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List of countries by literacy rate

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World map of countries shaded according to the literacy rate for all people aged 15 and over

This is a list of countries by literacy rate. The figures represented are almost entirely collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS) on behalf of UNESCO with 2015 estimates based on people aged 15 or over who can read and write. Where data is taken from a different source, notes are provided. The data is collated by mostly using surveys within the last ten years which are self-declared by the persons in question.[1] UIS provide estimates based on these for the year 2015 with a Global Age-specific Literacy Projections Model (GALP).[2]

The global literacy rate for all people aged 15 and above is 86.3%. The global literacy rate for all males is 90.0% and the rate for all females is 82.7%. The rate varies throughout the world with developed nations having a rate of 99.2% (2013); Oceania having 71.3%; South and West Asia having 70.2% (2015) and sub-Saharan Africa at 64.0% (2015).[3] Over 75% of the world's 781 million illiterate adults are found in South Asia, West Asia and sub-Saharan Africa and women represent almost two-thirds of all illiterate adults globally.[4]

List of UN member states by age group and gender disparity[edit]

Data published by UNESCO in 2017 (last informed rates and year), using the following definitions:[5]

Youth: Percentage of people aged 15 to 24 years who can both read and write with understanding a short simple statement on their everyday life. Generally, ‘literacy’ also encompasses ‘numeracy’, the ability to make simple arithmetic calculations
Adult: Percentage of the population aged 15 years and over who can both read and write with understanding a short simple statement on his/her everyday life. Generally, ‘literacy’ also encompasses ‘numeracy’, the ability to make simple arithmetic calculations
Elderly: Percentage of the population aged 65 years and over who can both read and write with understanding a short simple statement on their everyday life. Generally, ‘literacy’ also encompasses ‘numeracy’, the ability to make simple arithmetic calculations
Gender Parity Index (GPI): The gender parity index (GPI) of the youth literacy rate is the ratio of the female to male literacy rates of the population aged 15 to 24 years. A GPI value between 0.97 and 1.03 is usually interpreted to indicate gender parity.




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Youth
(15 to 24)
Adult
(15+)
Elderly
(65+)
Youth Gender
Parity Index
Country Rate Year Rate Year Rate Year Rate Year
 Afghanistan 47.0 2011 31.7 2011 20.3 2011 0.5 2011
 Albania 99.2 2012 97.2 2012 86.9 2012 1.0 2012
 Algeria 93.8 2008 75.1 2008 19.5 2008 1.0 2008
 American Samoa 97.7 1980 97.3 1980 92.7 1980 1.0 1980
 Andorra
 Angola 77.4 2014 66.0 2014 27.0 2014 0.8 2014
 Anguilla 99.1 1984 95.4 1984 88.0 1984 1.0 1984
 Antigua and Barbuda 98.9 2015
 Argentina 99.5 2016 99.1 2016 97.9 2016 1.0 2016
 Armenia 99.8 2011 99.7 2011 98.9 2011 1.0 2011
 Aruba 99.1 2010 96.8 2010 88.9 2010 1.0 2010
 Australia
 Austria
 Azerbaijan 99.9 2016 99.8 2016 98.4 2016 1.0 2016
 Bahamas
 Bahrain 97.0 2001 86.5 2001 42.3 2001 1.0 2001
 Bangladesh 93.0 2017 72.8 2016 40.0 2016 1.0 2017
 Barbados 99.9 2014 99.6 2014 98.5 2014 1.0 2014
 Belarus 99.8 2009 99.6 2009 98.6 2009 1.0 2009
 Belgium
 Belize 77.6 1991 70.3 1991 44.8 1991 1.0 1991
