List of countries by population growth rate

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The population growth rate estimates (by United Nations)
The population growth rate estimates (according to United Nations Population Prospects 2019) between 2015 and 2020.[1]

This article includes a table of countries and subnational areas by annual population growth rate.

Methodology[edit]

The table below shows annual population growth rate history and projections for various areas, countries, regions and sub-regions from various sources for various time periods.

The right-most column shows a projection for the time period shown using the medium fertility variant. Preceding columns show actual history. The number shown is the average annual growth rate for the period.

Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship—except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of the country of origin. This means that population growth in this table includes net changes from immigration and emigration. For a table of natural increase, see List of countries by natural increase.

Table[edit]

Country (or territory) CIA[2][3] WB[4] 2009 UN[5] 2005–10 UN[5] 2010–15 UN[5] 2015–20
(%) Year
 
 World 1.17 1.15 1.23 1.19 1.09
 Asia/Other non-specified areas 0.43 0.16
 Afghanistan (more) 2.34 2021 2.44 2.78 3.16 2.41
 Albania (more) 0.24 2021 0.26 -0.92 -0.12 0.13
 Algeria (more) 1.41 2021 1.89 1.63 1.98 1.67
 Andorra (more) -0.10 2021 0.63 1.37 -1.59 -0.21
 Angola (more) 3.38 2021 3.12 3.57 3.52 3.28
 Antigua and Barbuda (more) 1.17 2021 1.03 1.18 1.08 1.01
 Argentina (more) 0.84 2021 0.88 1.04 1.04 0.94
 Armenia (more) -0.35 2021 0.17 -0.71 0.27 0.15
 Australia (more) 1.31 2021 1.60 1.78 1.46 1.30
 Austria (more) 0.32 2021 0.46 0.38 0.63 0.24
 Azerbaijan (more) 0.71 2021 1.35 1.13 1.26 0.98
 Bahamas (more) 0.84 2021 1.52 1.83 1.39 1.01
 Bahrain (more) 0.90 2021 1.92 6.67 2.01 4.26
 Bangladesh (more) 0.95 2021 1.19 1.18 1.16 1.04
 Barbados (more) 0.28 2021 0.50 0.40 0.33 0.24
 Belarus (more) -0.29 2021 -0.10 -0.31 0.03 -0.15
 Belgium (more) 0.59 2021 0.85 0.73 0.63 0.58
 Belize (more) 1.67 2021 2.43 2.54 2.22 2.05
 Benin (more) 3.36 2021 2.73 2.84 2.79 2.73
 Bhutan (more) 0.99 2021 1.68 2.05 1.58 1.18
 Bolivia (more) 1.39 2021 1.65 1.67 1.56 1.47
 Bosnia and Herzegovina (more) -0.21 2021 -0.14 -0.32 -1.03 -0.22
 Botswana (more) 1.43 2021 0.86 1.64 1.84 1.79
 Brazil (more) 0.65 2021 0.87 1.03 0.91 0.75
 Brunei (more) 1.48 2021 1.40 1.25 1.43 1.25
 Bulgaria (more) -0.67 2021 -0.60 -0.74 -0.62 -0.67
 Burkina Faso (more) 2.58 2021 2.86 3.01 2.98 2.87
 Myanmar (more) 0.81 2021 0.85 0.68 0.88 0.90
 Burundi (more) 3.68 2021 3.19 3.33 3.03 3.15
 Cape Verde (more) 1.24 2021 0.78 1.25
 Cambodia (more) 1.34 2021 1.76 1.51 1.62 1.49
