List of countries by population in 1700

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Historical Demographics
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List of Countries by Population
1600 1700 1800

This is a list of countries by population in 1700. Estimate numbers are from the beginning of the year and exact population figures are for countries that held a census on various dates in the 1700s. The bulk of these numbers are sourced from Alexander V. Avakov's Two Thousand Years of Economic Statistics, Volume 1, pages 18 to 20, which cover population figures from the year 1700 divided into modern borders. Avakov, in turn, cites a variety of sources, mostly Angus Maddison.

1700 CE world map.PNG
Countries in 1700.png
Country/Territory Population
estimate
c. 1700
Percentage of
World
Population
  World[1] 682,000,000
Imperial Seal of the Mughal Empire.svg Moghul Hindustan[2] 158,400,000 23.2%
Imperial standard of the Qing Emperor.svg Qing China[3] 150,000,000 22%
Banner of the Holy Roman Emperor (after 1400).svg Holy Roman Empire[4][5] 27,400,000 4.0%
Flag of the Tokugawa Shogunate.svg Japan[11][6] 27,000,000 4.0%
Flag of the Ottoman Empire.svg Ottoman Empire[12][13]
subdivisions
vassal states
24,779,000 3.6%
Flag of Cross of Burgundy.svg Spain and possessions[15][16][12][13]
subdivisions
24,530,000 3.6%
Royal Standard of the King of France.svg France[13] 21,471,000 3.1%
Flag of Oryol (variant).svg Tsardom of Russia[12] 13,616,000 2.0%
Flag of the King of Joseon (fringeless).svg Joseon[13] 12,200,000 1.8%
Safavid Flag.svg Safavid Iran[17] 10,000,000 1.4%
Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy.svg Habsburg monarchy[18][12]
subdivisions
9,989,000 1.5%
Union flag 1606 (Kings Colors).svg England, Scotland, and possessions[20][21]
subdivisions
9,131,239 1.3%
Polish Royal Banner of The House of Wettin.svg Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth[25] 9,000,000 1.3%
Imperial Standard of Nguyen Dynasty1.svg Đại Việt[26] 8,000,000 1.2%
Flag of Morocco 1666 1915.svg Morocco and possessions[12]
subdivisions
4,000,000 0.5%
          Nepal[12] 3,064,000 0.4%
Naval Ensign of Sweden.svg Sweden[18]
subdivisions
2,700,000 0.4%
Flag of Thailand (Ayutthaya period).svg Siam[12] 2,500,000 0.4%
 Portuguese Empire[18] 2,300,000 0.3%
Flag of Most Serene Republic of Venice.svg Republic of Venice 2,000,000 0.3%
Statenvlag.svg Dutch Republic[18] 1,794,000 0.3%
Flag of Cambodia (pre-1863).svg Cambodia[12] 1,650,000 0.2%
Wappen Mark Brandenburg.pngPOL Prusy książęce COA.svg Brandenburg-Prussia[27] 2,000,000 0.2%
Savoie flag.svg Savoyard state[28]
subdivisions
1,396,000 0.2%
Flag of Denmark.svg Denmark–Norway[18]
subdivisions
1,300,400 0.2%
Early Swiss cross.svg Swiss Confederacy[13] 1,260,000 0.2%
          Dzungar Khanate[29] 1,000,000 0.1%
Flag of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany (1562-1737) - type 2.svg Grand Duchy of Tuscany[15] ~1,000,000 0.1%
Flag of the Kingdom of Kongo.svg Kingdom of Kongo[30] 790,000 0.12%
          Lan Xang[12] 371,000 0.05%
Flag of Ryukyu.svg Ryukyu Kingdom[31] 141,187 0.02%
Flag of the Order of St. John (various).svg Hospitaller Malta 50,000 0.01%