 Benin 52.5 2012 32.9 2012 7.0 2012 0.6 2012
 Bermuda
 Bhutan 87.3 2012 57.0 2012 14.9 2012 0.9 2012
 Bolivia 99.4 2015 92.5 2015 67.5 2015 1.0 2015
 Bonaire
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 99.7 2013 97.0 2013 86.0 2013 1.0 2013
 Botswana 97.7 2014 87.7 2014 40.7 2014 1.0 2014
 Brazil 99.0 2015 92.0 2015 74.3 2015 1.0 2015
 British Virgin Islands
 Brunei Darussalam 99.4 2011 96.1 2011 61.6 2011 1.0 2011
 Bulgaria 97.9 2011 98.4 2011 97.5 2011 1.0 2011
 Burkina Faso 50.1 2014 34.6 2014 8.4 2014 0.8 2014
 Burundi 79.6 2014 61.6 2014 24.9 2014 0.9 2014
 Cabo Verde 98.1 2015 86.8 2015 36.8 2015 1.0 2015
 Cambodia 92.2 2015 80.5 2015 53.1 2015 1.0 2015
 Cameroon 80.6 2010 71.3 2010 26.1 2010 0.9 2010
 Canada
 Cayman Islands 98.9 2007 98.9 2007 94.7 2007 1.0 2007
 Central African Republic 36.4 2010 36.8 2010 35.7 2010 0.6 2010
 Chad 30.8 2016 22.3 2016 7.0 2016 0.6 2016
 Chile 99.4 2015 96.9 2015 89.9 2015 1.0 2015
 China 99.6 2010 95.1 2010 73.9 2010 1.0 2010
 Hong Kong
 Macao 99.8 2016 96.5 2016 81.2 2016 1.0 2016
 Colombia 98.7 2016 94.7 2016 81.4 2016 1.0 2016
 Comoros 71.6 2012 49.2 2012 12.8 2012 0.9 2012
 Congo 80.9 2011 79.3 2011 73.1 2011 0.9 2011
 Congo, Dem. Rep. 85.0 2016 77.0 2016 48.0 2016 0.9 2016
 Cook Islands
 Costa Rica 99.1 2011 97.4 2011 90.4 2011 1.0 2011
 Croatia 99.7 2011 99.1 2011 97.1 2011 1.0 2011
 Cuba 99.9 2012 99.8 2012 99.2 2012 1.0 2012
 Curaçao
 Cyprus 99.8 2011 98.7 2011 93.8 2011 1.0 2011
 Czechia
 Côte d'Ivoire 53.0 2014 43.9 2014 18.0 2014 0.8 2014
 Denmark
 Djibouti
 Dominica
 Dominican Republic 98.8 2016 93.8 2016 79.8 2016 1.0 2016
 Ecuador 99.1 2016 94.4 2016 77.7 2016 1.0 2016
 Egypt 93.9 2017 75.1 2013 43.2 2013 1.0 2017
 El Salvador 98.0 2016 88.1 2016 65.7 2016 1.0 2016
 Equatorial Guinea 98.2 2014 95.0 2014 67.2 2014 1.0 2014
 Eritrea 87.0 2008 64.7 2008 20.9 2008 0.9 2008
 Estonia 99.9 2011 99.9 2011 99.7 2011 1.0 2011
 Eswatini 93.5 2010 83.1 2010 45.2 2010 1.0 2010
 Ethiopia 55.0 2007 39.0 2007 13.6 2007 0.7 2007
 Faeroe Islands
 Falkland Islands
 Fiji
 Finland
 France
 French Guiana 91.3 1982 82.9 1982 69.7 1982
 French Polynesia
 Gabon 88.5 2012 82.3 2012 60.6 2012 1.0 2012
 Gambia 60.8 2013 42.0 2013 10.4 2013 0.9 2013
 Georgia 99.7 2014 99.6 2014 99.1 2014 1.0 2014
 Germany
 Ghana 85.7 2010 71.5 2010 34.9 2010 0.9 2010
 Gibraltar
 Greece 98.8 2011 97.4 2011 92.5 2011 1.0 2011
 Greenland
 Grenada 99.2 2014 98.6 2014 96.2 2014 1.0 2014
 Guadeloupe 99.8 2014 96.0 2014 82.9 2014 1.0 2014
 Guam 99.9 1990 99.4 1990 95.9 1990 1.0 1990
 Guatemala 94.4 2014 81.3 2014 50.7 2014 1.0 2014
 Guinea 46.3 2014 32.0 2014 13.1 2014 0.7 2014
 Guinea-Bissau 60.4 2014 45.6 2014 19.5 2014 0.7 2014
 Guyana 96.7 2014 85.6 2014 49.9 2014 1.0 2014
 Haiti 72.3 2006 48.7 2006 8.5 2006 0.9 2006
 Holy See
 Honduras 96.1 2016 89.0 2016 66.3 2016 1.0 2016
 Hungary 98.8 2014 99.1 2014 99.1 2014 1.0 2014
 Iceland
 India 86.1 2011 69.3 2011 41.6 2011 0.9 2011
 Indonesia 99.7 2016 95.4 2016 70.1 2016 1.0 2016
 Iran 98.1 2016 85.5 2016 36.8 2016 1.0 2016
 Iraq 52.3 2013 43.7 2013 20.4 2013 0.9 2013
 Ireland
 Isle of Man
 Israel 98.6 1983 91.8 1983 79.8 1983 1.0 1983
 Italy 99.9 2011 98.8 2011 96.7 2011 1.0 2011
 Jamaica 96.3 2014 88.1 2014 66.6 2014 1.1 2014
 Japan
 Jordan 99.1 2012 97.9 2012 87.7 2012 1.0 2012
 Kazakhstan 99.9 2010 99.8 2010 99.5 2010 1.0 2010
 Kenya 86.5 2014 78.7 2014 54.0 2014 1.0 2014
 Kiribati
 North Korea 100.0 2008 100.0 2008 100.0 2008 1.0 2008
 Korea, Rep.
