List of countries and dependencies and their capitals in native languages

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The following chart lists countries and dependencies along with their capital cities, in English as well as any additional official language(s).

A[edit]

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Afghanistan Afghanistan Kabul Afghanestan
افغانستان
Kabul
كابل
Pashto/Dari
(Arabic script)
Albania Albania Tirana Shqipëria Tirana Albanian
Algeria Algeria Algiers Dzayer
ⴷⵣⴰⵢⴻⵔ
Al-Jazā'ir
الجزائر
Dzayer
ⴷⵣⴰⵢⴻⵔ
Al-Jazā'ir
الجزائر
Berber language
(Tifinagh script)
Arabic
(Arabic script)
American Samoa American Samoa[1] Pago Pago Amerika Sāmoa
American Samoa
Pago Pago
Pago Pago
Samoan
English
Andorra Andorra Andorra la Vella Andorra Andorra la Vella Catalan
Angola Angola Luanda Angola Luanda Portuguese
Anguilla Anguilla[2] The Valley Anguilla The Valley English
Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda Saint John's Antigua and Barbuda St. John's English
Argentina Argentina Buenos Aires Argentina Buenos Aires Spanish
Armenia Armenia Yerevan Hayastán
Հայաստան
Yerevan
Երեվան
Armenian
(Armenian alphabet)
Aruba Aruba[3] Oranjestad Aruba
Aruba
Oranjestad
Oranjestad
Dutch
Papiamento
Australia Australia Canberra Australia Canberra English/ Aboriginal native languages
Austria Austria Vienna Österreich Wien German
Azerbaijan Azerbaijan Baku Azərbaycan Bakı Azerbaijani

B[edit]

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
The Bahamas The Bahamas Nassau The Bahamas Nassau English
Bahrain Bahrain Manama Al-Baḥrayn
البحرين
Al-Manāmah
المنامة
Arabic
(Arabic script)
Bangladesh Bangladesh Dhaka Bangladesh
বাংলাদেশ
Dhaka
ঢাকা
Bengali
(Bengali script)
Barbados Barbados Bridgetown Barbados Bridgetown English
Belarus Belarus Minsk Bielaruś
Беларусь
Belarus
Беларусь
Minsk
Мінск
Minsk
Минск
Belarusian
(Cyrillic script)
Russian
(Cyrillic script)
Belgium Belgium Brussels België
Belgique
Belgien
Brussel
Bruxelles
Brüssel
Dutch
French
German
Belize Belize Belmopan English
Benin Benin Porto-Novo Bénin Porto-Novo French
Bermuda Bermuda[2] Hamilton English
Bhutan Bhutan Thimphu Druk Yul
འབྲུག་ཡུལ
Thimphu
ཐིམ་ཕུ
Dzongkha
(Tibetan alphabet)
Bolivia Bolivia La Paz Bolivia
Buliwya
Wuliwya
Volívia
La Paz
Chuqiyapu
Chuqiyapu
La Paz
Spanish
Quechua
Aymara
Guaraní
Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo Bosna i Hercegovina
Босна и Херцеговина
Sarajevo
Сарајево
Bosnian, Serbian, Croatian
(Cyrillic script)
Botswana Botswana Gaborone English
Brazil Brazil Brasília Brasil Brasília Portuguese
British Virgin Islands British Virgin Islands[2] Road Town English
Brunei Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan Brunei
بروني
Bandar Seri Begawan or Bandar
باندر سري بڬاون
Malay
(Jawi script)
Bulgaria Bulgaria Sofia Bulgariya or Bălgarija
България
Sofiya or Sofija[4]
София
Bulgarian
(Cyrillic script)
Burkina Faso Burkina Faso Ouagadougou French
Burundi Burundi Bujumbura Kirundi, French

C[edit]

