List of countries by number of military and paramilitary personnel

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Countries by number of active troops (2009)

This is a list of countries by number of troops. It includes any government-sponsored troops used to further the domestic and foreign policies of their respective government. The term "country" is used in the sense of state which exercises sovereignty or has limited recognition.

The list consists of following columns and can be sorted by any of them, by simply clicking on the appropriate title:

  • The names of the states, accompanied by their respective national flags.
  • The military members on active duty, that are currently serving full time in their military capacity.
  • The troops of the reserve force, that are not normally kept under arms and their main role is be available to fight when a nation mobilizes for emergency.
  • The paramilitary forces, armed units that are not considered part of a nation's formal military forces.
  • The total number of troops, and the ratio per thousand inhabitants.

These numbers are approximations as military forces around the world are constantly changing in size.

Many of the 172 countries listed here, especially those with the highest number of total troops, such as the two Koreas and Vietnam, include a large number of paramilitaries, civilians and policemen into their reserve personnel. This is not the case of Russia, which still maintains reserve obligation from the days of the Soviet Union, in that its 20 million reservists includes only trained troops who have served during their life in the armed forces and must remain available until the age of 50 years. Some countries, such as Italy and Japan, have only volunteers into their armed forces; while others, such as Iceland and Panama, have no national armies, but only a paramilitary force.

