List of minimum driving ages

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The minimum driving age is the minimum age at which a person may obtain a driver's licence to lawfully drive a motor vehicle on public roads. That age is determined by and for each jurisdiction and is most commonly set at 18 years of age, but learner drivers may be permitted on the road at an earlier age under supervision. Before reaching the minimum age for a driver's licence or anytime afterwards, the person wanting the licence would normally be tested for driving ability and knowledge of road rules before being issued with a licence, provided he or she is above the minimum driving age. Countries with the lowest driving ages (17 and below) are The Bahamas, Canada, Israel, Malaysia, New Zealand, the United Kingdom (mainland), United States and Zimbabwe. In some jurisdictions in the United States and Canada, drivers can be as young as 14 (with parental supervision).

Most jurisdictions recognize driver's licences issued by another jurisdiction, which may result in a young person who obtains a licence in a jurisdiction with a low minimum driving age being permitted to drive in a jurisdiction which normally has a higher driving age. A notable exception to this is the United States, where many states ban drivers below their minimum driving age, even if they hold permits or licences issued by another state.

The minimum age may vary depending on vehicle type. This list refers to the minimum driving age for a light motor vehicle (typically under 3500 kg gross vehicle mass) or motorcycle, where noted.

Africa[edit]

State Minimum driving age Notes
 Algeria 18
 Cameroon 16[citation needed]
 Egypt 18[1]
 Eswatini 18[2]
 Ethiopia 18[3]
 Ghana 18[4]
 Kenya 18[5]
 Lesotho 18[2]
 Libya 18[6]
 Mali 18[citation needed]
 Mauritania 18[citation needed]
 Mauritius 15 (autocycles), 17 (motorcycles), 18 (cars)[7]
 Mayotte 18[citation needed]
 Morocco 17(Motorcycles)

18(Cars)

21(Trucks) [8][4][9]

 Mozambique 18[citation needed]
 Namibia 18[10]
 Niger 23[11]
 Nigeria 18[citation needed]
 Réunion (France) 18[citation needed]
 Senegal 18[citation needed]
 South Africa 17 The National Road Traffic act specifies that a driver needs to be 17 to legally obtain a license for all motor vehicles under 3500 kg. 17 years old may allow one to obtain a learners license, to drive while supervised by an already licensed driver who has had their license for more than a year. Yet to obtain an actual drivers license, the age is 18 years old.[12]
 Tanzania 18[13]
 Tunisia 18[14]
 Zambia 16[15]
 Zimbabwe 16[16]

Americas[edit]

North America[edit]

State Minimum driving age Notes
 Canada 16 with graduated license program (GLP) in most provinces
14 with GLP in Alberta[17]
15 with GLP in Yukon, NWT, and Nunavut[18][19][20]
 Mexico 15 (with parental supervision), 16 (with parental agreement), 18[21]
 United States 14–16 (for permit)
16–17 (for restricted license)
17–18 (for unrestricted license)
varies between states

Central America[edit]

State Minimum driving age Notes
 Costa Rica 18[22]
 El Salvador 15[citation needed] Driving age for cars is 15 with supervision. Unrestricted licence available at 18.[23]
 Guatemala 16 (with parental approval), 18[citation needed]
 Honduras 18[24]
 Nicaragua 18[25]
 Panama 16 (with parental approval), 18[26][27]

South America[edit]

State Minimum driving age Notes
 Argentina 17 (with parental approval) 18(without) 21 is the minimum age to drive a truck, bus or emergency vehicle. 16 is the minimum age to drive a moped (without passengers). Parental approval is necessary for any license issued to any individual aged under 18.[28]
 Bolivia 18[29]
 Brazil 18[30] Drivers have to be previously licensed in cat. 'B' for at least one year before applying for a professional license. 'C' category are usually for load trucks, 'D' for buses and trucks and 'E' for articulated vehicles.
 Chile 17 (with parental approval), 18,[31] 20 (professional license)[32]
 Colombia 16[33] 18 (professional license)[34]
 Ecuador 18[35]
 Falkland Islands 17[36]
 French Guiana 18[citation needed]
 Guyana 17[37]
 Paraguay 18[citation needed]
 Peru 18[38]
 Suriname 18[citation needed]
 Uruguay 18[39]
 Venezuela 18[40]

Caribbean[edit]

State Minimum driving age Notes
 Anguilla 18[41]
 Bahamas 16[42]
 Cuba 18[43]
 Cayman Islands 17[citation needed]
 Dominican Republic 16[citation needed]
 Guadeloupe 18[citation needed]
 Jamaica 18[citation needed]
 Martinique 18[citation needed]
 Netherlands Antilles 18[44]
 Puerto Rico (American territory) 16 (with learner's permit), 18[45]
 Saint Barthélemy 18[citation needed]
 Saint Martin 18[citation needed]
 Trinidad and Tobago 17[citation needed]
 St. Kitts and Nevis 17 (for permit),[46] 18 (for license)[47]
 US Virgin Islands (American territory) 16 (with learner's permit), 18[48]

