List of countries by military expenditures

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Countries by military expenditures (% of their GDP) in 2014, based on data from the World Bank
Countries by military expenditures (absolute) in 2014, based on data from the World Bank

This article is a list of countries by military expenditure in a given year. Military expenditure figures are presented in United States dollars based on either constant or current exchange rates.[1] These results can vary greatly from one year to another based on fluctuations in the exchange rates of each country's currency. Such fluctuations may change a country's ranking from one year to the next.

The first list is based on the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) 2018 fact sheet, which includes a list on the world's top 15 military spenders in 2017, based on current market exchange rates.[1] The second list is based on the 2019 edition of "The Military Balance" published by the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) using average market exchange rates.[2]

List[edit]

List by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute
2018 Fact Sheet (for 2017)[1]
SIPRI Military Expenditure Database[3]
List by the International Institute for Strategic Studies
Top 15 Defence Budgets 2018
[4]
Rank Country Spending
($ Bn.)
% of GDP
World total 1,739 2.2
01 United States United States 610.0 3.1
02 China People's Republic of China[a] 228.0 1.9
03 Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia[a][b] 69.4 10.0
04 Russia Russia 66.3 4.3
05 India India 63.9 2.5
06 France France 57.8 2.3
07 United Kingdom United Kingdom 47.2 1.8
08 Japan Japan 45.4 0.9
09 Germany Germany 44.3 1.2
10 South Korea South Korea 39.2 2.6
11 Brazil Brazil 29.3 1.4
12 Italy Italy 29.2 1.5
13 Australia Australia 27.5 2.0
14 Canada Canada 20.6 1.3
15 Turkey Turkey 18.2 2.2
Rank Country Spending
($ Bn.)
01 United States United States 712.0
02 China People's Republic of China 168.2
03 Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia 82.9
04 Russia Russia 63.1
05 India India 57.9
06 United Kingdom United Kingdom 56.1
07 France France 53.4
08 Japan Japan 47.3
09 Germany Germany 45.7
10 South Korea South Korea 39.2
11 Brazil Brazil 28.0
12 Australia Australia 26.6
13 Italy Italy 24.9
14 Israel Israel 21.6
15 Iraq Iraq 19.6


Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b SIPRI estimate.
  2. ^ The figures for Saudi Arabia include expenditure for public order and safety and might be slightly overestimated.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Tian, Nan; Fleurant, Aude; Kuimova, Alexandra; Wezeman, Pieter D.; Wezeman, Siemon T. (May 2018). "Trends in World Military Expenditure, 2017" (PDF). Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. Retrieved 4 November 2018.
  2. ^ International Institute for Strategic Studies (15 February 2019). The Military Balance 2019. London: Routledge. ISBN 1857437667.
  3. ^ "Data for all countries from 1988–2017 in constant (2016) USD (pdf)" (PDF). SIPRI. Retrieved 2 May 2018.
  4. ^ "IISS Military Balance 2019".

External links[edit]