0.50 82.76 0.15 0.75
 Israel 82.70 80.70 84.80 4.10 78.95 3.20 82.15 0.65 82.80 −0.16 82.65 0.05 82.70 −0.30 0.35
 Malta 82.70 80.70 84.80 4.10 78.35 3.70 82.05 0.81 82.86 −0.51 82.35 0.35 82.70 0.00 0.81
 South Korea 82.68 79.90 85.60 5.70 75.91 5.81 81.72 1.50 83.23 0.20 83.43 -0.75 82.68 0.30 1.80
 Norway 82.56 81.00 84.20 3.20 78.63 3.47 82.10 0.86 82.96 0.25 83.21 −0.65 82.56 0.20 1.06
 France 82.23 79.40 85.20 5.80 79.06 3.66 82.72 0.11 82.83 −0.65 82.18 0.05 82.23 −0.50 −0.40
 Iceland 82.17 81.00 83.40 3.10 79.65 3.21 82.86 0.30 83.16 −0.10 83.06 -0.89 82.17 −0.05 0.26
 United Kingdom 82.06 80.40 83.80 3.40 77.74 3.56 81.30 0.10 81.40 −1.05 80.35 1.71 82.06 −0.70 −0.60
 Cyprus 81.89 80.07 83.67 3.6 76.57 4.20 80.77 0.63 81.40 −0.01 81.39 0.50 81.89 −0.19 0.43
 Netherlands 81.71 80.30 83.20 2.90 77.99 3.72 81.71 0.40 82.11 −0.75 81.36 0.35 81.71 −0.65 −0.25
 Belgium 81.7 79.60 83.90 4.30 77.72 3.57 81.29 0.71 82.00 −1.30 80.70 1.00 81.7 −0.10 0.60
 Channel Islands 81.58 79.52 83.64 4.12 79.16 2.73 81.88 −0.49 81.39 −0.13 81.26 0.32 81.58 −0.16 −0.65
 Portugal 81.58 78.80 84.50 5.70 76.31 4.81 81.12 0.55 81.68 −0.70 80.98 0.60 81.58 −0.60 −0.05
 Bermuda 81.57 78.44 84.51 6.07 78.86 0.66 79.52 1.52 81.03 0.10 81.14 0.43 81.57 −1.75 −0.24
 Qatar 81.56 80.63 83.10 2.47 74.83 4.94 79.77 1.22 80.99 −1.89 79.10 2.46 81.56 −1.72 −0.50
 Denmark 81.30 79.50 83.20 3.70 76.59 4.11 80.70 0.75 81.45 0.15 81.60 −0.30 81.30 −0.05 0.70
 Canada 81.30 79.12 83.58 4.46 79.27 2.57 81.84 0.45 82.29 −0.58 81.71 -0.41 81.30 −0.66 -0.21
 Slovenia 81.28 78.60 84.10 5.50 75.41 5.67 81.08 0.45 81.53 −1.00 80.53 0.85 81.28 −0.65 −0.20
 Finland 81.19 78.70 83.80 5.10 77.47 3.71 81.18 0.80 81.98 −0.05 81.93 -0.74 81.19 −0.05 0.75
 Austria 81.09 78.80 83.50 5.00 78.13 3.36 81.49 0.40 81.90 −0.70 81.19 -0.10 81.09 −0.66 −0.25
 New Caledonia 80.98 77.53 84.61 7.08 75.16 2.07 77.24 3.18 80.42 0.42 80.83 0.15 80.98 −1.29 1.89
 Maldives 80.84 80.07 81.84 1.94 70.88 8.55 79.42 0.69 80.12 −0.24 79.88 0.04 79.92 −0.20 0.49
 Isle of Man 80.76 78.83 82.73 3.97 74.72 5.31 80.04 0.70 80.74 −0.15 80.59 0.17 80.76 −0.21 0.49
 Germany 80.71 78.33 83.20 4.84 77.93 3.16 81.09 0.20 81.29 −0.25 81.04 −0.33 80.71 −0.39 −0.19
 Greece 80.64 78.10 83.30 5.50 77.89 3.50 81.39 0.25 81.64 −0.35 81.29 −0.65 80.64 −1.46 −1.20
 Virgin Islands (US) 80.32 77.10 83.70 4.60 76.62 2.25 78.87 0.80 79.67 0.15 79.82 0.50 80.32 0.40 1.20
 Kuwait 80.26 78.88 82.75 3.87 76.72 2.72 79.44 0.24 79.69 −2.77 76.92 3.34 80.26 −1.01 −0.77
 Puerto Rico 79.72 75.58 83.90 8.32 75.98 2.95 78.93 0.13 79.06 −1.02 78.04 1.68 79.72 1.10 1.23
 Thailand 79.68 75.47 83.93 8.46 72.32 5.10 77.42 1.56 78.97 0.30 79.27 0.41 79.68 −0.26 1.30
 Chile 79.52 77.16 81.88 4.72 76.87 2.60 79.47 0.85 80.33 −0.95 79.38 0.14 79.52 −1.38 −0.53
 Bahrain 79.25 78.24 80.50 2.26 75.50 3.83 79.33 0.69 80.02 −0.84 79.17 0.08 79.25 −1.26 −0.57
 Antigua and Barbuda 79.24 76.51 81.65 5.14 74.61 3.25 77.86 0.83 78.69 0.15 78.84 0.40 79.24 −0.19 0.64
 United Arab Emirates 79.20 77.72 81.41 3.69 74.38 4.66 79.04 0.68 79.73 −0.78 78.95 0.25 79.20 −1.02 −0.33
 Czechia 79.03 76.20 82.00 5.80 74.97 3.86 78.82 0.40 79.23 −1.00 78.23 0.80 79.03 −1.86 −1.45
 China 78.59 75.96 81.34 5.38 71.88 4.84 76.72 1.25 77.97 0.11 78.08 0.51 78.59 0.24 1.49
 Turkey 78.47 75.38 81.50 6.12 71.86 4.70 76.56 1.27 77.83 −1.98 75.85 2.62 78.47 −1.80 −0.53
 Guam 78.33 74.84 82.05 7.21 74.42 2.33 76.75 0.97 77.72 −1.11 76.61 1.72 78.33 −1.06 −0.09
 Cuba 78.16 75.79 80.56 5.11 76.18 1.67 77.85 −0.24 77.61 −0.04 77.57 0.59 78.16 −3.93 −4.17
 Uruguay 78.00 74.15 81.69 7.54 75.03 2.34 77.37 0.14 77.51 0.92 78.43 −0.43 78.00 −2.07 −1.93
 Estonia 77.94 73.70 82.40 8.90 70.42 6.62 77.03 1.61 78.65 −0.05 78.60 −0.66 77.94 −1.90 −0.29
 Saudi Arabia 77.91 76.67 79.53 3.18 72.47 4.29 76.76 0.55 77.30 −1.06 76.24 1.67 77.91 −0.37 0.18
 Ecuador 77.89 75.31 80.48 5.17 72.84 3.78 76.62 0.67 77.30 −5.14 72.15 5.74 77.89 −3.63 −2.95
 Barbados 77.71 75.68 79.58 3.9 74.09 2.39 76.48 0.78 77.26 0.14 77.39 0.32 77.71 0.31 1.09
 Croatia 77.58 74.60 80.70 6.10 72.81 4.67 77.48 0.95 78.42 −0.70 77.72 −0.14 77.58 −2.00 −1.05
 United States 77.43 74.80 80.20 5.40 76.64 2.20 78.84 −0.05 78.79 −1.81 76.98 0.45 77.43 −2.46 −2.51
 Costa Rica 77.32 74.76 80.04 5.28 77.59 1.19 78.77 0.65 79.43 −0.15 79.28 −1.94 77.32 −2.40 −1.75
 Poland 77.30 73.50 81.30 7.80 73.75 3.85 77.60 0.30 77.90 −1.40 76.50 0.80 77.30 −2.30 −2.00
 Algeria 77.13 75.85 78.46 2.61 70.48 4.63 75.11 1.36 76.47 −2.02 74.45 2.68 77.13 −0.10 1.27
 Slovakia 77.07 73.70 80.60 6.90 73.05 3.76 76.81 0.85 77.67 −0.80 76.87 0.20 77.07 −2.95 −2.10
 Albania 76.83 74.50 79.47 4.97 75.40 3.00 78.41 0.88 79.28 −2.29 76.99 −0.16 76.83 −2.82 −1.94
 Panama 76.83 73.73 80.09 6.36 74.00 3.25 77.25 0.56 77.81 −1.15 76.66 0.17 76.83 −1.59 −1.03
 Sri Lanka 76.61 72.85 80.23 7.38 70.36 4.30 74.65 1.36 76.01 0.39 76.39 0.21 76.61 0.39 1.75
 Malaysia 76.26 73.95 80.23 6.28 72.78 2.37 75.15 0.61 75.76 0.18 75.94 0.32 76.26 −0.88 −0.26
 Montenegro 76.19 73.70 78.80 6.20 73.82 2.62 76.44 0.24 76.68 −0.75 75.93 0.26 76.19 −2.86 −2.62
 Argentina 76.06 72.85 79.28 6.43 73.93 2.83 76.75 0.53 77.28 −1.39 75.89 0.17 76.06 −1.89 −1.36
 Hungary 76.02 72.70 79.50 6.80 71.25 4.52 75.76 0.56 76.32 −0.75 75.57 0.45 76.02 −1.85 −1.30
 Lithuania 75.79 71.50 80.30 8.80 72.02 2.50 74.52 1.77 76.28 −1.30 74.98 0.81 75.79 −1.94 −0.18
 Serbia 75.48 72.97 78.12 5.15 71.58 3.75 75.34 0.60 75.94 −1.46 74.48 1.00 75.48 −3.21 −2.61
 Grenada 75.34 72.59 78.30 5.71 72.78 2.20 74.98 −0.12 74.86 0.06 74.92 0.42 75.34 0.07 −0.05
 Romania 75.30 71.50 79.30 7.80 71.16 3.75 74.91 0.70 75.61 −1.35 74.25 1.05 75.30 −2.65 −1.95
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 75.29 73.13 77.50 4.37 74.50 1.16 75.66 1.58 77.24 −1.02 76.22 −0.93 75.29 −1.94 −0.36
 Aruba 74.99 72.14 77.68 5.54 73.57 2.03 75.60 0.65 76.25 −0.53 75.72 −0.73 74.99 −1.62 −0.97
 Morocco 74.97 72.90 77.18 4.28 66.79 5.75 72.54 1.73 74.27 −0.35 73.92 1.05 74.97 −0.23 1.50
 Mexico 74.83 71.55 78.16 6.61 73.57 1.23 74.80 −0.59 74.20 −4.07 70.13 4.70 74.83 −3.99 −4.58
