List of countries by natural disaster risk

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

This is a list of countries by natural disaster risk, as measured in the World Risk Index, calculated by the United Nations University for Environment and Human Security (UNU-EHS) and featured in the 2016 World Risk Report (WRR 2016) published by the Alliance Development Works/Bündnis Entwicklung Hilft (BEH).

The report systematically considers a country's vulnerability and its exposure to natural hazards to determine a ranking of countries around the world based on their natural disaster risk. The WRI developed by UNU-EHS and BEH the main feature of the WRR, determines the risk of becoming a victim of a disaster as a result of vulnerability and natural hazards such as earthquakes, storms, floods, droughts and sea level rise for 173 countries worldwide. The WRI is based on 28 indicators and research data which are globally freely available and results in a global risk ranking and maps which allow for comparison between countries. Risk is at its highest where a high level of exposure to natural hazards coincides with very vulnerable societies.[1]

Rankings[edit]

Key: colors set from source document.

Rank Country 2016[2] 2013[3] 2012[4] 2011[5]
1  Qatar 0.08% 0.11% 0.10% 0.02%
2  Malta 0.60% 0.61% 0.61% 0.72%
3  Saudi Arabia 1.14% 1.32% 1.31% 1.26%
4  Barbados 1.32% 1.16% 1.15% 2.44%
5  Grenada 1.42% 1.44% 1.46% 2.29%
6  Iceland 1.52% 1.55% 1.53% 1.56%
7  Bahrain 1.69% 1.81% 1.81% 1.66%
8  Kiribati 1.78% 1.78% 1.78% 1.88%
9  United Arab Emirates 1.97% 2.10% 2.07% 4.09%
10  Sweden 2.12% 2.26% 2.15% 2.00%
11  Norway 2.19% 2.35% 2.31% 2.28%
12  Finland 2.21% 2.28% 2.24% 2.06%
13  Singapore 2.27% 2.49% 2.54% 2.85%
14  Egypt 2.29% 2.34% 2.33% 2.38%
15  Israel 2.30% 2.49% 2.43% 2.60%
16  Estonia 2.36% 2.52% 2.50% 2.25%
17   Switzerland 2.37% 2.61% 2.59% 2.55%
18  Luxembourg 2.43% 2.68% 2.65% 2.70%
19  Seychelles 2.55% 2.58% 2.60% 2.68%
20  France 2.62% 2.79% 2.78% 2.76%
21  Oman 2.64% 2.74% 2.72% 2.80%
22  Cyprus 2.68% 2.77% 2.81% 3.46%
23  Denmark 2.89% 3.10% 3.09% 2.86%
24  Lithuania 2.92% 3.18% 3.23% 2.89%
25  Germany 2.95% 3.24% 3.27% 2.96%
26  Ukraine 2.97% 3.14% 3.19% 3.02%
27  Canada 3.01% 3.18% 3.18% 2.57%
28  Spain 3.05% 3.38% 3.40% 3.29%
29  Belgium 3.07% 3.42% 3.48% 3.51%
30  Mongolia 3.08% 3.10% 3.24% 3.43%
31  Belarus 3.11% 3.31% 3.32% 2.98%
32  Poland 3.20% 3.46% 3.53% 3.42%
33  Kuwait 3.28% 3.70% 3.71% 3.71%
34  Latvia 3.31% 3.48% 3.51% 3.09%
35  Czech Republic 3.37% 3.61% 3.67% 4.15%
36  Slovakia 3.39% 3.63% 3.69% 3.38%
37  Austria 3.39% 3.80% 3.75% 3.41%
38  Slovenia 3.41% 3.69% 3.81% 3.72%
39  Portugal 3.45% 3.80% 3.82% 3.62%
40  Paraguay 3.48% 3.85% 3.84% 4.12%
41  United Kingdom 3.54% 3.71% 3.65% 3.61%
42  Kazakhstan 3.56% 3.84% 3.87% 4.04%