List

Flag State Active Reserve Paramilitary Total Total per 1000 capita Active per 1000 capita
Afghanistan Afghanistan[1] 93,800 0 0 93,800 3.3 3.3
Albania Albania[2] 14,295 0 500 14,795 4.1 3.9
Algeria Algeria[3] 147,000 150,000 187,200 484,200 14.2 4.3
Angola Angola[4] 107,000 0 10,000 117,000 9.1 8.4
Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda[5] 170 75 0 245 2.9 2
Argentina Argentina[6] 73,100 0 31,240 104,340 2.6 1.8
Armenia Armenia[7] 46,684 210,000 4,748 261,432 88.1 15.7
Australia Australia[8] 54,747 19,915 0 74,662 3.5 2.6
Austria Austria[9] 27,300 195,000 9,400 231,700 28.2 3.3
Azerbaijan Azerbaijan[10] 66,940 300,000 15,000 381,940 46.4 8.1
The Bahamas Bahamas[11] 860 0 0 860 2.8 2.8
Bahrain Bahrain[12] 8,200 0 11,260 19,460 26.7 11.3
Bangladesh Bangladesh[13] 157,053 0 63,900 220,953 1.4 1
Barbados Barbados[14] 610 430 0 1,040 3.7 2.1
Belarus Belarus[15] 72,940 289,500 110,000 472,440 49 7.6
Belgium Belgium[16] 38,452 2,040 0 40,492 3.9 3.7
Belize Belize[17] 1,050 700 0 1,750 5.7 3.4
Benin Benin[18] 4,750 0 2,500 7,250 0.8 0.5
Bolivia Bolivia[19] 46,100 0 37,100 83,200 8.5 4.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina[20] 11,099 0 0 11,099 2.4 2.4
Botswana Botswana[21] 9,000 0 1,500 10,500 5.3 4.5
Brazil Brazil[22] 327,710 1,340,000 395,000 2,062,710 10.4 1.6
Brunei Brunei[23] 7,000 700 2,250 9,950 25.6 18
Bulgaria Bulgaria[24] 34,975 302,500 34,000 371,475 51.6 4.9
Burkina Faso Burkina Faso[25] 11,200 0 250 11,450 0.7 0.7
Burundi Burundi[26] 20,000 0 31,050 51,050 5.4 2.1
Cambodia Cambodia[27] 124,300 0 67,000 191,300 13.2 8.6
Cameroon Cameroon[28] 14,100 0 9,000 23,100 1.2 0.7
Canada Canada[29] 65,722 33,967 4,554 104,243 3.1 2
Cape Verde Cape Verde[30] 1,200 0 0 1,200 2.8 2.8
Central African Republic Central African Republic[31] 2,150 0 1,000 3,150 0.7 0.5
Chad Chad[32] 25,350 0 9,500 34,850 3.4 2.5
Chile Chile[33] 60,560 40,000 41,500 142,060 8.6 3.6
China China[34] 2,285,000 510,000 660,000 3,455,000 2.6 1.7
Colombia Colombia[35] 285,220 61,900 144,097 491,217 11.2 6.5
Costa Rica Costa Rica[36] 0 0 9,800 9,800 2.3 0
Croatia Croatia[37] 18,600 21,000 3,000 42,600 9.5 4.1
Cuba Cuba[38][note a] 49,000 1,159,000 26,500 1,234,500 107.8 4.3
Cyprus Cyprus[39] 10,050 50,000 750 60,800 56 9.3
Czech Republic Czech Republic[40] 17,932 0 10,988 28,920 2.8 1.8
Ivory Coast Côte d'Ivoire[41] 17,050 10,000 1,500 28,550 1.4 0.8
Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo[42] 151,251 0 1,400 152,651 2.2 2.2
Denmark Denmark[43] 26,585 53,507 0 80,092 14.6 4.8
Djibouti Djibouti[44] 10,450 0 2,500 12,950 17.9 14.4
Dominican Republic Dominican Republic[45] 49,910 0 15,000 64,910 6.7 5.2
Ecuador Ecuador[46] 57,983 118,000 400 176,383 12.1 4
Egypt Egypt[47] 468,500 479,000 397,000 1,344,500 17 5.9
El Salvador El Salvador[48] 15,500 9,900 17,000 42,400 5.9 2.2
Equatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinea[49] 1,320 0 2,000 3,320 5.2 2.1
Eritrea Eritrea[50] 201,750 120,000 0 321,750 57 35.7
Estonia Estonia[51] 4,750 25,000 10,766 40,516 31.2 3.7
Ethiopia Ethiopia[52] 138,000 0 0 138,000 1.6 1.6
Fiji Fiji[53] 3,500 6,000 0 9,500 10.1 3.7
Finland Finland[54][note b] 22,600 361,500 7,550 391,650 74.6 4.3
France France[55][note c] 352,771 70,300 46,390 469,461 7.3 5.5
Gabon Gabon[56] 4,700 0 2,000 6,700 4.4 3.1
The Gambia Gambia[57] 800 0 0 800 0.4 0.4
Georgia (country) Georgia[58] 21,150 0 11,700 32,850 7.5 4.8
Germany Germany[59] 250,613 161,812 0 412,425 5 3
Ghana Ghana[60] 15,500 0 0 15,500 0.6 0.6
Greece Greece[61] 156,600 237,500 4,000 398,100 37.1 14.6
Guatemala Guatemala[62] 15,212 63,863 18,536 97,611 7.4 1.1
Guinea Guinea[63] 12,300 0 7,000 19,300 1.9 1.2
Guinea-Bissau Guinea-Bissau[64] 4,450 0 2,000 6,450 4.2 2.9
Guyana Guyana[65] 1,100 670 1,500 3,270 4.3 1.5
Haiti Haiti[66] 0 0 2,000 2,000 0.2 0
Honduras Honduras[67] 12,000 60,000 8,000 80,000 10.2 1.5
Hungary Hungary[68] 29,450 44,000 12,000 85,450 8.6 3
Iceland Iceland[69] 0 0 130 130 0.4 0
India India[70][note d] 1,325,000 2,142,821 1,300,586 4,768,407 4.1 1.1
Indonesia Indonesia[71] 302,000 400,000 280,000 982,000 4.1 1.3
Iran Iran[72][note e] 523,000 1,800,000 60,000 2,383,000 35.9 7.9
Iraq Iraq[73] 191,957 0 386,312 578,269 20 6.6
Republic of Ireland Ireland[74] 10,460 14,875 0 25,335 6 2.5
Israel Israel[75] 176,500 565,000 8,050 749,550 103.6 24.4
Italy Italy[76][note f] 293,202 41,867 142,933 478,002 8.2 5
Jamaica Jamaica[77] 2,830 953 0 3,783 1.3 1
Japan Japan[78] 230,300 41,800 12,250 284,350 2.2 1.8
Jordan Jordan[79] 100,500 65,000 10,000 175,500 28 16
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan[80] 49,000 0 31,500 80,500 5.2 3.2
Kenya Kenya[81] 24,120 0 5,000 29,120 0.7 0.6
Kuwait Kuwait[82] 15,500 23,700 7,100 46,300 17.2 5.8
Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan[83] 10,900 0 9,500 20,400 3.8 2
Laos Laos[84] 29,100 0 100,000 129,100 18.9 4.3
Latvia Latvia[85][note g] 5,745 10,866 0 16,611 7.4 2.6
Lebanon Lebanon[86] 59,100 232,635 20,000 311,735 77.6 14.7
Lesotho Lesotho[87] 2,000 0 0 2,000 0.9 0.9
