List of countries and dependencies and their capitals in native languages

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The following chart lists countries and dependencies along with their capital cities, in English as well as any additional official language(s).

A

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Afghanistan Kabul Afghanestan
افغانستان
Kabul
كابل
Pashto/Dari
(Arabic script)
Albania Tirana Shqipëria Tirana Albanian
Algeria Algiers Dzayer
ⴷⵣⴰⵢⴻⵔ
Al-Jazā'ir
الجزائر
Dzayer
ⴷⵣⴰⵢⴻⵔ
Al-Jazā'ir
الجزائر
Berber language
(Tifinagh script)
Arabic
(Arabic script)
American Samoa[1] Pago Pago Amerika Sāmoa
American Samoa
Pago Pago
Pago Pago
Samoan
English
Andorra Andorra la Vella Andorra Andorra la Vella Catalan
Angola Luanda Angola
Ngola
Luanda
Lwanda
Portuguese
Kongo
Anguilla[2] The Valley Anguilla The Valley English
Antigua and Barbuda Saint John's Antigua and Barbuda St. John's English
Argentina Buenos Aires Argentina Buenos Aires Spanish
Armenia Yerevan Hayastán
Հայաստան
Yerevan
Երևան
Armenian
(Armenian alphabet)
Aruba[3] Oranjestad Aruba Oranjestad Dutch, Papiamento
Australia Canberra Australia Canberra English/ Aboriginal native languages
Austria Vienna Österreich Wien German
Åland[4] Mariehamn Åland
Ahvenanmaa
Mariehamn
Maarianhamina
Swedish
Finnish
Azerbaijan Baku Azərbaycan Bakı Azerbaijani

B

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
The Bahamas Nassau The Bahamas Nassau English
Bahrain Manama Al-Baḥrayn
البحرين
Al-Manāmah
المنامة
Arabic
(Arabic script)
Bangladesh Dhaka Bangladesh
বাংলাদেশ
Dhaka
ঢাকা
Bengali
(Bengali script)
Barbados Bridgetown Barbados Bridgetown English
Belarus Minsk Bielaruś
Беларусь
Belarus
Беларусь
Minsk
Мінск
Minsk
Минск
Belarusian
(Cyrillic script)
Russian
(Cyrillic script)
Belgium Brussels België
Belgique
Belgien
Brussel
Bruxelles
Brüssel
Dutch
French
German
Belize Belmopan Belize Belmopan English
Benin Porto-Novo Bénin Porto-Novo French
Bermuda[2] Hamilton Bermuda Hamilton English
Bhutan Thimphu Druk Yul
འབྲུག་ཡུལ
Thimphu
ཐིམ་ཕུ
Dzongkha
(Tibetan alphabet)
Bolivia La Paz Bolivia
Buliwya
Wuliwya
Volívia
La Paz
Chuqiyapu
Chuqiyapu
La Paz
Spanish
Quechua
Aymara
Guaraní
Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo Bosna i Hercegovina
Босна и Херцеговина
Sarajevo
Сарајево
Bosnian, Croatian
(Latin script),
Serbian
(Cyrillic script)
Botswana Gaborone Botswana Gaborone English, Tswana
Brazil Brasília Brasil Brasília Portuguese
British Virgin Islands[2] Road Town British Virgin Islands Road Town English
Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan Brunei
بروني
Bandar Seri Begawan or Bandar
باندر سري بڬاون
Malay
(Jawi script)
Bulgaria Sofia Bălgariya or Bălgarija
България
Sofiya or Sofija[5]
София
Bulgarian
(Cyrillic script)
Burkina Faso Ouagadougou Burkina Faso Ouagadougou French
Burundi Gitega Uburundi
Burundi
Gitega
Gitega
Kirundi
French

