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List of countries by number of military and paramilitary personnel

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Countries by number of active soldiers (2009)

This is a list of countries by number of military and paramilitary personnel. It includes any government-sponsored soldiers used to further the domestic and foreign policies of their respective government. The term "country" is used in its most common use, in the sense of state which exercises sovereignty or has limited recognition.

Guide to the list

Military personnel per capita

The list consists of columns that can be sorted by clicking on the appropriate title:

  • The names of the states, accompanied by their respective national flags.
  • The number of military personnel on active duty that are currently serving full-time in their military capacity.
  • The number of military personnel in the reserve forces that are not normally kept under arms, whose role is to be available to mobilize when necessary.
  • The number of personnel in paramilitary forces: armed units that are not considered part of a nation's formal military forces.
  • The total number of active, reserve, and paramilitary personnel.
  • The ratio per thousand inhabitants of total military (active, reserve, and paramilitary).
  • The ratio per thousand inhabitants of active military only.

As military forces around the world are constantly changing in size, no definitive list can ever be compiled.

Many of the 171 countries listed here, especially those with the highest number of total soldiers such as the two Koreas and Vietnam, include a large number of paramilitaries, civilians and policemen in their reserve personnel. Some countries, such as Italy and Japan, have only volunteers in their armed forces. Other countries, such as Mauritius and Panama, have no national armies, but only a paramilitary force.

Tooth-to-tail ratio

The numbers of military personnel listed include both support personnel (supplies, construction, and contracting) and actual combat personnel. For a typical country, the proportion of this total that comprises actual combat forces is about 26% (so, for every soldier there will be around three support personnel). This proportion is referred to as the "tooth-to-tail ratio".

Some countries have a considerably smaller tooth-to-tail ratio: For example, the United States Armed Forces has a tooth-to-tail ratio of 17%, meaning that for every combat unit there are around five support units.[1]

List by the International Institute for Strategic Studies

The following list is sourced from the 2019-2021 editions of "The Military Balance" published annually by the International Institute for Strategic Studies.