 Cabo Verde 74.72 70.29 79.01 8.72 68.62 6.62 75.24 0.76 76.00 −1.20 74.81 −0.09 74.72 −1.95 −1.19
 Trinidad and Tobago 74.71 71.31 78.15 6.84 69.10 5.11 74.22 0.01 74.23 0.18 74.41 −1.44 74.71 −1.26 −1.24
 Nicaragua 74.61 71.61 77.56 5.95 67.23 5.58 72.81 1.24 74.05 −2.26 71.80 2.61 74.61 −0.22 1.03
 Latvia 74.58 69.80 79.60 9.80 70.31 3.81 74.12 1.26 75.39 −0.20 75.19 −0.61 74.58 −2.10 −0.84
 Vietnam 74.58 69.93 79.29 9.26 72.46 1.39 73.86 0.24 74.09 1.28 75.38 −0.80 74.58 −0.48 −0.24
 Iran 74.56 71.93 77.45 5.52 69.69 5.09 74.78 1.32 76.10 −1.27 74.83 −0.27 74.56 −2.23 −0.91
 Brunei 74.55 72.51 76.79 4.28 74.08 0.70 74.78 −0.03 74.75 0.05 74.80 −0.25 74.55 −0.11 −0.14
 Kazakhstan 74.44 70.26 78.41 7.70 65.45 5.99 71.44 1.74 73.18 −1.81 71.37 3.07 74.44 −2.95 −1.21
 North Macedonia 74.42 72.22 76.74 5.52 72.95 2.50 75.45 1.15 76.60 −2.21 74.40 0.02 74.42 −2.07 −0.91
 Lebanon 74.42 72.24 76.60 4.36 73.93 5.04 78.97 0.26 79.24 −1.43 77.80 −3.38 74.42 −4.19 −3.93
 Bulgaria 74.36 70.80 78.10 7.30 71.66 2.80 74.47 0.65 75.11 −1.45 73.66 0.70 74.36 −3.60 −2.95
 Bahamas 74.36 70.76 77.84 6.98 72.04 1.33 73.37 −2.16 71.20 1.47 72.68 1.68 74.36 0.39 −1.77
 Tunisia 74.26 71.37 77.41 6.40 73.69 1.96 75.65 0.34 75.99 −0.70 75.29 −1.03 74.26 −2.22 −1.88
 Jordan 74.22 72.12 76.67 4.64 71.92 2.87 74.79 1.25 76.04 −0.86 75.18 −0.96 74.22 −1.79 −0.53
 Dominican Republic 74.17 71.04 77.54 6.50 69.42 3.44 72.87 0.71 73.58 −0.69 72.89 1.28 74.17 −0.96 −0.25
 Oman 73.94 72.36 76.05 3.69 73.47 3.98 77.45 0.56 78.00 −3.24 74.76 −0.82 73.94 −5.46 −4.91
 Seychelles 73.85 71.80 76.00 4.20 72.78 0.45 73.23 0.82 74.05 3.19 77.24 −3.39 73.85 −0.65 0.17
 Bangladesh 73.70 71.51 76.01 3.67 65.78 4.21 69.99 2.82 72.81 −0.84 71.97 1.73 73.70 −0.42 2.39
 Colombia 73.66 70.32 77.14 6.82 71.32 4.72 76.04 0.71 76.75 −1.98 74.77 −1.11 73.66 −3.92 −3.21
 North Korea 73.58 70.97 76.15 4.91 60.76 12.18 72.94 0.26 73.20 0.08 73.27 0.01 73.28 0.09 0.34
 Mauritius 73.51 70.10 77.10 7.00 71.66 2.53 74.19 0.04 74.24 −0.06 74.18 −0.67 73.51 −0.56 −0.51
 Azerbaijan 73.49 70.55 76.25 7.64 64.89 6.22 71.12 1.99 73.10 −6.23 66.87 2.50 69.37 −3.74 −1.75
 Palestine 73.44 71.02 75.95 4.93 70.39 2.23 72.62 2.62 75.24 −0.84 74.40 −0.96 73.44 −1.77 0.85
 Brazil 73.42 70.30 76.60 6.10 69.74 4.57 74.31 1.03 75.34 −1.33 74.01 -0.59 73.42 1.91 2.94
 Peru 73.39 71.33 75.50 4.17 70.42 4.91 75.33 0.82 76.16 −2.49 73.67 −0.28 73.39 −3.78 −2.96
 Armenia 73.37 67.87 78.45 10.58 70.62 3.43 74.06 1.38 75.44 −3.27 72.17 1.20 73.37 −3.40 −2.02
 Belarus 73.11 68.09 78.38 10.29 68.91 4.06 72.97 1.26 74.23 −1.77 72.46 0.65 73.11 −1.86 −0.60
 Dominica 72.98 69.88 76.45 6.57 72.69 −3.26 69.43 4.12 73.56 0.09 73.65 −0.67 72.98 −0.75 3.38
 Mongolia 72.67 68.08 77.38 9.30 62.88 6.16 69.05 2.78 71.82 0.32 72.14 0.53 72.67 −0.85 1.93
 Samoa 72.60 70.15 75.33 5.18 70.75 1.72 72.46 −0.31 72.16 0.61 72.77 −0.17 72.60 0.61 0.30
 Russia 72.55 67.57 77.77 10.20 65.48 5.26 70.74 2.34 73.08 −1.75 71.34 1.21 72.55 −3.72 −1.38
 Syria 72.30 68.67 76.12 6.12 70.76 −7.61 63.15 8.67 71.82 0.32 72.14 −0.08 72.06 0.24 8.91
 Bhutan 72.33 70.57 74.15 3.58 62.01 8.04 70.05 1.34 71.39 0.22 71.61 0.72 72.33 0.42 1.77
 Philippines 72.19 70.22 74.17 3.95 69.41 1.74 71.15 0.71 71.86 0.25 72.12 0.07 72.19 −2.60 −1.88
 Libya 72.15 69.74 74.76 5.02 70.68 0.83 71.51 0.95 72.46 0.01 72.47 −0.32 72.15 −0.55 0.40
 Kyrgyzstan 72.05 68.00 76.30 8.30 68.56 1.84 70.40 1.20 71.60 0.20 71.80 0.25 72.05 0.30 1.50
World 72.00 69.60 74.53 4.97 67.70 4.18 71.88 1.10 72.98 −0.74 72.24 −0.24 72.00 −1.65 −0.55
 Uzbekistan 71.67 69.03 74.29 5.26 65.72 4.51 70.23 1.11 71.34 −1.01 70.33 1.34 71.67 −0.48 0.63
Caribbean small states 71.63 68.84 74.50 5.76 69.61 3.07 72.68 −0.16 72.52 0.06 72.58 −0.95 71.63 −1.53 −1.68
 Georgia 71.59 66.76 76.46 9.70 69.58 3.52 73.10 0.37 73.47 −0.70 72.77 −1.18 71.59 −1.78 −1.41
 Greenland 71.54 69.76 73.41 3.65 66.10 5.88 71.99 0.06 72.04 −0.41 71.64 −0.10 71.54 −0.90 −0.84
 El Salvador 71.47 66.84 75.81 9.07 69.86 1.88 71.75 0.81 72.56 −1.50 71.06 0.41 71.47 −1.81 −1.00
 Iraq 71.34 69.16 73.36 4.22 66.82 2.10 68.91 2.66 71.58 −2.45 69.12 2.22 71.34 −1.20 1.46
 St. Lucia 71.29 68.00 74.89 6.89 70.77 2.10 72.86 0.58 73.44 −0.03 73.42 −2.13 71.29 −2.33 −1.75
 Tajikistan 71.29 69.19 73.52 4.33 63.26 5.81 69.07 1.80 70.87 −2.87 67.99 3.30 71.29 0.73 2.52
 Tonga 71.27 68.58 74.12 5.54 68.98 1.56 70.54 0.33 70.87 0.06 70.93 0.34 71.27 0.12 0.45
 Venezuela 71.11 66.88 75.66 8.78 72.48 0.38 72.85 −0.69 72.16 −1.07 71.09 0.02 71.11 −1.61 −2.30
 Belize 70.96 67.72 74.69 6.97 68.56 4.75 73.31 0.62 73.93 −1.08 72.85 −1.89 70.96 −3.46 −2.84
 Micronesia 70.93 67.33 74.83 7.50 69.77 1.76 71.53 −0.45 71.08 −0.40 70.67 0.26 70.93 −0.37 −0.82
 Solomon Islands 70.74 69.29 72.36 3.07 67.22 2.01 69.23 1.15 70.38 −0.18 70.20 0.54 70.74 −0.03 1.11  Honduras 70.73 68.46 73.16 4.70 68.66 3.60 72.26 0.62 72.88 −1.42 71.46 −0.73 70.73 −2.76 −2.14
 Jamaica 70.63 68.53 72.74 4.21 70.94 2.04 72.98 −1.22 71.77 0.10 71.87 −1.24 70.63 −1.27 −2.48
 Vanuatu 70.49 68.32 73.07 4.75 68.97 0.50 69.47 0.41 69.88 0.42 70.30 0.19 70.49 0.57 0.98
 Nepal 70.48 68.61 72.36 3.75 62.61 5.47 68.08 1.47 69.56 −0.31 69.25 1.23 70.48 −1.11 0.37
 Paraguay 70.47 67.74 73.57 6.83 69.75 3.13 72.88 0.74 73.62 −0.44 73.18 −2.71 70.47 −3.36 −2.62
 Suriname 70.29 67.19 73.58 6.39 65.51 4.27 69.78 2.46 72.24 0.32 72.56 −2.27 70.29 −1.97 0.49
 Egypt 70.16 67.87 72.56 4.69 68.01 2.41 70.42 0.94 71.36 −0.37 70.99 −0.83 70.16 −1.14 −0.19
 Cambodia 69.90 67.12 72.62 5.50 58.62 11.11 69.74 0.96 70.69 −0.28 70.42 −0.52 69.90 −1.11 −0.15
Pacific island small states 69.73 67.79 71.85 4.06 67.30 1.34 68.64 0.65 69.29 0.07 69.36 0.37 69.73 −0.13 0.52
 Turkmenistan 69.41 65.92 72.92 7.00 65.03 3.59 68.61 0.39 69.00 −0.31 68.69 0.72 69.41 0.26 0.65
 Timor-Leste 69.06 67.44 70.81 3.37 58.57 8.22 66.79 1.48 68.27 0.21 68.47 0.59 69.06 −0.53 0.95
 Laos 69.00 66.94 71.16 4.22 58.38 7.98 66.36 1.78 68.14 0.36 68.50 0.50 69.00 −0.08 1.70
 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 68.72 66.69 71.73 5.04 71.38 3.10 74.47 −1.64 72.83 −0.71 72.13 −3.41 68.72 −3.21 −4.84
