List of countries by population in 1900

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Historical Demographics
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1800 1900 1907

This is a list of countries by population in 1900. Estimate numbers are from the beginning of the year and exact population figures are for countries that were having a census in the year 1900 which were on various dates in the 1900s.

Rank Country/Territory Population c. 1900 estimate[1]
-   World 1,700,000,000
-  British Empire[a] 436,259,084
1  Qing China[1] 400,000,000
2  Indian Empire[b][1] (UK) 330,567,600
-  Russian Empire (Includes Finland and Poland) 136,305,900
3  Russian Empire (excludes Finland and Poland) 119,546,234
- German Empire Austria-Hungary German and Austrian Alliance 118,595,465
-  French Third Republic 78,790,700
4  United States[c][1] (US proper only) 76,212,200
-  Russian Empire[1] (Russia Proper Only) 71,162,000
5  Germany[2] 56,367,178
6  Austria-Hungary[1] 47,295,100
-  Empire of Japan (Includes Taiwan) 46,605,000
7  Dutch East Indies[d][1] (Netherlands) 42,746,000
8  Empire of Japan[3] (Japan proper only) 43,847,000
9  United Kingdom[1] (Including Ireland) 39,875,900
10 French Third Republic France[1] 38,900,000
11  Italy[1] 32,475,000
-  Ottoman Empire[e][f][1] 31,706,300
12 Spain Spain[1] 18,594,000
13 Brazil Brazil[1] 17,984,000
14  Korean Empire[4] 17,082,000
15  Mexico[1] 13,607,000
- Portugal Portuguese Empire 12,434,000
16 Ethiopia Abyssinia[1][g] 12,180,600
- Egypt Egypt[1] (UK) 10,186,000
- United States Philippine Islands[1] (United States) 10,990,030
17 Persia[1] 9,860,000
- United Kingdom Northern Nigeria (UK) 8,500,000
- United Kingdom Southern Nigeria (UK) 7,500,000
- Union Jack of Sweden and Norway (1844-1905).svg Union between Sweden and Norway[1] 7,354,400
18  Belgium[1] 6,693,500
19 Thailand Siam[1] 6,320,000
20  Romania[1] 6,000,000
- France Tongking[1] (France) 6,000,000
- Egypt Anglo-Egyptian Sudan[1] (UK/Egypt) 5,588,000
21 Portugal Portugal[1] (Portugal proper only) 5,450,000
-  Canada[1] (UK) 5,301,000
22 Sweden Sweden[1] (Union between Sweden and Norway) 5,136,400
23  Netherlands[1] 5,104,100
24  Afghanistan[1] 4,550,000
25 Greece Greece[1] 4,962,000
- Portugal Portuguese West Africa[1] (Portugal) 4,790,000
- French Indochina Annam[1] (France) 4,620,000
- France Algeria[1] (France) 4,675,000
26  Colombia[h][1] 4,157,000
27  Argentina[1] 4,542,000
- Ireland Ireland[1] (UK) 4,470,000
28 Arabia [i] 4,218,000
-  Tibet (China) 4,200,000
-  Australia[1] (UK) 3,765,300
- Dominion of Ceylon Ceylon[1] (UK) 3,912,000
29  Morocco[1] 3,800,000
30 Bulgaria Bulgaria[1] 3,744,300
31  Nepal[1] 3,599,000
- German Empire Cameroon (Germany) 3,500,000
- German Empire German East Africa (Germany) 3,500,000
32   Switzerland[1] 3,315,400
33  Chile[1] 3,110,100
34  Peru[1] 3,000,000
- France Cochin-China[1] (France) 2,968,500
- Empire of Japan Taiwan[5] (Japan) 2,758,161
- German Empire Ruanda-Urundi (Germany) 2,700,000
- France Sudan[1] (France) 2,672,000
- Russian Empire Finland[1] (Russia) 2,655,900
35  Serbia[1][j] 2,579,800
- Cape Colony (UK) 2,500,000
36  Venezuela[1] 2,445,000
37  Denmark[1] 2,430,000
- France Madagascar[1] (France) 2,249,500
- Portugal Portuguese East Africa[1] (Portugal) 2,239,000
- France Upper Volta[1] (France) 2,222,000
- Norway Norway[1] (Union between Sweden and Norway} 2,218,000
- Tunisia Tunis[1] (France) 1,900,000
38  Bolivia[1] 1,766,000
-  Uganda[1][k] (UK) 1,649,900
- United States Cuba[1] (United States) 1,600,000
-  Gold Coast[1] (UK) 1,486,400
- France Niger[1] (France) 1,459,000
- France French Guinea (France)[l] 1,459,000
-  Kenya[1] (UK) 1,352,000
-  South African Republic 1,400,000
- France Ivory Coast[1] (France) 1,355,000
39  Ecuador[1] 1,271,900
- Russia Bukhara (Russia) 1,250,000
