List of countries by military expenditures

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Map of military spending as a percentage of GDP for countries according to SIPRI, 2022[1]
Global military spending in 2021

This is a list of countries by military expenditure in a given year. Military expenditure figures are presented in United States dollars based on either constant or current exchange rates.[1]

Military expenditure, total[edit]

Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) 2022 fact sheet

The first list is based on the SIPRI fact sheet which includes a list of the world's top 15 military spenders in 2022, based on current market exchange rates.[1]

The second list is based on the 2022 edition of "The Military Balance" published by the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) using average market exchange rates.[2]

Russian and Chinese military spending are actually far higher than the chart due to captive markets and Purchasing Price Parity in those countries.[3][4]

List by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute
2022 Fact Sheet (for 2021)[1]
SIPRI Military Expenditure Database[5]
List by the International Institute for Strategic Studies
Top 15 Defence Budgets 2021
[6]
Rank Country Spending
(US$ bn)
% of GDP % of global spending
World total 2,113 2.2 100%
01 United States United States 801.0 3.5 38%
02 China China[a] 293.0 1.7 14%
03 India India 76.6 2.7 3.6%
04 United Kingdom United Kingdom 68.4 2.2 3.2%
05 Russia Russia 65.9 4.1 3.1%
06 France France 56.6 1.9 2.7%
07 Germany Germany 56.0 1.3 2.7%
08 Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia[a][b] 55.6 6.6 2.6%
09 Japan Japan 54.1 1.1 2.6%
10 South Korea South Korea 50.2 2.8 2.4%
11 Italy Italy 32.0 1.5 1.5%
12 Australia Australia 31.8 2.0 1.5%
13 Canada Canada 26.4 1.3 1.3%
14 Iran Iran 24.6 2.3 1.2%
15 Israel Israel 24.3 5.2 1.2%
16 Spain Spain 19.5 1.4 0.9%
17 Brazil Brazil 19.2 1.2 0.9%
18 Turkey Turkey 15.5 2.1 0.7%
19 Netherlands Netherlands 13.8 1.4 0.7%
20 Poland Poland 13.7 2.1 0.6%
2022 edition of "The Military Balance" from the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS)
Rank Country Spending
(US$ bn)
01 United States United States 738.0
02 China China 193.3
03 India India 64.1
04 United Kingdom United Kingdom 61.5
05 Russia Russia 60.6
06 France France 56.8
07 Germany Germany 51.3
08 Japan Japan 49.7
09 Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia 48.5
10 South Korea South Korea 40.4
11 Australia Australia 31.3
12 Italy Italy 29.3
13 Brazil Brazil 22.1
14 Canada Canada 20.0
15 Israel Israel 19.9
Military Spending by Country by World Population Review 2022[7] (GDP from Worldometers by World Bank 2017)[8]
Country Military
Spending
(US$ bn)
Population Military
spending
per capita (US $)
GDP
(US$ bn)
% of GDP
 Afghanistan 12.00 40,754,388 294.45 19.54 61.40
 Albania 0.25 2,866,374 87.22 13.04 1.92
 Algeria 13.00 45,350,148 286.66 167.56 7.76