 Sao Tome and Principe 68.79 66.05 71.94 5.89 61.66 5.19 66.84 1.68 68.52 −0.74 67.78 1.01 68.79 −0.93 0.75
 Guatemala 68.67 65.70 71.15 5.45 67.45 4.52 71.96 1.17 73.13 −1.33 71.80 −3.13 68.67 −3.89 −2.73
 Moldova 68.62 64.22 73.32 9.10 66.42 2.61 69.03 1.90 70.94 −0.77 70.17 −1.55 68.62 −2.09 −0.19
 Ukraine 68.59 63.52 73.90 10.38 67.68 3.51 71.19 0.64 71.83 −0.64 71.19 −1.60 68.59 −2.18 −1.54
 Fiji 68.31 66.47 70.24 3.45 66.31 1.07 67.38 0.52 67.89 0.42 68.31 −0.81 67.11 −0.78 −0.26
 Indonesia 68.25 66.18 70.44 4.21 66.43 3.10 69.53 0.98 70.52 −1.71 68.81 −0.56 68.25 −2.95 −1.96
 Senegal 67.91 65.47 70.20 4.73 56.94 9.51 66.45 2.07 68.53 −0.52 68.01 −0.10 67.91 −1.43 0.64
 India 67.74 66.26 69.38 3.12 62.67 6.41 69.07 1.84 70.91 −0.76 70.15 −2.41 67.74 −3.67 −1.83
 Kiribati 67.66 65.73 69.39 3.66 64.41 1.41 65.81 1.34 67.15 0.12 67.27 0.39 67.66 0.27 1.60
 Myanmar 67.26 64.18 70.48 6.46 60.16 4.90 65.06 1.55 66.61 0.19 66.80 0.46 67.26 −0.94 0.62
 Rwanda 67.13 64.81 69.24 4.43 47.13 17.81 64.94 1.50 66.44 0.34 66.77 0.36 67.13 −0.36 1.13
 Tanzania 66.78 64.72 68.93 4.21 52.36 11.51 63.87 3.12 66.99 −0.58 66.41 0.37 66.78 −0.79 2.33
 Eritrea 66.60 64.46 68.68 4.22 56.11 9.49 65.60 1.70 67.30 −0.17 67.13 −0.53 66.60 −0.76 0.94
 Pakistan 66.43 64.13 68.92 4.79 62.10 3.18 65.28 1.47 66.76 −0.49 66.27 0.16 66.43 −0.66 0.81
 Guyana 65.99 62.78 69.40 6.62 64.48 3.40 67.88 1.24 69.12 −0.64 68.49 −2.81 65.99 −3.45 −2.21
 Papua New Guinea 65.96 63.38 69.17 5.79 61.72 2.54 64.26 1.22 65.47 0.31 65.79 0.17 65.96 −0.12 1.09
 Botswana 65.91 63.33 68.40 5.07 51.01 11.60 62.61 2.86 65.46 0.18 65.65 0.26 65.91 −4.32 −1.47
 Gabon 65.69 63.36 68.36 5.00 61.07 3.91 64.97 1.63 66.60 −0.07 66.53 −0.84 65.69 −0.78 0.85
 Ethiopia 65.64 62.61 68.90 6.29 50.54 12.37 62.91 2.93 65.84 −0.47 65.37 0.27 65.64 −0.86 2.07
 Sudan 65.58 63.05 68.18 5.13 58.32 5.95 64.27 1.61 65.88 −0.26 65.61 −0.03 65.58 −0.61 1.00
 Madagascar 65.23 62.97 67.62 4.64 57.94 6.32 64.25 1.63 65.88 −0.70 65.18 0.05 65.23 −1.40 0.23
 Marshall Islands 65.15 63.55 67.09 3.54 63.27 0.35 63.62 1.12 64.75 0.23 64.98 0.17 65.15 0.52 1.65
 Bolivia 64.93 62.27 67.91 5.64 62.35 4.82 67.16 0.68 67.84 −3.37 64.47 0.46 64.93 −4.21 −3.53
 Mauritania 64.69 62.97 66.45 3.48 61.03 3.13 64.16 1.53 65.69 −1.16 64.53 0.16 64.69 −1.32 0.21
 Ghana 63.95 61.80 66.13 4.33 58.20 4.85 63.05 1.69 64.74 −0.63 64.11 −0.16 63.95 −0.94 0.75
 Haiti 63.73 60.89 66.69 5.80 58.37 4.62 62.99 1.27 64.25 −0.20 64.05 −0.32 63.73 −1.06 0.20
 Yemen 63.72 60.49 67.22 6.73 62.59 4.80 67.38 −2.29 65.09 −0.44 64.65 −0.93 63.72 −1.34 −3.63
 Comoros 63.68 61.52 66.06 4.58 58.76 3.76 62.52 1.55 64.07 0.10 64.17 −0.75 63.42 −0.65 0.90
 Uganda 63.64 61.49 65.70 4.21 48.34 12.07 60.41 2.58 62.99 −0.14 62.85 0.79 63.64 −0.29 2.30
 Congo, Rep. 63.05 61.51 64.62 3.11 53.68 9.27 62.95 −0.20 62.75 1.04 63.78 −0.73 63.05 0.77 0.57
 Gambia 62.91 61.48 64.34 2.86 56.94 5.33 62.27 1.49 63.76 −1.14 62.61 0.30 62.91 −1.67 −0.19
 Malawi 62.90 59.58 66.33 6.98 44.52 16.38 60.90 3.22 64.12 −0.40 63.72 −0.82 62.90 −1.21 2.01
 Afghanistan 62.88 59.77 66.21 6.44 55.30 7.25 62.55 1.02 63.56 −0.99 62.58 0.30 62.88 −1.58 −0.56
 Djibouti 62.86 60.34 65.50 5.16 56.57 5.07 61.64 1.44 63.09 −0.39 62.69 0.17 62.86 −0.78 0.66
 Niger 62.08 60.82 63.40 2.58 49.32 11.46 60.79 2.11 62.90 −1.45 61.45 0.63 62.08 −1.32 0.79
 Kenya 62.05 59.58 64.69 5.11 54.41 7.41 61.82 1.13 62.94 −0.27 62.67 −1.25 61.43 −1.52 −0.39
 Burundi 61.98 60.98 63.87 2.89 47.51 12.35 59.87 2.48 62.35 −0.78 61.57 0.41 61.98 −0.69 1.79
 Angola 61.93 59.35 64.54 5.19 46.02 14.02 60.04 2.41 62.45 −0.19 62.26 −0.33 61.93 −0.80 1.60
 Zambia 61.80 59.06 64.51 5.45 45.23 15.47 60.70 2.09 62.79 −0.41 62.38 −0.58 61.80 −1.57 0.52
 Togo 61.59 60.95 62.33 1.38 54.74 4.11 58.85 2.05 60.90 0.13 61.03 0.56 61.59 0.72 2.77
 South Africa 61.48 58.60 64.18 5.58 58.47 4.91 63.38 2.79 66.17 −0.92 65.25 −3.77 61.48 −3.83 −1.04
 Equatorial Guinea 61.19 59.43 63.26 3.83 53.23 6.37 59.59 2.05 61.64 −0.94 60.71 0.48 61.19 −1.05 1.00
 Liberia 61.10 59.80 62.39 2.59 51.36 7.77 59.12 1.98 61.10 −0.16 60.95 0.15 61.10 −0.36 1.63
 Cameroon 60.96 59.39 62.56 3.17 52.93 6.00 58.94 2.65 61.58 −0.75 60.83 0.13 60.96 −1.25 1.40
 Sierra Leone 60.41 59.12 61.69 2.57 45.05 11.34 56.39 3.86 60.26 −0.49 59.76 0.65 60.41 −0.19 3.67
 Benin 59.95 58.27 61.68 3.41 56.58 2.55 59.12 1.33 60.45 −0.37 60.09 −0.14 59.95 −0.63 0.70
 Guinea-Bissau 59.86 57.67 61.93 4.26 50.12 8.49 58.61 2.27 60.88 −0.88 60.00 −0.14 59.86 −1.23 1.04
 Burkina Faso 59.77 57.95 61.51 3.56 50.85 7.51 58.36 1.68 60.04 −0.31 59.73 0.04 59.77 −0.77 0.91
 DR Congo 59.74 57.52 62.05 4.53 51.78 6.52 58.30 1.98 60.28 −0.54 59.74 0.00 59.74 −1.08 0.90
 Mozambique 59.63 56.53 62.69 6.16 49.49 7.78 57.27 3.89 61.17 0.01 61.17 −1.54 59.63 −1.84 2.05
 Mali 59.42 58.07 60.83 2.76 50.54 7.36 57.90 1.76 59.66 −1.03 58.63 0.79 59.42 −0.72 1.04
 Zimbabwe 59.39 56.43 62.09 5.66 44.69 14.16 58.85 2.45 61.29 −0.17 61.12 −1.73 59.39 −2.04 0.41
 Guinea 58.98 57.64 60.24 2.60 52.48 5.41 57.89 1.83 59.72 −0.39 59.33 0.65 58.98 −0.83 1.01
 Cote d'Ivoire 58.92 57.69 60.28 2.59 50.84 6.37 57.21 2.11 59.32 −0.29 59.03 −0.11 58.92 −0.72 1.39
 Namibia 58.06 54.59 62.98 8.39 51.99 7.83 59.82 3.25 63.08 −0.25 62.83 −3.56 59.27 −3.81 −0.55
 Eswatini 56.36 52.65 61.70 9.05 47.26 5.79 53.05 7.50 60.55 −0.86 59.69 −3.33 56.36 −3.48 4.02
 Somalia 56.11 54.07 58.23 4.16 50.66 3.62 54.28 2.80 57.08 −1.11 55.97 0.14 56.11 −1.80 1.00
 South Sudan 55.57 54.04 57.05 3.01 46.03 8.95 54.97 0.94 55.91 −0.43 55.48 0.09 55.57 −0.94 0.00
 Central African Republic 54.48 52.26 56.83 4.57 45.41 5.16 50.57 4.46 55.02 −0.42 54.60 −0.12 54.48 −1.13 3.33
 Nigeria 53.63 53.30 53.97 0.67 47.19 4.60 51.79 1.12 52.91 −0.02 52.89 0.54 53.63 −0.23 0.89
 Lesotho 53.04 50.32 55.92 5.60 48.43 1.61 50.03 4.14 54.17 0.52 54.69 −1.65 53.04 −1.11 3.03
 Chad 53.00 51.30 54.77 3.47 47.44 3.76 51.20 2.06 53.26 −0.48 52.78 0.22 53.00 −0.73 1.32
Life expectancy in world, according to estimation of the World Bank Group, 2019–2021