 Kuwait 99.2 2017 95.7 2015 69.5 2015 1.0 2017
 Kyrgyzstan 99.8 2009 99.2 2009 92.5 2009 1.0 2009
 Laos 92.5 2015 84.7 2015 58.6 2015 1.0 2015
 Latvia 99.8 2011 99.9 2011 99.9 2011 1.0 2011
 Lebanon 99.2 2009 91.2 2009 60.2 2009 1.0 2009
 Lesotho 86.6 2014 76.6 2014 51.4 2014 1.2 2014
 Liberia 49.1 2007 42.9 2007 32.8 2007 0.6 2007
 Libya 99.6 2004 86.1 2004 24.2 2004 1.0 2004
 Liechtenstein
 Lithuania 99.9 2011 99.8 2011 99.8 2011 1.0 2011
 Luxembourg
 Madagascar 76.8 2012 71.6 2012 49.4 2012 1.0 2012
 Malawi 72.9 2015 62.1 2015 35.1 2015 1.0 2015
 Malaysia 98.2 2001 89.5 2001 47.1 2001 1.0 2001
 Maldives 99.3 2014 98.6 2014 92.8 2014 1.0 2014
 Mali 49.4 2015 33.1 2015 13.6 2015 0.6 2015
 Malta 98.9 2011 93.3 2011 85.8 2011 1.0 2011
 Marshall Islands 98.5 2011 98.3 2011 89.4 2011 1.0 2011
 Martinique 99.8 2014 96.9 2014 88.1 2014 1.0 2014
 Mauritania 56.1 2007 45.5 2007 26.6 2007 0.7 2007
 Mauritius 98.1 2011 93.2 2016 64.6 2011 1.0 2011
 Mayotte
 Mexico 99.1 2016 94.9 2016 78.9 2016 1.0 2016
 Micronesia
 Monaco
 Mongolia 98.5 2010 98.3 2010 94.6 2010 1.0 2010
 Montenegro 99.2 2011 98.4 2011 93.9 2011 1.0 2011
 Montserrat
 Morocco 91.2 2012 69.4 2012 32.8 2012 0.9 2012
 Mozambique 70.5 2015 56.0 2015 26.0 2015 0.8 2015
 Myanmar 84.8 2016 75.6 2016 58.2 2016 1.0 2016
 Namibia 94.4 2011 88.3 2011 56.7 2011 1.0 2011
 Nauru
   Nepal 84.8 2011 59.6 2011 20.8 2011 0.9 2011
 Netherlands
 New Caledonia 99.2 2014 97.8 2014 90.6 2014 1.0 2014
 New Zealand
 Nicaragua 87.0 2005 78.0 2005 49.2 2005 1.0 2005
 Niger 39.8 2012 30.6 2012 13.7 2012 0.7 2012
 Nigeria 66.4 2008 51.1 2008 21.6 2008 0.8 2008
 Niue
 Northern Mariana Islands
 Norway
 Oman 98.7 2017 94.9 2016 41.9 2016 1.0 2017
 Pakistan 72.8 2014 57.0 2014 25.3 2014 0.8 2014
 Palau 98.7 2015 96.6 2015 84.7 2015 1.0 2015
 Palestine 99.4 2016 96.9 2016 63.9 2016 1.0 2016
 Panama 97.6 2010 94.1 2010 80.9 2010 1.0 2010
 Papua New Guinea 67.9 2010 61.6 2010 33.0 2010 1.1 2010
 Paraguay 98.5 2016 94.7 2016 77.8 2016 1.0 2016
 Peru 98.9 2016 94.2 2016 77.7 2016 1.0 2016
 Philippines 98.1 2013 96.4 2013 90.1 2013 1.0 2013
 Pitcairn
 Poland 99.8 2008 98.7 2008 93.0 2008 1.0 2008
 Portugal 99.4 2011 94.5 2011 80.5 2011 1.0 2011
 Puerto Rico 98.8 2010 92.0 2010 84.5 2010 1.0 2010
 Qatar 95.9 2004 89.0 2004 41.0 2004 1.0 2004
 Republic of Moldova 99.5 2012 99.1 2012 95.8 2012 1.0 2012
 Romania 99.0 2011 98.6 2011 96.8 2011 1.0 2011
 Russian Federation 99.7 2010 99.7 2010 99.2 2010 1.0 2010
 Rwanda 85.1 2014 70.8 2014 24.3 2014 1.0 2014