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Cambodia Cambodia Phnom Penh Kampuchea
កម្ពុជា
Phnom Penh
ភ្នំពេញ
Khmer
(Khmer script)
Cameroon Cameroon Yaoundé Cameroun
Cameroon
Yaoundé
Yaoundé
French
English
Canada Canada Ottawa Canada Ottawa English
French
Indigenous
Cape Verde Cape Verde Praia Cabo Verde Praia Portuguese
Cayman Islands Cayman Islands[2] George Town English
Central African Republic Central African Republic Bangui République Centrafricaine
Ködörösêse tî Bêafrîka
Bangui
Bangî
French
Sango
Chad Chad N'Djamena Tchad
Tšād
تشاد
Ndjamena
Nijāmīnā
نجامينا
French
Arabic
(Arabic script)
Chile Chile Santiago Chile Santiago Spanish
China China (People's Republic of) Beijing Zhōngguó (Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó)
中国 (中华人民共和国)
Běijīng
北京
Mandarin Chinese
(Chinese characters)
Christmas Island Christmas Island[5] Flying Fish Cove English
Cocos (Keeling) Islands Cocos Islands[5] West Island English
Colombia Colombia Bogotá Colombia Bogotá Spanish
Comoros Comoros Moroni Komori
Juzur al-Qamar
جزر القمر
Comores
Moroni
Moroni
موروني
Moroni
Shikomor
Arabic
(Arabic script)
French
Republic of the Congo Congo Brazzaville République du Congo Brazzaville French
Democratic Republic of the Congo Congo DR Kinshasa République démocratique du Congo Kinshasa French
Cook Islands Cook Islands[6] Avarua English
Costa Rica Costa Rica San José Costa Rica San José Spanish
Ivory Coast Côte d'Ivoire

(formerly Ivory Coast)

Yamoussoukro French
Croatia Croatia Zagreb Hrvatska Zagreb Croatian
Cuba Cuba Havana Cuba La Habana Spanish
Curaçao Curaçao[3] Willemstad Curaçao
Kòrsou
Curaçao
Willemstad
Willemstad
Willemstad
Dutch
Papiamento
English
Cyprus Cyprus Nicosia Kypros
Κύπρος
Kıbrıs
Lefkosia
Λευκωσία
Lefkoşa
Greek
(Greek alphabet)
Turkish
Czech Republic Czech Republic Prague Česká republika
Česko
Praha Czech

D[edit]

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Denmark Denmark Copenhagen Danmark København Danish
Djibouti Djibouti Djibouti Jībūtī
جيبوتي
Djibouti
Jībūtī
جيبوتي
Djibouti
Arabic
(Arabic script)
French
Dominica Dominica Roseau English
Dominican Republic Dominican Republic Santo Domingo República Dominicana Santo Domingo Spanish

E[edit]

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
East Timor East Timor Díli Timor Lorosa'e
Timor-Leste
Díli
Díli
Tetum
Portuguese
Ecuador Ecuador Quito Ecuador Quito Spanish
Egypt Egypt Cairo Misr or Masr
مصر
Al-Qāhirah
القاهرة
Arabic
(Arabic script)
El Salvador El Salvador San Salvador El Salvador San Salvador Spanish
Equatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinea Malabo Guinea Ecuatorial Malabo Spanish
Eritrea Eritrea Asmara Iritriya
إرتريا
Ertra
ኤርትራ
Asmaraa
أسمرا
Asmära
አሥመራ
Arabic
(Arabic script)
Tigrinya
(Ge'ez script)
Estonia Estonia Tallinn Eesti Tallinn Estonian
Ethiopia Ethiopia Addis Ababa Ityop'ia
ኢትዮጵያ
Addis Abäba
አዲስ አበ
Amharic
(Ge'ez script)

F[edit]

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Falkland Islands Falkland Islands[2] Stanley Falkland Islands English
Faroe Islands Faroe Islands[7] Tórshavn Føroyar
Færøerne
Tórshavn
Thorshavn
Faroese
Danish
Fiji Fiji Suva Fiji
Viti
फ़िजी
Suva English
Fijian
Fiji Hindi
Finland Finland Helsinki Suomi
Finland
Helsinki
Helsingfors
Finnish
Swedish
France France Paris France Paris French
French Guiana French Guiana[8] Cayenne Guyane Cayenne French
French Polynesia French Polynesia[9] Papeete Polynésie française Papeete French