Liberia Liberia[88] 2,400 0 0 2,400 0.7 0.7
Libya Libya[89] 76,000 40,000 0 116,000 18.3 12
Lithuania Lithuania[90] 8,850 6,700 14,600 30,150 8.5 2.5
Luxembourg Luxembourg[91] 900 0 612 1,512 3.1 1.8
Madagascar Madagascar[92] 13,500 0 8,100 21,600 1 0.7
Malawi Malawi[93] 5,300 0 1,500 6,800 0.5 0.4
Malaysia Malaysia[94][note h] 109,000 296,300 24,600 429,900 16.7 4.2
Mali Mali[95] 7,350 0 7,800 15,150 1.1 0.5
Malta Malta[96] 1,954 167 0 2,121 5.2 4.8
Mauritania Mauritania[97] 15,870 0 5,000 20,870 6.7 5.1
Mauritius Mauritius[98] 0 0 2,000 2,000 1.6 0
Mexico Mexico[99] 267,506 39,899 36,500 343,905 3.1 2.4
Moldova Moldova[100] 5,998 66,000 2,379 74,377 17.2 1.4
Mongolia Mongolia[101] 10,000 137,000 7,200 154,200 50.7 3.3
Montenegro Montenegro[102] 3,127 0 10,100 13,227 19.7 4.7
Morocco Morocco[103] 195,800 150,000 50,000 395,800 12.7 6.3
Mozambique Mozambique[104] 11,200 0 0 11,200 0.5 0.5
Myanmar Myanmar[105] 406,000 0 107,250 513,250 10.7 8.4
Namibia Namibia[106] 9,200 0 6,000 15,200 7.2 4.4
Nepal Nepal[107] 95,753 0 62,000 157,753 5.5 3.4
Netherlands Netherlands[108] 46,882 3,339 0 50,221 3 2.8
New Zealand New Zealand[109] 9,702 2,249 0 11,951 2.8 2.3
Nicaragua Nicaragua[110] 12,000 0 0 12,000 2 2
Niger Niger[111] 5,300 0 5,400 10,700 0.7 0.3
Nigeria Nigeria[112] 80,000 0 82,000 162,000 1.1 0.5
North Korea North Korea[113][note i] 1,106,000 8,200,000 189,000 9,495,000 418.9 48.8
Northern Cyprus Northern Cyprus[114] 5,000 26,000 150 31,150 117.5 18.9
Norway Norway[115] 24,025 45,250 0 69,275 14.9 5.2
Oman Oman[116] 42,600 0 4,400 47,000 13.8 12.5
Pakistan Pakistan[117] 617,000 0 304,000 921,000 5.3 3.5
State of Palestine Palestine[118][note j] 0 0 56,000 56,000 14 0
Panama Panama[119] 0 0 12,000 12,000 3.6 0
Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea[120] 3,100 0 0 3,100 0.5 0.5
Paraguay Paraguay[121] 10,650 164,500 14,800 189,950 27.2 1.5
Peru Peru[122][note k] 114,000 195,000 77,000 386,000 13.1 3.9
Philippines Philippines[123][note l] 120,000 171,000 40,500 331,500 3.4 1.2
Poland Poland[124] 71,900 0 28,100 100,000 2.6 1.9
Portugal Portugal[125] 43,330 210,900 47,700 301,930 28.2 4
Qatar Qatar[126] 11,800 0 0 11,800 13.4 13.4
Republic of Macedonia Republic of Macedonia[127] 8,000 4,850 0 12,850 6.2 3.9
Republic of the Congo Republic of the Congo[128] 10,000 0 2,000 12,000 3 2.5
Romania Romania[129] 73,350 45,000 79,900 198,250 8.9 3.3
Russia Russia[130] 1,027,000 20,000,000 449,000 21,476,000 153.4 7.3
Rwanda Rwanda[131] 33,000 0 2,000 35,000 3.3 3.1
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia[132] 233,500 0 15,500 249,000 8.7 8.1
Senegal Senegal[133] 13,620 0 5,000 18,620 1.4 1
Serbia Serbia[134] 29,125 50,171 0 79,296 10.7 3.9
Seychelles Seychelles[135] 200 0 450 650 7.4 2.3
Sierra Leone Sierra Leone[136] 10,500 0 0 10,500 2 2
Singapore Singapore[137][note m] 72,500 356,500 93,800 522,800 112.2 15.6
Slovakia Slovakia[138] 16,531 0 0 16,531 3 3
Slovenia Slovenia[139] 7,200 3,800 4,500 15,500 7.7 3.6
Somalia Somalia[140] 2,000 0 0 2,000 0.2 0.2
Somaliland Somaliland[141] 15,350 0 0 15,350 4.4 4.4
South Africa South Africa[142] 62,082 15,071 12,382 89,535 1.8 1.3
South Korea South Korea[143][note n] 687,000 8,000,000 4,500 8,691,500 173.6 13.7
Spain Spain[144] 128,013 319,000 80,210 527,223 13 3.2
Sri Lanka Sri Lanka[145][note o] 160,900 35,900 62,200 259,000 12.1 7.5
Sudan Sudan[146][note p] 109,300 85,000 17,500 211,800 5.2 2.7
Suriname Suriname[147] 1,840 0 0 1,840 3.8 3.8
Sweden Sweden[148][note q] 13,050 242,000 800 255,850 28.2 1.4
Switzerland Switzerland[149] 22,059 174,071 80,000 276,130 36.3 2.9
Syria Syria[150] 325,000 314,000 108,000 747,000 34.3 14.9
Taiwan Taiwan[151] 290,000 1,657,000 17,000 1,964,000 85.5 12.6
Tajikistan Tajikistan[152] 8,800 0 7,500 16,300 2.2 1.2
Tanzania Tanzania[153] 27,000 80,000 1,400 108,400 2.6 0.7
Thailand Thailand[154][note r] 305,860 245,000 113,700 664,560 10.1 4.6
East Timor Timor Leste[155] 1,332 0 0 1,332 1.3 1.3
Togo Togo[156] 8,550 0 750 9,300 1.5 1.4
Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago[157] 4,063 0 0 4,063 3.3 3.3
Tunisia Tunisia[158] 35,800 0 12,000 47,800 4.6 3.4
Turkey Turkey[159][note s] 510,600 428,700 102,200 1,041,500 13.6 6.6
Turkmenistan Turkmenistan[160] 22,000 0 0 22,000 4.5 4.5
Uganda Uganda[161] 45,000 0 1,800 46,800 1.4 1.4
Ukraine Ukraine[162] 129,925 1,000,000 84,900 1,214,825 26.6 2.8
United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates[163] 51,000 0 0 51,000 10.6 10.6
United Kingdom United Kingdom[164] 175,690 199,280 0 374,970 6.1 2.9
United States United States[165] 1,580,255 864,547 11,035 2,455,837 7.9 5.1
Uruguay Uruguay[166] 24,621 0 920 25,541 7.3 7
Uzbekistan Uzbekistan[167] 67,000 0 20,000 87,000 3.2 2.4
Venezuela Venezuela[168] 115,000 8,000 0 123,000 4.6 4.3
Vietnam Vietnam[169][note t] 455,000 5,000,000 40,000 5,495,000 62 5.1
Yemen Yemen[170] 66,700 0 71,200 137,900 6 2.9
Zambia Zambia[171] 15,100 3,000 1,400 19,500 1.6 1.3
Zimbabwe Zimbabwe[172] 29,000 0 21,800 50,800 4.5 2.5