 Cameroon (more) 2.77 2021 2.54 2.73 2.68 2.56
 Canada (more) 0.77 2021 1.14 1.13 1.02 0.90
 Central African Republic (more) 1.79 2021 1.99 1.50 0.43 1.58
 Chad (more) 3.12 2021 3.00 3.32 3.29 3.01
 Chile (more) 0.68 2021 0.90 1.02 0.89 0.78
 China (more)[a] 0.26 2021 0.49 0.57 0.54 0.39
 Colombia (more) 1.04 2021 1.32 1.18 0.98 0.81
 Comoros (more)[b] 1.41 2021 2.44 2.40 2.40 2.24
 DR Congo (more) 3.16 2021 2.74 3.28 3.33 3.22
 Congo (more) 2.36 2021 2.61 2.98 2.60 2.59
 Costa Rica (more) 1.04 2021 1.42 1.35 1.12 0.96
 Ivory Coast (more) 2.21 2021 2.29 2.13 2.49 2.49
 Croatia (more) -0.48 2021 -0.32 -0.23 -0.43 -0.58
 Cuba (more) -0.23 2021 -0.05 0.09 0.23 0.06
 Cyprus (more) 1.11 2021 1.11 1.59 0.85 0.78
 Czech Republic (more) 0.04 2021 0.18 0.54 0.13 0.06
 Denmark (more) 0.44 2021 0.36 0.49 0.48 0.38
 Djibouti (more) 2.01 2021 1.52 1.66 1.72 1.51
 Dominica (more) 0.07 2021 0.40 0.23 0.48 0.51
 Dominican Republic (more) 0.92 2021 1.26 1.38 1.24 1.07
 Ecuador (more) 1.16 2021 1.60 1.67 1.56 1.42
 Egypt (more) 2.17 2021 1.66 1.82 2.18 1.87
 El Salvador (more) 0.67 2021 0.66 0.45 0.47 0.52
 Equatorial Guinea (more) 2.29 2021 2.80 4.56 4.24 3.59
 Eritrea (more) 0.98 2021 3.28 2.02 1.98 2.28
 Estonia (more) -0.69 2021 -0.04 -0.35 -0.25 -0.23
 Eswatini (Swaziland) (more) 0.77 2021 1.54 1.68 1.84 1.75
 Ethiopia (more) 2.50 2021 2.58 2.67 2.60 2.43
 Fiji (more) 0.46 2021 0.78 0.91 0.74 0.72
 Finland (more) 0.26 2021 0.48 0.40 0.43 0.36
 France (more)[c] 0.33 2021 0.50 0.58 0.45 0.39
 Gabon (more) 2.41 2021 2.39 3.12 3.26 2.17
 Gambia (more) 1.82 2021 3.19 3.17 3.12 2.93
 Georgia (more) 0.05 2021 0.63 -1.17 -1.37 -0.27
 Germany (more) -0.21 2021 0.11 -0.19 0.20 0.20
 Ghana (more) 2.26 2021 2.17 2.58 2.36 2.16
 Greece (more) -0.34 2021 -0.18 0.26 -0.40 -0.21
 Grenada (more) 0.35 2021 0.39 0.33 0.41 0.46
 Guatemala (more) 1.62 2021 2.53 2.22 2.10 1.94
 Guinea (more) 2.76 2021 2.56 2.18 2.27 2.57
 Guinea-Bissau (more) 2.52 2021 2.39 2.39 2.59 2.44
 Guyana (more) 0.19 2021 0.57 -0.12 0.58 0.57
 Haiti (more) 1.22 2021 1.39 1.53 1.38 1.20
 Honduras (more) 1.22 2021 2.03 2.11 1.79 1.63
 Hungary (more) -0.29 2021 -0.28 -0.32 -0.29 -0.34
 Iceland (more) 0.97 2021 0.35 1.65 0.61 0.77
 India (more) 1.04 2021 1.30 1.46 1.23 1.10
 Indonesia (more) 0.81 2021 1.25 1.35 1.25 1.05
 Iran (more) 1.03 2021 1.32 1.14 1.25 1.04
 Iraq (more) 2.06 2021 2.54 2.60 3.21 2.78
 Ireland (more) 0.97 2021 0.26 1.87 0.31 0.78
 Israel (more) 1.45 2021 1.81 2.35 1.65 1.55
 Italy (more) 0.09 2021 0.32 0.31 -0.08 -0.13
 Jamaica (more) 0.06 2021 0.21 0.52 0.39 0.29
 Japan (more) -0.37 2021 -0.20 0.03 -0.09 -0.23
 Jordan (more) 0.82 2021 2.19 4.57 4.86 2.17
 Kazakhstan (more) 0.81 2021 1.43 1.07 1.58 1.13
 Kenya (more) 2.15 2021 2.70 2.74 2.66 2.49
