Page semi-protected

List of countries by number of military and paramilitary personnel

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Countries by number of active soldiers (2009)

This is a list of countries by number of military and paramilitary personnel. It includes any government-sponsored soldiers used to further the domestic and foreign policies of their respective government. The term "country" is used in its most common use, in the sense of state which exercises sovereignty or has limited recognition.

Guide to the list

The list consists of columns that can be sorted by clicking on the appropriate title:

  • The names of the states, accompanied by their respective national flags.
  • The number of military personnel on active duty that are currently serving full-time in their military capacity.
  • The number of military personnel in the reserve forces that are not normally kept under arms, whose role is to be available to mobilize when necessary.
  • The number of personnel in paramilitary forces: armed units that are not considered part of a nation's formal military forces.
  • The total number of active, reserve, and paramilitary personnel.
  • The ratio per thousand inhabitants of total military (active, reserve, and paramilitary).
  • The ratio per thousand inhabitants of active military only.

As military forces around the world are constantly changing in size, no definitive list can ever be compiled.

Many of the 171 countries listed here, especially those with the highest number of total soldiers such as the two Koreas and Vietnam, include a large number of paramilitaries, civilians and policemen in their reserve personnel. Some countries, such as Italy and Japan, have only volunteers in their armed forces. Other countries, such as Mauritius and Panama, have no national armies, but only a paramilitary force.

List

The following list is sourced from the 2018 edition of "The Military Balance" published annually by the International Institute for Strategic Studies.