C

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Cambodia Phnom Penh Kămpŭchéa
កម្ពុជា
Phnum Pénh
ភ្នំពេញ
Khmer
(Khmer script)
Cameroon Yaoundé Cameroun
Cameroon
Yaoundé
Yaoundé
French
English
Canada Ottawa Canada Ottawa English, French
Cape Verde Praia Cabo Verde Praia Portuguese
Cayman Islands[2] George Town Cayman Islands George Town English
Central African Republic Bangui Centrafrique
Bêafrîka
Bangui
Bangî
French
Sango
Chad N'Djamena Tchad
Tšād
تشاد
Ndjamena
Nijāmīnā
نجامينا
French
Arabic
(Arabic script)
Chile Santiago Chile Santiago Spanish
China (People's Republic of) Beijing Zhōngguó (Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó)
中国 (中华人民共和国)
Běijīng
北京
Mandarin Chinese
(Chinese characters)
Christmas Island[6] Flying Fish Cove Christmas Island Flying Fish Cove English
Cocos Islands[6] West Island Cocos Islands West Island English
Colombia Bogotá Colombia Bogotá Spanish
Comoros Moroni Komori
Juzur al-Qamar
جزر القمر
Comores
Moroni
Moroni
موروني
Moroni
Shikomor
Arabic
(Arabic script)
French
Republic of the Congo Brazzaville République du Congo
Repubilika ya Kôngo
Republíki ya Kongó
Brazzaville
Balazavile
Brazzaville
French
Kongo
Lingala
Democratic Republic of the Congo Kinshasa République démocratique du Congo
Republíki ya Kongó Demokratíki
Repubilika ya Kôngo ya Dimokalasi
Jamhuri ya Kidemokrasia ya Kongo
Kinshasa
Kinsasa
Kinsásá
Kinshasa
French
Kongo
Lingala
Swahili
Cook Islands[7] Avarua Cook Islands
Kūki 'Āirani
Avarua
Avarua
English
Cook Islands Māori
Costa Rica San José Costa Rica San José Spanish
Côte d'Ivoire
(formerly Ivory Coast)
Yamoussoukro Côte d'Ivoire Yamoussoukro French
Croatia Zagreb Hrvatska Zagreb Croatian
Cuba Havana Cuba La Habana Spanish
Curaçao[3] Willemstad Curaçao
Kòrsou
Curaçao
Willemstad
Willemstad
Willemstad
Dutch
Papiamento
English
Cyprus Nicosia Kypros
Κύπρος
Kıbrıs
Lefkosia
Λευκωσία
Lefkoşa
Greek
(Greek alphabet)
Turkish
Czech Republic Prague Česká republika
Česko
Praha Czech

D

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Denmark Copenhagen Danmark København Danish
Djibouti Djibouti Jībūtī
جيبوتي
Djibouti
Jabuuti
Gabuuti
Jībūtī
جيبوتي
Djibouti
Jabuuti
Gabuuti
Arabic
(Arabic script)
French
Somali
Afar
Dominica Roseau Dominica Roseau English
Dominican Republic Santo Domingo República Dominicana Santo Domingo Spanish

E

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
East Timor Díli Timor Lorosa'e
Timor-Leste
Díli
Díli
Tetum
Portuguese
Ecuador Quito Ecuador Quito Spanish
Egypt Cairo Misr or Masr
مصر
Al-Qāhirah
القاهرة
Arabic
(Arabic script)
El Salvador San Salvador El Salvador San Salvador Spanish
Equatorial Guinea Malabo Guinea Ecuatorial
Guinée équatoriale
Guiné Equatorial
Malabo
Malabo
Malabo
Spanish
French
Portuguese
Eritrea Asmara Iritriya
إرتريا
Ertra
ኤርትራ
Asmaraa
أسمرا
Asmära
አሥመራ
Arabic
(Arabic script)
Tigrinya
(Ge'ez script)
Estonia Tallinn Eesti Tallinn Estonian
Eswatini
(formerly Swaziland)
Mbabane Eswatini
eSwatini
Mbabane
Mbabane
English
Swazi
Ethiopia Addis Ababa Ityop'ia
ኢትዮጵያ
Addis Abäba
አዲስ አበ
Amharic
(Ge'ez script)

F

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Falkland Islands[2] Stanley Falkland Islands Stanley English
Faroe Islands[8] Tórshavn Føroyar
Færøerne
Tórshavn
Thorshavn
Faroese
Danish
Fiji Suva Fiji
Viti
फ़िजी
Suva
Suva
Suva
English
Fijian
Fiji Hindi
Finland Helsinki Suomi
Finland
Helsinki
Helsingfors
Finnish
Swedish
France Paris France Paris French
French Guiana[9] Cayenne Guyane Cayenne French
French Polynesia[10] Papeete Polynésie française Papeete French