Flag Country Active military Reserve military Paramilitary Total Per 1,000 capita
(total)
Per 1,000 capita
(active)
Afghanistan Afghanistan[2] 178,800 0 99,000 277,800 8 5.1
Albania Albania[3] 8,000 0 0 8,000 2.6 2.6
Algeria Algeria[4] 130,000 150,000 187,200 467,200 11.2 3.1
Angola Angola[5] 107,000 0 10,000 117,000 3.9 3.5
Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda[6] 180 80 0 260 2.7 1.9
Argentina Argentina[6] 72,100 0 31,250 103,350 2.3 1.6
Armenia Armenia[7][Note 1][Note 2] 44,800 210,000 4,300 259,100 85.3 14.7
Australia Australia[8] 58,600 30,100 0 88,700 3.8 2.5
Austria Austria[9] 22,050 125,600 0 147,650 16.8 2.5
Azerbaijan Azerbaijan[10] 126,950 330,000 15,000 471,950 47 12.6
The Bahamas Bahamas[11] 1,300 0 0 1,300 3.9 3.9
Bahrain Bahrain[12] 8,200 0 11,260 19,460 13.5 5.7
Bangladesh Bangladesh[13] 163,050 0 63,900 226,950 1.4 1
Barbados Barbados[14] 610 430 0 1,040 3.6 2.1
Belarus Belarus[15] 45,350 289,500 110,000 444,850 46.7 4.8
Belgium Belgium[16] 26,300 5,100 0 31,400 2.7 2.3
Belize Belize[14] 1,500 700 150 2,350 6.1 3.9
Benin Benin[17] 7,250 0 4,800 12,050 1.1 0.6
Bolivia Bolivia[18] 34,100 0 37,100 71,200 6.3 3
Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina[19] 10,500 0 0 10,500 2.7 2.7
Botswana Botswana[20] 9,000 0 0 9,000 4 4
Brazil Brazil[21] 366,500 1,340,000 395,000 2,101,500 10.1 1.8
Brunei Brunei[22] 7,200 700 450 8,350 18.5 16
Bulgaria Bulgaria[23] 36,950 3,000 0 39,950 5.7 5.2
Burkina Faso Burkina Faso[24] 11,200 0 250 11,450 0.6 0.6
Burundi Burundi[25] 30,050 0 21,000 51,050 4.3 2.5
Cambodia Cambodia[26] 124,300 0 67,000 191,300 11.6 7.6
Cameroon Cameroon[27] 25,400 0 9,000 34,400 1.3 1
Canada Canada[28] 67,400 35,600 4,500 107,500 3 1.9
Cape Verde Cape Verde[29] 1,200 0 0 1,200 2.1 2.1
Central African Republic Central African Republic[30] 9,150 0 1,000 10,150 1.8 1.6
Chad Chad[31] 33,250 0 11,900 45,150 2.9 2.1
Chile Chile[32] 77,200 40,000 44,700 161,900 9 4.3
China China[33] 2,185,000 1,170,000 660,000 4,015,000 2.9 1.6
Colombia Colombia[34] 293,200 34,950 187,900 516,050 10.7 6.1
Costa Rica Costa Rica[35] 0 0 9,800 9,800 2 0
Ivory Coast Côte d'Ivoire[36][Note 3] 27,400 0 0 27,400 1 1
Croatia Croatia[37] 15,200 18,350 3,000 36,550 8.6 3.6
Cuba Cuba[38][Note 4] 49,000 39,000 1,146,500 1,234,500 110.9 4.4
Cyprus Cyprus[39] 15,000 50,000 750 65,750 53.1 12.1
Czech Republic Czech Republic[40] 21,750 0 0 21,750 2 2
Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo[41] 134,250 0 0 134,250 1.6 1.6
Denmark Denmark[42] 14,500 44,000 0 58,500 10.1 2.5
Djibouti Djibouti[43] 10,450 0 2,650 13,100 14.8 11.8
Dominican Republic Dominican Republic[44] 56,050 0 15,000 71,050 6.9 5.4
East Timor East Timor[45] 2,280 0 0 2,280 1.7 1.7
Ecuador Ecuador[46] 40,250 118,000 500 158,750 9.6 2.4
Egypt Egypt[47] 438,500 479,000 397,000 1,314,500 13.2 4.4
El Salvador El Salvador[48] 24,500 9,900 17,000 51,400 8.3 4
Equatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinea[49][Note 5] 1,450 0 0 1,450 1.8 1.8
Eritrea Eritrea[50] 201,750 120,000 0 321,750 53.9 33.8
Estonia Estonia[51] 7,100 17,500 0 24,600 19.8 5.7
Ethiopia Ethiopia[52] 138,000 0 0 138,000 1.3 1.3
Fiji Fiji[53] 3,500 6,000 0 9,500 10.3 3.8
Finland Finland[54] 23,800 216,000 14,200 254,000 45.9 4.3
France France[55] 203,250 41,050 130,800 375,100 5.6 3
Gabon Gabon[56] 4,700 0 2,000 6,700 3.2 2.2
The Gambia Gambia[57] 800 0 0 800 0.4 0.4
Georgia (country) Georgia[58] 20,650 0 5,400 26,050 5.3 4.2
Germany Germany[59] 183,500 30,050 0 213,550 2.7 2.3
Ghana Ghana[60] 15,500 0 0 15,500 0.6 0.6
Greece Greece[61] 142,700 221,350 4,000 368,050 34.2 13.3
Guatemala Guatemala[62] 18,050 63,850 25,000 106,900 6.4 1.1
Guinea Guinea[63] 9,700 0 2,600 12,300 1 0.8
Guinea-Bissau Guinea-Bissau[64] 4,450 0 0 4,450 2.4 2.4
Guyana Guyana[65] 3,400 670 0 4,070 5.5 4.6
Haiti Haiti[65] 150 0 50 200 0 0
Honduras Honduras[66] 14,950 60,000 8,000 82,950 9 1.6
Hungary Hungary[67] 27,800 20,000 12,000 59,800 6.1 2.8
Iceland Iceland[68] 0 0 250 250 0.7 0
India India[69] 1,455,550 1,155,000 2,526,950 5,137,500 4 1.1
Indonesia Indonesia[70] 395,500 400,000 280,000 1,075,500 4.1 1.5
Iran Iran[71][Note 6] 610,000 350,000 40,000 1,000,000 12 7.3
Iraq Iraq[72] 193,000 0 148,000 341,000 8.5 4.8
Republic of Ireland Ireland[68] 9,500 4,050 0 13,550 2.7 1.9
Israel Israel[73] 169,500 465,000 8,000 642,500 76.3 20.1
Italy Italy[74][Note 7] 165,500 18,300 175,750 359,550 5.8 2.7
Jamaica Jamaica[75] 3,950 980 0 4,930 1.8 1.4
Japan Japan[76] 247,150 56,000 14,350 317,500 2.5 2
Jordan Jordan[77] 100,500 65,000 15,000 180,500 17.3 9.6
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan[78] 39,000 0 31,500 70,500 3.8 2.1
Kenya Kenya[79] 24,100 0 5,000 29,100 0.6 0.5
Kosovo Kosovo[80] 5,000 3,000 1,500 9,500 5 2.6
Kuwait Kuwait[81] 17,500 23,700 7,100 48,300 16.6 6
Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan[82] 10,900 0 9,500 20,400 3.5 1.9
Laos Laos[83] 29,100 0 100,000 129,100 17.8 4