G[edit]

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Gabon Gabon Libreville République gabonaise Libreville French
The Gambia The Gambia Banjul The Gambia Banjul English
Georgia (country) Georgia Tbilisi Sak'art'velo
საქართველო
Tbilisi
თბილისი
Georgian
(Georgian alphabet)
Germany Germany Berlin Deutschland Berlin German
Ghana Ghana Accra English
Akan
Fante
Twi
Ga
Dagbani
Ewe
Gibraltar Gibraltar[2] Gibraltar English
Greece Greece Athens Hellas
Ελλάς or Ellada
Ελλάδα
Athinai
Αθήναι or Athina
Αθήνα
Greek
(Greek alphabet)
Greenland Greenland[7] Nuuk Kalaallit Nunaat
Grønland
Nuuk
Godthåb
Greenlandic
Danish
Grenada Grenada St. George's English
Guadeloupe Guadeloupe[8] Basse-Terre French
Guam Guam[1] Hagåtña
formerly Agaña
Guåhån Hagåtña English
Chamorro
Guatemala Guatemala Guatemala City Guatemala La Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción Spanish
Guernsey Guernsey[10] Saint Peter Port English
Guinea Guinea Conakry Guinée
Gine
Gine
Conakry
Kɔnakiri
Konakiri
French
Maninka, Susu
Pular
Guinea-Bissau Guinea-Bissau Bissau Guiné-Bissau Bissau Portuguese
Guyana Guyana Georgetown English

H[edit]

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Haiti Haiti Port-au-Prince Haïti
Ayiti
Port-au-Prince
Pòtoprens
French
Haitian Creole
Honduras Honduras Tegucigalpa Honduras Tegucigalpa Spanish
Hong Kong Hong Kong Hong Kong Hong Kong
Heung Gong
香港
Hong Kong
Heung Gong
香港
English
Cantonese
(Traditional Chinese characters)
Hungary Hungary Budapest Magyarország Budapest Hungarian

I[edit]

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Iceland Iceland Reykjavík Ísland Reykjavík Icelandic
India India New Delhi Bharôt
ভাৰত
Bharôt
ভারত
India
Bhārat
ભારત
Bhārat
भारत
Bhārata
ಭಾರತ
Bhārat
भारत
Bhāratam
ഭാരതം
Bhārat
भारत
Bhārat
भारत
Bharôtô
ଭାରତ
Bhārat
ਭਾਰਤ
Bhāratam
भारतम्
Bārata
பாரதம்
Bhāratadēsam
భారత దేశం
Nôtun Dilli
নতুন দিল্লী
Nôtun Dilli
নতুন দিল্লী
New Delhi
Navī Dilhī
નવી દિલ્હી
Naī Dillī
नई दिल्ली
Nava Dehali
ನವ ದೆಹಲಿ
Navī Dillī
नवी दिल्ली
Nyūḍalhi
ന്യൂഡല്ഹി
Navī Dillī
नवी दिल्ली
Naya Dilli
नयाँ दिल्ली
Nūadillī
ନୂଆଦିଲ୍ଲୀ
Navīñ Dillī
ਨਵੀਂ ਦਿੱਲੀ
Nav Dilli
नव दिल्ली
Pududilli
புது தில்லி
Krothha ḍhillī
క్రొత్త ఢిల్లీ
Assamese
(Assamese script)
Bengali
(Bengali script)
English
Gujarati
(Gujarāti script)
Hindi
(Devanagari script)
Kannada
(Kannada script)
Konkani
(Devanagari script)
Malayalam
(Malayalam script)
Marathi
(Devanagari script)
Nepalese
(Devanagari script)
Oriya
(Oriya script)
Punjabi
(Gurmukhi script)
Sanskrit
(Devanagari script)
Tamil
(Tamil script)
Telugu
(Telugu script)
Indonesia Indonesia Jakarta Indonesia Jakarta Bahasa Indonesia
Iran Iran Tehran Īrān
ایران
Tehrān
تهران
Persian
(Persian script)
Iraq Iraq Baghdad Al-'Iraq
العراق
Îraq
Baghdad
بغداد
Bexda
Arabic
(Arabic script)
Kurdish
Republic of Ireland Ireland Dublin Éire
Ireland
Baile Átha Cliath
Dublin
Irish
English
Isle of Man Isle of Man[10] Douglas Isle of Man
Ellan Vannin
Douglas
Doolish
English
Manx
Israel Israel Jerusalem Yisra'el
ישראל
Israʼiyl
إسرائيل
Yerushalayim
ירושלים
Al-Quds
القُدس
Hebrew
(Hebrew script)
Arabic
(Arabic script)
Italy Italy Rome Italia Roma Italian

