List of countries by prevalence of opiates use

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This is a list of countries (and some territories) by the annual prevalence of opiates use as percentage of the population aged 15–64 (unless otherwise indicated).

The primary source of information are the World Drug Report 2011 (WDR 2011) and the World Drug Report 2006 (WDR 2006),[1][2] published by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). The indicator is the "annual prevalence" rate which is shown as the percentage of the youth and adult population who have consumed the drugs at least once in the past year. The largest producer of opiates in the world is Afghanistan to a total of 93% of the world's market.[3]

The list does not include opioids, which is classified as a different drug under the World Drug Report 2011 list, which is considered "opiates and prescription opioids."

Country or Entity Annual prevalence
(percent)
Year Sources and notes
 Afghanistan 3.65 2015 [1]
 Iran 3.31 2015 [4]
 Russia 1.64 2007 [1]
 Maldives 1.34 2012 [4]
 Ukraine 1.16 2006 [1]
 Macau 1.1 2003 [2]
 United States of America 1.04 2016 [4]
 Kazakhstan 1.03 2015 [4]
 Pakistan 1.00 2012 [4]
 Malaysia 0.94 2009 [1]
 Uzbekistan 0.93 2015 [4]
 Mauritius 0.91 2007 [1]
 Kyrgyzstan 0.89 2015 [4]
 Estonia 0.81 2004 [1]
 Myanmar 0.8 2010 [1]
 Belarus 0.76 2016 [4]
 United Kingdom 0.73 2012 [5]
 Georgia 0.72 2010 [4]
 Ireland 0.72 2006 [4]
 Nigeria 0.7 2008 [1]
 Luxembourg 0.59 2007 [4]
 Malta 0.59 2015 [4]
 Vietnam 0.53 2011 [4]
 Italy 0.52 2014 [4]
 Tajikistan 0.52 2015 [4]
 Denmark 0.52 2009 [4]
 France 0.52 2011 [4]
 Bulgaria 0.5 2011 [4]
 North Macedonia 0.5 2004 [2]
 Austria 0.5 2002 [2]
 Latvia 0.49 2016 [4]
 Portugal 0.49 2012 [4]
 Slovenia 0.49 2012 [4]
 Albania 0.45 2007 [4]
 Switzerland 0.43 2015 [4]
 South Africa 0.41 2008 [4]
 Zambia 0.4 2003 [2] (UNODC estimates)
 Canada 0.4 2000 [2] " (Ontario, 18+)"
 Belgium 0.4 1997 [2]
 Nepal 0.4 1996 [2]
 Czech Republic 0.4 2003 [2]
 India 0.4 2001 [2]
 Israel 0.40 2016 [4] (18-65)
 Laos 0.37 2008 [4]
 Bangladesh 0.37 2003 [4]
 Croatia 0.35 2012 [4]
 Turkmenistan 0.32 2007 [4]
 Angola 0.3 2001 [2] (UNODC estimates)
 Taiwan 0.3 2002 [2] (UNODC estimates)
 Bahrain 0.3 1998 [2]
 Iceland 0.3 1998 [2] (UNODC estimates)
 Sri Lanka 0.30 2016 [4]
 Chile 0.3 2010 [2] (12-64)
 Norway 0.27 2013 [4]
 Cyprus 0.25 2015 [4]
 Lithuania 0.24 2007 [4]
 Greece 0.23 2015 [4]
 Germany 0.22 2014 [4]
 Kenya 0.22 2012 [4]
 Spain 0.21 2014 [4]
 Thailand 0.20 2007 [4]
 Australia 0.20 2016 [4]
 Armenia 0.2 2007 [4]
 Somalia 0.2 2004 [2]
 Bahamas 0.2 2003 [2] (UNODC estimates)
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 0.2 2004 [2]
 Azerbaijan 0.2 2000 [2]
 Chad 0.2 1995 [2]
 Liberia 0.2 2004 [2]
 Sierra Leone 0.2 1997 [2]
 South Korea 0.2 2004 [2]
 Hong Kong 0.2 2004 [2]
 Indonesia 0.2 2002 [2] (UNODC estimates)
 China 0.2 2003 [2]
 Guatemala 0.2 [2] (UNODC estimates)
 Panama 0.2 [2] (Tentative estimates)
 Lebanon 0.2 2003 [2]
 Kuwait 0.2 2004 [2] (UNODC estimates)
 Jordan 0.2 2001 [2]
 Uruguay 0.2 2003 [2] (UNODC estimates)
 Poland 0.2 2002 [2]
 Romania 0.17 2016 [4]
 Netherlands 0.13 2012 [4]
 Slovakia 0.13 2008 [4]
 Hungary 0.13 2015 [4] (18-64)
 El Salvador 0.11 2005 [4]
 Barbados 0.11 2006 [4]
 Brazil 0.1 2016 [4]
 New Zealand 0.10 2008 [4]
 Argentina 0.1 2004 [2]
 Colombia 0.1 2004 [2] (UNODC estimates)
 Rwanda 0.1 2004 [2]
 Dominican Republic 0.1 2001 [2] (12-70) (UNODC estimates)
 Algeria 0.1 2004 [2] (UNODC estimates)
 Libya 0.1 2004 [2] (UNODC estimates)
 Thailand 0.1 2003 [2]
 Ghana 0.1 2004 [2]
 Republic of the Congo 0.1 2004 [2]
 Central African Republic 0.1 2004 [2]
 Niger 0.1 2004 [2]
 Japan 0.1 2002 [2]
 Costa Rica 0.1 [2] (UNODC estimates)
 Honduras 0.1 1995 [2]
 Mexico 0.1 2002 [2]
 Venezuela 0.1 2003 [2] (UNODC estimates)
 Ecuador 0.1 1999 [2] (UNODC estimates)
 Finland 0.1 2002 [2]
 Sweden 0.1 2001 [2]
 Oman 0.09 1999 [2]
 Yemen 0.09 1999 [2] (Tentative estimates)
 Moldova 0.07 2000 [2]
 Ethiopia 0.05 [2] (Tentative estimates)
 Uganda 0.05 2004 [2]
 Antigua and Barbuda 0.05 2000 [2]
 Turkey 0.05 2003 [2]
 Bolivia 0.07 2004 [4]
 Zimbabwe 0.04 2004 [2]
 Tunisia 0.03 2003 [2]
 Namibia 0.03 2000 [2]
 Senegal 0.08 2006 [4]
 Suriname 0.02 1998 [2]
 Tanzania 0.02 1998 [2]
 Morocco 0.02 2004 [2]
 United Arab Emirates 0.02 2004 [2] (UNODC estimates)
 Syria 0.02 2005 [2]
 Cote d'Ivoire 0.01 1997 [2]
 Brunei Darussalam 0.01 1998 [2]
 Saudi Arabia 0.01 2000 [2]
 Qatar 0.01 1996 [2]
 Singapore 0.004 2004 [2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "World Drug Report 2011" (PDF). United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. 2011.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt "World Drug Report 2006". United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. 2006.
  3. ^ "World Drug Report 2009" (PDF). United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax "Prevalence of drug use in the general population - national data" (XLS). United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. 2018. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
  5. ^ "Estimates of the Prevalence of Opiate Use and/or Crack Cocaine Use, 2011/12: Sweep 8 Summary Report" (PDF). NTA NHS Report. NHS. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 June 2017. Retrieved 10 January 2017.

External links[edit]