 Réunion 95.7 1982 78.6 1982 42.0 1982 1.0 1982
 Saint Helena 96.0 1998
 Saint Kitts and Nevis
 Saint Lucia
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon 99.5 1982 99.3 1982 98.5 1982 1.0 1982
 Saint-Martin
 Samoa 99.2 2011 99.0 2011 96.3 2011 1.0 2011
 San Marino
 Sao Tome and Principe 96.7 2012 90.1 2012 49.6 2012 1.0 2012
 Saudi Arabia 99.2 2013 94.4 2013 51.4 2013 1.0 2013
 Senegal 69.5 2017 42.8 2013 21.5 2013 0.8 2017
 Serbia 99.7 2016 98.8 2016 96.6 2016 1.0 2016
 Seychelles 99.0 2010 94.0 2010 71.5 2010 1.0 2010
 Sierra Leone 57.0 2013 32.4 2013 3.7 2013 0.8 2013
 Singapore 99.9 2016 97.0 2016 84.0 2015 1.0 2016
 Sint Maarten
 Slovakia
 Slovenia 99.8 2014 99.7 2014 99.3 2014 1.0 2014
 Solomon Islands 76.6 1999
 Somalia
 South Africa 99.0 2015 94.4 2015 72.1 2015 1.0 2015
 South Sudan 36.7 2008 26.8 2008 11.0 2008 0.7 2008
 Spain 99.6 2016 98.3 2016 94.7 2016 1.0 2016
 Sri Lanka 98.9 2017 92.4 2016 81.0 2016 1.0 2017
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 98.0 1970 95.6 1970 91.0 1970 1.0 1970
 Sudan 65.8 2008 53.5 2008 24.3 2008 0.9 2008
 Suriname 97.7 2012 92.9 2012 76.0 2012 1.0 2012
 Svalbard and Jan Mayen
 Sweden
  Switzerland
 Syrian Arab Republic 92.5 2004 80.8 2004 39.0 2004 1.0 2004
 Macedonia 98.7 2002 96.1 2002 82.5 2002 1.0 2002
 Tajikistan 99.9 2014 99.8 2014 98.1 2014 1.0 2014
 Tanzania 85.8 2015 77.9 2015 43.5 2015 1.0 2015
 Thailand 98.1 2015 92.9 2015 78.7 2015 1.0 2015
 Timor-Leste 79.5 2010 58.3 2010 11.2 2010 1.0 2010
 Togo 84.3 2015 63.7 2015 20.4 2015 0.9 2015
 Tokelau
 Tonga 99.4 2011 99.4 2011 98.9 2011 1.0 2011
 Trinidad and Tobago 99.3 1990 96.9 1990 82.8 1990 1.0 1990
 Tunisia 96.2 2014 79.0 2014 39.8 2014 1.0 2014
 Turkey 99.6 2016 96.2 2016 88.1 2016 1.0 2016
 Turkmenistan 99.8 2014 99.7 2014 97.6 2014 1.0 2014
 Turks and Caicos Islands
 Tuvalu
 Uganda 83.7 2012 70.2 2012 36.1 2012 1.0 2012
 Ukraine 100.0 2012 100.0 2012 100.0 2012 1.0 2012
 United Arab Emirates 95.0 2005 90.0 2005 42.1 2005 1.0 2005
 United Kingdom
 United States
 Uruguay 98.9 2017 98.6 2016 97.1 2016 1.0 2017
 Uzbekistan 100.0 2016 100.0 2016 99.8 2016 1.0 2016
 Vanuatu 95.3 2014 84.7 2014 44.2 2014 1.0 2014
 Venezuela 98.8 2016 97.1 2016 88.1 2016 1.0 2016
 Viet Nam 97.1 2009 93.5 2009 76.9 2009 1.0 2009
 United States Virgin Islands
 Wallis and Futuna
 Western Sahara
 Yemen 77.0 2004 54.1 2004 13.7 2004 0.7 2004
 Zambia 88.7 2010 83.0 2010 52.3 2010 0.9 2010
 Zimbabwe 90.4 2014 88.7 2014 81.1 2014 1.1 2014

List of UN member states[edit]