Flag Country Active military Reserve military Paramilitary Total Per 1000 capita
(total)
Per 1000 capita
(active)
Afghanistan Afghanistan[1] 174,300 0 148,700 323,000 9.5 5.1
Albania Albania[2] 8,000 0 500 8,500 2.8 2.6
Algeria Algeria[3] 130,000 150,000 187,200 467,200 11.4 3.2
Angola Angola[4] 107,000 0 10,000 117,000 4 3.7
Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda[5] 180 80 0 260 2.7 1.9
Argentina Argentina[6] 74,200 0 31,250 105,450 2.4 1.7
Armenia Armenia[7][Note 1][Note 2] 44,800 210,000 4,300 259,100 85.1 14.7
Australia Australia[8] 57,800 21,100 0 78,900 3.4 2.5
Austria Austria[9] 22,400 152,200 0 174,600 19.9 2.6
Azerbaijan Azerbaijan[10] 66,950 300,000 15,000 381,950 38.3 6.7
The Bahamas Bahamas[11] 1,300 0 0 1,300 3.9 3.9
Bahrain Bahrain[12] 8,200 0 11,260 19,460 13.8 5.8
Bangladesh Bangladesh[13] 157,050 0 63,900 220,950 1.4 1
Barbados Barbados[14] 610 430 0 1,040 3.6 2.1
Belarus Belarus[15] 45,350 289,500 110,000 444,850 46.6 4.7
Belgium Belgium[16] 28,800 5,000 0 33,800 2.9 2.5
Belize Belize[17] 1,500 700 150 2,350 6.5 4.2
Benin Benin[18] 7,250 0 2,500 9,750 0.9 0.7
Bolivia Bolivia[19] 34,100 0 37,100 71,200 6.4 3.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina[20] 10,500 0 0 10,500 2.7 2.7
Botswana Botswana[21] 24,000 849,000 0 873,000 372.1 10.2[22]
Brazil Brazil[23] 334,500 1,340,000 395,000 2,069,500 10 1.6
Brunei Brunei[24] 7,200 700 4,900 12,800 28.9 16.2
Bulgaria Bulgaria[25] 31,300 3,000 0 34,300 4.8 4.4
Burkina Faso Burkina Faso[26] 11,200 0 250 11,450 0.6 0.6
Burundi Burundi[27] 30,050 0 21,000 51,050 4.5 2.6
Cambodia Cambodia[28] 124,300 0 67,000 191,300 11.8 7.7
Cameroon Cameroon[29] 14,400 0 9,000 23,400 0.9 0.6
Canada Canada[30] 63,000 30,000 4,500 97,500 2.7 1.8
Cape Verde Cape Verde[31] 1,200 0 0 1,200 2.1 2.1
Central African Republic Central African Republic[32] 7,150 0 1,000 8,150 1.4 1.3
Chad Chad[33] 30,350 0 9,500 39,850 3.3 2.5
Chile Chile[34] 77,200 40,000 44,700 161,900 9.1 4.3
China China[35] 2,035,000 510,000 660,000 3,205,000 2.3 1.5
Colombia Colombia[36] 293,200 34,950 187,900 516,050 10.8 6.1
Costa Rica Costa Rica[37] 0 0 9,800 9,800 2 0
Ivory Coast Côte d'Ivoire[38] 25,400 0 0 25,400 1.1 1.1
Croatia Croatia[39] 15,650 0 3,000 18,650 4.3 3.6
Cuba Cuba[40][Note 3] 49,000 1,159,000 26,500 1,234,500 110.7 4.4
Cyprus Cyprus[41] 15,000 50,000 750 65,750 53.8 12.3
Czech Republic Czech Republic[42] 23,200 0 0 23,200 2.2 2.2
Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo[43] 134,250 0 0 134,250 1.6 1.6
Denmark Denmark[44] 16,100 45,700 0 61,800 11 2.9
Djibouti Djibouti[45] 10,450 0 2,650 13,100 15.1 12.1
Dominican Republic Dominican Republic[46] 56,050 0 15,000 71,050 6.6 5.2
Ecuador Ecuador[47] 40,250 118,000 500 158,750 9.7 2.5
Egypt Egypt[48] 438,500 479,000 397,000 1,314,500 13.5 4.5
El Salvador El Salvador[49] 24,500 9,900 17,000 51,400 8.3 4
Equatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinea[50] 1,450 0 0 1,450 1.9 1.9
Eritrea Eritrea[51] 201,750 120,000 0 321,750 54.8 34.4
Estonia Estonia[52] 6,600 12,000 15,800 34,400 27.5 5.3
Ethiopia Ethiopia[53] 138,000 0 0 138,000 1.3 1.3
Fiji Fiji[54] 3,500 6,000 0 9,500 10.3 3.8
Finland Finland[55][56][Note 4] 21,500 227,500 2,700 251,700 45.6 3.9
France France[57] 202,700 72,300 103,400 378,400 5.6 3
Gabon Gabon[58] 4,700 0 2,000 6,700 3.8 2.7
The Gambia Gambia[59] 800 0 0 800 0.4 0.4
Georgia (country) Georgia[60] 20,650 0 5,400 26,050 5.3 4.2
Germany Germany[61] 178,600 27,900 500 207,000 2.6 2.2
Ghana Ghana[62] 15,500 0 0 15,500 0.6 0.6
Greece Greece[63] 141,350 220,500 4,000 365,850 34 13.1
Guatemala Guatemala[64] 18,050 63,850 25,000 106,900 6.9 1.2
Guinea Guinea[65] 9,700 0 2,600 12,300 1 0.8
Guinea-Bissau Guinea-Bissau[66] 4,450 0 0 4,450 2.5 2.5
Guyana Guyana[67] 3,400 670 0 4,070 5.5 4.6
Haiti Haiti[68] 150 0 50 200 0 0
Honduras Honduras[69] 14,950 60,000 8,000 82,950 9.2 1.7
Hungary Hungary[70] 27,800 44,000 12,000 83,800 8.5 2.8
Iceland Iceland[71] 0 0 250 250 0.7 0
India India[72] 1,395,100 2,096,000 1,585,950 5,077,050 4 1.1
Indonesia Indonesia[73] 395,500 400,000 280,000 1,075,500 4.1 1.5
Iran Iran[74][Note 5] 523,000 350,000 40,000 913,000 11.1 6.4
Iraq Iraq[75] 64,000 0 145,000 209,000 5.3 1.6
Republic of Ireland Ireland[76] 9,100 2,480 0 11,580 2.3 1.8
Israel Israel[77] 176,500 465,000 8,000 649,500 78.3 21.3
Italy Italy[78][Note 6] 174,500 18,300 182,350 375,150 6 2.8
Jamaica Jamaica[79] 3,950 980 0 4,930 1.6 1.3
Japan Japan[80] 247,150 56,000 13,740 316,890 2.5 2
Jordan Jordan[81] 100,500 100,000 15,000 215,500 21 9.8
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan[82] 39,000 0 31,500 70,500 3.8 2.1
Kenya Kenya[83] 24,100 0 5,000 29,100 0.6 0.5
Kosovo Kosovo[84] 2,500 800 0 3,300 1.7 1.3
Kuwait Kuwait[85] 15,500 23,700 7,100 46,300 16.1 5.4
Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan[86] 10,900 0 9,500 20,400 3.5 1.9
Laos Laos[87] 29,100 0 100,000 129,100 18.1 4.1
Latvia Latvia[88] 5,310 7,850 0 13,160 6.8 2.7
