List of countries by population in 1900

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Historical Demographics
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1850 1900 1907
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This is a list of countries by population in 1900. Estimate numbers are from the beginning of the year and exact population figures are for countries that held a census on various dates in the year 1900.

Rank Country/Territory Population c. 1900 estimate[1] Percentage of

World Population

earth 1,700,100,000 -
1  British Empire[a]
constituents
~403,000,000 23.7%
2  Qing China[1]
constituents
400,000,000 23.5%
3  Russian Empire (including Finland and Poland)
constituents
136,305,900 8.0%
4  United States[1] (including colonies)
constituents
78,816,167 4.6%
5 France (including colonies)
constituents
78,790,700 4.6%
6 German Empire[2] (including colonies)
constituents
67,609,178 4.0%
7  Dutch Empire[b][1]
constituents
47,980,100 2.8%
8  Austria-Hungary[1][failed verification] 47,295,100 2.8%
9  Empire of Japan[3]
constituents
46,605,000 2.7%
10  Kingdom of Italy[1] (including colonies)
constituents
33,095,000 1.9%
11  Ottoman Empire[c][d][1]
constituents
    • Cretan State – 310,000
31,706,300 1.9%
12 Spain Spanish Empire[1]
constituents
18,834,000 1.1%
13 Brazil Brazil[1] 17,984,000 1.1%
14  Korean Empire[4] 17,082,000 1.0%
15 Belgian colonial empire[1]
constituents
15,426,500 0.9%
16  Mexico[1] 13,607,000 0.8%
17 Portugal Portuguese Empire
constituents
12,434,000 0.7%
18 Ethiopia Ethiopian Empire[1] (aka Abyssinia) 12,180,600[5] 0.7%
19 Sublime State of Iran[1] 9,860,000 0.6%
20 Philippines[1] 7,409,000 0.4%
21 Union Jack of Sweden and Norway (1844-1905).svg Union between Sweden and Norway[1]
constituents
7,354,400 0.4%
22  Morocco[6] 7,000,000 0.4%
23 Thailand Siam[1] 6,320,000 0.4%
24  Romania[1] 6,000,000 0.4%
25  Afghanistan[1] 4,550,000 0.3%
26  Argentina[1] 4,542,000 0.3%
27 Emirate of Jabal Shammr[e] ~4,218,000 ~0.2%
28  Colombia[f][1] 4,157,000 0.2%
29 Bulgaria Bulgaria[1] 3,744,300 0.2%
30  Nepal[1] (nominally independent British protectorate) 3,599,000 0.2%
31   Switzerland[1] 3,315,400 0.2%
32  Chile[1] 3,110,100 0.18%
33  Peru[1] 3,000,000 0.18%
34  Serbia[1][g] 2,579,800 0.15%
35  Denmark[1][h] (including overseas territories)
constituents
2,569,000 0.15%
36 Kingdom of Greece Greece[7] 2,504,070 0.15%
37  Venezuela[1] 2,445,000 0.14%
38  Bolivia[1] 1,766,000 0.10%
39  South African Republic 1,400,000
40  Ecuador[1] 1,271,900
41  Uruguay[1] 943,000
42  Guatemala[1] 885,000
43  El Salvador[1] 801,000
44  Liberia[1] 641,000
45  Paraguay[1] 635,600
46  Dominican Republic[1] 600,000
47 Honduras Honduras[1] 543,700
48 Muscat and Oman 500,000
49  Nicaragua[1] 429,300
50 Orange Free State 400,000
51  Costa Rica 341,600
52  Montenegro 320,000
53  Bhutan (nominally independent British protectorate) 280,000
54  Luxembourg 252,000
55  Monaco 19,000
56  San Marino 11,000
57  Liechtenstein 10,000
58  Andorra 6,000
59 Tavolara (claimed by Italy) 55[citation needed]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ please see references for each constituent.
  2. ^ modern-day Indonesia
  3. ^ Highly centralized. Certain subdivisions, such as the Cretan State, were listed separately.
  4. ^ does not include the tributary states of Egypt, Bulgaria, East Rumelia, Samos, or Thasos
  5. ^ Includes all of Saudi Arabia
  6. ^ including modern-day Panama
  7. ^ figures for Serbia are from 1902.
  8. ^ figures for Serbia are from 1902.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al "Population of Democratic Republic of Congo from 1800 to 2020". Statista. Various sources (below). Retrieved February 25, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  2. ^ Statistik des Deutschen Reichs. Band 150: Die Volkszählung am 1. Dezember 1900 im Deutschen Reich. Berlin, 1903, according to Deutsche Verwaltungsgeschichte 1871 – 1990 © 2006 by Dr. Michael Rademacher M.A., http://www.verwaltungsgeschichte.de/fremdsprachen.html
  3. ^ Estimated population as of Jan, 1. 1900. Meiji go-nen ikō wagakoku no jinkō (1930). [1].
  4. ^ 권태환 신용하 (1977). 조선왕조시대 인구추정에 관한 일시론 (in Korean).
  5. ^ Epstein, M. (2016-12-24). The Statesman's Year-Book: Statistical and Historical Annual of the States of the World for the Year 1933. Springer. ISBN 978-0-230-27062-6.
  6. ^ Martin, Frederick; Keltie, Sir John Scott; Renwick, Isaac Parker Anderson; Epstein, Mortimer; Steinberg, Sigfrid Henry; Paxton, John; (Librarian), Brian Hunter (1905). "The Statesman's Year-book".
  7. ^ Michalopoulos, Ioannis G., ed. (May 1931), Στατιστικὴ Ἑπετηρὶς τῆς Ἑλλάδος–1930 [Statistical Yearbook of Greece–1930] (PDF) (in Greek and French), Athens: Hellenic Statistical Authority, p. 23, archived from the original (PDF) on 3 March 2016
  • Kurt Witthauer. Bevölkerung der Erde (1958)
  • Calendario atlante de Agostini, anno 99 (2003)
  • The Columbia gazetteer of the world (1998)
  • Britannica book of the year : world data (1997)