Country UNESCO[3] Non-UNESCO
literacy rate
Literacy rate (all) Male literacy Female literacy Gender difference[note 1]
 World 86.3% 90.0% 82.7% 7.3%
 Afghanistan 38.2% 52.0% 24.2% 27.8%
 Albania 97.6% 98.4% 96.8% 1.6%
 Algeria 80.2% 87.2% 73.1% 14.0% 87.7%[6]
 Andorra not reported by UNESCO 2015
 Angola 71.1% 82.0% 60.7% 21.3%
 Antigua and Barbuda not reported by UNESCO 2015 99.0%(2013)[3][note 2]
 Argentina 98.1% 98.0% 98.1% -0.1%
 Armenia 99.8% 99.8% 99.7% 0.1%
 Australia not reported by UNESCO 2015
 Austria not reported by UNESCO 2015
 Azerbaijan 99.8% 99.9% 99.7% 0.2%
 Bahamas not reported by UNESCO 2015
 Bahrain 95.7% 96.9% 93.5% 3.5%
 Bangladesh 72.8%[note 3] 75.6% 69.9% 5.7% 71% (2014)[7]
 Barbados not reported by UNESCO 2015
 Belarus 99.7% 99.8% 99.7% 0.1%
 Belgium not reported by UNESCO 2015
 Belize 82.7% 82.3% 83.0% -0.7%
 Benin 38.4% 49.9% 27.3% 22.6%
 Bhutan 64.9% 73.1% 55.0% 18.1%
 Bolivia 95.7% 97.8% 93.6% 4.2%
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 98.5% 99.5% 97.5% 2.1% 97.2% (2013)[8][note 4]
 Botswana 88.5% 88.0% 88.9% -0.9%
 Brazil 91.7% 91.4% 92.1% -0.7%
 Brunei 96.4% 97.7% 95.1% 2.6%
 Bulgaria 98.4% 98.7% 98.1% 0.7%
 Burkina Faso 36% 43.0% 29.3% 13.7%
 Burundi 85.6% 88.2% 83.1% 5.1%
 Cabo Verde 87.6% 92.1% 83.1% 9.0%
 Cambodia 77.2% 84.5% 70.5% 13.9%
 Cameroon 75% 81.2% 68.9% 12.3%
 Canada not reported by UNESCO 2015
 Central African Republic 36.8% 50.7% 24.4% 26.4%
 Chad 40.2% 48.5% 31.9% 16.6%
 Chile 97.3% 97.4% 97.2% 0.2%
 China 96.4% 98.2% 94.5% 3.7%
 Colombia 94.7% 94.6% 94.8% -0.2%
 Comoros 77.8% 81.8% 73.7% 8.1%
 Congo 79.3% 86.4% 72.9% 13.6%
 Congo, Democratic Republic of the 77.3% 88.9% 66.0% 22.8%
 Costa Rica 97.8% 97.7% 97.8% -0.1%
 Ivory Coast 43.1% 53.1% 32.5% 20.6%
 Croatia 99.3% 99.7% 98.9% 0.7%
 Cuba 99.7% 99.7% 99.8% -0.1%
 Cyprus 99.1% 99.5% 98.7% 0.8%
 Czech Republic not reported by UNESCO 2015
 Denmark not reported by UNESCO 2015
 Djibouti not reported by UNESCO 2015
 Dominica not reported by UNESCO 2015
 Dominican Republic 91.8% 91.2% 92.3% -1.1%
 Ecuador 94.5% 95.4% 93.5% 1.8%
 Egypt 75.2% 83.2% 67.3% 16.0%
 El Salvador 88.4% 90.7% 86.4% 4.3%
 Equatorial Guinea 95.3% 97.4% 93.0% 4.4%
 Eritrea 73.8% 82.4% 65.5% 16.9%
 Estonia 99.8% 99.8% 99.8% 0.0%
 Ethiopia 49.1% 57.2% 41.1% 16.1%
 Fiji not reported by UNESCO 2015
 Finland not reported by UNESCO 2015
 France not reported by UNESCO 2015
 Gabon 83.2% 85.3% 81.0% 4.3%
 Gambia 55.5% 63.9% 47.6% 16.3%
 Georgia 99.8% 99.8% 99.7% 0.1%
 Germany not reported by UNESCO 2015