Asia[edit]

Western Asia[edit]

State Minimum driving age Notes
 Bahrain 18[49]
 Iran 18[50]
 Iraq 16 for motorcycles
18 for cars[citation needed]
 Israel 16 years for motorcycles
16 years 6 months with driving teacher
16 years 9 months for cars with 3 months parental supervision all times and 3 more months at night[51]
 Jordan 18[52]
 Kuwait 18 for Kuwaitis and 21 for non-Kuwaitis[53]
 Lebanon 18[citation needed]
 Oman 18[54]
 Palestine 18[55]
 Qatar 18 for light motor vehicles [56]
21 for heavy vehicles[57]
 Saudi Arabia 18 for cars

17 for temporary Permits

 Syria 18[58]
 United Arab Emirates 17 for motorcycles

18 for cars[59]

 Yemen 18[60]

South Asia[edit]

State Minimum driving age Notes
 Afghanistan 18[61]
 Bangladesh 18[62]
 India 18

Applications for a provisional driving license can be made from the age of 16. It has been canceled since 2 wheelers under 50cc are no more in production. After turning 18 a person can get a license at the regional transport office of their district.

   Nepal 18[citation needed]
 Pakistan 18[63]
 Sri Lanka 17[64]

East Asia[edit]

State Minimum driving age Notes
 China 18[65]
 Hong Kong 18[66] Special Administrative Region of China
 Japan 16 (motorcycles under 400 cc)
18 (ordinary/semi-medium vehicle and motorcycles over 401 cc)[67]
 Macau 18[68] Special Administrative Region of China
 South Korea 18 for regular passenger cars and motorbikes over 125 cc
16 for motorbikes under 125 cc
19 for commercial license
 Taiwan 18[69]

Southeast Asia[edit]

State Minimum driving age Notes
 Brunei 18[70]
 Myanmar 18[citation needed]
 Cambodia 18[71]
 Indonesia 17[72][73]
 Laos 18[74]
 Malaysia 17 (cars), 16 (motorcycles)[75]
 Philippines 17 (student permit); 18 (non-professional & professional driver's license)[76]
 Singapore 18[77]
 Thailand 18 (cars and motorcycles); 15 (motorcycles with 110 cc or smaller engines)[78][79] Other restrictions apply to large or specialised vehicles.
 Vietnam 16 (motocycles under 50cc), 18[80]

Europe[edit]

Minimum driving age in Europe:
  Minimum driving age is 18
  Minimum driving age is 18; Supervised driving at 17
  Minimum driving age is 18; Supervised driving at 16

  Minimum driving age is 17
  Minimum driving age is 17; Supervised driving at 16

  Minimum driving age is 16

European driving licence area[edit]

State Minimum driving age Notes
 Austria 18 for cars
15 for mopeds[81]
(Start with 15,5 under L17 attendant driving training
 Belgium 18
16 for mopeds[82]
 Bulgaria 18[83] 16 for mopeds[81]
 Croatia 18[84]
 Cyprus 18
 Czech Republic 18
15 for mopeds[85]
 Denmark 24 for heavy bus

21 for heavy truck

17 for cars[86]
15 for mopeds, quads and snowmobiles*

The minimum age for driving a car without supervision is 18.

The minimum driving age for heavy truck and heavy bus can go down to 18, if the license is obtained during military service

* It's only possible to obtain a license for snowmobiles on Greenland.

 Estonia 16 (14 for mopeds)[87] Driving age for cars is 16 with supervision.[87] Unrestricted licence available at 18.
 Finland 18 for cars
15 (mopeds, micro cars, tractors)[88]
 France 18 (15 with supervision)[89] Driving age for cars is 15[89] with supervision. Unrestricted licence available at 18[90]
 Germany 17[citation needed] Driving age for cars is 17 with supervision.
Unrestricted licence available at 18. Licenses for mopeds < 25 km/h are available at 15, for scooters < 45 km/h and motorcycles under 126ccm at 16.[91]
 Gibraltar 17[92]
 Greece 17[93] Driving age for cars is 17 with supervision.

Unrestricted license is available at 18.

