List of countries by population in 1900

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Historical Demographics
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1800 1900 1907

This is a list of countries by population in 1900. Estimate numbers are from the beginning of the year and exact population figures are for countries that were having a census in the year 1900 which were on various dates in the 1900s.

Rank Country/Territory Population c. 1900 estimate[1]
-   World 1,700,000,000
- United Kingdom France Entente cordiale 462,577,384
1  Qing China 415,001,488
-  British Empire 383,811,684
2  Indian Empire[a] (UK) 280,912,000
-  Russian Empire Includes Finland and Poland 136,305,900
3  Russian Empire (excludes Finland and Poland) 119,546,234
- German Empire Austria-Hungary German and Austrian Alliance 118,595,465
4  United States[b] (US proper only) 75,994,575
-  Russian Empire (Russia Proper Only) 67,500,000
5  Germany 56,000,000
6  Austria-Hungary 51,356,465
7  Dutch East Indies[c] (Netherlands) 45,500,000
8  Empire of Japan (Japan proper only) 42,000,000
9  United Kingdom (Including Ireland) 38,000,000
10 France France 38,000,000
11  Italy 32,000,000
-  Ottoman Empire[d] 30,860,000
12 Spain Spain 18,520,000
13 Brazil Brazil 17,000,000
14  Mexico 12,050,000
15  Korean Empire 12,000,000
- United Kingdom Northern Nigeria (UK) 8,500,000
- Egypt Egypt (UK) 8,000,000
16  Morocco 8,000,000
- United Kingdom Southern Nigeria (UK) 7,500,000
- United States Philippine Islands (United States) 7,409,000[2]
17 Thailand Siam 7,200,000
18 Persia 7,000,000
19  Romania 6,630,000
20  Belgium 6,136,000
- French Indochina Annam (France) 6,000,000
- France Tongking (France) 6,000,000
21  Argentina 5,800,000
22 Portugal Portugal (Portugal proper only) 5,758,000
23  Netherlands 5,616,000
-  Canada 5,500,000
24  Sweden 5,140,000
25  Afghanistan 5,000,000
- Egypt Anglo-Egyptian Sudan (UK/Egypt) 4,800,000
26  Nepal 4,789,000
27  Colombia 4,604,000[e]
28 Arabia [f] 4,218,000
-  Tibet (China till 1912) 4,200,000
29 Ethiopia Abyssinia 4,000,000
- France Algeria (France) 4,000,000
-  Australia (UK) 4,000,000
- Dominion of Ceylon Ceylon (UK/Sri Lanka) 3,700,000
30  Peru 3,700,000
31   Switzerland 3,525,300
- German Empire Cameroon (Germany) 3,500,000
- German Empire German East Africa (Germany) 3,500,000
- Ireland Ireland (UK) 3,220,000
- France Cochin-China (France) 3,200,000
32 Bulgaria Bulgaria 3,154,000
33  Chile 2,867,000
34 Greece Greece 2,800,000
- France Sudan (France) 2,800,000
-  Gold Coast (UK) 2,800,000
35  Venezuela 2,741,000
- France Madagascar (France) 2,706,700
- German Empire Ruanda-Urundi (Germany) 2,700,000
- Russian Empire Finland (Russia) 2,655,900
36  Serbia 2,650,000
- Portugal Portuguese East Africa (Portugal) 2,600,000
- Cape Colony (UK) 2,500,000
- Portugal Portuguese West Africa (Portugal) 2,400,000
- France Upper Volta (France) 2,375,000
-  Norway[g] 2,240,000
37  Denmark 2,182,000
- Tunisia Tunis (France) 1,890,000
-  Uganda (UK) 1,800,000
-  Kenya (UK) 1,700,000
- France French Guinea (France) 1,600,000
- France Niger (France) 1,570,000
-  Cambodia (France) 1,500,000
- United States Cuba (United States) 1,500,000
38  Bolivia 1,500,000
-  South African Republic 1,400,000
39  Ecuador 1,271,000
- Russia Bukhara (Russia) 1,250,000
