List of countries by oil production
This is a list of countries by oil production, as compiled from the U.S. Energy Information Administration database for calendar year 2020, tabulating all countries on a comparable best-estimate basis. Compared with shorter-term data, the full-year figures are less prone to distortion from periodic maintenance shutdowns and other seasonal cycles. The volumes in the table represent crude oil and lease condensate, the hydrocarbon liquids collected at or near the wellhead. The volumes in the table do not include biofuel. They also do not include the increase in liquid volumes during oil refining ("refinery gain"), or liquids separated from natural gas in gas processing plants (natural gas liquids).
Under this definition, total world oil production in 2020 averaged 76,124,800 barrels per day. Approximately 71% came from the top ten countries, and an overlapping 36% came from the thirteen current OPEC members, in the table below.
In recent history, the top three producers have been the United States, Russia, and Saudi Arabia. Each of these countries experienced major production declines at different times in the past, but since 2014 all three have been producing near their peak rates of 9 to 11 million barrels per day. Saudi Arabia and Russia also top the list of oil exporting countries. The monthly U.S. oil production reached 12.86 million b/d in November 2019, the highest monthly level of crude oil production in U.S. history. In May of 2019, the country became a net oil and gas exporter, the first time since 1953.
|Oil production per capita|
2017 (bbl/day/million people)
|Saudi Arabia (OPEC)||9,264,921||324,866|
|United Arab Emirates (OPEC)||3,138,249||335,103|
|Equatorial Guinea (OPEC)||147,563||125,068|
|Trinidad and Tobago||56,556||44,054|
|Papua New Guinea||40,249||7,013|
|Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast)||36,746||1,265|
|Czechia (Czech Republic)||2,000||220|
|Republic of China (Taiwan)||196||8|
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- "OPEC+ not to increase oil production in April". International Insider. 2021-03-05. Retrieved 2021-03-06.
- The US will be a net energy exporter by 2022, four years sooner than expected, Energy Department says CNBC, 7 February 2018.
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