List of countries by population in 1900

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Historical Demographics
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1800 1900 1907
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This is a list of countries by population in 1900. Estimate numbers are from the beginning of the year and exact population figures are for countries that were having a census in the year 1900 which were on various dates in the year 1900.

Rank Country/Territory Population c. 1900 estimate[1]
World 1,700,000,000
 British Empire[a] 436,259,084
1  Qing China[1] 400,000,000
2  Indian Empire[b][1] (UK) 330,567,600
 Russian Empire (Including Finland and Poland) 136,305,900
3  Russian Empire (excluding Finland and Poland) 119,546,234
 France (including colonies) 78,790,700
4  United States[c][1] (US proper only) 75,994,575
 Russian Empire[1] (Russia Proper Only) 71,162,000
5  Germany[2] 56,367,178
6  Austria-Hungary[1] 47,295,100
 Empire of Japan (Includes Taiwan) 46,605,000
7  Dutch East Indies[d][1] (Netherlands) 42,746,000
8  Empire of Japan[3] (Japan proper only) 43,847,000
9  United Kingdom[1] (Including Ireland) 39,875,900
10 French Third Republic France (Metropolitan France only)[1] 38,900,000
11  Italy[1] 32,475,000
 Ottoman Empire[e][f][1] 31,706,300
12 Spain Spain[1] 18,594,000
13 Brazil Brazil[1] 17,984,000
14  Korean Empire[4] 17,082,000
15  Mexico[1] 13,607,000
Portugal Portuguese Empire 12,434,000
16 Ethiopia Abyssinia[1][g] 12,180,600
Egypt Egypt[1] (UK) 10,186,000
United States Philippine Islands[1] (United States) 10,990,030
17 Persia[1] 9,860,000
United Kingdom Northern Nigeria (UK) 8,500,000
United Kingdom Southern Nigeria (UK) 7,500,000
Union Jack of Sweden and Norway (1844-1905).svg Union between Sweden and Norway[1] 7,354,400
18  Belgium[1] 6,693,500
19 Thailand Siam[1] 6,320,000
20  Romania[1] 6,000,000
France Tongking[1] (France) 6,000,000
Egypt Anglo-Egyptian Sudan[1] (UK/Egypt) 5,588,000
21 Portugal Portugal[1] (Portugal proper only) 5,450,000
 Canada[1] (UK) 5,301,000
22 Sweden Sweden[1] (Union between Sweden and Norway) 5,136,400
23  Netherlands[1] 5,104,100
24  Afghanistan[1] 4,550,000
25 Greece Greece[1] 4,962,000
Portugal Portuguese West Africa[1] (Portugal) 4,790,000
French Indochina Annam[1] (France) 4,620,000
France Algeria[1] (France) 4,675,000
26  Colombia[h][1] 4,157,000
27  Argentina[1] 4,542,000
Ireland Ireland[1] (UK) 4,470,000
28 Arabia[i] 4,218,000
 Tibet (China) 4,200,000
 Australia[1] (UK) 3,765,300
Dominion of Ceylon Ceylon[1] (UK) 3,912,000
29  Morocco[1] 3,800,000
30 Bulgaria Bulgaria[1] 3,744,300
31  Nepal[1] 3,599,000
German Empire Cameroon (Germany) 3,500,000
German Empire German East Africa (Germany) 3,500,000
32   Switzerland[1] 3,315,400
33  Chile[1] 3,110,100
34  Peru[1] 3,000,000
France Cochin-China[1] (France) 2,968,500
Empire of Japan Taiwan[5] (Japan) 2,758,161
German Empire Ruanda-Urundi (Germany) 2,700,000
France Sudan[1] (France) 2,672,000
Russian Empire Finland[1] (Russia) 2,655,900
35  Serbia[1][j] 2,579,800
Cape Colony (UK) 2,500,000
36  Venezuela[1] 2,445,000
37  Denmark[1] 2,430,000
France Madagascar[1] (France) 2,249,500
Portugal Portuguese East Africa[1] (Portugal) 2,239,000
France Upper Volta[1] (France) 2,222,000
Norway Norway[1] (Union between Sweden and Norway) 2,218,000
Tunisia Tunis[1] (France) 1,900,000
38  Bolivia[1] 1,766,000
 Uganda[1][k] (UK) 1,649,900
United States Cuba[1] (United States) 1,600,000
 Gold Coast[1] (UK) 1,486,400
France Niger[1] (France) 1,459,000
France French Guinea (France)[l] 1,459,000
 Kenya[1] (UK) 1,352,000
 South African Republic 1,400,000
France Ivory Coast[1] (France) 1,355,000
39  Ecuador[1] 1,271,900