 Angola 7.00 35,027,343 199.84 122.12 5.73
 Argentina 4.20 46,010,234 91.28 637.43 0.66
 Armenia 1.39 2,971,966 467.70 11.54 12.05
 Australia 26.30 26,068,792 1008.87 1323.42 1.99
 Austria 3.38 9,066,710 372.79 416.84 0.81
 Azerbaijan 2.81 10,300,205 272.81 40.75 6.90
 Bahrain 1.42 1,783,983 795.97 35.43 4.01
 Bangladesh 3.80 167,885,689 22.63 249.72 1.52
 Belgium 4.92 11,668,278 421.66 494.76 0.99
 Bhutan 0.03 787,941 31.88 2.53 0.99
 Bolivia 0.66 11,992,656 55.03 37.51 1.76
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.17 3,249,317 50.78 18.05 0.91
 Botswana 0.45 2,441,162 184.34 17.41 2.59
 Brazil 27.80 215,353,593 129.09 2053.59 1.35
 Bulgaria 1.08 6,844,597 157.79 58.22 1.86
 Burkina Faso 0.13 22,102,838 5.88 12.32 1.05
 Cambodia 0.60 17,168,639 35.18 22.16 2.73
 Cameroon 0.35 27,911,548 12.43 34.92 0.99
 Canada 22.50 38,388,419 586.11 1647.12 1.37
 Central African Republic 0.02 5,016,678 3.99 1.95 1.03
 Chad 0.20 17,413,580 11.49 9.87 2.03
 Chile 4.25 19,250,195 220.78 277.08 1.53
 China 237.00 1,448,471,400 163.62 12237.70 1.94
 Colombia 10.60 51,512,762 205.77 314.46 3.37
 Croatia 0.80 4,059,286 197.08 55.21 1.45
 Cuba 0.50 11,305,652 44.23 96.85 0.52
 Czech Republic 2.97 10,736,784 276.62 215.91 1.38
 Denmark 4.76 5,834,950 815.77 329.87 1.44
 Dominican Republic 0.76 11,056,370 68.74 75.93 1.00
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 0.10 95,240,792 1.05 37.64 0.27
 Ecuador 2.50 18,113,361 138.02 104.30 2.40
 Egypt 11.20 106,156,692 105.50 235.37 4.76
 El Salvador 0.17 6,550,389 25.49 24.81 0.67
 Estonia 0.69 1,321,910 518.19 26.61 2.57
 Ethiopia 0.35 120,812,698 2.90 80.56 0.43
 Finland 3.57 5,554,960 642.67 252.30 1.41
 France 41.50 65,584,518 632.77 2582.50 1.61
 Gabon 0.08 2,331,533 35.60 15.01 0.55
 Georgia (country) 0.33 3,968,738 82.39 15.08 2.17
 Germany 50.00 83,883,596 596.06 3693.20 1.35
 Ghana 0.71 32,395,450 21.92 59.00 1.20
 Greece 4.84 10,316,637 469.15 203.09 2.38
 Guatemala 0.24 18,584,039 12.91 75.62 0.32
 Honduras 0.21 10,221,247 20.06 22.98 0.89
 Hungary 2.08 9,606,259 216.53 139.76 1.49
 India 61.00 1,406,631,776 43.37 2650.73 2.30
 Indonesia 7.60 279,134,505 27.23 1015.42 0.75
 Iran 19.60 86,022,837 227.85 454.01 4.32
 Iraq 1.73 42,164,965 41.03 192.06 0.90
 Ireland 0.87 5,020,199 173.30 331.43 0.26
 Israel 20.00 8,922,892 2241.43 353.27 5.66
 Italy 27.80 60,262,770 461.31 1943.84 1.43
 Ivory Coast 0.55 27,742,298 19.83 37.35 1.47
 Japan 49.00 125,584,838 390.17 4872.42 1.01
 Jordan 2.60 10,300,869 252.41 40.07 6.49
 Kazakhstan 4.00 19,205,043 208.28 162.89 2.46
 Kenya 0.12 56,215,221 2.15 79.26 0.15
 Kuwait 6.83 4,380,326 1559.24 120.13 5.69
 Kyrgyzstan 0.02 6,728,271 2.97 7.56 0.26
 Laos 0.02 7,481,023 2.47 16.85 0.11
 Latvia 0.72 1,848,837 391.60 30.46 2.38
 Lebanon 2.50 6,684,849 373.98 53.58 4.67
 Liberia 0.01 5,305,117 2.45 3.29 0.40
 Libya 3.00 7,040,745 426.09 38.11 7.87
 Lithuania 1.11 2,661,708 417.03 47.54 2.33
