List of countries by population in 1939

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1907 1939 1989
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Population distribution by country in 1939

This is a list of countries by population in 1939, providing an approximate overview of the world population before World War II. Estimate numbers are from the beginning of the year, and exact population figures are for countries that were having a census in the year 1939 (which were on various dates in that year).

Country/Territory Population c. 1939 Percentage of

World Population

  World[1] 2,300,000,000
 British Empire[2][3] 551,419,825 24.0%
 Empire of Japan[2][3] 304,119,000 13.2%
 Republic of China[3] 267,568,000 11.6%
 Soviet Union[5] 168,500,000 7.3%
 United States [3] 147,500,800 6.4%
French Empire[2][3][6] 114,386,572 5.0%
 Germany[2][3][8] 86,755,281 3.8%
 Netherlands[3] 78,366,300 3.4%
Kingdom of Italy Italian Empire[2][3][9] 56,532,624 2.5%
 Brazil[3] 40,289,000 1.8%
 Poland[3] 34,849,000 1.5%
Spanish Empire[3] 26,822,800 1.2%
Belgium Belgian Empire[3] 22,491,000 1.0%
 Mexico[3] 19,320,000 0.8%
 Portuguese Empire[3] 18,595,400 0.8%
 Turkey[3] 17,370,000 0.8%
 Egypt[3] 16,492,000 0.7%
 Romania[3] 15,970,000 0.7%
 Yugoslavia[3] 15,490,000 0.7%
 Siam[3] 15,023,000 0.7%
 Iran[3] 14,340,000 0.6%
 Argentina[3] 13,948,000 0.6%
 Hungary[3] 9,129,000 0.4%
 Colombia[3] 8,896,000 0.4%
 Afghanistan[3] 7,400,000 0.3%
 Greece[3] 7,222,000 0.3%
 Peru[3] 6,572,000 0.3%
 Bulgaria[3] 6,458,000 0.3%
 Sweden[3] 6,341,000 0.3%
Nepal Nepal[3] 6,087,000 0.3%
 Chile[3] 4,914,000 0.2%
 Cuba[3] 4,235,000 0.18%
 Switzerland[3] 4,210,000 0.18%
 Kingdom of Denmark[3][13][14] 3,839,400 0.17%
 Tibet[3] 3,722,000 0.16%
 Finland[3] 3,700,000 0.16%
 Iraq[3] 3,698,000 0.16%
 Morocco[3] 3,628,000 0.16%
 Slovakia[3] 3,577,000 0.16%
 Ireland[3] 2,960,000 0.13%
 Norway[3] 2,945,000 0.13%
 Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen[3][note 4] 2,775,000 0.12%
 Haiti[3] 2,707,000 0.12%
 Saudi Arabia[3] 2,670,000 0.12%
 Bolivia[3] 2,659,000 0.12%
 Lithuania[3] 2,575,000 0.11%
 Ecuador[3] 2,412,000 0.10%
 Guatemala[3] 2,150,000 0.093%
 Latvia[3] 1,994,500 0.087%
 Uruguay[3] 1,953,000 0.085%
 Dominican Republic[3] 1,634,000 0.071%
 El Salvador[3] 1,459,600 0.063%
 Estonia[3] 1,134,000 0.049%
 Honduras[3] 1,096,950 0.048%
 Albania[3] 1,073,000 0.047%
 Paraguay[3] 931,800 0.041%
 Mongolia[3] 819,000 0.036%
 Nicaragua[3] 806,000 0.035%
 Liberia[3] 780,000 0.034%
 Costa Rica[3] 623,400 0.027%
 Panama[3] 605,000 0.026%
 Danzig[15][note 5] 408,000 0.018%
 Luxembourg[3] 295,000 0.013%
 Monaco[3] 24,000 0.0010%
 San Marino[3] 14,500 0.00063%
 Liechtenstein[3] 13,000 0.00057%
 Andorra[3] 6,000 0.00026%
 Vatican City[3] 1,000 0.00004%

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The population of the Crown Colony of Aden was derived by taking the population ratio between North and South Yemen in 1975 (see reference) and applying that same distribution to both Yemens in 1939.
  2. ^ According to the preceding reference, French Morocco contained 90% of the Moroccan population in 1955. This ratio was used for the Moroccan population of 1939. Please update if more accurate information is available.
  3. ^ Population distribution according to first reference was 10% in Spanish Morocco and 90% for French Morocco in 1955. This ratio was used to divide the 1939 total Moroccan population figures. Please update if more accurate information is found.
  4. ^ The population of the Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen was derived by taking the population ratio between North and South Yemen in 1975 (see reference) and applying that same distribution to both Yemens in 1939
  5. ^ The figures for Danzig are from 1929.

Constituents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "U.S. Census BureauWorld Population Historical Estimates of World Population". Retrieved March 4, 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d e Mark Harrison, ed. (1998), "The Economics of WWII"., Cambridge University Press |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo "Population Statistics". Library.uu.nl. Retrieved 21 September 2016.
  4. ^ "Abstract of Statistics 2011" (PDF). H.M. Government of Gibraltar Statistics Office.
  5. ^ A. G. Volkov Census of 1937 Facts and Fictions originally published in Перепись населения СССР 1937 года. История и материалы/Экспресс-информация. Серия "История статистики". Выпуск 3–5 (часть II). М., 1990/ с. 6–63
  6. ^ Tony Chafer, The end of empire in French West Africa: France's successful decolonisation? (2002)see Chafer abstract
  7. ^ a b "Spanish Morocco".
  8. ^ Statistisches Jahrbuch für das Deutsche Reich, 1919–1941/42
  9. ^ Istat (December 2010). "I censimenti nell'Italia unita I censimenti nell'Italia unita Le fonti di stato della popolazione tra il XIX e il XXI secolo ISTITUTO NAZIONALE DI STATISTICA SOCIETÀ ITALIANA DI DEMOGRAFIA STORICA Le fonti di stato della popolazione tra il XIX e il XXI secolo" (PDF). Annali di Statistica. XII. 2: 269. Retrieved 21 September 2016.
  10. ^ Annuario Generale, Consociazione Turistica Italiana, Roma, 1938
  11. ^ Grasselli, Enrico. "L’esercito italiano in Francia e in Oriente" p. 370-371
  12. ^ William Stanton (2004), "The Rapid Growth of Human Populations 1750-2000: Histories, Consequences, Issues, Nation by Nation"., Multi-Science Publishing Co. Ltd., retrieved May 13, 2017
  13. ^ Statistical yearbooks of Denmark
  14. ^ Statistics Faroe Islands Archived 2011-05-11 at the Wayback Machine.
  15. ^ Mason, John Brown (1946). The Danzig Dilemma, A Study in Peacemaking by Compromise. Stanford University Press. ISBN 978-0-8047-2444-9. Retrieved 2011-04-26.