United Nations (2022)[edit]

Shown is the "period life expectancy" at birth. This is the average number of years a newborn would live if age-specific mortality rates in the current year were to stay the same throughout its life. The data is taken from the 2020, 2021/2022 and 2023/2024 United Nations World Population Prospects.[7][8][9] It is also used to calculate the Human Development Index. Only countries with populations over 50,000 are listed. Due to this criterion, the table does not include such countries as Monaco (LE 86.9 years, population 39,000) and Liechtenstein (LE 84.7 years, population 40,000). By default, the list is sorted by 2022. Data for 2021 can also be viewed via Our World in Data.[10]

Countries &
territories
2019 2019
→2021
2021 2021
→2022
2022 2019
→2022
overall male female F Δ M overall male female F Δ M overall male female F Δ M
 Japan 84.6 81.5 87.7 6.2 0.2 84.8 81.8 87.7 5.9 0.0 84.8 81.8 87.8 6.0 0.2 Japan
 Switzerland 83.8 81.9 85.6 3.7 0.2 84.0 82.0 85.9 3.9 0.3 84.3 82.5 85.9 3.4 0.5 Switzerland
 Hong Kong SAR, China 84.9 82.0 87.7 5.7 0.6 85.5 82.7 88.3 5.6 −1.2 84.3 81.8 86.9 5.1 −0.6 Hong Kong
 Singapore 83.6 81.5 85.7 4.2 −0.8 82.8 80.6 84.9 4.3 1.3 84.1 82.0 86.3 4.3 0.5 Singapore
 Italy 83.5 81.3 85.5 4.2 −0.6 82.9 80.5 85.1 4.6 1.2 84.1 82.0 86.0 4.0 0.6 Italy
 South Korea 83.0 79.9 86.0 6.1 0.7 83.7 80.4 86.8 6.4 0.3 84.0 80.7 87.1 6.4 1.0 South Korea
 Spain 83.6 80.8 86.2 5.4 −0.6 83.0 80.2 85.8 5.6 0.9 83.9 81.2 86.5 5.3 0.3 Spain
 Malta 82.5 80.7 84.3 3.6 1.3 83.8 81.4 86.1 4.7 −0.1 83.7 81.6 85.7 4.1 1.2 Malta
 Australia 83.4 81.5 85.4 3.9 1.1 84.5 83.2 85.8 2.6 −0.9 83.6 81.7 85.5 3.8 0.2 Australia
 Andorra 81.9 −1.5 80.4 77.2 84.3 7.1 3.2 83.6 81.4 85.8 4.4 1.7 Andorra
 Sweden 82.8 81.0 84.6 3.6 0.2 83.0 81.1 84.9 3.8 0.5 83.5 81.9 85.1 3.2 0.7 Sweden
 Norway 82.4 80.4 84.4 4.0 0.8 83.2 81.6 84.9 3.3 0.2 83.4 81.7 85.1 3.4 1.0 Norway
 France 82.7 79.7 85.5 5.8 −0.2 82.5 79.4 85.5 6.1 0.7 83.2 80.4 86.0 5.6 0.5 France
 New Zealand 82.3 80.6 84.0 3.4 0.2 82.5 80.6 84.3 3.7 0.5 83.0 81.3 84.7 3.4 0.7 New Zealand
 Iceland 83.0 81.5 84.5 3.0 −0.3 82.7 81.2 84.2 3.0 0.1 82.8 81.4 84.3 2.9 −0.2 Iceland
 Canada 82.4 80.4 84.4 4.0 0.3 82.7 80.6 84.7 4.1 0.1 82.8 80.9 84.8 3.9 0.4 Canada
 Ireland 82.3 80.7 83.9 3.2 −0.3 82.0 80.2 83.8 3.6 0.7 82.7 81.0 84.4 3.4 0.4 Republic of Ireland
 Israel 83.0 81.3 84.5 3.2 −0.7 82.3 80.2 84.3 4.1 0.3 82.6 80.6 84.5 3.9 −0.4 Israel
 Luxembourg 82.3 80.2 84.3 4.1 0.3 82.6 80.4 84.8 4.4 0.0 82.6 80.4 84.8 4.4 0.3 Luxembourg
 Netherlands 82.3 80.6 84.0 3.4 −0.6 81.7 80.0 83.4 3.4 0.8 82.5 80.9 83.9 3.0 0.2 Netherlands
 Austria 81.5 79.2 83.9 4.7 0.1 81.6 79.0 84.1 5.1 0.8 82.4 80.2 84.6 4.4 0.9 Austria
 Finland 81.9 79.1 84.7 5.6 0.1 82.0 79.3 84.7 5.4 0.4 82.4 79.8 84.9 5.1 0.5 Finland
 Belgium 81.6 79.3 83.9 4.6 0.3 81.9 79.4 84.3 4.9 0.4 82.3 80.2 84.4 4.2 0.7 Belgium
 United Kingdom 81.3 79.6 83.0 3.4 −0.6 80.7 78.7 82.8 4.1 1.5 82.2 80.4 83.8 3.4 0.9 United Kingdom
 Portugal 82.1 79.0 84.9 5.9 −1.1 81.0 77.8 84.1 6.3 1.2 82.2 79.3 84.9 5.6 0.1 Portugal
 Slovenia 81.3 78.6 84.0 5.4 −0.6 80.7 77.6 83.8 6.2 1.4 82.1 79.6 84.6 5.0 0.8 Slovenia
 Cyprus 81.0 78.9 83.0 4.1 0.2 81.2 79.2 83.2 4.0 0.7 81.9 80.1 83.7 3.6 0.9 Cyprus
 Denmark 80.9 78.9 82.9 4.0 0.5 81.4 79.5 83.3 3.8 0.5 81.9 80.0 83.8 3.8 1.0 Denmark
 Qatar 80.2 79.1 82.0 2.9 −0.9 79.3 78.3 80.9 2.6 2.3 81.6 80.6 83.1 2.5 1.4 Qatar
 Germany 81.3 78.9 83.7 4.8 −0.7 80.6 78.1 83.2 5.1 0.4 81.0 78.5 83.5 5.0 −0.3 Germany
 Maldives 78.9 77.5 80.8 3.3 1.0 79.9 79.1 81.0 1.9 0.9 80.8 80.1 81.8 1.7 1.9 Maldives
 Greece 82.2 79.8 84.7 4.9 −2.1 80.1 77.5 82.9 5.4 0.5 80.6 78.0 83.3 5.3 −1.6 Greece
 Kuwait 75.5 74.8 76.6 1.8 3.2 78.7 77.2 81.5 4.3 1.6 80.3 78.9 82.8 3.9 4.8 Kuwait
 Thailand 77.2 73.5 80.9 7.4 1.5 78.7 74.5 83.0 8.5 1.0 79.7 75.5 83.9 8.4 2.5 Thailand
 Chile 80.2 77.8 82.4 4.6 −1.3 78.9 76.5 81.4 4.9 0.6 79.5 77.2 81.9 4.7 −0.7 Chile
 Bahrain 77.3 76.4 78.4 2.0 1.5 78.8 77.8 80.0 2.2 0.4 79.2 78.2 80.5 2.3 1.9 Bahrain
 United Arab Emirates 78.0 77.3 79.3 2.0 0.7 78.7 77.2 80.9 3.7 0.5 79.2 77.7 81.4 3.7 1.2 United Arab Emirates
 Antigua and Barbuda 77.0 75.9 78.1 2.2 1.5 78.5 75.8 80.9 5.1 0.7 79.2 76.5 81.6 5.1 2.2 Antigua and Barbuda
 Croatia 78.5 75.3 81.6 6.3 −0.9 77.6 74.2 81.1 6.9 1.6 79.2 76.4 82.0 5.6 0.7 Croatia
 Estonia 78.8 74.4 82.7 8.3 −1.7 77.1 72.8 81.2 8.4 2.1 79.2 75.0 83.0 8.0 0.4 Estonia
 China 76.9 74.8 79.2 4.4 1.3 78.2 75.5 81.2 5.7 0.4 78.6 76.0 81.3 5.3 1.7 China
 Turkey 77.7 74.7 80.6 5.9 −1.7 76.0 73.0 79.1 6.1 2.5 78.5 75.4 81.5 6.1 0.8 Turkey
 Cuba 78.8 76.8 80.8 4.0 −5.1 73.7 71.2 76.4 5.2 4.5 78.2 75.8 80.6 4.8 −0.6 Cuba
 USA 78.9 76.3 81.4 5.1 −1.7 77.2 74.3 80.2 5.9 1.0 78.2 75.5 81.0 5.5 −0.7 United States
 Czechia 79.4 76.8 81.9 5.1 −1.7 77.7 74.7 80.9 6.2 0.4 78.1 75.1 81.2 6.1 −1.3 Czech Republic
 Uruguay 77.9 74.1 81.5 7.4 −2.5 75.4 71.7 79.3 7.6 2.6 78.0 74.1 81.7 7.6 0.1 Uruguay
 Saudi Arabia 75.1 73.9 76.8 2.9 1.8 76.9 75.6 78.8 3.2 1.0 77.9 76.7 79.5 2.8 2.8 Saudi Arabia
 Ecuador 77.0 74.3 79.8 5.5 −3.3 73.7 70.3 77.5 7.2 4.2 77.9 75.3 80.5 5.2 0.9 Ecuador
 Barbados 79.2 77.8 80.5 2.7 −1.6 77.6 75.6 79.4 3.8 0.1 77.7 75.7 79.6 3.9 −1.5 Barbados
 Costa Rica 80.3 77.7 82.9 5.2 −3.3 77.0 74.4 79.8 5.4 0.3 77.3 74.8 80.0 5.2 −3.0 Costa Rica
 Algeria 76.9 75.7 78.1 2.4 −0.5 76.4 74.9 78.0 3.1 0.7 77.1 75.9 78.5 2.6 0.2 Algeria
 Poland 78.7 74.8 82.6 7.8 −2.2 76.5 72.6 80.4 7.8 0.5 77.0 73.2 80.8 7.6 −1.7 Poland
 Albania 78.6 77.0 80.2 3.2 −2.1 76.5 74.1 79.2 5.1 0.3 76.8 74.5 79.5 5.0 −1.8 Albania
 Panama 78.5 75.4 81.8 6.4 −2.3 76.2 73.0 79.6 6.6 0.6 76.8 73.7 80.1 6.4 −1.7 Panama
 Montenegro 76.9 74.4 79.3 4.9 −0.6 76.3 73.0 79.8 6.8 0.5 76.8 73.5 80.3 6.8 −0.1 Montenegro
 Sri Lanka 77.0 73.6 80.3 6.7 −0.6 76.4 73.1 79.5 6.4 0.2 76.6 72.9 80.2 7.3 −0.4 Sri Lanka
 Malaysia 76.2 74.2 78.3 4.1 −1.3 74.9 72.7 77.4 4.7 1.4 76.3 74.0 78.8 4.8 0.1 Malaysia
 Argentina 76.7 73.2 80.0 6.8 −1.3 75.4 72.2 78.6 6.4 0.7 76.1 72.9 79.3 6.4 −0.6 Argentina
 Latvia 75.3 70.2 80.0 9.8 −1.7 73.6 69.2 77.8 8.6 2.3 75.9 71.5 80.1 8.6 0.6 Latvia