Russia Bukhara (Russia) 1,250,000
France Senegal[1] (France) 1,200,000
 Cambodia[1][m] (France) 1,103,000
United Kingdom Sierra Leone[1] (UK) 1,027,000
United States Porto Rico[1] (United States) 986,000
40  Uruguay[1] 943,000
United Kingdom Natal[1][n] (UK) 925,100
German Empire Togoland (Germany) 920,000
United Kingdom Malaya (UK) 900,000
41  Guatemala[1] 885,000
Nyasaland[1] (UK) 717,000
France Chad[1] (France) 675,000
 New Zealand[1] (UK) 802,200
42  El Salvador[1] 801,000
 Northern Rhodesia (UK) 770,000
 Jamaica[1] (UK) 720,000
 Southern Rhodesia[1] (UK) 692,000
43  Liberia[1] 641,000
44  Paraguay[1] 635,600
France Oubangui-Chari (France) 630,000
 Dominican Republic[1] (UK) 600,000
France Dahomey (France) 570,000
 Straits Settlements (UK) 550,000
45 Honduras Spanish Honduras[1] 543,700
France Mauretania[1] (France) 502,000
46 Muscat and Oman 500,000
Sarawak (UK) 500,000
Portugal Portuguese India (Portugal) 475,000
France Laos[1] (France) 473,000
47  Nicaragua[1] 429,300
Italy Italian Somaliland (Italy) 400,000
Russia Khiva (Russia) 400,000
48 Orange Free State 400,000
United Kingdom Territory of Papua (UK, de facto Australia) 400,000
United Kingdom Basutoland (UK) 383,000
United Kingdom Mauritius (UK) 375,000
49  Costa Rica 341,600
Hong Kong Hong Kong (UK) 325,000
50  Montenegro 320,000
United Kingdom Trinidad and Tobago (UK) 320,000
Crete (Ottoman Empire) 310,000
 North Borneo (UK) 300,000
 British Guiana (UK) 300,000
British Somaliland (UK) 300,000
Portugal Portuguese Timor (Portugal) 300,000
 Bhutan (Indian Empire) 280,000
France French India (France) 280,000
France French Congo (France) 280,000
Portugal Azores (Portugal) 260,000
51  Luxembourg 252,000
United Kingdom Zanzibar (UK) 250,000
United Kingdom Cyprus (UK) 240,000
France Gabon (France) 240,000
Dominion of Newfoundland Newfoundland (UK) 230,000
Italy Eritrea (Italy) 220,000
German Empire German South-West Africa (Germany) 210,000
Portugal Guinea (Portugal) 200,000
 Malta (UK) 195,000
France Guadeloupe (France) 190,000
German Empire German New Guinea (Germany) 188,000
France Kwang-Chou-Wan (France) 185,000
France Martinique (France) 185,000
 Barbados (UK) 182,000
France Réunion (France) 178,000
United Kingdom Gambia (UK) 165,000
Portugal Madeira (Portugal) 160,000
Hawaii Hawaii (United States) 154,000
Spain Spanish Guinea (or Rio Muni) (Spain) 150,000
Portugal Cape Verde (Portugal) 140,000
United Kingdom British Solomon Islands (UK) 135,000
 Fiji (UK) 125,000
France Comoros (France) 112,000
United Kingdom Bechuanaland (UK) 90,000
United Kingdom Swaziland (UK) 90,000
Netherlands Surinam (Netherlands) 86,000
 Iceland (Denmark) 82,000
Portugal Macau (Portugal) 80,000
United Kingdom Bahrain (UK) 70,000
United Kingdom Grenada (UK) 70,000
United Kingdom Trucial Oman (UK) 70,000
United States Alaska (United States) 63,592
Portugal São Tomé and Príncipe (Portugal) 61,000
German Empire Kiaochow (Germany) 60,000
India Sikkim (Indian Empire) 60,000
 Isle of Man (UK) 57,000
United Kingdom Maldives (UK) 56,000
United Kingdom Bahamas (UK) 55,000
 Jersey (UK) 54,000
France New Caledonia (France) 54,000
France French Somaliland (France) 50,000
German Empire German Solomon Islands (Germany) 50,000
United Kingdom France New Hebrides (UK and France) 50,000
United Kingdom Saint Lucia (UK) 50,000
United Kingdom Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (UK) 49,000
Colony of Aden Aden Protectorate (UK) 45,000
 British Honduras (UK) 45,000
United Kingdom Saint Kitts (with Nevis) (UK) 45,000
Netherlands Netherlands Antilles (Netherlands) 44,000
 Guernsey (UK) 42,000
United Kingdom Kuwait (UK) 40,000
Spain Rio de Oro (Spain) 40,000
German Empire German Samoa (Germany) 37,000
