List of countries by proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities

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2002 World map of access to improved drinking water and progress towards achieving the internationally agreed goals on water and sanitation. Note: This does not utilize the same criteria as listed in this article.

This is a list of countries by the proportion of their population using improved sanitation facilities.

Methods[edit]

Figures used in this chart are based on data compiled and uploaded by the World Bank on May 2013 through their World Development Indicators initiative.[1] The information was provided by the respective governments of the listed countries. As the compiled figures are not collected with the same methodology and with different levels of rigor, there are limitations in their reliability in forming comparisons.

Sanitation as defined by the World Health Organization:

"Sanitation generally refers to the provision of facilities and services for the safe disposal of human urine and feces. Inadequate sanitation is a major cause of disease world-wide and improving sanitation is known to have a significant beneficial impact on health both in households and across communities. The word 'sanitation' also refers to the maintenance of hygienic conditions, through services such as garbage collection and wastewater disposal.[2]

The United Nations states that improved sanitation facilities "ensure hygienic separation of human excreta from human contact."[3] They include in their definition:

The Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation of WHO and UNICEF has defined improved sanitation as follows:

The World Bank states:[12]

Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population with at least adequate access to excreta disposal facilities that can effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta. Improved facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained.

Countries[edit]

To access the data for analysis, please go to this link hosted by The World Bank.