Lebanon Lebanon[89] 60,000 0 20,000 80,000 12.8 9.6
Lesotho Lesotho[90] 2,000 0 0 2,000 1 1
Liberia Liberia[91] 2,100 0 0 2,100 0.4 0.4
Libya Libya[92][Note 7] 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lithuania Lithuania[93] 18,350 6,700 11,300 36,350 12.9 6.5
Luxembourg Luxembourg[94] 900 0 600 1,500 2.5 1.5
Madagascar Madagascar[95] 13,500 0 8,100 21,600 0.9 0.5
Malawi Malawi[96] 10,700 0 4,200 14,900 0.8 0.6
Malaysia Malaysia[97][Note 8] 109,000 296,300 24,600 429,900 13.7 3.5
Mali Mali[98] 10,000 0 7,800 17,800 1 0.6
Malta Malta[99] 1,950 180 0 2,130 5.1 4.7
Mauritania Mauritania[100] 15,850 0 5,000 20,850 5.5 4.2
Mauritius Mauritius[101] 0 0 2,550 2,550 1.9 0
Mexico Mexico[102] 277,150 81,500 58,900 417,550 3.4 2.2
Moldova Moldova[103] 5,150 58,000 2,400 65,550 18.9 1.5
Mongolia Mongolia[104] 9,700 137,000 7,500 154,200 50.3 3.2
Montenegro Montenegro[105] 1,950 0 10,100 12,050 18.8 3
Morocco Morocco[106] 195,800 150,000 50,000 395,800 11.6 5.8
Mozambique Mozambique[107] 11,200 0 0 11,200 0.4 0.4
Myanmar Myanmar[108] 406,000 0 107,250 513,250 9.3 7.4
Namibia Namibia[109] 9,900 0 6,000 15,900 6.4 4
Nepal Nepal[110] 96,600 0 62,000 158,600 5.4 3.3
Netherlands Netherlands[111] 35,410 4,660 5,900 45,970 2.7 2.1
New Zealand New Zealand[112] 9,000 2,300 0 11,300 2.5 2
Nicaragua Nicaragua[113] 12,000 0 0 12,000 2 2
Niger Niger[114] 5,300 0 5,400 10,700 0.6 0.3
Nigeria Nigeria[115] 118,000 0 82,000 200,000 1 0.6
North Korea North Korea[116][Note 9] 1,280,000 6,300,000 189,000 7,769,000 307.7 50.7
Norway Norway[117] 23,950 38,590 0 62,540 11.8 4.5
Oman Oman[118] 42,600 0 4,400 47,000 13.7 12.4
Pakistan Pakistan[119] 653,800 0 282,000 935,800 4.6 3.2
State of Palestine Palestine[120][Note 10] 0 0 0 0 0 0
Panama Panama[121] 0 0 22,050 22,050 5.9 0
Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea[122] 3,600 0 0 3,600 0.5 0.5
Paraguay Paraguay[123] 10,650 164,500 14,800 189,950 27.4 1.5
Peru Peru[124] 81,000 188,000 77,000 346,000 11.1 2.6
Philippines Philippines[125] 125,000 181,000 40,500 346,500 3.3 1.2
Poland Poland[126] 105,000 0 73,400 178,400 4.6 2.7
Portugal Portugal[127] 30,500 211,950 44,000 286,450 26.4 2.8
Qatar Qatar[128] 11,800 0 5,000 16,800 7.3 5.1
Republic of Macedonia Republic of Macedonia[129] 8,000 4,850 7,600 20,450 9.7 3.8
Republic of the Congo Republic of the Congo[130] 10,000 0 2,000 12,000 2.4 2
Romania Romania[131] 69,300 50,000 79,900 199,200 9.3 3.2
Russia Russia[132][Note 11] 900,000 2,000,000 554,000 3,454,000 24.3 6.3
Rwanda Rwanda[133] 33,000 0 2,000 35,000 2.9 2.8
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia[134] 227,000 0 24,500 251,500 8.8 7.9
Senegal Senegal[135] 13,600 0 5,000 18,600 1.3 0.9
Serbia Serbia[136] 28,150 50,150 3,700 82,000 11.5 4
Seychelles Seychelles[137] 420 0 0 420 4.5 4.5
Sierra Leone Sierra Leone[138] 8,500 0 0 8,500 1.4 1.4
Singapore Singapore[139] 72,500 312,500 19,900 404,900 68.8 12.3
Slovakia Slovakia[140] 15,850 0 0 15,850 2.9 2.9
Slovenia Slovenia[141] 7,250 1,760 5,950 14,960 7.6 3.7
Somalia Somalia[142] 19,800 0 0 19,800 1.8 1.8
South Africa South Africa[143] 66,350 15,050 0 81,400 1.5 1.2
South Korea South Korea[144] 625,000 6,100,000 9,000 6,734,000 131.6 12.2
Spain Spain[145] 121,200 15,450 76,750 213,400 4.4 2.5
Sri Lanka Sri Lanka[146] 243,000 35,900 62,200 341,100 15.2 10.8
South Sudan South Sudan[147] 185,000 0 0 185,000 14.2 14.2
Sudan Sudan[148] 104,300 85,000 20,000 209,300 5.6 2.8
Suriname Suriname[149] 1,840 0 100 1,940 3.3 3.1
Sweden Sweden[150] 29,750 0 21,950 51,700 5.2 3
Switzerland Switzerland[151] 20,950 218,270 0 239,220 29 2.5
Syria Syria[152] 142,500 0 150,000 292,500 16.2 7.9
Taiwan Taiwan[153] 215,000 1,657,000 11,450 1,883,450 80.1 9.1
Tajikistan Tajikistan[154] 8,800 0 7,500 16,300 1.9 1
Tanzania Tanzania[155] 27,000 80,000 1,400 108,400 2 0.5
Thailand Thailand[156] 360,850 245,000 93,700 699,550 10.2 5.3
East Timor Timor Leste[157] 1,330 0 0 1,330 1 1
Togo Togo[158] 8,550 0 750 9,300 1.2 1.1
Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago[159] 4,050 0 0 4,050 3.3 3.3
Tunisia Tunisia[160] 35,800 0 12,000 47,800 4.2 3.1
Turkey Turkey[161] 355,200 378,700 156,800 890,700 11 4.4
Turkmenistan Turkmenistan[162] 36,500 0 5,000 41,500 7.8 6.8
Uganda Uganda[163] 45,000 10,000 1,400 56,400 1.4 1.1
Ukraine Ukraine[164] 204,000 900,000 88,000 1,192,000 27.1 4.6
United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates[165] 63,000 0 0 63,000 10.4 10.4
United Kingdom United Kingdom[166] 150,250 82,650 0 232,900 3.6 2.3
United States United States[167] 1,348,400 857,950 0 2,206,350 6.8 4.2
Uruguay Uruguay[168] 24,650 0 800 25,450 7.6 7.3
Uzbekistan Uzbekistan[169] 48,000 0 20,000 68,000 2.3 1.6
Venezuela Venezuela[170] 123,000 8,000 220,000 351,000 11.2 3.9
Vietnam Vietnam[171] 482,000 5,000,000 40,000 5,522,000 57.4 5
Yemen Yemen[172] 20,000 0 0 20,000 0.7 0.7
Zambia Zambia[173] 15,100 3,000 1,400 19,500 1.2 0.9
Zimbabwe Zimbabwe[174] 29,000 0 21,800 50,800 3.7 2.1