G

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Gabon Libreville République gabonaise Libreville French
The Gambia Banjul The Gambia Banjul English
Georgia Tbilisi Sak'art'velo
საქართველო
Tbilisi
თბილისი
Georgian
(Georgian alphabet)
Germany Berlin Deutschland Berlin German
Ghana Accra Ghana
Gaana
Gana
Gana
Accra
Nkran
Nkran
Accra
English
Akan
Twi
Ewe
Gibraltar[2] Gibraltar Gibraltar Gibraltar English
Greece Athens Hellas
Ελλάς or Ellada
Ελλάδα
Athinai
Αθήναι or Athina
Αθήνα
Greek
(Greek alphabet)
Greenland[8] Nuuk Kalaallit Nunaat
Grønland
Nuuk
Godthåb
Greenlandic
Danish
Grenada St. George's Grenada St. George's English
Guadeloupe[9] Basse-Terre Guadeloupe Basse-Terre French
Guam[1] Hagåtña
formerly Agaña
Guam
Guåhån
Hagåtña
Hagåtña
English
Chamorro
Guatemala Guatemala City Guatemala Ciudad de Guatemala Spanish
Guernsey[11] Saint Peter Port Guernsey Saint Peter Port English
Guinea Conakry Guinée
Gine
Gine
Conakry
Kɔnakiri
Konakiri
French
Maninka, Susu
Pular
Guinea-Bissau Bissau Guiné-Bissau Bissau Portuguese
Guyana Georgetown Guyana Georgetown English

H

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Haiti Port-au-Prince Haïti
Ayiti
Port-au-Prince
Pòtoprens
French
Haitian Creole
Honduras Tegucigalpa Honduras Tegucigalpa Spanish
Hong Kong[12] Hong Kong Hong Kong
Heung Gong
香港
Hong Kong
Heung Gong
香港
English
Cantonese
(Traditional Chinese characters)
Hungary Budapest Magyarország Budapest Hungarian

I

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Iceland Reykjavík Ísland Reykjavík Icelandic
India New Delhi Bharôt
ভাৰত
Bharôt
ভারত
India
Bhārat
ભારત
Bhārat
भारत
Bhārata
ಭಾರತ
Bhārat
भारत
Bhāratam
ഭാരതം
Bhārat
भारत
Bhārat
भारत
Bhārata
ଭାରତ
Bhārat
ਭਾਰਤ
Bhāratam
भारतम्
Bārata
பாரதம்
Bhāratadēsam
భారత దేశం
Nôtun Dilli
নতুন দিল্লী
Nôtun Dilli
নতুন দিল্লী
New Delhi
Navī Dilhī
નવી દિલ્હી
Naī Dillī
नई दिल्ली
Nava Dehali
ನವ ದೆಹಲಿ
Navī Dillī
नवी दिल्ली
Nyūḍalhi
ന്യൂഡല്ഹി
Navī Dillī
नवी दिल्ली
Naya Dilli
नयाँ दिल्ली
Nuā Dilli
ନୂଆ ଦିଲ୍ଲୀ
Navīñ Dillī
ਨਵੀਂ ਦਿੱਲੀ
Nav Dilli
नव दिल्ली
Pududilli
புது தில்லி
Krothha ḍhillī
క్రొత్త ఢిల్లీ
Assamese
(Assamese script)
Bengali
(Bengali script)
English
Gujarati
(Gujarāti script)
Hindi
(Devanagari script)
Kannada
(Kannada script)
Konkani
(Devanagari script)
Malayalam
(Malayalam script)
Marathi
(Devanagari script)
Nepalese
(Devanagari script)
Odia
(Odia script)
Punjabi
(Gurmukhi script)
Sanskrit
(Devanagari script)
Tamil
(Tamil script)
Telugu
(Telugu script)
Indonesia Jakarta Indonesia Jakarta Bahasa Indonesia
Iran Tehran Īrān
ایران
Tehrān
تهران
Persian
(Persian script)
Iraq Baghdad Al-'Iraq
العراق
Êraq
عێراق
Baghdad
بغداد
Bexda
بەغدا
Arabic
(Arabic script)
Kurdish
Ireland Dublin Éire
Ireland
Baile Átha Cliath
Dublin
Irish
English
Isle of Man[11] Douglas Isle of Man
Ellan Vannin
Douglas
Doolish
English
Manx
Israel Jerusalem (declared)[a] Yisra'el
ישראל
Israʼiyl
إسرائيل
Yerushalayim
ירושלים
Al-Quds
القُدس
Hebrew
(Hebrew script)
Arabic
(Arabic script)
Italy Rome Italia Roma Italian

J

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Jamaica Kingston Jamaica Kingston English
Japan Tokyo Nihon
Nippon
日本
Tōkyō
東京
Japanese
(Japanese characters)
Jersey[11] St. Helier Jersey
Jersey
Jèrri
St. Helier
Saint Hélier
Saint Hélyi
English
French
Jèrriais
Jordan Amman Al-’Urdun
الأردن
‘Ammān
عمان
Arabic
(Arabic script)