Latvia Latvia[84] 6,210 15,900 0 22,110 11.5 3.2
Lebanon Lebanon[85] 60,000 0 20,000 80,000 13.1 9.8
Lesotho Lesotho[86] 2,000 0 0 2,000 1 1
Liberia Liberia[87] 2,010 0 0 2,010 0.4 0.4
Libya Libya[88][Note 8] 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lithuania Lithuania[89] 19,850 6,700 14,400 40,950 14.7 7.1
Luxembourg Luxembourg[90] 900 0 600 1,500 2.5 1.5
Madagascar Madagascar[91] 13,500 0 8,100 21,600 0.8 0.5
Malawi Malawi[91] 10,700 0 4,200 14,900 0.8 0.5
Malaysia Malaysia[92][Note 9] 113,000 51,600 267,200 431,800 13.6 3.6
Mali Mali[93] 13,000 0 7,800 20,800 1.1 0.7
Malta Malta[94] 1,950 180 0 2,130 4.7 4.3
Mauritania Mauritania[95] 15,850 0 5,000 20,850 5.4 4.1
Mauritius Mauritius[96] 0 0 2,550 2,550 1.9 0
Mexico Mexico[97] 216,000 81,500 111,900 409,400 3.3 1.7
Moldova Moldova[98] 5,150 58,000 900 64,050 18.6 1.5
Mongolia Mongolia[99] 9,700 137,000 7,500 154,200 49.7 3.1
Montenegro Montenegro[100] 2,350 0 10,100 12,450 20.3 3.8
Morocco Morocco[101] 195,800 150,000 50,000 395,800 11.5 5.7
Mozambique Mozambique[96] 11,200 0 0 11,200 0.4 0.4
Myanmar Myanmar[102] 406,000 0 107,000 513,000 9.2 7.3
Namibia Namibia[103] 9,900 0 6,000 15,900 6.3 3.9
Nepal Nepal[104] 96,600 0 15,000 111,600 3.8 3.3
Netherlands Netherlands[105] 35,400 4,500 5,900 45,800 2.7 2.1
New Zealand New Zealand[106] 9,000 2,300 0 11,300 2.5 2
Nicaragua Nicaragua[107] 12,000 0 0 12,000 2 2
Niger Niger[108] 5,300 0 5,400 10,700 0.5 0.3
Nigeria Nigeria[109] 143,000 0 80,000 223,000 1.1 0.7
North Korea North Korea[110][Note 10] 1,280,000 600,000 5,889,000 7,769,000 306.1 50.4
North Macedonia North Macedonia[111] 8,000 4,850 7,600 20,450 9.7 3.8
Norway Norway[112] 23,250 40,000 0 63,250 11.8 4.3
Oman Oman[113] 42,600 0 4,400 47,000 13.5 12.2
Pakistan Pakistan[114] 654,000 550,000 291,000 1,495,000 7.2 3.1
State of Palestine Palestine[115][Note 11] 0 0 0 0 0 0
Panama Panama[116] 0 0 26,000 26,000 6.8 0
Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea[117] 3,600 0 0 3,600 0.5 0.5
Paraguay Paraguay[118] 13,950 164,500 14,800 193,250 27.5 2
Peru Peru[119] 81,000 188,000 77,000 346,000 11 2.6
Philippines Philippines[120] 143,100 131,000 62,300 336,400 3.2 1.4
Poland Poland[121] 114,050 0 75,400 189,450 4.9 3
Portugal Portugal[122] 27,250 211,700 24,700 263,650 25.5 2.6
Qatar Qatar[123] 16,500 0 5,000 21,500 9.1 7
Republic of the Congo Republic of the Congo[124] 10,000 0 2,000 12,000 2.4 2
Romania Romania[125] 69,300 50,000 57,000 176,300 8.2 3.2
Russia Russia[126][Note 12] 1,014,000 2,000,000 554,000 3,568,000 25.1 7.1
Rwanda Rwanda[127] 33,000 0 2,000 35,000 2.9 2.7
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia[128] 227,000 0 24,500 251,500 7.6 6.9
Senegal Senegal[129] 13,600 0 5,000 18,600 1.2 0.9
Serbia Serbia[130] 28,150 50,150 3,700 82,000 11.6 4
Seychelles Seychelles[131] 420 0 0 420 4.4 4.4
Sierra Leone Sierra Leone[131] 8,500 0 0 8,500 1.3 1.3
Singapore Singapore[132] 51,000 252,500 7,400 310,900 51.9 8.5
Slovakia Slovakia[80] 15,850 0 0 15,850 2.9 2.9
Slovenia Slovenia[133] 7,250 1,500 5,950 14,700 7 3.4
Somalia Somalia[134] 19,800 0 0 19,800 1.8 1.8
South Africa South Africa[135] 65,350 15,050 0 80,400 1.5 1.2
South Korea South Korea[136] 599,000 3,100,000 3,013,500 6,712,500 130.5 11.6
South Sudan South Sudan[137] 185,000 0 0 185,000 18.1 18.1
Spain Spain[138] 120,350 15,150 75,800 211,300 4.4 2.5
Sri Lanka Sri Lanka[139] 255,000 5,500 92,600 353,100 15.6 11.3
Sudan Sudan[140] 104,300 0 105,000 209,300 4.9 2.4
Suriname Suriname[141] 1,840 0 0 1,840 3.1 3.1
Sweden Sweden[142] 29,750 0 21,200 50,950 5.1 3
Switzerland Switzerland[143] 19,550 196,450 0 216,000 26 2.4
Syria Syria[144] 169,000 0 100,000 269,000 13.8 8.7
Taiwan Taiwan[145] 163,000 1,657,000 11,800 1,831,800 77.8 6.9
Tajikistan Tajikistan[146] 8,800 0 7,500 16,300 1.9 1
Tanzania Tanzania[147] 27,000 80,000 1,400 108,400 2 0.5
Thailand Thailand[148] 360,850 200,000 138,700 699,550 10.2 5.3
Togo Togo[149] 8,550 0 750 9,300 1.1 1
Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago[141] 4,050 0 0 4,050 3.3 3.3
Tunisia Tunisia[150] 35,800 0 12,000 47,800 4.2 3.1
Turkey Turkey[151] 355,200 378,700 156,800 890,700 11 4.4
Turkmenistan Turkmenistan[152] 36,500 0 5,000 41,500 7.7 6.7
Uganda Uganda[153] 45,000 10,000 1,400 56,400 1.4 1.1
Ukraine Ukraine[154] 209,000 900,000 102,000 1,211,000 27.6 4.8
United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates[155] 63,000 0 0 63,000 6.5 6.5
United Kingdom United Kingdom[156] 148,500 78,600 0 227,100 3.5 2.3
United States United States[157] 1,388,100 844,950 0 2,233,050 6.8 4.2
Uruguay Uruguay[158] 21,000 0 1,400 22,400 6.6 6.2
Uzbekistan Uzbekistan[159] 48,000 0 20,000 68,000 2.3 1.6
Venezuela Venezuela[160] 123,000 8,000 220,000 351,000 11.1 3.9
Vietnam Vietnam[161] 482,000 5,000,000 5,040,000 10,522,000 108.4 5
Yemen Yemen[162] 40,000 0 0 40,000 1.4 1.4
Zambia Zambia[163] 15,100 3,000 1,400 19,500 1.2 0.9
Zimbabwe Zimbabwe[164] 29,000 0 21,800 50,800 3.6 2.1