 Hungary 17
16 for motorcycles under 125ccm
14 for vehicles under 50ccm[citation needed]
Driving age for cars is 17 with supervision.
Unrestricted license is available at 18.
 Iceland 16[94][95] Driving age for cars is 16 with supervision.
Unrestricted licence available at 17.
 Ireland 17[96][97][98] 16 for work vehicles, tractors etc. and motorbikes <125cc
 Italy 17[99] Driving 17 with supervision of a person under 60 years in possession of full B licence (or superior).
Unrestricted licence available at 18.
 Latvia 16 for cars
14 for mopeds
16 if supervised by a person holding a B category licence for at least three years[100][101]
 Liechtenstein 18[citation needed]
 Lithuania 18 for cars

15 for mopeds

 Luxembourg 16 for motorcycles
18 for cars[citation needed]
Driving age for low power motorcycles and tractors 16.
Driving licence for cars available at 18.
 Malta 18[102]
 Netherlands 17 for cars
16 for mopeds and tractors[103]
Driving age for cars is 17 with supervision.
Driving lessons available at 16½.
Unrestricted licence available at 18.
 Norway 18 for cars
16 for mopeds and light motorcycles
 Poland 18
16 for motorcycles up to 125 cc
14 for mopeds and quads
 Portugal 18 for cars[104]

16 for motorcycles[105]

 Romania 18
16 for motorcycles up to 125 cc[106]
 Slovakia 17[citation needed] Driving age for cars is 17 with supervision.
Unrestricted licence available at 18.
 Slovenia 16 for cars and motorcycles[citation needed] Driving age for cars is 16 with supervision.
Unrestricted licence available at 18.
 Spain 15 for mopeds and quads
16 for motorcycles up to 125 cc
18 for general licence[107]
 Sweden 18 for cars[108]
15/16 for mopeds and tractors
Driving age for cars is 16 with supervision.
Unrestricted licence available at 18.[108]
  Switzerland Driving age for cars is 17 with supervision.
14 for mopeds and tractors[109]
 United Kingdom 17 (cars)

16 (mopeds and tractors)(cars if disabled and in receipt of PIP or DLA)

16 (Light Quadricycle)[110]

Rest of Europe[edit]

State Minimum driving age Notes
 Albania 18[citation needed]
 Andorra 18[111]
 Armenia 18[112]
 Azerbaijan 18[113]
 Belarus 18[114] 16 – mopeds (AM), <125 cc/11 kW motorcycles (A1);
17 – <80 kW wheeled tractors and self-propelled machines (A) and all kinds of continuous tracked tractors, SPMs and bulldozers (C);
18 – all kinds of motorcycles (A), cars with light trailers and up to 8 passengers buses (B), trucks with light trailers (C), all kinds of wheeled tractors (B), SPMs (D), special vehicles (E) and <1m3 excavators (F);
21 – buses for more than 8 passengers(D), cars, trucks and buses with heavy trailers (BE, CE, DE), trams (F) and trolleybuses (I).[115]
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 18[116]
 Georgia 17[117]
 Guernsey 17[118]
 Isle of Man 16[119]
 Jersey 17[120]
 Kosovo 14[121]
 Moldova 18[122]
 Monaco 18[123]
 Montenegro 18[124]
 Northern Cyprus 18
 North Macedonia 18 (16 with parental supervision)[125]
 Russia 18 (16 for motorcycles)[126]
 San Marino 18[127]
 Serbia 18 (17 with adult supervision)[128]
 Turkey 18 (cars)
16 (mopeds and light-motorcycles)[129]
 Ukraine 18[130][131]

Oceania[edit]

State Minimum driving age Notes
 American Samoa (American territory) 16[132]
 Australia 18 (VIC)
17 (ACT, NSW, SA, WA)
16½ years (NT)
16 (QLD)[133]
The minimum age to obtain a car or motorcycle learner license which allows driving under supervision is 15 years and 9 months, in the ACT.[134] All other states and territories require learner drivers to be 16 years of age or older. Driving unsupervised by progressing to a provisional license is possible after 12 months, with minimum supervised hours (including nighttime driving) required in the form of a logbook.[135][136][137][138][139][140][134] The exception to this is the Northern Territory, where learner drivers can progress to a provisional license after 6 months, without the need for a driving test or logbook.[141]
 Fiji 17[142][143]
 Guam (American territory) 16[144]
 Marshall Islands 18[145]
 New Zealand 16 The minimum age to obtain a car or motorcycle learner licence which allows driving under supervision is 16. The minimum possible age to obtain a full licence, without any supervision or conditions, is 17½ years if a driver completes an advanced driving course.[146] Without an advanced driving course, the minimum age is 18, the same as a heavy vehicle licence.[147]
 Northern Mariana Islands (American territory) 15 years 6 months[148]
 Papua New Guinea 18[citation needed]
 Tonga 18[149]

See also[edit]

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