K

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Kazakhstan Nur-Sultan Qazaqstan
Қазақстан
Kazakhstán
Казахстан
Nur-Sultan
Нұр-Сұлтан
Nur-Sultan
Нур-Султан
Kazakh
(Cyrillic script)
Russian
(Cyrillic script)
Kenya Nairobi Kenya Nairobi English, Swahili
Kiribati Tarawa[13] Kiribati Tarawa English, Gilbertese
North Korea Pyongyang Chosŏn as called in NK
조선 / 朝鮮
Bukchosŏn
북조선
P'yŏngyang
평양 / 平壌
Korean
(Hangul/Hanja)
South Korea Seoul Hanguk as called in SK
한국 / 韓國
Namhan
남한
Seoul
서울
Korean
(Hangul/Hanja)
Kosovo[14] Pristina Kosova
Kosovo
Косово
Prishtinë
Priština
Приштина
Albanian
Serbian (Latin)
Serbian (Cyrillic)
Kuwait Kuwait City Dawlat ul-Kuwayt
دولة الكويت
il-ikwet
الكويت
Madiinat ul-Kuwayt
مدينة الكويت
id-diira
الديرة
Arabic (Official)
(Arabic script)
Kuwaiti Gulf Arabic (native)
(Arabic script)
Kyrgyzstan Bishkek Kyrgyzstan
Кыргызстан
Kirgizija
Киргизия
Bishkek
Бишкек
Bishkek
Бишкек
Kyrgyz
(Cyrillic script)
Russian
(Cyrillic script)

L

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Laos Vientiane Lao
ປະເທດລາວ
Vientiane, Vieng Chan, or Wīang Chan
ວຽງຈັນ
Lao
Lao alphabet
Latvia Riga Latvija Rīga Latvian
Lebanon Beirut Lubnān
لبنان
Liban
Bayrūt
بيروت
Beyrouth
Arabic
(Arabic script)

French

Lesotho Maseru Lesotho Maseru Sesotho, English
Liberia Monrovia Liberia Monrovia English
Libya Tripoli Libya
ⵍⵉⴱⵢⴰ
Lībiyā
ليبيا
Ṭrables
ⵟⵔⴰⴱⵍⴻⵙ
Tarabulus
طرابلس
Berber language
(Tifinagh script)
Arabic
(Arabic script)
Liechtenstein Vaduz Liechtenstein Vaduz German
Lithuania Vilnius Lietuva Vilnius Lithuanian
Luxembourg Luxembourg Lëtzebuerg
Luxemburg
Luxembourg
Lëtzebuerg
Luxemburg
Luxembourg
Luxembourgish
German
French