43  Argentina 3.56% 3.76% 3.80% 3.77%
44  Russia 3.58% 3.78% 3.83% 3.56%
45  United States 3.76% 3.99% 3.99% 3.72%
46  Libya 3.79% 3.93% 3.80% 3.67%
47  Croatia 3.97% 4.24% 4.35% 3.71%
48  Uruguay 4.03% 4.09% 4.12% 3.94%
49  Brazil 4.09% 4.26% 4.30% 4.26%
50  Bahamas 4.14% 3.99% 4.17% 4.52%
51  Australia 4.22% 4.51% 4.57% 4.28%
52  Bulgaria 4.22% 4.43% 4.56% 4.08%
53  Italy 4.42% 4.88% 4.82% 4.74%
54  Equatorial Guinea 4.46% 4.49% 4.47% 6.72%
55  Iraq 4.49% 4.83% 4.95% 5.77%
56  New Zealand 4.55% 4.69% 4.44% 4.28%
57  Jordan 4.58% 4.88% 4.90% 5.13%
58  Bolivia 4.58% 5.08% 5.13% 5.16%
59  South Korea 4.59% 4.94% 4.89% 4.14%
60  Ireland 4.60% 4.69% 4.50% 4.15%
61  Iran 4.73% 4.92% 4.98% 5.11%
62  Moldova 4.79% 5.05% 5.23% 4.78%
63  Lebanon 5.01% 5.05% 5.10% 5.01%
64    Nepal 5.12% 5.53% 5.69% 6.15%
65  Botswana 5.14% 5.37% 5.21% 5.56%
66  Turkey 5.20% 5.52% 5.68% 5.38%
67  Hungary 5.32% 5.69% 5.87% 5.49%
68  Namibia 5.37% 5.68% 5.72% 6.63%
69  Tunisia 5.40% 5.90% 5.90% 5.72%
70  Azerbaijan 5.54% 6.19% 6.25% 5.86%
71  South Africa 5.58% 5.80% 5.90% 5.71%
72  Laos 5.59% 5.71% 5.73% 5.80%
73  Syria 5.69% 5.67% 5.68% 6.19%
74  Macedonia 5.87% 6.28% 6.10% 6.80%
75  Romania 5.92% 6.61% 6.78% 6.43%
76  Venezuela 5.93% 6.16% 6.13% 6.11%
77  Mexico 5.97% 6.39% 6.39% 6.53%
78  Yemen 5.97% 6.03% 5.98% 6.83%
79  Gabon 6.04% 5.93% 6.20% 6.30%
80  Armenia 6.07% 6.91% 7.05% 6.36%
81  Bosnia and Herzegovina 6.10% 6.42% 6.63% 6.25%
82  Cuba 6.13% 6.51% 6.55% 5.99%
83  Thailand 6.19% 6.34% 6.44% 6.86%
84  Georgia 6.27% 6.83% 6.75% 6.97%
85  Eritrea 6.35% 6.35% 6.44% 7.22%
86  Malaysia 6.39% 6.45% 6.53% 6.69%
87  China 6.39% 6.97% 7.04% 6.90%
88  Turkmenistan 6.44% 6.57% 6.64% 7.18%
89  Colombia 6.45% 6.90% 6.89% 6.86%
90  Morocco 6.45% 7.13% 7.21% 7.17%
91  Angola 6.52% 6.45% 6.56% 8.02%
92  Uganda 6.52% 6.69% 6.75% 7.57%
93  Belize 6.55% 6.62% 6.63% 5.93%
94  Peru 6.59% 7.02% 6.96% 7.82%
95  India 6.64% 7.17% 7.28% 7.68%
96  Greece 6.70% 7.38% 7.81% 8.27%
97  Tajikistan 6.72% 7.35% 7.40% 7.47%
98  Kenya 6.77% 7.08% 7.18% 7.24%
99  Lesotho 6.84% 7.09% 7.22% 7.86%
100  Pakistan 6.96% 7.21% 7.25% 7.84%
101  Central African Republic 7.03% 6.57% 6.55% 6.95%
102  Ethiopia 7.04% 7.36% 7.35% 7.09%
103  Rwanda 7.09% 7.43% 7.60% 8.68%
104  Serbia 7.12% 7.53% 7.67% 5.44%
105  Congo 7.19% 7.57% 7.38% 7.71%
106  Zambia 7.25% 7.46% 7.44% 8.41%
107  Panama 7.26% 7.49% 7.69% 7.70%
108  Comoros 7.29% 7.52% 7.45% 6.93%
109  Sri Lanka 7.32% 7.67% 7.79% 7.84%
110  Algeria 7.36% 8.13% 8.15% 8.06%
111  Trinidad and Tobago 7.50% 7.65% 7.68% 6.70%
112  Bhutan 7.51% 7.98% 8.17% 13.65%
113  Swaziland 7.52% 7.65% 7.84% 7.37%
114  Ecuador 7.53% 7.77% 7.94% 8.69%
115  Tanzania 7.65% 7.99% 8.11% 8.64%
116  Liberia 7.84% 7.71% 7.86% 9.20%
117  Kyrgyzstan 7.86% 8.43% 8.50% 8.48%