 Madagascar 0.12 29,178,077 3.94 11.50 1.00
 Malaysia 4.00 33,181,072 120.55 314.71 1.27
 Mali 0.07 21,473,764 3.26 15.33 0.46
 Mauritania 0.05 4,901,981 10.25 5.02 1.00
 Mexico 7.00 131,562,772 53.21 1150.89 0.61
 Moldova 0.03 4,013,171 7.48 8.13 0.37
 Mongolia 0.16 3,378,078 45.88 11.43 1.36
 Montenegro 0.07 627,950 103.51 4.84 1.34
 Morocco 10.00 37,772,756 264.74 109.71 9.12
 Mozambique 0.25 33,089,461 7.40 12.65 1.94
 Myanmar 2.65 55,227,143 47.98 67.07 3.95
 Namibia 0.51 2,633,874 191.73 13.25 3.81
   Nepal 0.21 30,225,582 7.05 24.88 0.86
 Netherlands 12.42 17,211,447 721.61 830.57 1.50
 New Zealand 4.30 4,898,203 877.87 204.14 2.11
 Nicaragua 0.14 6,779,100 20.65 13.81 1.01
 Nigeria 2.15 216,746,934 9.92 375.75 0.57
 North Korea 1.60 25,990,679 61.56
 North Macedonia 0.11 2,081,304 51.96 11.28 0.96
 Norway 7.18 5,511,370 1302.76 399.49 1.80
 Oman 8.69 5,323,993 1632.23 70.78 12.28
 Pakistan 11.40 229,488,994 49.68 304.95 3.74
 Panama 0.50 4,446,964 112.44 62.28 0.80
 Paraguay 0.25 7,305,843 34.22 39.67 0.63
 Peru 2.56 33,684,208 76.00 211.39 1.21
 Philippines 3.47 112,508,994 30.84 313.60 1.11
 Poland 12.00 37,739,785 317.97 526.47 2.28
 Portugal 3.36 10,140,570 331.34 219.31 1.53
 Qatar 6.00 2,979,915 2013.48 166.93 3.59
 Republic of the Congo 0.72 5,797,805 123.32 8.70 8.22
 Romania 5.05 19,031,335 265.35 211.88 2.38
 Russia 48.00 145,805,947 329.20 1578.42 3.04
 Saudi Arabia 67.60 35,844,909 1885.90 686.74 9.84
 Serbia 0.91 8,653,016 104.82 41.43 2.19
 Sierra Leone 0.08 8,306,436 9.09 3.78 2.00
 Singapore 11.20 5,943,546 1884.40 323.91 3.46
 Slovakia 2.12 5,460,193 388.26 95.62 2.22
 Slovenia 0.58 2,078,034 279.59 48.77 1.19
 Somalia 0.06 16,841,795 3.69
 South Africa 4.30 60,756,135 70.45 348.87 1.23
 South Korea 44.00 51,329,899 857.20 1530.75 2.87
 South Sudan 0.08 11,618,511 6.89
 Spain 15.10 46,719,142 323.21 1314.31 1.15
 Sri Lanka 2.50 21,575,842 115.87 87.36 2.86
 Sudan 2.47 45,992,020 53.70 117.49 2.10
 Suriname 0.06 596,831 105.56 3.00 2.10
 Sweden 6.33 10,218,971 619.44 535.61 1.18
  Switzerland 5.00 8,773,637 569.89 678.97 0.74
 Syria 1.80 19,364,809 92.95
 Taiwan 10.72 23,888,595 448.75
 Tajikistan 1.60 9,957,464 160.68 7.15 22.39
 Tanzania 0.22 63,298,550 3.52 53.32 0.42
 Thailand 7.10 70,078,203 101.32 455.30 1.56
 Tunisia 0.55 12,046,656 45.66 39.95 1.38
 Turkey 19.00 85,561,976 222.06 851.55 2.23
 Turkmenistan 0.20 6,201,943 32.25 37.93 0.53
 Uganda 0.94 48,432,863 19.31 26.00 3.60
 Ukraine 5.40 43,192,122 125.02 112.15 4.81
 United Arab Emirates 22.75 10,081,785 2256.54 382.58 5.95
 United Kingdom 55.10 68,497,907 804.40 2637.87 2.09
 United States 750.00 334,805,269 2240.11 19485.39 3.85
 Uruguay 4.95 3,496,016 1415.90 56.16 8.81
 Uzbekistan 0.98 34,382,084 28.36 49.68 1.96
 Venezuela 0.75 29,266,991 25.46
 Vietnam 5.50 98,953,541 55.58 223.78 2.46
 Yemen 1.40 31,154,867 44.94 31.27 4.48
 Zambia 0.04 19,470,234 2.05 25.87 0.15
 Zimbabwe 0.10 15,331,428 6.52 22.04 0.45

