List of countries by natural increase

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The Natural increase in population per 1000 people, from the CIA World Factbook, 2010.

This article contains a list of countries by rate of natural increase.

Methodology[edit]

The rate of natural increase is defined as the crude birth rate minus the crude death rate. It is expressed as a rate per 1,000 population.

Countries / Regions[edit]

The birth rates[1] and death rates [2] in columns one and two are the CIA World Factbook estimates for the year 2010 unless otherwise noted. The Natural Increase Rate in column three is calculated from columns one and two.

Column four is from the UN Population Division and shows a projection for the average natural increase rate for the time period shown using the medium fertility variant. Blank cells in column four indicate lack of data.

Country or region Crude

Birth

Rate

Crude

Death

Rate

Natural

Increase

Rate

Natural

Increase

Rate

2015-20[3]

 Lesotho[4] 25.47 14.89 10.58 +14.9
 Ukraine[5] 10.50 14.40 -3.90 -4.4
 Bulgaria[5] 8.80 14.50 -5.70 -6.0
 Guinea-Bissau[4] 33.38 14.10 19.05 +25.5
 Latvia[5] 9.90 14.40 -4.60 -5.1
 Serbia[5] 9.00 13.60 -4.60 -2.2
 Hungary[6] 9.16 12.73 -3.57 -4.0
 Estonia[6] 10.29 13.69 -3.40 -1.5
 Germany[6] 8.42 11.29 -2.87 -2.5
 Slovenia[6] 8.54 11.25 -2.71 +0.1
 Belarus[5] 10.50 13.30 -2.80 -1.7
 Croatia[6] 9.49 12.13 -2.64
 Romania[6] 9.27 11.88 -2.61 -3.4
 Monaco[6] 6.72 9.01 -2.29
 Greece[6] 8.80 11.00 -2.20 -3.0
 Lithuania[5] 10.00 14.50 -4.50 -3.8
 Russia[5] 11.30 13.60 -2.30 -1.3
 Austria[6] 8.76 10.38 -1.62 +0.1
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon[6] 7.70 9.27 -1.57
 Portugal[6] 9.42 10.97 -1.55 -3.3
 Japan[6] 8.07 9.38 -1.31 -2.7
 Italy[6] 8.84 10.10 -1.26 -2.4
 Belgium[6] 9.99 10.76 -0.77 +1.6
 Bosnia and Herzegovina[6] 8.89 9.64 -0.75 -2.0
 Poland[6] 9.77 10.37 -0.60 -1.4
 Czech Republic[6] 9.79 10.29 -0.50 -0.6
 Moldova[6] 12.21 12.60 -0.39 -1.7
 Finland[6] 10.35 10.51 -0.16 +1.0
 Denmark[6] 10.22 10.23 -0.01 +1.1
 Sweden[6] 10.14 10.20 -0.06 +3.2
 Hong Kong 7.45 6.91 0.54 +4.2
 Georgia 10.70 9.79 0.91 -0.2
  Switzerland 9.56 8.65 0.91 +2.4
 Slovakia 10.55 9.56 0.99 +0.3
 San Marino 9.18 7.75 1.43
 Netherlands 10.30 8.78 1.52 +1.9
 Norway 10.90 9.26 1.64 +4.1
 Isle of Man 11.54 9.87 1.67
 Malta 10.38 8.49 1.89 +1.0
 Guernsey 10.25 8.35 1.90
 Taiwan 8.97 6.87 2.10 +1.5
 Spain 10.91 8.72 2.19 -0.6