Country 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Afghanistan 29 29 29 29 29 29 30 30 31 32 32 33 34 34 35 35 37 37 37 37
Albania 76 76 77 77 77 78 79 80 81 82 84 85 86 87 88 90 91 91 93 94 94
Algeria 88 89 89 89 90 90 90 91 91 92 92 92 93 93 93 94 94 94 95 95 95
Andorra 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Angola 29 29 30 31 33 34 36 38 39 41 42 44 46 47 49 51 52 54 55 57 58
Armenia 88 88 88 88 88 88 88 88 89 89 89 89 89 89 89 90 90 90 90
Australia 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Austria 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Azerbaijan 57 57 57 57 57 60 62 65 67 69 72 74 77 79 82 82 82
Bahamas 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Bangladesh 39 39 39 40 41 42 42 44 45 46 47 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 53 54 56
Barbados 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Belarus 93 93 93 93 93 93 93 93 93 93 93 92 92 92 92 93 93 93 93 93 93
Belgium 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Belize 77 77 78 78 79 80 81 81 82 82 83 84 84 85 86 87 88 88 89 90 90
Benin 5 6 6 6 6 7 8 8 8 8 9 10 10 10 11 11 12 12 12 13 13
Bhutan 38 38 39 39 40 39 40 41 41 42 43 43 44 44
Bolivia 18 18 19 19 20 21 21 21 22 22 22 23 23 24 24 24 25 25 25 27 27
Bosnia and Herzegovina 95 95 95 95 95 95 95 96 96 96 96 95 95 95 95 95 95
Botswana 38 41 42 43 44 46 47 48 49 50 52 52 54 55 56 57 58 60 61 62 62
Brazil 68 68 69 69 70 71 71 72 73 73 74 74 75 76 76 76 78 78 78 78 79
Bulgaria 99 99 99 99 99 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Burkina Faso 8 8 8 8 8 9 9 10 10 11 11 12 12 13 14 14 15 15 16 17 17
Burundi 44 44 44 44 44 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46
Cambodia 9 9 9 9 9 10 11 12 14 15 17 18 20 21 23 24 25 26 28 29 31
Cameroon 48 48 48 48 48 48 49 48 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 48 49 49 49 49 49
Canada 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Cape Verde 35 36 36 37 37 39 41 42 44 46 48 49 52 53 55 56 58 60 61
Cayman Islands 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 96
Central African Republic 11 11 11 12 14 15 17 18 19 21 22 24 25 27 28 29 31 32 34 34 34
Chad 8 8 9 9 9 9 9 9 10 10 10 10 11 11 11 12 12 12 12 13 13
Chile 84 84 85 86 87 88 89 89 91 91 92 93 93 95 95 96 96 96 96 96 96
China 24 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 44 46 49 51 53 55 57 59 61 63 64
Colombia 67 67 68 69 69 70 70 71 71 72 73 73 74 74 74 75 75 76 77 77 77
Comoros 17 18 20 20 21 22 23 24 26 27 28 29 31 32 33 35 36 36 36 36 36
Congo, Dem. Rep. 9 9 9 9 11 12 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 21 23 23 24 24
Congo, Rep. 20 20 20 20 20 20 19 19 19 18 18 18 18 18
Costa Rica 93 93 94 94 94 94 94 94 94 94 95 95 95 95 95 95 95 95 95 95 95
Côte d'Ivoire 20 20 20 20 21 21 21 21 21 21 22 22 22 22 22 23 23 23 23 23 24
Croatia 99 99 99 99 99 99 99 99 99 99 99 99 99 99 99 99 99 99 99 99 99
Cuba 80 80 82 82 82 83 83 84 85 86 86 87 87 87 88 89 90 90 91 91 91
Cyprus 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Czech Republic 100 99 99 99 99 99 99 99 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98
Denmark 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Djibouti 66 67 66 66 66 65 63 63 62 60 60 59 57 56 55 54 52 52 50 50 50
Dominican Republic 73 74 74 74 75 76 77 77 78 78 78 79 80 81 81 81 82 82 83 83 83
Ecuador 69 70 72 73 75 76 78 79 81 82 83 85 86 88 89 90 92 92 92 92 92
Egypt 72 73 74 75 77 79 80 81 83 84 86 87 89 90 91 93 94 95 95 95 95
El Salvador 75 75 76 77 78 79 80 80 81 82 83 83 84 84 85 85 86 86 87 87 87
Estonia 95 95 95 95 95 95 95 95 95 95 95 95 95 95 95 95 95 95 95 95 95
Ethiopia 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 5 6 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 16 17 18 20 21
Fiji 61 62 64 65 67 68 70 71 72 74 75 76 78 79 80 81 83 83 83 83 83
Finland 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
France 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
French Polynesia 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98
Gabon 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 35 35 34 33 33 33 33 33 33
Gambia 60 60 60 61 61 61 62 62 63 63 64 65 65 66 67 67 68 68 68
Georgia 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 95 95 95 95 95 95 95 95 95 95 95 95
Germany 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Ghana 7 7 7 7 8 9 9 9 9 10 10 10 11 12 12 12 12 12 13 14 14
Greece 97 97 97 97 97 97 97 97 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98
Greenland 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Grenada 97 97 97 97 97 97 97 97 97 97 97 97 97 97 97 97 97 97 97 97 97
