List of sovereign states by natural increase

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The natural increase in population, from the CIA World Factbook, 2017.
  ≥ 30
  25 – 29.99
  20 – 24.99
  15 – 19.99
  10 – 14.99
  5 – 9.99
  0 – 4.99
  -5 – -0.01
  < -5
  Data unavailable

This article contains a list of countries by rate of natural increase.

Methodology[edit]

The rate of natural increase is defined as the crude birth rate minus the crude death rate. It is expressed as a rate per 1,000 population.

Countries and subnational areas[edit]

The birth rates[1] and death rates[2] in columns one and two are the CIA World Factbook estimates for the year 2022 unless otherwise noted, rounded to the nearest tenth (except for Mayotte and the Falkland Islands with 2010 and 2012 estimates respectively). The natural increase rate in column three is calculated from the rounded values of columns one and two. Rates are the average annual number of births or deaths during a year per 1,000 persons; these are also known as crude birth or death rates.

Column four is from the UN Population Division [3] and shows a projection for the average natural increase rate for the time period shown using the medium fertility variant. Blank cells in column four indicate lack of data.

Country or subnational area Crude birth rate Crude death rate Natural increase rate Natural increase rate (2015–20)[4]
 
 Niger 47.1 9.9 37.2 37.9
 Uganda 40.9 5 35.9 31.8
 Angola 41.8 8 33.8 32.6
 Benin 41.2 8 33.2 27.4
 Mali 41.1 8.5 32.6 32
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 40.1 7.9 32.2 31.8
 Mayotte (France) 38.76[n 1] 7.05 31.71 +25.6
 Chad 40.5 9.5 31 30.2
 Liberia 36.6 6.6 30 25.6
 Burundi 35.2 6 29.2 31.2
 Guinea-Bissau 36.5 7.5 29 25.7
 Zambia 34.9 6.1 28.8 29.7
 Tanzania 33.3 5.1 28.2 30.4
 South Sudan 37.7 9.5 28.2 24.6
 Cameroon 35.5 7.7 27.8 26.3
 Guinea 35.7 8.1 27.6 26
 Mozambique 37.5 10.3 27.2 29.1
 Sudan 33.5 6.3 27.2 25.1
 Togo 31.9 5.3 26.6 24.8
 Senegal 31.5 5.1 26.4 28.9
 Somalia 38 11.6 26.4 30.9
 Burkina Faso 33.6 7.7 25.9 29.9
 Nigeria 34.2 8.7 25.5 26.1
 East Timor 30.9 5.6 25.3
 Ethiopia 30.5 5.7 24.8 25.9
 Gaza Strip 27.7 2.9 24.8
 Zimbabwe 33.1 8.8 24.3 22.8
 Papua New Guinea 29 5.5 23.5 19.8
 Republic of the Congo 31.8 8.4 23.4 26.3
 Malawi 27.9 4.6 23.3 27.5
 Afghanistan 35.5 12.3 23.2 26.3
 Gambia 28.8 5.8 23 30.8
 Sierra Leone 32.2 9.3 22.9 21.8
 Madagascar 28.7 6 22.7 26.7
 Ghana 28.6 6.1 22.5 22.2
 São Tomé and Príncipe 28.2 6.2 22 26.9
 Kenya 26.4 5 21.4 23.4
 Central African Republic 32.8 11.8 21 23
 West Bank 24.4 3.4 21
 Equatorial Guinea 30 9 21 24
 Iraq 24.7 3.9 20.8 24.3
 Côte d'Ivoire 28.3 7.6 20.7 25.7
 Mauritania 28.1 7.4 20.7 26.6
 Rwanda 26.4 5.9 20.5 26.8
 Pakistan 26.5 6 20.5 21.5
 Gabon 26 5.7 20.3 25.1
 Eritrea 27 6.7 20.3 23.4
 Jordan 22.6 3.5 19.1 18.2
 Yemen 24.6 5.6 19 24.7
 Oman 22.1 3.2 18.9 17.2
 Solomon Islands 22.7 4 18.7 28.5
 Syria 22.7 4.2 18.5
 Namibia 25 6.9 18.1 20.6
 Libya 21.6 3.5 18.1 13.9
 Marshall Islands 22 4.3 17.7
 Vanuatu 21.6 4 17.6 24.5
 Guatemala 22.3 4.9 17.4 20
 Belize 21.3 3.9 17.4 16.8
 Egypt 21.5 4.3 17.2 20.7
 Comoros 22.5 6.6 15.9 24.8
 Philippines 22.3 6.4 15.9 14.7
 Kuwait 17.8 2.3 15.5 11.7
 Tonga 20.3 5 15.3 17.3
 Djibouti 22.3 7.1 15.2 14.6
 Tajikistan 20.7 5.7 15 26.3
 Nauru 21.1 6.3 14.8
 Tuvalu 22.7 8 14.7
 Laos 20.9 6.4 14.5
 Algeria 18.5 4.3 14.2 20
 Micronesia 18.4 4.2 14.2 16.3
 Haiti 21.1 7.2 13.9 16
 Samoa 19.2 5.4 13.8 19.3
 Eswatini 23.4 9.7 13.7 10.8
 Cambodia 19.3 5.8 13.5 16.7
 Kyrgyzstan 19.5 6.1 13.4 18.7
 Honduras 17.9 4.7 13.2 17.4
 Kiribati 20.1 6.9 13.2 21.7
 Cape Verde 18.5 5.8 12.7
 Guam (US) 18.6 6 12.6 11.4
 Israel 17.4 5.1 12.3 15.1
 Brunei 16.1 3.8 12.3 10.6
 Bangladesh 17.7 5.5 12.2 12.8
 Bolivia 18.6 6.5 12.1 15.1
 Lesotho 23.2 11.1 12.1 12.7
 El Salvador 17.9 5.9 12 11.4
   Nepal 17.5 5.6 11.9 13.6
 Panama 18 6.1 11.9 14
 Dominican Republic 18 6.3 11.7 13.6
 Turkmenistan 17.5 6 11.5 16.9
 Paraguay 16.3 4.9 11.4 15.2
 Maldives 15.5 4.2 11.3 11.6
 Nicaragua 16.5 5.2 11.3 15.8