 Liechtenstein 9.69 7.49 2.20
 Montenegro 11.09 8.76 2.33 +1.2
 Canada 10.28 7.87 2.41 +3.0
 Korea, South 8.72 6.15 2.57 +2.8
 South Africa 19.61 16.99 2.62 +11.0
 Palau 10.68 7.81 2.87
 United Kingdom 12.34 9.33 3.01 +3.1
 Macedonia 11.92 8.87 3.05 +1.3
 Luxembourg 11.70 8.46 3.24 +4.2
 Jersey 10.73 7.49 3.24
 Puerto Rico 11.42 7.82 3.60 +2.6
 Cuba 11.02 7.29 2.18 +2.5
 France 12.43 8.65 3.78 +2.6
 Andorra 10.03 6.21 3.82
 Singapore 8.65 4.80 3.85
 Montserrat 11.72 7.82 3.90
 Korea, North 14.58 10.60 3.98
 Barbados 12.43 8.39 4.04 +0.9
 Saint Helena 10.95 6.91 4.04
 Bermuda 11.47 7.43 4.04
 Faroe Islands 12.90 8.66 4.24
 Armenia 12.74 8.42 4.32 +3.2
 U.S. Virgin Islands 11.51 6.96 4.55
 Uruguay 13.67 9.06 4.61 +4.5
 Cyprus 11.38 6.42 4.96 +3.6
 Aruba 12.77 7.76 5.01 +2.1
 China 12.17 6.89 5.28 +4.1
 Macau 8.98 3.60 5.38
 United States 13.83 8.38 5.45 +4.3
 Australia 12.39 6.81 5.58 +6.1
 Albania 11.88 6.04 5.84 +4.0
 Gibraltar 14.20 8.17 6.03
 Trinidad and Tobago 14.37 8.21 6.16 +3.2
 Iceland 13.36 6.90 6.46 +6.6
 Thailand 13.01 6.47 6.54 +1.9
 Greenland 14.68 8.05 6.63
 New Zealand 13.81 7.10 6.71 +6.2
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 14.23 7.11 7.12
 Kazakhstan 16.66 9.39 7.27 +11.3
 Cayman Islands 12.29 5.00 7.29
 Netherlands Antilles 14.05 6.54 7.51
 Mauritius 14.17 6.63 7.54 +2.3
 Dominica 15.68 8.12 7.56
 Saint Lucia 14.81 6.90 7.91 +4.4
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 14.89 6.94 7.95
 Cook Islands 15.67 7.22 8.45
 Chile 14.46 5.90 8.56 +6.9
 Anguilla 13.00 4.40 8.60
 Seychelles 15.53 6.92 8.61 +7.1
 Lebanon 15.10 6.46 8.64 +10.7
 Namibia 21.82 12.97 8.85 +21.3
 Grenada 17.20 7.90 9.30 +11.1
 Bahamas, The 16.25 6.89 9.36
 Azerbaijan 17.75 8.28 9.47 +9.8
 Wallis and Futuna 14.08 4.56 9.52
 Sri Lanka 15.88 6.20 9.68 +7.8
 Ireland 16.37 6.30 10.07 +6.9
 Tunisia 15.31 5.24 10.07 +11.2
 British Virgin Islands 14.52 4.41 10.11
 Argentina 17.75 7.39 10.36 +9.3
 Guyana 17.61 7.24 10.37 +12.0
 Antigua and Barbuda 16.43 5.77 10.66
 Maldives 14.50 3.68 10.82 +14.0
 French Polynesia 15.67 4.80 10.87
 Suriname 16.61 5.53 11.08 +10.4
 Burma 19.49 8.23 11.26 +9.3
 New Caledonia 16.52 5.23 11.29
 Vietnam 17.29 5.97 11.32 +10.4
 World 19.86 8.37 11.49 +10.9
 Brazil 18.11 6.35 11.76 +7.5
 Algeria 16.71 4.66 12.05 +16.9
 Swaziland 27.12 14.99 12.13 +18.9
 Turkey 18.28 6.11 12.17 +10.0
 Indonesia 18.45 6.25 12.20 +11.2
 Uzbekistan 17.51 5.29 12.22 +14.4