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 77.4 74.9 79.9 5.0 −2.1 75.3 73.1 77.5 4.4 0.0 75.3 73.1 77.5 4.4 −2.1 Bosnia and Herzegovina
 Grenada 72.4 70.1 75.0 4.9 2.5 74.9 72.2 77.9 5.7 0.4 75.3 72.6 78.3 5.7 2.9 Grenada
 Slovakia 77.5 74.0 81.0 7.0 −2.6 74.9 71.5 78.4 6.9 0.4 75.3 71.9 78.8 6.9 −2.2 Slovakia
 Morocco 76.7 75.4 77.9 2.5 −2.7 74.0 71.9 76.4 4.5 1.0 75.0 72.9 77.2 4.3 −1.7 Morocco
 Hungary 76.9 73.2 80.3 7.1 −2.4 74.5 71.1 77.9 6.8 0.5 75.0 71.6 78.3 6.7 −1.9 Hungary
 Mexico 75.1 72.2 77.9 5.7 −4.9 70.2 66.1 74.9 8.8 4.6 74.8 71.5 78.2 6.7 −0.3 Mexico
 Trinidad and Tobago 73.5 70.9 76.2 5.3 −0.5 73.0 69.7 76.4 6.7 1.7 74.7 71.3 78.2 6.9 1.2 Trinidad and Tobago
 Cabo Verde 73.0 69.5 76.2 6.7 1.1 74.1 69.6 78.5 8.9 0.6 74.7 70.3 79.0 8.7 1.7 Cape Verde
 Brunei 75.9 74.7 77.1 2.4 −1.3 74.6 72.6 76.9 4.3 0.0 74.6 72.5 76.8 4.3 −1.3 Brunei
 Iran 76.7 75.6 77.9 2.3 −2.8 73.9 71.2 76.8 5.6 0.7 74.6 71.9 77.5 5.6 −2.1 Iran
 Nicaragua 74.5 70.9 78.0 7.1 −0.7 73.8 70.8 76.8 6.0 0.8 74.6 71.6 77.6 6.0 0.1 Nicaragua
 Vietnam 75.4 71.3 79.5 8.2 −1.8 73.6 69.1 78.2 9.1 1.0 74.6 69.9 79.3 9.4 −0.8 Vietnam
 Lebanon 78.9 77.1 80.9 3.8 −3.9 75.0 72.8 77.3 4.5 −0.6 74.4 72.2 76.6 4.4 −4.5 Lebanon
 Bahamas 73.9 71.7 76.1 4.4 −2.3 71.6 68.1 75.1 7.0 2.8 74.4 70.8 77.8 7.0 0.5 The Bahamas
 Tunisia 76.7 74.7 78.7 4.0 −2.9 73.8 70.7 77.1 6.4 0.5 74.3 71.4 77.4 6.0 −2.4 Tunisia
 Lithuania 75.9 70.3 81.4 11.1 −2.2 73.7 68.8 78.8 10.0 0.6 74.3 69.5 79.1 9.6 −1.6 Lithuania
 Jordan 74.5 72.8 76.3 3.5 −0.2 74.3 72.1 76.8 4.7 −0.1 74.2 72.1 76.7 4.6 −0.3 Jordan
 Dominican Republic 74.1 71.0 77.4 6.4 −1.5 72.6 69.3 76.3 7.0 1.6 74.2 71.0 77.5 6.5 0.1 Dominican Republic
 Serbia 76.0 73.4 78.6 5.2 −1.8 74.2 71.2 77.2 6.0 −0.1 74.1 71.3 77.0 5.7 −1.9 Serbia
 Romania 76.1 72.6 79.5 6.9 −1.9 74.2 70.6 77.9 7.3 −0.1 74.1 70.7 77.6 6.9 −2.0 Romania
 Mauritius 75.0 71.7 78.5 6.8 −1.4 73.6 70.4 76.8 6.4 0.4 74.0 71.0 77.1 6.1 −1.0 Mauritius
 Oman 77.9 76.1 80.3 4.2 −5.4 72.5 71.0 74.7 3.7 1.4 73.9 72.4 76.0 3.6 −4.0 Oman
 North Macedonia 75.8 73.8 77.8 4.0 −2.0 73.8 71.7 76.2 4.5 0.1 73.9 71.7 76.2 4.5 −1.9 North Macedonia
 Bangladesh 72.6 70.9 74.6 3.7 −0.2 72.4 70.6 74.3 3.7 1.3 73.7 71.5 76.0 4.5 1.1 Bangladesh
 Colombia 77.3 74.5 80.0 5.5 −4.5 72.8 69.4 76.4 7.0 0.9 73.7 70.3 77.1 6.8 −3.6 Colombia
 North Korea 72.3 68.6 75.7 7.1 1.0 73.3 70.8 75.7 4.9 0.3 73.6 71.0 76.1 5.1 1.3 North Korea
 Azerbaijan 73.0 70.5 75.5 5.0 −3.6 69.4 65.6 73.3 7.7 4.1 73.5 70.6 76.2 5.6 0.5 Azerbaijan
 Peru 76.7 74.1 79.5 5.4 −4.3 72.4 70.1 74.7 4.6 1.0 73.4 71.3 75.5 4.2 −3.3 Peru
 Palestine 74.1 72.4 75.8 3.4 −0.6 73.5 71.1 75.9 4.8 −0.1 73.4 71.0 75.9 4.9 −0.7 State of Palestine
 Brazil 75.9 72.2 79.6 7.4 −3.1 72.8 69.6 76.0 6.4 0.6 73.4 70.3 76.6 6.3 −2.5 Brazil
 Armenia 75.1 71.3 78.5 7.2 −3.1 72.0 66.6 77.4 10.8 1.4 73.4 67.9 78.4 10.5 −1.7 Armenia
 Belarus 74.8 69.7 79.6 9.9 −2.4 72.4 67.3 77.7 10.4 0.8 73.2 68.1 78.4 10.3 −1.6 Belarus
 Dominica 78.2 −5.4 72.8 69.7 76.3 6.6 0.2 73.0 69.9 76.5 6.6 −5.2 Dominica
 Mongolia 69.9 65.8 74.1 8.3 1.1 71.0 66.5 75.7 9.2 1.7 72.7 68.1 77.4 9.3 2.8 Mongolia
 Samoa 73.3 71.3 75.5 4.2 −0.5 72.8 70.3 75.5 5.2 −0.2 72.6 70.1 75.3 5.2 −0.7 Samoa
 Syria 72.7 67.9 78.1 10.2 −0.6 72.1 69.1 75.2 6.1 0.2 72.3 68.7 76.1 7.4 −0.4 Syria
 Bhutan 71.8 71.4 72.2 0.8 0.0 71.8 70.1 73.8 3.7 0.4 72.2 70.6 74.2 3.6 0.4 Bhutan
 Philippines 71.2 67.3 75.5 8.2 −1.9 69.3 67.2 71.5 4.3 2.9 72.2 70.2 74.2 4.0 1.0 Philippines
 Libya 72.9 70.1 76.0 5.9 −1.0 71.9 69.6 74.4 4.8 0.3 72.2 69.7 74.8 5.1 −0.7 Libya
World 72.8 70.6 75.0 4.4 −1.4 71.4 68.9 74.0 5.1 0.6 72.0 69.6 74.5 4.9 −0.8
 Uzbekistan 71.7 69.6 73.8 4.2 −0.8 70.9 68.3 73.4 5.1 0.8 71.7 69.0 74.3 5.3 0.0 Uzbekistan
 Seychelles 73.4 69.9 77.4 7.5 −2.1 71.3 67.7 75.7 8.0 0.4 71.7 68.2 76.0 7.8 −1.7 Seychelles
 Georgia 73.8 69.3 78.1 8.8 −2.1 71.7 66.8 76.7 9.9 −0.1 71.6 66.8 76.5 9.7 −2.2 Georgia (country)
 Bulgaria 75.1 71.6 78.7 7.1 −3.3 71.8 68.4 75.5 7.1 −0.3 71.5 68.3 75.1 6.8 −3.6 Bulgaria
 El Salvador 73.3 68.5 77.8 9.3 −2.6 70.7 66.1 75.1 9.0 0.8 71.5 66.8 75.8 9.0 −1.8 El Salvador
 Tajikistan 71.1 68.9 73.4 4.5 0.5 71.6 69.6 73.7 4.1 −0.3 71.3 69.2 73.5 4.3 0.2 Tajikistan
 Iraq 70.6 68.6 72.7 4.1 −0.2 70.4 68.2 72.4 4.2 0.9 71.3 69.2 73.4 4.2 0.7 Iraq
 Tonga 70.9 69.0 72.9 3.9 0.1 71.0 68.4 73.7 5.3 0.3 71.3 68.6 74.1 5.5 0.4 Tonga
 Saint Lucia 76.2 74.9 77.6 2.7 −5.1 71.1 67.8 74.7 6.9 0.2 71.3 68.0 74.9 6.9 −4.9 Saint Lucia
 Venezuela 72.1 68.3 76.0 7.7 −1.5 70.6 66.3 75.2 8.9 0.5 71.1 66.9 75.7 8.8 −1.0 Venezuela
 Belize 74.6 71.7 77.8 6.1 −4.1 70.5 67.1 74.3 7.2 0.5 71.0 67.7 74.7 7.0 −3.6 Belize
 Micronesia 67.9 66.2 69.6 3.4 2.8 70.7 67.1 74.6 7.5 0.2 70.9 67.3 74.8 7.5 3.0 Federated States of Micronesia
 Solomon Islands 73.0 71.3 74.9 3.6 −2.7 70.3 68.9 72.0 3.1 0.4 70.7 69.3 72.4 3.1 −2.3 Solomon Islands
 Honduras 75.3 73.0 77.6 4.6 −5.2 70.1 67.9 72.5 4.6 0.6 70.7 68.5 73.2 4.7 −4.6 Honduras
 Jamaica 74.5 72.9 76.1 3.2 −4.0 70.5 68.5 72.5 4.0 0.1 70.6 68.5 72.7 4.2 −3.9 Jamaica
 Nepal 70.8 69.3 72.2 2.9 −2.4 68.4 66.6 70.4 3.8 2.1 70.5 68.6 72.4 3.8 −0.3 Nepal
 Vanuatu 70.5 69.0 72.2 3.2 −0.1 70.4 68.4 72.9 4.5 0.1 70.5 68.3 73.1 4.8 0.0 Vanuatu
 Paraguay 74.3 72.3 76.4 4.1 −4.0 70.3 67.4 73.4 6.0 0.2 70.5 67.6 73.6 6.0 −3.8 Paraguay
 Kyrgyzstan 71.5 67.4 75.6 8.2 −1.5 70.0 65.8 74.4 8.6 0.5 70.5 66.2 74.9 8.7 −1.0 Kyrgyzstan
 Suriname 71.7 68.5 75.1 6.6 −1.4 70.3 67.2 73.6 6.4 0.0 70.3 67.2 73.6 6.4 −1.4 Suriname
 Egypt 72.0 69.7 74.4 4.7 −1.8 70.2 67.9 72.6 4.7 0.0 70.2 67.9 72.6 4.7 −1.8 Egypt
 Russia 72.6 67.1 77.8 10.7 −3.2 69.4 64.2 74.8 10.6 0.7 70.1 64.7 75.7 11.0 −2.5 Russia
 Cambodia 69.8 67.5 71.9 4.4 −0.2 69.6 66.8 72.3 5.5 0.3 69.9 67.1 72.6 5.5 0.1 Cambodia
 Kazakhstan 73.6 69.2 77.7 8.5 −4.2 69.4 65.5 73.1 7.6 0.1 69.5 65.8 73.0 7.2 −4.1 Kazakhstan
 Turkmenistan 68.2 64.7 71.7 7.0 1.1 69.3 65.9 72.7 6.8 0.1 69.4 65.9 72.9 7.0 1.2 Turkmenistan
 Timor-Leste 69.5 67.5 71.6 4.1 −1.8 67.7 66.1 69.5 3.4 1.4 69.1 67.4 70.8 3.4 −0.4 East Timor
 Laos 67.9 66.1 69.7 3.6 0.2 68.1 66.2 70.1 3.9 0.9 69.0 66.9 71.2 4.3 1.1 Laos