M

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Macau[12] Macau Oumún
澳門
Macau
Oumún
澳門
Macau
Cantonese
(Traditional Chinese characters)
Portuguese
Madagascar Antananarivo Madagasikara
Madagascar
Antananarivo
Antananarivo/Tananarive
Malagasy
French
Malawi Lilongwe Malawi
Malaŵi
Lilongwe
Lilongwe
English
Chichewa
Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Malaysia
Kuala Lumpur Malay
Maldives Malé Dhivehi Raajje
ދިވެހިރާއްޖެ
Malé
މާލެ
Dhivehi
(Thaana script)
Mali Bamako Mali
Mali
Bamako
Bamakɔ
French
Bambara
Malta Valletta Malta
Malta
Valletta or Il-Belt Valletta
Valletta
Maltese
English
Marshall Islands Majuro Marshall Islands
Aorōkin Ṃajeḷ
Majuro
Mājro
English
Marshallese
Martinique[9] Fort-de-France Martinique Fort-de-France French
Mauritania Nouakchott Muritan / Agawec
ⵎⵓⵔⵉⵜⴰⵏ / ⴰⴳⴰⵡⵛ
Mūrītānyā
موريتانيا
Nwakcuṭ / anu ukcuḍ
ⵏⵡⴰⴽⵛⵓⵟ / ⴰⵏⵓ ⵓⴽⵛⵓⴹ
nwakšūṭ
نواكشوط / أنو ؤكشوض
Berber language
(Tifinagh script)
Arabic
(Arabic script)
Mauritius Port Louis Mauritius
Maurice
Moris
Port Louis
Port-Louis
Porlwi
English
French
Mauritian Creole
Mayotte[9] Mamoudzou Mayotte
Maore
Mamoudzou
Momoju
French
Shimaore
Mexico Mexico City México
Mēxihco
Ciudad de México
Āltepētl Mēxihco
Spanish
Nahuatl
Federated States of Micronesia Palikir Federated States of Micronesia Palikir English
Moldova Chișinău Moldova Chișinău Romanian
Monaco Monaco Monaco
Múnegu
Monaco
Múnegu
French
Monégasque
Mongolia Ulaanbaatar Mongol Uls
Монгол Улс
ᠮᠤᠩᠭᠤᠯ
ᠤᠯᠤᠰ
Ulaanbaatar
Улаанбаатар
ᠤᠯᠠᠭᠠᠨᠪᠠᠭᠠᠲᠤᠷ
Mongolian
(Cyrillic script)
(Mongol script)
Montenegro Podgorica Crna Gora
Црна Гора
Podgorica
Подгорица
Montenegrin
Montserrat[2] Brades Estate[15] Montserrat Brades Estate English
Morocco Rabat Amerruk / Elmeɣrib
ⴰⵎⵔⵔⵓⴽ / ⵍⵎⵖⵔⵉⴱ
Al-maɣréb
المغرب
Errbaṭ
ⵔⵔⴱⴰⵟ
Ar-ribaaṭ
الرباط
Berber language
(Tifinagh script)
Arabic
(Arabic script)
Mozambique Maputo Moçambique Maputo Portuguese
Myanmar (or Burma) Naypyidaw Myanma
မြန်မာ
Nay Pyi Taw
နေပြည်တော်
Burmese
(Burmese alphabet)

N

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Namibia Windhoek Namibia
Namibia
Namibië
Namibia
Namibia
Windhoek
Windhuk
Windhoek
/Ae-//Gams
Otjomuise
English
German
Afrikaans
Damara/Nama
Herero
Nauru Yaren (de facto)[16] Nauru
Naoero
Yaren
Yaren
English
Nauruan
Nepal Kathmandu Nepāl
नेपाल
Kāṭhamāṇḍauṃ
काठमाण्डौं
Kāntipura
कान्तिपुर
Yen Dey
येँ देय्‌
Nepalese
Devanagari
Netherlands Amsterdam Nederland
Nederlân
Amsterdam
Amsterdam
Dutch
West Frisian
New Caledonia[17] Nouméa Nouvelle-Calédonie Nouméa French
New Zealand[18] Wellington New Zealand
Aotearoa
Wellington
Poneke/Te Whanganui-a-Tara
English
Māori
Nicaragua Managua Nicaragua Managua Spanish
Niger Niamey Niger Niamey French
Nigeria Abuja Nigeria
Nijeriya
Naìjíríyà
Nàìjíríà
Abuja
Abuja
Abuja
Àbújá
English
Hausa
Igbo
Yoruba
Niue[7] Alofi Niuē
Niue
Alofi
Alofi
Niuean
English
Norfolk Island[6] Kingston Norfolk Island
Norf'k Ailen
Kingston
Kingston
English
Norfuk
North Macedonia Skopje Severna Makedonija
Северна Македонија
Maqedonia e Veriut
Skopje
Скопје
Shkup
Macedonian
(Cyrillic script)
Albanian
Northern Mariana Islands[1] Saipan Northern Mariana Islands
Notte Mariånas
Saipan
Saipan
English
Chamorro
Norway Oslo Norge
Noreg
Norga
Vuodna
Nöörje
Oslo
Oslo
Oslo
Oslo
Oslo
Norwegian Bokmål
Norwegian Nynorsk
Northern Sami
Lule Sami
Southern Sami

O

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Oman Muscat ‘Umān
عُمان
Masqaṭ
مسقط
Arabic
(Arabic script)