 Costa Rica 16.65 4.29 12.36 +8.9
 Bhutan 19.62 7.25 12.37 +11.8
 Bahrain 16.81 4.37 12.44 +11.8
 El Salvador 18.06 5.61 12.45 +11.5
 Colombia 17.76 5.24 12.52 +8.7
 Iran 18.52 5.94 12.58 +11.1
 Tonga 17.78 4.95 12.83 +17.5
 Peru 19.00 6.13 12.87 +13.1
 Jamaica 19.47 6.48 12.99 +9.3
 Qatar 15.54 2.44 13.10 +8.4
 Paraguay 17.73 4.55 13.18 +14.9
 Turkmenistan 19.62 6.27 13.35 +16.9
 Botswana 22.54 9.02 13.52 +16.6
 Vanuatu 21.08 7.49 13.59 +20.6
 Tuvalu 23.01 9.36 13.65
 India 21.34 7.53 13.81 +11.4
 United Arab Emirates 15.98 2.08 13.90 +7.5
 Israel 21.57 5.22 16.35 +14.3
 Mexico 19.39 4.83 14.56 +12.7
 Morocco 19.40 4.74 14.66 +14.1
 Brunei 18.00 3.32 14.68 +11.7
 Haiti[6] 22.83 7.91 14.92 +15.1
 Mongolia 21.03 6.08 14.95 +16.0
 Panama 19.71 4.62 15.09 +14.0
 Venezuela 20.29 5.14 15.15 +12.9
 Cape Verde 21.67 6.41 15.26
 Ecuador 20.32 5.00 15.32 +14.6
   Nepal 22.43 6.89 15.54 +13.3
 Kiribati 23.06 7.48 15.58 +20.7
 Dominican Republic 19.90 4.30 15.60 +13.5
 Fiji 21.52 5.88 15.64 +11.6
 Saudi Arabia 19.43 3.34 16.09 +15.5
 Turks and Caicos Islands 20.44 4.17 16.27
 Malaysia 21.41 4.92 16.49 +11.9
 Zimbabwe 31.57 14.90 16.67 +23.9
 Kyrgyzstan 23.58 6.85 16.73 +17.6
 Djibouti 25.58 8.37 17.21 +14.1
 Cambodia 25.58 8.19 17.39 +16.7
 Samoa 22.92 5.36 17.56 +19.2
 Bangladesh 23.43 5.81 17.62 +13.2
 Northern Mariana Islands 21.05 3.17 17.88
 Federated States of Micronesia 22.57 4.40 18.17
 Bolivia 25.16 6.95 18.21 +15.6
 Pakistan 25.30 7.06 18.24 +20.2
 Laos 26.57 8.28 18.29 +16.6
 Nicaragua 22.77 4.28 18.49 +14.1
 American Samoa 23.05 4.09 18.96
 Ghana 28.09 8.93 19.16 +22.3
 Kuwait 21.64 2.29 19.35 +13.0
 Angola 43.33 23.74 19.59 +32.7
 Nigeria 36.07 16.31 19.76 +26.1
 Tajikistan 26.49 6.72 19.77 +22.8
 Timor-Leste 25.93 5.93 20.00 +29.0
 Egypt 25.02 4.85 20.17 +19.2
 Papua New Guinea 26.95 6.62 20.33 +20.1
 Oman 23.90 3.47 20.43 +14.8
 Afghanistan 38.11 17.65 20.46 +25.7
 Honduras 25.61 4.99 20.62 +16.5
 Philippines 25.68 5.06 20.62 +16.3
 Syria 24.44 3.70 20.74 +15.2
 Belize 26.84 5.82 21.02 +16.8
 Cote d'Ivoire 31.48 10.43 21.05 +24.6
 Tanzania 33.44 12.31 21.13 +31.2
 Libya 24.58 3.40 21.18 +13.6
 West Bank 24.91 3.62 21.29
 Central African Republic 36.79 15.30 21.49 +22.2
 Cameroon 33.58 12.01 21.57 +25.8
 Nauru 28.16 6.15 22.01
 Guatemala 27.40 5.04 22.36 +20.0
 Gabon 35.39 12.90 22.49 +21.2
 Western Sahara 32.56 9.13 23.43
 Chad 40.12 15.79 24.33 +29.9
 Jordan 27.06 2.66 24.40 +21.7