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 72.5 70.3 75.1 4.8 −2.9 69.6 67.4 72.4 5.0 −0.6 69.0 66.7 71.7 5.0 −3.5 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
 Sao Tome and Principe 70.4 68.0 72.8 4.8 −2.8 67.6 65.2 70.4 5.2 1.2 68.8 66.1 71.9 5.8 −1.6 São Tomé and Príncipe
 Guatemala 74.3 71.4 77.2 5.8 −5.1 69.2 66.0 72.7 6.7 −0.5 68.7 65.7 71.8 6.1 −5.6 Guatemala
 Moldova 71.9 67.6 76.2 8.6 −3.1 68.8 64.4 73.5 9.1 −0.2 68.6 64.2 73.3 9.1 −3.3 Moldova
 Ukraine 72.1 67.1 76.8 9.7 −0.5 71.6 66.5 76.7 10.2 −3.0 68.6 63.5 73.9 10.4 −3.5 Ukraine
 Fiji 67.4 65.7 69.3 3.6 −0.3 67.1 65.4 68.9 3.5 1.2 68.3 66.5 70.2 3.7 0.9 Fiji
 Indonesia 71.7 69.6 74.0 4.4 −4.1 67.6 65.5 69.7 4.2 0.7 68.3 66.2 70.4 4.2 −3.4 Indonesia
 Senegal 67.9 65.8 69.9 4.1 −0.8 67.1 64.8 69.3 4.5 0.8 67.9 65.5 70.2 4.7 0.0 Senegal
 India 69.7 68.5 71.0 2.5 −2.5 67.2 65.8 68.9 3.1 0.5 67.7 66.3 69.4 3.1 −2.0 India
 Kiribati 68.4 64.2 72.3 8.1 −1.0 67.4 65.5 69.1 3.6 0.3 67.7 65.7 69.4 3.7 −0.7 Kiribati
 Myanmar 67.1 64.0 70.1 6.1 −1.4 65.7 62.5 69.0 6.5 1.6 67.3 64.2 70.5 6.3 0.2 Myanmar
 Rwanda 69.0 66.8 71.1 4.3 −2.9 66.1 63.8 68.2 4.4 1.0 67.1 64.8 69.2 4.4 −1.9 Rwanda
 Tanzania 65.5 63.6 67.2 3.6 0.7 66.2 64.2 68.3 4.1 0.6 66.8 64.7 68.9 4.2 1.3 Tanzania
 Eritrea 66.3 64.2 68.6 4.4 0.2 66.5 64.3 68.7 4.4 0.1 66.6 64.5 68.7 4.2 0.3 Eritrea
 Pakistan 67.3 66.3 68.3 2.0 −1.2 66.1 63.8 68.6 4.8 0.3 66.4 64.1 68.9 4.8 −0.9 Pakistan
 Papua New Guinea 64.5 63.3 65.8 2.5 0.9 65.4 62.9 68.4 5.5 0.6 66.0 63.4 69.2 5.8 1.5 Papua New Guinea
 Guyana 69.9 66.9 73.1 6.2 −4.2 65.7 62.5 69.1 6.6 0.3 66.0 62.8 69.4 6.6 −3.9 Guyana
 Botswana 69.6 66.5 72.4 5.9 −8.5 61.1 58.7 63.6 4.9 4.8 65.9 63.3 68.4 5.1 −3.7 Botswana
 Gabon 66.5 64.4 68.7 4.3 −0.7 65.8 63.5 68.5 5.0 −0.1 65.7 63.4 68.4 5.0 −0.8 Gabon
 Sudan 65.3 63.5 67.2 3.7 0.0 65.3 62.7 67.9 5.2 0.3 65.6 63.0 68.2 5.2 0.3 Sudan
 Ethiopia 66.6 64.7 68.5 3.8 −1.6 65.0 61.9 68.3 6.4 0.6 65.6 62.6 68.9 6.3 −1.0 Ethiopia
 Madagascar 67.0 65.4 68.7 3.3 −2.5 64.5 62.2 66.9 4.7 0.7 65.2 63.0 67.6 4.6 −1.8 Madagascar
 Marshall Islands 74.1 −8.8 65.3 63.7 67.2 3.5 −0.2 65.1 63.5 67.1 3.6 −9.0 Marshall Islands
 Bolivia 71.5 68.7 74.5 5.8 −7.9 63.6 60.9 66.8 5.9 1.3 64.9 62.3 67.9 5.6 −6.6 Bolivia
 Mauritania 64.9 63.3 66.5 3.2 −0.5 64.4 62.7 66.1 3.4 0.3 64.7 63.0 66.4 3.4 −0.2 Mauritania
 Ghana 64.1 63.0 65.2 2.2 −0.3 63.8 61.6 66.0 4.4 0.1 63.9 61.8 66.1 4.3 −0.2 Ghana
 Comoros 64.3 62.6 66.1 3.5 −0.9 63.4 61.2 65.8 4.6 0.3 63.7 61.5 66.1 4.6 −0.6 Comoros
 Haiti 64.0 61.8 66.2 4.4 −0.8 63.2 60.4 66.1 5.7 0.5 63.7 60.9 66.7 5.8 −0.3 Haiti
 Yemen 66.1 64.4 67.8 3.4 −2.3 63.8 60.6 67.1 6.5 −0.1 63.7 60.5 67.2 6.7 −2.4 Yemen
 Uganda 63.4 61.0 65.6 4.6 −0.7 62.7 60.4 64.9 4.5 0.9 63.6 61.5 65.7 4.2 0.2 Uganda
 Congo, Rep. 64.6 63.1 66.0 2.9 −1.1 63.5 62.1 64.9 2.8 −0.4 63.1 61.5 64.6 3.1 −1.5 Republic of the Congo
 Gambia 62.1 60.7 63.5 2.8 0.0 62.1 60.7 63.5 2.8 0.8 62.9 61.5 64.3 2.8 0.8 The Gambia
 Djibouti 67.1 65.1 69.4 4.3 −4.8 62.3 59.7 65.0 5.3 0.6 62.9 60.3 65.5 5.2 −4.2 Djibouti
 Afghanistan 64.8 63.4 66.4 3.0 −2.8 62.0 58.9 65.3 6.4 0.9 62.9 59.8 66.2 6.4 −1.9 Afghanistan
 Malawi 64.3 61.1 67.4 6.3 −1.4 62.9 59.5 66.5 7.0 0.0 62.9 59.6 66.3 6.7 −1.4 Malawi
 Niger 62.4 61.3 63.6 2.3 −0.8 61.6 60.4 62.8 2.4 0.5 62.1 60.8 63.4 2.6 −0.3 Niger
 Kenya 66.7 64.3 69.0 4.7 −5.3 61.4 58.9 64.1 5.2 0.7 62.1 59.6 64.7 5.1 −4.6 Kenya
 Burundi 61.6 59.8 63.4 3.6 0.1 61.7 59.7 63.6 3.9 0.3 62.0 60.1 63.9 3.8 0.4 Burundi
 Angola 61.2 58.4 64.0 5.6 0.4 61.6 59.0 64.3 5.3 0.3 61.9 59.4 64.5 5.1 0.7 Angola
 Zambia 63.9 60.8 66.9 6.1 −2.7 61.2 58.5 63.9 5.4 0.6 61.8 59.1 64.5 5.4 −2.1 Zambia
 Togo 61.0 60.2 61.9 1.7 0.6 61.6 60.8 62.4 1.6 0.0 61.6 60.9 62.2 1.3 0.6 Togo
 South Africa 64.1 60.7 67.7 7.0 −1.8 62.3 59.5 65.0 5.5 −0.8 61.5 58.6 64.2 5.6 −2.6 South Africa
 Equatorial Guinea 58.7 57.7 59.9 2.2 1.9 60.6 58.8 62.7 3.9 0.6 61.2 59.4 63.3 3.9 2.5 Equatorial Guinea
 Liberia 64.1 62.7 65.5 2.8 −3.4 60.7 59.4 62.1 2.7 0.4 61.1 59.8 62.4 2.6 −3.0 Liberia
 Cameroon 59.3 58.0 60.6 2.6 1.0 60.3 58.7 62.0 3.3 0.7 61.0 59.4 62.6 3.2 1.7 Cameroon
 Sierra Leone 54.7 53.9 55.5 1.6 5.4 60.1 58.8 61.4 2.6 0.3 60.4 59.1 61.7 2.6 5.7 Sierra Leone
 Benin 61.8 60.2 63.3 3.1 −2.0 59.8 58.2 61.4 3.2 0.2 60.0 58.3 61.7 3.4 −1.8 Benin
 Guinea-Bissau 58.3 56.3 60.2 3.9 1.4 59.7 57.4 61.8 4.4 0.2 59.9 57.7 61.9 4.2 1.6 Guinea-Bissau
 Burkina Faso 61.6 60.7 62.3 1.6 −2.3 59.3 57.5 61.0 3.5 0.5 59.8 58.0 61.5 3.5 −1.8 Burkina Faso
 DR Congo 60.7 59.1 62.2 3.1 −1.5 59.2 57.0 61.5 4.5 0.5 59.7 57.5 62.1 4.6 −1.0 Democratic Republic of the Congo
 Mozambique 60.9 57.8 63.7 5.9 −1.6 59.3 56.2 62.4 6.2 0.3 59.6 56.5 62.7 6.2 −1.3 Mozambique
 Mali 59.3 58.5 60.1 1.6 −0.4 58.9 57.6 60.3 2.7 0.5 59.4 58.1 60.8 2.7 0.1 Mali
 Zimbabwe 61.5 59.8 62.9 3.1 −2.2 59.3 56.2 62.0 5.8 0.1 59.4 56.4 62.1 5.7 −2.1 Zimbabwe
 Guinea 61.6 60.9 62.1 1.2 −2.7 58.9 57.6 60.1 2.5 0.1 59.0 57.6 60.2 2.6 −2.6 Guinea
 Cote d'Ivoire 57.8 56.6 59.1 2.5 0.8 58.6 57.4 59.9 2.5 0.3 58.9 57.7 60.3 2.6 1.1 Ivory Coast
 Namibia 63.7 60.7 66.5 5.8 −4.4 59.3 55.7 63.0 7.3 −1.2 58.1 54.6 61.7 7.1 −5.6 Namibia
 Eswatini 60.2 56.0 64.8 8.8 −3.1 57.1 53.4 61.2 7.8 −0.7 56.4 52.6 60.6 8.0 −3.8 Eswatini
 Somalia 57.4 55.7 59.1 3.4 −2.1 55.3 53.2 57.4 4.2 0.8 56.1 54.1 58.2 4.1 −1.3 Somalia
 South Sudan 57.9 56.4 59.4 3.0 −2.9 55.0 53.4 56.5 3.1 0.6 55.6 54.0 57.0 3.0 −2.3 South Sudan
 Central African Republic 53.3 51.1 55.5 4.4 0.6 53.9 51.6 56.3 4.7 0.6 54.5 52.3 56.8 4.5 1.2 Central African Republic
 Nigeria 54.7 53.8 55.6 1.8 −2.0 52.7 52.3 53.1 0.8 0.9 53.6 53.3 54.0 0.7 −1.1 Nigeria
 Chad 54.2 52.8 55.7 2.9 −1.7 52.5 50.8 54.3 3.5 0.5 53.0 51.3 54.8 3.5 −1.2 Chad
 Lesotho 54.3 51.2 57.6 6.4 −1.2 53.1 50.4 55.9 5.5 −0.1 53.0 50.3 55.9 5.6 −1.3 Lesotho

World Health Organization (2020)[edit]

According to data published by the World Health Organization in December 2020.[11][12] By default, data is sorted by life expectancy at birth for all population, and in case of equal values by HALE for all population.