 Ghana 76.6% 82.0% 71.4% 10.7%
 Greece 97.7% 98.5% 96.9% 1.6%
 Grenada not reported by UNESCO 2015
 Guatemala 79.3% 84.7% 74.4% 10.4%
 Guinea 30.4% 38.1% 22.8% 15.3%
 Guinea-Bissau 59.9% 71.8% 48.3% 23.5%
 Guyana 88.5% 87.2% 89.8% -2.6%
 Haiti 60.7% 64.3% 57.3% 7.0%
 Honduras 88.5% 88.4% 88.6% -0.1%
 Hungary 99.1% 99.1% 99.0% 0.2%
 Iceland not reported by UNESCO 2015
 India 69.3% 78.9% 59.3% 19.6% 74.0% (2011)[9][note 5]
 Indonesia 93.9% 96.3% 91.5% 4.7%
 Iran 86.8% 91.2% 82.5% 8.7%
 Iraq 43.7% 43.0% 38.0% 5.0% 78.5%[10]
 Ireland not reported by UNESCO 2015
 Israel not reported by UNESCO 2015 97.8% (2011)[4][note 6]
 Italy 99.2% 99.4% 99.0% 0.4%
 Jamaica 88.7% 84.0% 93.1% -9.1%
 Japan not reported by UNESCO 2015
 Jordan 97.9% (in 2012) 98.4% 97.4% 1.0%
 Kazakhstan 99.8% 99.8% 99.8% 0.0%
 Kenya 78% 81.1% 74.9% 6.2%
 Kiribati not reported by UNESCO 2015
 Korea, Democratic People's Republic of 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 0.0%
 Korea, Republic of not reported by UNESCO 2015
 Kuwait 96.2% 96.9% 95.0% 1.9%
 Kyrgyzstan 99.5% 99.6% 99.4% 0.2%
 Laos 79.9% 87.1% 72.8% 14.3%
 Latvia 99.9% 99.9% 99.9% 0.0%
 Lebanon 93.9% 96.0% 91.8% 4.1%
 Lesotho 79.4% 70.1% 88.3% -18.2%
 Liberia 47.6% 62.4% 32.8% 29.6%
 Libya 91% 96.7% 85.6% 11.1%
 Liechtenstein not reported by UNESCO 2015
 Lithuania 99.8% 99.8% 99.8% 0.0%
 Luxembourg not reported by UNESCO 2015
 Macedonia 97.8% 98.8% 96.8% 2.0%
 Madagascar 64.7% 66.7% 62.6% 4.1%
 Malawi 65.8% 73.0% 58.6% 14.4%
 Malaysia 94.6% 96.2% 93.2% 3.0%
 Maldives 99.3% 99.8% 98.8% 0.9%
 Mali 38.7% 48.2% 29.2% 19.0%
 Malta 94.1% 92.5% 95.7% -3.2%
 Marshall Islands not reported by UNESCO 2015
 Mauritania 52.1% 62.6% 41.6% 21.0%
 Mauritius 90.6% 92.9% 88.5% 4.4%
 Mexico 94.4% 95.6% 93.3% 2.2%
 Micronesia not reported by UNESCO 2015
 Moldova 99.4% 99.7% 99.1% 0.7%
 Monaco not reported by UNESCO 2015
 Mongolia 98.4% 98.2% 98.6% -0.4%
 Montenegro 98.7% 99.5% 98.0% 1.4%
 Morocco 72.4% 82.7% 62.5% 20.2%
 Mozambique 58.8% 73.3% 45.4% 27.9%
 Myanmar 75.6%[note 7] 80.0% 71.9% 8.1%
 Namibia 81.9% 79.2% 84.5% -5.3%
 Nauru not reported by UNESCO 2015
   Nepal 64.7% 75.6% 55.1% 20.5%
 Netherlands not reported by UNESCO 2015
 New Zealand not reported by UNESCO 2015
 Nicaragua 82.8% 82.4% 83.2% -0.9%
 Niger 19.1% 27.3% 11.0% 16.3%
 Nigeria 59.6% 69.2% 49.7% 19.5% 71.6% (2010)[12][note 8]
 Norway not reported by UNESCO 2015
 Oman 94.8% 96.9% 90.0% 6.9%
 Pakistan 56.4% 69.6% 42.7% 26.9%
 Palau 99.5% 99.5% 99.6% -0.1%
 Panama 95% 95.7% 94.4% 1.2%
 Papua New Guinea 64.2% 65.6% 62.8% 2.8%