 Kiribati (more) 1.05 2021 1.54 2.12 1.82 1.71
 North Korea (more) 0.49 2021 0.53 0.34 0.42 0.47
 South Korea (more) 0.26 2021 0.45 0.57 0.52 0.36
 Kuwait (more) 1.20 2021 3.95 5.51 5.44 1.78
 Kyrgyzstan (more) 0.90 2021 1.22 1.32 1.57 1.44
 Laos (more) 1.46 2021 1.89 1.64 1.30 1.45
 Latvia (more) -1.10 2021 -1.60 -1.22 -1.30 -1.03
 Lebanon (more) 0.68 2021 0.96 1.68 5.99 0.57
 Lesotho (more) 0.73 2021 1.08 0.91 1.27 1.31
 Liberia (more) 2.74 2021 2.68 3.82 2.62 2.52
 Libya (more) 1.76 2021 0.84 1.26 0.21 1.33
 Liechtenstein (more) 0.73 2021 0.73 0.65 0.76 0.65
 Lithuania (more) -1.04 2021 -1.48 -1.36 -1.27 -0.55
 Luxembourg (more) 1.70 2021 2.49 2.08 2.19 1.27
 Madagascar (more) 2.31 2021 2.80 2.86 2.72 2.67
 Malawi (more) 2.39 2021 2.86 3.02 2.95 2.87
 Malaysia (more) 1.06 2021 1.66 1.83 1.78 1.35
 Maldives (more) -0.12 2021 1.93 2.68 2.76 1.85
 Mali (more) 2.97 2021 2.99 3.27 2.95 2.99
 Malta (more) 0.75 2021 0.40 0.45 0.55 0.31
 Marshall Islands (more) 1.37 2021 0.11 -0.04 0.14 0.10
 Mauritania (more) 2.02 2021 2.49 2.85 2.95 2.69
 Mauritius (more) 0.52 2021 0.42 0.42 0.18 0.23
 Mexico (more) 1.04 2021 1.24 1.57 1.41 1.23
 Micronesia (more) -0.64 2021 -0.03 -0.49 0.16 0.63
 Moldova (more) -1.10 2021 -0.04 -0.36 -0.09 -0.24
 Monaco (more) 0.53 2021 0.85 1.86 0.65 0.51
 Mongolia (more) 0.93 2021 1.52 1.42 1.86 1.50
 Montenegro (more) -0.40 2021 0.07 0.26 0.12 0.04
 Morocco (more) 0.92 2021 1.43 1.20 1.43 1.26
 Mozambique (more) 2.58 2021 2.50 2.93 2.91 2.86
 Namibia (more) 1.83 2021 1.87 1.34 2.20 2.12
 Nauru (more) 0.42 2021 -0.18 2.32 -0.06
 Nepal (more) 0.81 2021 1.16 1.05 1.17 1.09
 Netherlands (more) 0.37 2021 0.45 0.36 0.30 0.29
 New Zealand (more)[d] 1.28 2021 0.63 1.10 1.09 0.93
 Nicaragua (more) 0.93 2021 1.46 1.29 1.17 1.07
 Niger (more) 3.65 2021 3.84 3.75 3.84 3.81
 Nigeria (more) 2.53 2021 2.79 2.64 2.67 2.58
 North Macedonia (more) 0.13 2021 0.08 0.10 0.08 0.08
 Norway (more) 0.80 2021 1.32 1.07 1.25 0.94
 Oman (more) 1.89 2021 9.13 3.83 6.45 4.08
 Pakistan (more) 1.99 2021 2.69 2.05 2.09 1.91
 Palau (more) 0.38 2021 0.72 0.56 0.79 1.06
 Panama (more) 1.16 2021 1.64 1.80 1.71 1.55
 Papua New Guinea (more) 1.61 2021 2.17 2.37 2.16 2.01
 Paraguay (more) 1.15 2021 1.72 1.38 1.34 1.25
 Peru (more) 0.88 2021 1.25 1.24 1.32 1.20
 Philippines (more) 1.49 2021 1.72 1.66 1.64 1.51
 Poland (more) -0.23 2021 0.02 -0.02 -0.03 -0.17
 Portugal (more) -0.23 2021 -0.29 0.16 -0.44 -0.39
 Qatar (more) 1.23 2021 7.05 14.93 6.65 2.36
 Romania (more) -0.38 2021 -0.27 -0.95 -0.56 -0.50
 Russia (more) -0.20 2021 0.40 -0.07 0.04 0.01
 Rwanda (more) 1.80 2021 2.77 2.61 2.53 2.36
 Saint Kitts and Nevis (more) 0.64 2021 1.15 1.13 1.08 0.91
 Saint Lucia (more) 0.30 2021 0.89 1.06 0.53 0.45