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The reserve personnel of Cuba includes 1,120,000 paramilitary from Youth Labour Army, Civil Defence and Territorial Militia.
  2. ^ The reserve personnel of Finland includes 11,500 paramilitary from Finnish Border Guard.
  3. ^ The active personnel of France includes National Gendarmerie, a military institution part of French Armed Forces.
  4. ^ The reserve personnel of India includes 987,821 paramilitary from Indian Home Guard and Civil Defence.
  5. ^ The reserve personnel of Iran includes Basij, a paramilitary militia with claimed membership of 12,6 million (including women and children), which after mobilization can reach about 1,000,000 people able to fight.
  6. ^ The active personnel of Italy includes Carabinieri, a military institution part of Italian Armed Forces.
  7. ^ The reserve personnel of Latvia includes 10,866 paramilitary from Latvian National Guard.
  8. ^ The reserve personnel of Malaysia includes 244,700 paramilitary from People's Volunteer Corps.
  9. ^ The reserve personnel of North Korea includes 3,500,000 paramilitary from Worker-Peasant Red Guard.
  10. ^ The personnel of Palestinian National Authority includes only organisations under the Directorate of Police Force; personnel strength figures for the various Palestinian groups in Gaza Strip, such as Hamas, are not known.
  11. ^ The reserve personnel of Peru includes 7,000 paramilitary from Ronda Campesina.
  12. ^ The reserve personnel of Philippines includes 40,000 paramilitary from Citizen Armed Force Geographical Unit.
  13. ^ The reserve personnel of Singapore includes 44,000 paramilitary from Singapore Police Force and Civil Defence.
  14. ^ The reserve personnel of South Korea includes 3,500,000 paramilitary from Civilian Defence Corps.
  15. ^ The reserve personnel of Sri Lanka includes 30,400 paramilitary from Sri Lanka Police Service.
  16. ^ The reserve personnel of Sudan includes 85,000 paramilitary from Popular Defence Force.
  17. ^ The reserve personnel of Sweden includes 42,000 paramilitary from Swedish Home Guard.
  18. ^ The reserve personnel of Thailand includes 45,000 paramilitary from National Security Volunteer Corps.
  19. ^ The reserve personnel of Turkey includes 50,000 paramilitary from Turkish Gendarmerie.
  20. ^ The reserve personnel of Vietnam includes 5,000,000 paramilitary from People's Self-Defence Force and People's Militia.

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Bibliography

  • International Institute for Strategic Studies (2010-02-03). Hackett, James, ed. The Military Balance 2010. London: Routledge. ISBN 1857435575.

Further reading