 Paraguay 95.6% 96.1% 95.0% 1.1%
 Peru 94.5% 97.3% 91.7% 5.6%
 Philippines 96.3% 95.8% 96.8% -1.0%
 Poland 99.8% 99.9% 99.7% 0.2%
 Portugal 95.4% 96.9% 94.1% 2.8%
 Qatar 97.8% 97.9% 97.3% 0.6%
 Romania 98.8% 99.1% 98.5% 0.6%
 Russia 99.7% 99.7% 99.7% 0.0%
 Rwanda 70.5% 73.2% 68.0% 5.2%
 Saint Kitts and Nevis not reported by UNESCO 2015
 Saint Lucia not reported by UNESCO 2015
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines not reported by UNESCO 2015
 Samoa 99% 98.9% 99.1% -0.2%
 San Marino not reported by UNESCO 2015
 São Tomé and Príncipe 74.9% 81.8% 68.4% 13.4%
 Saudi Arabia 94.7% 97.0% 91.1% 5.9%
 Senegal 55.7% 68.5% 43.8% 24.6%
 Serbia 98.1% 99.1% 97.2% 1.9%
 Seychelles 95.2% 94.7% 95.7% -1.0%
 Sierra Leone 48.1% 58.7% 37.7% 21.1%
 Singapore 96.8% 98.7% 95.1% 3.6%
 Slovakia 99.6% 99.6% 99.6% 0.0%
 Slovenia 99.7% 99.7% 99.7% 0.0%
 Solomon Islands not reported by UNESCO 2015 84.1% (2015)[4][note 9]
 Somalia not reported by UNESCO 2015
 South Africa 94.3% 95.5% 93.1% 2.4%
 South Sudan 26.8% 34.8% 19.2% 15.6%
 Spain 98.1% 98.7% 97.5% 1.3%
 Sri Lanka 92.6% 93.6% 91.7% 1.9%
 Sudan 53.5% 59.80% 46.7% 13.1%
 Suriname 95.6% 96.1% 95.0% 1.1%
 Swaziland 87.5% 87.4% 87.5% -0.1%
 Sweden not reported by UNESCO 2015
  Switzerland not reported by UNESCO 2015
 Syria 86.4% 91.7% 81.0% 10.7%
 Tajikistan 99.8% 99.8% 99.7% 0.1%
 Tanzania, United Republic of 80.3% 84.8% 75.9% 9.0%
 Thailand 96.7% 96.6% 96.7% -0.1%
 Timor-Leste 67.5% 71.5% 63.4% 8.1%
 Togo 66.5% 78.3% 55.3% 23.0%
 Tonga 99.4% 99.3% 99.4% -0.1%
 Trinidad and Tobago 99% 99.2% 98.7% 0.5%
 Tunisia 81.8% 89.6% 74.2% 15.4%
 Turkey 95% 98.4% 91.8% 6.6%
 Turkmenistan 99.7% 99.8% 99.6% 0.1%
 Tuvalu not reported by UNESCO 2015
 Uganda 73.9% 80.8% 66.9% 14.0%
 Ukraine 99.8% 99.8% 99.7% 0.1%
 United Arab Emirates 93.8% 93.1% 95.8% -2.6%
 United Kingdom not reported by UNESCO 2015
 United States of America not reported by UNESCO 2015
 Uruguay 98.4% 98.1% 98.7% -0.6%
 Uzbekistan 99.6% 99.7% 99.5% 0.3%
 Vanuatu 85.2% 86.6% 83.8% 2.8%
 Venezuela 95.4% 95.0% 95.7% -0.7%
 Vietnam 94.5% 96.3% 92.8% 3.4%
 Yemen 70.1% 85.1% 55.0% 30.1%
 Zambia 63.4% 70.9% 56.0% 14.9%
 Zimbabwe 86.5% 88.5% 84.6% 4.0%

List of other states and territories[edit]

Territory Literacy rate (all) Male literacy Female literacy Gender difference Year Notes
 Aruba 97.5% 97.5% 97.5% 0.0% 2015[3] A constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
 Cayman Islands 98.9% 98.7% 99.0% -0.3% 2007[3] An overseas territory of the United Kingdom.