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (more) -0.18 2021 0.01 0.10 0.03 0.24
 Samoa (more) 0.61 2021 0.78 0.69 0.80 0.65
 San Marino (more) 0.63 2021 0.64 1.24 1.16 0.51
 São Tomé and Príncipe (more) 1.50 2021 2.65 2.32 2.25 2.18
 Saudi Arabia (more) 1.62 2021 1.88 2.75 2.81 1.90
 Senegal (more) 2.25 2021 2.92 2.76 2.96 2.77
 Serbia (more) -0.48 2021 -0.48 -0.41 -0.40 -0.34
 Seychelles (more) 0.67 2021 0.39 0.59 0.50 0.50
 Sierra Leone (more) 2.44 2021 1.91 2.65 2.28 2.12
 Singapore (more) 0.95 2021 2.45 2.44 1.74 1.40
 Slovakia (more) -0.08 2021 0.22 0.02 0.13 0.04
 Slovenia (more) -0.03 2021 0.26 0.48 0.29 0.07
 Solomon Islands (more) 1.75 2021 2.13 2.32 2.14 1.94
 Somalia (more) 2.35 2021 2.86 2.93 2.86 2.93
 South Africa (more) 0.95 2021 1.18 1.10 1.39 1.20
 South Sudan (more) 5.05 2021 4.30 4.33 3.32 2.72
 Spain (more) -0.03 2021 0.09 1.21 -0.17 0.03
 Sri Lanka (more) 0.63 2021 1.04 0.68 0.50 0.35
 Sudan (more) 2.55 2021 2.08 2.13 2.34 2.38
 Suriname (more) 0.91 2021 0.90 1.06 1.01 0.87
 Sweden (more) 0.74 2021 0.71 0.76 0.78 0.72
 Switzerland (more) 0.65 2021 1.07 1.11 1.21 0.83
 Syria (more) 5.32 2021 1.97 2.78 -2.30 0.20
 Taiwan (more) 0.04 2021 0.44 0.33 0.28
 Tajikistan (more) 1.44 2021 2.45 2.18 2.24 2.06
 Tanzania (more) 2.81 2021 3.04 3.14 3.12 3.06
 Thailand (more) 0.26 2021 0.31 0.54 0.43 0.22
 East Timor (more) 2.19 2021 2.88 1.56 2.24 2.14
 Togo (more) 2.51 2021 2.60 2.70 2.63 2.45
 Tonga (more) -0.23 2021 0.37 0.60 0.42 0.86
 Trinidad and Tobago (more) -0.28 2021 0.33 0.48 0.48 0.26
 Tunisia (more) 0.75 2021 0.97 1.04 1.16 1.09
 Turkey (more) 0.70 2021 1.28 1.26 1.58 1.37
 Turkmenistan (more) 1.02 2021 1.29 1.35 1.80 1.61
 Tuvalu (more) 0.85 2021 0.16 0.99 0.87 0.88
 Uganda (more) 3.31 2021 3.35 3.45 3.37 3.23
 Ukraine (more) -0.49 2021 -0.25 -0.48 -0.50 -0.49
 United Arab Emirates (more) 0.62 2021 3.10 11.82 2.03 1.39
 United Kingdom (more) 0.48 2021 0.75 0.98 0.65 0.58
 United States (more) 0.70 2021 0.74 0.90 0.72 0.71
 Uruguay (more) 0.26 2021 0.35 0.29 0.34 0.36
 Uzbekistan (more) 0.86 2021 1.47 1.52 1.59 1.41
 Vanuatu (more) 1.67 2021 2.24 2.42 2.26 2.10
 Vatican City (more) 0.00 2021 0.03 0.03 0.08
 Venezuela (more) 2.46 2021 1.53 1.61 1.41 1.26
 Vietnam (more) 1 2021 1.06 0.96 1.12 1.00
 Western Sahara (Sahrawi) (more) 1.87 1.83 2.54
 Yemen (more) 1.93 2021 2.33 2.74 2.62 2.33
 Zambia (more) 2.93 2021 3.19 2.78 3.01 2.97
 Zimbabwe (more) 1.94 2021 2.70 1.70 2.27 2.28
 Anguilla (UK) (more) 1.84 2021 1.71 1.19
 Aruba (Netherlands) (more) 1.17 2021 0.44 0.31 0.45
 Bermuda (UK) (more) 0.36 2021 0.37 -0.36 -0.62
 Caribbean Netherlands 7.49 3.43
 Cayman Islands (UK) (more) 1.87 2021 1.70 2.65 1.55
 Channel Islands (UK)[e] 0.51 0.67 0.51
 Christmas Island (Australia) (more) 1.11 2014