- France Senegal[1] (France) 1,200,000
-  Cambodia[1][m] (France) 1,103,000
- United Kingdom Sierra Leone[1] (UK) 1,027,000
- United States Porto Rico[1] (United States) 986,000
40  Uruguay[1] 943,000
- United Kingdom Natal[1][n] (UK) 925,100
- German Empire Togoland (Germany) 920,000
- United Kingdom Malaya (UK) 900,000
41  Guatemala[1] 885,000
- Nyasaland[1] (UK) 717,000
- France Chad[1] (France) 675,000
-  New Zealand[1] (UK) 802,200
42  El Salvador[1] 801,000
-  Northern Rhodesia (UK) 770,000
-  Jamaica[1] (UK) 720,000
-  Southern Rhodesia[1] (UK) 692,000
43  Liberia[1] 641,000
44  Paraguay[1] 635,600
- France Oubangui-Chari (France) 630,000
-  Dominican Republic[1] (UK) 600,000
- France Dahomey (France) 570,000
-  Straits Settlements (UK) 550,000
45 Honduras Spanish Honduras[1] 543,700
- France Mauretania[1] (France) 502,000
46 Muscat and Oman 500,000
- Sarawak (UK) 500,000
- Portugal Portuguese India (Portugal) 475,000
- France Laos[1] (France) 473,000
47  Nicaragua[1] 429,300
- Italy Italian Somaliland (Italy) 400,000
- Russia Khiva (Russia) 400,000
48 Orange Free State 400,000
- United Kingdom Territory of Papua (UK, de facto Australia) 400,000
- United Kingdom Basutoland (UK) 383,000
- United Kingdom Mauritius (UK) 375,000
49  Costa Rica 341,600
- Hong Kong Hong Kong (UK) 325,000
50  Montenegro 320,000
- United Kingdom Trinidad and Tobago (UK) 320,000
- Crete (Ottoman Empire) 310,000
-  North Borneo (UK) 300,000
-  British Guiana (UK) 300,000
- British Somaliland (UK) 300,000
- Portugal Portuguese Timor (Portugal) 300,000
-  Bhutan (Indian Empire) 280,000
- France French India (France) 280,000
- France French Congo (France) 280,000
- Portugal Azores (Portugal) 260,000
51  Luxembourg 252,000
- United Kingdom Zanzibar (UK) 250,000
- United Kingdom Cyprus (UK) 240,000
- France Gabon (France) 240,000
- Dominion of Newfoundland Newfoundland (UK) 230,000
- Italy Eritrea (Italy) 220,000
- German Empire German South-West Africa (Germany) 210,000
- Portugal Guinea (Portugal) 200,000
-  Malta (UK) 195,000
- France Guadeloupe (France) 190,000
- German Empire German New Guinea (Germany) 188,000
- France Kwang-Chou-Wan (France) 185,000
- France Martinique (France) 185,000
-  Barbados (UK) 182,000
- France Réunion (France) 178,000
- United Kingdom Gambia (UK) 165,000
- Portugal Madeira (Portugal) 160,000
- Hawaii Hawaii (United States) 154,000
- Spain Spanish Guinea (or Rio Muni) (Spain) 150,000
- Portugal Cape Verde (Portugal) 140,000
- United Kingdom British Solomon Islands (UK) 135,000
-  Fiji (UK) 125,000
- France Comoros (France) 112,000
- United Kingdom Bechuanaland (UK) 90,000
- United Kingdom Swaziland (UK) 90,000
- Netherlands Surinam (Netherlands) 86,000
-  Iceland (Denmark) 82,000
- Portugal Macau (Portugal) 80,000
- United Kingdom Bahrain (UK) 70,000
- United Kingdom Grenada (UK) 70,000
- United Kingdom Trucial Oman (UK) 70,000
- United States Alaska (United States) 63,592
- Portugal São Tomé and Príncipe (Portugal) 61,000
- German Empire Kiaochow (Germany) 60,000
- India Sikkim (Indian Empire) 60,000
-  Isle of Man (UK) 57,000
- United Kingdom Maldives (UK) 56,000
- United Kingdom Bahamas (UK) 55,000
-  Jersey (UK) 54,000
- France New Caledonia (France) 54,000
- France French Somaliland (France) 50,000
- German Empire German Solomon Islands (Germany) 50,000
- United Kingdom France New Hebrides (UK and France) 50,000
- United Kingdom Saint Lucia (UK) 50,000
- United Kingdom Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (UK) 49,000
- Colony of Aden Aden Protectorate (UK) 45,000
-  British Honduras (UK) 45,000
- United Kingdom Saint Kitts (with Nevis) (UK) 45,000
- Netherlands Netherlands Antilles (Netherlands) 44,000
-  Guernsey (UK) 42,000
- United Kingdom Kuwait (UK) 40,000
- Spain Rio de Oro (Spain) 40,000
- German Empire German Samoa (Germany) 37,000