Countries Life expectancy at birth HALE at birth Life expectancy at age 60 HALE at age 60
All M F FΔM Δ
2000
All M F FΔM Δ
2000
All M F FΔM Δ
2000
All M F FΔM Δ
2000
 Japan 84.3 81.5 86.9 5.4 3.2 74.1 72.6 75.5 2.9 2.5 26.3 23.9 28.6 4.7 2.2 20.4 18.8 21.8 3.0 1.7
 Switzerland 83.4 81.8 85.1 3.3 3.7 72.5 72.2 72.8 0.6 3.2 25.4 24.1 26.6 2.5 2.4 19.5 18.8 20.2 1.4 1.8
 South Korea 83.3 80.3 86.1 5.8 7.1 73.1 71.3 74.7 3.4 5.7 25.8 23.4 27.9 4.5 5.1 19.8 18.2 21.2 3.0 3.9
 Singapore 83.2 81.0 85.5 4.5 4.8 73.6 72.4 74.7 2.3 4.1 25.5 23.8 27.2 3.4 4.0 20.0 18.8 21.0 2.2 3.4
 Spain 83.2 80.7 85.7 5.0 4.1 72.1 71.3 72.9 1.6 3.0 25.4 23.3 27.3 4.0 2.7 19.2 18.0 20.3 2.3 1.9
 Cyprus 83.1 81.1 85.1 4.0 4.4 72.4 71.8 73.0 1.2 3.3 24.9 23.3 26.4 3.1 3.0 19.0 18.1 19.9 1.8 2.2
 Italy 83.0 80.9 84.9 4.0 3.6 71.9 71.2 72.6 1.4 2.9 25.0 23.4 26.5 3.1 2.5 18.9 17.9 19.8 1.9 1.8
 Australia 83.0 81.3 84.8 3.5 3.3 70.9 70.2 71.7 1.5 2.3 25.6 24.4 26.8 2.4 2.5 19.0 18.2 19.7 1.5 1.7
 Israel 82.6 80.8 84.4 3.6 4.0 72.4 72.0 72.7 0.7 3.2 24.9 23.6 26.0 2.4 3.0 19.3 18.7 19.9 1.2 2.2
 Norway 82.6 81.1 84.1 3.0 4.1 71.4 71.0 71.6 0.6 3.0 24.7 23.5 25.8 2.3 2.7 18.5 17.8 19.1 1.3 1.8
 France 82.5 79.8 85.1 5.3 3.6 72.1 71.1 73.1 2.0 2.8 25.3 23.3 27.2 3.9 2.3 19.7 18.5 20.8 2.3 1.7
 Sweden 82.4 80.8 84.0 3.2 2.8 71.9 71.7 72.1 0.4 2.0 24.5 23.3 25.6 2.3 2.1 18.9 18.3 19.4 1.1 1.5
 Luxembourg 82.4 80.6 84.2 3.6 4.2 71.6 71.1 72.0 0.9 3.3 24.4 22.9 25.8 2.9 2.6 18.5 17.7 19.3 1.6 1.8
 Iceland 82.3 80.8 83.9 3.1 2.6 72.0 71.7 72.3 0.6 2.2 24.6 23.7 25.5 1.8 2.0 19.0 18.6 19.4 0.8 1.6
 Canada 82.2 80.4 84.1 3.7 3.1 71.3 70.5 72.0 1.5 1.9 25.2 23.8 26.4 2.6 2.7 19.0 18.2 19.7 1.5 1.7
 New Zealand 82.0 80.4 83.5 3.1 3.4 70.2 69.6 70.8 1.2 2.4 24.8 23.8 25.8 2.0 2.4 18.6 17.9 19.2 1.3 1.7
 Malta 81.9 79.9 83.8 3.9 4.0 71.5 70.9 71.9 1.0 3.0 24.5 23.0 25.9 2.9 3.7 18.9 18.0 19.6 1.6 2.7
 Netherlands 81.8 80.4 83.1 2.7 3.8 71.4 71.3 71.5 0.2 2.6 24.1 23.0 25.1 2.1 2.8 18.4 17.9 18.9 1.0 1.8
 Ireland 81.8 80.2 83.5 3.3 5.4 71.1 70.7 71.4 0.7 4.0 24.2 23.0 25.3 2.3 4.0 18.6 18.0 19.2 1.2 2.9
 Germany 81.7 78.7 84.8 6.1 3.6 70.9 69.7 72.1 2.4 2.4 24.4 21.9 26.9 5.0 2.6 18.5 17.0 19.9 2.9 1.7
 Portugal 81.6 78.6 84.4 5.8 5.0 71.0 69.6 72.2 2.6 4.2 24.3 22.1 26.3 4.2 3.1 18.6 17.3 19.8 2.5 2.3
 Finland 81.6 79.2 84.0 4.8 4.0 71.0 69.9 72.0 2.1 3.2 24.2 22.4 25.8 3.4 2.6 18.5 17.3 19.5 2.2 2.0
 Austria 81.6 79.4 83.8 4.4 3.4 70.9 69.9 71.9 2.0 2.7 24.1 22.4 25.6 3.2 2.1 18.3 17.2 19.4 2.2 1.6
 Belgium 81.4 79.3 83.5 4.2 3.7 70.6 69.8 71.3 1.5 2.8 24.0 22.3 25.6 3.3 2.4 18.2 17.2 19.1 1.9 1.6
 United Kingdom 81.4 79.8 83.0 3.2 3.5 70.1 69.6 70.6 1.0 2.5 24.1 23.0 25.2 2.2 2.8 18.3 17.6 18.9 1.3 2.0
 Denmark 81.3 79.6 83.0 3.4 4.4 71.0 70.7 71.4 0.7 3.4 23.6 22.3 24.9 2.6 3.0 18.2 17.6 18.9 1.3 2.2
 Slovenia 81.3 78.6 84.1 5.5 5.2 70.7 69.0 72.5 3.5 4.2 23.8 21.8 25.6 3.8 3.3 17.8 16.4 19.2 2.8 2.5
 Greece 81.1 78.6 83.6 5.0 2.9 70.9 69.9 71.9 2.0 2.3 23.8 22.1 25.5 3.4 2.3 18.4 17.3 19.5 2.2 1.6
 Kuwait 81.0 79.3 83.9 4.6 3.1 70.1 69.5 71.1 1.6 2.4 24.0 22.8 25.9 3.1 1.8 17.8 17.1 18.9 1.8 1.3
 Costa Rica 80.8 78.3 83.4 5.1 2.8 70.0 68.6 71.3 2.7 2.0 25.0 23.6 26.4 2.8 2.6 18.7 17.8 19.5 1.7 1.8
 Chile 80.7 78.1 83.2 5.1 3.9 70.0 69.0 71.1 2.1 3.0 24.3 22.4 25.9 3.5 3.0 18.4 17.3 19.3 2.0 2.0
 Peru 79.9 78.5 81.3 2.8 5.5 69.5 69.2 69.8 0.6 4.6 24.4 23.7 25.1 1.4 2.1 18.5 18.3 18.7 0.4 1.5
 Maldives 79.6 78.6 80.8 2.2 8.6 70.0 69.7 70.0 0.3 7.6 22.1 21.4 23.1 1.7 4.1 16.8 16.4 17.2 0.8 3.1
 Colombia 79.3 76.7 81.9 5.2 5.6 69.0 67.4 70.5 3.1 4.9 24.0 22.5 25.3 2.8 2.3 18.1 17.1 18.9 1.8 1.8
 Panama 79.3 76.6 82.1 5.5 2.1 68.7 67.4 70.0 2.6 1.5 24.3 22.6 26.0 3.4 1.0 18.1 17.1 19.2 2.1 0.5
 Czech Republic 79.1 76.3 81.9 5.6 4.1 68.8 67.0 70.6 3.6 2.9 22.1 19.9 24.0 4.1 2.8 16.3 14.7 17.8 3.1 1.7
 Estonia 78.9 74.7 82.6 7.9 8.0 69.2 66.4 71.7 5.3 6.6 22.5 19.3 25.0 5.7 3.9 17.3 14.8 19.1 4.3 3.0
 Croatia 78.6 75.5 81.6 6.1 4.2 68.6 66.7 70.5 3.8 3.2 21.8 19.4 23.7 4.3 2.8 16.2 14.6 17.7 3.1 1.8
 Turkey 78.6 76.4 80.7 4.3 4.2 68.4 67.8 69.0 1.2 3.4 22.0 20.6 23.2 2.6 0.5 16.6 15.8 17.3 1.5 0.3
 United States of America 78.5 76.3 80.7 4.4 1.8 66.1 65.2 67.0 1.8 0.3 23.1 21.8 24.4 2.6 1.7 16.4 15.6 17.1 1.5 0.7
 Ecuador 78.4 76.4 80.5 4.1 3.9 68.5 67.7 69.3 1.6 3.3 23.2 22.0 24.3 2.3 1.3 17.6 17.0 18.2 1.2 0.8
 Poland 78.3 74.5 81.9 7.4 4.6 68.7 65.9 71.3 5.4 3.7 22.1 19.5 24.3 4.8 2.9 16.8 14.9 18.5 3.6 2.1
 Slovakia 78.2 74.8 81.4 6.6 4.9 68.5 66.2 70.8 4.6 3.8 21.8 19.3 23.9 4.6 3.3 16.6 14.6 18.2 3.6 2.4
 Albania 78.0 76.3 79.9 3.6 4.5 69.1 68.0 70.3 2.3 3.9 21.0 20.2 21.9 1.7 2.0 16.6 15.9 17.3 1.4 1.6
 Jordan 77.9 77.0 78.8 1.8 5.3 67.6 68.1 67.2 −0.9 4.0 21.8 21.6 22.1 0.5 3.2 16.2 16.3 16.2 −0.1 2.3
 Cuba 77.8 75.4 80.3 4.9 1.0 67.8 66.6 69.2 2.6 0.7 21.6 20.0 23.2 3.2 0.0 16.3 15.2 17.4 2.2 −0.2
 Thailand 77.7 74.4 81.0 6.6 6.4 68.3 65.9 70.6 4.7 5.7 23.6 22.1 24.8 2.7 2.8 18.0 17.0 18.8 1.8 2.4
 China 77.4 74.7 80.5 5.8 5.8 68.5 67.2 70.0 2.8 4.8 21.1 19.2 23.1 3.9 2.7 15.9 15.0 16.9 1.9 1.9
 Iran 77.3 75.7 79.1 3.4 4.7 66.3 66.0 66.5 0.5 3.7 21.8 21.2 22.5 1.3 2.1 15.7 15.6 15.8 0.2 1.4
 Qatar 77.2 78.0 76.6 −1.4 5.9 67.1 68.1 65.1 −3.0 4.7 19.5 20.6 18.4 −2.2 3.6 14.2 15.1 13.1 −2.0 2.6
 Uruguay 77.1 73.5 80.6 7.1 2.3 67.5 65.4 69.5 4.1 1.6 21.7 19.0 24.0 5.0 1.1 16.6 14.9 18.2 3.3 0.6
 Algeria 77.1 76.2 78.1 1.9 4.9 66.4 66.7 66.1 −0.6 3.7 22.0 21.5 22.6 1.1 2.2 16.0 15.9 16.2 0.3 1.4
 Tunisia 77.0 74.9 79.2 4.3 2.9 66.9 66.1 67.7 1.6 2.1 21.5 20.2 22.8 2.6 1.4 16.0 15.1 16.8 1.7 0.9
 Sri Lanka 76.9 73.8 79.8 6.0 5.0 67.0 65.1 69.0 3.9 4.0 20.8 18.6 22.6 4.0 1.2 15.3 13.8 16.6 2.8 0.6