J[edit]

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Jamaica Jamaica Kingston English
Japan Japan Tokyo Nihon
Nippon
日本
Tōkyō
東京
Japanese
(Japanese characters)
Jersey Jersey[10] St. Helier Jersey
Jersey
Jèrri
St. Helier
Saint Hélier
Saint Hélyi
English
French
Jèrriais
Jordan Jordan Amman Al-’Urdun
الأردن
‘Ammān
عمان
Arabic
(Arabic script)

K[edit]

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan Astana Qazaqstan
Қазақстан
قازاقستان
Kazakhstán
Казахстан
Astana
Астана
استانا قالاسى
Astana
Астана
Kazakh
(Cyrillic script)
(Arabic script)
Russian
(Cyrillic script)
Kenya Kenya Nairobi English, Swahili
Kiribati Kiribati Tarawa[11] English, Gilbertese
North Korea North Korea P'yŏngyang Chosŏn as called in NK
조선 / 朝鮮
Bukchosŏn
북조선
P'yŏngyang
평양 / 平壌
Korean
(Hangul/Hanja)
South Korea South Korea Seoul Hanguk as called in SK
한국 / 韓國
Namhan
남한
Seoul
서울
Korean
(Hangul/Hanja)
Kosovo Kosovo[12] Prishtinë Kosova, Косово Prishtinë, Приштина (Priština) Albanian, Serbian
(Latin, Cyrillic)
Kuwait Kuwait Kuwait City Dawlat ul-Kuwayt
دولة الكويت
il-ikwet
الكويت
Madiinat ul-Kuwayt
مدينة الكويت
id-diira
الديرة
Arabic (Official)
(Arabic script)
Kuwaiti Gulf Arabic (native)
(Arabic script)
Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan Bishkek Kyrgyzstan
Кыргызстан
Kirgizija
Киргизия
Bishkek
Бишкек
Bishkek
Бишкек
Kyrgyz
(Cyrillic script)
Russian
(Cyrillic script)

L[edit]

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Laos Laos Vientiane Lao
ປະເທດລາວ
Vientiane or Vieng Chan
ວຽງຈັນ
Lao
Lao alphabet
Latvia Latvia Riga Latvija Rīga Latvian
Lebanon Lebanon Beirut Lubnān
لبنان
Bayrūt
بيروت
Arabic
(Arabic script)

Phoenician
(Phoenician script)

Lesotho Lesotho Maseru Sesotho, English
Liberia Liberia Monrovia English
Libya Libya Tripoli Libya
ⵍⵉⴱⵢⴰ
Lībiyā
ليبيا
Ṭrables
ⵟⵔⴰⴱⵍⴻⵙ
Tarabulus
طرابلس
Berber language
(Tifinagh script)
Arabic
(Arabic script)
Liechtenstein Liechtenstein Vaduz Liechtenstein Vaduz German
Lithuania Lithuania Vilnius Lietuva Vilnius Lithuanian
Luxembourg Luxembourg Luxembourg Lëtzebuerg
Luxemburg
Luxembourg
Lëtzebuerg
Luxemburg
Luxembourg
Luxembourgish
German
French

M[edit]