Guam 99 99 99 99 99 99 99 99 99 99 99 99 99 99 99 99 99 99 99 99 99
Guatemala 62 63 64 65 66 67 67 69 70 70 71 72 73 74 75 75 76 78 78 78 78
Guinea 10 11 11 11 11 12 13 13 13 14 14 15 15 16 16 16 17 17 18 18 18
Guinea-Bissau 13 13 13 13 13 13 14 14 15 16 16 17 18 18 19 19 20
Guyana 78 78 78 78 78 79 79 80 80 81 81 81 82 82 83 83 84
Haiti 26 26 27 27 26 25 24 23 23 22 22 21 21 20 19 19 18 18 17 17 17
Honduras 50 51 53 54 56 57 59 60 62 63 64 66 68 68 70 72 73 74 76 77 77
Hungary 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Iceland 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
India 18 18 19 20 20 21 22 23 24 25 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 31 32 33 34
Indonesia 32 33 34 36 37 38 40 41 42 44 44 45 46 47 49 50 50 51 52 54 54
Iran 79 79 79 79 81 82 84 85 86 88 90 91 92 94 96 97 98 99 100 100 100
Iraq 67 67 67 67 67 67 68 68 68 69 69 70 70 71 71 72 72 73 73 73
Ireland 99 99 99 99 99 99 99 99 99 99 99 99 99 99 99 99 99 99 99 99 99
Israel 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Jamaica 80 80 80 79 79 79 79 79 80 80 80 80 80 80 80 80 80 80 80 80 80
Japan 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Jordan 97 97 97 97 97 97 97 97 97 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98
Kazakhstan 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 97 97 97 97 97 97 97 97 97 97 97
Kenya 25 26 26 26 27 27 27 27 28 28 28 29 29 29 30 30 30 31 31 31 32
North Korea 53 53 53 53 53 55 57 59 61 63 65 67 68 70 72 74 76 78 80
South Korea 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Kuwait 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Kyrgyz Republic 93 93 93 93 93 93 93 93 93 93 93 93 93 93 93 93 93 93 93 93
Lao 16 17 17 18 18 22 26 30 33 37 41 45 48 52 56 60 63
Lesotho 24 24 24 24 24 25 25 25 25 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26
Liberia 10 11 10 11 11 11 12 12 12 13 14 15 15 16 16 17 18
Libya 97 97 97 97 97 97 97 97 97 97 97 97 97 97 97 97 97 97 97 97 97
Luxembourg 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Macedonia 88 88 88 88 88 88 88 88 88 88 88
Madagascar 9 10 10 10 10 11 11 11 11 11 12 12 12 13 13 14 14 14 14 15 15
Malawi 39 40 40 41 42 42 43 44 44 45 46 46 46 47 47 48 49 49 50 51 51
Malaysia 84 85 86 87 88 88 89 90 91 91 92 93 94 94 95 96 96 96 96 96 96
Maldives 68 68 68 68 68 70 72 74 76 78 79 82 83 86 87 89 91 93 94 96 97
Mali 15 15 16 16 17 17 17 17 18 18 18 18 19 19 20 20 20 21 21 21 22
Malta 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Marshall Islands 64 65 66 66 67 67 68 68 69 69 70 71 71 72 72 73 73 74 74 74 75
Mauritania 16 16 16 16 17 18 19 19 20 20 21 21 22 23 23 24 24 25 26 26 26
Mauritius 89 89 89 89 89 89 89 89 89 89 89 89 89 89 89 89 89 89 89 89 89
Mexico 64 65 66 67 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85
Moldova 76 76 76 76 76 77 78 78 79 79 80 81 81 82 82 83 84 85 85
Monaco 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Mongolia 50 50 50 50 49 49 49 49 49 50 50 50 50 50 50 51 51
Montenegro 90 90 90 90 90 90 90 90 90 90 90 90 90
Morocco 53 55 55 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 64 66 67 68 68 69 69 70 70 70
Mozambique 11 11 11 12 12 12 13 13 14 14 14 14 15 15 16 16 17 17 17 17 18
Myanmar 54 55 55 55 55 56 57 59 61 62 63 65 67 68 70 71 72 74 76 76
Namibia 24 24 25 25 26 26 27 27 27 28 28 29 29 29 30 30 31 31 31 32 32
Nepal 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
Netherlands 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Nicaragua 43 43 44 45 45 46 46 47 47 47 48 49 49 50 50 50 51 51 52 52 52
Niger 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 6 7 7 7 7 7 8 8 9 9 9 9 9 9
Nigeria 37 37 36 36 36 36 35 35 35 34 34 34 34 33 33 32 32 32 32 31 31
Norway 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Oman 82 83 84 84 85 86 87 87 88 89 90 91 92 92 94 95 96 96 98 99 99
Pakistan 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 36 36 37 39 39 40 42 43 43 45 45 46 48
Palau 65 65 66 66 68 71 73 76 79 82 84 87 90 93 95 98 99 100 100 100 100
Papua New Guinea 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 45 45 45 45
Paraguay 37 40 42 44 46 48 50 52 54 56 58 60 62 64 65 68 70 70 70 70 71
Peru 54 55 56 57 58 59 59 61 61 62 63 64 64 66 66 67 68 68 69 70 71
Philippines 57 58 58 60 60 61 62 63 64 65 65 66 67 68 69 70 70 72 72 73 74
Portugal 92 92 93 94 95 95 96 97 97 98 98 99 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Qatar 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Russia 74 73 73 73 73 73 73 73 72 72 72 72 71 71 71 71 71 71 71 71 70
Rwanda 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 45 46 47 48 49 50 50 51 53 53 54 55 55
St. Kitts and Nevis 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 96
