List of countries by prevalence of opiates use

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This is a list of countries (and some territories) by the annual prevalence of opiates use as percentage of the population aged 15–64 (unless otherwise indicated).

The primary source of information are the World Drug Report 2011 (WDR 2011) and the World Drug Report 2006 (WDR 2006),[1][2] published by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). The indicator is the "annual prevalence" rate which is shown as the percentage of the youth and adult population who have consumed the drugs at least once in the past year. The largest producer of opiates in the world is Afghanistan to a total of 93% of the world's market.[3]

The list does not include opioids, which is classified as a different drug under the World Drug Report 2011 list, which is considered "opiates and prescription opioids."

Rank Country or Entity Annual prevalence (percent) Year Sources and notes
1  Afghanistan 2.65 2009 [1]
2  Ukraine 1.64 2007 [1]
3  United States 1.6 2012 [4]
4  Myanmar 1.16 2006 [1]
5  Russia 1.13 2010 [1]
6  Macau 1.1 2003 [2]
7  Thailand 0.94 2009 [1]
8  Seychelles 0.91 2007 [1]
9  Iran 0.9 2012 [1]
10  Luxembourg 0.9 2000 [2]
11  Lithuania 0.9 2001 [2]
12  Uzbekistan 0.89 2006 [1]
13  Estonia 0.81 2004 [1]
14  Italy 0.8 2004 [2]
15  Kyrgyzstan 0.8 2010 [1]
16  Kazakhstan 0.74 2006 [1]
17  United Kingdom 0.73 2012 [5]
18  Croatia 0.7 1999 [2]
19  Laos 0.7 2005 [2]
20  Nigeria 0.7 2008 [1]
21  Portugal 0.7 2000 [2]
22  Georgia 0.6 2000 [2]
23  Brazil 0.6 2001 [2] (12-65)
24  Spain 0.6 2000 [2]
25   Switzerland 0.6 2000 [2]
26  Latvia 0.6 2002/04 [2] (UNODC estimates)
27  Ireland 0.6 2001 [2]
28  Tajikistan 0.54 2004 [1]
29  India 0.5 2001 [2]
30  Malaysia 0.5 2001 [2]
31  Australia 0.5 2004 [2]
32  New Zealand 0.5 2001 [2]
33  Bulgaria 0.5 2001 [2]
34  Albania 0.5 2000 [2]
35  Macedonia 0.5 2004 [2]
36  Sweden 0.5 2000 [2] (16-64)
37  Slovenia 0.5 2001 [2]
38  Austria 0.5 2002 [2]
39  Malta 0.5 2003 [2]
40  Zambia 0.4 2003 [2] (UNODC estimates)
41  El Salvador 0.4 2004 [2] (UNODC estimates)
42  Canada 0.4 2000 [2] " (Ontario, 18+)"
43  Belgium 0.4 1997 [2]
44    Nepal 0.4 1996 [2]
45  Belarus 0.4 2003 [2] (UNODC estimates)
46  France 0.4 1999 [2]
47  Denmark 0.4 1997 [2]
48  Czech Republic 0.4 2003 [2]
49  Yemen 0.4 2001 [2]
50  South Africa 0.3 2004 [2] (UNODC estimates)
51  Turkmenistan 0.3 1998 [2] (Tentative estimates)
52  Armenia 0.3 2005 [2]
53  Angola 0.3 2001 [2] (UNODC estimates)
54  Taiwan 0.3 2002 [2] (UNODC estimates)
55  Vietnam 0.3 2002 [2]
56  Qatar 0.3 1998 [2]
57  Israel 0.3 2001 [2] (18-40)
58  Netherlands 0.3 2001 [2]
59  Germany 0.3 2003 [2]
60  Iceland 0.3 1998 [2] (UNODC estimates)
61  Greece 0.3 2004 [2]
62  Cyprus 0.3 2004 [2]
63  Sri Lanka 0.3 2004 [2] (UNODC estimates)
64  Slovakia 0.3 2002 [2]