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Republic of Macedonia Macedonia Skopje Makedonija
Македонија
Skopje
Скопје
Macedonian
(Cyrillic script)
Madagascar Madagascar Antananarivo Madagasikara
Madagascar
Antananarivo
Antananarivo/Tananarive
Malagasy
French
Malawi Malawi Lilongwe English, Chichewa
Malaysia Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Malaysia
Mǎláixīyà
马来西亚
Malēṣiyā
மலேசியா
Kuala Lumpur

Jílóngpō 吉隆坡

Kōlā lampūr கோலாலம்பூர்

Malay
Mandarin Chinese
(Simplified Chinese characters)
Tamil
(Tamil script)
Maldives Maldives Malé Dhivehi Raajje
ދިވެހިރާއްޖެ
Malé
މާލެ
Dhivehi
(Thaana script)
Mali Mali Bamako Mali
Mali
Bamako
Bamakɔ
French
Bambara
Malta Malta Valletta Malta Valletta or Il-Belt Valletta Maltese, English
Marshall Islands Marshall Islands Majuro Aorōkin M̧ajeļ Mājro English, Marshallese
Martinique Martinique[8] Fort-de-France French
Mauritania Mauritania Nouakchott Muritan / Agawec
ⵎⵓⵔⵉⵜⴰⵏ / ⴰⴳⴰⵡⵛ
Mūrītānyā
موريتانيا
Nwakcuṭ / anu ukcuḍ
ⵏⵡⴰⴽⵛⵓⵟ / ⴰⵏⵓ ⵓⴽⵛⵓⴹ
nwakšūṭ
نواكشوط / أنو ؤكشوض
Berber language
(Tifinagh script)
Arabic
(Arabic script)
Mauritius Mauritius Port Louis Mauritius
Maurice
Moris
Port Louis
Port-Louis
Porlwi
English
French
Mauritian Creole
Mayotte Mayotte[8] Mamoudzou Mayotte Mamoudzou French
Mexico Mexico Mexico City México
Mēxihco
Ciudad de México
Āltepētl Mēxihco
Spanish
Nahuatl
Federated States of Micronesia Federated States of Micronesia Palikir English
Moldova Moldova Chișinău Moldova Chișinău Romanian
Monaco Monaco Monaco French
Mongolia Mongolia Ulaanbaatar Mongol Uls
Монгол Улс
ᠮᠤᠩᠭᠤᠯ
ᠤᠯᠤᠰ
Ulaanbaatar
Улаанбаатар
ᠤᠯᠠᠭᠠᠨᠪᠠᠭᠠᠲᠤᠷ
Mongolian
(Cyrillic script)
(Mongol script)
Montenegro Montenegro Podgorica Crna Gora
Црна Гора
Podgorica
Подгорица
Montenegrin
Montserrat Montserrat[2] Brades Estate[13] English
Morocco Morocco Rabat Amerruk / Elmeɣrib
ⴰⵎⵔⵔⵓⴽ / ⵍⵎⵖⵔⵉⴱ
Al-maɣréb
المغرب
Errbaṭ
ⵔⵔⴱⴰⵟ
Ar-ribaaṭ
الرباط
Berber language
(Tifinagh script)
Arabic
(Arabic script)
Mozambique Mozambique Maputo Moçambique Maputo Portuguese
Myanmar Myanmar Naypyidaw Myanma
မြန်မာ
Nay Pyi Taw
နေပြည်တော်
Burmese
(Burmese alphabet)

N[edit]