 Guadeloupe 96.5% 96.4% 96.6% -0.2% 2015[3] Overseas region/department of France.
 Guam 99.8% 99.8% 99.8% 0.0% 2015[3] An unincorporated and organized territory of the United States.
 Kosovo 91.9% 96.6% 87.5% 9.1% 2003[4] Member of two UN specialized agencies (World Bank Group and International Monetary Fund). It is claimed by Serbia.
 Macau 96.2% 98.0% 94.6% 3.4% 2015[3] A special administrative region of China.
 Martinique 97.0% 97.6% 96.4% 1.2% 2015[3] Overseas region/department of France.
 New Caledonia 96.9% 97.3% 96.5% 0.8% 2015[3] Overseas region/department of France.
 Palestine 96.7% 98.5% 94.8% 3.7% 2015[3] UN Observer State[13]
 Puerto Rico 93.3% 92.8% 93.8% -1.0% 2015[3] Unincorporated territory of the United States.
 Réunion 93.9% 93.2% 94.5% -1.3% 2015[3] Overseas region/department of France.
 Taiwan 98.70% 99.73% 97.69% 2.05% 2017[14] Member of one UN specialized agency (World Health Organization) as Chinese Taipei

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Gender difference is calculated as the male literacy rate minus the female literacy rate. Negative values shows countries with higher female rates than male.
  2. ^ The breakdown by gender is 98.4% male, 99.4% female (difference of -1.0%)
  3. ^ Adult rate: 72.76%. By gender: M=75.62%,F=69.90%. All figures 2016.[7]
  4. ^ Gender breakdown is 99.2% male and 95.2 for females. "Data on literacy were collected for persons aged 10 or more years who did not receive any kind of formal education or with incomplete primary education. A person capable of reading with understanding and writing a statement on his/her daily routine shall be considered to be a literate person."
  5. ^ The breakdown by gender is 82.1% male, 65.5% female (difference of 16.6%)
  6. ^ The breakdown by gender is 98.7% male, 95.8% female (difference of 2.9%)
  7. ^ Adult rate: 75.55%. By gender: M=80.01%,F=71.85%. All figures 2016.[11]
  8. ^ The breakdown by gender is 79.3% male, 63.7% female (difference is 15.6%)
  9. ^ The breakdown by gender is 88.9% male, 79.2% female (difference is 9.7%)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Literacy Statistics Metadata Information Table". UNESCO Institute for Statistics. September 2015. Retrieved 19 November 2015.
  2. ^ Lutz, Wolfgang & Scherbov, Sergei (July 2006). Global Age-specific Literacy Projections Model (GALP): Rationale, Methodology and Software (PDF). Adult Education and Literacy Statistics Programme. UNESCO Institute for Statistics.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Adult literacy rate, population 15+ years (both sexes, female, male)". UIS Data Centre. UNESCO. August 2015. Retrieved 19 November 2015.
  4. ^ a b c d "Country Comparison to the World of Literacy Rate". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 1 November 2015.
  5. ^ "UIS Tellmaps". tellmaps.com. Retrieved 2018-11-02.
  6. ^ ""Le taux d'analphabétisme a baissé à 12% en Algérie"". La Tribune. 24 January 2017. Archived from the original on 22 October 2017. Retrieved 2 July 2017.
  7. ^ a b Bangladesh - Literacy rate (2017). Bangladesh rises the literacy rate. Expansion Publication.
  8. ^ "BiH Census 2013" (PDF). BHAS. 2016. p. 138.
  9. ^ "State of Literacy" (PDF). Census India. 2011. Retrieved 24 December 2016.
  10. ^ https://www.unicef.org/infobycountry/iraq_statistics.html
  11. ^ Cite error: The named reference myanma-2016 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  12. ^ "National Literacy Survey". National Bureau of Statistics. June 2010. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
  13. ^ "Non-member States". United Nations. Archived from the original on 9 May 2009. Retrieved 12 November 2015.
  14. ^ "Republic of China's population over the age of 15 education statistics" (in Chinese). Ministry of the Interior. 25 February 2017. Archived from the original on 2017-04-24. Retrieved 23 April 2017.

External links[edit]