Not included in the list are the militaries of Abkhazia, Andorra, Bhutan, Northern Cyprus, Maldives, Monaco, Artsakh, San Marino, Saint Kitts and Nevis, São Tomé and Príncipe, Somaliland, Swaziland, Tonga and Vanuatu.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The reserve military of Armenia consists mostly of ex-conscripts who have seen service within the last 15 years.
  2. ^ Does not include Army forces of Artsakh, which has an Armenian backed army.
  3. ^ The reserve paramilitary of Cuba consists of the Youth Labour Army, Civil Defence and Territorial Troops Militia and count 1,120,000 units. Ready reserves serve 45 days per year.
  4. ^ Finnish Defence Forces has a ~33,400 active strength, a wartime strength of ~280,000, with a total reserve of ~900,000
  5. ^ The paramilitary forces of Iran largely consists of the Basij, a paramilitary militia with claimed membership of 12.6 million (including women and children), which after mobilization can reach about 1,000,000 people able to fight.
  6. ^ The paramilitary forces of Italy consists of the Carabinieri and the Guardia di Finanza.
  7. ^ No data due to the ongoing civil war.
  8. ^ The paramilitary forces of Malaysia includes 240,000 reservists from the People's Volunteer Corps.
  9. ^ The Worker-Peasant Red Guards count 5,700,000 units and are used as a reserve paramilitary.
  10. ^ Precise personnel-strength figures for the various Palestinian groups are not known.
  11. ^ The potential reserve personnel of Russia may be as high as 20 million, depending on how the figures are counted. However, an est. 2 million have seen military service within the last 5 years.