 Ecuador 16.5 5.2 11.3 14.8
 Botswana 20.3 9.1 11.2 19.3
 Morocco 17.4 6.6 10.8 14
 Saudi Arabia 14.2 3.4 10.8 15.5
 American Samoa (US) 16.7 6.1 10.6
 Venezuela 17.3 6.8 10.5 11.1
 Fiji 16.6 6.4 10.2 13.3
 Uzbekistan 15.5 5.4 10.1 16
 Iran 15.3 5.2 10.1 14.2
 Northern Mariana Islands (US) 15.5 5.4 10.1
 Turks and Caicos Islands (UK) 13.5 3.5 10
 Vietnam 15.7 5.8 9.9 10.7
 Guyana 16.7 6.9 9.8 12.6
 Bhutan 15.9 6.2 9.7 11.2
 Bahrain 12.4 2.8 9.6 11.8
 Mongolia 15.8 6.3 9.5 18.1
 Antigua and Barbuda 15.2 5.7 9.5 9.1
 Saint Martin (France) 14.1 4.6 9.5
 Costa Rica 14.3 4.9 9.4 9.1
 South Africa 18.6 9.3 9.3 11.1
 United Arab Emirates 10.8 1.6 9.2 8.9
 Burma 16.3 7.1 9.2 9.5
 Malaysia 14.6 5.7 8.9 11.8
 Suriname 15.4 6.6 8.8 11.3
 Indonesia 15.3 6.8 8.5 11.8
 Jamaica 15.9 7.4 8.5 8.7
 Argentina 15.6 7.3 8.3 9.5
 Tunisia 14.6 6.4 8.2 11.5
 New Caledonia (France) 14.1 5.9 8.2 8.6
 Bahamas (UK) 14.6 6.4 8.2 7.3
 Turkey 14.3 6.1 8.2 10.8
 Qatar 9.3 1.4 7.9 8.5
 French Polynesia (France) 13.5 5.6 7.9 9.2
 Lebanon 13.1 5.6 7.5 13.3
 Colombia 15.2 7.7 7.5 9.5
 Anguilla (UK) 12 4.6 7.4
 Sri Lanka 13.8 6.5 7.3 9.4
 Kazakhstan 15.4 8.1 7.3 14.2
 Brazil 14 6.8 7.2 7.7
 Kosovo 14.9 8.1 6.8
 Azerbaijan 13.6 6.9 6.7 8.7
 India 16.8 10.3 6.5 11.7
 Sint Maarten (Netherlands) 12.6 6.1 6.5
 Wallis and Futuna (France) 12.3 5.8 6.5
 Iceland 13 6.6 6.4 5.4
 Faroe Islands (Denmark) 14.9 8.6 6.3
 Chile 12.8 6.5 6.3 6.3
 Falkland Islands (UK) [n 2] 10.9 4.9 6
 Peru 17.2 11.3 5.9 12.6
 New Zealand 12.8 6.9 5.9 5.7
 Mexico 13.6 7.7 5.9 11.8
 Dominica 13.9 8.1 5.8
 Cayman Islands (UK) 11.7 6 5.7
 Grenada 13.9 8.3 5.6
 Ireland 12.3 6.7 5.6 7
 British Virgin Islands (UK) 11 5.4 5.6
 Australia 12.3 6.8 5.5 6.3
 Seychelles 12.4 6.9 5.5 9
 Albania 12.7 7.3 5.4 4
 Gibraltar (UK) 13.9 8.8 5.1
 Singapore 9.1 4 5.1 4.3
 Montserrat 10.9 5.9 5
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 12.2 7.3 4.9
 Greenland (Denmark) 13.8 9 4.8
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 12.3 7.5 4.8
 North Korea 14.2 9.5 4.7
 Jersey 12.4 7.8 4.6
 Curaçao (Netherlands) 13.2 8.7 4.5
 Luxembourg 11.6 7.2 4.4 3.5
 Macau (China) 9.1 4.7 4.4
 Norway 12 8 4 3.1
 Saint Lucia 12 8.1 3.9 5
 United States 12.3 8.4 3.9 3.3
 Cyprus 10.6 6.9 3.7 3.6
 Uruguay 12.7 9.2 3.5 4.5
 Cook Islands (New Zealand) 12.6 9.1 3.5
 Palau 11.5 8.3 3.2
 Aruba 11.8 8.6 3.2 2.7
 Barbados 10.8 8 2.8 3.1
 U.S. Virgin Islands 11.6 8.8 2.8 3.3
 Trinidad and Tobago 10.8 8.4 2.4 4.8
 Thailand 10.1 7.8 2.3 2.9
 Liechtenstein 10.3 8 2.3
 France 11.7 9.5 2.2 2
 Canada 10.2 8.1 2.1 2.7
 China 9.9 7.9 2 4.8
 Switzerland 10.4 8.4 2 2.3
 Bermuda (UK) 11 9.1 1.9
 Netherlands 11 9.2 1.8 1.4
 United Kingdom 10.8 9.1 1.7 2.2
 Denmark 11.2 9.5 1.7 1
 Armenia 11.1 9.5 1.6 4.3
 Sweden 10.8 9.5 1.3 2.7
 Belgium 11 9.6 1.4 1.1
 Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (UK) 9.3 8.1 1.2
 Malta 9.7 8.5 1.2 1
 Mauritius 9.9 8.9 1 1.9
 Montenegro 11.2 10.3 0.9 1.1
 North Macedonia 10.5 9.6 0.9 1.3
 Cuba 10.1 9.3 0.8 1.3
 Guernsey (UK) 9.8 9.2 0.6
 Isle of Man (UK) 10.6 10.2 0.4
 Saint Barthelemy (France) 9.3 9 0.3
 Georgia 11 10.8 0.2 0.7
 San Marino 8.9 8.8 0.1
 Finland 10.4 10.4 0 0.4
 Hong Kong (China) 8 8 0 4.5
 South Korea 6.9 7.1 -0.2 1.5
 Austria 9.5 9.9 -0.4 0.1
 Taiwan 7.4 7.9 -0.5 0.9
 Andorra 6.9 7.9 -1
 Slovakia 8.9 10.1 -1.2 0.6
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 8.4 10.3 -1.9 -2.4
 Puerto Rico 7.9 9.8 -1.9 -2
 Slovenia 8.3 10.4 -2.1 -0.2
 Czechia 8.6 10.7 -2.1
 Poland 8.5 10.7 -2.2 -0.2
 Moldova 10.2 12.5 -2.3 -1.5
 Germany 9.1 12 -2.9 -1.7
 Portugal 8 10.9 -2.9 -2.8
 Spain 7.1 10.2 -3.1 -0.5
 Belarus 9.1 12.9 -3.8 -0.7
 Russia 9.5 13.4 -3.9 0.1
 Monaco 6.7 10.7 -4
 Croatia 8.7 12.9 -4.2
 Hungary 8.7 12.9 -4.2 -3
 Estonia 8.8 13.1 -4.3 -1.3
 Italy 7 11.3 -4.3 -2.8
 Greece 7.6 12 -4.4 -3
 Japan 7 11.6 -4.6 -2.9
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France) 6.5 11.2 -4.7
 Ukraine 9 13.8 -4.8 -5.6
 Lithuania 9.3 15.1 -5.8 -3.2
 Latvia 8.7 14.7 -6 -3.8
 Bulgaria 8.1 14.4 -6.3 -6.4
 Romania 8.8 15.3 -6.5 -3.2