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Namibia Namibia Windhoek Namibia Windhoek
Windhuk
Windhoek
/Ae-//Gams
Otjomuise
English
German
Afrikaans
Damara/Nama
Herero
Nauru Nauru Yaren (de facto)[14] Nauru
Naoero
/ English
Nauruan
Nepal Nepal Kathmandu Nepāl
नेपाल
Kāṭhamāṇḍauṃ
काठमाण्डौं
Kāntipura
कान्तिपुर
Yen Dey
येँ देय्‌
Nepalese
Devanagari
Netherlands Netherlands Amsterdam Nederland
Nederlân
Amsterdam
Amsterdam
Dutch
Frisian
New Caledonia New Caledonia[15] Nouméa Nouvelle-Calédonie Nouméa French
New Zealand New Zealand[16] Wellington New Zealand
Aotearoa
Wellington
Poneke/Te Whanganui-a-Tara
English
Māori
Nicaragua Nicaragua Managua Nicaragua Managua Spanish
Niger Niger Niamey French
Nigeria Nigeria Abuja English, Hausa, Igbo, Yoruba, Pidgin English, Ibibio, Efik
Niue Niue[6] Alofi Niuē
Niue
Alofi
Alofi
Niuean
English
Norfolk Island Norfolk Island[5] Kingston English
Northern Mariana Islands Northern Mariana Islands[1] Saipan English
Norway Norway Oslo Norge
Noreg
Oslo
Oslo
Norwegian Bokmål
Norwegian Nynorsk

O[edit]

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Oman Oman Muscat ‘Umān
عُمان
Masqaṭ
مسقط
Arabic
(Arabic script)

P[edit]

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Pakistan Pakistan Islamabad Pākistān
پاکستان
Islāmabād
اسلام‌اباد
English
Urdu
(Arabic script [Nastaʿlīq hand])
Palau Palau Ngerulmud Belau Ngerulmud English, Palauan
Panama Panama Panama City Panamá Panamá Spanish
Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea Port Moresby Papua New Guinea
Papua Niugini
Papua Niugini
Port Moresby
Pot Mosbi
Pot Mosbi
English
Tok Pisin
Hiri Motu
Paraguay Paraguay Asunción Paraguay
Paraguái
Asunción
Paraguay
Spanish
Guaraní
Peru Peru Lima Perú
Piruw
Lima
Lima
Spanish
Quechua/Aymara
Philippines Philippines Manila Pilipinas

Philippines

Maynila

Manila

Filipino
English
Pitcairn Islands Pitcairn Islands[2] Adamstown English
Poland Poland Warsaw Polska Warszawa Polish
Portugal Portugal Lisbon Portugal Lisboa Portuguese
Puerto Rico Puerto Rico[1] San Juan Puerto Rico San Juan Spanish

Q[edit]

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Qatar Qatar Doha Qaṭar
قطر
Ad-Dawḥah
الدوحة
Arabic
(Arabic script)

R[edit]

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Réunion Réunion[8] Saint-Denis Réunion Saint-Denis French
Romania Romania Bucharest România București Romanian
Russia Russia Moscow Rossiya or Rossiâ
Россия1
Moskva
Москва
Russian
(Cyrillic script)
Rwanda Rwanda Kigali French, Kinyarwanda, English

S[edit]