P

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Pakistan Islamabad Pākistān
پاکستان
Islāmabād
اسلام‌اباد
English
Urdu
(Arabic script [Nastaʿlīq hand])
Palau Ngerulmud Belau
Palau
Ngerulmud
Ngerulmud
English
Palauan
Palestine[14] East Jerusalem (declared)
Ramallah (administrative capital)[b]
Filasṭīn
فلسطين
Al-Quds Al-Sharqit
القدس الشرقية
Rāmallāh
رام الله
Arabic
(Arabic script)
Panama Panama City Panamá Ciudad de Panamá Spanish
Papua New Guinea Port Moresby Papua New Guinea
Papua Niugini
Papua Niu Gini
Port Moresby
Pot Mosbi
Pot Mosbi
English
Tok Pisin
Hiri Motu
Paraguay Asunción Paraguay
Paraguái
Asunción
Paraguay
Spanish
Guaraní
Peru Lima Perú
Piruw
Lima
Lima
Spanish
Quechua/Aymara
Philippines Manila Pilipinas
Philippines
Maynila
Manila
Filipino
English
Pitcairn Islands[2] Adamstown Pitcairn Islands
Pitkern Ailen
Adamstown
Adamstown
English
Pitcairnese
Poland Warsaw Polska Warszawa Polish
Portugal Lisbon Portugal Lisboa Portuguese
Puerto Rico[1] San Juan Puerto Rico San Juan English, Spanish

Q

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Qatar Doha Qaṭar
قطر
Ad-Dawḥah
الدوحة
Arabic
(Arabic script)

R

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Réunion[9] Saint-Denis La Réunion Saint-Denis French
Romania Bucharest România București Romanian
Russia Moscow Rossiya or Rossiâ
Россия[5]
Moskva
Москва
Russian
(Cyrillic script)
Rwanda Kigali Rwanda Kigali French, Kinyarwanda, Swahili, English

S

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic[14] Laayoune Al-Jumhūrīyah al-‘Arabīyah aṣ-Ṣaḥrāwīyah ad-Dīmuqrāṭīyah
الجمهورية العربية الصحراوية الديمقراطية
República Árabe Saharaui Democrática
République Arabe Sahraouie Démocratique
Al-ʿAyyūn
لعيون
El Aaiún
Laâyoune
Arabic
(Arabic script)
Spanish
French
Saint Barthélemy[10] Gustavia Saint-Barthélemy Gustavia French
Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha[2] Jamestown Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Jamestown English
Saint Kitts and Nevis Basseterre Saint Kitts and Nevis Basseterre English
Saint Martin[10] Marigot Saint-Martin Marigot French
Saint Lucia Castries Saint Lucia Castries English
Saint Pierre and Miquelon[10] Saint-Pierre Saint-Pierre et Miquelon Saint-Pierre French
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Kingstown Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Kingstown English
Samoa Apia Samoa
Sāmoa
Apia
Apia
English
Samoan
San Marino San Marino San Marino San Marino Italian
São Tomé and Príncipe São Tomé São Tomé e Príncipe São Tomé Portuguese
Saudi Arabia Riyadh Al-Mamlaka Al-‘Arabiyyah as Sa‘ūdiyyah
المملكة العربية السعودية
Ar-Riyāḍ
الرياض
Arabic
(Arabic script)
Senegal Dakar Sénégal
Senegaal
Dakar
Ndakaaru
French
Wolof
Serbia Belgrade Srbija
Србија
Beograd
Београд
Serbian
(Cyrillic script)
Seychelles Victoria Sesel
Seychelles
Seychelles
Victoria or Port Victoria Seychellois Creole
French
English
Sierra Leone Freetown Sierra Leone Freetown English
Singapore Singapore Singapura
Singapore
Xīnjiāpō
新加坡
Singapur
சிங்கப்பூர்
Singapura
Singapore
Xīnjiāpō
新加坡
Singapur
சிங்கப்பூர்
Malay
English
Mandarin Chinese
(Simplified Chinese characters)
Tamil
(Tamil script)
Sint Maarten[3] Philipsburg Sint Maarten
Sint Maarten
Philipsburg
Philipsburg
Dutch
English
Slovakia Bratislava Slovensko Bratislava Slovak
Slovenia Ljubljana Slovenija Ljubljana Slovene
Solomon Islands Honiara Solomon Islands
Solomon Aelan
Honiara
Honiala
English
Neo-Solomonic
Somalia Mogadishu Soomaaliya
aş-Şūmāl
الصومال
Muqdisho
Maqadīshū
مقديشو
Somali
Arabic
(Arabic script)
South Africa Pretoria (administrative capital), Cape Town (legislative capital), Bloemfontein, (judicial capital) South Africa
Suid-Afrika
iNingizimu Afrika
uMzantsi Afrika
Afrika-Borwa
Afrika Borwa
Aforika Borwa
Afurika Tshipembe
Afrika Dzonga
iNingizimu Afrika
iSewula Afrika
Pretoria, Cape Town
Pretoria, Kaapstad
iPitoli, iKapa
iPitoli, iKapa
Pretoria
Pretoria
Pretoria
Pretoria
Pitori
iPitoli
iPitori
English
Afrikaans
isiZulu
isiXhosa
Pedi
Sotho
Tswana
Venda
Tsonga
Swazi
Ndebele
South Sudan Juba South Sudan
Sudan Kusini
Paguot Thudän
Juba
Juba
Juba
English
Swahili
Dinka
Spain Madrid España
Espanya
Espainia
Espanha
Madrid
Madrid
Madril
Madrid
Spanish, Galician
Catalan
Basque
Aranese, Galician (R)
Sri Lanka Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte Sri Lankā
ශ්‍රී ලංකාව
இலங்கை
Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte
ශ්‍රී ජයවර්ධනපුර කෝට්ටේ
ஶ்ரீ ஜெயவர்த்தனபுரம் கோட்டை
Sinhala
Tamil
Sudan Khartoum As-Sudan
السودان
Al-Khartûm
الخرطوم
Arabic
(Arabic script)
Suriname Paramaribo Suriname Paramaribo Dutch
Svalbard[19] Longyearbyen Svalbard Longyearbyen Norwegian
Sweden Stockholm Sverige Stockholm Swedish
Switzerland Bern (de facto)[16] Schweiz
Suisse
Svizzera
Svizra
Bern
Berne
Berna
Berna
German
French
Italian
Romansh
Syria Damascus Suriyah
سورية
Dimashq / Ash-Sham
الشام / دمشق
Arabic
(Arabic script)