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 76.8 74.4 79.1 4.7 1.4 67.2 65.7 68.7 3.0 1.0 20.2 18.6 21.6 3.0 0.6 15.2 14.1 16.2 2.1 0.2
 Argentina 76.6 73.5 79.5 6.0 2.5 67.1 65.4 68.8 3.4 2.0 21.1 18.8 23.1 4.3 0.9 16.3 14.8 17.6 2.8 0.7
 Antigua and Barbuda 76.5 74.9 78.0 3.1 1.9 67.0 66.2 67.7 1.5 1.5 20.6 19.8 21.3 1.5 0.3 15.8 15.3 16.3 1.0 0.1
 Hungary 76.4 73.1 79.6 6.5 5.1 67.2 65.0 69.3 4.3 4.2 20.2 17.7 22.3 4.6 2.2 15.3 13.4 16.8 3.4 1.7
 Lebanon 76.4 74.0 79.2 5.2 1.8 66.0 65.1 67.0 1.9 1.3 20.5 18.8 22.4 3.6 0.7 15.0 13.9 16.2 2.3 0.1
 Trinidad and Tobago 76.1 72.5 79.9 7.4 6.4 66.2 64.0 68.6 4.6 4.8 22.7 20.4 25.0 4.6 4.6 17.2 15.6 18.9 3.3 3.2
 United Arab Emirates 76.1 75.1 78.4 3.3 2.9 66.0 65.8 66.2 0.4 2.1 19.9 19.2 21.7 2.5 1.2 14.5 14.1 15.3 1.2 0.9
 Armenia 76.0 72.5 79.2 6.7 4.1 67.1 64.9 69.1 4.2 3.6 20.4 18.2 22.1 3.9 1.6 15.7 14.2 16.9 2.7 1.2
 Barbados 76.0 74.3 77.7 3.4 1.5 67.0 66.2 67.7 1.5 1.0 20.9 19.9 21.8 1.9 0.2 16.3 15.7 16.9 1.2 −0.1
 Lithuania 76.0 71.2 80.4 9.2 4.0 66.7 63.4 69.7 6.3 3.6 20.9 17.6 23.5 5.9 1.4 15.9 13.4 17.8 4.4 1.2
 Jamaica 76.0 74.4 77.7 3.3 1.8 66.6 65.9 67.3 1.4 1.2 21.3 20.1 22.6 2.5 0.3 16.4 15.5 17.3 1.8 0.1
 Mexico 76.0 73.1 78.9 5.8 1.6 65.8 64.3 67.2 2.9 1.2 21.8 20.5 23.1 2.6 0.2 16.1 15.3 16.8 1.5 0.3
 Montenegro 75.9 73.2 78.7 5.5 2.3 67.0 65.2 68.7 3.5 1.8 19.4 17.4 21.3 3.9 0.2 14.9 13.5 16.3 2.8 0.0
 Serbia 75.9 73.5 78.3 4.8 4.5 66.9 65.4 68.4 3.0 3.5 19.6 17.9 21.1 3.2 2.5 14.9 13.7 16.0 2.3 1.7
 Brazil 75.9 72.4 79.4 7.0 4.4 65.4 63.4 67.4 4.0 3.7 21.9 20.1 23.5 3.4 2.2 16.4 15.2 17.4 2.2 1.6
 Bahrain 75.8 75.0 77.0 2.0 5.3 65.9 66.0 65.5 −0.5 4.0 19.0 18.7 19.4 0.7 4.0 13.8 13.8 13.9 0.1 2.7
 Paraguay 75.8 73.1 78.8 5.7 1.0 65.8 64.5 67.3 2.8 0.8 21.8 20.2 23.5 3.3 −0.2 16.5 15.4 17.6 2.2 −0.3
 Libya 75.8 74.2 77.3 3.1 1.4 65.2 64.9 65.5 0.6 0.6 21.3 20.5 21.9 1.4 0.3 15.5 15.3 15.8 0.5 −0.1
 Romania 75.6 72.0 79.3 7.3 4.2 66.8 64.3 69.4 5.1 3.5 20.3 17.8 22.4 4.6 2.1 15.7 13.8 17.3 3.5 1.6
 Latvia 75.4 70.6 79.8 9.2 5.2 66.2 62.9 69.3 6.4 4.6 20.5 17.2 23.0 5.8 2.2 15.6 13.2 17.4 4.2 1.7
 Bulgaria 75.1 71.6 78.6 7.0 3.5 66.3 63.9 68.7 4.8 2.8 19.8 17.4 22.0 4.6 2.2 15.2 13.4 16.9 3.5 1.5
 Nicaragua 75.0 72.1 77.9 5.8 1.7 65.5 63.7 67.2 3.5 1.8 20.0 18.0 21.9 3.9 −0.1 15.1 13.7 16.3 2.6 0.0
 El Salvador 75.0 70.6 79.1 8.5 2.5 64.9 61.6 67.8 6.2 2.2 22.1 20.4 23.6 3.2 0.7 16.4 15.1 17.4 2.3 0.3
 North Macedonia 74.8 72.8 76.9 4.1 3.7 66.1 65.1 67.3 2.2 2.9 18.3 17.0 19.6 2.6 1.9 14.0 13.1 14.9 1.8 1.3
 Belarus 74.8 69.7 79.6 9.9 6.0 66.0 62.3 69.4 7.1 5.2 19.7 16.0 22.5 6.5 2.5 15.1 12.3 17.2 4.9 2.0
 Malaysia 74.7 72.6 77.1 4.5 1.9 65.7 64.5 66.9 2.4 1.7 19.5 18.5 20.6 2.1 1.4 14.6 14.0 15.3 1.3 1.1
 Belize 74.4 71.4 77.8 6.4 4.1 65.3 63.5 67.3 3.8 3.0 21.5 20.3 22.9 2.6 2.8 16.7 15.9 17.6 1.7 2.0
 Brunei Darussalam 74.3 73.4 75.4 2.0 2.1 65.6 65.2 66.1 0.9 1.7 19.2 19.0 19.4 0.4 2.4 14.5 14.3 14.7 0.4 1.9
 Saint Lucia 74.3 71.3 77.7 6.4 1.1 64.7 63.0 66.6 3.6 0.7 20.9 19.2 22.9 3.7 0.9 15.8 14.7 17.1 2.4 0.6
 Bangladesh 74.3 73.0 75.6 2.6 8.7 64.3 64.2 64.4 0.2 7.3 20.9 20.3 21.5 1.2 3.1 15.5 15.4 15.7 0.3 2.2
 Saudi Arabia 74.3 73.1 76.1 3.0 3.8 64.0 63.8 64.4 0.6 2.8 19.9 19.3 20.8 1.5 2.4 14.0 13.8 14.4 0.6 1.6
 Kyrgyzstan 74.2 70.7 77.3 6.6 8.2 65.8 63.6 67.7 4.1 7.1 20.0 17.8 21.7 3.9 3.3 15.7 14.2 16.8 2.6 2.6
 Mauritius 74.1 71.0 77.3 6.3 2.9 63.9 62.0 65.9 3.9 2.0 20.3 18.5 22.0 3.5 2.5 14.5 13.3 15.6 2.3 1.6
 Kazakhstan 74.0 70.0 77.6 7.6 10.9 65.0 62.4 67.4 5.0 8.9 19.5 16.8 21.4 4.6 4.2 14.8 13.0 16.2 3.2 3.0
 Cabo Verde 74.0 69.9 77.9 8.0 3.0 64.8 62.2 67.2 5.0 2.8 19.7 16.8 21.8 5.0 −0.7 14.9 13.0 16.3 3.3 −0.5
 Oman 73.9 73.0 75.3 2.3 4.8 64.7 64.5 64.5 0.0 3.8 17.8 17.2 18.5 1.3 2.2 13.2 12.9 13.5 0.6 1.5
 Venezuela 73.9 69.9 78.2 8.3 −0.2 64.4 61.9 67.1 5.2 −0.3 21.7 19.7 23.6 3.9 0.4 16.3 15.0 17.5 2.5 0.3
 Viet Nam 73.7 69.6 78.1 8.5 2.3 65.3 62.4 68.3 5.9 2.0 19.6 16.9 22.0 5.1 0.7 14.8 12.9 16.4 3.5 0.5
 Georgia 73.3 68.8 77.8 9.0 3.9 64.7 61.4 67.9 6.5 2.8 18.8 16.0 21.0 5.0 1.8 14.4 12.4 16.1 3.7 1.0
 Moldova 73.3 69.3 77.1 7.8 6.4 64.5 61.9 67.1 5.2 5.2 19.0 16.6 20.9 4.3 3.2 14.6 12.8 16.0 3.2 2.5
 Seychelles 73.3 70.0 77.1 7.1 1.4 64.0 61.9 66.4 4.5 0.9 19.5 17.5 21.5 4.0 0.5 14.1 12.7 15.4 2.7 0.2
World 73.3 70.8 75.9 5.1 6.5 63.7 62.5 64.9 2.4 5.4 21.1 19.5 22.7 3.2 2.3 15.8 14.8 16.6 1.8 1.7
 Bahamas 73.2 69.9 76.6 6.7 2.3 64.4 62.3 66.5 4.2 1.7 20.8 19.1 22.4 3.3 0.9 16.2 14.9 17.3 2.4 0.6
 Russia 73.2 68.2 78.0 9.8 7.9 64.2 60.7 67.5 6.8 6.9 19.9 16.8 22.2 5.4 3.5 15.0 12.8 16.7 3.9 2.7
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 73.2 71.3 75.3 4.0 2.6 64.0 62.9 65.1 2.2 1.8 20.9 20.2 21.6 1.4 2.4 15.9 15.4 16.4 1.0 1.6
 Bhutan 73.1 72.0 74.4 2.4 7.4 63.4 63.2 63.5 0.3 6.3 19.4 18.9 19.9 1.0 1.5 14.5 14.3 14.7 0.4 1.0
 Uzbekistan 73.0 70.8 75.2 4.4 7.7 64.7 63.5 65.8 2.3 6.6 18.6 17.3 19.8 2.5 2.6 14.5 13.7 15.3 1.6 1.9
 Ukraine 73.0 68.0 77.8 9.8 5.5 64.3 60.6 67.8 7.2 4.6 19.5 16.4 21.7 5.3 2.7 15.0 12.7 16.7 4.0 2.2
 Morocco 73.0 71.7 74.3 2.6 3.7 63.7 63.7 63.7 0.0 3.0 18.7 17.7 19.6 1.9 0.3 14.1 13.7 14.6 0.9 0.0
 Grenada 72.9 70.6 75.3 4.7 0.9 63.9 62.6 65.4 2.8 0.3 18.7 17.2 20.3 3.1 0.8 14.3 13.1 15.6 2.5 0.4
 Dominican Republic 72.8 69.8 76.2 6.4 −0.4 64.0 62.1 66.1 4.0 −0.1 20.6 19.0 22.4 3.4 −1.8 16.0 14.8 17.2 2.4 −1.3
 Syria 72.7 71.2 74.3 3.1 1.2 62.9 62.5 63.3 0.8 0.1 18.7 18.2 19.3 1.1 1.1 13.9 13.8 14.2 0.4 0.5
 North Korea 72.6 69.3 75.7 6.4 8.6 65.0 63.3 66.6 3.3 7.2 19.1 16.8 20.8 4.0 3.6 14.9 13.6 15.8 2.2 2.6
 Tonga 72.6 69.8 75.6 5.8 1.7 64.0 62.7 65.5 2.8 1.1 19.0 17.0 21.2 4.2 1.0 14.5 13.3 15.7 2.4 0.7
 Iraq 72.4 69.9 75.0 5.1 3.6 62.7 61.6 63.7 2.1 3.2 19.2 17.6 20.7 3.1 0.9 14.2 13.3 15.0 1.7 0.7