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic[12] El Aaiún
Saint Barthélemy Saint Barthélemy[9] Gustavia Saint-Barthélemy Gustavia French
Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha[2] Jamestown English
Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Kitts and Nevis Basseterre English
Collectivity of Saint Martin Saint Martin[9] Marigot Saint-Martin Marigot French
Saint Lucia Saint Lucia Castries English
Saint Pierre and Miquelon Saint Pierre and Miquelon[9] Saint-Pierre Saint-Pierre et Miquelon Saint-Pierre French
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Kingstown English
Samoa Samoa Apia English
Samoan
San Marino San Marino San Marino Italian
São Tomé and Príncipe São Tomé and Príncipe São Tomé São Tomé e Príncipe São Tomé Portuguese
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia Riyadh Al-Mamlaka Al-‘Arabiyyah as Sa‘ūdiyyah
المملكة العربية السعودية
Ar-Riyāḍ
الرياض
Arabic
(Arabic script)
Senegal Senegal Dakar Sénégal Dakar French
Serbia Serbia Belgrade Srbija
Србија
Beograd
Београд
Serbian
(Cyrillic script)
Seychelles Seychelles Victoria Sesel
Seychelles
Seychelles
Victoria or Port Victoria Seychellois Creole
French
English
Sierra Leone Sierra Leone Freetown English
Singapore Singapore Singapore Singapura
Singapore
Xīnjiāpō
新加坡
Singapur
சிங்கப்பூர்
Malay
English
Mandarin Chinese
(Simplified Chinese characters)
Tamil
(Tamil script)
Sint Maarten Sint Maarten[3] Philipsburg Sint Maarten
Sint Maarten
Philipsburg
Philipsburg
Dutch
English
Slovakia Slovakia Bratislava Slovensko Bratislava Slovak
Slovenia Slovenia Ljubljana Slovenija Ljubljana Slovene
Solomon Islands Solomon Islands Honiara Solomon Islands
Solomon Aelan
Honiara
Honiala
English
Neo-Solomonic
Somalia Somalia Mogadishu Soomaaliya
aş-Şūmāl
الصومال
Muqdisho
Maqadīshū
مقديشو
Somali
Arabic
(Arabic script)
South Africa South Africa Pretoria (administrative capital), Cape Town (legislative capital), Bloemfontein, (judicial capital) South Africa
Suid-Afrika
iNingizimu Afrika
uMzantsi Afrika
Afrika-Borwa
Afrika Borwa
Aforika Borwa
Afurika Tshipembe
Afrika Dzonga
iNingizimu Afrika
iSewula Afrika
Pretoria, Cape Town
Pretoria, Kaapstad
iPitoli, iKapa
iPitoli, iKapa
Pretoria
Pretoria
Pretoria
Pretoria
Pitori
iPitoli
iPitori
English
Afrikaans
isiZulu
isiXhosa
Pedi
Sotho
Tswana
Venda
Tsonga
Swazi
Ndebele
South Sudan South Sudan Juba English
Spain Spain Madrid España
Espanya
Espainia
Espanha
Madrid
Madrid
Madril
Madrid
Spanish/Galician
Catalan
Basque
Aranese/Galician (R)
Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Colombo Sri Lankā
ශ්‍රී ලංකාව
இலங்கை
Colombo
ශ්‍රී ජයවර්ධනපුර කෝට්ටේ
ஶ்ரீ ஜெயவர்த்தனபுரம் கோட்டை
Sinhala
Tamil
Sudan Sudan Khartoum As-Sudan
السودان
Al-Khartûm
الخرطوم
Arabic
(Arabic script)
Suriname Suriname Paramaribo Dutch
Svalbard Svalbard[17] Longyearbyen Svalbard Longyearbyen Norwegian
Swaziland Swaziland Mbabane English
Sweden Sweden Stockholm Sverige Stockholm Swedish
Switzerland Switzerland Bern (de facto)[18] Schweiz
Suisse
Svizzera
Svizra
Bern
Berne
Berna
Berna
German
French
Italian
Romansh
Syria Syria Damascus Suriyah
سورية
Dimashq / Ash-Sham
الشام / دمشق
Arabic
(Arabic script)

T[edit]

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Taiwan Taiwan (Republic of China)[12] Taipei Zhōnghuá Mínguó or Táiwān
中華民國 or 臺灣/台灣
Táiběi
臺北/台北
Chinese
(Traditional Chinese characters)
Tajikistan Tajikistan Dushanbe Tojikistan
Тоҷикистон
Dushanbe
Душанбе
Tajiki-Persian
(Cyrilic)
Tanzania Tanzania Dodoma English
Thailand Thailand Bangkok Mueang Thai, Prathet Thai, Ratcha-anachak Thai
เมืองไทย, ประเทศไทย, ราชอาณาจักรไทย
Krung Thep Maha Nakhon
กรุงเทพฯ, กรุงเทพมหานคร
Thai
Togo Togo Lomé French
Tokelau Tokelau[19] English
Tonga Tonga Nukuʻalofa Tonga Nukuʻalofa Tongan
Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago Port of Spain English
Tunisia Tunisia Tunis Tunes
ⵜⵓⵏⵙ
Tūns
تونس
Tunes
ⵜⵓⵏⵙ
Tūns
تونس
Berber language
(Tifinagh script)
Arabic
(Arabic script)
Turkey Turkey Ankara Türkiye Ankara Turkish
Turkmenistan Turkmenistan Ashgabat Türkmenistan Aşgabat Turkmen
Turks and Caicos Islands Turks and Caicos Islands[2] Cockburn Town English
Tuvalu Tuvalu Fongafale (in Funafuti) English