T

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Taiwan (Republic of China)[14] Taipei Zhōnghuá Mínguó or Táiwān
中華民國 or 臺灣/台灣
Táiběi
臺北/台北
Chinese
(Traditional Chinese characters)
Tajikistan Dushanbe Tojikistan
Тоҷикистон
Dushanbe
Душанбе
Tajiki-Persian
(Cyrillic)
Tanzania Dodoma Tanzania Dodoma English, Swahili
Thailand Bangkok Thai, Prathet Thai, Ratcha-anachak Thai
ไทย, ประเทศไทย, ราชอาณาจักรไทย
Krung Thep, Krung Thep Maha Nakhon
กรุงเทพฯ, กรุงเทพมหานคร
Thai
(Thai script)
Togo Lomé Togo
Togo
Togo
Lomé
Lome
Loma
French
Ewe
Kabiye
Tokelau[20] Tokelau English, Tokelauan
Tonga Nukuʻalofa Tonga Nukuʻalofa Tongan, English
Trinidad and Tobago Port of Spain Trinidad and Tobago Port of Spain English
Tunisia Tunis Tunes
ⵜⵓⵏⵙ
Tūns
تونس
Tunes
ⵜⵓⵏⵙ
Tūns
تونس
Berber language
(Tifinagh script)
Arabic
(Arabic script)
Turkey Ankara Türkiye Ankara Turkish
Turkmenistan Ashgabat Türkmenistan Aşgabat Turkmen
Turks and Caicos Islands[2] Cockburn Town Turks and Caicos Islands Cockburn Town English
Tuvalu Fongafale (in Funafuti) Tuvalu Fongafale English, Tuvaluan

U

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Uganda Kampala Uganda Kampala English, Swahili
Ukraine Kyiv Ukrajina
Україна
Kyjiv
Київ
Ukrainian
(Cyrillic script)
United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi Al-’Imārat Al-‘Arabiyyah Al-Muttaḥidah
الإمارات العربيّة المتّحدة
‘Abū ẓabī
أبوظبي
Arabic
(Arabic script)
United Kingdom London United Kingdom or Britain
Y Deyrnas Unedig
Unitit Kinrick
Rìoghachd Aonaichte
Ríocht Aontaithe
An Rywvaneth Unys
London
Llundain
Lunnon
Lunnainn
Londain
Loundres
English
Welsh
Scots
Scots Gaelic
Irish
Cornish
United States Washington, D.C. United States or America
Estados Unidos
États-Unis
(multiple names)
‘Amelika Hui Pū ‘ia
Washington, D.C., Washington, or D.C.
Washington D.C.
Washington, D.C.
(multiple names)
Wakinekona/ Wasinetona
English
Spanish
Cajun French
Indigenous
Hawaiian
United States Virgin Islands[1] Charlotte Amalie United States Virgin Islands Charlotte Amalie English
Uruguay Montevideo Uruguay Montevideo Spanish
Uzbekistan Tashkent O‘zbekiston
Ўзбекистон
Toshkent
Тошкент
Uzbek
(Cyrillic script)