Military expenditure, share of GDP[edit]

This first list is a list of countries by military expenditure share of GDP—more specifically, a list of the top 15 countries by percentage share in recent years—the amount spent by a nation on its military as a share of its GDP.

The second list presents this as a share of the general government expenditure. The first list is sourced from the SIPRI for the year 2019 and from Military Balance 2017 published by International Institute for Strategic Studies for the year 2016. The second list is sourced only from the SIPRI for the year 2019.

As a share of GDP[edit]

List by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute
SIPRI Military Expenditure Database
[9] (2019)
List by the International Institute for Strategic Studies
Top 15 Defence Budgets 2020
[6]
Rank Country % of GDP
1  Oman 8.8%
2  Saudi Arabia 8.5%
3  Algeria 6.0%
4  Kuwait 5.6%
5  Israel 5.3%
6  Armenia 4.9%
7  Jordan 4.7%
8  Lebanon 4.2%
9  Azerbaijan 4.0%
10  Pakistan 4.0%
11  Russia 3.9%
12  Bahrain 3.7%
13  Iraq 3.5%*
14  USA 3.4%
15  South Sudan 3.4%
RankCountry% of GDP
01 Oman12.0
02 Islamic Republic of Afghanistan 10.6
03 Lebanon 10.5
04 Kuwait 7.1
05 Saudi Arabia7.1
06 Algeria 6.7
07 Iraq 5.8
08 UAE 5.6
09 Azerbaijan 5.4
10 Morocco 5.3
10 Israel 5.2
12 Jordan 4.9
13 Armenia4.8
13 Mali 4.5
15 Qatar 4.4
* Bold values with an asterisk above are highly uncertain SIPRI estimates.

Italic values are SIPRI estimates.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b SIPRI estimate.
  2. ^ The figures for Saudi Arabia include expenditure for public order and safety and might be slightly overestimated.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Tian, Nan; Fleurant, Aude; Kuimova, Alexandra; Wezeman, Pieter D.; Wezeman, Siemon T. (24 April 2022). "Trends in World Military Expenditure, 2021" (PDF). Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. Archived from the original on 25 April 2022. Retrieved 25 April 2022.
  2. ^ International Institute for Strategic Studies (25 February 2021). The Military Balance 2021. London: Routledge. ISBN 978-1032012278.
  3. ^ "Why Russian Military Expenditure Is Much Higher Than Commonly Understood (As Is China's)". War on the Rocks. 16 December 2019. Archived from the original on 12 December 2021. Retrieved 12 December 2021.
  4. ^ "Russian defense spending is much larger, and more sustainable than it seems". Defensenews. 3 May 2019. Archived from the original on 11 March 2022. Retrieved 12 December 2021.
  5. ^ "Data for all countries from 1988–2020 in constant (2019) USD (pdf)" (PDF). SIPRI. Archived (PDF) from the original on 28 April 2021. Retrieved 28 April 2021.
  6. ^ a b "IISS Military Balance 2021". The Military Balance. International Institute for Strategic Studies. 121 (1): 23–29. January 2021. doi:10.1080/04597222.2021.1868791. S2CID 232050862. Archived from the original on 7 October 2021. Retrieved 25 February 2021.
  7. ^ "Military Spending by Country 2022". worldpopulationreview.com. Retrieved 15 March 2022.
  8. ^ "GDP by Country - Worldometer". www.worldometers.info. Retrieved 15 March 2022.
  9. ^ Excel file here Archived 12 December 2020 at the Wayback Machine | Derived from SIPRI's own webpage Archived 2 May 2019 at the Wayback Machine.

External links[edit]