- France Senegal (France) 1,230,000
- United Kingdom Natal (UK) 1,200,000
40  El Salvador 1,116,300
- United States Porto Rico (United States) 1,100,000
41  Guatemala 1,046,000
42  Uruguay 1,026,000
- United Kingdom Sierra Leone (UK) 1,000,000
-  New Zealand (UK) 967,000
- France Ivory Coast (France) 950,000
- German Empire Togoland (Germany) 920,000
- United Kingdom Malaya (UK) 900,000
- Nyasaland (UK) 850,000
-  Jamaica (UK) 820,000
- France Chad (France) 810,000
-  Northern Rhodesia (UK) 770,000
-  Southern Rhodesia (UK) 734,000
43  Paraguay 715,000
44  Liberia 664,000
- France Oubangui-Chari (France) 630,000
-  Dominican Republic (UK) 610,000
- France Dahomey (France) 570,000
-  Straits Settlements (UK) 550,000
- France Laos (France) 550,000
- France Mauretania (France) 540,000
45  Nicaragua 515,000
46 Honduras Spanish Honduras 505,000
47 Muscat and Oman 500,000
- Sarawak (UK) 500,000
- Portugal Portuguese India (Portugal) 475,000
- Italy Italian Somaliland (Italy) 400,000
- Russia Khiva (Russia) 400,000
48 Orange Free State 400,000
- United Kingdom Territory of Papua (UK, de facto Australia) 400,000
- United Kingdom Basutoland (UK) 383,000
- United Kingdom Mauritius (UK) 375,000
49  Costa Rica 341,600
- Hong Kong Hong Kong (UK) 325,000
50  Montenegro 320,000
- United Kingdom Trinidad and Tobago (UK) 320,000
- Crete (Ottoman Empire) 310,000
-  North Borneo (UK) 300,000
-  British Guiana (UK) 300,000
- British Somaliland (UK) 300,000
- Portugal Portuguese Timor (Portugal) 300,000
-  Bhutan (Indian Empire) 280,000
- France French India (France) 280,000
- France French Congo (France) 280,000
- Portugal Azores (Portugal) 260,000
51  Luxembourg 252,000
- United Kingdom Zanzibar (UK) 250,000
- United Kingdom Cyprus (UK) 240,000
- France Gabon (France) 240,000
- Dominion of Newfoundland Newfoundland (UK) 230,000
- Italy Eritrea (Italy) 220,000
- German Empire German South-West Africa (Germany) 210,000
- Portugal Guinea (Portugal) 200,000
-  Malta (UK) 195,000
- France Guadeloupe (France) 190,000
- German Empire German New Guinea (Germany) 188,000
- France Kwang-Chou-Wan (France) 185,000
- France Martinique (France) 185,000
-  Barbados (UK) 182,000
- France Réunion (France) 178,000
- United Kingdom Gambia (UK) 165,000
- Portugal Madeira (Portugal) 160,000
- Hawaii Hawaii (United States) 154,000
- Spain Spanish Guinea (or Rio Muni) (Spain) 150,000
- Portugal Cape Verde (Portugal) 140,000
- United Kingdom British Solomon Islands (UK) 135,000
-  Fiji (UK) 125,000
- France Comoros (France) 112,000
- United Kingdom Bechuanaland (UK) 90,000
- United Kingdom Swaziland (UK) 90,000
- Netherlands Surinam (Netherlands) 86,000
-  Iceland (Denmark) 82,000
- Portugal Macau (Portugal) 80,000
- United Kingdom Bahrain (UK) 70,000
- United Kingdom Grenada (UK) 70,000
- United Kingdom Trucial Oman (UK) 70,000
- United States Alaska (United States) 63,592
- Portugal São Tomé and Príncipe (Portugal) 61,000
- German Empire Kiaochow (Germany) 60,000
- India Sikkim (Indian Empire) 60,000
-  Isle of Man (UK) 57,000
- United Kingdom Maldives (UK) 56,000
- United Kingdom Bahamas (UK) 55,000
-  Jersey (UK) 54,000
- France New Caledonia (France) 54,000
- France French Somaliland (France) 50,000
- German Empire German Solomon Islands (Germany) 50,000
- United Kingdom France New Hebrides (UK and France) 50,000