V

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Vanuatu Port Vila Vanuatu Port-Vila French
Vatican City Vatican City Civitas Vaticana
Città del Vaticano
Civitas Vaticana
Città del Vaticano

Latin
Italian

Venezuela Caracas Venezuela Caracas Spanish
Vietnam Hanoi Việt Nam Hà Nội Vietnamese

W

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Wallis and Futuna[10] Mata Utu Wallis-et-Futuna
ʻUvea mo Futuna
Mata Utu
Matāʻutu
French
Wallisian
Futunan

Y

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Yemen Sana'a Al-Yaman
اليمن
Ṣan‘ā’
ﺻﻨﻌﺎﺀ
Arabic
(Arabic script)

Z

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Zambia Lusaka Zambia Lusaka English, Bemba, Chewa
Zimbabwe Harare Zimbabwe Harare English, Shona

Notes

  1. ^ Jerusalem Law states that "Jerusalem, complete and united, is the capital of Israel", and the city serves as the seat of the government, home to the president's residence, government offices, supreme court, and parliament. United Nations Security Council Resolution 478 declared the Jerusalem Law "null and void" and called on member states to withdraw their diplomatic missions from Jerusalem. The United Nations and nearly all of its member states maintain their embassies in other cities such as Tel Aviv, Ramat Gan, and Herzliya, and do not recognise Jerusalem as the capital;[21] however, in May 2018, the United States and Guatemala moved their official embassies to Jerusalem, and several other UN member states indicated that they were considering doing the same.[22] Many countries officially adhere to the proposal that Jerusalem have international status, as called for in the Partition Plan of 1947. The Palestinian National Authority claims East Jerusalem as the capital of a future Palestinian state.[23] See Positions on Jerusalem.
  2. ^ The State of Palestine claims the territories occupied by Israel since the Six-Day War in 1967, with East Jerusalem as its capital. The proclaimed state is currently occupied by Israel and has no effective control over the territories it claims. Administration is based in Ramallah and Gaza, rather than Jerusalem. Most members of the United Nations regard East Jerusalem as occupied territory, and the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, the Arab League and the Non-Aligned Movement recognise it as the capital of a future Palestinian state. See the following:
    • Organisation of the Islamic Conference (13–16 March 1989). "Resolutions on Political, Legal and Information Affairs". The Eighteenth Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers (Session of Islamic Fraternity and Solidarity). Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 2011-10-18.
    • Agence France-Presse (6 September 2011). "Non-Aligned movement confirms support for Palestinian statehood bid". Al Arabiya. Retrieved 2011-10-18.
    • Council of the European Union, 17218/09 (Presse 371). "Press release, 2985th Council meeting on Foreign Affairs" (PDF). Press Office. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-12-22. Retrieved 2011-08-02. See Positions on Jerusalem.

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Insular area of the United States.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j British Overseas Territory.
  3. ^ a b c Constituent country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
  4. ^ Autonomous region of Finland.
  5. ^ a b Bulgarian and Russian can be transliterated in various ways, therefore the two most generally used transliterations are given here.
  6. ^ a b c External territory of Australia.
  7. ^ a b In free association with New Zealand.
  8. ^ a b Constituent country within the Kingdom of Denmark.
  9. ^ a b c d e Overseas department of France.
  10. ^ a b c d e Overseas collectivity of France.
  11. ^ a b c British Crown Dependency.
  12. ^ a b Special administrative regions of China recognized by international treaty.
  13. ^ Bairiki Village is the former capital of Kiribati and is still the seat of the Presidency, but the official capital is now South Tarawa.
  14. ^ a b c d Non-UN member state with limited international recognition as a sovereign state.
  15. ^ Brades Estate has been the de facto capital since a volcanic eruption in 1995 covered the official capital of Plymouth, leaving it uninhabitable.
  16. ^ a b Nauru and Switzerland are the only United Nations member states without an official capital city.
  17. ^ Sui generis collectivity of France.
  18. ^ The country has a third official language in New Zealand Sign Language.
  19. ^ Integral part of Norway.
  20. ^ Dependency of New Zealand
  21. ^ See the CIA Factbook and Map of Israel
  22. ^ Turner, Ashley (May 17, 2018). "After US embassy makes controversial move to Jerusalem, more countries follow its lead". CNBC.
  23. ^ Sharkansky, Ira (1996). Governing Jerusalem: Again on the world's agenda. Wayne State University Press. p. 23. ISBN 0-8143-2592-0.