65  Bangladesh 0.3 [2]
66  Hungary 0.3 2003 [2] (18-54)
67  Romania 0.3 2002 [2] (UNODC estimates)
68  Kenya 0.2 2004 [2]
69  Somalia 0.2 2004 [2]
70  Bahamas 0.2 2003 [2] (UNODC estimates)
71  Democratic Republic of the Congo 0.2 2004 [2]
72  Azerbaijan 0.2 2000 [2]
73  Chad 0.2 1995 [2]
74  Liberia 0.2 2004 [2]
75  Sierra Leone 0.2 1997 [2]
76  South Korea 0.2 2004 [2]
77  Hong Kong 0.2 2004 [2]
78  Indonesia 0.2 2002 [2] (UNODC estimates)
79  China 0.2 2003 [2]
80  Guatemala 0.2 [2] (UNODC estimates)
81  Panama 0.2 [2] (Tentative estimates)
82  Kuwait 0.2 2003 [2]
83  Jordan 0.2 2004 [2] (UNODC estimates)
84  Iraq 0.2 2001 [2]
85  Chile 0.3 2010 [2] (12-64)
86  Uruguay 0.2 2003 [2] (UNODC estimates)
87  Maldives 0.2 2001 [2] (Tentative estimates)
88  Poland 0.2 2002 [2]
89  Argentina 0.1 2004 [2]
90  Colombia 0.1 2004 [2] (UNODC estimates)
91  Rwanda 0.1 2004 [2]
92  Dominican Republic 0.1 2001 [2] (12-70) (UNODC estimates)
93  Algeria 0.1 2004 [2] (UNODC estimates)
94  Libya 0.1 2004 [2] (UNODC estimates)
95  Kuwait 0.1 2003 [2]
96  Ghana 0.1 2004 [2]
97  Republic of the Congo 0.1 2004 [2]
98  Central African Republic 0.1 2004 [2]
99  Niger 0.1 2004 [2]
100  Japan 0.1 2002 [2]
101  Costa Rica 0.1 [2] (UNODC estimates)
102  Honduras 0.1 1995 [2]
103  Mexico 0.1 2002 [2]
104  Venezuela 0.1 2003 [2] (UNODC estimates)
105  Ecuador 0.1 1999 [2] (UNODC estimates)
106  Finland 0.1 2002 [2]
107  Norway 0.1 2001 [2]
108  Lebanon 0.09 1999 [2]
109  Syria 0.09 1999 [2] (Tentative estimates)
110  Moldova 0.07 2000 [2]
111  Ethiopia 0.05 [2] (Tentative estimates)
112  Uganda 0.05 2004 [2]
113  Antigua and Barbuda 0.05 2000 [2]
114  Turkey 0.05 2003 [2]
115  Bolivia 0.04 [2] (Tentative estimates)
116  Zimbabwe 0.04 2004 [2]
117  Tunisia 0.03 2003 [2]
118  Namibia 0.03 2000 [2]
119  Senegal 0.03 [2] (Tentative estimates)
120  Suriname 0.02 1998 [2]
121  Tanzania 0.02 1998 [2]
122  Morocco 0.02 2004 [2]
123  United Arab Emirates 0.02 2004 [2] (UNODC estimates)
124  Pakistan 0.02 2005 [2]
125  Barbados 0.01 [2] (Tentative estimates)
126  Cote d'Ivoire 0.01 1997 [2]
127  Brunei 0.01 1998 [2]
128  Saudi Arabia 0.01 2000 [2]
129  Bahrain 0.01 1996 [2]
130  Singapore 0.004 2004 [2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "World Drug Report 2011" (PDF). United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl "World Drug Report 2006". United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. 2006. 
  3. ^ "World Drug Report 2009" (PDF). United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. 
  4. ^ "US heroin use has increased almost fivefold in a decade, study shows". Guardian Source: Columbia University Mailman school of public health. Retrieved 5 February 2018. 
  5. ^ "Estimates of the Prevalence of Opiate Use and/or Crack Cocaine Use, 2011/12: Sweep 8 Summary Report" (PDF). NTA NHS Report. NHS. Retrieved 10 January 2017.