- United Kingdom Saint Lucia (UK) 50,000
- United Kingdom Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (UK) 49,000
- Colony of Aden Aden Protectorate (UK) 45,000
-  British Honduras (UK) 45,000
- United Kingdom Saint Kitts (with Nevis) (UK) 45,000
- Netherlands Netherlands Antilles (Netherlands) 44,000
-  Guernsey (UK) 42,000
- United Kingdom Kuwait (UK) 40,000
- Spain Rio de Oro (Spain) 40,000
- German Empire German Samoa (Germany) 37,000
- German Empire Caroline Islands (Germany) 36,000
- United Kingdom Antigua (with Barbuda and Redonda) (UK) 35,000
- United Kingdom Dominica (UK) 32,000
- United Kingdom Gilbert Islands (UK) 30,000
- France French Polynesia (France) 30,000
- United Kingdom Gibraltar (UK) 29,000
- Denmark Danish Virgin Islands (Denmark) 28,000
- Spain Fernando Po (Spain) 25,000
- France French Guiana (France) 24,000
- United Kingdom Brunei (UK) 22,000
- Spain Spanish Morocco [h] (Spain) 22,000
- United Kingdom Seychelles (UK) 22,000
-  Tonga (UK) 21,000
- United Kingdom Bermuda (UK) 20,000
52  Monaco 19,000
- Denmark Faroe Islands (Denmark) 17,000
- German Empire Micronesia (Germany) 15,000
- United Kingdom Witu (UK) 15,000
- German Empire Marshall Islands (Germany) 15,000
- Denmark Greenland (Denmark) 13,000
- United States Guam (United States) 12,000
- United Kingdom Montserrat (UK) 12,000
- United Kingdom Qatar (UK) 11,000
53  San Marino 11,000
54  Liechtenstein 10,000
55  Andorra 6,000
- New Zealand Cook Islands (UK) 6,000
- United States American Samoa (United States) 6,000
- France Wallis and Futuna (France) 6,000
-  Turks and Caicos Islands (UK) 5,500
- United Kingdom British Virgin Islands (UK) 5,000
-  Cayman Islands (UK) 5,000
- France Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France) 5,000
- United Kingdom Anguilla (UK) 4,500
-  Saint Helena (UK) 4,500
- German Empire Palau (Germany) 4,000
-  Niue (UK) 4,000
- Spain Elobey, Annobón and Corisco (Spain) 3,000
- Neutral Moresnet 3,000
- German Empire Mariana Islands (Germany) 2,500
- United Kingdom Ellice Islands (UK) 2,400
-  Falkland Islands (UK) 2,300
- German Empire Nauru (Germany) 1,500
- Straits Settlements Christmas Island (UK) 900
- Straits Settlements Cocos Islands (UK) 650
- United Kingdom Tokelau Islands (UK) 500
- Pitcairn Islands Pitcairn Islands (UK) 170
- United Kingdom Ascension Island (UK) 100
- United Kingdom Tristan da Cunha (UK) 95
- United Kingdom Phoenix Islands (UK) 69
56 Tavolara (claimed by Italy) 55

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Officially the "Indian Empire". Comprises modern-day India, Pakistan and Bangladesh, and Burma.
  2. ^ excludes External Territories
  3. ^ Modern-day Indonesia
  4. ^ Highly centralized. Certain subdivisions, such as the Cretan State, were listed separately.
  5. ^ Including modern-day Panama
  6. ^ Mostly Tihamah, Hejaz, Nejd, Hadramaut, Yemen
  7. ^ In personal union with Sweden.
  8. ^ Mainly Ceuta and Melilla.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population statistics: historical demography". Various sources (below). Retrieved 3 March 2013. 
  2. ^ http://www.populstat.info/
  • Kurt Witthauer. Bevölkerung der Erde (1958)
  • Calendario atlante de Agostini, anno 99 (2003)
  • The Columbia gazetteer of the world (1998)
  • Britannica book of the year : world data (1997)