 Iraq 29.41 4.92 24.49 +27.6
 Solomon Islands 28.60 3.96 24.64 +23.3
 Mauritania 33.67 9.00 24.67 +25.7
 Sudan 36.58 11.66 24.92
 Eritrea 33.48 8.25 25.23 +24.7
 Gambia, The 37.31 12.03 25.28 +30.8
 Marshall Islands 29.94 4.42 25.52
 Kenya 35.14 9.26 25.88 +25.0
 Mozambique 38.83 12.34 26.49 +28.7
 Guinea 37.21 10.72 26.49 +26.0
 Equatorial Guinea 36.00 9.26 26.74 +23.4
 Sierra Leone 38.79 11.97 26.82 +21.7
 Rwanda 37.26 10.19 27.07 +24.3
 Yemen 34.37 7.24 27.13 +24.3
 Liberia 38.14 10.88 27.26 +26.2
 Comoros 34.71 7.40 27.31
 Malawi 41.28 13.69 27.59 +29.3
 Togo 35.88 8.15 27.73 +24.7
 Senegal 37.27 9.49 27.78 +28.9
 Somalia 43.33 15.24 28.09 +31.9
 Congo, Republic of the 41.01 11.75 29.26 +26.6
 Benin 38.67 9.23 29.44 +27.4
 Madagascar 37.89 7.97 29.92 +26.7
 Sao Tome and Principe 39.09 8.45 30.64 +26.6
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 42.26 11.39 30.87 +26.6
 Burkina Faso 43.98 13.02 30.96 +29.9
 Mali 46.09 14.64 31.45 +32.0
 Burundi 41.43 9.87 31.56 +31.1
 Mayotte 38.76 7.05 31.71 +25.8
 Zambia 44.63 12.84 31.79 +30.1
 Ethiopia 43.34 11.29 32.05 +24.4
 Gaza Strip 36.26 3.36 32.90
 Uganda 47.55 11.90 35.65 +32.9
 Niger 51.08 14.47 36.61
  • The newly formed constituent countries of  Sint Maarten and  Curaçao are included in the most recent CIA World Factbook death rate lists, but not the most recent CIA World Factbook birth rate lists, and have therefore been omitted from this list. The former entity of Netherlands Antilles, of which Sint Maarten and Curaçao were once part, is included.

Summary by region[edit]

The table below assembles history and projections for the major regions shown. The numbers show total births minus total deaths per 1,000 population for the region for each time period. The first four columns show actual rate of natural increase. The remaining columns show projections using the medium fertility variant. All numbers are from the UN Population Division.[3]

Region 1950-55 1970-75 1990-95 2010-15 2015-20 2025-30 2035-40 2045-50
World +17.8 +19.5 +15.2 +11.9 +10.9 +8.7 +7.0 +5.6
Africa +21.5 +27.4 +26.1 +26.4 +25.3 +22.8 +20.6 +18.1
Asia +19.3 +22.8 +16.4 +10.7 +9.3 +6.3 +3.8 +1.8
Europe +10.3 +5.5 +0.3 -0.1 -0.7 -2.1 -2.8 -3.2
Latin America & The Caribbean +27.1 +25.8 +19.0 +11.9 +10.4 +7.5 +4.9 +2.8
Northern America +14.9 +6.4 +6.6 +4.2 +4.2 +3.5 +2.0 +1.1
Oceania +15.7 +14.5 +12.2 +10.5 +9.7 +8.0 +6.4 +5.3

References[edit]

See also[edit]