Summary by region[edit]

The table below assembles history and projections for the major regions shown. The numbers show total births minus total deaths per 1,000 population for the region for each time period. The first four columns show actual rate of natural increase. The remaining columns show projections using the medium fertility variant. All numbers are from the UN Population Division.[4]

Region 1950–55 1970–75 1990–95 2010–15 2015–20 2025–30 2035–40 2045–50
 
World +17.8 +19.5 +15.2 +11.9 +10.9 +8.7 +7.0 +5.6
Africa +21.5 +27.4 +26.1 +26.4 +25.3 +22.8 +20.6 +18.1
Asia +19.3 +22.8 +16.4 +10.7 +9.3 +6.3 +3.8 +1.8
Europe +10.3 +5.5 +0.3 −0.1 −0.7 −2.1 −2.8 −3.2
Latin America & The Caribbean +27.1 +25.8 +19.0 +11.9 +10.4 +7.5 +4.9 +2.8
Northern America +14.9 +6.4 +6.6 +4.2 +4.2 +3.5 +2.0 +1.1
Oceania +15.7 +14.5 +12.2 +10.5 +9.7 +8.0 +6.4 +5.3

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ 2010 estimate
  2. ^ 2012 estimate

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Archived from the original on November 2, 2022.
  2. ^ "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Archived from the original on October 27, 2022.
  3. ^ "World Population Prospects 2019". United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs.
  4. ^ a b ""United Nations Population Div, World Population Prospects 2017, File: Rate of Natural Population Growth Rate". Archived from the original on 27 September 2016. Retrieved 23 June 2018.

See also[edit]