 Cook Islands (NZ) (more) -2.46 2021 0.89 0.53
 Curaçao (Netherlands) (more) 0.73 2.63 1.26
 Faroe Islands (Denmark) (more) 0.62 2021 -0.59 0.33
 Falkland Islands (more) -0.09 0.10 -0.15
 Gibraltar (UK) (more) 0.19 2021 1.11 0.94
 Greenland (Denmark) (more) -0.01 2021 -0.11 -0.14 -0.13
 Guadeloupe (France) (more) 0.27 0.50
 Guam (USA) (more) 0.18 2021 1.21 0.13 1.27
 French Guiana (more) 2.78 2.78
 Hong Kong (more) 0.20 2021 1.17 0.44 0.83
 Isle of Man (UK) (more) 0.55 2021 0.74 0.97 0.80
 Kosovo (more) 0.67 2021 0.86
 Macau (more) 0.79 2021 1.90 2.66 1.89
 Martinique (France) (more) -0.12 0.09
 Mayotte (France) (more) 3.17 2.79
 Montserrat (UK) (more) 0.52 2021 0.72 0.68
 New Caledonia (France) (more) 1.22 2021 1.60 1.49 1.32
 Niue (New Zealand) (more) -0.03 2021 -0.79 -0.14
 Norfolk Island (Australia) (more) 0.01 2014 0.01
 Northern Mariana Islands (USA) (more) -0.36 2021 0.14 -3.57 0.44
 Pitcairn Islands (UK) (more) 0 2014
 French Polynesia (more) 0.75 2021 1.08 1.01 1.07
 Puerto Rico (USA) (more) -1.46 2021 -0.73 -0.28 -0.14
 Réunion (France) (more) 0.96 0.73
 Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (UK) (more) 0.14 2021 -0.48 -1.04
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France) (more) -1.20 2021 0.05 0.05
 American Samoa (more) -2.10 2021 -0.26 -1.21 -0.04
 Sint Maarten (Netherlands) (more) 1.28 2021 0.36 3.13
 Svalbard (Norway) (more) -0.03 2019
 Tokelau (NZ) (more) -0.01 2019 -1.28 1.93
 Turks and Caicos Islands (UK) (more) 1.91 2021 2.19 3.17 2.05
 British Virgin Islands (more) 1.96 2021 3.23 2.02
 U.S. Virgin Islands (more) -0.42 2021 -0.48 -0.26 -0.02
 Wallis and Futuna (France) (more) 0.26 2021 -0.98 -0.62
 West Bank 1.72 2021
 Gaza Strip (more) 2.05 2021
  1. ^ Mainland only. Excludes SARs
  2. ^ Includes  Mayotte
  3. ^ Metropolitan France only
  4. ^ Recent official estimates show a growth rate of 1.00 per annum[6]
  5. ^ Consists of  Jersey and  Guernsey

More maps[edit]

The 20 countries in the world in which the population has declined between 2010 and 2015
Historical Population Growth Rate (1950-1955) estimated by the UN.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ PNG | Maps
  2. ^ "Population growth rate - The World Factbook". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 2021-07-29.
  3. ^ "Population growth rate - The World Factbook". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 2021-07-29.
  4. ^ "World Bank Population growth (annual %)". Retrieved 4 October 2014.
  5. ^ a b c "United Nations Population Div, World Population Prospects 2017, File: Population Growth Rate, retrieved 5/20/18". Archived from the original on 2016-09-27.
  6. ^ Statistics New Zealand Archived 2008-02-14 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ Maps | PNG