- German Empire Caroline Islands (Germany) 36,000
- United Kingdom Antigua (with Barbuda and Redonda) (UK) 35,000
- United Kingdom Dominica (UK) 32,000
- United Kingdom Gilbert Islands (UK) 30,000
- France French Polynesia (France) 30,000
- United Kingdom Gibraltar (UK) 29,000
- Denmark Danish Virgin Islands (Denmark) 28,000
- Spain Fernando Po (Spain) 25,000
- France French Guiana (France) 24,000
- United Kingdom Brunei (UK) 22,000
- Spain Spanish Morocco [o] (Spain) 22,000
- United Kingdom Seychelles (UK) 22,000
-  Tonga (UK) 21,000
- United Kingdom Bermuda (UK) 20,000
52  Monaco 19,000
- Denmark Faroe Islands (Denmark) 17,000
- German Empire Micronesia (Germany) 15,000
- United Kingdom Witu (UK) 15,000
- German Empire Marshall Islands (Germany) 15,000
- Denmark Greenland (Denmark) 13,000
- United States Guam (United States) 12,000
- United Kingdom Montserrat (UK) 12,000
- United Kingdom Qatar (UK) 11,000
53  San Marino 11,000
54  Liechtenstein 10,000
55  Andorra 6,000
- New Zealand Cook Islands (UK) 6,000
- United States American Samoa (United States) 6,000
- France Wallis and Futuna (France) 6,000
-  Turks and Caicos Islands (UK) 5,500
- United Kingdom British Virgin Islands (UK) 5,000
-  Cayman Islands (UK) 5,000
- France Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France) 5,000
- United Kingdom Anguilla (UK) 4,500
-  Saint Helena (UK) 4,500
- German Empire Palau (Germany) 4,000
-  Niue (UK) 4,000
- Spain Elobey, Annobón and Corisco (Spain) 3,000
- Neutral Moresnet 3,000
- German Empire Mariana Islands (Germany) 2,500
- United Kingdom Ellice Islands (UK) 2,400
-  Falkland Islands (UK) 2,300
- German Empire Nauru (Germany) 1,500
- Straits Settlements Christmas Island (UK) 900
- Straits Settlements Cocos Islands (UK) 650
- United Kingdom Tokelau Islands (UK) 500
- Pitcairn Islands Pitcairn Islands (UK) 170
- United Kingdom Ascension Island (UK) 100
- United Kingdom Tristan da Cunha (UK) 95
- United Kingdom Phoenix Islands (UK) 69
56 Tavolara (claimed by Italy) 55

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Please see references for each constituent.
  2. ^ Officially the "Indian Empire". Comprises modern-day India, Pakistan and Bangladesh, and Burma.
  3. ^ excludes External Territories
  4. ^ Modern-day Indonesia
  5. ^ Highly centralized. Certain subdivisions, such as the Cretan State, were listed separately.
  6. ^ Does not include the tributary states of Egypt, Bulgaria, East Rumelia, Samos, or Thasos
  7. ^ Figures for Eritrean portion of Abyssinia from 1906.
  8. ^ Including modern-day Panama
  9. ^ Mostly Tihamah, Hejaz, Nejd, Hadramaut, Yemen
  10. ^ Figures for Serbia are from 1902.
  11. ^ Figures for Uganda are from 1902
  12. ^ Figures are for 1901.
  13. ^ Figures for Cambodia are from 1901.
  14. ^ Figures are from 1901.
  15. ^ Mainly Ceuta and Melilla.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce "Population statistics: historical demography". Various sources (below). Retrieved 3 March 2013. 
  2. ^ Statistik des Deutschen Reichs. Band 150: Die Volkszählung am 1. Dezember 1900 im Deutschen Reich. Berlin, 1903, according to Deutsche Verwaltungsgeschichte 1871 - 1990 © 2006 by Dr. Michael Rademacher M.A., http://www.verwaltungsgeschichte.de/fremdsprachen.html
  3. ^ Estimated population as of Jan, 1. 1900. Meiji go-nen ikō wagakoku no jinkō (1930). [1].
  4. ^ 권태환 신용하 (1977). 조선왕조시대 인구추정에 관한 일시론 (in Korean). 
  5. ^ Population as of December 31, 1899, based on koseki registration system. The first census population of Taiwan was 3,039,751 on October 1, 1905. Taiwan genjū jinkō tōkei-hyō (1925).[2]
  • Kurt Witthauer. Bevölkerung der Erde (1958)
  • Calendario atlante de Agostini, anno 99 (2003)
  • The Columbia gazetteer of the world (1998)
  • Britannica book of the year : world data (1997)