118  Mauritania 7.95% 8.26% 8.43% 9.70%
119  Malawi 7.98% 8.02% 8.18% 8.99%
120  Nigeria 7.98% 8.32% 8.28% 9.03%
121  Sudan 7.99% 7.87% 7.88% 9.25%
122  Guinea 8.20% 8.32% 8.55% 9.49%
123  Netherlands 8.24% 8.76% 8.49% 7.71%
124  Mali 8.39% 8.65% 8.76% 11.51%
125  Ghana 8.39% 8.81% 8.85% 9.35%
126  Suriname 8.44% 8.55% 8.62% 9.25%
127  Uzbekistan 8.59% 8.66% 8.71% 9.37%
128  Mozambique 8.69% 8.89% 9.09% 9.98%
129  Cote d'Ivoire 8.88% 8.86% 9.00% 9.03%
130  Myanmar 8.90% 9.10% 9.15% 8.54%
131  Afghanistan 9.50% 9.93% 9.79% 14.06%
132  Albania 9.50% 10.01% 9.96% 9.98%
133  Burkina Faso 9.54% 9.72% 9.74% 11.58%
134  Zimbabwe 10.06% 9.96% 9.87% 9.63%
135  Sierra Leone 10.21% 10.37% 10.58% 11.25%
136  Indonesia 10.24% 10.54% 10.74% 11.69%
137  Burundi 10.28% 10.46% 10.49% 11.56%
138  Djibouti 10.30% 9.84% 9.96% 7.05%
139  Togo 10.36% 10.34% 10.64% 10.40%
140  Senegal 10.38% 10.99% 11.08% 11.76%
141  Cape Verde 10.39% 10.80% 10.88% 9.47%
142  Honduras 10.68% 10.91% 11.02% 12.10%
143  Chad 10.85% 11.06% 11.13% 12.25%
144  Cameroon 10.91% 11.09% 10.96% 14.46%
145  Dominican Republic 10.96% 11.28% 11.63% 12.00%
146  Madagascar 11.15% 11.23% 11.50% 10.27%
147  Niger 11.24% 11.62% 11.93% 14.03%
148  Guyana 11.39% 11.65% 11.77% 9.02%
149  Benin 11.39% 11.32% 11.42% 10.90%
150  Chile 11.65% 12.28% 12.26% 11.97%
151  Haiti 11.68% 11.88% 11.96% 11.45%
152  Jamaica 11.83% 12.15% 12.15% 12.89%
153  Gambia 12.07% 11.71% 11.84% 13.90%
154  Vietnam 12.53% 12.81% 12.88% 11.21%
155  Japan 12.99% 13.56% 13.69% 13.57%
156  Fiji 13.15% 14.10% 13.53% 11.13%
157  Guinea-Bissau 13.56% 13.09% 13.34% 13.12%
158  Nicaragua 14.62% 15.18% 15.39% 11.91%
159  Mauritius 15.53% 14.89% 15.36% 15.74%
160  Timor-Leste 15.69% 16.37% 17.13% 17.45%
161  El Salvador 16.05% 16.85% 16.89% 16.49%
162  Papua New Guinea 16.43% 15.90% 15.81% 15.45%
163  Cambodia 16.58% 16.90% 17.17% 16.58%
164  Costa Rica 17.00% 16.94% 17.38% 16.74%
165  Brunei 17.00% 15.58% 15.92% 14.08%
166  Solomon Islands 19.14% 18.11% 18.15% 23.51%
167  Bangladesh 19.17% 19.81% 20.22% 17.45%
168  Guatemala 19.88% 20.88% 20.75% 20.88%
169  Philippines 26.70% 27.52% 27.98% 24.32%
170  Tonga 29.33% 28.23% 28.62% 29.08%
171  Vanuatu 36.28% 36.43% 36.31% 32.00%
172  Sao Tome and Principe 3.35% 3.40% 3.73%
173  Samoa 4.51% 4.51% 7.88%

Countries unlisted in the WorldRiskIndex: Andorra, Antigua and Barbuda, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Kosovo, Federated States of Micronesia, Liechtenstein, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Monaco, Montenegro, Nauru, Palau, San Marino, Somalia, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Tuvalu.

Countries unlisted in the 2016 WorldRiskIndex: São Tomé and Príncipe, Samoa.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]