U[edit]

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Uganda Uganda Kampala English
Ukraine Ukraine Kiev Ukraїna
Україна
Kyїv
Київ
Ukrainian
(Cyrillic script)
United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi Al-’Imārat Al-‘Arabiyyah Al-Muttaḥidah
الإمارات العربيّة المتّحدة
‘Abū ẓabī
أبوظبي
Arabic
(Arabic script)
United Kingdom United Kingdom London United Kingdom
Y Deyrnas Unedig
Unitit Kinrick
Rìoghachd Aonaichte
Ríocht Aontaithe
An Rywvaneth Unys
London
Llundain
Lunnon
Lunnainn
Londain
Loundres
English
Welsh
Scots
Scots Gaelic
Irish
Cornish
United States United States Washington, D.C. United States or America
Estados Unidos
États-Unis
Amelika-hui-pu-'ia
Washington D.C.
Washington D.C.
Washington, D.C.
Wakinekona or Wasinetona
English
Spanish
Cajun French
Indigenous
Hawaiian
United States Virgin Islands United States Virgin Islands[1] Charlotte Amalie English
Uruguay Uruguay Montevideo República Oriental del Uruguay Montevideo Spanish
Uzbekistan Uzbekistan Tashkent O‘zbekiston
Ўзбекистон
Toshkent
Тошкент
Uzbek
(Cyrillic script)

V[edit]

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Vanuatu Vanuatu Port Vila Vanuatu Port-Vila French
Vatican City Vatican City Vatican City E Civitate Vaticana Vatican City

Latin

Venezuela Venezuela Caracas Venezuela Caracas Spanish
Vietnam Vietnam Hanoi Việt Nam Hà Nội Vietnamese

W[edit]

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Wallis and Futuna Wallis and Futuna[9] Matâ'Utu Wallis-et-Futuna
Uvea mo Futuna
Matâ'Utu French
Eastern Uvean

Y[edit]

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Yemen Yemen Sana'a Al-Yaman
اليمن
Ṣan‘ā’
ﺻﻨﻌﺎﺀ
Arabic
(Arabic script)

Z[edit]

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Zambia Zambia Lusaka English
Zimbabwe Zimbabwe Harare English

Å[edit]

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Åland Islands Åland Islands Mariehamn Åland
Ahvenanmaa
Mariehamn
Maarianhamina
Swedish
Finnish

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Insular area of the United States.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j British Overseas Territory.
  3. ^ a b c Constituent country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
  4. ^ Bulgarian and Russian can be transliterated in various ways, therefore the two most generally used transliterations are given here.
  5. ^ a b c External territory of Australia.
  6. ^ a b In free association with New Zealand.
  7. ^ a b Constituent country within the Kingdom of Denmark.
  8. ^ a b c d e Overseas department of France.
  9. ^ a b c d e Overseas collectivity of France.
  10. ^ a b c British Crown Dependency.
  11. ^ Bairiki Village is the former capital of Kiribati and is still the seat of the Presidency, but the official capital is now South Tarawa.
  12. ^ a b c Not universally recognised.
  13. ^ Brades Estate has been the de facto capital since a volcanic eruption in 1995 covered the official capital of Plymouth, leaving it uninhabitable.
  14. ^ Nauru and Switzerland are the only countries in the world without official capitals.
  15. ^ Sui generis collectivity of France.
  16. ^ The country has a third official language in New Zealand Sign Language.
  17. ^ Integral part of Norway.
  18. ^ Nauru and Switzerland are the only countries in the world without official capitals.
  19. ^ Dependency of New Zealand