References

  1. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 240
  2. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 82
  3. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 325
  4. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 445
  5. ^ IISS 2018, p. 383
  6. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 383
  7. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 181
  8. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 241
  9. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 83
  10. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 182
  11. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 386
  12. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 327
  13. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 244
  14. ^ IISS 2018, p. 387
  15. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 185
  16. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 85
  17. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 387
  18. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 446
  19. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 388
  20. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 87
  21. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 447-448
  22. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Botswana_Defence_Force
  23. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 390
  24. ^ IISS 2018, p. 247
  25. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 88
  26. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 448-449
  27. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 449-450
  28. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 248
  29. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 451
  30. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 43
  31. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 452
  32. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 453
  33. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 454
  34. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 394
  35. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 249-250
  36. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 397
  37. ^ IISS 2018, p. 400
  38. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 456
  39. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 90
  40. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 400-401
  41. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 92
  42. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 94
  43. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 457
  44. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 96
  45. ^ IISS 2016, pp. 459
  46. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 402
  47. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 403
  48. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 329
  49. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 405-406
  50. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 460
  51. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 461
  52. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 98
  53. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 462
  54. ^ IISS 2018, p. 259-260
  55. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 99-100
  56. ^ Kotimaa. "900 000 suomalaista saa pian postia armeijalta – HS kertoo reserviläiskirjeen sisällön - Kotimaa - Helsingin Sanomat". Hs.fi. Retrieved 2017-02-18.
  57. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 102
  58. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 463
  59. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 464-465
  60. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 186-187
  61. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 107-108
  62. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 465
  63. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 111
  64. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 407
  65. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 466-467
  66. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 467-468
  67. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 408
  68. ^ IISS 2018, p. 409
  69. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 409-410
  70. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 114
  71. ^ IISS 2018, p. 116
  72. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 260
  73. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 266-267
  74. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 333-334
  75. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 337-338
  76. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 116-117
  77. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 339-340
  78. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 118
  79. ^ IISS 2018, p. 411
  80. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 270
  81. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 343
  82. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 188
  83. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 468
  84. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 145
  85. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 345
  86. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 190
  87. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 281
  88. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 122
  89. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 347
  90. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 470
  91. ^ IISS 2018, p. 470
  92. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 349
  93. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 124
  94. ^ IISS 2018, p. 125-126
  95. ^ IISS 2018, p. 471
  96. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 472
  97. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 282
  98. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 473
  99. ^ IISS 2018, p. 127
  100. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 350
  101. ^ IISS 2018, p. 474
  102. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 411-412
  103. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 191
  104. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 285
  105. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 128
  106. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 351-352
  107. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 475
  108. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 286-287
  109. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 476
  110. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 288
  111. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 130
  112. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 289-290
  113. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 414
  114. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 477
  115. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 478
  116. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 274-275
  117. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 132-133
  118. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 354
  119. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 291
  120. ^ IISS 2018, p. 398
  121. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 415
  122. ^ IISS 2018, p. 294
  123. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 416
  124. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 417-418
  125. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 295
  126. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 135
  127. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 138
  128. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 357
  129. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 126
  130. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 455
  131. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 140
  132. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 192
  133. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 480
  134. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 358-359
  135. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 481
  136. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 143
  137. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 482-483
  138. ^ IISS 2018, p. 483
  139. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 297-298
  140. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 145
  141. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 147
  142. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 484
  143. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 485
  144. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 277-278
  145. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 148
  146. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 300-301
  147. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 487
  148. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 488-489
  149. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 420-420
  150. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 152
  151. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 154-155
  152. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 361-362
  153. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 302
  154. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 207
  155. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 490-491
  156. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 305
  157. ^ IISS 2018, p. 308
  158. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 492
  159. ^ IISS 2018, p. 421
  160. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 365-366
  161. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 156-157
  162. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 208
  163. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 493
  164. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 209-210
  165. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 367
  166. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 160-161
  167. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 46
  168. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 422
  169. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 214
  170. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 423-424
  171. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 309
  172. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 370
  173. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 494
  174. ^ IISS 2017, pp. 495-496

Bibliography

Further reading