St. Lucia 58 58 59 59 60 60 61 61 61 62 62 63 63 63 63 64 64 65 65 65 65
Samoa 99 99 99 99 99 99 99 99 99 99 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98
São Tomé and Príncipe 20 20 20 21 21 21 21 22 23 23 24 24 24 25 26 26 26
Senegal 38 39 39 40 41 41 42 43 43 44 45 46 46 47 48 49 49 50 50 51 52
Serbia 92 92 92 92 92 92 92 92 92 92 92
Sierra Leone 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 13
Singapore 99 99 99 99 99 99 99 100 100 100 100 100 99 99 99 100 100 100 100 101 100
Slovak Republic 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Slovenia 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Somalia 21 21 21 21 22 21 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 23 23 23 23 23
South Africa 71 72 72 72 72 72 73 74 74 74 75 75 76 76 77 77 77 77 78 79 79
Spain 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Sri Lanka 70 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 81 82 83 84 85 86 88 89 91 91 92 92
Sudan 27 26 26 27 27 27 26 26 26 26 27 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26
Suriname 80 80 80 80 81 81 81 81 81 82 82 82 82 82 82 83 83
Swaziland 48 48 48 48 49 49 50 51 51 51 52 52 53 54 54 55 55 55 56 57 57
Sweden 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Switzerland 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Syria 85 85 85 85 85 86 86 87 87 88 88 89 90 90 91 92 92 93 94 94 95
Tajikistan 89 89 89 89 89 89 89 90 90 91 92 92 93 94 94 94 94 94
Tanzania 7 7 7 7 7 8 8 8 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 10 10 10 10 10 10
Thailand 84 85 86 87 88 88 90 91 92 93 94 94 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 96
Timor-Leste 37 37 37 37 37 39 39 40 41 42 43 43 45 45 46 47
Togo 13 14 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13
Tonga 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 96
Trinidad and Tobago 93 93 93 93 93 92 92 92 92 92 92 92 92 92 92 92 92 92 92 92 92
Turkey 84 84 85 85 85 85 86 86 87 87 87 87 88 89 89 89 90 90 90 90 90
Turkmenistan 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98
Tuvalu 80 81 81 81 81 82 82 82 82 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 84 84 84 85
Uganda 27 28 28 29 29 29 29 29 30 30 30 31 31 32 32 32 33 33 34 34 34
Ukraine 95 95 95 95 95 95 95 95 95 95 95 95 95 95 95 94 94
United Arab Emirates 97 97 97 97 97 97 97 97 97 97 97 97 97 97 97 97 97 97 98 98 98
United Kingdom 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
United States 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Uruguay 94 94 94 94 94 94 95 95 96 96 96 97 98 99 99 99 100 100 100 100 100
Uzbekistan 84 84 83 83 83 85 86 87 88 90 91 92 94 94 96 97 98 100 100 100 100
Vanuatu 35 36 36 36 36 37 39 40 41 43 44 46 47 49 51 52 54 55 57
West Bank and Gaza 87 87 87 87 87 88 88 88 88 89 90 90 90 91 91 91 91 92 92 92
Vietnam 37 39 41 43 44 46 48 50 52 54 56 58 60 62 64 66 69 70 72 74 76
Yemen 24 25 27 28 31 32 33 35 37 38 39 41 43 44 45 47 49 50 52 52 53
Zambia 46 46 46 46 46 47 47 46 46 47 47 47 47 47 47 48 47 47 48 48 48
Zimbabwe 41 40 41 41 41 41 40 40 40 40 40 41 41 40 40 40 40 40 40 39 40

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SH.STA.ACSN
  2. ^ who.int
  3. ^ http://www.unicef.org/wcaro/overview_2570.html
  4. ^ WHO and UNICEF types of improved drinking-water source on the JMP website, WHO, Geneva and UNICEF, New York, accessed on June 10, 2012
  5. ^ WHO and UNICEF "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-10-03. Retrieved 2015-10-13.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link), ibid.
  6. ^ WHO and UNICEF "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-10-03. Retrieved 2015-10-13.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link), ibid.
  7. ^ WHO and UNICEF "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-10-03. Retrieved 2015-10-13.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link), ibid.
  8. ^ WHO and UNICEF "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-10-03. Retrieved 2015-10-13.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link), ibid.
  9. ^ WHO and UNICEF "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-10-03. Retrieved 2015-10-13.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link), ibid.
  10. ^ WHO and UNICEF "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-10-03. Retrieved 2015-10-13.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link), ibid.
  11. ^ WHO and UNICEF "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-10-03. Retrieved 2015-10-13.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link), ibid.
  12. ^ http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SH.STA.ACSN