German Empire Caroline Islands (Germany) 36,000
United Kingdom Antigua (with Barbuda and Redonda) (UK) 35,000
United Kingdom Dominica (UK) 32,000
United Kingdom Gilbert Islands (UK) 30,000
France French Polynesia (France) 30,000
United Kingdom Gibraltar (UK) 29,000
Denmark Danish Virgin Islands (Denmark) 28,000
Spain Fernando Po (Spain) 25,000
France French Guiana (France) 24,000
United Kingdom Brunei (UK) 22,000
Spain Spanish Morocco[o] (Spain) 22,000
United Kingdom Seychelles (UK) 22,000
 Tonga (UK) 21,000
United Kingdom Bermuda (UK) 20,000
52  Monaco 19,000
Denmark Faroe Islands (Denmark) 17,000
German Empire Micronesia (Germany) 15,000
United Kingdom Witu (UK) 15,000
German Empire Marshall Islands (Germany) 15,000
Denmark Greenland (Denmark) 13,000
United States Guam (United States) 12,000
United Kingdom Montserrat (UK) 12,000
United Kingdom Qatar (UK) 11,000
53  San Marino 11,000
54  Liechtenstein 10,000
55  Andorra 6,000
New Zealand Cook Islands (UK) 6,000
United States American Samoa (United States) 6,000
France Wallis and Futuna (France) 6,000
 Turks and Caicos Islands (UK) 5,500
United Kingdom British Virgin Islands (UK) 5,000
 Cayman Islands (UK) 5,000
France Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France) 5,000
United Kingdom Anguilla (UK) 4,500
 Saint Helena (UK) 4,500
German Empire Palau (Germany) 4,000
 Niue (UK) 4,000
Spain Elobey, Annobón and Corisco (Spain) 3,000
Neutral Moresnet 3,000
German Empire Mariana Islands (Germany) 2,500
United Kingdom Ellice Islands (UK) 2,400
 Falkland Islands (UK) 2,300
German Empire Nauru (Germany) 1,500
Straits Settlements Christmas Island (UK) 900
Straits Settlements Cocos Islands (UK) 650
United Kingdom Tokelau Islands (UK) 500
Pitcairn Islands Pitcairn Islands (UK) 170
United Kingdom Ascension Island (UK) 100
United Kingdom Tristan da Cunha (UK) 95
United Kingdom Phoenix Islands (UK) 69
56 Tavolara (claimed by Italy) 55

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Please see references for each constituent.
  2. ^ Officially the "Indian Empire". Comprises modern-day India, Pakistan and Bangladesh, and Burma.
  3. ^ excludes External Territories
  4. ^ Modern-day Indonesia
  5. ^ Highly centralized. Certain subdivisions, such as the Cretan State, were listed separately.
  6. ^ Does not include the tributary states of Egypt, Bulgaria, East Rumelia, Samos, or Thasos
  7. ^ Figures for Eritrean portion of Abyssinia from 1906.
  8. ^ Including modern-day Panama
  9. ^ Mostly Tihamah, Hejaz, Nejd, Hadramaut, Yemen
  10. ^ Figures for Serbia are from 1902.
  11. ^ Figures for Uganda are from 1902
  12. ^ Figures are for 1901.
  13. ^ Figures for Cambodia are from 1901.
  14. ^ Figures are from 1901.
  15. ^ Mainly Ceuta and Melilla.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce "Population statistics: historical demography". Various sources (below). Retrieved 3 March 2013. 
  2. ^ Statistik des Deutschen Reichs. Band 150: Die Volkszählung am 1. Dezember 1900 im Deutschen Reich. Berlin, 1903, according to Deutsche Verwaltungsgeschichte 1871 - 1990 © 2006 by Dr. Michael Rademacher M.A., http://www.verwaltungsgeschichte.de/fremdsprachen.html
  3. ^ Estimated population as of Jan, 1. 1900. Meiji go-nen ikō wagakoku no jinkō (1930). [1].
  4. ^ 권태환 신용하 (1977). 조선왕조시대 인구추정에 관한 일시론 (in Korean). 
  5. ^ Population as of December 31, 1899, based on koseki registration system. The first census population of Taiwan was 3,039,751 on October 1, 1905. Taiwan genjū jinkō tōkei-hyō (1925).[2]
  • Kurt Witthauer. Bevölkerung der Erde (1958)
  • Calendario atlante de Agostini, anno 99 (2003)
  • The Columbia gazetteer of the world (1998)
  • Britannica book of the year : world data (1997)