Not included in the list are the militaries of Abkhazia, Andorra, Artsakh, Transnistria, Bhutan, Comoros, Eswatini, Maldives, Monaco, Northern Cyprus, San Marino, Saint Kitts and Nevis, São Tomé and Príncipe, Somaliland, Tonga and Vanuatu.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The reserve military of Armenia consists mostly of ex-conscripts who have seen service within the last 15 years.
  2. ^ Does not include Army forces of Artsakh, which has an Armenian backed army.
  3. ^ Size of paramilitary is not known
  4. ^ The reserve paramilitary of Cuba consists of the Youth Labour Army, Civil Defence and Territorial Troops Militia and count 1,120,000 units. Ready reserves serve 45 days per year.
  5. ^ Size of paramilitary is not known
  6. ^ The Basij, a paramilitary militia with claimed membership of 12.6 million (including women and children), can after mobilization reach about 600,000 people able to fight.
  7. ^ The paramilitary forces of Italy consists of the Carabinieri and the Guardia di Finanza.
  8. ^ No data due to the ongoing civil war.
  9. ^ The paramilitary forces of Malaysia includes 240,000 reservists from the People's Volunteer Corps.
  10. ^ The Worker-Peasant Red Guards count 5,700,000 units and are used as a reserve paramilitary.
  11. ^ Precise personnel-strength figures for the various Palestinian groups are not known.
  12. ^ The potential reserve personnel of Russia may be as high as 20 million, depending on how the figures are counted. However, an est. 2 million have seen military service within the last 5 years.

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Bibliography

Further reading