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The World at Six Billion". UN Population Division. Archived from the original on March 5, 2016., Table 2
  2. ^ Böröcz, József (10 September 2009). The European Union and Global Social Change. ISBN 9781135255800. Retrieved 26 June 2017.
  3. ^ Rowe, William T. (2009). China's Last Empire: The Great Qing. p. 91.
  4. ^ The combined population of Germany (15m), Austria (2.5m), Czechia (3.242m), Belgium (2m), Slovenia (0.248m), and a third of Italy (4.4m), Avakov, p. 18-20.
  5. ^ J.P. Sommerville. "The Holy Roman Empire in the Seventeenth Century". Retrieved 21 May 2017.. Archived here. The figure of 20 million is given for "Germany, Austria, and Bohemia", a definition of the Empire that specifically excludes the Empire's Italian territories such as the Savoyard state, Milan, and Tuscany, as well as its territories in the Low Countries.
  6. ^ a b Avakov, p. 18.
  7. ^ a b And related territories roughly covering the modern borders of Austria. Avakov, p. 18.
  8. ^ Dwyer, Philip G. The Rise of Prussia 1700–1830. United Kingdom: Taylor & Francis, 2014. Page 52. The population of all of the King in Prussia's domains is given as 1.5 million in 1713, and the bulk of these lived within the Empire, rather than in the smaller and more barren holding in Ducal Prussia.
  9. ^ Wilson, Peter H. War, State and Society in Württemberg, 1677–1793. 1995. Page 43.
  10. ^ Peter Wilson. "German Armies: War and German Society, 1648–1806." 2002. Page 21. Combined population of Luneberg and Brunswick-Wolfenbuttel.
  11. ^ Jean-Noël Biraben, "The History of the Human Population From the First Beginnings to the Present" in "Demography: Analysis and Synthesis: A Treatise in Population" (Eds: Graziella Caselli, Jacques Vallin, Guillaume J. Wunsch) Vol 3, Chapter 66, pp 5–18, Academic Press, San Diego. (2005)
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i Avakov, Alexander V. (April 2015). Two Thousand Years of Economic Statistics, Volume 1. ISBN 9781628941012. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
  13. ^ a b c d e Maddison. "Growth of World Population GDP and GDP Per Capita before 1820" (PDF). Retrieved 29 September 2017.
  14. ^ a b Murgescu, Bogdan (14 June 2016). Romania si Europa. Polirom. pp. 75–76. ISBN 9789734620418.
  15. ^ a b "Population Statistics: Historical Demography". Archived from the original on 23 February 2015. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  16. ^ "A History of Spain and Portugal". Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  17. ^ Blake, Stephen P., ed. (2013), "Safavid, Mughal, and Ottoman Empires", Time in Early Modern Islam: Calendar, Ceremony, and Chronology in the Safavid, Mughal and Ottoman Empires, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 21–47, ISBN 978-1-107-03023-7, retrieved 2021-11-10
  18. ^ a b c d e "European Population History". Retrieved 30 June 2016.
  19. ^ Roughly the modern borders of Slovenia. Avakov, p. 20.
  20. ^ Mitchison, A History of Scotland, pp. 291–2 and 301-2.
  21. ^ MArshall, John (1838). "Statistics of the British Empire".
  22. ^ Grada, C. O. "The Population of Ireland: 1700–1900, A Survey".
  23. ^ "ESTIMATED POPULATION OF AMERICAN COLONIES: 1610 TO 1780".
  24. ^ "Population of the English West Indies, 1655–1755" (PDF).
  25. ^ Based on 1618 population map Archived 2013-02-17 at the Wayback Machine (p.115), 1618 languages map (p.119), 1657–1667 losses map (p.128) and 1717 map Archived 2013-02-17 at the Wayback Machine (p.141) from Iwo Cyprian Pogonowski, Poland a Historical Atlas, Hippocrene Books, 1987, ISBN 0-88029-394-2
  26. ^ Li 1998, p. 160-171.
  27. ^ Dwyer, p. 52.
  28. ^ Geoffrey Symcox. "Victor Amadaeus II: Absolutism in the Savoyard State, 1675–1730." Page 245.
  29. ^ Clarke, Michael Edmund (2008-04-10). "In the Eye of Power: China and Xinjiang from the Qing Conquest to the "New Great Game" for Central Asia, 1759 – 2004" (PDF). p. 37. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2008-04-10. Retrieved 2021-11-11.
  30. ^ Thornton, John K. (July 2021). "Revising the Population History of the Kingdom of Kongo". The Journal of African History. 62 (2): 201–212. doi:10.1017/S0021853721000451. ISSN 0021-8537. S2CID 237296222.
  31. ^ (a) Yoshio Oguchi, "Demographics of Satsuma Domian", Reimeikan Chōsa Kenkyū Hōkoku (no. 11), pp. 87–134 (1998). (b) Yoshio Oguchi, "Demographics of Satsuma Domian and early modern Ryūkyū", Reimeikan Chōsa Kenkyū Hōkoku (no. 13), pp. 1–42 (2000) (all in Japanese).
  • Li, Tana (1998). Nguyen Cochinchina: Southern Vietnam in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries. Cornell University Press. ISBN 9781501732577.
  • Kurt Witthauer. Bevölkerung der Erde (1958)
  • Calendario atlante de Agostini, anno 99 (2003)
  • The Columbia gazetteer of the world (1998)
  • Britannica book of the year : world data (1997)